Abilene Reporter News, July 2, 1944 : Front Page

Publication: Abilene Reporter News July 2, 1944

Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - July 2, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND BOX SCORE Quota Series E Quota Series E Salei Saturday Series E Soles to trilene WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT LXIV, NO. 16. A TEXAS OmM, NIWSPAPStt ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, JULY 2, 1944-THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS (Af) Vnuet Preu ittf.wKLCE FIVE CENTS Dozen Nazi Attacks Hurled Back at Caen 'Hitler's Strong Reserve Pool Apparently Cone By WES GALLAGHER A SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY. FORCE, July three great battlefronts In Normandy, Russia and Italy took on the nature of a single struggle today with the confirmation that Adolf Killer has been forced to .bring divisions from Russia to meet the British and Americans in the west. This policy of robbing the eastern front to bolster the west was taken an indication that the Germans had about reached the end on their reserves. Allied 2Jst Army group headquarters declared German reserve divi- sions now being hurled into the battle of Normandy had been brought Irom Russia despite the terrific setbacks near Minsk. Normally the Germans would have a stron; pool of "strategic divisions" either in the Keich or some more convenient spot where they could be sent to any battle area as required. Before the Allied invasion of. June 6, this reserve variously estimated at 30 to 40 divisions. Since (hen, (he most conservative estimate' -rom Nor- mandy place German losses at not less thin men, ind man? Allied military men believe they may be veil over The Red army's offensive in White Russia, according to Moscow figures, has cost the Germans upwards of men Killed and captured in a week. i The' Italian fighting is estimated to have cost them another in killed, captured and wounded since the Rome offensive began. This would mean roughly men chopped out of the German army. In terms of divisions it totalt more than 30. This accounts for virtually all of the German pre-invasion reserve. Thus the German high command now must treat all three fronts as one great battle and must decide where the heaviest threats are, then meet them by borrowing from one of the other fronts. It would be easier for the Germans if they did not have to transfer their divisions such great distances, but for practical military purposes the three fronts appeared as one. The Allies are treating them >s one, also, in the matter of timlni. "Steel Grip on Minsk Tightens OVER 500 WHITE RUSSIA PLACES TAKEN BY REDS By TOM YAKBBOUGH LONDON, July troops closed their steel grip around Minsk tighter today, completing the capture of the important rail center of Borisov and taking more than 500 other places in White Russia, as the Soviet summer of- fensive hurtled into its.second week with unabated ferocity, Moscow announced tonight. The third White Russian army of Gen. Ivan Chernia- kovsky, driving directly to- ward Minsk along the rail line ,sfrom Orsha, widened its front the western bank of the Berezina river to 70 miles, the Soviet' communique said, and piiiiiged onward even while the roar wiped out the :4last Gerf.iah -resistance :in Borisov, a city of popu- lation 46 miles east of.Minsk, planking movements by other So- viet'troops were even closer to "the White Russian capital, which filed 'dispatches said was within sound of the approaching battle. The capture of more Ger- mans to the south by the first White Russian army of Marshal Konstan- K. Rokossovsky on Friday also 'was announced in the communique, which said that a Nazi Lieutenant General and a Major General were among the prisoners iaken. The new round-up brought to the number of German captives taken on the southern sector of the White Russian front up until today. HokoKSOvsky's advance northwest- toward Minsk liberated more 150 places during the day, the communique said. The Berezina river also was reach- ed at a point some 30 miles south- east of Borisov near the town of Berezino and due west of Mogilev. Arhis thrust by the second White Russian army enveloped more than 50 communities, the communique said. In addition to occupying Borisov after 24 hours of fierce street fight- Amg, the third White Russian army more than 150 other places and farther north in the area of Polotsk, where the Soviet advance already had carried across the old Polish frontier in two places, the first Bal- tic army captured 150 ocalities. The offensive against the Finns on the far northern front between lakes Ladoga and Onezhskoe (Onega) progressed just as steadily, Moscow reported, and during the day more than 30 places on this sec- Ator, including the district center of were taken. Japanese Open By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press Wjr Editor Beaten on all fronts outside of China throughout the costly.month of June, Japan-has launched a new drive from canton designed to com- plete- the. conquest ol miles of railway Jinking her east Asia garri- sons. The campaign started near the close of the most disastrous month of the war for Japan's air force at'least planes destroyed and 50 probably lost against 1880 United States planes lost. Nipponese columns pushed up from Canton along the winding mountain railway to join other forc- es, 250 miles away, pressing toward the coast from flaming Hengyang. Junction of these two armies would give Nippon control of rail lines stretching from Aigun, on the Siberian border, to Can- ton, southernmost major port in The run through Harbin, in the heart of the great Japanese-developed indus- trial center of Manchuria, and Peipinff, former Chinese capi- tal, to interior and coastal strong points. Operation of the full stretch of railroads would relieve Japan's hard-pressed shipping. Nippon's battered merchant fleet needs help badly. She has lost more than ships since Pearl Harbor. Some of her ships have been sunk, probably sunk or damaged. Incomplete reports in June listed 141 ship: sunk and 42 damaged. Thirteen warships were in ench group. Japan's air losses for the month come close to her estimated monthly production. And the figures did not cover the full month nor Japanese air losses over the Asiatic continent. The previous -high was last Octcber when 8613 Japanese planes were de- stroyed ,'.nd ISO probably lost. American Liberators, operating See PACIFIC, FB. 8, Col. 3 Patriots Fight in Denmark fcBy ROBERT N. STURDEVA.NT STOCKHOLM, lied flags flew tonight from barri- cades in the streets of Copenhagen, wlieie Danish Patriots, band- ishing machine-guns and rifles, were reported ready to fight to thc against a. German garrison of 3.000 toing bolstered hourly by oilier troops rushing in from Zea- land. After n night street fighting, dur- inn which one unconfirmed report 4gsid German planes machine-gun- the demonstrators, the patriots broke out United States, British, Russian and Danish flags and huns them defiantly above their impro- vei-lslied Tie Swedish newspaper Afton- Aladefc quoted a report from the that the demonstra- who begun ti general strike were strong. The general strike was described b" the free Danes ns 100 per cent effective, and as a result food sup- fhlies shrank, water and electricity were cut olf, and all transportation was at a standstill. Unconfirmed reports said more than 700 persons had been killed or wounded, while the free Danish press service reported that violent street fighting had sent 400 persons to hospitals. The Germans closed the harbor of Copenhagen today, the press ser- vice said, and the last ferry de- parted from Sweden at, noon. With Denmark almost completely cut off, it was difficult to obtain a clear picture, and most of the re- ports came from the underground or from the few refugees who iimn- aged to get to Sweden. A report circulating in Malmo said the Germans had threatened to shoot hostages and bomb the capital unless the Danes called off the strike. The Danish press service declared, however, that the disorders would continue until curfew and slate-of- emergency orders were lifted and the Nazis withdrew the 2.000 mem- bers of the Echalburg Korps who had been sent to enforce them. England Suffers Iffli Straight Night of Blitz By LEWIS HAWKINS LONDON, July The Nazis have maintained their ceaseless, eerie blits on southern England for 16 straight nights, hurtling wing- ed destruction across the chan- nel, and in the face if rumors and. anxiety in this country in the re- gions thus far out of the range of the flying gov- ernment may unfold more of the story of these attacks. As. the Germans continued .try-r ing to. counter their battle reverses with the" blind pres- sure developed in Parliament for a franker official reporting on the weapon, and one member, Allred Denville of Newcastle-On-Tyne, said MADRID, July 1 Berlin correspondent of the Madrid newspaper Ya today re- poriecl on the lastest brainchild of the secret weapon depart- ment of Paul Joseph Goebuels' propaganda ministry. The German flying bomb will soon be used against New York hy still another secret the crewJess re- ported. he would British Home Secre- tary Herbert S. Mormon to shorten the siren sound fcr raid warnings and all dears, or discontinue them, ns step to counteract the incon- venience caused by the steady pro- cession of robot bombs. Prime Minister Churchill watch- ed intently for more than six months yesterday the fight against the wierd, explosive-laden projectiles. He may make a brief statement to Com- mons Tuesday. But indJcatiCKs were that he would not disclose much, and Vernon Bartlett, independent member of 'the Bridgewater, served notice he wouici ask Morrison whether in order to lessen the un- easiness outside southern England, to stimulave confidence it and to discourage the German peo- ple, lie will consider ihe advisability of publishing figures showing the average of casualties caused by each bomb leaving the emplacements in France." From the Germans themselves came detailed descriptions of vengeful weapon. The Berlin radio described them as having a "rocket- propelled giving a speed of 375 miles per hour. The broadcast said each robot was laden with 240 pounds -of explosive, that its range was fixed before firing, nnd that it was launched from under- ground emplacements which are for all practical pur- poses." Reports such as these continued to pour in: Two women were killed in a den- tist's office; five persons trapped p.'.ul one killed in the wreckage of a :iouse: one was killed and several hurt in the demolition of houses at breakfast time; six were killed in other smashed homes. Bombs Blast Enemy Robot Installations By HENRY B. JAMESON SUPREME HEADQUAR- TERS ALLIED EXPEDI- TIONARY FORGE, Sunday, July separate forces of Allied heavy bomb- ers, one British and one Amer- ican, attacked German robot bomb installations across the channel in northern France shortly before dusk yesterday, beginning a new operations after month of they and other planes .had flown- more than sorties 'in 1 The American formation was composed of less than 25u Libera- and escorting fighters shot i down eight Nazi fighters, sprayed 29 barges, three locomotives, nine cars, three anti-aircraft cars and five with machine- gun bullets. Allied losses were one bomber from each force and two American fighters. The bombing of the concrete chutes from which the Germans are hurling their rocket bombs at Britain was done by instru- ment because of a heavy cloud cover. Bad Wi-alher earlier in the day had cl't air activity to one of Ihe lonest points since D-Day, June 6. The only other operations rttir- ing the day were 300 sorties by scattered units of the RAP based in Normandy. Spitfires swept under low clouds and raked enemy trans- port in the vicinity of Conde. Har- court, Argentin, and Falaise, while Typhoons were cabled in by the army to attack stubborn gun and mortar positions near Carpiuet, three miles west of Caen. Two RAF planes were lost in this The Italian offensive started May II and took Rome June 4; '.he Allies in the west launched on June 6 the biggest amphibious Invasion In history; the Russians let the Germans get fully entangled in Italy and France, then launched their power drive in While Russia June 23. The strongest Allied coordination is evident In the air, with the U. S. Strategic Air Forces roaming across Europe from Italy to Russia to England in shuttle service combinations that pound Nazi targets vital to all fronts. It appeared here that the Germans plan to meet their dilemma by trading territory for men. This could prolong the struggle for a long time if the Germans could fight rear-guard actions without being caught, but with the Americans bagging men on the Cherbourg peninsula, the Russians trapping two armies on the Minsk front, and the Allies in Italy virtually wiping out the 14th German army, such an enemy program has been upset. The current Nazi "patching" policy should sooner or later leave a weak point through which an irreparable hole can be torn in the defenses. Territory in Fronce seized by Allies lotoli only 1740 cq. compared fo 1.Z64.749 in. mi. held By Gtrmdnt IiiTLER HAS Allied aulliori- lies have warned against over-optimism stemming from initial success-of Allied invasion of France. Map above shows French territory now in Allied hands as small dent in vast expanse of Hitler's Europe. Jones Mitchell Howard Coke operation, making announced Al- lied losses for the day four fight- ers and two bombers against 10 German aircraft downed. Unfavorable flying conditions! Haskell have hampered the British-based i colemac1 air forces for muoh of the past scurry month, but nevertheless they man-1 Fisher aged to fly more than sort-j Callahan ies riuri.ig June, in EI series of power- Taylor ful onslaughts chiefly in direct sup- port of the Norrm.ndy invasion. SHACKELFORD, HOWARD OVER-THE-IOP COUNTIES Shackelford and Howard counties Saturday topped their overall quotas as the Fifth War Loan drive in West Central Texas moved down the home stretch. In all, four of 13 counties in this territory have surpassed the overall and Taylor previously having bettered their quotas. Fisher, which is right at its overall goal, apparently is the first in the sector to reach the Series E quola. Herd's how tin? counties in this territory are lining up: Overall bales Quota Series E Sales Quota ackelford stland 6CO 000.00 725.000.00 225.000.00 nnels ies 646000.00 435GOO.OO 150.000.00 200.000.00 54.000.00 Overall bales Quota 725.000.00 040.000.00 440.000.00 6CO.OOO.OO 435.COO.OO Over top Over top County war finance chairmen, m-------- 70 percent Over top (approx.) PENINSULA IIP CLEANED UP BY AMERICAN FORCES By GLADWIN HILL SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION- ARY FORCE, Sunday, July Second Army, knocked out 25 Gorman tanks and hurled back a dozen enemy, counter-attacks southwest of Caen yesterday, while Amer- ican troops cleaning up the northwestern tip of tiie Cher- bourg peninsula captured Axis dead and prisoners on the American front alone to nearly men. Bayonets Bring Final Surrender Of German Force By HAL BOYLE WITH AMERICAN TROOPS ON CAP DE JyA HAGUE, P. M., July (ff) The last organized German units northwest of Cher- bourg laid down their arms early tonight before the pressing bayo- nets of American troops who com- pleted mopping up the peninsula by bagging prisoners iti the last 48 hours. (A dispatch filed several hours earlier by another Associated Press correspondent, Don Whitchead, said the total number of prisoners tak- en by the Americans in the penin- sula operation exceeded A number of German prison- ers brought back after being cornered in their pillboxes were roaring drunk, and II wan In- dicated by one that they kept up the battle of the last few days only under the pistol threats of their oflWiirs. The officers paid a bitter price for this "do or die" stand. One captured officer said losses among (hem run on a much higher per- centage basis than amonc the en- listed men who were fed up with the hopeless struggle. Feeling ran high among Ameri- can front line troops I met. They felt that the stubborn Nazis had cost needless lives in a battle al- ready lost. -Driving up to the front I passed two vast fields crou-ded with pris- oners huddled miserably together in the rain under camouflaged shelter halves and met 16 trucks jammed with stores of others who had just cast aside their weapons. The seizure of the last defend- ers raised the prisoner toll of one victorious American division during Ihe Cherbourg campaign to more than 20.000. "These inclndc 506 officers, and 414 non-commission- ed said MaJ. J. D. Brad- ley Jr.. of Glcnnvllle, Ga. Both the Allies and the Ger- mans were rushing men and material into the line arching on three sides of Caen for im- pending critical tank battles on the 120-mile invasion route 'o Paris, and Marshal Erwin Rommel himself was reported to have arrived at the Caen front. Headquarters Communique-No. 52, issued at p. m., said; "No fur. ther gains have been made in ths strong Allied bridgehead across Odon river" southwest of Caen. A local enemy movement In tha vicinity of Esquay, two miles across the Odon and six miles southwest of Caen, was noted by headquarters which also said that enemy infiltra- tion attempts from the east "vert. unsuccessful." Front dispatches said the Ger- mans also hit the west flank of (he Allied bridgehead a dozen times during the day "with no success at all." These ifabs were beaten off in the Cheiw, Grain- villc-Sur-Odon Ranray areas, which arc frcm three to four northwest of Esquay and on tilt nor'.h side of the Odon. The destruction of 25 more Nad tanks made a total of 167 demolish- cd by the British since D-Day and a total of 347 destroyed or disabled. AU organized German on Cap de La Hague, northwest of.. Cherbourg, collapsed yesterday, said, a late dispatch from Associated, Press Correspondent Hal Boyle, whs. reported American .troops in K.n area had captured Germans 48 hours, including their conunand- ers, Lt. Col. Mueller and .jt. CoL Kiohl. A dispatch from American head- quarter-? ori the peninsula suid tlis Americans hsd buried Ger- mans and captured more than for a total of at least In the overall Cherbourg peninsular oper- ation. U. S. troops, backed by and using bayonets, grenades ei'd flame-throwers, were swiftly mop- ping up the last bit oft resistance on, the "peninsula. Dispatches from Cherbourg said they had wrecked German railway artillery which had. been hurling occasional shells into Cherbourg in sn effort to American engineers working on the dynamited hnrhor instillations. Field reports from the British sec- tor told of German troops going into battle straight fiom the march. One German officer drove furiously all the way from Paris to help di- rect Gciman counter-blows. "Ha drove straight Into our lines and i sitrnmary' of the" past 30 davs show- j most instances, were confident that goals would be reached before the end of the drive and some expect- ed go over the top during the week. Series E have been lagging throughout the drive boomed yesterday in Taylor coui.- ty with the addition of It -..'as pointed out by Chairman C. M. Caldwell, however, that all Ihe Weather S. DE.-.tRTME.Vr OF COMMERCE ABILENC AND VICINITY: Consid- erable afternoon clourllni-ss Sunday and Monday. Continued hoi. ARKANSAS AND WliST TEXAS: Partly Sunday and Mond. EAST TEXAS: Considerable ncct Sunday! .scattered thunderahn southeast porti .Mo f.r> rea cloudy upper attr rrd thun- Jn after- TEAII'liRATURES hit yea Sil. Fri. P.M. (.1 R7 00 R7 ill !io in tm {13 U'J Ill 'I "i 7.1 IOM' tempcrnliirei lo D p.m. Higli nnil lew aame date IM and (ft. Convict Slayers Face Murder Count HUNTSVILI.E, July The Walker county grand jury today indicted of the four convicts who escaped from the Wynne pris- on farm on 2C chained with murder in connection with the slay- inp. of puard George L. Preston, Indicted on the slsyinR charge Here: Eugene Padgetl, 28-year-old man who was serving K> years from Bell county for murder; Leonard C. Stockton, 42, under a 15-year robbery with firearm? sentence from ?alo Pinto county, and James McLemore, 42, sent up from Cald- goal and that mast of the com- munities had met their Individual quotas, "Most organized resistance had ceased liy noon and H was only a question of chop- ping1 up a few isolated said Colonel Rnbb. "We made a spccv.ituiar break through last nipht along tlie Bcaunionl- Ilauffc-Grcvllle line with our dougliboys after shaking them up with artillery." The Germans had an unoxpcct- quantity of prt.ninry-75s. 105s, 155s, nnd about, five huge railway DALLAS, July War guns. They had boon shelling the; Finance Committee Chairman Na- Amcricans with f.wo of these big- j than Adams predicted today that fiest gu See INVASION, Fff. S, Col. 7 Texas Bond Quola 85 Percent Reached ricans with l.wo of these big-1 than Adams predicted guns, but the three others Texans would enter the last week were unmanned. Overnight the Americans flush- Sedwick listed the their sales communities. ed out txvo German commanders, Lt. Col. Mueller and Lt. Col. Kiehl, from their pillboxes. Klchl, a fa- of the Fifth War Loan with fresh determination to crack wide open the three chief quotas of the d.-ive. He said lie had cause for con- fidence after scanning latest offi- cial tabulations of bond sales through .June 30. They showed, he of this total was not cleared Sat- urday. Some issuing agencies in the county had not been chcckcc through tile week nnd represented the full weed's sales at some places. The county's E securities sales advanced to against a quota of From Albany came the of well county for 20 years for rob- Chairman John P'. Sedwlck that bery with firearms. Shackelford county had topped the Reporter-News Will Observe July 4th As FyJ! Holiday Tuesday, July 4th will be observed os a full holiday by The Reporter-News. No Morning or Evening papers will he published on July 4th. Publication is being skipped so thof Reporf -r-N-.'ws em- ployes may have a holiday, and to conscr (e under the paper rationing program. The Business Office will be closed oil doy, bu' Ihe Editorial Department will be open after 3 P. M. 85 per cent of the over-all state assignment. and coals as follows: natical insisted 24 hours ago Post-i tliat tnc Germans keep on firing _____ I despite heavy casualties, apparent- said, tht.t Texans had answered oak, Jv believing'they could lie up the! Uncle Sum's call for temporary 56.000; Rockhill. Americans enough lo wait an ex- loans in She amount of S394.C77.121, Moran. S54.000; and pcctod German counter-attack Albany, S302.704, S2.T7.500. j [rom thc snmh. Pflt Bullock, .Miidlcll chairman, announced at Colorado! City last niRht that thc goal: shouk1 be reached this week. The- county is only shy of its! quota and there's a big rally com- ing up Tuesday. A rnlly at Lo- raine Friday niglr. netted Htinneis county's fiffure stood only a fraction over thc 000 mark, hut W. .T. Hcmbrce of JtallinEer, drive chairman, said Saturday's should run over thc not brrn added. There was a downtown rally Ballingcr Saturcir.y afternoon which Maj. David Evans of tlicj ASFfC Nazis Fail Back On 165-Mile Line at Camp Barkeley sold 111 bonds. Major F.vans and the ASFTc hand moved on to Winters Saturday night for a similar rally. At Snydcr Saturday bond soles ROME July MV- The German toward a linL- along thc ifusone riv- lincs fell back tonight all along the er, 10 miles from the Adriatic port of Anccnn. While U. S troops fought- for Cecina, other American units cross- ed the Cecina river three miles to the northeast, partly outflanking this town of 10.000 population. Ad- 165-mile Italian front under blows of Ihc Fifth and Eighth arms' marching on the prize cities ol Liv- Florence Aa- in conn Fifth Army beat back n tank- counterattack and fought into outskirts of Cecina. on the Tyrrhenian sea coast only 20 miles below Livorno. The Fr-1-..-h of Hie Fifth mile throuch the r.ioun- brisk as thr county's overall tains to within six miles of Siena, WAS pushed to S280.COO or 60 per cent and thc E sales advanced to 10 per cent ol the goal. Tnc bond booth at the square was open all day with M. E. Stanficld In charge. Women helping r.t the booth were Mrs. W. E. Holcomb, Mrs. Wilmcth Wade, Mrs. H. C. Miller Jr., Mrs, Lee Smyth and Allcne Curry. highway center'31 miles below Florence. British. South African and Indian troops In the center moved up both the east and west shores o.' Lake Trasimeno against sporadic resistance. The Eighth on thc cast crossed the Chlenli a barrier which had blonkcd Its advance for several vance elements were only 17 miles from Livorno. Another column coming around on the town from Ihc Army reached thc Ceclnn river where it flows into thc sea and was met by mortar and small arms (ire. Thc British on the west shore of the lake advanced up almost _ Iti ei.tlre length, and took the vil- lage ni Gracciano. On the east shore, Indian troops captured Monte Del Lago, halfway up the lake, (ind cleared the enemy from the of Magione to ths east. A number of piisoners were the Germans fell back I taken. ;

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Publication: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Issue Date: July 2, 1944