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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - June 13, 1944, Abilene, Texas B Roosevelt Sees Quicker End to War With Japanese ''WAR BOND BOX SCORE Overall QuoU Overall Sales Series K Quota....... Series E Sales Abilene Reporter r "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT (See Story in Column I )j VOL. LXIII, NO. 261 A TEXAS NEWSPAFU ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, JUNE 13, 1944 PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Frea (V.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Allies to .Original Plan WASHINGTON, June 12- (AP) Roosevelt said tonight we can force the Japanese "lo unconditional fj surrender or to national sui- cide much more rapidly than has been thought possible." "The President speaking on a na ticnal radio program opening the Fifth War Loan ftdrtve, said our original strategy of eliminating Germany first and then turning our full war strength Into the Pacific can hasten the day of our victory on pll fronts. Germany, he said, Is "first" on the jdilist for and added: "Germany has her ba.clc ajainst the fact three at once. "On ihe hare broken the German hold on central Italy x J On the east A gallant Soviet allies hare driven the enemy back from the lands which were invaded three yean 'go. Great Soviet armies ire now Initiating crushing blows. Vast Allied air "fleets of bomber's and 'fighters have been waging a bitter war over Germany and western Europe. They have had two major objectives: To destroy German war Industries which maintain the German armies air forces: and to shoot" ihe out ot the air. As a result German production has been whittled continuously and the German fighter force now has only a fraction of 1U former power. "This great gic and tactical, will continue with increasing power.' "Cm-the hammer blow which struck the. coast of France last Tuesday morning was the cul- mination of many months of care- _Jul pi aniline and strenuous 'prep- Oration." :-'v f The President, jaid "we still have long way to but. he .re- viewed the relentless Faclricsmish- es which have taken the Initia- tive away from the Japanese.- 4 Mr. Roosevelt said have re- duced Japanese shipping by more than tons and have cu! off from' their homeland tens of thousands of Japanese troops "who now face starvation or surren- mericans Near Cherbourg DNB Says Cologne Is Bombed by RAF SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, Allied Expeditionary Force, Tuesday, 'June was reported by DNB today to have been bombed just before midnight in an after-dark sequel to daylight invasion attacks Monday1 in which Allied air fleets flew up to sorties against Ger- man holdings in France. Many Nazi-controlled radio stations in France and Ger- many shut down, suggesting widespread activity by the RAF. A record U. S. heavy bombers participated in the daylight attacks, which met rising German air force resist- ance. Sixteen enemy air- fields and six bridges were among the targets. DNB, reporting the raid on Co- logne, Rhlneland industrial city of which has been bombed 130 times previously, said British planes "flying in several batches" attacked targets in west Germany anr "dropped bombs on residential areas of Cotogne." Jond Show Nets By NANCY PHILIPS On Ihe first night of the 21 -day county war fund drive the Abilene A number of the bombers were Army Air Base musical at the' declared by DNB destroyed by Naz: Paramount put in the bond basket from sales and pledges for s-starter on the quota of Some Abllenluns attended :he bond show, presenting bond tickets ranging from to Eleven bonds were pur- chased. As a preliminary to the show Chairman C. M.'Caldwell and Ma- -Total war' bond 'sales. through. June 1 stMrl at its' reported from .and .Loan as- sociation, KRBC, Camp Barke- ley. Citizens National and F M banks. Series E bond sales through Monday totaled Z68.73. 18 Jap Vessels Added to Sub Toll WASHINGTON, June 12 Iff) The toll of Japanese ships sunk by "All of the submarincs rose loday 601 with a Navy announcement :hat 18 more enemy vessels had been sent to the bottom. Mr. Roosevelt, speaking from Washington, joined In an hour- long radio program opening the big bond drive. Most of the radio show, In which Secretary Morgen- Jhau, movie stars and others took "part, originated In Texarkana on the Texas-Arkansas border. Offi- cials explained Texarkana was chosen because of its the line between two states. Morgenthau told the radio listeners the Treasury will hare to borrow dur- ing the next year. Illustrlllns ihe costs of Ihe war, he gave these estimates: "To march from Naples lo _ Rome it eost us six billion, seven hundred million dollars. Including equipment, training, etc. I leave It to you lo imagine whit it will cost to march from Rome to Btrlin." The President, stressing that the have attained a general of- lenslve position all over the world, said "everyone who bought a warj bond helped In this war, everything we send to _cur fighting Allies, costs O lot of the President con- tinued. "One sure way every man. woman and child can keep faith with those who have given, and arc giving, their lives. Is to provide the money which is needed to win fhe final victory." Morgenthau Tells Of Fighting Costs TEXARKANA. U. S. A., June U %V-The United States has spent on the war so far and before the year Is out anoth- er will be spent. Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau.Jr.. said here tpnlght fc officially open the Fifth War San drive. "General Marshall rr.e last Wednesday before he left for Eng- land that our expenditure for the last three months of this year will be the highest yet and that just started." the treasury head said in a script prepared for delivery' on a four-network broad- cast that opened the campaign for "To march from Naples to Rome cost I leave it to Jiu to Imagine what It will cost to march from Rome to Berlin. -The cost of taking the Mar- shall Islands ras leave It to you to Imagine what it will cost ns to go from the Mar- 'iflll Islands to Tokyo." Urging support of the Fifth War Lean drive. Morgenthan slat cd; "The harder we ffght thr sooner we're going to win. If oui j jor E. L. Murphy, air base adjutant, addressed the crowd with brief pep talks. Major Murphy was repre- senting Col. Harry Weddington, base commander, who was unable to attend. The Fifth War Loan drive's kick- off breakfast will be held this morn- ins at o'clock at the Second Street TJSO featuring.' as special guest, Mrs. John G. McFarlen and night fighters and by antt-alrcrafl guns. During the day German fighters offered their fiercest aerial resls lance since the invasion began bu still failed.to Ihrpw great numbers into the battle. Incomplete reports on today's operations showed 53 German planes destroyed In the air and 17'on.the pound. AUktt louts placed. at: stroi bobVii-s, nfedtntn -bomber' ana-'Jl four pUtts..at which were' safe. The American ''Fortresses Llbcralors loosed the greater par of their bomb loads on 16 airfield In a belt from Lille to Dreux, abou 45 miles west of Paris, and on hal a dozen bridges In the Paris and St Nazaire areas. Medium bombers, fighter bomber and fighters ripped.targets-on th tip of the Cherbourg peninsula over Ihe battle area'and southeas to Juvisy, just" south" :ot Paris. Many of the medium and fight er borr.bers concentrated on th rail system and highways ringin her '21-months-old son. Johnny'lne of "the Cherbourg penin Eugene. Mrs. McFarlen is the wifeisula anti extending part way acros the base of the Brest peninsula. The heavyweights, In the Greatest force ever senl on single mission, lost 'seven planes to flak while their fighter es- cori shot 17 of the enemy from See AIR tf. 9, Col. S of Paratrooper John McFarlen, the first enlisted man to land in France when the Allies Invaded western Europe, Dr. Rupert N. Richardson will be principal speaker. Provable highlight of last night's show, directed by Lt. M. R. Garret, assistant special service officer, the presentation of the composi- tion I'll Wait For You, written by Mrs. J. O.-Stinnett and dedicated to her husband now sen-ing over- See BOND SHOW, Pg. 0, Col. Z Scurry Community Tops Bond Quota SNYDER, June (Spl) Th Midway Camp Springs community airstrip Scurry county, went' SM20.50 over their quota of In a Fifth War Loan rJlj Sunday night. F. G. AIRBORNE INFANTRY LAND IN infantry leaping from a slider on landing in a French field rush to reinforce the front posts, (Signal Corps Rarliotelc- ihoto from NBA Mammoth Soviet Attack Spite Marinerheim Line Cerisy Forest Falls; Carentan Captured SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, Allied Expeditionary; Force, Tuesday, June tanks and in- fantry smashed through the center of the German line in Normandy yesterday, capturing the Cerisy forest 18 miles inland from the sea, toppling the stronghold of Carentan after a bitter fight, and battling Nazi forces only 14 miles from the prize port of Cherbourg. Headquarters said that Field Marshal Gen. Erwin Rommel was using from 14 to 15 divisions, German troops, against the Allied forces, but communique No. 14 declared: "The fusion of our beachheads is now complete and a coastal strip some GO miles long is firmly in our hands. Its depth is being increased steadily." A later official statement also said: "The enemy has been unable to build up his attacking forces as rapidly as anticipated. Cnrcntnn's tall put the Americans a third of Ihe way across the Cher- bourg peninsula at its narrowest point, and astride roads leading to La Hnyc Du Pults, Lessay and Cou- tancfs on the highway near the OF NEW OFFENSIVE LONDON, June tanks and picX.d troops poured through breaches-hv the Mannerheim line to- day and seized Raivola in an eight-mile advance that carried them to a point "about 40 miics from (he port of Viipuri, Finnish'city second only to Helsinki itself. Fighting, through woods laced with lakes, the Hussians also oyerrari Kivennapa, about 10 miles northeast of Raivola, in the'new offensive which has the capital 'of Helsinki as a goal. Other populated places were taken the Russians swept up along .the western side of the Karelian isthmus, the Nippons Losing ADVANCED ALLIED HEAD- QUARTERS. New Guinea, Tuesday, June are being cleaned from their strong positions on Biak Island west of Mokmer announced Sears, county nounced. chairman, has an- One of the county's smallest com- munities, Camp Springs u-ith 41 men In service, was the first com- munity over the 'top in Ihe Fourth loan. Buddy community chairman said. Guy Patterson, First All the ships reported in todaj'i: National bank, Rotan, was principal communique were cargo vessels or speaker Sunday night at the rally, merchantmen needed by the er.emy j Bond buying was done by 43 per- In supplying outlying posts. sons. headquarters today. American Infantry troops were advancing westward from captured Mokmer drome Sunday against enemy machlnegun fire coming from bunkers. Headquarters also disclosed that Palau and Truk again were bomb- ed Saturday night. Palau's airstrip iroadcast Soviet communique recorded here announced Twenty enemy planes were reported shot down. Churning up the Karelian Isth- mus ravaged by the 1939-40 Rus- 5o-Finnlsh war, Russian artillery bombs and guns of the Baltic fleet cracked the defenses along a 25- mile front and stunned the Finns with a cannonading whTth echoec through Leningrad, more than 25 miles away. Dispatches from Moscow said the Red army had seized several large railroad centers beyond the 193J Russo-Finnish border and tha Finnish casualties, heavy from thi start, were increasing. More enemy positions were be- Ing rolled up hourly as the Rus- ,rom ai, the slans under Col. Gen. Leonid Go-1 vorov, liberator of Leningrad, I struck repeatedly in the virtually was hit and installations on Truk constant daylight of the northern from j summer. The newspaper Pravda declared were attacked by planes southwest Pacilic bases. TniV and Palau are 'miles j the break-through was "great and 1 j apart in the Caroline island group, j significant" and that "now the I hour iOLDIKRS MAKE FRIENDS WITH FRENCH CHILDREN Mnx Dcnton, Biloxi, Miss., making friends wilh a French youngster during the American advance into Nor- MORGENTHAU, PJ. 9, col. (Signal Corps Radiotelcphoto from NBA of severe revenge has ar- rived." The Russians were reported to have crossed the Sestra river, which flows southwest through captured Terljokl, and lo be fight- ing through lakes, swamps and hills of Karelia after breaking steel and concrete fortifications In the powerful push. Terijoicl is 27 miles north of Leningrad and 1GO miles cast of Helsinki. The Weather S. 1IF.PARTMFXT OF rnMMF.RCi: WEATHCR Arm.F.N'F AND VlriNlTV: able floadlneii; Kitlirtd Ift IVtST IC.VA5: tttiir dix ind Vfcdnridiy. CAST TEXAS: OiuldrritEt rl' ntn ind leiUrrH iMtrnion Ihor itormt in rut and innih parllani nesdlr, Irrih TflMdaF. TIMr-ERATLRIS In the overall situation Rom- ieVs Axis forces were showing gns of weakness, an official state- icnt said. But ihe Germans ouring reinforcements into the estem coastal areas of the Cher- ourg penlAsula and putting up tlffer resistance against the Amer- can thrusts below Cherbourg, it ddcd. The U. s. drive on Cherbourg nd the west coastal roads were acill'lated 'by the securing of ad- iltlonal road crossings over coas- al inundations made'by mans, the communique said. "VThe iclzure of Carentan and Its sluice tales also will enable the Amer- cans lo drain off large areas looded by I he Germans. Confirming field dispatches ffhlcl. said the Germans had nol yet shown any sign of mounting a major counterat- tack reserve forces, head- quarters said the enemy "Is un- able lo lake his armor out of Ihe liallle lo reform for a large allack because he apparently licks Infantry to hold Ihe ground." German accounts of the .loss of Carentan said Axis troops had oecn punished by Allied warships firing off shore, and consequently were withdrawn to escape such broadsides. Sarenlan is six miles inland. A bitter ground fight preceded the American entry into Caien- tan. Berlin said. Maj. Van Dcr Heydte. comman- der of a German parachute unit fighting in the area, broadcast from the front that even clerks, mes- sengers and cooks were pressed into service "against American para- troops who received support from Allied tanks." Headquarters said the U. S. Bat- tleships Texas and Nevada were bombarding Inland batteries on the peninsula in support of Ihe push toward Cherbourg and Ihe western side of the peninsula. Rocket-fir- ing Allied planes Just before noon also attacked enemy coastal bat- teries near the tip of the peninsula and struck at a variety of Nazi ar- mored targets and motor Irans- port. The A.xls-conlrolltd FarU ra- dio said General Montgomery h.id 30 of 45 available divisions now In Normandy. "The remain- ing IS are waiting in England under command of Ameri- can It. Gen. George C. ration Ibe broadcast added. Ber- lin broadcast on Sunday said Ihe Alllu had (row 400.000 troops In France, and 5ild that figure was only a third of (he Allied amphibious power which had been based In Britain. A headquarters announcement disclosed that the British Ihlrd In- fantry division which fought in FrAnce and Flanders four years ago r.ox was operating in .Yomiandy. The third to'aght all through the previous French campaign and was Immediate necessity of sending j Tn the Adri.itfc sector all Dyr.kerquf. heavy reinforcements from France had been cleared from the lower! st- Lo TCas menaced by one or f'sf-uhf-re In Europe If any real'sirfe ot the Peseta river. American column which seized Crrisy forest on the northeast and Hradquartm diwloscd that (hc I tv another MrikiR? from the north Sixth Smith African armored ,an advance several miles Ion participated in the Vl''on'___________________ leaders Visit France Jly JOHN WILHELK Reuters War Correspondent Distributed by the Associated Press AN AMERICAN FRONT LINE SECTOR IN FRANCE, June America's lop ranking Army and Navy and Air Force chiefs accom- panied Gen. Dwlght D. Flscnhower on a visit to the American beach- head, today to see It for themselves. The party arrived aboard a de stroyer at a. m. In addition to Gen. Eisenhower, the group In- cluded Gen. George C. Marshall, U. S. chief of staff; Gen. Henry H. Arnold, U. S. air chief; Admiral Ernest J. King, commander In chief of (he U. S. fleet; Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley, commander of Ameri- can ground forces in France, and Rear Admiral Alan G. Kirk and Rear Admiral John Leslie Hall, commanders of naval task forces in Ihc Invasion. Immediately upon landing the men drove lo an emergency land- Ing Held directly above the beach on a plateau., where they watched evacuation hospital planes taking off for England wilh wounded. They then drove to within five miles of fierce fighting being R'aged in the Carentan sector and saw block-long rows of shattered build- ings-ruins still burning and smoke western side of Ihe peninsula. (Berlin radio, In a broadcast re- corded by NBC, said two new Allied divisions had landed northeast of Cherbourg, presumably in the 15- mile area between the port and Point? de Bsrlleur at the northeast tip of the'rinlnsula. Germari.broad- casls earlier had predicted- Allied "leap frog" landings close lo Cher- bourg. At the end ot Ihe tint ireek nf Invasion fighting the Allies have taken more than prisoners, a statement said. Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgom- ery, Allied ground commander, said some regular Japanese sold- iers were amonc the captives and the Axis slain, hut did not explain their presence on the front. The seizure of Cerisy forest pu1 American troops near the mid-Nor mandy communications hub of St Lo. and was the deepest inland pcnc tratlon yet scored by the Allies. Slight advances were made cas ot Caen on the British-Canadian sector on the American left flank headquarters sold, and "Amcrlcar iroops in the Cherbourg pcnlnsul have made further progress to th north and west" in their effort I seal oil an SOO-square-mile area In eluding the port of Cherbourg. Fierce fighting between Brit- ish and enemy armorrd unllj conllnutd between TIHy-Sur- ScuIlM and Caen, cast of the Ccrisy forest now occupied by (he Americans, the bulletin said. The greatest daylight bomber licet ever dispatched fror Britain, more than 1.400 U. S. Fly Ing Fortresses and Liberators, sup ported tlie Invasion during the da by striking at a broad belt of airfield1; and six rail bridges In PURSUE GERMAN ARMY DISPERSED 10 FOUR WINDS' ROME. June Ger man 14th army has been "dis perscd to ihe four winds." Allied through Ihe Important road junc- tion of Monteflasconc near the shores of Lake Bolsena and foucht headquarters declared today as on toward the town of Eolsena. Gen. Mark W. Clark's miles beyond. Eighth Army and Brillsh forces, pursuing the i columns moving up both sides of disorganized Germans up the Ital-, the Tiber river north of Rome t.in west coast, approached Orbet- j r.earcd Bagno Regglon and Rlcti. cllo. "1 rnltcs northwest of Rome. In the rugged central sector the As depicted enemy units fell back! Eighth Army overran Avczzano and toward Ihc Florence area with the I nearby Lake Puclno. which was greater part of equipment drained some years ago and r.ow lost, the "szl high command faced j is a 45.000-ncre larm development. lower! attempt was (o he niado to hold northern Italy. i "U U r.ow the Al- lird announcement sa'rl, "that the adj. i original M'h army x x x has been i Army's drive up the Liri and Sac-' Ma A.M. S.n. j dispersed lo the four winds. All that remains is a few scattered who mMr.ly arc engaged In stealing one another's trans- port to pet away ax fast as pos- sible. Prisoners describe the situ- ation as wholly chaollc.'1 The German commander. Field Marshal Allirrt Kesselrlng. not only Krs brrn forced to throw all but SI XI Ilith >nd I'. .nj (A lame co valleys to Rome. the Allied advance con- tinues relentlessly. It is recognized that the Allied lines of supply arc becoming rl.illy more extended. Strong forces of Allied heavy bombers aattackerl targets In Ro- Churchill Visits French Beachhead SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, Al- lied Expeditionary' Force, June Minister Churchill visit- mania and Yugoslavia yesterday.jcd the beachhead In France today, conctntrating on rail yards and oil j he.irfqimters disclosed tonight. Imtnllatlont. Twelve heavy homlj-l The prime minister WM eccom- Stnrllt thl' Tnrr; SUAICt lonlfbl: rrs nr.d five escorting fighters i psnied by Field Marshal Jan Chris- or.c of the 21 divisions he had In-wcre as against 15 Naziplaue.il llan Smuts, premier of South Afri- Italy into a desperate effort to shot down. Last night heavyica. and the chiet of the supreme slow the Allied steamroller, but has bombers hit objectives in Bulgaria.! central Gen. Sir Alan Brooke, in three fresh infantry di-: Not an enemy piar.e was sighted visited the Normandy beach- visions, it was disclosed today. m-er the Italian battle area yes-i bead, the headquarters spokesman Fifth Army troops pushed terday, [revealed.
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