Abilene Reporter News, June 3, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

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Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - June 3, 1944, Abilene, Texas BACK THE ATTACK Buy More Than Before In Fifth War Loan Drive! Overall Quota    $3,805,000 Series E Quota ^    1,255,000Wi)t Abilene    MDMmG“WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS LI' GOES.”-B>ron-- VOL. LXIII, NO. 351    a TEXAS NEWSPAPERABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, JUNE 3, 1944 —TEN PAGES Associated Pras (AP) United Press (VP.I    PRICE FIVE CENTS Shuttle Bombers Land in Russia ted-Chosen Targets n Romania Bombec All Men Put Under Strict Job Controls ^ WASHINGTON, June 2—(AP)—Practically all the na-tion’s male workers were placed under strict new job controls today as the War Manpower commission moved to channel more labor into war industries. Extending its “priority referral” plan to blanket the coun-"i-y. WMC ordered that beginning July 1 all men except farm workers must clear through the United Slates Employment Service in seeking jobs. Only men referred by the employment service may be hir^, although businesses with eight or less employes are not affected. Job applicants will be assigned to top priority war jobs, wherever they exist. “The plan will make it possible for a worker anywhere In the country to take his most useful place on thft industrial tiring line,” Paul V. McNutt, War Manpower chairman. said. Already in effect in about a dozen ••critf'al labor shortage area^," the referral program was extended by McNutt under President Roosevelt's executive order establishing the war manpower commission outhorizes the recruitment of workers and referral to .lobs in which they are most needed. McNutt emphasized that while the referral program is on a volunUry basis. H will be difficult for workers to ^ct jobs unless they clear through the emploj-ment service. On the other hand, workers will not be referred to employers who do not cooperate, he said. The new program provides that job seekers will be ofiered assignments in the order of importance of the job to the war. Workers will be given the widest choice "consistent with the war effort” in the acceptance of jobs. If he is not needed for an essential job In the area; If he Is not adaptable to an essential job outside the area; or if there Is undue hardship, special emergency clr-cumstances, or other good cause. WMC also ordered the establishment of employment ceiling programs and manpower priority committees in all the 184 group one and two areas of serious labor shortage. The purpose of ceiling programs ?s to fix the number of men a specific plant or business may employ, while priority committees determine which businesses are entitled to priorities In the referral of labor. Trailer Camp, 60 Rooms Open 0 Servicemen ^Establishment of a trailer cajnp in Pair park and opening of 60 rooms on the Hardin-Simmons rampus to accommodate families of soldiers In Abilene was announced ^st nicht by Lt. W. W. McKeever. nead of the Army nouslng bureau. Lieutenant McKeever said negotiations with Hardln-Slmmons were completed at 1:30 p. m. and by nightfall the 60 available rooms in Smith hall, cooperative girls’ dormitory. ^re filled. The trailer camp opens at 2 p m. today. In Smith hall soldiers families rx-\W be charged $1 a night for a room with twin bed.s, the officer announc-rri. the university providing at-^ndints’ and janltov service and The Army housing biu-eau and Travelers’ Aid handling other details. The Pair park trailer camp, members of the Parks board agreed. Khali be in the area starting at the j-vliiDrtheas*; corner of the poultry building, thence east along the north side of ihe Hereford building to the old buffalo pasture and north by the Hereford building to th«» cate. The arm, Lieutonani Mc-Keever .»^alri, will acoommodale be-^een 40 and i>0 trailers. Occupants of the area will use toilet and shower facilities of the pouWry buiidin« and today are to bp tendered by the Park.«; board the «.«ic of the entire building for re-^pation or whatever u.«e is desired. • The llcutcnani said income from Smith hall rooms will go to Hardin-Simmons, under an agreement with E. vv. Lccibctter. HSU business man- ; LqcqI Committee«; aRer, while profits fron; the trailer,    i ii i m i i eeb o the parivs, Approve Progrom MARCHING ON—Allied troops in Italy continued the advance yesterday, smashing through German blockades at Valmontone and Velletri. Canadians seized Ferengni and the two forces were closer together. battle for Rome Nearing Enc ENEMY TAKES PARTISAN HEADQUARTERS, NOT TITO aRoi', while ptof l^ard • • *    Establishment of a nation-wide Couples who want to stay in ] system of priority referrals provid-Smith ha’l mu5t contact the Army | ing that all employers shall hire housing office or Travelers' Aid. and ; only those men referred to them ihosr do.sinnR trailtr area space I by the USES has already met with A>\ist contact Lieutenant McKeever the approval of the local War Man-Tor clearance. As a sanit .cure the Army housing will remove all trailcr.s or military i^er-.'^onnel from yards of private homes where unsatisiactory and inade- tiate facilities prevail, it was an-^nced. For the past three days no bedrooms or apartments have been listed with the housing bureau, forcing the Army personnel *o turn away 50 families dally without accommo-^.atlons. St. Louis Strikers Return to Lobors By The Associated Press ^ Street car and bus operators uhoso two-day strike had crippled transporlation in St. Louis decided 'cs '^rday to rp.sume their work, but a dozen other labor disputes remained unsettled and 11,000 men ^nd women were Idle. power commission area labor-agement committee which has offered its wholehearted support and cooperation. E. C. Logsdon. WMC director, said Friday night. ••Without their heip and the help of the procurement agencies and the pubHc. this voluntary program, announced by Paul V. McNutt. War Manpower Commissioner. Friday, will be a failure,” Logsdon declared. To the greatest degree consistent with the war needs, workers subject to priority referral shall be Sec MANPOWER, Pg. 3, Col. 1 Husband of Wasp Trainee Killed Second Lt. George D. Richards of Sweetwater was killed in action in the Southwest Pacific area, the War department announced today. Lieutenant Richards is survived Nachtman. regional director of the I by hLs wife. Mrs. Bette N. Richards BARI. Italy. May 29—'Delayed^ <JP\—German paratroopers support- ' ed by glider-borne infantry swarmed down and captured the Bosnian headquarters of Marshal Tito Mav 25 but failed to catch thr wily Yugoslav leader, Partisan sources disclosed today. Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, whose whereabouts had bern a mystery for weeks, was said to have directed the attack personally. Tilo e.‘-c-;iprd to the mo\intains along with Maj. Randolph Cl^urch-111, .von OÍ tiu’ British piim<- minister. and virtually all Allied officers attached to Titos stalf. Two Allicfl c(<rrespondents. Sto-yan Pribirhevu-h of Time, l ife and Fortune magazines, John Talbot of Reuters. and two photoaraphers were captur.ci in the Nazi stroke, but Pribiclic\ u-h ei^caped later during a Paitisan attack on the Naxi.*^ (The Mosrnu radio, in a dispatch from Cairo, said an attempt by two battalions of German paratroops to rapture Tito in his Yugoslav headquarters three days ago had been frustrated by ti»r alert Partisans. The broadcast, rr-cordc(’ In London by thr Soviet monitor, said "due to measures previously taken the attempt was abortive and several hundred parachutists Mere killed or taken prisoner.” i A bllsterini: Stuka dive-bombing attack at ivi preceded the airborne as.snuH the headquarters, situai«! in a vast grotto near Sellers Expected To Attend Rodeo Drvar. 70 miles north of Split, Paratroopers and gliders followed quickly, coordinating their attack with a powerful ground assault In which tanks led the way. Titos Partisans regained much ground the first night but on the second day the enemy managed to push an armored column Jfifn Drvar. meanwhile taking the im-{X'rlant airport of Petrovac. 14 miles north, and bombing several Pani.san towns in the vicinity. Planes of the U S Fifteenth Aw Force and the RAF went to the ;úd of Tito's men. Fortresses pounded the blq^ German supply opera- concentrations at nine diffeient points. City to Invest 00,000 in Bonds Taylor countys Fifth War Loan drive got another big boost Friday when city commissioners voted unanimously t4-> invest $100,000 of city sinking funds in short term securities Motion to purchase the bonds was by Commissioner W, E Bras-Ic.v With second bv A H Pr.nl iifier Mayor Will W, Hair had di'--c losed pi espnt and expected fui'ite totals in two funds Siiikini-’ fund hrhind the crnf?:-! bonds now stands at. $11,000, Ma\<>r Hair reported and requireinenfs ff>r the year 1944-4-t are set nt $73.P..17 , This leav bala War Labor board, urged them to submit their controversy over in-^f'rpretatlon of overtime pay provl-^^lons to the WLB. Draft board (halTinan there had ordered re-clasiiiication of the strikers. The walkout Involved 3.500 men, but 600.000 residents of tne city were affected by the tieup of trolleys and of Avenger field. Sweetwater The names of T-5 Evert M. Mc-Clatchey. son of Mr. and Mrs. J. O. McClatchey of route 1. Abilene, and T-Sgt. John F. McKinney, whase wife. Mrs. Betty J. McKinney, lives at Coleman, were also Included In the War department list of soldiers killed in action. Both were killed In the European area. Grover Sellers, attoniev general of Texas, will be among the vi.sit-ing dignitarie> at the Sunday program of the .Sheriff's Posset rodeo at Fair Park, nccordinu to word received here Kriday, Rodeo officials sa\' tlie attorney general will ix’ the tir.st    ■•(- flcial to attend the local sl-.c.v General Sellers will reach Abilene about 10 o'clock Ruiiday morning and '•pend the nieht here before returning to Atisim, $43 487 Sinking fund behind f water tK»nds totals $i:i6 000 w: requiremf’nt^s for the year of S7 000. Cash balance in that fund approxlmaielv $.58,000. makmc total cash balance of $101.487 In addition. $100.000 in boi purc.'iascd, $60.000 from the gr fiai fund and $4j,000 from ’ •111 The new bonds, whicli $50.000 from eacii funci Interest of 7-8 of 1 per('i ept, 1 •ill r..n Yanks, Canadian Forces Closer ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Naples, June 2——Powerful American armored and Infantry forces smasiied thiough the key German strongholds of Valmontone and Velletri In the Alban hills before , Rome today, shatterinc ^h»' enem^ s ' last “ditch defense.s and fore.shadow-Ing the beginning oi the end of the battle for the Eternal City Valmontone. 20 airline miles from Rome on ttie Via Casilina. main escape route foi- the mauled German lOtlT armv retreatinq from the Hitler Line, and Velletri. 18 miles southeast of the Italian capital, fell after days of viciou.s a.ssault and flaming resLsiance, Early tonight firree fighling Has reported sfill In progress as LI. Gen. Mark W. ( lark s vie- ! torloiis forces eontlnurd to pound back thr sitibbornly struggling Hermann (ioering armored division and olher ' crack Naii units. The Allies held three miles of the \ ia C'aslIJna. Capture of Valmontone and severance of the Via Casiliria orew ti^e Allied sack tighter on the remnanf.s of what once were Î2 German divi* ' slon.s holding the Gustav and Hit-j 1er Lines Less than IR miles sepa-! rated Clark’s troop.s from Canadian forces who pounded u’p th»’ Via Casilina and seized Ferentitni Caught between the two Allied wings. Marshal Albert Kf*,-^selrlnii's battered forces were s’ri'amhig northward on several seronclarv road.s toward the t^^mporarv .safety of a new defense hnr humed on A\ ezza no It was di.sclosed that ttje <ra(k Anienraii first ai^iiii.M-rl rlivi.-inn and othev .strong Anienciin r^'inlorce- battle now ia«inu wiinui Muht n! Rome Tlie first armorerj divl5K)ti played a conspiruou,s pa it m the I Tunisian victory la.sf year Tonight a front dispatch reported Fifth .Army vanguards were fanning out in a wide are through the Alban hills above Velletri, advanelng on a mountain front extending from the Appian Way to the Via ( asl-llna—the two prin«ipal blRb* ways Into Home. Ge See ITAI.V. Pg. %. ( ol. Î 3ritain-Basec Planes Pour It On Coas LONDON, Juiip ForginR a pou-crful new link in .‘\llicd air .suprruiritv, U. S. Flying Foitrc'ssrs and rscort-infi Muslanf^s matlr an histnnc shuttle raici on Romania tn-da\' and lanclrd in Russia as part i)f a mas.'-r.n two-wav aerial assault m u liich more than .=>,000 .-Xllied planes dropped nearly 7.0(11) tons of explosives on Hiilor's Europe. The .■ihulllr-brmboiv fir.it .Mlicd planes to attack enrnn^ .soil and , then make planned laiidincs in the Soviet Union, apparentlv flow from bases in Italy WTiiie the Mediterranean air force’s blow wa.s the more spectacular. heavy bombers of the Eielith Air Force in Brit n in added their secutive day oi Allied aerial a.-.sauli.s on Europe. Flying Fortre.ssrs and Liherator.s .swept into France twice during the day to hit prime military targets The fir.st raid, macie acauist the I invasion coa.st of Pas dc Calai.^, was I accompli.shed withorit lo.s.-. either Ito bomber.s or e.scoit.-, hut in the ¡second seven Fortres.sc.s were mLss-! Ing. I The latter strike «as deiivrr-j ed against a variety of mditary targets west and southwest of Paris. Air Torce headquarters I said. Includine raihvay junc-! tions and hridces. No enemy air opposition was encountered, hut ' flak wa.n heavy over some targets. Medium, hchf and fighter-bnn)b-ers of the Allied Expeditionary air forces aLso stabbed into Franti* and the low countries at dusk. l)oinhin>; and strafing railroad yards, bridges, fuel dumps, road traiuspor coastal cbjecilvc.-- I A UNITED STATES AIR BASE SOME-WHERE IN RUSSIA, June 2-(AP)-A large force of American Flying Fortresses escorted by American Mustang and Russian Yak fighters bombed Russian-selected targets in Romania today and then continued eastward and landed at new, secretly-established bases in the Soviet Union, inaugurating a shuttle bombing program of historic military significance. The new eastern command of the U- S. Strategic Air Forces announced that one bomber was lost and one fighter missing and that enemy opposition was slight. The Reel air forcc aided hy attacking; German airdromes nloni; the route and providing support throughout the area. The new shuttle-bomhinf; proRram lays open the farthest 1 corners (.f Gi'rman-eontrolled territory to the weight of Allied boml>s and presents llie Germans with vast new problems of eombatinK Allied air assaults on the e\e of the western front in\-asion. .■\nnnuneen-icnt of the landinRs in Russia said shuttle : bombinc u as thus inauRuratcd between Britain, Italy, North I Africa and Russia. (The Americans' place of departure was ' not spr’cifird, but apparentlv in thi Itnlv I I Thi.s dir;ini of .^menean militaiA- anri air men whicli ¡came true today found not i one, tint inanv. American air bares on Russian soil, from whi(h the American bombers are -itile to brniR the war to evers' part of 'l-iitler's territory, Tlie effect on Romania and Hungarv in particular was expected to be tremendous instance it was from Biak Pressure ncreased; Jap Defense Weaker that Mara of the announced tlian 300 artlr)p:.t- smashed ADVANCED ALLIED HBAD- J-rom Britain a fb et of l.oof) British-based I orln-sscs and Liberators, with b.lf us manv escorting flRhtcrs. slammed into tije pas de caíais area with sonie r.,00n tons of rxpb.sivrs for their heaviest a^saull thus f.ir Loaving Ihe smoking.    ____ .. _ . frelcht yard.s of a Romanian city i QUARTERS, New Guinea. Satur-behind (liem the American fliers. , day. June 3—'/IV-American Jungle fri'in iiii parf.*^ of thr Itnifed Sratrs^. (rooprr.s fought (n (he top of a waves on , heavilv wooded ridge overlooking f Uie -A.‘.stem    no.snek-Mokmer road to In- Tirmen reported crease their pressure Tliursday on up that includ-    de.sperate Japanese defenders hni-'hte^ Kf^7l- Blak. Oen. Douglas MacArthur .John n Dranf -11 H:t illUa the cels The -invasion u nrhallei •nu- F-.rMr,....rs an.l Lib« i r.s<'.>r:cd ¡ in. Oi ¡ni-.-i/. ft 1<>;, P.U Mu.'-’.-I,-' I’ 1 U h'lMl'.r. P47 Tlv.;i.'U'il>..*-.- ^'11 iinui Kitlith .-'.'.I    ‘ ■ ''lint. light fl;t> A !' -A wKMU'.d p Father of Abilene Minister Succumbs n-N I 'I < ronijh n. jiiic Sovin TJirrhanir fr.,ni lhr(Mlchnul tl (hr l.asis nf skill, rf ,illv in kind. MAJORITY FAVORS LAW TO DRAFT WORKER WHO OUITS WAR JOB ^ By GEORGE GALLUP Director. American Institute of Public Opinion PRINCETON. N. J.. June 2—Further proof of the public’s desire to take sterner ¿S easures to cor- rect rtli manpower shortages and labor turnover is revealed In the relion of the .untry toward tne Baiiev-Brew-tter “work or be drafted” bill.    GALLUP Thl.s proposal, regarded as a substitute for the Aufitln-Wadsworth national service bill, would make it necessary for a man of draft age In a war j©b to get permission from his draft board to quit his job. Failure to do so would, under the terms of the bill, make him subject to the draft. The purpose of the legislation Is, of course, to try to reduce the phenomenal amount of labor, turnover which still exists in war production aren.s In spite of War Manpower C o m m I .s.sion regulations. Senators Bailey and Brewster feel that legislation is needed to supplement those regulations. The attitude of the public i-s in marked contrast to the apathy which is reported in Congress to ward the work-or-fight propr>sal National sentiment was measured by the Institute on the following Issue: •‘A law has been proposed which would require every man of draft age in a war job to get permission from his draft board before he can (|uit his present Job. If. ho quits without i>er-missfon. he would be subject to draft into the Army. Do you think this law should be passed?” The vote; Think law should be passed ............. oS'e Think law should not be passed ............... 32 No Opinion .......... 12 In contrast to the vote throughout the country a.s a whole, two groups which would be especially affected by the law arc about evenly divided in their opinion on the Lssue. These two groups are labor tmlon members atui : uiulf>r 3H >ear.s of axe In *-uch ol flu* two gioups, api)t'OxiJnai*K' hs maiiv oppase the hill as favor It. There is substantial Rrniimcnt i made which would draft 4-Fs : for mbs in war plant.'i ui ordei i t/> relea.SR able-l>odied men in i those plants lor military service. tent with the along toward national ser\ ic#' back as March oi voters have in the event of need. A recent .'ur vey found 78 percent of IÍ1F natir voters In favor of ■ tiiat proposai — evidence ; [igain of \ the des i r e for stern measures to eope wlt.l 1 m: in- -J power pro iljletii* finfiJ/i«.s Hit- ■ coil- "1.S- puhhi’s i»ttJ tude nll tiie fjuf’.stio n of a ■ law Sinri f a.s f a r . 1942, the majo: •:tv time anh '¿i lin 1)' ''e n of .such lei ;i:^iatj SUNDAY— The Circulation Office Opens at 8 A. M. and Closes at 10 A. M. Please coll 7271 between Bond 10 Sundoy mornings if you miss your Sundoy Rcportcr-Ncws is shuttle Itombinc — : tiiat makes vulnerable industrial facilities of The Weather announced today. Fnemy resl.stancr atop the vital Jieisht.s ua.s siiattered by the tough Army Yank.s who invaded the largest of the Sciiouten Islands a week RRO today stornunK of the ridge was n. Ineved near Ibdl and Mandorti, •.ii!a(ce,s    off the main route be- lueen Bosnek and Mokmer air-orofiif' uhich i> only 880 miles .'K.tn thp southern Philippines. The •s< iiflo Htid Bnrnkr>e airfields are (U'-f beyond Mokmer. iViHsession of the cliffs poises the Anieruans for their main thrust for the three airfields. The .lapanese positlonJ enabled them to threaten the Yanks’ flanks and commanders ordered tite advance slowed until the enemy could be driven from (he heights, which paraN lei the road about 200 yards Inshore. fii'Hind troopjs received the aid Liberators bombers which sKiirunerj tlie trees on the ridge rtnd toje apart the enemy strong ujfJi 8f) fnn.s of bombs. .‘^iivaRp small-.scale lungle fight-l:;« flared also in British New (luinra. morr than 4.'in miles south-' fii the Blak battleground, as D' -I'assod .Iapane.se ambusiird oae '-'i the Allied carrier lines 20 miles SMUflioHSf of .Mtape MarArihur.s fliers were carryinjr widespread bombing attacks itiran'Ahile with Liberators r\gain -hr approaclies to Truk, < I‘'inv ba.stion in the Carolines. 1 hfhit Stawan, 189 niiles south-ras! of Truk. and Wolcal. 523 iniiev UCM of Truk. ■ rhc.se a.ssnults were made Wed-Ti;;k time—the same day Miiit .entral Pacific bombers set liic nn rruk nt«.Il vi.sible 150 Thr .lapanesr hit back in the all Thursday with a fivc-bomber sral) at the Biak Invaders but these were driven off by antl-aircraf; with one plane, possibly ’wn sh-^pt ftowti The enemy came hack atain the same day with three plane.s and dropped five bomb.s which fell harmlessly near tlie Yank bcachhead. Hoosiers Decline Support of Dewey i Bv The Associated Press ' Indiana Republtcun.'i shouted' ' (Unvn a proposal al tlieir state convent;.n yesterday that the state’s ' ■_>9 di'leaates to the Republican na-j tionnl convention be Instructed to;; voie for Oov. Thomas E. Dewey,!»'" Thf ¡ropa>.al. ndvanrcd by Rcp; ' r.ciald w. Landi.-i oi the sevenths? ni.^inct wa,>i rejected by a thunder.^;, ous negalive, ;