Abilene Reporter News, May 31, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

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Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 31, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE Sinfe Pearl Hatbor May Quota May Sales MORNING "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OK I'OES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT -VOL. LXIII, NO. 348 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 31, 1944 PAGES Associated frtts (AP) Vnited Trot (Vf.) PRICE FIVE CENTS to Yugoslavia-Hit Flood, Fire Face Invaders LO.NDON, May propagandlsfs poured out stories to- day of plans to combat Invasion by Hood and fire, ol assigning (lying repair squadrons to keep bombed communications open, and of sal- vaging trains from the scrap heap to keep supply lines running. The .chcme of scorching the eartli ahead of Allied elude "setting fire to vegetation" "extreme with a fire-fighting talk given e European underground in the th of a series of broadcasts by liume Allied headquarters. A spokesman for Gen. Dwlght D. senhower told the underground keep its fire-fighting units ready :cause the danger nl fire In the allle zones would be great, not from Allied bombs and arlil- ry but ''from Uerman tncendlar- m." German or Gerrjan-controH- TLCODS THAT from the air these are the famous Pontine marshes flooded by the Germans at the start of the beachhead battle to hold back the Fifth Army. Water is up to the second story of some of the houses while the entire countryside has the appearance of a vast lake. (Signal Corps Radiolclermoto from NBA .Satisfactory Gains Made 16 Miles of Rome "Bitter German .Cpunter-Attacks Not Successful _ ALLIED HEADQUAR- Naples, May and British troops ground yard-by-yard into the Nazis' final fortress wall be- fore Rome today, repelling scores of flaming counterat- tacks as they made '.'satisfac- tory gains" through the brist- ling Alban foothills within 16 mites of the Italian capital. f "We now stand on the threshold declared Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark, commander of the Fifth Army, In an address over the graves of American dead on the Anzio beachhead. "Before many days have passed we shall have freed this f first of the European capitals from Nazi domination." The Nazis were offering savage resistance in an etfort to stem the immediate threat to Rome until the bulk of Field Marshal Albert Kes- shattered 10th army eould be withdrawn up the Via Casllina and along two secondary highways from its disastrous stand on the Hitler line. In a frontline dispatch filed p. in., Daniel rte Luce of the Associated Press said tank- led American troops had cap- turc.d two ridges 500 yards apart after slugging all day In the midst of German strong- paints southwest ot Lanurlo. He said that Lanuvio. 16 miles southwest of Rome, was irr.oV-.5n? from a daylong Allied artillery bar- rage, but that defenses of the for- tified hilltop town still were un- broken. f "It is more a struggle of attri- tion than annihilation, at least In its present aspects." De Luce satd of the battle. "The Fifth Army's prolonged attacks obviously arc draining Kesselrlng's reserves." Prom enemy sources came word the sounds of battle were be- coming hourly more clear as the Allied drive crawkd relentlessly toward the outskirts of the Eternal City. In an order of the day, Msr- 5hal Kesselring told his troops that Is at stake." A British broadcast rrcord- rd by NBC said (onijhl the Al- lies had captured Ardea, five miles southwest of the Amerl- ran-hcld Campolconr station anti three mites from the Tyrr- hcnlan coast. ALLIES WIN IN INITIAL BAIILE OF PAfflC. ByRAYCRONlNT Associated Press War Editor Repulse of the Japanese in the first tank' battle ot the southwest Pacific war theater was reported last night by Gen. Douglas A. MacArthur. The communique from advanced Allied headquarters toll. of fierce battling as the hard-hitting Yanks smashed the slash ing Nippon lank assault on Biak island, off the north coas of Dutch New Guinea. Abilenian'sSon Is Awarded DFC LT. ROBERT R. SMITH First Lt. Robert R. Smith, 24. son of Mrs. Eivin Webb, 739 Pecan, was recently awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross sfter completion of 53 missions as bombardier over the European fortress. He also holds the Air Medal and Oak Leaf clus- ter for "exceptional meritorious achlsvcment while participating In five separate bomber combat mis- sions over enemy occupied Europe." Enlisting in the AAF in 1942, Lieu- tenant Smith was sent overseas to an English base in October, 1943. He was graduated from LgntCKi high school. Other official Allied report from the far-flung Asiati Pacific theater of action high lighted these developments: Allied forces gained majo successes in northern Burma Far to the north the Japanes breached a Chinese second line o defense hnd scored other advance )n (heir drive to reconquer the en tire Hankow-Canton railway. Shortly after dawn Monday th Japanese threw their tanks ogains the Yar.ks advancing on the thre airdromes on Biak island. In th They were hurled bac suffering heavy losses. Eight Nip I.OS AXGELp 'ay slalions in the Los area resunr ..-ansmis- sion tonight after being order- ed off the air for a brief time due to what a spokesman for the Army's fourlh int'-ccptor command said :ras the approach of an "unidcntir d target." pon tanks were destro. -d. Position changed hands frequently us th tittle raged. Japanese planes entered the flgh but six out of nine vere shot down In China's Hunan province the Japanese steamroller was advancing agaiml the Chinese. Casualties were heavy as Ihe Chinese battled furiously to hold Changsha, provincial cap- ital d key railway city. The Japanese position It. blood north Burma was further endan gered as Allied forces severed on main Nippon supply line, a me cd In heav; fighting- at a besiege major base, and continued to for] ahead through the high n unlat: on the China-Burma border. Meanwhile American slrmen. op- ed radios quit their guessing came of uhrn (he blows itould come from the HMt and re- turned lo the theme thai tbe Nazis were "fully is Ihe Transoccan propaganda agency put II. Here are some of the things these propagandists were saying: An expe-lrr.ental area has been built, modeled somewhat on the Dutch-Flemish coast, to determine the best ways to flood areas along the Atlantic wall. Flying repair squads have been set up "in all corners ot German occupied Europe" to repair bomb damage to and "trains which were about to be used onslaught of thousands of Allied airborne troops. The feeling of invasion Immi- nence has been heightened iu llrl- tain with ihe safe arrival ol anoth- er convoy of American arms In this island already loaded wilh masses of troops and weapons. Vlcliy radio, recording strug- gles ot tlie Germans with the j restless underground sahl 55 French anti-Nazi "terrorists" had been arrested recently, and 17 were killed in clashes uhleh killed two Hitler agents. hleh command hod spoiled thou sands of smaller military forces over France to meet the expected Tne sea was calm along the strait and ihe sky was cloudless. Berlin Says Y.ank 'Chutist s lynched' STOCKHOLM, May 30 Berlin correspond- nt of the Stockholm news- iaper Aftonbladet reported to- .ay a roundabout story that ive American airmen had icon killed "by agitated peo- ile" after parachuting to earth .1 three unnamed places in entral Germany. (The German radio denied, in a roadcasl recorded b CBS, that ive airmen were ''illed, but sail one Hot who parachuted from a wreck- d plane was "lynched" the In- iabit'nts of a village In central Germany after "a large group of ivilians who were on their way to jhurch" were -strafed by- low-fly- ng aircralt. This, as- well as At ton- bladet's slory, was en'-ircly uncon- 'trmed. (Tile dispatch clearer, through German censorship. Aftonbladet Is Istcd by the political handbook of :he world as a non-partisan news- paper "Nazi tendencies.) The correspond it -..id the story which h no details. wtt told to him In Berlin by "a traveller Iron Leipzig. It was possible the story was a propaganda plant by Naz Propaganda Minister Goebbels In an attempt to frighten Ameiicai fliers. "Tiie German police w--c-unabl to "ive them." the correspondcn related, adding a "storm of rage had brf n out among German civ iiians Sunday when American fight ers allegedly shot women and cliil dren during over Germany Goebbels wrote in last Saturday Nazi newspaper Volkischer Boe bachter that Allied airmen bailin out over no longer woulc have police and military protection against civilians. Algiers radio said five German which U'icd to block their path Infantry divisions and a motorized hn nn aircraft fac- division liad been sent lo reinforce I 'n lnrce la? as scrap Iron have been put back I German troops in Bulgaria where tones and SIX airdromes 111 in service." I Nazi concentrations now "rese-ible I Germany, three rail yards in A neutral source said the German real occupation." I and Belgium and mill- Fine invasion wealher continued. (avy The Americans lost 11 bombers nd nine lighters. This force included about icavy bombers and more than 1.200 Ighlers. H was the third straight 3ny that a fighter fore; so big, the argest ever assembled for battle, a-1 been sent Into action over Ger- many, nnd a U. S. communique not- PLANES ESTABLISH HIGHEST STAMINA, RECORD LONDON, May American Air Forces threw approximately heavy bombers and fighters into aerial battle from both Britain and Italy today in an un- paralleled display of fighting stamina, raining destruction on German defenses from channel invasion fortifications to Yugoslavia. British-based bombers and escorting lighters shot down at least 68 enemy planes LONDON, May (Af) Hying: wzs so hot to- day dial aircraft ot the Brit- ish Second Tactical Air Force had to be cooled with palls of ivalcr before (round crews could handle tlicni. Pilots (lying In a minimum of clothing said the cockpits became so hot metal burned Ihcm. BOOT TOP areas on map above in- dicate best nniiir.il positions where German Marshal Albert Kesselring cnn attempt to stem the tide of Allied advance up the peninsula. Childers Promises Card From Berlin KANSAS CITY. May Ernest Childers. Congressional Nfedal of Honor winner from Broken Arrow, Okla., told n Memorial Day crowd here today that if the sol- diers are provided with enough sup- plies "we'll send you R postcard from Berlin." Sgt. Charles F.. (Commando) Kel- ly, Pittsburgh, Pa., also wearing the medal, declared that "if the "peo- ple back here could only W'hat the boys arc going through over there, they would never lake a day off. They'd work night and day to keep the production lines rolling at top speed." Lieutenant Chilricrs and Sergeant Kelly arc scheduled to leave tomor- row by plane for Camp La., for a three-day visit with the 84th infantry division. The next stop on their tour, which ends June 15, will be at Camp Swift, Tex., near Austin. ernling In the Pacllic theater, Reinforced by the bulk ot the re organized Hermann Goorin? chute division and supported by in- irora teresified artillery fire, the Nazis continued to slave off the Ameri- can drive on Valmonlone. a key stronghold of the new last-ditch line 20 miles east and slightly south of Rome. Two days ago Yank in- fantry and tanks were reported within yards of Hie town, Is situated astride the Via Casilina, the Nazis' main escape route from the Liil valley. German counterattacks had tem- porarily checked American infan- Stt ITALl', Pf, I A brother, Sgt. Charles E. Smith Is stationed with the Armv artillery f in New Guinea I maintained the pace jf their sky against the Japa.. They hit again at Kaipan in the Marianas islands, off the south re-t flank of the raided a position in the northern Kurilcs and smashed HEADQUARTERS OF 15th AIR- i surprise FORCE. Italy. May 29-iDelaycd) American and troops by- Wh-Winging across the Adriatic. pass-r-, Kamain? and seve d the heavy bombers of the Fifteenth Air! main road between Japan's -.1 :k a powerful blow to- Kamaing and Mogaung bases in Tito's Force Given Support from Air day in support of Marshal Tito's northern Burma. It was officially Partisans for the third successive reported by southeast Asia Allied day, bombing nine targets In west- headquarters. Kamalng, its chief era Bosnia. supply line cut, was In peril. The surprise move netted the Allied forces 25 Japanese IriifVs and half dozen lead- ed irilh supplies and ammuni- tion. In besieged MyitVylna, M miles east of .Mnpaunp. Aimri- ran and Chinese fnrrr.s ed the Japanese in heavy [ighl- See PACIFIC, tf I, Col, I Food Report Given WASHINGTON. May The War Food administration re- ported today more than 11.- tons of American food has been turned over to the Allies fince ihe first consignment of Irnd-lease food reached Great Britain three years ago tomorrow. City's Lakes Catch Gallons Abitenc's three reservoirs have caiicht appiosimaleiy gallon.1; of water in the past two wcekr. L. A. Grimes, superintend- ent of the city water department estimated Tuesday. Fort Phanlom Hill lake, largest of ihe three. a billion gal- lons. Some 300 mil'.lon gallons flow- ed into Lake Abilene and 100 mil- lion gallons Into Lake Kirby. Phantom Hill is slill 5 feel 2 Safety After Ecuador Ruled By General Alba QUOTO, Ecuador, May Gen. Luis Larrea Alba assumed leadership tonight of the military provisional government which took control in Ecuador after revolution- ists. In a blood coup yesterday at Guayaquil, had forced the resigna- tion of President Carlos Arroyo Del Rio, Col. Pablo Borja first headed the provisional government but he. was succeeded by General Alba, who represents not only the army but Lhe revolutionary vanguard, a polit- ical party. The provisional government an- nounced. In a decree, that It would retain power until the arrival of Dr. Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra, for- mer president in exile in Colombia, who has been Invited by the revo- lutionist.'! dency. to take over the pre.'i- A general strike in Quito preceded Arroyo's resignation. cd Irmt It was the first time Amer- ican heavies had lilt Germany four days running. From Italy, up to heavy bombers and fighters attacked Llnz nnd four Messerschmltt factories in the Wiener Ncusladl area of Aus- tria, and railroad yards at Zagreb In Yugoslavia. The score in planes shot down was not Immediately announced rd the bases In Italy. In addition to these large- scale operations, hundreds of medium bombers, attack bomb- ers and figblcr-bombers swarm- erf, to the assault on cliser tar- gets In northern France-anil In. Uclsluni. Suggesting that the combined ns saults were beltig continued into (lie night, the German radio announc cd that "cticiny plane re on thi way lo Germany" and tin Budapest ns iveJl as other Balkan radio stations lelt the air. The Folkestone vibrate strongly for 15 minutes tonlrht tc explosions along Ihe channel coas and anti-aircraft fire was vislbl between Cap Grls Ncz. and Sou A coaM.il correspondent of th Associated Press uporbd tha "part ol the French coast fron Boulogne to er ue nt times ap neared to be nblazc h the lla-'i cs of bursting bombs nnd shells. 1 was by far the lica -est of the foil sucK tt.'icks which have been mad by Allied bombers." Both the Eighth and Ninth A' Forces sent Lightnings. Thunder _ .bc'ts and Mustnnss to protect th HV-For a brilliant aerial combat I improve bomber force, and th in which he destroyed two Japn- C5Con Wns loundcd out by Mus tangs of the Royal Air Force an Allied Expcilillonaiy Air Fore Royal Canadian SpUlirci Hew sup porting sweeps. Coolidge Flier Given Oak Leaf ADVANCED ALLIED QUARTERS. New Guinea. May 31 nese planes nnd saved .1 buddy, Capt. Jay Robblm of Coolidge. Limestone county. Tex., today was awarded the Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster to the Silver Sl.tr by l.t. Gen. George C. Kenny, 5th Air Force commander. 1 Bobbins Is credited with 131 planes fihot down. I He won the equivalent of a sec- or.d silver star in action over Hoi- I landla, New Guinea. April 12.! Twenty Lightning fighter planes battled with 15 Japanese Zeros j that day. The citation said that Robblns I drove two enemy plnncs off the j tall Kncmy resistance waned In both (lie and outh as (lie American forces rlrmrmslrafed for Ihe lirst lime an ability lo deliver trip-hanimrr blows with homher with- out rr.sl. The escorting fighters accounted for 58 of the Nazi planes shot down, and the oomljers right. Part of the bomber force struck JU-B8 bomber assembly factory of one of his comrades, de- j at DCSSSJ. a FW-190 lighter nsscr.i- spitc the fact that while dolr.g so bly ohm at Oschcrleben, a JO-88 his own plane was the target of j bomber component plant and air- Reds Claim i Losses At to Bio LONDON, May 31, Vfednes- ay (AP) German forces orlh of lasi, Romania, opened attack yesterday "with irge forces of tanks and in- Moscow announced oday, breaking a six weeks ull on the main eastern front nd denting the lines of the led army. The broadcast Russian commun- que, recorded by the Soviet mon- or, called the break "an Inslg- Iflcant wedge Into our defenses" nd asserted that It was obtained t the cost of ''heavy losses in men nd material." "Armrdlng to preliminary data, ur troops disabled or destroyed 50 nemy tanks and brought doim 33 lanes In the day's Mos- ow said In Its nightly bulletin. The Germans themselves, in their communique broadcast some 10 hours earlier, made no mention of any {round flflil- Inc on Hie eastern front but a later Berlin broadcast mention- ed "heavy German air attacks loriay on the front ireas In (he lasi well the en- emy's rear communications." _Thls broadcast claimed Rus- sian planej were down. Aside from the German attack, he Soviet communique taU thera vere no changes on other sectors ot the front. It was at last.that the Germans the. Kusslans' westward drive early in April. There have been indications from )oth the. Russians and Germans that a new outbreak of action along the eastern front might bo expected at any time to with the Allied Invasion of Europe) from the west. The Germans have claimed that (he Russians were, con- cenlraling large forces In the area preparatory lo a smash southward through the Galatc ttfflle toward the Danube and I'Jnrsli oil fields. Berlin frequently has prop- hesied that this would be the. point at which the Red army iiould strive first when given Ihe signal for combined east- west operations. Fighting northwest of Vitebsk was rciwrtcd by Moscow in a sup- plement to the communique and In this outbreak the Russians said they beat back a German drive, killing 400 and disabling six tanks. Air and sea strikes at German shipping In Narva bay also wpra described in the Soviet supple- ment. Bombers of the Red Banner Bal- tic fleet sank three minesweepers, a high-speed landing barge and a. motor patrol boat Tuesday ar.d that night Russia warships attack- two other Japanese fighters. dro at IMIbcrstadt. nnd others Heels the finest traditions of the service." the citation Indies below its spillway and Lakes Abilene and Kirby are 10 1-3 feet below ihelr spillways. Charles L. Cofer Advanced in Rank The War department has an- nounced !hc pro.T.clinn of Lester enter, 542 Palm, from 1st 12 Naval Aviators Killed in Head-On SAN DIEGO, Cai f. May Naval filers were killed late today Then a Wildcat fighter nnd a Navy Liberator b T.ber r-' lldcd over Falumar mountain, 65 miles n rth of here, the llth naval district annovinccJ tomeht. I Sellers Holds Four officers and rijlil enlbled men were nboa.d the planes. The DOQrd Plan Illegal accident occurred three miles south of the famed Pnhmar observatory. The planes fell 200 yards apart and ioday'thst'lhc board of dirt-dors ot resulting brush f .c b'jn I 12 acrr.v Texas AfcM col'cte n -ic' "c'rlc- Elcvcn men were aboard 'he bomb- cr and In Ihe luhKr. j ,nc pmf r (0 nincrrs and iccommnida- tion of the head the dcrnrtir.nu lcor.cerr.cd." The opmlcii however, that if s'jch appciiiunents were nnrie subject to by board of riirrctor.-, tiiere would no1. be any unlawful delegation ol power. The opinion was sought by F. M. cd three minesweepers and inflicting heavy two damage on nobblns then go! behind an en- attached airdromes at Har.dorf. cmy plane, sent it clown in flames Rotcnb'.irg, nburg and and then chased another Zero' Bad-ZwiKhcnsJin. the las', three through intense ground fire to I r.enr Hnm'mirg. within 75 feet of the enemy Olhcrs hammered railroad yards I drome, riddling the Zero until crashed. 'This pilot's complete disregard for persona) safely in his determi- nation to destroy the enemy re- thc other, Moscow said. Mrs. J. E. McDavid Is Critically III nt in Beklum and Reims! Mr' and Mrs- J- c- McDavid of nnd Troves in France, and thclSan Antonio were to -lave arrived. Nnz) mill-Invasion fortlficaliona i ncre la' nt8h' be at the bedside about tl-.c PJS de Calais coast of ol hls mother, Mrs. J. E. McDavid, France. 1M2 lVorln lst- Mrs. McDavid Is Late in riay Llshtnlr.gs and Thunderbolt fiah'.cr-borr.bcrs of the Air Force- renewed the blows wub c-n bridges and other I (Jrnmui military near' at Ins- j Tile al- n Satr.es of the i held. dead with- rllOTS BALBOA. Canal Zone. May Sixth Air Foicc pursuit planes crashed on at an eMi- mate; combined speed of WO miles an hour .Saturdny bill t runl n Once as.iin the Amrrlcans nsctl larlirt, in: ivcr hundreds of miles of (rmliry tn .iltack u-Mely-jriK'- r.itrrl tthile Ihe Cltnrun ?ir Ihinnfd nut in its to ralch fvcn one croup without prolrellve fijhlcr See llOMRIxns. Vf Cut. 3 1842 North 1st. Mrs. McDavid reported to be critically ill. The Weather 1 ruim. irrARTMIXT Or CflMMtKCC AND VICINITY: p.nir ind Kith rloody tni irallrr- and ormi In rmb'ixdlf r r Safe prfsirtent who wir.lr tlie the AA-.M onsrel. nltcivhcy tn parachufd without injury from Ih.U board feet. It was aniimmied today. passaso n! n rule under The pilote. Capt. Wiliiam S. Ilir prrsidfir., Chalr.sell. Rlchr, ,.nd, Va. nd I.t R. Pa'.cy, fa., are bclirvtd to a lid other -3 PYOTK. May Army Air Fir'rt public' relations officer, T. P. tnttay an- (he nf ihe nine- j ir rrr.v out 5afply j o.i sis be-If'if ft rxpVdcd and ntlicrtr. The ft appoml all oUirr Colnv.au TtVAif: rartlr Wei- nridiy mii Thoridir. FT i and Ihnndr Tiler tns north pit lion and the coail Thvndiy. on ihe ceail. TLMrtRATL'RKS Man. Mca. .V.Sr. 1101.R P.M. ;fl R3 .....___1......... S2 3.'........ i3 AS 5.. Ilil I.' 05 SI M M M It SI M S3 ;s heutfr.ant to the rar.x ot caplaln. only fliers in thr Panama 'rachrr; anrt finplojr.i "f HIP Cofer was formerly employed here canal area to survice such an ac-j upon Ihe advice of the Lt. W. sounders, by Sears Koebuck jnd company, icldent, lAla. H'tli I id .1- Montgomery, i i Suairt tcnijtt: ;