Abilene Reporter News, May 30, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

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Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 30, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE Since Pearl Harbor $16,971,640.75 ^ay Quota    $ 231,700 00 May Sales    $ 113,S13.2S VOL. LXIII, NO. 347    A TH3CAS 3-^ NEWSPAPERAbilene ^i^eporter-i^etojg mamim“WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES:’-BvTon    -ABILENE; TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 30, 1944 —TEN PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Presi fUr.) PRICE 5'IVE CENTS iierce Japanese Resistance Reported on Newly - Invaded Biak «Yank Forces piose in on Mokmer Field « S' ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, New Guinea, Tuesday, May 30—(AP) —American invaders of Biak have advanced more than ^alf-mile to a point within two miles of the important Mokmer airdrome, Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported today, ROME DEFENSE LINE WEDGED Allied Guns Are in Range of Capita Yank Heavies Down 00 Enemy Planes LONDON, Tuesday, May 30—(AP)—American heavy but Japanese resistance was; bombers and fighters, possibly 2,200 strong, shot 109 enemy increasing every yard.    i aircraft from the sky and hammered seven aircraft^factories • One marauder was Icxst as the j jj, Poland and Germany and a synthetic oil works near Stettin yesterday. The blow was the heaviest dealt in a day of perfect weather which saw approximately 6,500 sorties flown from Allied pre-invasion bases in Britain and Italy. It cost the U. S. Strategic Air Force 35 bombers and 11 fighters, the same losses as reported after yesterday’s operations in similar strength when Ninth Air Force kept pacc with the heavies by sending a record number of 400 twin-engined Marauders and Havocs against French and Belgian bridges and a French ^ir field. Abilene Flier Is Awarded DFC Capt. William W. Arnold, son Mr. an Mrs. William P. Arnold of Abilene, has been awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross as a member of Col. Philip Cochran's Air Commando force. Eastern Air mand. based in India. The citation read: "Flying from a base deep in enemy territory. While British-based Liberators and Fortresses were winging across northern Europe, between 500 and 700 heavies from Italy, with matching escort headed into old Austria %ind bombed a German airframe factory at Atzgersdorf, the Wollers-"dorf ferry plane base and the Nord airfield, both near Wienerneustadt. All these targets were visited five days ago when the last big ^ strike over the Alps was made, simultaneously with British-initiated raids on Berlin and Paris. Once again the big bombers ran into intense flak and determined enemy fighter opposition. The losses of the Med-iterranean raiders were not immediately announced. At about 10 p. m. last night (3 p. m., central war time) the Budapest radio broadcast an air raid warning, indicating the offensive -was swinging uninterrupted into the-knight cycle from Mediterranean bases. j\CC Graduates Hear Messclge . "It is my hope that j'ou will love €fehis college and are ever loyal to her." said Dr. John G. Young of Dallas, in his Monday night address to the Abilene Christian college senior class at graduation. “It is something to live for. to ^•ork for, and to cherish. You are *aken and counted now as educated men and women.” he said. •'Shirk not responsibilities that come with it. Go out and work they were surrounded by one of for your country, fellow men and the heaviest concentrations of ene- CATT. W.    ARNOLD God.’ iii' "Learn to make the world your school.” Using the illustration that the college is called the Hill, Dr. Young said, ' Each day you go a little farther up a hill of learn-^f»g, and tonight you stand on one ^f its peaks. You are on a mountain of your own making my activity in the China-Burma-India theater which involved passing over enemy trocp concentra-tion.s with harassing fire. Using low speed. .«:ingJe-engine aircraft, these plfotii performed missions of mercy. supply and rceonnaL'v^ance . . . j ThLs di.'^play of devotion to duty look back many times, be- ■ and a degree of efficiency above cause today you have joined the and beyond that normally e.xpected sclect group of those who enjoy reflect.s great credit upon these pi-the advantages of college educa- loUs and the Army Air forces of the United States ...” Captain Arnold wbs previously stntionrd in Panama. He is a graduate of McMurry college, entering the Army air force in June. 1941 He was commissioned a second lieutenant in January, 1942. 93 Nazi planes were knocked down. The Berlin radio, meanwhile, said a British and American bomber squadron carried out another raid against Rome yesterday causing heavy destruction and at lea^t 100 deaths in the Sao Paolo quarter. The climax of the day was struck by the 1,000 American heavy bombers which, for the second day in a row had an escort of more than 1,200 Thunderbolts, Lightnings and Mustangs furnished by the Eighth and Ninth Air Forces. They swept about 750 miles across Germany, bombing aircraft plants at Poznan. Poland; K r e ising fKrzesinki). five miles to the southeast, the eastern and southern German cities of Leipzig, Tutow, Sorau and Cottbus, and the Politz synthetic oil plant, 85 miles northeast of Berlin. Enemy oppQsitiQ.n ^yas expected to reach « new peak of fury when , the Invasion-toughened veterans of the Sixth army make their final assault on the Mokmer field. 880 miles from the southern Philippines. A headquarters spokesman said the Japanese guessed wrong when deploying troops to combat the Yankee invasion of the largest Schouten Island Saturday. The enemy apparéntly reasoned the doughboys would storm ashore in a frontal assault on the Mokmer and Ser-ido airdromes, both of which are on Biak’s south coast. The Japanese built strong defenses to protect the two fields and the Borokoe airdrome, between Mokmer and Sorido and a mile inland. The inva.sion waves, however, hit Ihe beach three miles cast of Bosnek, Biak'.s largest village, and six miles from their present front lines. The Americans are working westward along the Bosnek-Sorido coastal road while Japanese snipers are putitng down heavy fire from the ridges above the road. DANCE OF VICTORY—With a comrade, right, squealing away on a harmonica, British 8th Army soldiers dance a victory jig to celebrate the capture ot long-bcsicged Cnssino. China Faces Crave Threats On Widely Sepa rated Lines See ACC, Page 10, Col. 3 Memorial Holiday «Deafh Toll at 1 54 ! Rigid Rationing Is By the Associated Press The number of deaths from accl- »ii a i i n ' i dents'around the nation Increased | brill AheaCl''POWleS to 154 yesterday near the close of ♦he third day of the four-day Mem- ! WASHINGTON. May 29—'/P> — ^rlal holiday.    The new rationing chief of OPA Traffic mishaps cost 49 lives, told hi.s staff today that more com-while drownlngs accounted for 42. moditic.s may have to be rationed, and 63 were ascribed to miscellan- while OPA AdminLstrator Chester eous causes.    Bowlc.s n.^^.scrtcd that the trend is Statistics furnished by the Na-‘^ toward more ricid rationing” rath-^^vlonal Safety Council showed that , er than relaxation, motor vehicle fatalities alone nor- , ‘ Some people sav rationing is mally add up to 250 through a_Sat- , about ever,” said Charles F. Phil- urday, Sunday. Monday and Tuesday period in May. Massachusetts, with 17 deaths, led ..the list of state tolls. 'II' Fatalities by states In the traffic accident, drowning- and miscellaneous categories inchided: Arkansas. 0-0-1: Colorado. 2-2-0; New Mexico. 2-0-0; Texas, 0-1-3. lips, df tioning near o six. eight ■ administratoi Ls not over, or anywhere We could find ousolves or nine months from The Weather ^’ith much tighter meat tioning.” Bowles a.'y>erted thal the public is behind OPA ai^d ha.s accepted rationing; they would welcome the return of stricter ration controls as a protection again.st shortages, he slated. By RAY CRONIN Associated Press War Editor Embattled China, fighting desperately on widely separated war’ fronts, faced another grave threat pronged Hunan offensive. The Japanese continued to advance on their objectives in what appeared to be a drive to capture the entire Canton-Hankow railway and thus strengthen themselves against pos.«;iblf' .^mrrican landings along me China coast. On the southwest wing of the rains crippled an aerial supply line from Yoyang. to the Mogaung valley.    i Thirty miles north-noiiheast of Chinese field dispatches said the Kungang the Japanese crossed the Japanese started a new soxithward Yangtze river In a sudden thrust drive from Yoyang lYochow) that near Shasi. threatening^augyjii,.    Somo 400 miles to the north oi Hunan, counter-attacking Chinese railway. The main body of InvaderR reported recapture of Lushan. In pushed another seven miles toward Honan province Chanesha. Important railway city, i Tlje Japnncso' alrrariv hold part Slangyin Is 30 miles north of Chan- ot (he north-south rnihvny as t gsha while the railway line Is about re.sull of the Honan IichlinR. 425 miles inland from the China |    Burma the .MliocI northern Lnnuvlo ^ cojTjniandrr l.t rion Joseph W. Other prongs of the Japanese of- stllwell. flew to M-.itkvinn and dJ-fensive thru.st westward toward rectrd his Ameruan and Chine.se vast Asiatic war theater Allied j central China s rich rice bowl and | {,-oQps {hey < improved their positions on | eastward into southern Hupeh | j^outhoast, stormed ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Naples. May 29—(AP)—The battle for Rome—first f^rcat capital of Nazi-dominated Europe to fall within range of Allied guns—raged with mounting fury tonight after an Allied wedge had been driven deeply into the enemy’s "last ditch” defense line less than 16 miles from the Eternal City. In a desperate effort to hold Rome at least until his battered forces far to the southeast could disengage and be withdrawn to the new line, P’ield Marshal Albert Kesselring poured reinforcements into a savage series of counterattacks along a 17-mile front from the vicinity of Valmontone on. the Via Casilina to Campoleonc at the edge of the Alban hills-These heavv counterblows slowed but did not halt the advance of Lt.~Gcn. Mark W. Clark’s British and American Fifth 'Army troops, who doggedly pressed their attack in the face of the flame thrower.s and withering artillery and small arms fire. Tile Vichy radio said the Allies had cut Italian highway No. 6— the Via Casilina which is the main avenue of retreat for the Germans on the center of the Italian front. The announcement did not give the location of the break, but the AUles are threatening Valmontone. 22 miles .<;outheast of Rome, and have had this route under artillery fire. Quoting Berlin military quarters the radio said that Germans fighting In the Llri valley still would be able to make their withdrawal over mountain paths. The Cairo radio said that Allied troops advancing toward Velletri had occupied Lanuvlo. four miles to the southwest. Rebels Seize Control of Ecuador City BULLETIN QUITO. Ecuador. May 29—.(;p) —President Carlos Arroyo Del Rio and all members of his . cabinet resigned tonight after a revolutionary junta seized power In Guayaquil. Ecuador^» main commercial city. A geH" eral strike had broken out herei apparently in support of the Guayaquil revolt in which' 40 persoos were reported killed after an uprising led by sapport'-ers of the exiled former President Velaseo Ibarra. bloody Myitkyina battlefields in , province'. On< northern Burma. But they suffer-I eastward frc ed reverses to the west of that main I crn Hupoli Japanese base as heavy monsoon \ westward to' prong reached 1 Yoyang into .^outh- ' .hile aiìotlìer pros.'^od ; ard Kungang. 75 mile.<> ' tioii ai n half thin fiboiit See CHINA. Pac** 10, Col. I HULl READY TO DISCUSS Air Force PERMANENT PEACE SET-UP I»«™™ Contact with the main Japanese forces, who had manned the Mok-mer-Sorido coastal defenses, is expected soon, the spokesman said. Japanese defenses near the three airdromes were believed strong and MacArthur's field commanders or- _______ __ ____ _    __________ dered thal the advance proceed ;    he saicl'.’We~'iast of the* fi\ slowly while rear positions were be- meetings was held this niorning ing consolidated WASHINGTON, May 20—f/P—In | is.sue a new nio\e toward prr\rnting a third world war, Secrctarv of Slate Cordell Hull announced tonight that the American government now i.s ready to discuss with Ru.ssia. Great Britain and Chin« the orsaniz.T-tion of a permanent peace agency. The announcement came at thf end of a series oi five meetings lie | Rfoup. headed held with a special senate advisory '    tD-Tex) committee and committeemen who i relations committee would comment tonigJit acclaimrd i support of the secretar\' Rod dr.M r This accounted for a gain of only a little more than a half-mile since the release of yesterday's communique. Some 200 miles back down the dutch New Guinea coast, other veterans of the Sixth army took the advantage in the struggle for the Mnffin bay airfield opposite from Wakde island, which was Invaded May 18. They occupied a height giving them artillery command over the field and Japanese resistance was reported fading. Far down the British New Guinea coast, the slow-moving Australian ground troops occupied Bunabun. ThLs is 140 miles southeast of We-wak. The Australians have been moving steadily up the coast, pinching b>-passed Japanese In tiie Wewak area, since they captured Madang April 25. tations for the talk.«; (o begin at the earliest convenience of the other nations. Hull's dLscussioiis with the senate committee were generally frank and as detailed as plans can be nt this stage, it was learnrd. Finallv a clear majority of the 8-man by Chairman Con-of the senate for- and thr Dnrst .wung to ' program ' coi but there were some differences of . a view, particularly on whether the So Hull described thr five .sp.^sions ; Pfi'cc organization should be .set up I ■■frank and trultfnl dl-scu.sslons'^ of ■ b^lore the peace It I.s to pro.serv tho principles and plans for an in ternational peace body and added “I am definitely nncouraged an( am ready to proceed, with the ap proval of the president, with in formal di.scussion^ on \'.i I.ONDON, May 29 vr.—Softonlng 1> r-nf‘in\ lui' .■^tron«:h in Romania, force Mrurk airdromes and    today, and fiis.'iW'ifd al Ica.st 60 planr,';, n Soviet mmmunlque an-iKiuncrd inni;:ht. noman is on tlir .sirrtul river and Husi on tlir Prut Both arr be-Carpat man mountaiivs Daniel'DC Ltice of the Associated Press reported in a front dispatch filed at 6:30 p. m. that American tanks were attacking German strongpolnts of armor, artillery and infantry on the slopes of the Alban j hills between Campoleone ai l)Olnt le.ss than miles southeast of Rome’s outskirts. , He said enemy coimteratlacks in from the prnploving as much as a battalion lainine.so po.si- „f („[amry and four 60-ton tigfr tanks at a crack were beaten back and that tank-led Allied Infantry liad made progress all dav. Allied headquarters announced that three of 18 German divisions engaged in the battle had been (ually de.stroyed since the Allied '    at forestalling the offen.sive began May 11. with more' tlinn 15.000 in prison cages. C'om- ! hat sfrength <i{ erienn' divi.sK/n.*:' now was estimated at 8.000 men. At thflr furthp.st surge lo the ^ «'-uto, capital oi Ecuador, Indlcat-fiorth and    brnrhhrad tmcrs ed fnaJ the government of Presl- wrrr flRhtinK torURht within 2,000    cailos Arrovo Del Rio re- yards of Valmontone. on Hie .vhell- !    ^ torn via CnMhua 20 milr.s ea.st and , .sllBhtly south of Rome Others wer^ . ' balUinc in tlie out.«5klrt.s of Vrllelri to Ovia>aquil GUAYAQUIL. Ecuador, May 29 — (AP)—Revolutionists organized a provisional junta iiere lonight after seizing control of this commercial nty in 10 hours of bitter street u()rislng. In which al least 40 persons were reported killèd, waa l‘'d by supporters of exiled former President Velasco Ibarra and was scheduled Aoekend presidential election. 'However, a dispatch from Bo-lota, Colombia, said word from movement wa5 fined «'onimunique. re- : )«“i monitor from Î •ast. saici aij the. .See ITALY, Pace 10, Col. 4 HSU Trustees Plan Expansion These differences led the secre-ry to phra.se hLs statement m surh manner that It reflected tio cnm-I mitment.s on the parts of ilir sena-in- tor,-., althcmch their genrral su;>-Iiort allowed him to cx^ire.v.s a hearty with Gieat Britain. Ru,ssia and enrauraBenient China, and then with Rnvernmcnts    pro:;ram. as outlined to them, of other United Nations."    centered around creation oi a b'riit- It was learned that he doe.«; not , Nations council of Ru.ssih, the have the president's approval yet 1 United States. Britain and Chiii.,. but expects to got it immediately I    assembly incJuriini? all whereupon, it is expected, he will ■ nation.s. airdriji hin. ¡«id tlie Soviet,«;, i-aircraft fire ; .several homb- Plan for expansion of activities In the $5fXi,0(K) building and endowment drive were laid ye.«^terdav at tlie anual meeting r>t the Har-din-Slmm(>n< board of trvistees, man    followuis* the .‘S2nd annual htHe ^Of^'^niencern-ni than .'caid 3.1 rnemv planf rJowíí jn ;»ir romba' rraft fire Sundav rd .siicce.ssful air supplies and rai) areas of Shepetovk ,v had been .sliol or ijy anti-an-hc Nazis claim-tarks on Soviet stations in the I and Korosten ,I D was re-elef as chairmx Roberts, H elected vic' Ledbetter v dof Brerkei 1 to hLs iourtli of the board Inck Home, w liairman and named again f Baird Stockman III BAIRD, May 29—FarrLs Bennett, local stockman. L«;* reported in a critical condition in the Callahan County Hospital. V. s. DEPARTMENT OF rOMMERCt .    WEATHER niJREAr ABILENE ANn ViriNiTV: P.rttv r.lourty tod»y mnd Wednesday: ucatler-thundtrshnu'ert. ^FWEST TEXAS; ParUy cloudy Tue»-dav and Wednesday. EAST TEXAS: ParlJy r«ludy Tties-day and Wednesday; widely scattered «thundershowers north portion and near urP«' caasl Tuesday, TEMPERATURES HOUR B-17-EXPL0DES NEAR COLEMAN, ENTIRE CREW 'CHUTES SAFELY COLEMAN, May 29—(Spl.)—Nine ;rewmen of a B-17 from the Pyote air base parachuted to safety late Monday only a few seconds before their plane exploded, three miles south of Valera, between Coleman and Ballinger. They were en route to San Angelo. Wreckage of the plane, in ap-daT^ ' proximatelv 20 pieces, was strewn over an area four miles square, and Sunrise this morninr: Sunset tonlebt: S:39. was 15 miles from the sight of the accident, said he saw the plane fall. Crew members were quoted as saying that while the plane was 20,000 feet up the number two motor caught fire. The pilot attempted to land, but finally the men all bailed out. Time of the accident was established at 5:40 p. m. Public relations officers at the Coleman flying the explosion was seen and heard school had not released the names for seveyal miles. One person who I of the crew members Monday night. June 1st THE REPORTER-NEWS CIRCULATION OFFICE WILL CLOSE AT 7:30 P. M. Please call before that time if you miss your copy of the Evening paper ■k * Open now until 8 P. M. *• * The Number is 7271 KIMMEL DEMANDS OPEN COURT MARTIAL 'AT EARLIEST DATE' , rebels' retary-treasurer    i Appai The trustee.s received report,«, that j,-; Qua; about $125,iX)0 lias been pledged in ’ u.it hf)ut ¡the building and endowment drive, taking I $25,000 of it being paid and the country WASHINGTON. Mav 20    — i pre.mc Court Ju.-tice Declaring the •'whole storv of Pearl erts. whicli made í Harbor" has not been to)fl. Rear ! Pearl Harbor dl-^a.^te Admiral HvLsband E. Kimmel has The Japane.se un demanded a "free, open and pub-j plete surprise to tl lie” court martial "at the earliest ¡and they failed to practicable date,” it was dLsclosed ‘ dLspositi ■tud commander nake sultabl ch an attack today Kimmel's demand was made in a letter released by Senator Ferguson <R-Mich) as the Senate Judiciary committee voted to act next Monday on Ferguson's resolution fixing Sept. 8 as the deadline for the trial’s start. Tlie House rules committee meon-w'hile approved legislation •directing” that Kimmel. Maj. Gen. Walter C. Short and any others charged with responsibility lor this nation’s greatest military dusaster be held before June 7. 1945 Each failed properly the seriousness of ihe Kimmel, writing from Bronxvllle. N. Y-, dcclared’he was barred from some hearings before the Roberts commission. Ferguson also released a copy of a letter Kimmel wrote to the late Navy Secretary Prank Knox on Sept. 7, 1943. Accompanying thLs letter wos a waiver of the statute of llmltations-The admiral said he did not sign Ih: waiver in the form submitted to him by the secretary, but chang- Kimmel referred to the presi-i ed it to assure that my hearing dentlal commission headed by Su- ' would be in open court." pledged for I within Uie nt \t few monlh.'^. Th«' toiHi uu huU'.s $.^,0.000 ficm the Abilene Baptist churches and $!>(),000 [from a urafiuate and fiis wife, (he 1 latter gift being announced at tlie Rob- Saturday niKht banquet of the Ex-the Students a.svociation. Eacli of Dir trustees promi.srd to cooperate in .-;ecuring substantial contnbut ion.v from friends of Har-din-Slmmon.s in Texas and neighboring staie.s Discussion also was aluate ' had on emplryment of a field rep-Uuatlon. ’ 1 reseniatlve to devote his full lime to the campaign. Trustees present at Monday’s meeting were. J. D. Sandefer, Jr.; John H. Alvls. George S. Anderson, Mrs. W. J. Behrens, C. M Caldwell, T, C. Carswell. T. C. Campbell. E. M. Collier. C. C. Cowden, the Rev. M. A, Jeiikens. Tom Robert.s, Jame.s P. Stinson and W. B. Wright, all of Abilene; Dr. Otis E. English, Lubbock; Raymond W. Foy, Dallas; Rupert H. Johnson. New York city; John J Kelter. Throckmorton; and th* Ref, Thomas A. Patterson, Dallas. After rebel troops seized the nilli-tnry police barracks in Guayaquil, the revolutionist's set up their pro-vL'iional government junta, which Is holding meetings at a government building- lt.s members are Fran-ci.s<o Arlzaga Luque, Alfonso Lar-rea ,Mba, Efrain Camacho Santos, Pedif) Antonio Saao, Angel Pelicl-.«.imo Rojas, Pedro Pablo Eguez Baquerlzo and Capt. Sergio Enrique C'liron Rpports from Quito said a general sfi ikr had broken out in the tapititl, apparently in support oi (ho rrvnluilonisU at Guayaquil, and thal public demonstrations were avraiiKed a.s backers of the tratlon-s upported can-or president clashed In the wiih adherents of the -andldate. ently the junta was set Up aquil by the revolutionists knowledge of what was place in the rest of the The authorities here have been tak- Tom re- :. W «frrTf^ O r e r commimications from Quito Hti.te that President Arroyo i.s Inking steps to control the slt-iiatu.n here, but thus far the re,v-olutionists appear to have charge, of the city. 'The Bogota correspondent said that on the basis of news received from Quito, the situation ab Guayaquil remains uncertain while ■•with regard to the rest of the country the government reports tranquility and says it is in complete control.” iThe correspondent Bald the government had reported in the capital that more than 50 had been killed and 100 injured atj Guayaquil. According to .the .gov-; enimenfs information, the cara-bineros (military i^llce) resjst^ vigorously, but infantrymen T and; revolutionists burned barracks ariH' other buildings.)    - t For some time radio-and' -tele-.; graphic communications betweaU 'Quito and Guayaquil had been^cuU ;