Sunday, May 28, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 28, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE Since Pearl Harbor May Quota May "WITHOUT OK WITH OFPENSK TO OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COL'S.'-Bvroit SUNDAY VOL. LXIII, NO. 345 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 28, 1944-THIRTY-TWO PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associate! Press (AP) United Prea (V.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Infantrymen Invade New Pacific Island Heavy Shellfire Pours Into Nazis' Escape Route ALLIES GAIN STEADILY 'ALONG 80-MILE FRONI ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May [American armored forces fought their way into the town of Artena, only 2 1-2 miles from the strategic Casilina highway, and tonight began pouring a heavy shellfire'into this main escape route for eight German divisions comprising the bulk of the Nazi forces below Rome. While American tanks and field guns kept the'enemy 'Retreat line under fire, other American Fifth Army forces in their closest drive toward Rome threatened the town of Velletrij 18 miles from the outskirts of the capital. Velletri already was shrouded in smoke from blazing fires. The Germans, apparently larmed over the plight of leir large forces to the south- asl, threw reserves into the ght to keep the Americans rom blocking the all-impor- ant Via Press Corres- Hardin-Sitnmons Given For Memorial Gift of to the Har- dm-Simmons university 000 building and endowment fund by an ex-student and his wife was announced last night by J. D. Sandcfer Jr., at the annual banquet of the Ex- Engineers Fifth's Recons By GEORGE TUCKER EIGHTH EVACUATION HOS- PITAL, Fifth Army in Italy, May Army combat engin- eers pulled a fast one on their pals of an advance Fifth Army recon- thereby par- ticipated In the historic handshak' Ing when junction with the Ahzio beachhead forces was made two 'days ago. _. Pic. Daniel P. Duffy, Charlestown laughed as he told how the engineers had "city-slic'ked" the reconnaissance group which fc.r daj's had been counting on being the first to-break through and greel the advance beachhead "Recori" couldn't get by untlf we the' said-puffy now confined to'the hospital with pneumonia, an illness he had dis regarded to be In on the big show "We would arrive at a.bridge jus after it had been blown up by thi That's how close we wer behind them. When we got to th last culvert scores of Italians swarmed around cheering and help Ing us fill the road. Since ther wasn't anything for our platoon t -do we hurried up 'the road and mad 'contact with the beach forces." Twenty minutes later the recon nalssance group roared up. "I've never seen a madder outf than when they found we'd alread done the.handshaking and had ou pictures Duffy said, addln that the captain was "as mad _as wet hen." 11 'this is the lousiest trick I eve heard the engineer quoted th captain as saying. iondent Daniel De Luce wrote rom the front tonight. In the town of Artena American oughboys were waging a house-to- IOUEC battle with Ihe Germans, Do ;Uce reported. Arlena, itself an im- lortant road junction behind the etreating Nazi army was cached after a spectacular drive 3f nine miles in one day. De Luce said the Germans had attempted a 'sharp counter-attack :m the secondary highway between Velletri and Arteria but that Amer- can artillery was covering the Via 'asilina and shells were falling on ierman positions 15 miles from The Allied armies advances stead- ly along the entire 80-mile active >ont today, American Fifth Army forces forjtne a ring around the Pon- tlne. marshes through' the momitain town of Sme, the largest town jrcl taken in'-ihe Allied offensive, developing a second threat to Ihe main Ger- man forces. Capture 'of Seize brought the Americans squarely up against a new defense line which two German divisions have tried to establish in the .Lepini hills northeast of the majshes to protect the flanic of the German troop.' in the valley and their principal route of retreat along the Via Casilina toward Rome. The main bodies of the two Fifth Army forces, whose patrols joined earlier In the weefi, now were .less than 10 miles apart. The Germans, apparently growing desperate about the plight of their forces at the center of the front near the junction of the American Sec ITALY, Tg. 13, Col. Student association. Sandefer, chairman of the HSU board of trustees, did not announce the name of the donors. The will be paid over a period of several months and b to be applied on construction 'of a Memorial Bunding, In memory of Dr. Jefferson Davis Sandefer, for 34 years president o Hardin-Slmmons. The cjonors wer< very dose friends of Dr. Sandefe! and his family. The sift raised the total pledged sofar in the campaign to Previously Baptist churches of Abilene had pledged and others had pledged about Of this amount more than has been paid. The drive waa launched earl; :hls year, and will be extende' through the fall. Plans call for use of to endowments and for build ing. the Sandefer Memorial bein the principal building planned During the summer various mem bers of the Hardin-Simmons ministratlve staff and friends of th university plan to visit churches o Texas to outline objectives of th campaign and to show how Chris tian education may be supporte through contributions. 'Most of th Baptist churches in the Abilene v cinlty expect to participate fa th program. Caldwell Asks For Bond Buyers War Finance chairman C. I Caldwell appealed to Taylor coun- I :armers Expect 5fWOfMOCrop Because of Rain By HARRY HOLT Nurtured by the week-long gentle rains, the scrawny small grain crop of a blustery April is going to turn into a full-fledged golden harvest in June a harvest that will put at least five million clink- ing dollars in the pockets of The fields of half-ripe wheat to- day are waving In a inllo May breeze only because of patience of farm- ers who still believe the law of av- erage allows them to make enough wheat to keep their seed. These same windy spring days thai finally de- livered a face-lifting rain lapped the grain crop, to within a hair's breadth of destruction, for during the first 10 days of this month most growers were on Ihe veige of grazing the fields to salvage what Ihey could. LEAP 200 MILES NEARER PHILIPPINES, EAST INDIES By LEONARD MILL1MAN Associated Press War Editor American infantrymen fought their way ashore on Biak island in the Schouten group yesterday in another 200 mile leapfrog advance toward the western tip of New Guinea, established a firm beachhead began driving three Japanese airdromes. "For strategic purposes this marks the end of the New Guinea Gen. Douglas MacArthur said in an- nouncing the action today. "We have now secured bases of departure for an advance to the vital areas of the Philippines CLARK DECORATES LAWN keepers of the picture reproduced above arc Mr. and Mrs. M. A. Patter- son of Lawn. It shows Gen. Mark Clark, commander of the American 5th Army in Italy, pinning the Silver Siar medal upon their son, Sgt. Robert E. Tank Destroyer latttilion. The picture was taken in Italy March ll. 'Ser- jeant Patlcrson volunteered three years ago, was placed'in Ihe division at Camp Bowie, and has served with the 'Texas" outfit continuously, including all the North African and Italian campaigns, ilis 15-year-old son resides with his parents at Lawn. Berlin, French' Coast The picture didn't change ovcr- ilght, but It did over a 10-day per- od, beginning May id when the irst general rains fell. Since then heve has hardly been a let-up and he cool weather afforded during hat time has allowed kernels of wheat, _oats and barley to stretch heir rusty sides under the protect- ng umbrella of dripping clouds. iVhen tile sun returns, they will have stretched to the point that the rain harvest In 12 West Texas counties will be about double what t would have otherwise been, and nboul three times the 1013 yield. A survey of the 12 counties shows hat there are approximately 200.000 acres of wheat to be harvested and it is estimated that the yield 'will average from nine to 10 bushels per acre, or a wheat crop. The Income from oats will almost that of due. to the higher yield of spring oats and the favor- tians Saturday night "to "take LONDON, Sunday, May great Allied'pre- invasion aerial offensive, which sent nearly bombers and fighters thundering agairtst Hitler's transportation sys- tem yesterday, roared on past midnight with alerts sounding in Berlin and the English shores shaking from violent explo- sions along the French coast. The Folkestone area, across the narrow Strait, of Dover I fighters-getting 36. from France, got one of its' Apparently the Allied aerial' at- 1 tacks were being carried on Into and the Netherlands East Indies. American and Australian cruisers and destroyers en- gaged in arr artillery duel with shore guns before infantry- men landed in the face of Japanese mortar and automa- tic weapon fire. Some of the Allied naval craft were dam- aged iri the exchange between the big guns, but infantry losses were reported light. From their beachhead, a seven mile fight raced the landing forces before they could reach the near- est of Blak's three airdromes, the center of an enemy's aerial hornet's nest. The heavy naval and air bom- bardment which preceded Ihe in- vasion cut American losses, but did not prevent the Japanese from put ting up a strong defense both against the landing and the start of the march inland. From Btak's airdromes Mac- Arlhur's bombers would bp within easy bombing range of the Philippines, 900 miles to the northwest. "Results of the offensive launched In this theater eleven months MacArlhur said, "have more than fulfilled my most optimistic expectations.1' Two hundred miles back of the latest Invasion, sharp fighting wa reported around' the Maffiri sir greatest joltings of the war- the slack" in the county's bond shaking, furniture _ still more than S100.000 short ol j bouncing and _ doors banging again and again from the vi- MAJOR EQUALS GENTILE MARK LONDON. May James A. Goodson, commander of a P-51 Mustang squadron, has destroyed ID planes in the air and 15 on the ground- equalling the mark of 30 for this theater set by Capt. Don Gentile of Fiqua, Ohio. Goodson's record was disclos- ed today when he'was among five American airmen decorat- ed by Lt. Gen. Carl A. Epaatz, commander of U. S. Strategic Air Forces, at Air Force head- quarters. Munitions Output Behind Schedule WASHINGTON, May Munitions production in April dropped 3 percent1 behind schedule percent under March. The War Production board, re- porting this today, -described the slump as "a definite lag behind the rising schedule which was planned from March until and not a continuation of the planned decline in January and February. Chairman Donald M. Nelson re- vealed for the first time that the production goal for 1944 has been cut to "somewhat less than from the original ob- jective of the mouth's S231.700 quota. Maj sales stood at approximately Slll.OM yesterday. In a statement to The Reporter- News, Mr. Caldwell said: "I'm sorry we didn't make the quota in April and am just express- ing hope thaS the good citizens of Taylor county will rally to the need of our government ar.d especially our men in service and put over the May quota. "We arc more than short. T believe there are persons in Taylor county who could buy an bond now. I believe there are who could buy a bond. I believe there are who could buy a S75 bond. 100 a bond and 50 a S750 bond. This would put us way over the quota. Let's do tliat, friends, for our boys.' Slain Doctor Had Gun, Witness Says WASHINGTON. May Testimony that Dr. John E. Lind had been seen with a gun in a large envelope on three occasions In 1933 was introduced today by counsel for Robert I. Miller, accused of murder- ing the doctor. Shortly before the defense rested its case, Archie K. Shipe, an attor ney and surprise witness, testified that In professional contacts with Dr. Lind five years ago he had seen the doctor with a gun which resem- bled one found in an envelope in LIr.d's car February 21 when he was shot and killed on u dos-nt street. of the cross-channel explosions. Flares and bomb explosion flashes lit the chan- nel sky. The attack yesterday was one of .he greatest coordinated blows ever struck from bases and Italy as wave after wave of bomb- ers and fighters roared over the European continent. A DNB broadcast said Berlin had nad a half-hour alert when Allied bombers approached from the north along the Elbe estuary. Hamburg ako had an alert of about the same duration and Allied activity over the industrial Rrtine- land and Westphalia was reported. However, at 4 a. m. (9 p. m.CWTi the German air force network re- ported the Reich was clear of raiders. M least 12 important railroad junctions, five airfields, two air- craft'repair factories and sever- al railroad bridge uerc among the blasted by ivcil over tons of steel. Some of the attackers encounter- ed fighter oppositicn while others mads their raids unmolested, the U. S. Eighth Air Force said in an- nouncinj that 24 bombers and seven fighters were missing. In addition 11 U. S. medium bombers were lost in other phases of the widespread assault. At least 43 Nazi planes were shot down in the main attacks by the Heeling' flying from Britain, bomber gunners claiming 13 and escorting the night. Air raid warnings were sour.ded in the Berlin area and the radi6 slallcns In other cities told of the penetration of enemy planes into the Reich. A possibility that Ihe Medi- terranean air force was striking Into the Balkans at night also was indicated 35 the Budapest radio left Ihe air before mid- night. From Britain a force of ap- proximately American heavy bombers and fighters struck deep Info France and Germany in a six-prongtrl at- tack on Rhineland rail hubs and aircraft factories and'airdromcs. At the same time fighter-escort- ed American "heavies" based in Italy thundered into southeastern France for the third straight day lashing at rail installations. In heavy blows at Nlmcs, Avignon and Marseille.. Between 750 and Liberators and Fortresses from Britain pound' ed German rail centers at Mann helm, Ludwigshafcn, SaarbrucXcn and Karlsruhe, tho Rhineland in dustrial city 150 miles north of Mu nich. They dumped some tons o explosives on the LudwiRfhafcn rai yards, at yards in southwest Ger many and on aircraft engine repal plants tn the French cities of Met and Strasbourg. The Allied Expeditionary Al Force sent hundreds of lighte craft against Hitler's wcstwall de tenses from British bases, and th. Paris radio said three. suburban districts of the lormer French cap- ital were among the targets. able price for the layer Itc of ill livestock The estimated yields by counties runs froni five find bushels In Nolan and Scurry counties, where the drouth was more prolonged, to 12 to 15 bushels.for Callahan, Run- nels nnd Coleman counties. Many fields of wheat that will make 20 bushek per acre were reported. This report, obtained from AAA offices, where farm figures are com- piled, show that there are approxi- mately acres'more wheat, In the 12 counties than in 1843 and hat the acreage of oats is consid- rablv larger. Runnels county has Ihfi largest theat acreage, acres, which is 10.0CO acres larger than a year ago. Triple-A commlttcemen in that county placed the county-wide yield at 12 to 15 bushels. Oats arc not as ;ood as wheat and harvest of tins crop had started before the rain, with buyers coming to the' farmer's 'ield and paying 75 cenls per bushel 'or the feed. Haskell county has a large acreage See GRAIN CHOr, Fg. 13, Col. 1 sland Invasion Cloves Smoothly, On Old Pattern BY ASAHEL BUSH Press War Correspondent U. S. ARMY HEADQUARTERS, Dutch New Guinea, May Thrice the A20 whipped low over Ihe beachhead and from the cock- pit we could see the Invasion of Btak island proceeding along L growlngly familiar pattern. It was two hours after the Initial wave of veteran hit the shore. Already troops fanning out along the tree-lined coast on southeastern Blak. One large column progressed at least mile and a half along R road running west toward Bosnek vil- lage nnd the yellow coral Mokner airstrip beyond. There were beach fires In two places. Blak is a large Island, with plenty of space for the enemy to regroup and reorgan- ize. The prospects are. for at least a strong defense In Ihe vicinity of the airfields.' II. S, Sixth army troops cap turcil-qusntltles-of "equlpmfeit.' couriled 225 dead 'Japanese aroundT Japanese war lords have launch- ed a new offensive in central The new series of attacks was porled yesterday by. Chungking. Fighting broke out in three sectors Set BIAK, PC. 13, Col. 8 Ihe Weaiher t'. 5. IIEPARTMF.S'T Or COM.MtRCt WEATHER BUREAU AIIILEXE AND VICIXITV: Conild- rloudlneii lotfar and Mondar. Scattered sbeutri and (fcunderilarmi EAST TEXAS: tlnudl- flCJi Sundar .Mondjj-. Sctlterei inowers and thunderstorm! Sun6aw and in r.orlh and upper coatl jrea Monday. Krfih wlndi on the ctait. HIST TEXAS: Cenildtrable rloodl. nesi Sundar. wllri irallercd ahotreia and Ihunderihoweii In Del and eail or the Peeoa ilrer. Waco Man Dies Swimming Here Grady Fulbrlght Jr., 23, of Waco, died at the American Legion swim- ming pool at noon Saturday. Boys who were with him said he was sitting on the diving board and fell off backwards, hitting the water very hard. He was under the surface, they said, for about a minute before they realized he was not clowning. They dived for him. and first alders, policemen and firemen were summoned. Dr. Erie b. Sellers, who was call- ed to the pool said it was not deter- mined whether the boy drowned, or died from Injury received when he j fell. Artificial respiration was given for about an hour and 15 minutes. The body, was taken to Laughter From a 200-foot was little T zone beyond the'Amerlca'fi'-Ufii _ advance.' BosrieX village, so'me. miles west of the beachhead, ap- peared fgrsakeru At the Mokmer airstrip, another four miles west, the .runway, taxi- ways and dispersal areas looked completely devoid .vehi- cles, stores or any-usual Impedi- menta cluttering Borokoe airdrome, second.of the chain of three Blak strips, was vis- ible in the distance. It too appeared desolated. At a, m., barge-borne Infan- try from destroyer transports first )ii! Ihe beach east of BosneX vil- lage. They were followed by In- fantry from landing craft which were able to tie up to Japanese- built jetties, and send troops ashore without getting a single foot wet. The secondary landing was made at Cape Garfia. east of Bosnek, to right flank of the funeral home. An ambulance pa llv clou dr. d South Plain Sal. AM frl. IIOl'R er In Pan- Sal. I'M and Hatch of Waco was to come 'or the body Saturday night. Fulbright, born Oct. 12, 1920. was aunt, Mrs. Roy Caw- ,hon, 1002 Palm. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Grady Fulbright of Waco. No funeral arrangements had marie Saturday night. r.n 11 nd IIVM- In 9 and Uw fame dale Tall and rt lall nlchl: S.37. iie Ihli mnrnlni: Sunirt lonfcM: Rainfall .03. IliCh m. 70 Hifh tar; fill S S BIG PUSH-SWEATING, PRAYING, SWEARING, SHAKING ny KENNETH 1.. DIXOX [the night Ihnmsh bsrbcd they close In on xo.i shaking m 0 ITS MONSOON TIME period of Jieavy, relentless on its way again in (lie Biirmn- India theater to slow It mean; listening to xreams of the Bounded and not being able to turn tuck to help them and vou're not sure that tnavi'.o it easier to keep It means stepping on bodies k'lit aril ovf-r fir nrntmt! them In iiyiighl smi? are r.raly slalr xx'.ifs but not all: some are li'.o.At- from Wilkerson protect the beachhead. The Japanese fired anti-air- craft guns from ridge Volitions behind the bench. The. first and second waves ilrew enemy fire. By tbe lime our planes ar- rived, the destroyers and criils- trs iihlch delivered Ihe prt- landing bombardment were fir- Ing Into the hills. Apparently the ground forces found other enemy gun positions on a low wooded hill behind mer. Cur fight of Bostons from the "devil's own" unit were asked to work them over. The pilot of the "Tiny Might" swept the length of the hill in a quick survey run, then twice re- traced the route, each time unloos- ing bombs and streams of machine gun fire. Other In the flight See EVE WITNESS, Ft. IS, A GERMAN rmSOXKRS WATCH ALLIED eel mmln.s of men who died fight-j prisoners of sit the roausirtc watching as Allied ar- ir.g these sectors months vehicles spccrl onward to form that junction between Fifth and Eighth Armies, against which they had fought j u rtu .imn ..-n i n ov ui vtr. t to. the advance the barragw begin .face tile horror of wha: happened in friendly ind enemy bodies. madly tor so many months. (NLA