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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 23, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE fince Pearl Harbor May Quota May gbilme Hotter VOL. LXIII, NO. 340 A TEXAS WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT xnocinkd (AP) ABILENE; TEXAS TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 23, 1944-TWELVE PAGES Vnlttt Prat (Vf.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Air Battle Rages Over Europe '____________----------1 _ Fight Hears Climax 38 Swedish, firms Added To Blacklist WASHINGTON, May the drive to have Sweden cut off bal bearing shipments to Ger Jjnany, the government's black- list committee voted today to add 38 additional Swedish firms to the list of companies which are assisting the Ger- man war effort. 0 These 33 firms, raising to 426 the total number of Swedish firms on the-black list, will not be added technically until publication of the regular blacklist supplement, June 2. Normally their names would not been announced until that date, almost two weeks away, and announcement at this time consti- tuted an extraordinary action by the Interdepartmental proclaimed list committee which governs the listing of all concerns. A Swedish official said most of the nimes on the list were Geman companies known lo be branches of Axis firms. branches of German cos- film and porcelain com- panies were as well as a German- school and a Hungarian export office. name of the.-SKF company, Sweden's.leading ball bearing facturer.'does hot appear on the list 38 reported by the committee to? day and this-was''Interpreted rneati' 'trial'' officials here -are'- still optimistic regarding1 the outcome "of negotiations with the "Stockholm government, SKP and other com- panies directly concerned In the to Germany which the United States, Britain and Russia are trying to have slopped. NAZIS RALLY 10 FORCE YANKS FROM TERRACINA ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May German high command threw all the reserves at its imme- diate disposal into a counter-offensive against the Allied ad- vance today and succeeded in driving the vanguard of Amer- ican forces out of Terracina, coastal gateway to the Pontine plain 58 miles from Rome. Fierce fighting raged along the entire front as the last of 17 Nazi divisions (perhaps men) below Rome mediately-north of the Italian capital entered what may prove the climactic struggle for Italy. An Allied spokesman de- clared the enemy had "nothing left in reserve south oi Rome." American patrols entered Terracina yesterday almosl without a fight and it appeared the Germans were in ful flight along the coastal sector, but the force of today's coun- erattack caused the Yanks tc withdraw from the town am ake up positions two to three miles to the northeast, on the road to Fondi. Inland, however, American troops vere reported continuing their ad- through the mountains, while Those companies which were named were not Identified either as to possible American connection, or to importance or produc- tion in Sweden. The official explanalion for mat Ing the list public at this'.time was that there was so much public in- terest in blacklist operations with to Sweden that the com- littee felt it should be given out Wakde Airstrip Is in Operation ADVANCED ALLIED HEAD- QUARTERS, New Guinea, Tuesday, May 23 Troop- carrier planes began landing on the Wakde air- strip on the. north coast of Dutch New Guinea 43 hours after Amer- ican Sixth Army troops drove ashore on Thursday to establish an airbase IIO miles closer the Philippines from conquered Hollandia. Gen. Douglas MacArthur, an- nouncing today that the Wakde airdrome was in operation, said that although the Yanlcs had little ficully wiping, but -the Japirtest opposlflmi y rriy in their drlvc'toward'Maf- n' bay 'and Sarmi, !each oi which as an airstrip. The enemy's accurately-placed mortar fire was .impending the mericans attempting to expand heir Tor river bridgehead, he said, mt Allied heavy artillery wheeled C: i immediately. Beyond this, however, It was known that there was some appre henston here lest Swedish business men and officials fall to realize th with which the United States Is pressing current negotia tions over ballbearings and othc steel items vital to Germany's wa effort. PKAYER BEFORE dramatic effect, dawn breaks over the bow of a U. S Coast Guard comb'at cutter protecting an Allied convoy as it enters the Atlantic war zone Grouped in forecastle, under big guns, Coast Guardsmen pray and sing hymns in services conducted by Lt. (jg) Stewart Rankin, Navy chaplain. (USCG photo from "Chinese Admit of Lushin CHUNGKING, May Chinese high command acknow- ledged tonight the fall of Lushin, Honan province city only 18 miles from the Shensl border, as Japan- forces appeared to be gather- Ing cither for a drive of Tungkwan, gateway to northwestern China, or to attempt to flank and cut off Chinese troops stationed in the area. Olhcr Japanese forces driving to- Qrard Tungkwan along the Lunghal rail line from the cast, however, were reported to have been stalled at Tayang, 43 miles east of Tung- kwan. East of the Tungkwan-Lushlh where Chinese forces are Counter-attacking the Jap anesc wedge into Honan province along the Peiping-Hankow rail line, the Chinese reported their forces had recaptured the towns of Sinantlen and Weichwan, and Lushan, the fovisional capital. Private advices said, however, the Japanese were bringing in rein1 forcements both at Canton and Hankow, evidently for another of- fensive to wrest the whole of the rail line which would, in effect tklit China In half. In western China, the high com- mand announced, additional Chin- ese forces have crossed the Salween riven In support of the offensiv aimed at Joining Lt.-Gen. Joseph S. Stilwell's forces In Burma an< opening a supply route from In dia to China. p behind the lines was breaking p enemy positions. Fierce fighting continued on the lainland nearby as Japanese mor- ars held up the American advance n the Tor river sector and Allied riillery pounded enemy positions at Maffin bay. Revised American casualty figures were given as 41 killed, 135 wound- ed and one missing in the Wakde- Sarmi sector. This compared with 833 counted enemy dead in this rea. The Wakde airdrome is 1100 miles from Davao, principal city of the southern Philippines. The Wakde airstrip Is feet long, heeded on coral, and invasion engineers cs timated it could he lengthened t n T' alterri ocii'.'to Ignition switches on both cars wert jammed, and windows of Nichol- son's were broken. Russell Opposed to 'New Pension Scheme' Britain r'lWo IrrMrHT contlnlii the pounding' of grounc defenses, engaging enemy alrcraf over their own fields, and strafing locomotives, trains and railroad bridges in enemy-occupied Bel gium. More than 350 flfhltr planes of HIE Ninth Air Force In a dusk mission bombed rlllyanls at Bcthmie and Mtzlfrcs In France and airfields near Fieau- monl, Charlres and Tours, Trance, and olhcr fields In licl- Ihe Nails lo conccnlrale un anti-aircraft defenses at Ihe ex- pense of their offensive polen- llal, hail saddled them wllll "a terrible load of hid compelled them to rely on uncertain foreign sources for such Important material as ball bearing, and had brought about a progressive dispersion of vi- tal German Industry. "Air power. In brief, has forced Germany and its Industry to assume a purely defensive he said. "We're going to keep right on bomb- ing them, xxx We have now begun to converge on Japan, too. from all points of the compass." Thunderbolt, Lightings and Mus- tangs, escorting 250 Flying Fort- Ste AIR WAH, Tag. 3, Col. 6 routing missions now. Gen. reported that German fighter aircraft Industry has been at the top of the bomb- Ing list, and that more than enemy planes had been destroyed, "We have wrecked most of their aircraft plants." he added, "and damaged others with one thousand- ton attack after another." He said air power had forced WASHINGTON, May 2 bill to benefit persons who helped build the Panama canal was adopt- ed today by the house, after mem- bers described II variously as "a new pension scheme" and "action to pay a Just debt to men who Im- periled their lives for their govern- ment. Rep. Bland CD-Va) asserted "it is a matter of justice lo procvlde for these old but Elep. Russell ID-Texas) replied "there is no rea- son on earth to pension these men who considered themselves luck) to get Ihe high wages they did down there." Eye-Witness Accounts Say- Nazi Shooting of Allied 'Mass Murder' Ballinger Soldier Dies of Wounds BALLINGER, May 22-CSpI) Pic James E. Powers, son of Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Powers, died In an American hospital In Italy May 1, according to a telegram to the par- ents from the War Department. No details were given, the mes- sage1 adding that a letter would fol- low. Private First Class Powers was wounded in action In Italy In Jan- uary. In a recent letter from their son. he had stated that he soon would he out of the hospital. Bodies of Fort Crew Are Found COLORADO SPRINGS. Colo., May bodies of JO crewmen, whose Flying Fortress was missing from the ClovLi. N. Mex.. Air Base since Feb. 26. were found yesterday 10 miles west of Larkspur, Colo., by the search and rescue sec- tion of the Second Air Force. William Lewis Jr.. station commandant at Peterson field, said Ihe plane was on a routine nonstop Clovls-to-Denver flight, and It crashed while en rocc home. The wreckage was spotted by a civil air patrol filer. The dead: I Second Lt. Joseph J. Beeson Jr., pilot: Washington, D. C. Second Lt. Barry B. Davis, co- pilot; Philadelphia. Second Lt. Jack T. Laird, bom- bardier; husband of Mrs. J. T. Laird. 900 SheMon St.. Clovis, and oi LMrd. 53Q Main St., OPA's Power to Orders Upheld by Supreme Court Whcless Gets DFC COLORADO SPRINGS. Colo., Jfcvy Lt. Col. Hewitt T. Imeless of Menard, Texas, whose sky fight with 18 Japanese planes In 1941 was cited by President Roosevelt as an example of Ameri- can heroism and skill, has been Ihe Distinguished Flying li.r and the Air Medal. LONDON, Tuesday, May 23 A Stockholm dispatch to The Dally Express fald today a detailed account of the killing In March of 41 British ar.d Allied prisoners of war by the Nazis showed the "mas- sacree x x x did not take place In a clash between prisoners and guards, but w-as carried out by groups of guards who lost their heads and shot prisoners haphazard- ly in barracks, courtyards and work- The Dally Express correspond- ent, B. D. Master-man, said the Brit- ish pilots who escaped and reached Sweden gave ere-witncss accounts of the affair on which an official report, based on their staterncnts Is expected within a few days. "I understand it will be one of the most shocking stories of the he wrcle. Masterson wrote that he had ieamed the witnesses "most em- phatically refute the German al- legation that the prisoners were shot when rushing toward gates which Ihey tried to force." and said neither inquiry r.or trial preceded the killings. "The shoollngs lasted several days." he added, "although most of the officers were shot March 23 x x. were apparently due to breakdown of German discipline and morale. Witnesses stale: 'Dur- ing the past months most of (he guards at Stalagluft III i German priscn behaved like luna- The first word in Britain nf the shootings came May 13 from the Swiss government, the protecti-.-.g ower. Lord Beaverbrooks Express, the largest newspaper In England, headlined the story: -Prison camp shootings were mass and a subhead said "Guards ran wild for three days and shot men all ver camp." Throushout Britain feelings ;t hatred against the Nazis mounted over the shooting of Ihe 47 officers, who included six Canadians ar.d four Polish aces. Bulgaria Reported In Grip of Crisis LONDON, May reports leaching London pictured Bulgaria today In the grip of growing crisis with Hitler making new war aid demands and the Rus- sians warning against acquiescence. German demands, described in.uus ....v. fome reports as a ultimatum. I materials from them sands .it gallons lo consumers witn- Kalamain i-Alls, Second Lt. Harry L. Barry, navi- gator: Columbus, Ohio. Fiipht Olficcr Fred Gentry, en- gineer: husband of Mrs. F. C. Gen- try 510 Mitchell St.. Clovis. and: son of Mrs. Lucille Gentry, 636 West Harrison St.. Decatur. 111. Corp. Ralph C. Judah, radioman, lob, Kans. Cofy. James F. Perry, fire con- trol operator. Charlotte. N. C. .1. Fend rick, gun- ner; Edgemere. Queens. N. Y. Corp. Glen L. Stutsman. gunner; Wellman, Iowa. Corp. Jair.rs R. Young, husband of Mrs. Marada Young. 1302 Proc- tor St., Port Arthur. Texas. WASHINGTON. May 22--M1 22. 1943. The supreme court ruled today lhat The company was charged amonj Officc Of Price Administration other things, wllh getting liscl oil nas to ls5Uc suspension or- I from a supplier without sumnrter- dcrs retailers and to wilh- Inst ration coupons, de.lvfring Ihou- were under consideration by the' (hey have obtained and dis- cabinet of Premier Dobri Bojilov. products In violation of Hitler was said lo be. demanding I that the Bulgariaa1; break relations with Russia and give the Nazis more military help against the expected new Red offensive. Halsey and Kinkaid Confer in Australia ADVANCED ALLIED HEAD- QUARTERS, New Guinea, Tuesday, May William F. Hal In case, the court held to stuff ballot out obtaining coupons and with failing to keep required records. Justice reports dissented but wrote nn opinion. The 6 to 3 decision In the ballot Ihe Weather I- S DfPMlTMrST OF rOMMF.RCE ntATnr.R m Rr.Ai: .MllirNE AND V1C1MTV: Flltlr dnady and FVST Tr.XlS: firtlv cloudy dir utt Italltini In cilreine cut "-J foul TflMdlJl "lit Tsfsdir. b rt, _.__----- ,mntr t in the election of federal of- box case Involved a 1942 Kentucky ficc holders violates a federal law I election in which eight election of- fice prohibiting oppress. conspiracy to "Injure.! ficials in Iwo Harlan comity pre- threaten or intimidate" any citizen In Ihe exercise of his constitutional privileges. The 8 to 1 decision on the OPA's powers upheld the agency's order limitlr.? the sates of L. P. Stciiart and Brother, inc., WashlRton, D. has rcmaliud for Germany I pacific, and Vice-Adm. Thomas C. cy. Allied commander In the south C fuel oil dealer accused of 227 nf rationing regulations hcr'clf to add final inspiration for! Kinkaid. commander oC Ihe 7lh U.jln obtaining and selling fuel nil. the ruthless assault that bclna s. licet in Ihe southwest Pacific. The firm was prohibited from KU- prepared." The Expressed have conferred In Aytralla ally. Douglas MacArthur disclosed loday.is any during the cincts were accused of improperly voting a large number of ballots for Senator Chandler Chandler was re-elected. In other cases today the coutt: Refused to review an OPA order burring the Good Luck Com- pany of Dallas. Tex., from dealing In Baseline for 17 days on the i grounds that the film accepted Kasoline coupons bcfnre their valid- ity date. The company operates ind _ f. i Tnri- in. sin .is M Kith mil low p m R> Hith and low ttmpiratird dalt lilt ed Octo- 1 seven filling stations. Saoiel lon.fht;
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