Sunday, May 21, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 21, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE Sjnce Pearl Harbor May Quota May Abilene WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORJ.D EXACTLY AS IT LXIII, NO. 338. A TEXAS NEWSr-WER ABILENE, TEXAS SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 21, 1944 PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Prnt (AP) VnIM Frtu PRICE FIVE CENTS Underground Gets First Invasion Order Germans in Italy Retreating 15 Miles in Disorder ALLIED CRASH CRUMBLING HITLER LINE, NEAR BEACH Peter Ousts Mihailovic ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May American and French troops, smashing through the crumbl- j0ig Hitler line, pounded the whole southern half of the Ger- man front back today in. a wide swing toward a new wall inchored at Terracina only 25 miles from Allied might massed on the Anzio beachhead. The 'Germans lost heavily 1 in men, tanks, and guns as they were being forced back in disorder up to 15 miles to a new "switch line" from Pico to Terracina, headquar- ters declared. The Eighth army successfully as- saultrd the fortified line .farther north and the French punched deeper into the mountains in the center. Associated Press correspondent Sid Feder. travelling with the ad- vancing Fifth Army along the coast, reported from the front late tonight that the Americans had reached a point 35 miles from the Anzio beachhead "without meeting more than casual opposition." (If (he point reached was along Ihe coast it would mean that the Americans were within about 10 miles of Terracina. base of the new German line. Early Saturday the London radio reported that the Fifth Army was a little more than 20 miles from the beachhead, but no source of this report was given and later front dispatches failed to confirm It.) (The German high command ac- knowledged loss of Cainpodiemele, southwest of Pico and within a few- miles of the PJco-Terracina line.) In nine days of this offensive in- tended to crush {he German 10th army, Nazi prisoners have been taken, with more cpming in. The enemy nevertheless re-' sisted stubbornly, and (he cam- remained a hard slugging.-. match with'the Allies trying lo (hfoiv rin paiverful blows while the Germans still are groggy. Formidable German de- fenses guard the TJri val- ley and the mountains In the Cassino area, and a front dis- patch from the Eighth Army cautioned that "apparently very costly fighting still is in pros- peel.1' Moreover, the advances have increased Allied supply difficulties. U. S. troops plunging through the coastal sector captured the Anpian road junction of Ttri, the seaport of Gaeta on a short peninsula to the south, and drove north from Hri. sweeping up vast booty de- noting hasty German withdrawal. Allied warships shelled Terracina. and the air arm, flying 2.270 sorties Friday, blasted heavily again at .the creaking German rail and highway supply network. Hammering at German Hitler Line fortifications in the north. Eighth Army tanks and troops thrust through barbed wire entan- glements to the fringes of Aquino in the Lirl valley, and opened an at- tack on another stronghold, Pon- tecorvo. LONDON, H5ay WT-King Pet- er of Yugoslavia has ousted Gen, Draja Mihailovic as war minister in an attempt to appease Marshal Tito and il was considered possible lire cabinet post might be offered lo the Partisans' leader. Whether Marshal Tito would ac- cept the post was questionable, since this might slrengthen the position of the monarchy for the post-war subject which the head of the Naticnal Army of Liberation has said must be decided by his people after victory is won. It seemed possible, however, thai Tito (Josip Broz) might agree to so.-ne compromise under which he would name his choice for the cabi- net position which Mihuilovic has held. Tito's forces, with whom Prime Minister Churchill's son, Randolph. Is serving as z Britain liaison offi- cer, has been getting the bulk of support- from the United States. Britain and Russia. King Peter, apparently with Brit- ish backing, yesterday dismissed the cabinel of Premier Bozhidar in which Mihailovic was war minis- directed Dr. Ivan Subaslc former governor of Crotia, to un- dertake the delicate diplomatic tasl; of forming a coalition cabinet whicli URAJA MIHA1LOVIC would meet with approval of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Mihal- lovic apparently was included In the cabinet ouster. Dr. Subasic possibly may cal! In Gen. Dushan Simovlc, a Serb and former premier, who has come ou in favor of Tito, to participate In MARSHAL TITO the new government. It was generally believed that any ccalitiou government formed by Dr. Subasic must be truly represen- tative of all Yugoslav factions and that there would be an agreement for an election as soon as the coun- try is liberated. LEADS of the Fighting French forces Waiving! thfoiigh Nazi resist' Italy is Gen. Alphonse Jiiin, shown here enjoying a quick sandwich near Cassino. He was formerly military (jjcommander of the Algerian district of French North Africa. Strike Picture Grows Brighter 1H By (lie Associated Press The picture on the nation's labor front brighlened considerably yes- terday as hundreds of workers, obey- ing War Labor board directives. to their jcbs, Although there were an estimated em- ployes still rot at work as the re- sult of labor troubles, settlement of some was reported immi- Jap Resistance on Wakde Wiped Out; Fatalities 34 to 1 By LEONARD M1LLTMAX Associated Press War Editor American soldiers, killing 31 Japa- nese for every doughboy lost, have wiped out enemy resistance on Island in the southwest Pa- cific, Gen. Douglas MacArlhur re- ported today. Only 'a small number of Japanese were taken prisoner. Five hundred and fifty were killed on Wakde and the nearby shores'of northwestern listed American losses entire oper-: ation at only -Itnnllcd, 83 wounded a.nd two missing. Complete control over Wakcte, miles frcm MacArthur's goal on the Philippines, was established Friday afternoon. But enemy lery fire held up the advance on the coast. In other .zctloni reported war planes striking 'af the northern anil southern tips' of .Japan's destroyed 21 air- craft and sank or damaged IS ships. UNEXPECTED GUNFIRE MEEIS INFANTRY MOVING INTO WAKDE A new work stoppage occurred yesterday at Ihe John Deere Har- vester plant at East Moline, 111., when 2.000 employes failed to show up for work. Union officials said dispute involved vacation pay. The president- of the United Auto Workers (CIO) local said an order had been Issued for the men to go back to work after union officials received the request for the order the WLB. In Detroit officiate of the Ur.iled .Aulomobile Workers (CIO) local representing approximately Idle Chrysler workers, who walked out last Tuesday after a dispute over delivery soft drinks to the com- Vpany's Highland Park plant, were scheduled to meet today with the management to discuss their dis- pute. Settlement of Ihe Chrysler laboi controversy would biing to a virtua: (ajend recent numerous walkouts in Michigan war industries. However at the Buick Aluminum foundry in Flint. ].40fl were out: 1.300 remained away their jobs at the Chev- rolet transmission plant in Saglnaw nnd 600 were out at a Miiske Still farther north, Polish forces fighting through high mountains seized Villa Santa Lucia, 1 1-2 miles northwest of Cassino monastery, moved up io capture Picdimonte, the northern anchor of the Hitler Line, just off highway 6, the See 1TALV, 8, Col. 7 Abilenian's Husband Returns from Italy Mrs. Henry LeCrone. daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. T. McQuary of Abilene, left last night to join her husband, who landed in the states Thursday from Italy, at Tulsa, Okla where they will visit his par- Tne <5lh division man will see his six-months old daughter. Nancy Lou, for the first time. He left the stales in May, 1943. He was sta- tioned at Camp Barkeley when the division was in training here. Private LeCrone called from St. Louis, Mo., Friday night saying he was back from overseas duly. Olen Clements, Associated Press war correspondent who landed with the Americans of the 6th Army on Wakde island, 110 miles northwest cf Hollan- dia, gives in the following story the first eye-witness account of the battle for this strategic base. By OLEX CLEMENTS WAKDE ISLAND. Dutch New Guinea, May Ahead the tiny Island of Wakde loomed from the foaming Pacific. The men in the small assault boats laughed and Joked. Nothing could be alive on that island. It had taken a terrific blasting from the 5th Air Force bombers and a 24- hour bombardment naval guns and artillery. One tow-headed soldier grinned and said: Wakde is just a blood clot on the broad big guns and b.'g bombs musta killed every living thing on the island." Rockets stilt plastered the beach. The rocket.'; looked like red balls popping into the sand. The litlle assault boats moved in. Thirty yards offshore, sharpshosting Japanese snipers opened fire. The first wave of boats slowed down and the second wave caught them. A hail of steel met the American infantrymen. The bullets tore through Ihe little boats. Men were bowled over like ten-pins. The boatmen, coxswains and gun- ners fell dead and wounded. Thej were in the most, exposed The Ircops crouched and few could hear the rattle of small-arms fire on the beach above the roar of bursting artillery shells and naval shells from Ihe New Guinea shore. The landing ramps fell short of the sandy beach. The men jumped out into deep water. Some hurried. Others v-ilkcd almost nonchalantly as if convinced no Japanese re- mained alive there. Former Abilenian, Home from India, Visits Parents William O. Babb. employe of the National City bank of New York in Bombay, India, arrived in Abi- lene lasl night to visit in the home of his parents. Mr. and Mrs. James W. Babb, 1830 South 6th. He came after spending sometime In New York and Washington on business. Other members of the Babb fam- ily expected to come here are Mr. and Mrs. Warren Babb and son, Gary, of Amartllo. Mr. nnd Mrs. Hugh Ewell and children, Jimmie. Joan and David of Cisco. Two sons. M. H. Babb, stationed with the air forces at Elgin field. Ha. and Chief Petty Officer Clifton Babb now with the Navy in the South Pad- lie, cannot be here. A former student of Hardin-Sim- mons university, Babb will return to India after a brief visit in Abi- lene. AFL Won't Endorse KANSAS CtTY. May 20-M Preserving its traditional, non-parti- san policy, the American Federation of Labor will endorse no presiden- tial candidates in 1944. William L. Green. AFL president, said while here to attend the wedding of eldest grandson. Capt. Robert Mc- Griffin. and Jane Force. Boston atlack planes sank three Nipponese freighters oft Manokwari near the western tip of New Guinea nnd cne of the greatest Japanese bases in the Dutch East Indies. Aleutian based Army and Navj bombers wrecked two Nipponese vcs sels as they slruck for the seventh time this montli at Paramushirr naval base on lha northern road to Tokyo. Five thousand miles to the soutl 10 other surface craft were hi squarely and 21 Japanese plane wiped out by Wednesday 100 carrier some planes making the heavies raid of the war on Sccrabaja, for mer Dutch naval base on American. British, Australian, Dutcl and French airmen participated li the attack, Ihe first unified a.ctloi of the Allied southeast Asia, south west Pacific and central Paclft commands. Shin repair and oil fa cilities were left in flames. Liberators from Australia blasted Socrabaja's rail yards the same night. Other Austn- lia-basrcl planes bombed Ihrce ships In fhc Tanimbar Islands, also in the Dutch Kasl llulics. Allied Uoops pressed their ad- vantage in (he complex battle for control of tiic Burma road, the supply route lo China. Concentric rings of airborne and infantry troops tightened their cor- don around the Japanese garrison trapped at Iheir north Burma base, and the surrounding Jungles. A Ihrce-pronged Chinese drive from the east to Join Lt. Gen. Jcseph W. Stilwell's forces advanced im both flanks but ran Inlo severe fighting on the fork leading to the Nipponese Tcngchung. China, base. Chinese armies lelf back again in northern Honan province. Invad- ing Japanese who have conquered thousands of square miles of rich wheat-lands in Ihe last month ap- peared ID be preparing to put their familiar pincer squeeze to word on Tungkwan, gateway to northwc5t China and the supply road from Soviet Russia. i; Dump Ions On West Defense LONDON, May In the greatest mass air at- tack of the war the Allies hurled British-ba se d planes at Hitler's west wall defenses toctay and blasted a 150-mile strip from Brittany to Belgium with a total of at least tons of explosives Nineteen rail junctions, eight airfields and numerous ther installations which Hit- er hoped lo use in combat- ing the coming western inva- ion were pounded in the gi ;antic onslaught which began oon after midnight and ex- ended twice around the clock nto darkness tonight. Allied losses announced for al! he operations from midnight to ildnlpht amounted lo seven RAF icavles, two U. S. heavies, three tmerican mediums, tft'O American ight bombers, five American fight- and one American fighter- total of 20 planes. Every type of plane based in Brl- ain was thrown Into the unprc- :edented bombardment, with the Allied expeditionary air which will move into the contfncn n support of the Invasion land- more than 4.000 sorties An American armada of nearlj heavy bombers and tighter: :et the pace tor the daylioht blows villi attacks on three airfields an romlscd that he will not Use gas he may. at the last moment like a mad and beaten dog release not only on the troops, but on the country as well." Becomes Blue Network Affiliate KRBC. the Reporter-News sta- tion on tl'.e Hilton hotel roof, will, become the affiliate of another' great nationwide radio network on June 1. Announcement of the affiliation with the Blue network was made "'yesterday by station officials fol- lowing completion of arrangements with Blue executives. The new network affiliation tn no wise eliminates Mutual pro- grams from the local station's Actually, it simply means 'niijmtntlng nr.d improving the program structure, giving KRBC the opportunity to choo.-o programs from one regional and Iwo major networks. KRBC affiliated vitn TSN" and Mutual in Septem- ber, 1533. i While a complete format of pro- grams that will be brought KRDC listeners starling June I has not been completed, it has been defi- nitely established that some of the Blue network's outstanding pro- grams will become available Imme- diately. Included are: Daily War Journal, 7 to a.m. Mondays through Saturdays. The "Breakfast Club. 8 to a.m.. Mondays through Saturdays. Ladies Be Seated, to 2 p.m. Mondays. Wednesdays and Fridays. Appointment with Life, to 3 p.m. Mondays through Fridays. Ethel and Albert. 3 to p.m. .Mondays through Fridays. Don Norman's Show, lo p.m. Mondays through Fridays. KRBC officials said they arc es- pecially elated with the new affilia- tion. because Blue apparently Is an up-and-coming network." It was pointed out that, recently National Broadcasting company iold the Blue to Edward Noble and association. Included were the publishers of Life and Time magazines. The Blue has added Paul White-man lo its staff as musical director and outstanding figures have been placed in other key positions. Other West Texas stations joining Ihc Blue June I are KGKU San Ar.gelo, and KBST. Big Spring. Time Vieus the .Vewj. 10 p.m. Mondays through Fridays. Eea Hound. to 4 p. m. Mon-, days through Fridays. Soldiers With to 10 p. m. Wednesdays. I Creeps By N'ight. starring Boris! Karloff. lo 10 p. m. Southernalres, a. m. Sundays. This Is by no jneans a complete list of the Blue network program we will bring our listeners." said Howard Barrett. KRBC manager. "Addilion of another network to our schedule necessitates draflic chants in our program schedule 1 and operation from the momuit we I take Ihe air at a. in. until BC j the air at U p. m. j "We have to Mu- itiifl. Texas State Network and I cjily wh'.ch we must keep con- stantly in mind in our program- ming. However, by June 1 we ex- pect lo be tn position lo announce additional programs lhat will prove of special Interest to our lislcKcrj." Emphasis was lild on the fact that the local station does not plan to leave Mutual. In fact, it was pointed out, addition of the best of the Blue network's programs to the station's schedule will strengthen the fine- Mutual programs now be- in? aired. Among the Mutual pro- grams dr-iinitely to be irtained are: Ccrirk Foster. Fulton Lewis; The Johnson Family. Gabriel Heatlcr. Double or No'hir.c. Superman. Freedom of Opportunity and many others. Tailay's allacks brought to warily 208 Hit number of raids made on rail centers In Ger- many anil ocennltil countries by Allied day and ntfhf bombers slncc'lhcy opened (lie tamp March 2 (o wreck as many possible before (lie Invasion starts from the ircsl. These are the highlights of the day and night bombing of the in- slallallons which the Kazls are using to prepare for meeting Allied forces when they sweep onto Ihe continent from the west: attacked air fields al Orly and Villa Coublay near Paris and Liberators smashed at aircraft repair facilities at Cham- pagne airdrome and Reims rail targets, dropnlng 750 tons of bombs on all targets. S. Strategic Air Force head- quarters said all Ihe bombing was done with good visibility and with satisfactory results. Marauders and Havncs and RAF Bostons and Mit- chells of the Allied European Air Force, with Thunderbolt and Spit- fire cccort, slammed into undisclos- ed In France, with a to- tal of probably 800 tons of bombs. fighter bomb- ers of the Nlnih U. S. Army Air Force attacked unannounced tar- gets in northern France under es- cort of o'.her Thunderbolts. 4-Before daylight about 750 RAF bombers dumped some 3.360 tons lot explosives on rail centers at Boulcgr.c on the channel Iccast; at Tours. Le Mans, and Or- 'leans. i Other British bombers coMtal objectives and laid mines in enemy waters, while Mosqulk-s attacked Cologne. The night's loss was seven planes. Soviets Desire Western Front LONDON, Mny 21, The long eastern front was report ed'qulel through another day today as increasing signs came from MDS cow of mounting tension in thi Soviet capital over the prospects o opening a western land front agains the Germans. Tension matching that In Britain was evident in Moscow dispatch? which emphasized that the Rci" army was eager for new offensive of its own which would be ccordl naled with blows from Ihe wes which the Russians hope will de feat the Germans before the of the year. The Soviet command artnouncec again In Us communique last nigh there were no essential changes o nny fronts during the day. Th German command reported only lo cal fighting on the lower Dnest In the Carpathian foolhil'-s an southeast of Vitebsk to the north. The Germans renewed their Iocs attacks near Tiraspol and Stanl' lowow, Moscow revealed in its mid night supplement to the commun Iquc, but were repulsed with man The Nazis suffered 400 dead a Slnnlslawow and lost two compan les around Tiraspcl, MOSCOW sal< In addition a similar two-day clash southeast of Vitebsk cost the Ger- mans 200 casualties. Planes o( the Red Baltic fleet sank four German auxiliary cralt tn the Oulf of Finland and destroyed 15 German Rlrcraft, the supplement added. Union Wins Busline Bargaining Election The Associated Press In Dallas last night confirmed the report that Local No. 583 of the International Brolhcrhood of Teamsters. Chauf- feurs, Warehousemen nnd Helpers of America won an election among employes of the Abilene-Vicw Bus Lmt-s, Inc.. givlns It exclusive bar- gaining rights with that company. Evact vote of the election held here Thursday and compiled in the regional office of the National La- bor Relations board at Fort Worth was not available. The Abilene lirm operates buses from the city to Camp Barke'cy and (o the Abilene Army Air Base. Pfc. Luis Sanchez, Midland, Is Pfc. Luis B. Sanchez, sen of Mrs. Christina B. North Mmro'.ia street. Midland, has been killed in action in the Pacific area. night. He w-as one of Tcxans listed killed. HENKV WALLACE Wallace, Aides, .eave for China, Siberian Areas WASHINGTON, May Vice President Wallace left for Cht- m today taking with him a mes- sage of cheer from President Roost, felt to Ihe Chinese people and ac- companied by aides who Include an expert on Russians munitions sup- ply ;natlers. Several stops are plan- lied in Siberia. His riiessage'to the Chinese, loco In a statement. Is. ihai "neither the swamps of the Himalaya mountains nor- Jap- anese warships shall stop 'America from bringing? all possible ano! prompt aid to this great and en- during people." A wliltc House announcement of Wallace's departure disclosed, that one of those traveling with him Is John Hazard, chief liaison officer of the Foreign Economic admin- istration's division, of Soviet supply. O'.hcrs in the party are John Carter Vincent, chief of the state department division of Chinese af- fairs, and Owen Lattlmore, deputy director of the Office of War In- formation's overseas branch. There was no official information on that point, but Hazard's pres- ence suggested the possibility that the mission may be concerned, among other things, with the ques- tion of increased Soviet supplies-to the Chinese. The Russians are un- derstood to have been making some supplies available lo Ihe Chinese despite their own heavy war de- mands. Argentina Seen Planning 'Fast One' WASHINGTON, May Belief was expressed In some dip-, lomatic Quarters here tonight that Argentina may attempt to use the new agreement on settlement of Ihe Ecuador-Peru boundary dispute as a lever to break the united front on non-recognition of the present Buenos Aires regime. This belief was voiced as Presi- dent Roosevelt wired Presidents Arroyo Del Rio of Ecuador and Emanuel Prsdo of Peru that he considered their agreement on a definite settlement of their dispute to be "an ouistandins contribullon to inUrAmpriffln solidarity. The dispute has been dragging on for more than a century. In January, 1942, at Rio De Jan- crio the two nations signed a pro- tocol of peace, friendship and bmmdailes which was guaranteed I by Brazil. Ihe United States, Chile 'and Argentina. Recently they I agreed on interpretations of It. Funds Pledged BROWNWOOD. May The A. post of the American LeRton and Heart of Texas post, Veterans of Foreign Wars, In Brownwood today p'.cdg- cd funds necessary to erect a me- morial marker on the beachhead at Salemo. Italy, where the first Allied troops landed on the con- tinent of Europe. Ihe Weaiher Deficit Grows AUSTIN'. May State Treasurer Jrssc James reported (he 1 defieit In the state's general icv- I cnue fund tr-day was SX373-315. an Increase of approximately a million dollars in the last month. l'. S. nTPARTMT.NT OK COMMERCE HflTHFR DrillMI' Ami.ESF. AND rliady. SraUcitd thnndcr jhairtrs Snn- div. l.llilr In lempiralnir. FAST Tf.XAS: Parllj- cloudy ir.d Srallerrd ihtw- rl. Sil. PM 1 B7 f; x