Abilene Reporter News, May 9, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

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Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 9, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE Pearl Harbor May Salei gfoilene Reporter WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXUI, NO. 326. A TEXAS 3-U, NEWSPAnft ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 9, 1944 -TWELVE PAGES Msoctaied (AP) United Prnj (V.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Bombs Cancel Three-Fourths of Nazi Oil Supplies ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May German machine, hard pressed by (he Russians, facing Imminent Allied Invasion and possible new blows from the south, has been deprived o( three- fourths of the output of Its main oil source by Allied bombings of Ro- manian fields. This was announced today by 1.1. Gen. Ira C, taker, Allied air commander In (he Mediterranean theater, In a summary of results of Die Medlterrean Air Force's spring offensive. Nol only have air attacks cut production of the I'Joestl fields by 15 per cent, but they have disrupted all lines of German communications to the Russian front, he said. The MAAF commander's announcement followed the sixth aerial Wow at Romania since Friday. Hallfases and Liberators, pounded the Romanian capital of Bucharest In the face of stiff fighter opposition last night, raining explosives on Industrial targets. The Germans lost 20 fighters In nir battles near Bucharest yesterday, and nine Nazi aircraft were destroyed In other operations, bringing the day's bag to 29. The Allies lost two heavy bombers end !2 other planes In more than sorties. The actions pointed up General taker's announcement, which revealed that the Mediterranean Air Force had taken such a toll of German aviation, both In shootlnj dov.n fighters attempting lo Interfere with such raids, and In the bombings of aircraft fac- tories, that the German air force will be greatly hampered In Us lo halt the coming great attack on F.urope. On the Italian front, land operations were in a state of comparative lull, but with indications thai the Germans are on the aiert for defense no less than tholr on the west wall. The Anzlo beachhead front was reported extremely quiet, but nearby German dumps were bombarded by American destroyers Saturday night with "good results." Allied headquarters announced that German patrol stabs through Allied positions ivar Santa Andrea and Cassino in the upper Garlgllano valley of the F'ith Army front were beaten off Saturday night. Sevastopol Def Hannegan Says FDR Will Be Re-Elected SHIP LOSS FORCES JAP LAND current in central China is considered directly traceable to the great shipping losses {some tons Ihroiigli April) she has suffered at the hands of U. S. and I Allied suhs, planes and warships. To provide herself with 1 an inland supply route, her present drive is seen as an at- tempt (o recapture control of the 110-mile stretch of the 775- i mile Peiping-IIankow railway now in Chinese hands. If successful, Japs might make similar drive in south, to seize ilankow-Canton road, giving them a 1522-mile interior sup- ply line from their home waters to the South China Sea. full Length of Jap Outer Defenses Hit By Ths Associated Press. Big land-based American bombers made their second raid of the war on Guam in the longest flight in a series of r aU acks t hat jjit p f; japan's, outoi isl ahd de- fensesr'racific'commanders announced last night and today. .1 The attacks blazing over a arc cost the Japa- nese at least 18 planes, and American Marines took another airdrome from the enemy. The Marines plunged closer to wrecked fortress of New Britain, to occupy the Cape Hoskins fighter air strip without opposition. CHAIRMAN SAYS LEADER FIT, READY FOR FIGHT NEW YORK, May 8 (AP) Robert E. Hannegan, chairman of the Democratic national committee, said to- night he is firmly convinced that President Roosevelt will run again and be elected and declared that "despite the ma- licious whispers to the contrary, I can assure you the Presi- dent is fit and ready for the fight." Soviets, Czechs Sign Agreement LONDON, May 8 W) Czecho-Slovakia have reached an agreement on administration of liberated areas in the latter coun- try under which the Czecho-Slovak government will assume full author ity once the territory ceases to be a cf war operations. issued simultan Eojsly today in Moscow and London by the Soviet and Czecho-Slovak governments announced signing of the agreement. This agreement probably will be ijllowed soon by parallel agree- ments between the United States nnd Britain and the governments of Holland, Belgium and Luxem- bourg. Moscow has approved these pacts, now ready for signature. iTThe Soviet-Czech agreement pro- vides that as soon as Soviet or Allied troops enter Czecho-Slovak territory the Soviet commander In chief will have supreme authority in matters essential to conduct of war. but lhat a Czech govern- ment delegate will be named to ad- minister the territory in accord- ance with laws of the country, re- constitute the Czecho-Slovak armed forces and insure cooperation with the Soviet forces. He made it clear his opin ion is a personal one and he had not discussed with the President "his own desires or intentions." Hannegan devoted much of an address at a Thomas Jefferson dinner to criticizing ut- terances of Governor Thomas E. Dcwcy of New York, possible Re- publican presidential nominee, which Hannegan charged showed lack oC foresight. "In dealing with the delicate problems that will arise among na- tions, the dangers that may threat- en our own and all other free.peo- ples, in anticipating the world of "wiiUthe-gov- ernor of New York.'show the 'same great lack of comprehension that he has exhibited for (he four-year stretch since Other speakers were Senator Al- .ben W. Berkley, of Kentucky, ma- At least seven and possibly! Jority leader, and Democratic Stale 10 Nipponese interceptors were shot down over Guam last Saturday by long range Army and Navy bombers, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz an- nounced. This was half of the defending force. All of oslems Ask Early India Independence NEW DELHI, May group of Moslem political leaders today that Mohandas K. (Jandhl's release from imprisonment has presented an opportunity for immediate settlement of Hindu and Moslem differences and renewed their demand for the independence of India. They asserted In a resolution, the "Srmallon of a national govern- ment is no longer a political issue but has become a Ilrst rate mili- tary question." Boih Hindus and Moslems were urged to renew ef- forts to reach an fiareemcnt in the aspirations of both could be realized. the attackers returned from their round trip, presumably made from Eni- welok in the Marshall is- lands. Ten mnre Japanese planes were knocked down over the Schouten Islands, off the Dutch New Guinea coast, as Gen. Douglas MacArthur's escorted bombers smashed at the Mokmer airdrome three times in a row. Nearly 300 tons of bombs were dropped on Wakde and the nearby Sarmi sector of Dutch New Guinea, midway between the Schou- ten islands and the Hollandia area where Sixth Army troops control 100 miles of the beach. Four-cngincd bombers from both the central Pacific and south Pacific smashed at Truk sinking three small cargo ships and bagging an enemy bomber nearby. Trull's flanking bases of Woleni and Ponape, and by- passed Marshall islands, were also hit. Far lo the north Aleutian based aircraft made their third dayligh assault of the war on the Para mushiro naval base fn the Kuriles Attacking Japanese soldiers suf fered "disproportionately heavj losses" in India and ran Into fierc fighting in northern China, Alliec headquarters reported yesterday. Chungking admitted Ihe situation was growing serious in China's Ho Sec PACIFIC, Page 3, Col. S hairman James A. Farley. The inner, attended by more than nd held under the auspices of the ational and state committees, was art of a fund-raising drive. The national chairman, In speaking of the president, satd he believes Ihe people have con- cluded the risks of total war are "loo great to entrust the respon- sibility of waging It from here on, to a novice or a lesser sol- dier of freedom." He added that Dewcy had de lared in 1940 that we could no iroducc- 50.000 airplanes and tha o maintain and fly them an ai orce of men would be nee "Today, four years after he showed us how planes could nol be built, bow .an air force to man them could not be Hannegan said, "America has produced for the armed forces 1S1.000 planes, and we have an air force of fighting men." Senator Barkley chided "some of Ihese ambitious governors" in the Republican party. He mentioned no names but he made clear that he had in mind particularly Gov. Thomas Dewey of New York who recently said that tired old men b'jnglcd the world war peace. Calling the statement petty. Bark- ley continued: "The Treaty of Versailles failed not because it was written by tired old men who had won a war, but failed because a group of men. some of them malicious, some of them old. and some of them young, destroyed it before It had a fair chance to work or to have Its de- fects cured. Older Draftees New May Be Cities In Near Future WASHINGTON, May 8 Europe (AP) Brig. Gen. J. Page, Texas selective Tuesday, May director, said today the Gen. Dwiglu D. Eisei of dragt-eligible men 26 invasion comman of age and under in Texas the second straight da almost exhausted and planes again up to 30 may expect to defenses yesterda called soon for induction into the armed Berlin, Brunswic channel coastal emplacemen REDS DOMINATE HILLTOPS OVER BESIEGED FORIRESS LONDON, Tuesday, May Hed army has cracked the main Axis defense belt at Sevastopol, killed more than Germans and won hilltops dominating that >esieged Crimean fortress, Moscow announced today. Russian troops now are fighting at the immediate ap- proaches to the city, a midnight bulletin said as Soviet planes uirl "thousands of bombs on enemy positions" in the final all-out drive lo crush the trapped German-Romanion garri- son dug into caves bordering the city. The Axis dead were-------------------------------------' slain in a single sector where r IT1 Sweden racing Blacklist Fear In Nazi Trade ROBERT HANNEGAN Taylor Expected To Endorse FDR "Those 26 and under probably will ast only a matter of he told reporter. The 26-30 age group In Texas irobably will stay Induction of the )re-upar fathers over 30 until about August, he added, declaring, how- ever, that the rate of the demands of the armed forces for men could cause revision either way of his August forecast. and key rail targets and bag-1 ging 119 German planes. A morning attack on Berlin and Brunswick by nearly U. B. Flying Fortresses, Liberators, and their escorting fighters cost the Americans 36 bombers and 13 fight- ers in great sky battles during which colliding Axis fighters and Invading bombers occasionally fell locked in flames. A 'second formation of less than 250 Liberators and Flying Fortresses rail yards Belgium and coast the Russians blew up 36 pill- boxes and 27 blockhouses in their victorious charge, Mos- cow said. Thus the fall of Sevastopol ap- peared near on the 23th. day of the offensive which has liberated all of the peninsula except the small pocket at Scvns- opol, on the southwest coast 200 illes across the Black sea from :omanla. On the basis of scattered returns from Saturday's precinct meetings Taylor county's democrats are ex- pected to endorse a fourth term for President Roosevelt in today's coun- ty wide convention. Delegates from the 31 precincts will meet at 2 p. m. In the district courtroom at the county courthouse to name delegates to the state con- vention to be held in Austin, May Light Showers Fall In Abilene, Merkel Scattered showers fell In and a.fur.d Abilene early last night, but the rainfall measured only a trace ot the airport weather bureau. More showers and thunderstorms were forecast for today and Wed- nesday, bringing hope of farmers nrj stockmen for a in the May rainfall measure- ment which now stands at Inches A light shower also fell at Mer kel early last night. At Sweetwater. however, no raln- li was recorded. Central American Quits 23. Roosevelt's endorseent was fore- cast by County Chairman Ja-.nes P. Stinson after studying results from a number of the precincts. Quite a few precinct reports, how- ever, had not been filed Monday with Chairman Stinson. The county will have 16 votes in the state convention on the basis of one for each 500 votes cast In the last gubernatorial election. I Texas Democrats Will Ask Changes By the Associated Press Texas Democrats will hold coun- ty conventions today under a recom- mendation by the slate Democratic executive committee that the regu- lation of the party should be lef. with the committee rather than the state. The county conventions follow j yesterday's ruling by the supreme court rejecting applications for a rehearing on the court's decision opening Texas primaries to negroes, i Other proposals by the state com- i mittee were for the restoration of the two-thirds nile In making nomi- nations and for unlnstructcd gallons to the state convention In i Austin May 23. A partial, unofficial survey of Saturday's prrcinct conventions in- dicated that in sections where the don't want to say anything to further he said, mafiy factors are involved It Is Im- passible to predict with an assur- fortifications In ance of accuracy when the various Cherbourg areas ,ge groups will be called." He pointed out lhat war casual- lies and rejections of those called up for the draft were among the factors that made the future uncer- tain. Attending conferences at se- lective service headquarters, Gen- eral Page said he expected lo be In Washington until Thursday. New Draft Policy Late in Week Seen WASHINGTON, May A. policy announcement establishing the draft status of men over 26 will be made this werk, probably climaxing a three-day ccnference ol state selective service directors which opened today. National draft headquarters gave no hint of the nature of the new to take some ot Ihe uncertainty out of the draft handling of older men. But MaJ. Gen. Lewis B. Hcrshey said men of all ages now are In 1-A. There were indications that the national draft call In June will be iubstanllally lower than the number to be called this month. The May total Is estimated unofficially at be- tween and This figure may be pared to next month, adding to speculation that the forthcoming policy announce- ment will assure men over 26 In essential work that they will not be called through the summer. Hershcy said recently that the pool of men under 26 probably will not be exhausted until early fall the Calais and of France. Five instead'of by July 1, as predicted earlier. 'Identify Woman Found in Trunk SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador, May Gen. Max- imiliano Hernandez Marlinez. for 13 years head of this little coffee- growing Central American republic, resigned today a little more than a month after a revolt against his government was bloodily suppress- d. Six months still remain of the six-year term to which he was elected In 1939. The announcement that he was stepping down from office said his action was precipi- tated by a general strike. (Details of the extent, and pur- pose of the strike not tils- closed.) (Earlier, dispatches from the Panama Canal zone told of com- munications being cut between Panama and El Salvador.) WASHINGTON, J-fay closed tonight that fingerprints tak- en from the body of a woman found stuffed Into a trunk at Los Angeles tally with those of a woman arrest- i ed at various times in the past three i years In southern states. That woman, the FBI said, gave V.rr name BS Louise Chcstine bombers were lost on that mission. Fighllng deep Iniidc Germany and five miles above Ihe earth In 45-below-zero temperatures the American heavy bomber airmen shol doun GO German planes, while Ihcir fighler pilot escorts accounted for 59, a communique Not since April II has the U. S. Strategic Air Force bitten off such a huge chunk of the enemy's fight- er fleet. On that day 126 were de- stroyed during raids on Oschcr- slcbcn, Bernburg, Rostock and Arns walrie. At midnight Axis radio stations began fading from the air, Indl eating the two-way Allied pre-ln vaslon sky bombardment from planes based In Britain and Ital was rolling into its 25th stralgh day ns RAF night fleets roared ou on their customary shift. Late in the day more than 300 American Marauders and Havocs carrying 000 tons of bombs and es- sortcd by swarms of fighters lashed at German rail targets at Namur, Belgium, an airfield at Evreux- failvllle and coastal Installations In France. This was the second such light bomber mission of the day. One Marauder fnllcd to return. Waves of British Mitchell anrl Boston bombers augment- ed the steady dismantlement of German anti-lnvajlon defenses, destroying two ammunition dump.1; and Iwo imporlanl bridges near .Mantes, northwest of farls on the main feeder roule lo German positions nn the channel opposite England. Thunderbolt fighter-bombers in a dusk attack also knocked out double-track, eight-span rail bridge over the Olse river at Hlrson France, returning crewmen salcl. Fires from Sunday's raid sill' blazed In Berlin as the American! Stt AIR WAR, rage 3. Col. I Russian troops suportcd by mass- s of planes and powerful artillery Ire began the final storming of losltlons held by an Axis garrison if perhaps on Sunday. In two days of bitter Ing, the bulletin said, the _ 1 four miles'- through a widely devefcped sys-' (em of reinforced concrete for- tifications and captured Inker- man, only two miles east of Ihe city. Ahead of the charging Russian Infantrymen lies the last formid- able barrier before Sevastopol, Ma- lakhov hill, whose seizure In the Crimean war of 1855 determined Ihe surrender of Sevastopol. The Russians now arc lighting over the graves of Frenchmen who died in lhat war and over ground where thousands of Germans perished In the 1B41-42 siege. Two lighthouses also were seized In the Inkcrman area, both at the top of the Chornaya estuary which forms Sevastopol's valuable bay. Lyubimovka and Mikenzlcvy Gory rail from two to three miles north anil northeast of Sevaslopol, also were engulf- ed, said the hroadrasl-bullclin recorded by the Soviet monitor. Karan, about three miles north- west of Balnklava, captured by the Russians April ID, was among the points seized on the southern side of the city. Karau is 5.5 miles south of Sevastopol. Soviet naval planes ranging oul :o sea on the escape routes to mania Saturday sank 12 Axis ves- sels, four of them transports totall- ing 10.000 tons, .the communique said. The other vessels destroyed were a patrol cutter and seven high speed landing barges. Cfihcr ships in the convoy guarded by Axis warships were declared damaged. On all fronts Sunday the Rus- sians said their troops wrecked 52 German tanks and destroyed 56 planes. LONDON, May the blacklist for Axis-dealing trad- ers as a powr-rfijl economic trump, the Allies apparently are seeking a. showdown with Sweden on her ex- port of ballbearings to Germany, a. particularly vital component Nazi planes and war machines. The potency of blacklisting ac- quired artdttj significance'last-w'SeSt State department's an- nouncement that It will remain In effect after'victory. The stakes are high. For the Al- lies it Is a matter of saving the lives of the men of their armed forces; for Germany it Is a case ot retaining the source of a military "mast" If air and motorized equip- ment Is to be kept functioning, and. for Sweden It Is a case of keeping a lucrative source of profit as well as an insurance against German, trade reprisals. Speculation on (he method for applying Allied pressure to Sweden to halt the exports t? varied, but it Is possible that Stnnton Griffls. representative of Ihe U. S. foreign economic administration who ar- rived In Stockholm today, will take up the Job after official diplomatic representations foiled to do the trick. IEXANS ON SERVICE ROLL George Ade III WASHINGTON. May death of Brig. Gen. Donald A. Davt- son. commanding the provisional engineering command In the Mcdi- tcrrean theater was announced to- day b> the War department. He died Saturday in a hospital In India. Issue was most sharply drawn. In a alias C. Myers, when President Martinez' decision, the majority of such precincts Texas Democrats named delegations to county convention.' announcement said, was taken with Sce POLITICS, Tafc 3, Col. 2 the aim of settling matters o: state I___________________________ "in a decorous and satisfactory manner In conformity with national Interests." It said that in an attempt to alleviate the tense situation which had developed as a result of Ihe strike In the Salvador- ean capital, summoned his cabinet this morning and submitted his decision. New Disease Stop Substance Found SAN FRANCISCO. May A new substance which like pent- .'he was arrested by county officers j at Helena, Ark Aug. 11. IDtl on a charre of vagrancy. She was held for Investigation CKt. 21, 1041 at Baton Rouge, La., under the name nf Wright, and was arrested for investigation at Memphis. Term April 9. 1943. On one of the identification cards her date of birth was listfd us April Only Miracle Can End War in 1944 WASEILVGTON', May Texas had men and women fn the Army as of last. Dec. 31 tlic War department has cidnscil Sen. Connally (D- Between Nov. I, 1940, and Dec. 31, 1313, the Army got Texas men and women, "lost from for all causes, during the above period, Included men and women. WFA Boosts Price 'aid Egg Buyers DALLAS, May 8-MV-L. J. Cap- ileman, Dallas, regional distribution lircctor for the War Pood Admin- stration announced effective today ill WFA- carlot egg ptirchasing igents in Texas. Oklahoma, Louis- ana, Colorado. Kansas, New Mex- co and Arkansas who buy current eccipt egss will receive an addl- lonal one-half cent per t'ozen to defray expense of casss. cillin kinds i has been found In the green, mossy 1913 and on another April 14, l. She said she was born in Myr- His resignation, it was explained. I stuff that accumulates In watering will take effect some time month. this I troughs. unlike the mother-substar.rr of Martinez succeeded to the presi- :ptnicillin. this rossy growlh can drncy of El Salvador when Pn-si- manufacture its ow food o'.it of 9. 1913: height, 5 feet 5 3-4; eyes brown, complexion fair; hair dark chestnut; build large. Henry in Solomons BOUGAINVILLE. Solomons Is- dcnt Arturo Araujo li-ft the country j ir.orfwnic materials, mainly from May Henry Mc- in December. 1531. the nitrogen, hydrogen, carbon and'I.cmorc. former newspaper coluin- IE1 Salvador declared war upon j oxygen ordinarily available in air. arrived on Bougainville last Japan the day after the Pearl Har- and water. Penicillin producllon Thursday with Ihe first army com- bor attack, and four days later de-1 usually requires more complicated i bal correspondent team assigned dared war linon nrenaraflrtne fnhlnl claied war upon Germany.) preparations. to the (Ohio) division. PALESTINE, Tex., May Taylor Henry. 31, Associated Press war correspondent who arrived re- cently In New York after a year's internment by the Germans at Baden Barlcn, says that "nothing short o; a miracle will enable the Allies to knock out the Gerrrans this year." "I would not be surprised at two more years of fighting even after the Invasion takes place and the Allies establish a" foothoM on the why his morale be shot to pieces asked Henry, who him- self lost 25 pounds during intern- ment, mainly, he said, because ol the lack of certain kinds uf food. He has regained 15 pounds rmcc leav- ing Germany. Henry, home for the first time in three years, admitted It makes him restless to know that big things are about to take place in the European area at a time when he is too far away to look on. Within a few weeks, however, he ntincnt." said Henry In an inter-1 plans to return to New York for Im- munization treatments prior to re- turning to the battle zones, per vkw at home. "The average German, notwith- standing the bombings, knows Hit- ler still holds three-fourths of Di- Norlh Africa. He said he hope lo get back to Paris where he work- rope and he's eating better food ltd until the Germans rolled than he was able lo set in 1940, jo' the city's 0'JtektrU In 1940. into The Weather V. S. DFPARTMF.ST OF COMMF.RCK IVEATIICR RVRFAU ARII.l.NF. ANI> VICINITY: Tattlf lonfly Klih thflurM and TartJir frMti lo rufrnillj- ilritnc FAST TFXAS: ir.4 i and ITiandent idely irallrred wicnifc trireme lday. FrMi la ircci- 1VEST TF.XAS: Farllr and IVrdneidir. widely anil warmer Itid Sooth Fliim Tariday. Fmh rant n. AM Sin. Hoor >toa. FM Sin. FS 1 10 peratarn la p.-- Sonirt till rJiht. Jt SI. Son rile ifcli morn In r, 6. So QIC I losUhU ;