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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - April 23, 1944, Abilene, Texas ft BOND BOX SCORE Peorl Harbor April Quoto April Solei Abilene potter WITHOUT OR .WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT SUNDAY VOL. LXIII, NO. 312. A TEXAS NEWSPAPEH TEXAS. SUNDAY MOANING, APRIL 23, 1 944 -THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS FIVE MARIANAS BOMBED FIRST TIME Hanwing Continues at Full Blast Nearly Planes Aid In Bombing Hamm, Coast Mi LONDON, Sunday, April fleets of-nearly and Allied bombers and fighters smashed the Gertna'n rail center of Hamm, coastal fortifica- tions in France, and airfields in Belgium and France yester- day in history's greatest aerial offensive, which apparently jitill was under way early today after a week in which of explosives had been hurled onto Hitler's continental rampants. A U. S. Air Force bulletin issued early Sunday morning said "satisfactory results" were achieved in the main strike 'at Hamm by nearly Flying Fortresses and Liberators iscorted by Thunderbolt, Mustang and Lighting fighters, but failed to mention any aircraft losses. Large formations of RAF jJombing Shower Does Not Solve invasion Drive LONDON, April 22 The bombs now showering on Western Europe are making the ultimate Al 'Aied conquest easier but probabl are not lengthening the immediat task of breaking into Hitler's fort ress from the sea. Best information is that Germa %lans and equipment for meeting the first phase of the Invasion are pretty well solidified now and It is ieavy bombers were heard outward bound over both the southeast and east coasts of England both last night and early today. Dover Straits residents heard explosions across the channel in France and saw German searchlights at Calais and Boulogne. Axis continental radios laded of the air late last night after warn ing the German homeland tha fresh Allied formations were roar ing Into northwestern and wester Germany. The Amerian. communique term ed Han am, one or Germany's mos important rail traffic centers." Through its huge freight yards Hit- ler must pour his central reserves to donabat thc" long-awaited Allied invasion in the west. "The attack was carried out In conditions of good Russians Report Little War News LONDON April Soviet high command in its shortest communique in months said tonight "nothing of any Importance" occur- red on any sector of the eastern front today, and the Germans explained this by declaring thc Red army was forming Us lines for a big new offen- sive In Poland to coincide with an Allied Invasion from the west. Late Soviet dispatches from the Crimea said the Red fleet was clos- ing in to join land forces ringing the big base of Sevastopol In a1 final as- sault but this draamtic battle, last reported rushing to a climax, was Ig- Finland Rejects Revised Russian Terms of Peace nored In the Soviet daily bulletin. The communique, recorded by the Soviet monitor from Moscow s broadcast, reported only a Friday night air raid on some shale o 1 refin- eries In Estonia and the destruction of 87 German tanks and 54 planes on all fronts during Friday. A lat tacked the By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press Editor Japan's Marianas islands, at the Pacific cross roads to the riave been fco.bed by American commissar of foreign affairs, announced tonight that re- vised Soviet conditions for an armistice had been rejected by the Finnish government, bringing negotiations to a close. The vlcc-commissar said Finland after two months of negotiations had Informed Russia April 19 land-based bombers for the first time. Four-cngined Army and Navy bombers made an over- water round-trip flight ol more than miles and shot their way through 25 interceptors to bomb Saipan and Tin- ian, air and naval bases in thc Southern Marianas. The raid was announced yesterday simultaneously with the disclosure that the American flag had been rais- jiua uuiiiE5 iiiUL.j. ter supplement to the communique said the Germans twice at- ww ihe Russian lines southwest of Narva. Estonia, but both times "were forced to retreat without reaching our first line" and lost 300 dead. Southeast of Stanislnwow in old Poland, it said, a German infantry ad in a vain e o capture a hill. lhat drove westward from the Berlin's military 'commentator, Martin Halensleben, said the eastern Kerch peninsula, captured going through "the quiet before t Altho he Rus- ping Germans in Sevastopol top ..preDarations for forthcoming great battles are continuing on both is stocky, brown-haired Col.- Uldes" he said, "and the Soviet high command apparently makes prepara Gen. Andrei Ivanovich Ycre- tlons to synchronize the impending Anglo-American Invasion with menko, above. Famed as large-scale invasion of their 'savior of he also played leading role in defense! of M o s c o w, was wounded seven times in 19 months. doubtful If the current bombing can knock out mucH of.Jth? are planning to" our 'landing forcer. Nor can bombing or later be expected to blast holes in defenses through which the .invaders can sweep unopposed. Casslno and.Tar- awa have given ample warning on The Germans; western fortifi- calions undoubtedly include many deep, massive, concrete worlts no bombs' could be expected to trate. the bulletin whih aiso did not In- diate what degree ol-reslstane was" offered, by German'fighters.' While this powerful forma-, tlon touched off violent air bat- ffytr Hamm, 60 miles north- west' of smouldering Colotne which again was hit during the by RAF bombers, ware after' wave of American and' British plants beat a bomb tat- too against the Atlantic wall redonbts across the channel nearest EsgUnd. One group of American Mustang has'given tte enemy plenty I fighters, escorting the bombers raid of Ume to asemble all the material Ing Hammlyes erday. reported cat and men he will need In the first a ormation of about 2a Mes phase and lo dig them In against Uerschmttfs assembling the expected Allied efforts at dis- many. odgemcnt by bombing and shell- The Mustangs boxed them In an shot down n. Approximately American Those who talk of frightful British light bombers and lied casualties in the invasion as- f'Shlers dumped at kast 600 tons tault can be only guessing, since 1 on the French coast, making a to- WINDS SPREAD DUST HERE, Sweden PROMISE OF RAINS ixport Request prii' 22 Sweden delivered a negative but of. moisture 'today T7 a I 'The temperature in Abilene fell oncillatory reply today to U. S.I ,y the nigh of 05 Minister. Herschcl V. Johnson on p-riday to a more pleasant maxl- he American request., that this [mum of 79 yesterday, but strong Dusty winds rolled dry dust I In the Abilene area yesterday but I rains which doited the state behind j i'.-cold, front drifting "down from slight, promise country stop delivery of b all-be ar- ngs to.Germany. The Soviet government was re- ported to have joined the United States and British governments in asking that Sweden cease the de- liveries to Germany. The Weather AUII.IiNC ASn VIC1MTV: Bny other circumstance are equally off base. However, the Anzio beachhead op- 'Aratlon in Ilaly has been glaring proof that the initial assault Is no more Important than the follow-up campaign combatting the enemy counterattack. That, ts where the current bombardment is laying Im- jjport ant ground work and pressin g dr and Iiir a much colder Sunday. Mon- nd coniiderible cooler, Frcih ____ __________ _ to sfrons winds Snr.daj, sossiciinj Sunday nirhl. EAST TEXAS: I'irlly tlcmdjr ind much cooier In norlh and central por (Ions, contintud warm In extreme south portion Sunday- Monday, fair ant pot-lion, fresh ID slronr winds Sunday subsiding Sunday nlfhl. WEST TEXAS: Parlly cloudy coaler except in Panhandle and sopth plain Sunday. Sundir. lair and WAI er In Par. tun die. Diminishing wli Sunday. RAF Joins Air War on Balkans Sat. AM Frf. -2 :i HOUH Sit. PM Ft -fi "i si nch Beaumont reported .12 of a nch, Amarillo .15; Fort Worth .02 Houston a trace and San Marco a trace. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Na- ples, April W) night-flying RAF Liberators and Wellingtons have teamed up with daylight American Liberators in pressing through another 24 hours their Incessant pounding of Axis communications in the Balkans and northern Italy, Allied headquarters announced today. The beginning of the fourth month since the Allied beachhead ROTAN, April Sgt. I landings at Anzio, which brought frames W. Fleming, M. one of three the Allied armies nearest to any of sons Mrs. Walter Fleming has given the Axis-held capitals in contincn- to the nation's arrr.ed forces in the tal Europe, found the stalemate current war, has been killed in ac- continuing on the ground along the tion. Ihe War department notified entire front and the Mcd his mother today. n... Sergeant Fleming, an aerial gun on a B-24 and veteran of the North African and Italian cam- the big Allied advantage. Jtotan Airman Reported Dead 11 11 81 Itlfb and low It -9 anil GO. lIlEh and low 31 and no. Sunrise IM] morning: 10 10 p. m. dale year: winds, which at in the after- noon reached 55 miles per hour, whipped up.dust to cut visibility lo a-half mile. At last night visibility lengthened lo seven or eight miles but at the peak the puffing wind still blew at about 35 miles per hour. The Abilene weather stalion, fore- casting partly cloudy and cooler veather for loday, disclosed that the cold front was headed for this section, but warned the situation might change soon. Rain usually follows a cold front, the bureau explained. The cold wave, sweeping south- ward over the state, sent the tem- perature at Amarillo down to 38 degrees and promised cooler weath- er for all of Texas Sunday. In Ihe southwest the weather was to 101 degrees at Mc- Allen, a high for the season. At Laredo the mercury rose to 100 de- grees and it was 90 at Brownsville Wichita Falls had a severe dust storm Saturday afternoon. At Big Spring the 30-mllc-per-hour wind which reached 55 miles per hour in gusts churned up a -blinding sandstorm. Clarendon. In the Pan- handle, reported a 40-mile wind and the velocity at Amarillo was reg: Istcrcd at 27 miles per hour. Pampa and Electra both had hail. Get Heavy Rains KANSAS CITY, April A terrific e. tropical down over most of Kansas and Missouri today, bring- ing many communities the threat of the worst -floods in their history. Many towns ordered evacuation of owland areas and flood warnings posted as far east as the Mis- sissippi river. In some Instances the weather bu- reau quit trying to forecast the crests of overflowing streams and just lold residents to get oufof tbe lowlands. The continuing torrents made any specific predictions use- less. In most, cases, though, the bureau said the Hoods would subside quick- ly once rain stopped falling as low water upstream would enable a quick run off. In Kansas City the 21-hour rail- fall totaled 530 inches, and rain slill was falling without any sign of slackening. Much of the city was flooded, and some areas which never before had been reported under water, were inundated. rms would Impose a burden on e people exceeding their capacity nd that some of the terms were capable of being carried uul for urely technical reasons. Vishinsky said the Finnish repie- ntatlves who came to Moscow arch 27 at the Invitation of the ovlet government included J. K. aaslkivi. They met with Foreign ommlsar Vyacheslav Molotov. These were the Soviet terms htch Finland rejected: 1. Rupture Germany and immediate internment of enemy armies and warships, or their expulsion before the end ol April. 2. Hestorailoii of the Finnish- Soviet treaty of 1910 and with- drawal of Finnish troops to the I'jiO frontier. 3. Immediate repatriation of Russian and Allied prisoners and civilian Internees. This repatriation to be reciprocal. 4. Fifty percent demobiliza- tion of the Finnish army. 5. Reparations of payable In five years. 6. Return of Tetsamo to Rus- sia. 1. If these conditions are ac- cepted, ttye 3oviel government will-renounce Us claim to Hango without compensation. over two more of Japan's mandated Marshall islands in the Central Pacific, and anoi- 'Vistilnsky told a press conference lhat the Soviet government had ad- vised the United States and British governments and that Britain had approved the Russian reply which declared that Finland's reasons for rejecting the armistice terms-were "unfounded." In its noie Russia said that Fin- land already had lost Us Indepen- dence by permitting the entry of German troops and that the real leason for her refus.il was not the payment of indemnity asked by Russia, but Ihe expulsion of German trcops from Finland. Vishtnsky estimated that there were about seven Nazi divisions of that a strong United Slates aircraft carrier force was operating in the Indian ocean with oth- er Allied warships striking at the opposite flank of Nippon's southern empire. On the Oriental land front bolh the Allies and Tokyo claimed new- tains In India and Burma. But there was no word on the latest Japanese imperial army drive, ori- ginating In northern Honan pro- vince, which Chinese sources fearec might develop Into a campaign lo slice of all of eastern China. Japanese armies o.i the offensive in the orient virtually encircled the northern Chinsc- city of Chenghslen and claimed new victories In India and Burma; Chungking- announced crack Nipponese troopsliad driven into Ihe suburbs' of Chcnjliscin from the east and blocked Ihe dismantled railway to thc wcsl, Olher Japanese forces previous- ly were reported a few miles northwest and 20 miles south of the slraleelc Honan province town in China's tiheal country. China's Future Endangered By India Activity By CLYDE A. FARNSWORTH KUNMING, China, April whole mili- tary future Is endangered by tha Japanese Invasion thrust toward tha Allied lifelines In northeastern In- dia and she Is laced with the diffi- cult decision of whether to risk an offensive against the Japanese rear from her Salwc en'river positions. 11 Is conjectural how much the. struggle with Japan might ba shortened by a bold tlirust west- ward from the Salween. But thera Is no question lhat a major Japan- ese success in the drive toward tha !engal-Assam railroad and the. Brahmaputra river In India would ncalculably prolong the war in this theater. f have just relumed from an air tour to the India-Burma front which carried me to one of the toe- holds In Burma secured by air. borne Allied troops on tha enemys Mandalay-Myitkyina railroad inslds Japanese lines. 1 also travelled by automobile down the Manlpur road to the Kohlma. front., One of thc most decisive engage- ments of the war. In the-tast still Is shaping up where the Jlanlpui jungle rolls out of the mountains and engulfs the Brahmaputra plain alongside the Bengal-Assam rail, way. This line is parallel to river transport, the two together forming a feeder line for China's troops un- der Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stllwell on the Ledo road, China also has air transport over the "hump." A Japanese- victory there easily ..ould offset the toe-hold gained by the Allies' nir-borje ex- ploits and indeed It might spell dlJ. aster for the American forces In up- per Burma. Pampa reported .03 of an Inch of Ban Temporary STOCK 22-WV-The Swedish government declared In a communique today that It was ob- vious the British restrictions placed on diplomatic channels were the to 100.000 men In thc coun- try, mostly based in the norlh. The Finnish army, he said, ori- ginally consisted of about troops and home guards, al- though Ihe figure has been consid- erably reduced by Red army action. Finns Think Nazis May Not Lose War By EDWIN SIIANKE STOCKHOLM. April arguing for rejection of Russian armistice terms, Finnish right-wing Clements, headed by Prime Minister Edwin I.Inkomies. contend that Germany still m.iy not lose the war, MomcA tonighti Summarized by Informants from Finland, this Is the taken by the Influential conservative bloc In rain and Electra .02. Gainesville I situation'' got the most rain with .19 of an I temporary. me Ml till! 11 niii of the m 11 ary .hc Bovcrnn.cnt. and therefore strictly Iteranncan Air Force alone carry- Ing the offensive to the enemy. Bad weather which has ham- strung the Allied air efforts to des- J 1113 irtav iv nu lie i II i I within another week hc expect- bombed prime rail targets at Bu- lo complete enough missions to'Barest Turnu-SMerm at tnc ........__.- tT_n_j Yugoslav-Romanian border. paigns, was killed April on a mis- I key rail centers in the Balkans sion over enemy-occupied Europe, continued, but some Libera ors yes- Sergeant Fleming had been on. terday penetrated leaden skies and duty overseas almost one year, andi screens of enemy fighters, which in his last letter to his mother Ln_ 'said cd entitle him to return to the United Elates. Although he never knew It, Ser- geant Fleming became the father a son, Robert Walton. April 16. almost two weeks after the date of his dcalh. His widow, the former Genevive Doughtcry, and Infant son arc at the home of her par- ents In Dcr.ver City, Texas. j Sergeant Fleming, one of Ko'an Tiigh schcoVs greatest foolball play- ers, enlisted In August, 1942, and went to North Africa early last ytar. He had attended Howard Payne college in Brownwood the year before volunteering. :'i His two brothers in service are S. Sgt. James M. Fleming, 25, on duty with the air corps In England and St. Willie Fleming, 30. in the air corps at Barto, Fla. Olher sur- vivors are a sister, Pauline, now arorking at Big Spring, and a half Cecil Edwards, Rolan, Yugosla- Forty-three enemy planes defln- tely were destroyed yesterday by Oiled planes and anti-aircraft fire, ;5 of them shot down by bombers and escorts on the mission to the Balkans. The Allies lost 17 planes, ndudlng eight heavy bombers, in ill operations, which included wide- spread raids over Italy. The enemy jlaiics shot down included five Ital- .an-made macchis. Last night Wellingtons and Lib- erators bombed Ihe Italian ports Genoa, Sanlo Slefano, Livomo (Leghorn) and Piombino. starting fires and disrupting German ship- ping. The Germans facing the Anzio beachhead threw a slightly heavier quota of shells into 'Allied-held ter- ritory yesterday and raided the An- zio harbor four limes'with a total of 37 planes, five ot which were downed by Allied flafc and three by Sptttlrea, oulpoit iilonJi MARIANAS is. iSAlPAN Projected naral for boici in Phitippinel. touthcrn China MABSHAtl 13. UJELANG KWW4LEIN -'PONAPE "WOTJE MocArthur'i planet hi! Jop bent to thc south, proticting flonkiol the NarA Ihruil v1 still Is a possibility Ger- many will not lose the war even If she does not win other words, the struggle may end In a com prom I w." Supporllng this view, this Fin- nish group averts. "Germany's military strength Is unbroken: her supplies slill are uood: strong forces remain at her disposal: her stamina s great; arit) atr.or.R the people and n thc army the belief In Germany's victory Is must conclude that (Im Is working in favor of Finland There still arc several possihllllte thc country may emerge from thc war with success, but If it lo.'f.s its nerve now find in fear of dcaMi dishonorable "tilcidc. then the (u-.iirc will have nothing belter to offrr." Southwest Pacific headquarters said 460 tons of bombs were drop- ped on the Wcwnk-Altape area of northeast New Guinea, "ccntlnulns the ncutKiliiillon" of tlic Wcivak oir and raking Insinuations at the nearby Aitape harbor. The heavy bomb'.r raid on the Marianas last Monday was Ihe fcc- ond American air Wow at Saipan and Tinlan, 125 miles from Guam which ihe Japanese occupied early In the war. In the first strike, by carrier forces, 135 Japanese planes were wiped out, Uo ships sunk and line damaged. The land-based ocmbcrs reported only that they shot down one or two Interceptors. Anti-air craft fire uaj moderate. No other details Mere announced. The attackers cnir.c from the ccn tral Pacific, probably from Enlm- tok in the western air milts to tt-.c southeast. Both new atolti ccupled in the Marshall: Aur and Erikub are In the eastern chain almost within artillery range of two of the four j lemalnlns enemy tasw In thc Mar- shalls which have been undergoing daily air bombardments for months, j Aur Is 12 mllrs rout'i of Malodap and Erlkub Is Fix miles south of Report Ex-Local Flier Missing J. W. Barlee, son of Mr. and Mr.-. R. O. Bartee, formerly of Abi- lene and now residing in Houston, Is missing in action in the European nroa. the War Department announc- ed Saturday. Sergeant Bartee, 24. was at one Wotje. Twenty Marshall atolls are under American rule. Adm. Cluster Nimlti announced continued air sweeps alo.ipc thc Caroline Wands. Four I Islands in the Truk lajoon were hombrd hy Army liberators Tuesday. Xlmllz previously an- Sec PACIFIC WAR. 6, Col. County GOP Chairman Believes Even Snakes Are Trying lo Warm Up to Party HOW PACIFIC DRIVES CAN 'CORNER' JAPS Map above slimvs with Allied forces on offensive drive wliose tempo is stepped up daily, Japs slowly, but surely, will be forced back to their inner defense perimeter around the home islands. A. John, Taylor county Re- publican chairman, fwears even the snakes are trying get on the warm side of the GOPs. He was awakened Saturday morning by a 33-Inch water In his f'.ccic. About 3 am., he felt some- thing slick and Mmy maktnii Us way up his wrist toward his el'cow" In his tlteve. lie said. His wife and children In an ad- jolnlnz room heard him Jump from the and cry. "Snake, turn on the light Thc light came on. the snake still under cover save his head and neck, looked John and John at him, he said. -Brln? a Mick." he and Mrs. John brought him a two-'.jy-fe'jr. In the meantime th? fnakc was makinc his way to the wall. John rammed him to (he wall ar.d held fast. The fnakc ftnirk the Umber rral tinKs then the bed sheet ana t'uiek to It. Another stick brousht him and the make was killed after several attempts. John has built a new Iwo ?'.ory rock veneer hoxe rctent- ly rimer ml'.cs norlh of Abller.e. The fircplac; has not been sealed as yet and Ihe fiiake evidently entered the houre there-, climbing the 'o John's room. SGT. J. W. BARTEE time a member of the famed Lost B.Htalion stationed at Java. He was transferred to the air corps hortly before Java icli to the Japa- esc in March, 1912. and left the i'.ands In time to escape capture. Following his training in the air orps. he wss transferred to Austra- la living back and torth on bomb- mif-Mons to New Guinea as a gunner on a Flying Fortress. He was awarded the Pmple Heart thc ISth Group Device or service while in thc Sculh Pact- The sergeant joined ihe National uard in 1540 while his family was livln? at Olton. A Spring Lake high school, he was working for li-.c Panhandle Trans- pert line wi-.cn he went into duty. Hallsville Hit HALLSVILLE. Arril 22-W Hrnvy rain, accompanied by wind and lightning, uprooled trees and resulted In other damage In this area, tonight. N'o Injuries were reported diately.
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