Abilene Reporter News, April 20, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

April 20, 1944

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Issue date: Thursday, April 20, 1944

Pages available: 59

Previous edition: Wednesday, April 19, 1944

Next edition: Friday, April 21, 1944

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

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Years available: 1917 - 1977

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - April 20, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE r-earl Harbor April Quota April f bttene Reporter TTtl fM'Sr'mk r VOL. LXIII, NO. 309. WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE. TEXAS. THURSDAY MORNING. APRIL 20. 1944 PAGES Associated' Prtsi (AP) United Preu WASHINGTON, April 19--W- The API, and the CIO got togeth- er long enough today lo demand Jointly that price controls be con- tinued Intact and that wages and Clces be brought back to their pt. 15, 19S2, relationship and tied there. Those two great factions of or- ganized labor heretofore have join- on a major .natter only In the Instance of labor's non-strike pledge to the president. William Green, president of the AFL, told the Senate banking com- mittee that "I am authorized to submit In behalf of the xxx organ- izations these recommen- dations: That Congress pass the pending OPA extension bill with adequate funds for enforcement." That Congress extend OPA's ra- tioning "of essential civilian goods and prevent extortionate profiteer- Ing which Is precipitating the In- flationary rise In living costs." That "a restoration of the rela- tionships between prices rind wages which existed Sept, 15, 1942, Is ab- solutely e.vcntlal lo make the law vork ccmtably and build the morale gfl American workers to highest degree of COLONEL HITCHCOCK Court Martial Orders Barkeley Negro be Hanged Pvt. Fred Hurse, 25, member ot the Quartermaster gasoline supply company, negro Camp Barkeley, was found unit, guilty of murder by a Fourth Army gen- eral court-martial Wednesday and his punishment fixed at death by hanging. "With all members of the court concurring, our verdict is that you are to.be hanged" by the'neck." until was the terse verdict Private Hutse heajd the president of the court, George.o. Guiteras, read aftc-r a Bay-long trial. The death penalty was the first decreed by any court-roartlal at Camp Barkeley in the more than three years of the camp's history. Private Hurse, inducted in Miss- ouri in January, 1943, was convicted of the murder last March 22 of Pvt. Eugene Pinchney, also a negro and member of the 434th Quarter- master gasoline supply company. Hurse was on guard duty at the time of the shooting. Three other negro soldiers, all at- tending a dance tor the 434th at Jhs negro service club at Barkeley, were wounded when- Hurse fired a carbine, two or more times, through a door into the crowded dance hall. The shooting occurred about at night and Pinckney died on the way to the post station hospital. Private Hurse testified from the witness stand that he had been smoking marijuana and had drunk two bottles of beer shortly. before going on guard duty, about two hours before the shooting. He said he remembered nothing from the time he started to'.the service club until awaking In the camp stockade the following morning. ber of the famed Lafayette Esca- drllle in World War i, has been killed hi an airplane crash at Salisbury, England, according to an Associated'Press dispatch from New York last night. A member of colonel Hitchcock's family in New. York said the crash occurred during a routine flight, and not In combat. Colonel Hitchcock was assistant military attache for air at the American embassy and commanded a P-51 Mustang group In the 9th Air Support Command. One of America's most famous polo players of all time, Colonel Hitchcock came lo the Abilene air base last December to command the 4C8th Fighter Bomber group then in training there. Tlie 408th also was a P-51 group. Colonel Hitchcock was trans- ferred to an undisclosed assign- ment early this year and pre- sjimably had been In England since leaving Abilene. As a youth of 17, Hitchcock went to France immediately after World War I began and enlisted in the famed Lafayette unit. He bagged a couple of German planes, for which he won' the Pranch croix de. guerre, but later was shot down behind German lines. After a series of prison camps Hitchcock decided to make a break for freedom. When Interviewed in Abilene, the' colonel said, "It's a soldier's dufy to try to escape. If you Just sit there apathetically, you're not doing anything for you country. If you try to escape, you can.'at least keep the guards busy." His escape effort took him to neutral Switzerland after eighl days of travel at night and hiding by day'in forests. He was there a youth of 18, when the war end- ed. Mines Hamper German Advance ALLIED HEADQUARTERS Na- ples, April 19-WV-The strain on battered and overloaded Nazi com- munications supplying German forces on the southern Russian front was disclosed today to have been increased tremendously by the mining of 300 miles of the Danube river, historic and all-Important commercial lifeline of Southeastern Europe. Bn'clsh bombers spent 'several nights dropping mines along the river and shooting up vessels from Budapest to Bucharest. The Axis radio announced that all traffic had been halted on the grcate waterway. The river has been the principal thannel along with Romanian oil, as well as grain and other loot from the Balkans, flowed toward Ger- many. Tis Importance to Nazi war pba1; has become even more vital as the Russian army pushed Into Romanii and Allied bombers from Italy began their methodical de strucllon of rail communications in Hungary. Romania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia. Using Wellingtons and American- built Liberators, the RAP night fliers first went In at very low al- yiude and dropped scotts of mines along the river by parachute. The next night the gunners or a low- flying Liberator shot up and ex- ploded a tanker that spread blaz- ing oil and gasoline among some 30 other crafts, blocking all traffic. Crewmen said the surface of the Danube was blazing for at least yards. Although the operation was trcmely hazardous, both because of nearby mountains and enemy anti- aircraft fire, the only loss was a Wellington that crashed Into the river, born In Alken, S O..' on 'Feb.' .the son of Thpmas'snd Hilch- ccckl He was a member of Lehrhan brothers, Investment' bankers, when he left the United Stales for over- seas duty In World War n. Hitchcock Is survived by a wodow, the former Margaret Mellon; four children, Louise Hitchcock. Mar- garet Mellon Hitchcock, Thomas Hitchcock Jr., and William Mellon Hitchcock, and a stepson, Alexan- der Mellon Laughlln. Tlie widow was reported en route from Fla., lo Alken. What Babe Ruth was to base- ball, Bobby Jones to golf and Bill Tilden to tennis, Hitchcock was to polo. He was rated the greatest polo player of man who changed the international sport from tactics of slapping the ball around smartly among the players and gradually working it down toward the goal posts. Tom- my taught them the art of smack- ing the ball a country mile and generally riding hell-for-leather In its pursuit. A man, he stood five-feet eleven inches and.weighed close to 200 pounds. .Tommy was a pic- turesque, daring figure on horse- back. He caught the crowd's fancy by his Ruthlan power In his drives, many of them carryina fully 100 yards. PRICE FIVE CENTS GOEBBELS PLEADS GERMANS SUCK TOGETHER IN HOUR OF TRIAL LONDON, April W) Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels addressed an unusual ap- seal lo the German people tonight to rally behind Adolf Hitler, ymo celebrates his 55th birthday tomor- row, reminding them that "even :he greatest leaders ot history will be faced with occasional setbacks and defeats." In a similar but more restrained order oi the day to (lie German army'on the occasion of the Killer ilrthday, Marshal Hermann Wll- htlm Goerlng called Tor steady loy- alty to Hivier even though "a thous- and dangers may He ahead." The Gocbbels message seemed significant In Its Implications. The Berlin radio broadcast more than 1.000 words of-an.address It said the propaganda chief delivered on the eve of Hitler's birthday, dwell- ing throughout on the difficulty of the German position, Hie righ'eeous- ness of Nazi war alms and the ne- cessity for sticking together (n the hour of Irlal. On the theme (hat things are not as bad as they seem, Goebbels said: "It will not be possible to form an accurate and Just Idea of the Individual war events and factors which bten derisive In the war until the war Is over." Suggesting that many Germans may not approve of Hitler, Goeb- bels recalled contemporary opposi- tion to Frederick the Great. Of the damage caused by Hie Al- lied air raids on Germany, Goeb- bejs remarked that "ten years after the peace has been .declared there will hardly be any signs left of the destruction caused by the enemy's terror raids." "All of Goebbels said, "con- sider ourselves engaged in the fuehrer's hli'toric mission. For us the war aims are not oniy clearly defined but unalterable. So to serve our alms means to be loyal to (he fuehrer snd to follow him through all the storms of war. xxx." For Germans who might Bonder how Hitler personally is reacting to the current trend of the war, Goebbels gave this picture: "I hive been wlfli htm (Hit- Iff) In happy and critical hours. The fuehrer his always remained (he same. I have never seen him ilesptrale or un- decided, x x x x "The fuehtrtr as the man at tlie lielm has weathered all slorms. .v x Tlie fuehrer Iras never been so dear to us u in moments of greatest xxxi" Hriler himself was silent as he reached an age at which he once indicated he would rather not be fighting. "I am now 58 years Hitler said In his hcydey In April 1939, "and I would rather wage war than when I am 55." Those were the days of thrents and belligerent speeches when he rallied Germany for Its mlltary march, since the German army'j great defeat at Stalingrad his speeches have been few. He has not spoken since Kov. 19, 1943. London Bombed; Defense Evaded LONDON, April 13-Mv-German stabbed at England tonight lor the second successive night but avoided London's bristling defenses, which claimed 13 raiders in a pre- dawn attack earlier today. Bombs fell in three districts In Southeast England. One Nazi bomber crossed the channel only to crash and burst Into flames a few miles Inland. London hud a half-hour alert shortly after dusk but the all-clear sounded without gunfire or oxher incident. The Weather V. S. DEPARTMENT Or COMMERCE IrEATttCR Rl'RFAlI ABILENE AND VICIS'ITV: P.tily clondr lllllc FAST TEXAS: r.rllr Me.Jr TrUir. Thotld.r. Hint (him. It, Urn- ttralin. Wln4i. WEST TEXAS; Pirll, Thotl- im rrii.r. unit tV.m.c in nm- prrAtort Thvrldkr: Kirmer Friday. In- ertliftti winds becoming ilrfinf Fil- Wed. AM Tot.. TEMrERATKRT.R ft 4K Hfrb ST. IIOLB 1 t in n f.n fcmprrafnrtt 9 p. i Open Lwow Attack HAMMERED COASTLINE-Frorii Wewak to Cape Kigby and inland, .the New Guinea coastlme has been under strong Allied attack for many weeks, with major success most of the

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