Thursday, April 20, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - April 20, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE r-earl Harbor April Quota April f bttene Reporter TTtl fM'Sr'mk r VOL. LXIII, NO. 309. WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE. TEXAS. THURSDAY MORNING. APRIL 20. 1944 PAGES Associated' Prtsi (AP) United Preu WASHINGTON, April 19--W- The API, and the CIO got togeth- er long enough today lo demand Jointly that price controls be con- tinued Intact and that wages and Clces be brought back to their pt. 15, 19S2, relationship and tied there. Those two great factions of or- ganized labor heretofore have join- on a major .natter only In the Instance of labor's non-strike pledge to the president. William Green, president of the AFL, told the Senate banking com- mittee that "I am authorized to submit In behalf of the xxx organ- izations these recommen- dations: That Congress pass the pending OPA extension bill with adequate funds for enforcement." That Congress extend OPA's ra- tioning "of essential civilian goods and prevent extortionate profiteer- Ing which Is precipitating the In- flationary rise In living costs." That "a restoration of the rela- tionships between prices rind wages which existed Sept, 15, 1942, Is ab- solutely e.vcntlal lo make the law vork ccmtably and build the morale gfl American workers to highest degree of COLONEL HITCHCOCK Court Martial Orders Barkeley Negro be Hanged Pvt. Fred Hurse, 25, member ot the Quartermaster gasoline supply company, negro Camp Barkeley, was found unit, guilty of murder by a Fourth Army gen- eral court-martial Wednesday and his punishment fixed at death by hanging. "With all members of the court concurring, our verdict is that you are to.be hanged" by the'neck." until was the terse verdict Private Hutse heajd the president of the court, George.o. Guiteras, read aftc-r a Bay-long trial. The death penalty was the first decreed by any court-roartlal at Camp Barkeley in the more than three years of the camp's history. Private Hurse, inducted in Miss- ouri in January, 1943, was convicted of the murder last March 22 of Pvt. Eugene Pinchney, also a negro and member of the 434th Quarter- master gasoline supply company. Hurse was on guard duty at the time of the shooting. Three other negro soldiers, all at- tending a dance tor the 434th at Jhs negro service club at Barkeley, were wounded when- Hurse fired a carbine, two or more times, through a door into the crowded dance hall. The shooting occurred about at night and Pinckney died on the way to the post station hospital. Private Hurse testified from the witness stand that he had been smoking marijuana and had drunk two bottles of beer shortly. before going on guard duty, about two hours before the shooting. He said he remembered nothing from the time he started to'.the service club until awaking In the camp stockade the following morning. ber of the famed Lafayette Esca- drllle in World War i, has been killed hi an airplane crash at Salisbury, England, according to an Associated'Press dispatch from New York last night. A member of colonel Hitchcock's family in New. York said the crash occurred during a routine flight, and not In combat. Colonel Hitchcock was assistant military attache for air at the American embassy and commanded a P-51 Mustang group In the 9th Air Support Command. One of America's most famous polo players of all time, Colonel Hitchcock came lo the Abilene air base last December to command the 4C8th Fighter Bomber group then in training there. Tlie 408th also was a P-51 group. Colonel Hitchcock was trans- ferred to an undisclosed assign- ment early this year and pre- sjimably had been In England since leaving Abilene. As a youth of 17, Hitchcock went to France immediately after World War I began and enlisted in the famed Lafayette unit. He bagged a couple of German planes, for which he won' the Pranch croix de. guerre, but later was shot down behind German lines. After a series of prison camps Hitchcock decided to make a break for freedom. When Interviewed in Abilene, the' colonel said, "It's a soldier's dufy to try to escape. If you Just sit there apathetically, you're not doing anything for you country. If you try to escape, you can.'at least keep the guards busy." His escape effort took him to neutral Switzerland after eighl days of travel at night and hiding by day'in forests. He was there a youth of 18, when the war end- ed. Mines Hamper German Advance ALLIED HEADQUARTERS Na- ples, April 19-WV-The strain on battered and overloaded Nazi com- munications supplying German forces on the southern Russian front was disclosed today to have been increased tremendously by the mining of 300 miles of the Danube river, historic and all-Important commercial lifeline of Southeastern Europe. Bn'clsh bombers spent 'several nights dropping mines along the river and shooting up vessels from Budapest to Bucharest. The Axis radio announced that all traffic had been halted on the grcate waterway. The river has been the principal thannel along with Romanian oil, as well as grain and other loot from the Balkans, flowed toward Ger- many. Tis Importance to Nazi war pba1; has become even more vital as the Russian army pushed Into Romanii and Allied bombers from Italy began their methodical de strucllon of rail communications in Hungary. Romania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia. Using Wellingtons and American- built Liberators, the RAP night fliers first went In at very low al- yiude and dropped scotts of mines along the river by parachute. The next night the gunners or a low- flying Liberator shot up and ex- ploded a tanker that spread blaz- ing oil and gasoline among some 30 other crafts, blocking all traffic. Crewmen said the surface of the Danube was blazing for at least yards. Although the operation was trcmely hazardous, both because of nearby mountains and enemy anti- aircraft fire, the only loss was a Wellington that crashed Into the river, born In Alken, S O..' on 'Feb.' .the son of Thpmas'snd Hilch- ccckl He was a member of Lehrhan brothers, Investment' bankers, when he left the United Stales for over- seas duty In World War n. Hitchcock Is survived by a wodow, the former Margaret Mellon; four children, Louise Hitchcock. Mar- garet Mellon Hitchcock, Thomas Hitchcock Jr., and William Mellon Hitchcock, and a stepson, Alexan- der Mellon Laughlln. Tlie widow was reported en route from Fla., lo Alken. What Babe Ruth was to base- ball, Bobby Jones to golf and Bill Tilden to tennis, Hitchcock was to polo. He was rated the greatest polo player of man who changed the international sport from tactics of slapping the ball around smartly among the players and gradually working it down toward the goal posts. Tom- my taught them the art of smack- ing the ball a country mile and generally riding hell-for-leather In its pursuit. A man, he stood five-feet eleven inches and.weighed close to 200 pounds. .Tommy was a pic- turesque, daring figure on horse- back. He caught the crowd's fancy by his Ruthlan power In his drives, many of them carryina fully 100 yards. PRICE FIVE CENTS GOEBBELS PLEADS GERMANS SUCK TOGETHER IN HOUR OF TRIAL LONDON, April W) Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels addressed an unusual ap- seal lo the German people tonight to rally behind Adolf Hitler, ymo celebrates his 55th birthday tomor- row, reminding them that "even :he greatest leaders ot history will be faced with occasional setbacks and defeats." In a similar but more restrained order oi the day to (lie German army'on the occasion of the Killer ilrthday, Marshal Hermann Wll- htlm Goerlng called Tor steady loy- alty to Hivier even though "a thous- and dangers may He ahead." The Gocbbels message seemed significant In Its Implications. The Berlin radio broadcast more than 1.000 words of-an.address It said the propaganda chief delivered on the eve of Hitler's birthday, dwell- ing throughout on the difficulty of the German position, Hie righ'eeous- ness of Nazi war alms and the ne- cessity for sticking together (n the hour of Irlal. On the theme (hat things are not as bad as they seem, Goebbels said: "It will not be possible to form an accurate and Just Idea of the Individual war events and factors which bten derisive In the war until the war Is over." Suggesting that many Germans may not approve of Hitler, Goeb- bels recalled contemporary opposi- tion to Frederick the Great. Of the damage caused by Hie Al- lied air raids on Germany, Goeb- bejs remarked that "ten years after the peace has been .declared there will hardly be any signs left of the destruction caused by the enemy's terror raids." "All of Goebbels said, "con- sider ourselves engaged in the fuehrer's hli'toric mission. For us the war aims are not oniy clearly defined but unalterable. So to serve our alms means to be loyal to (he fuehrer snd to follow him through all the storms of war. xxx." For Germans who might Bonder how Hitler personally is reacting to the current trend of the war, Goebbels gave this picture: "I hive been wlfli htm (Hit- Iff) In happy and critical hours. The fuehrer his always remained (he same. I have never seen him ilesptrale or un- decided, x x x x "The fuehtrtr as the man at tlie lielm has weathered all slorms. .v x Tlie fuehrer Iras never been so dear to us u in moments of greatest xxxi" Hriler himself was silent as he reached an age at which he once indicated he would rather not be fighting. "I am now 58 years Hitler said In his hcydey In April 1939, "and I would rather wage war than when I am 55." Those were the days of thrents and belligerent speeches when he rallied Germany for Its mlltary march, since the German army'j great defeat at Stalingrad his speeches have been few. He has not spoken since Kov. 19, 1943. London Bombed; Defense Evaded LONDON, April 13-Mv-German stabbed at England tonight lor the second successive night but avoided London's bristling defenses, which claimed 13 raiders in a pre- dawn attack earlier today. Bombs fell in three districts In Southeast England. One Nazi bomber crossed the channel only to crash and burst Into flames a few miles Inland. London hud a half-hour alert shortly after dusk but the all-clear sounded without gunfire or oxher incident. The Weather V. S. DEPARTMENT Or COMMERCE IrEATttCR Rl'RFAlI ABILENE AND VICIS'ITV: P.tily clondr lllllc FAST TEXAS: r.rllr Me.Jr TrUir. Thotld.r. Hint (him. It, Urn- ttralin. Wln4i. WEST TEXAS; Pirll, Thotl- im rrii.r. unit tV.m.c in nm- prrAtort Thvrldkr: Kirmer Friday. In- ertliftti winds becoming ilrfinf Fil- Wed. AM Tot.. TEMrERATKRT.R ft 4K Hfrb ST. IIOLB 1 t in n f.n fcmprrafnrtt 9 p. i Open Lwow Attack HAMMERED COASTLINE-Frorii Wewak to Cape Kigby and inland, .the New Guinea coastlme has been under strong Allied attack for many weeks, with major success most of the <lmc. MRTC Becomes ASTFC; Activity to Be Expanded Camp Barkeley's Medical Re- placement Training Center com- manded by Brig. Gen. Roy C. HeJ- kbower. Is a thing of the past. in its place is the Army Service Forces Training Center, General Hetlebower said Wednesday In an- nouncing the official demise of the MBTO, long the largest single unit at- Camp Barkeley. General Hefleboaer, who has Medical Administrative Corps' 'offi- cer candidate school from the out- set, will be the commanding gen- eral of the Army Service Forces Training Center. No changes In personnel are contemplated. Major difference in the ASFTC and MRTC will be the training of units as such under the new set-up. Heretofore, the MRTC has provld- e" TEN. ALLIED PLANES, 44 MEN SHOI DOWN BY ALLIED GUNS Samet lull nltbl: ft; RinrMe IMi marnln tuiil WASHINGTON'. April second instance ot American troop transport planes coming under fire from Allied as well as enemy anti- aircraft 10 planes shot down and 14 officers and men miss- reported tonight by the War department. Reporting on the incident which occurred at Catania. Sicily, last July 13-14, the department said It was estimated that 50 percent ot Drew Pearson said In his Wash- ington column today that after the Cela incident "we lost a second wave of 21 planes with almost 400 tnree days shot down by Allied naval gunners." Obviously In reply, the depart- ment issued this brief statement: "While the War department nor- mally dries not discuss operations in a British area, it may be said In this instance the United states the loss was due to "friendly" anti- loss in the Catania operation aircraft lire. The department did not say who manned the Aliicd guns, but a Navy spokesman emphasized that the fire did not come from United States naval vessels. Recently, the department has acknowledged that 23 transport planes were shot down with the loss of 410 men on July 11 of Ccla. on the southern Sicilian coast, when Allied anti-aircraft gunners open- ed fire on them. 1U5 (the night of July 13-14. as taken from official records, was 10 trans- port planes and 44 officers and men missing, of which 50 per cent were estimated as having been caused by friendly antf-afrcraft fire." Asked what the British losses In planes and men were on this oc- casion, a department official re- plied that the British would have to make any announcement on that subject. It was understood here however, that the British plane slc for medical department recruits sent to it .through selective service channels. In the future, and be trained.as such, including advanced training that will enable them to lake their places In, active war theaters. In the past, rr.cn given their basic (raining In various battalions of the MRTC have then been as- signed to medical units for addi- tional training before being sent overseas or given permanent as- signments in this country. General Hclflebower also announ- ced activation of three more train- Ing battalions under his command 67th. 63th and Organ- ization of the three taUalions has been completed but full comple- ments of received. trainee.! have not been my [naui Todays announcement, as did the losses were smaller than the Amcr first, followed previous publication lean, of unofficial reports ot such tosses. Salvage Drive Asks Rags Be Collected AUSTIN, April Texas housewives will be urged to turn 'their spring housccleanlng into a battle for rags. The state salvage committee has written local chairmen to step up the campaign for collection of rags irscd in all sorts of war press home to house- wives what they can do this spring while giving their dwellings that spring polish. To Talk Poultry AUSTIN. April sentatives of a dozen South-Centra! Texas counties will meet here to- morrow with OPA officials to rii.s- measures to sssure ccminued poultry production In the ares. Delivered to Reds Thunday, April 20 Finnish government's ne Activation of the three battalions brings to 19 the number of train- ing battaltoas under General Hcfle- bower. The MRTC. was activated R.I of Dec. 1, 1941. and originally Includ- ed four training battalions the 51st, 52d. 53d nnel of about officers and enlisted men. Within a fnw months the war department aulhorlwd addition of more battalions and growth of (he MRTC has been almost continual. Largest expansion came with building of "Carketcy Heights." wlih housing facilities for seven training battalions. Work on this section of tbe omp began In the summer of 1912 rmd was rmhcd to completion that yc.ir. General Hcflebower, Ihcn colonel, established his hc.ido.uar- Urs al Camp Berkeley In Septem- ber. 1M1. and n-.embcrs of his staff, officer and fnlLsifd cadres for tlie four tramtni battalions reported tor duly In November that year. General Kcflcbower received the RUSSIANS CONTINUE GAINS IN SEVASTOPOL VICINITY LONDON, Thursday, April (AP) Germans, lashing out fiercely to save their big base at Lwow, have launched a large-scale attack in the southeastern corner of old Poland, and some towns have changed hands south and east of Stanislawow, the Russians announced last night, but declared the enemy was repulsed. The 5 Ions Minute In Bombs Blast Nazi Territory LONDON, April American and -British war- planes developed the greatest sustained aerial assault of the war today, rounding out a 30-hour offensive against Ger- many and Nazi-occupied ter- ritories during which bombs were dropped almost contin- uously at the average rate of 300 tons an hour, or five.tons a minute. The Allies In more than flights between noon Tuesday and 6 p. m. today poured tons of bombs on selected German targets, the Americans capping ihe period with a blow by heavy bomb- ers and fighters against plane fac- tories and parking fields near Kns- sel and in Germany and Installations near Calais In France. The U. S. Air Forces communique referred lo the offensive as "the air Invasion of Germany." The German air force appar- ently irns driven to tile earth today. Although conditions were Ideal for combat and the Amer- ican ntavles were ferreting out some of Germany's most vital largcls, the Germans put up only a token resistance. The BrllLsh for their part drop- ped a record onc-nlgbt total of Soviet communique which for the first lime in weeks did not record some no- table Red army advance, said that in the Crimea the Ger- mans launched several vain counter attacks on the Se- vastopol Simferopol high- way, but the Russians gained several strongly fortified de- fense centers around Sevasto- pol itself. The Sevastopol battle took, on more and more the character of sclge. The Russians announced they were heavily shelling German positions there. On the Bessarablan front RusslaM reported they took several populated places and enlarged their the west the jDncstr river in. the Chlslnau .the -enemy "and beating off German attempts to regain lost ground. A neirs dispatch from .Moscow said the offensive appeared to be a strong, and syslemallo attack by and Hungarians designed to slave off a drive In the Lwenr ilirecllem by troops of Marsha! Gcrjtory K. Zhukov's First Uk- rainian army. A secondary purpose would be to try to keep the Russians from driv- ing on through the Czecho-Slovalc frontier passes that they reached April 8. The communique said bombers made a mass raid over- night on Lwow. The Red army for some lime has teen at points approximately 45 miles cast of Lwow. the Crimean front, now nar- rowed closely around Sevastopol, the Russians reported they wero steadily overcoming knots of Ger- and elsewhere behind the Nazis' "Atlantic wall." Aerial warfare never before has witnessed a bombardment rl such sustained volume and violence, and the end Is nowhere in.sight. The Allied 30-liour offensive cost less than one per cent of the at- tacking force. All today's operations cret six 'oombcrs and two fighters, the Am- erican communique This brought total U. S. and RAF losses for Ihe entire firound-lhc-clcrk; onslaught to 42 bombers nrid seven lighters. Tlie Americans today reported they shot down 21 o! the small forces of German fighters' that rose to meet them. The three recent pluses of tbe invasion offensive saw about 2.050 American and rlrlflsli bombers of the heaviest lype-s launched ajalnst Ger- many's primrst Urjcts. The re- maimtr-r of Itic Inva- sion sortlrs wrrr mailc by fijrhlcrs, fichlrr-bombers and medium bombers. The rrp.ln attacks were In this American Liberators I and lizliicr.s totaHinsr about 2.000 ting seV. for a mortal blow against the "bitter end" garrison of enemy forces left In the city without hope of escape. Soviet bombers and warships reported effectively blocking all sea. lanes of escape for the German and Romanian thousands Jammed against the burning Sevastopol wharves. The Moscow radio said about SO enemy ships 'had been sunk off the Crimean coast In Ihe first half of April. Petroleum Group fleets President DALLAS, April 19-W-R. C. Ap- plir.g of Ihe United Gas Pipe Line company, Shreveport, La, was elected president of the Petroleum Industry association, and Tulsa, Okl.i. was clwsen us the 1945 con- ference city at a business session of the organization today. A surprise for the ioint confer- ence of the pipe and Petroleum E'eclrlc Supply swociatlcn was pro- vided bv R. w. Perkinpine, Ameri- can Telephone fc Telegraph com- ;nny. New York. At the close ot an illustrated address on communica- tion clrculls for the inch pipe .'iive.- star of pre.WranV ihe''hlt anrt ln OaylighlMine. he cut followin? month Ifie ITuffduy. (tern in tlie ccnfe-rer.cc ball in on the reported Tnc RAF's unescorted I.ar.eaft- j dispatchers' circuit rur.nir.? Ihe full ax Barkeley he aas a veteran of 32 years of regular army serv- ice. Ind'.idine duty in France dur- ing Wealel War I. Other lours ot I ITS BUive reply to Moscow In the lat- effort to get Finland out of the war has now been delivered to the I the Gcn ral Russian go'vcmmcnt through Stock-! holm, Dagens Nyhcter said toda'-. The newspaper stated It had learned reliably that the note re- capitulates the steps during the la.st Russian-Finnish contact, con- cluding with rejection of the terms and assurance, as before-, that Fin- land Mill Is Wiling lo (ir.d a way to peace. There was every indication, how- ever that the wa.s not very forcibly presented, the news- paper fa Id. Warehouse Gutted OKLAHOMA CITY, April 19- fire believed started by lightning UxUy gulled the two top floors of the four-story 0. K. Transfer A Storage company ware- causing damages unoHicul- ar.d at about 11 p. m. Tuesday on the comparatively short flight to Ihe 1'aris arm. prnviiuir.i; a prcat- er weight of horr.ns because of low- er fuel needs. With njaikc io guide Ihem to the area of Ihn rail vards and shops Vairc.s ly fslimilcd at nearly siOO.OOO. at Noisy-lc-Sac and Juvisy and ViP.cneuve, St. George, they obliterated alt four of these main targets with the greatest oner nisht torin.ige- ot bombs ever drop- lied. At tl'.e fame RAF nTojqmtos flew Berlin np.d c'her British mine.s in w.v_- Fourteen tire companies battled the- three-alarm blaze for three hours before bringing It under con- Today ano'lVer 2.000-plane Am- ciican force marte the grand as- s-.iult on lighter firtorlrf In the vicinity of Kawe-1, Germany. of the big lech line from Longvicw. Texas, to the Philadel- phia-New York area and the pro- ducts line from Baytown. Texas, to the same area. The crowd heard (he reports of pumping station attendants, then W. w. Horr.e. vice-president ot the war emergency pipe lines came on fro.-n Cincinnati ivlth a brief mes- sage to the two Vote Bill Passed OKLAHOMA CITY, April 19 soldier vole one on a program submitted by Gov. Robert S Ken- to special session of the Oklahoma legislature law today M House, and Senate rushed t.lrouih (heir cal- endars toward adjournment,