Abilene Reporter News, March 21, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 21, 1944, Abilene, Texas RID CROSS WAR FUND I CAMPAIGN IOX SCORE County quote Contribution! Monday Contribution! to date 9.65 MORNING VOL. LXIII, NO. 279 A TEXAS WITHOUT Oil WITH OWKNSIi TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS COE NEWSPAPER _ABILENE. TEXAS.TUESDAY MORNING, MARCH 21, 1944 -TWELVE PAGES Associated Press (API Untied Frets FIVE CENTS Nazi Troops Occupy H Reds Rout Two Rumanian Divisions Russians Take Germans Surrender Hotel KeyfaiBaseContinental at Cassino ill WITH THE FIFTH ARMY AT CASSINO. March was .11 .innn >h. ._ Rail Junction LONDON, Tuesday, March Russian troops have captured the east hank German base and rail junc- iBn of Mogilev-Podolsk! on the Dniester river and hurled aside two Rumanian divisions trying to bar the Soviet surge into pre-war Rumania, a Mos- communique announced early today. Premier-Marshal Stalin In an or- der of the day also announced the fall of Vinnitsa, the German Bug river stronghold 60 miles northeast '4 Mogilcv-Podolskj, and the com- munique said other Soviet troops driving on Lwow In old Poland seiz- ed 50 villages, Including Korsov, only 56 miles northeast of that big Axis communications hub. The broadcast communique Recorded by the Soviet Monitor quoted Rumanian prisoners cap- lured in the NoTO-Dkrainkji sector north of imperilled as saying that the Ger- mans had shot it leist 179 jJront-linf Rumanians In the Tiack for retreating. Military and political repercus- sions from the Soviet smash Into Rumania were spreading. German troops were said to have occupied Hungary against. Hungarian-. resls- rfice; denied 'thit Russia -umlsUce terms; and' London informant vith .access to underground reports said i1 the Germans were j shiitttng construction workers from Firilind and western Europe to complete i flense" line on river in Central Poland. The Russians apparently were fanning out In the Bessarabian Jiarl of pre-war Rumania toward Carpathian mountains In the vest and the Danube estuary to south. Although the midnight Soviet bulletin did not claim any specific advances during the day, it said that the two Rumanian di- visions been routed at the Dniester, and a considerable num- %r of prisoners taken. fell to the Hus sians Sunday, snd Vinnitsa yes terday, Stalin's two orders of the day said. Hundreds of Moscow cannon last night fired 36 salvoes in salute the victories. 8 Whole German garrisons vir- tu illy were wiped ml In the fighting for Vinnitsa, the com- rnuntaue said. Few escaped. The Germans had retreated across the Bug river which bisects the blowing: up the bridges behind them and liking up po- sitions on the western bank. The Soviets feinted by crossing the Bug six mites north of Vin- nilsa. When the Germans had de- ployed for an attack from the 1 flbrth the Russians crossed south of the city and fell upon them. from the rear, Moscow said. Large 1 quantities of war material were sei7.ed. The Russian news agency Tass aid that In the last two weeks WITH THE FIFTH ARMY AT CASSINO, March Germans have surrendered the Con- .ipental Hotel which they have converted into a powerful fortress but fresh troops infiltercu into the corner of the town last night and heavy fighting was In progress all day today. German parachute troopers who gave up the fight for the hotel yesterday were from Ihe. command of LI. Gen. Richard Hcidrich, who had tested that his first parachute troop division would ihrow the Allied forces out of Cassino. Although he is far from fulfilling the boast tonight, New Zealand Iroops and tanks were encountering unusual resist- ance from a few points in the southwestern part of the tov.n. The valley itself was an extremely hot spot as the Germans sprayed shells over the countryside, which Is just taking ou the appearance of Spring with a fen1 straggling blossoms. The stiffening enemy resistance in the Cassino area was apparent al! along the roads leading to the town. New Zealanders, who had been repairing the roads bareheaded, turned up today with helmets. The manner in which the Germans manage to reinforce their troops still was a subject of specula- tion. The most popular report was that a tunnel runs through Monastery hill from the abbey to the town. Another report, however; said Allied bomb- ing had destroyed the tunnel. Although the battle appeared to be progressing favorably for the Allies, the Germans fought dog- gedly to retain their hold on Ihe southwest corner of the town and on Hill 165 above 11. Indian troops were within 100 yards of the Monastery on 'op of the hill, but are cut off from regular supply lin.'S and arc being provisioned by plane. Possession of Monas- tery hill appeared necessary for control of the situ- ation. Five Nippon A f i I Protected Area AreSunkO Wewak ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Southwest Pacific, Tues- day, March (AP) than 100 American bombers and attack planes sank a five-ship Japanese convoy, includ- ing two vessels loaded with troops, off Wewak, enemy base in New Guinea, Gen. Douglas MacArlhur reported today. "Many numbers of troops and ships crews were the communique said .of the attack Sunday. hea'vyand Mitchell medium bombers with Boston attack._plages caught, two transports of and tons and-three corvettes 70 miles.-northwest ofWewak- Abilenian Helps Smash Convoy First Lt. William E, Church was one of three Texans who iiad a hand in destroying the .Japanese convoy, according to an Associated Press report. He is (he son of Mr. and Mrs. F. E. Church, 1517 North Fifth. Overseas since last Sept. 1, he Tne Russians had routed 12 German divisions in the Ukraine, add- ing: 'The various Soviet advances are making it impossible for the Germans to restore order among their troops and in particular to jsgroup their armor." McNutt Names Aide WASHINGTON. March Chairman Paul V. McNult today announced the appointment of Ver- 0on A. McGce. Wichita Falls. Tr.v., as deputy executive director of the war manpower commission. The Weather T.T. W, E. CHURCH was promoted to first lieutenant at his New Guinea post, he Informed his parents this month. Lieutenant Church, 23 first pilot of a B-24, recently was sent lo Aus- tralia for a rest which he and his crew received after completing a given number of missions. The young flier is a graduate of Merkel high school and attended TexM Technological college where he was a member of the I.fatador band. He also allcnried Corpus Christ! junior college where he re- ceived a private pilot's license in u. s. or COMMERCF. wr.ATHF.R BL'REAll ABtr.EN'n AND VICIX1TV: tloudr TimJaj- Ihratiith Wednesday: day: Ire'll In lltanx T.AST Partly rlaBfly Tartar In etlremr tail tilehl: >oolrr in Mtremr norlhitrit WfdnM- daj: gealltreA ir> eilrrme WfdKrsaar! Tmh oeculonall} itroni TtXAS: rarity Titldar (hroach IVedrKlrfar: cnnlrr TBfio'a; and Tarllar r.IlM: In wind'. frcHrrmri fits Men. AM Son. HOI R Men. r-H Sun. 1 __ the first class 0( civilians trained iRo at 10 in a concen- trated, low'-level assault de- stroyed them all. The Ameri- cans lost three planes. Sighted first by Navy Catalina patrol planes Ihe convoy was sha- dowed until the bombers could ar- rive for the attack. A headquarters spokesman said the convoy appar- ently was headed for Wewak, prob- ably bringing replacements for that garrison's oft-bombed force. The spokesman said it was be- lieved that the convoy had not touched land at Wewak and that our airforce drove it off. The attack demonstrated again Ihe Allies control of air and sea lanes in the Bismarck sea area. Wewak Kself wns hit again by Allied bombers, 113 tons of explo- sives being dropped on airdromes and supply dumps in the ninth con- secutive day of raids. Allied concentration on tills base brings into focus the last remain- ing Japanese strong point In the Bismarck sea area. Madang. anoth- er base on the New Guinea coast about 175 miles below Wewak, had been hammered so often and hard in the past thai airmen reported a few weeks ago they believed the Japanese had evacuated much of their equipment and supplies. American troopers of the First Cavalry division were reported to be pursuing fleeing Japanese Into the highlands of Afanus island in the Admiralties, in mop-up opera- tions after the fall of Lorengau, enemy headquarters, last Saturday. Solomons-based planes conlinued their hammering of Rabaul, New Brilain, dumping 60 tons of Incen- diary bombs on the base. MacArthur in his communique re- port of the bombing described Ra- baul as "now Isolated." Rome is Bombed LONDON. March The Rome radio said Allied bombers blasted Rome and northern Italian largets today in a. widespread blow. LONDON, March pre- lucie to the invasion of Europe more than 700 miles of England's southern and eastern coastline were declared a "prelected area" today with severe limitations on ail ci- vilian movements effective April t The great naval base at the Firth of Forth also was included in tin order by the British military which stated succinctly that it was "for operational reasons." With few author Kits exercise rigid control .ove one except persons 'Vhu reside, in the Hirea, twill be .permitted to enter a 10-mile-deep belt which extends from the wash in fhe'mfd- dle of the east coast to England's southwestern extremity at land's end. Tile order will have a two-fold ef- fect of clearing coastal communica lions for military purposes, auu keeping snoopers out of the Eng- lish coastal area opposite the en- emy-held Netherlands, Belgium and France. BROTHERLY LOVE IS VERY NOBLE, ALSO EXPENSIVE For a display rjf brotherly affec- tion, Calvin Jeter yesterday was sentenced to pay a fine and re- manded to the county jail by Judge Owen Thomas In 104th riistricl court. Jeter u-as brought before Judge Thomas on a petition charging him with refusing to testify in a grand jury investigation ot his brother. G. B. Jeter, who the slate alleged fig- ured in a hit and run automobile accident while under the Influence of liquor.. HASKELL HERO DKCORATED, CONGRATULATED Gen. Douglas MacArthur, Com- mander-in-chief of Allied forces in the Pacific, personally congratulates Lt. Marvin J (Preacher) Hcnshaw, Haskcll, after having awarded the lieutenant the Distinguished Serv- ice Cross on the battlefield. Lieulenant Hcnshaw was the first American soldier to step ashore when Ihc Allies invaded Los Ncgros island of the and (he coveted DSC was given him for his courage and leadership in that important action. Lieutenant Hen- shaws platoon later destroyed 300 Japanese who slormed thc sector the American ciivnlrv- men were defending. The ahnve photograph, presumably taken on Los Ncgros island, was sent Lieutenant Hensliaw's parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Hcnshaw, hy an air corps colonel who was acting aide-de-camp to General MacArthur.' The treasured pholn loaned (o Thc Hcporter-Nexvs hy thc proud parents. Please turn to Page 12 for story 01 Hcnshaw family's fighting hoys. KNOWN DEATH TOU13 IN TRAGIC BUS PLUNGE PASSAIC. N. J., March bodies were recovered tonight, Red Cross Push At Standstill Abilcne's Red Cross war fund campaig failed to move fas i LI. o., itirtllM IJOdlCS WCT6 rCCOVCrCO (Ollight, imitu lu Hime las I bringing lo 13. the known death toil In Ihc tragic plunge of a bus from Monday even to be tern; Sermans Get Set for Last Ditch Stand LONDON, March crniHii invasion Iroops have occupied Hungnry in militant preparation for a last ditch tand against the Red ariny in Inc hills and plains of that re. luclant ally, dispatches from neutral capitals declared to- night. The grey-clad divisions were it. ported liave marched in late Sunday night, despite Hungarian opposition, An Associated press dispatch from Ankara said a diplomat (here, who declined to be named, positively confirmed the German occupation. A Stockholm dispatch said Hun- garian regent Nicholas Horlliv, For- eign Minuter jeno Von Ghyciy, and the chief of the army general staff, den, Grsnz Srombathelyi, appar- ently were Hitler's prisoners In the rcicii. The .Vail troops were report- ed to be mcellnx resistance from Hungarian Iroops as they marched In from old Austria on the north and from on the south, and Hun- garian radio station, prMumibly bached by Premier Nichc'aj Kal- I.1J-, K-as saW to have urr. Ing Ihe people actively op. pose the A Hungarian In Stockholm said Ihe three Hungarian leaders were summoned to Hltlert headquarter, Friday and that they turned down requests for more active military ago nst the Russians-tor "partici- pation in the war without reserve lions.' They were then prevented from returning to their country, From Berlin came -Indication! thit the Nazis wne i u.n.Biii6 m 10. uit M.UWII ui'aui IWL m sue iragic rmmgi A. creagn. foreman of Ihe an ice-sheeted bridge into the Passaic river early today iiirv. n'jt.t mi_______.. grand jury, via Ihc only presented. Qurstioncd by District Attorney Esco Walter, he swore Iliat Calvin Jeter had refused to answer the panel's questions. In passing the sentence Judje Thomas set Ihe jail term until "Mr. Jeter can testify." Jeter was released on bond a few minutes later. thc area of by CAA, Prior to entering the air force, he was employed by the Clinic pharmacy In Abilene. me was among 'those hit. and claimed 17 raiders were M-.ol down. No Terms Offered LONDON. Match Tass report broadcast tonight from Mos- cow and recorded bv the Soviet Monitor said no Russian armistice conditloa? had been handed Prince Bartrj Stirbey. reputed peace cn- vo.v to Caiio. "or any other Ru- manian representative." Thousands of persons lined the hanks of Hie river as thc bus was II-! contributions totaled SI03Ho and nally hoisted from the stream's 18-footr channel to the deck of a barge "arcics were add --------------------------------------------a 40-ton construction crane, short-'0' hundred percent --------------------------------------------ly before 10 p.m. Vice-Chairman Ro Oh Happy Day- Or Was It? Probably heralding the first day o: spring, an Abilene man was fount! contentedly sitting on a curb in the residential rltstricl of Abilene yesterday sans all clothine. He na.s in city J.iil Ust charged with rirunkennfM ar.d Indccenl firm belief the quota could be 'Jl AM Son .IS 31 31 .1% 33 M 39 I 35 t ft 9tt 3S Cl 36 19 .12 19 .11 M 11 11 n .it Hiltli and tempetalftrti 9 p. m. T1 and It. Hich and tow tame dale Uit ytir: M and II. fsiMft Ia-l ll Snnrlie Dili mornlnf: VII, r Baaitl Unlthti Senate Sustains FCC Funds Slash WASHINGTON'. March The Senate sustained today the House aclion in slashing from the appropriation of Ihe Fed- eral Communications commission for the operation of ils radio intel- ligence division and foreign broad- cast monitoring service. The Senate acted. 38 to 22, de- spite protests ot Senator La Pollette (Pros-Wis) that the step would "cripple or eliminate" the only agency monitoring enemy propa- ganda broadcasts. During thc debate, LaFallette told the Senate that the radio Intelli- gence division had located a short I wave transmitter in the German em-! bassv here two days after Pearl! Harbor and had promptly silenced Collahon City's Third Casuolry in Two BAIRD FLIER MISSING OVER NEW GUINEA Bodies were removed from 'the water-logged vehicle with grappling irons, wrapped in blankets, and transported by motorboal lo the hearses stationed alone the shore. Police said Ihey would he placed In an emergency casualty station, set up by thc civilian defense council, for identification by relatives. A'ttr several unsuccessful at- tempts io attach tackle lo the sub- merged bus, thc vehicle was made I fast at as the rescuers worked i'carchS, "residential .olTciurion ar.d rc- Salvagc operations were from scvdrl rescuers exprcaeri fear thc inis. I lsjlc.s tadly damaged In its crash UirnMgh oolicitinE in Ihe dis- Ihc bridge rail, would disintegrate ilm ls complete, with just added to the list, firms. >scoe Blanken- ship ar.d o'.her campaign olficials iverc none too happy over sharp decrease In daily donations but maintained county's ,___ reached by week's end. New firms vvlw.se officials and employes have contributed n hund- icd per cent (o the fund arc La Dress Shop and Einmctt Chandler's Office. Blankcnshin said most noticeable progress w.is made during the day A Reuters dispatch from Stock. Mm said Hungarian troops re- sisted the German march in from both Germany on the' north and Rumania on the- south, but had no details. The Germans were said io have nude their swoop while re- scnl A'icholas Korthy and Gen. Ghczy, Hungarian comrnandtr in chief were held virtual pri- soners afler confeninj al let's headquarters. The Hungarians were widely re- ported during Ihc day to have balk- ed at HHler's demands ihey resist the Ruwlan ntlvnncc, which la threatening to Inundate Hitler's Danublan storehouse and his Bal- kan Allies, and neutral sources said the InvTOlon was nlsc designed to thwnrt any Hungarian peace bid. Turkish sources said the German action wns inspired atso by fear of nn Allied landing in the Adria- tic, a fear raised by thc American bombing of the Hungarian trans- Damibiau rail centers. In (lie day. direct confirm- ation of the occupation came from the German foreign office, which was said by a Zurich newspaper to have declared that Germany was "striving to coordinate all re- sources and forces of southeast Europe against the common Rus- sian threat." This was Interpreted to mean that perhaps the same fate awaits Rumania and Bulgaria. Hungary frequenliy has pictured as holding oul recurrent German demands for more aid In liolrtiny (he p.illilan mountains. The Red Army is already within sight of these peaks which form Hnn- northeastern boundary. Both Washijulon and Moscow have warned Hungary that con- tinued adherence lo Ihe Axis would cniait (he same crushing lh.it avails Ihe Helch. inc nringc rail, would disintegrate "-r-1 i' from the pressure of the holsls Three of the (rapped victims a-ere Blankfnship Mid. reports to be made. primary at Swcctaatrr. basic BATRD, Xfarch ond u. Pobert WalK co-pilot on a Liberator B-2-1 Is mining in ac- tion over New Guinea since March 8. his Mr. and W. V. Walls, wrre officially notified day afternoon by the War riepart- mcm- I His b.n hcarrl from him The bronchi gni-f tohfarch 9 in a Utter dstcrt Feb. 25. 3frrf_ wltfrh liart (3-n rvf ifc i...... pulled out from the rear-end and lop of Ihe vehicle when it was still partly In (he stream. Police olficials saw there wa; a slrcng possibility that additional victims were still in the river, but 'rescue operations were abandoned He leil the United SUtrs last toter, fiymz from Topcka. Kaii From Finns Today STOCKHOLM. March JO I threatened cxtincUon o[ Vesuvius Erupts, Italians Evacuated "For (lie past 34 hours, the' Hun- garian radio has been broadcasting only German said p, BBC report of ar-. Ankara broadcast indicating that Germany hud mov- ed swiftly without sraltir.g for Hun- gary to make up her mind. Tnat the Nazis might be planning simi- lar sieps WBS Indicated In the cpm- fner.t of the Zurich newspaper Zurcher Zeitung that: "The surprifir.p iciicenee ot Ber- indicates military events are NAPLES. March So U, S Army uncles today tcean eva-'' Dl cualfnit more nun 7.000 P." "PP'X mere of in-o il'.lasfs on Ihr 'ly which are, Mrs_ river of molten from the vol Nclohbor Plan ifinkl tcnlght that i'ie Fir.nth CARACA5. Venezuela. March sixteen months he was a wns speculation that the document In a late letter to tv a rate of five to 10 led WASHINGTON, March KOBEHI WALLS military police in thc MP. training with ihc auh but not bcinc a wcmher. He was ttans- frrrcd Into the air corps, took pre- flght st Kelly Field, San Antonio, Lieutcnar.t Wal'.s wrote tl.at he did The white hoi lava was within Diplomatic sources' announced f cull.LLO not propose to fall Intfi the hauls I contact between Ihe two a half mile of San Scb.iMiano al nlcht that Prime Minister oi of the Jaav -Before 1 them smrrnmenl.s. There wa.s jio iiidl-ji p. m. and i'.s stMdy. jciirtiii of Australia would visit e r howmr. of the exact ru- was h-.irvinit budding apri- United Statts sliortly. al the Invl- See M1SSI.NG, Pg. 1, Col. 7 lure of the communique. I cot trees vineyards. of President ;