Wednesday, March 15, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 15, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOX SCORE ON RED CROSS DRIVE Aunty quota Contributions Tuesday Contribution, tp date VOL, LX1II, No7272 NEWSPAPffl Abilene Reporter WITHOUT OR WITH Ol'PMSE TO F1UKNDS OK FOES Wj; SKUTCH YOUK WOULD EXACTLY AS JT ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 15, 1B44 -TWELVE PAGES Associated Frew (APS United Prtst IVf.I PRICE FIVE CENTS Rome Bombed For Eighth Time ,OAS COUPON'A'VALUE CUT TO IWO GALLONS; BLACK MARKETS BLAMED 'iVASHINGTON, "A" card gasoline ration today was lowered to two gallons a week for the entire country, effective .March 22. because of. "critical demands" and imminent gigantic rAck market, which is draining gallons daily from the re- stricted civilian supply. The action means a one-third cut in basic family car rations for all parts of the country except the eastern seaboard where the "A" i.Jlon already is two gallons week- lyT Accompanying the order was another tightfnlnj of restric- tions for issuance of "B" rou- pens in five states of the Paci- fic Coast Ore- gon, Washington, Nevada and that holders of "B" books cannot additional "B" coupons to make up for the lowered value of "A" coupons. %B" card holders in the section lying between (hose-five stales and the eastern seaboard, however, will be allowed some additional gaso- line. The supply situation is not so light there as it Is In the coastal sections. The "B" coupons are solely for occupational driving. Simultaneously with issuance o( the orders the Office of Price Ad- ministration made startling charg- es as to the extent of counterfeit- ing of gasoline ration coupons. Call- ing it the "biggest criminal racket ever to blanket the Slud Polier, director of gasoline ration- ing enforcement, declared: Half of all "C" coupons turn- ed in by filling stations arc counterfeit. In some communities, half of all rations coupons are counterfeit. He named Milwaukee, wis.. and Ra- leigh. N. C., as places where this is (rue, and said the percentage of counterfeit coupons In some other places includes Youngstown, Ohio, and Baltimore, 45 per cent; Newark, 40. Chicago, 35, New York. 25 !o 30. Atlanta. 25, Cleveland 15 to 20, and San Francisco. 15. Under Hie ration, the value of "A" coupons will remain unchanged. Coupons will have to last three instead of Iwo months, however, In areas which here- tofore have had larger rations than the eastern seaboard. Here Is the effect on each section: Eastern seaboard No change from present. Middle-Of-The-Counlry, In- cluding rations cut ont third. Local ration boards authorized to Issue "B" cou- pons for up to a maximum of 475 miles a month of occupa- tional driving instead of 460. Pacific rations cut one-third, ixjcal board directed to issue "B" coupons for no more than 400 miles of occupational driving each'month instead of maximum of 160. OPA Administrator Chester Bowles said- the cuts were made re- luctantly but that "we are entering a period in which critical demands will be made on our limited sup- plies of gasoline and we are enter- ing it with supplies that are sharp- ly limited as the result of war de- mands." s Slaughter Trapped Nazis GERMAN AIR BASE thcfiiom the Gcr- Aan fighter and bomber base at Lccmvarden, the Nether- lands, during an attack by U. S. Ninth Air Force bombers. Biggest smoke column marks what was apparently a hit on a fuel dump. Smaller puffs of smoke rise from a plane dis- persal area. (AP Wircplioto from U. S. Army Air CHURCHILL SAYSAUJET PLAN TO ISOLATE IRISH LONDON. March I these measures must be strength- Minister Churchill announced In and the restrictions on (rave) Commons todav that Ihe Allies (Irc'and in Ihe press yesterday arc the first step in a intend lo Isoiaie Soullicrn Ireland ,0 Isolate Grcal Irom the .miter world during Ihe j Britain from Southern Ireland and critical period which is now ap- also (o isolate Southern Ireland j To the northwest, the Russians: Jiroaching" and declared lint the from the outer world during theUl.w reported continued operations! artual suspension ol travel into'.cptical period which is now up- In the Froskurov area during which I Eire announced Sunday was bin: preaching, x x scvcral localities were captured the tint step In the carrying out' Strong German counterattacks were i of tins policy. j Statement Upsets The next steps were not disci os- r; cri. but Churchill's grave declara-I 11 re lion, dclining ihe Irish problem j Report Victory On Two Majof Fighting Fronts LONDON, Mar. (AP) Moscow announced tonight that the Red army had trap- ped "several German divi- sions" in the Southern Uk- raine and killed of the Nazis and captured another as they tried to break out, while other Soviet forces drove to within 28 miles of the big Black sea port of Ni- kolaev. Both of these victories were scor- ed by Gen. Rodion Y. Malinovsky's third Ukrainian front army, the Soviet daily 'communique said. The stab toward Nikolaev was made by a column which raced 22 miles in 24 hours to capture the town of Shirokaya Balka, on the west bank of the Dnieper river below captured Kherson. Also swept up in this rapid ad- vance was Belozerka, between Kher- son and Shirokaya Balka, and 60 other communities, the bulletin said. The Russians also are closing in on Nikolaev from the north where they are about 30 miles away Tltc communique said the Russians "encircled a large German grouping composed of several divisions. The enemy launched several attempts in break out of encirclement but was repulsed. "In these attempts he loit up to officers and men. Our troops In this area captured more than 300 guns and various calibers an' look FIVE COMMUNITIES PASS RED CROSS DRIVE GOALS Five communities in Taylor coun- ty outside Abilene Tuesday had passed individual Red Cross war fund quotas and five others had advanced campaigns to a point where they are expected to reach goals by the'-'mek's end. Charles Rulledge. rural Taylor county chairman, listed Tye, View, Caps, Tuscola and Trent as having passed their allocations; Bradshaw, Elmdaie, Shep. Potcsi, and Wylle as Hearing that point; and in the "lagging behind" division he put Ovalo and Lawn. "Response In the county outside Abilene has been generous and quick" Rutlcrfge said Tuesday eve- ning. "Contacting individuals in these communities is much more difficult than- in Abilene and. we. are.pro'id ot-jhc way' tht volunteci workers have pushed'lhe ciriVe." Tye. with a quota of turned in with a S300 quota, ha.5 reported Caps has 8161.50 credited against a quota; Tuscola went an even roof-top height in strafing attacks I above its quota and Trent Europe Bombers Meet Nolnemy LONDON, March S. P-47 Thunderbolts zipped oycr Northern Prance today at almost on two coastal sections, without meeting a single Nazi fighter. The sweeps by the versatile planes, once used exclusively as inieh-altltude fighters, followed British night assaluls on the French rail center of Le Mans. anil on Frankfurt in Germany. German bombers raided London with incendiaries and some high explosives tonight in the British capital's first attack since March 2. Some casualties resulted. An indication that the RAF also was winging across the channel again, taking advantage of the darkened phase the moon, was given by the Frankfurt radio which left the air at pm. (German time) with a warning that Allied aircraft were approach- ing. Europe now has been hit nearlv every day and night this monlli. Meantime, German bombers re- sumed their fire-atacks on London tonight after a lapse of 12 days, sweeping low over the capital to sow countless Incendiaries and some high explosives. The attack was short but con- centrated and some casualilcj were caused. The rafrt s'.artcr! about an hour before midnight. A German raider crashed In flames In an outer txinrfon dis- trict. Five bombs which rained down In one area Ignited a hus loaded with American service men, but all the occupants escaped. In all. six enemy planes were The Russians also reported heavy fighting west of Kirovograd where more than 70 towns and hamlets were captured. turned in after'having been asked to raise MOO. Bradshaw, already having turn- ed ,In hopes to reach its quo- ta at a public rally-Friday; Elmdaie has raised SS7.15 and is assured of enough to make its quota; Shep plans a rally Friday lo get Its S300; Potosi has made no oflicia incomplete report but Is said to have it's entire in sight and Wj'lic, with a S150 quota and already contributed, has more coming from one unit nnd many other contributions still to be made At Merkcl, Rev. Lev! Price chairman, reported collection to be well over the mark and In sight ol a goal. Falling short are Buffalo Bap, with quota and con- tributed; Ovalo. with quota and 3188.56 raked; and Lawn, with S35Q quota and reported. liutledgc said his committee planned to help all (owns who need assistance In arranging public pro- grams lo complete their drives. Important Rail Yard Precision Objective By EDWARD KENNEDY ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Noples, Mar. was attacked from the air today for the eighth time in the war as Ameri- can Marauder medium bombers, noted for their precision raiding methods, blasted the Prenestiana railway yards in the eastern part of the city. The Marauders flew over the eternal city in three waves, iscorlerf by Spitfires, anil limgcd directly for the supply- :hokcd freight yards wlicrc recent reconnaissance photos have shown large concentrations of rolling stock. The first formation ran into opposition from a number of enemy fighters, but reluming airmen said they had been able to carry out their mission and block the yards at both ends. Numerous hits were seen on freight cars, tracks, warehouses and repair shops. Allied headquarters an FDR Declares Allies to Spare Rome Shrines WASHINGTON; March President Roosevelt assailed today German use of Rome as a "mili- tary center" and reaffirmed the Intention ol the Allies to spar religious monuments If possible. The chief executive said in a formal statement at his press-radio conference that. use, aM the Holy Uie'; wns only...life- .latest of'.Hitler's many affronts to religion and logical step In (lie Nazi jiollcv ol total war-a policy that treats nothing as sacred." "We on our lie added, "have made freedom of religion one of the principles for which we arc "ftghling this war." The statement was regarded as the President's reply lo an appem by Pope Pins to both sides to spari Rome from the ravages ol war- fare. Secretary of Stale Hull air ready has said that (he Gcrmnns would be lo blame If Hie war swept over Rome. Ihe Wealfier CIO Wants Places On School Boards WASHINGTON. March The CIO published a pamphlet to- day asking more reprcscnl.iiion on school boards for labor and urging teachers to join unions "in order to secure for themselves the rights, privileges and conditions which pre- vail x x x in other kinds ol work." Another suggestion is that unions creale a lexlbook committee to work for "proper presentation of labor's point ol view" In the class- room. I'. S. OF COMMERCE WEATHER nt'XEAi; AND VlCIXirV: Cloud] rrllli lEiBueu Iflday and ranslderabl! ctolcr: parllr rlnuir tonlrhl im Tn-jrtdjr and considerable cooler. CAST Tr.XAS: I'tnildcrablc cloajl. ness, irallrred shotveri Wednesday cooler In narth, considerably cooln extreme north partly c'ourir IVednciday nljhl and TKursdAj; con- cooler extreme nnrih and ri.oler in Interior or central porltl Wednesday irallcred thowr portion Wrdnrsdar nlthl. H'lrsr Tr.XAS: Parllr cloudy and continued In Panhandle and M except In Oel Rio rule area Wednesday: parllj rlnyJr nljthl ant) ThuTi- continued In Pahbanrl nlehl. not sn rnld in Pan- id soulh plain Mon. HOUR i Thur5dar afl- Tun. TM Mnr ___II 1.1 .....II IB .....M 12 ii HUh and low lempe m. ;s and fij. Ilich and Ian- >rar: ;l and IK nounced .that, simultaneously with the Marauders' blow at 3 o m e American Mitchell Jombers hammered commun- ications north of the city. The Ilallan ground campaign was bogged In mud and there were esti- mates Ihat at least a week of clear weather would be necessary to bring the soggy earth Inlo shape tor large-scale operations, The Prcncsliana yards which were today's principal aerial larget are not far from the Tiburttna yards, which last were bombed by Flying Fortresses March 4. Prencsllna is a junction point of the Rome-Flor- ence route with the main rail line connecting Home and Adriatic cities. The attack was part of the step- railways vaused 'to be -raided, by Marauders Saturday lor the first time In the war." The Mitchells, also escorted br Thunderbolt tighten, lionib- ed Ihe yards Ttrnl, -10 miles north of Rome, and Orte, approvlmaltly ten miles nearer the city. The raid on Orlc HIS made without opposillon. Opposing patrols engaged In fre- quent sharp and deadly clashes in no-man's land, American troops seizing 13 Nazi prisoners in one such encounter on the Anzlo beach head, but movement of armor was at an absolute minimum. At points the mud was waist deep. A British patrol came across the body of a British soldier thai had been booby-trapped by the Ger- mans with the design of killing those picking it up for burial. The Nazis have frequently planted min- es on their own dead. Yesterday was not sufficiently clear to permit heavy bombers, lo operate, but Allied medium anc flghter-bcmbers made about sorties, attacking German commu- nications In Central Italy, Includ- ing rail bridges at Sarzana anr Vlarcgglo and railway yards al Spo'.cto. Perugia and Tabriano Three Nazi planes were dcstroyec lor a loss of sis Allied craft. U, S, Plane Output Still on Upgrade WASHINGTON, March The Untied Slales produced planes, of which 105.126 were com- bat tvpcs. in the three years end- ing with 1343. Charles E. Wilson executive vico chairman of the War Production board, reported today. Bombs Wreck 52-65 Planes At Wewak By LEONARD MILUMAN Assocjated Press War Editor Intensive Allied air attacks reminiscent of the raids that knocked out Rabaul as a Jap- anese stronghold in the South- west Pacific have destroyed between 52 and 05 planes and churned the enemy air cen- ter at Wcwak on New Guinea with nearly 500 Ions of bombs in three days. General Douglas MacArthur's re- port lortay on the lalesl actions dis- closed a steady decrease In the number of Japanese interceptors sent up from Its five airdromes and a proportionate. Increase In the lon- tagc of explosives dropped. This Is the same pattern. Intensified, de- at Rabaul. That crumbling New Britain base again put up air opposition Sunday igninsl raiding bombers and fight- ers from the Solomon Islands. Japanese planes were destroyed. Marines holding: Tabira, 170 miles from Rabaul, extended their holding on the North Central coast of New Britain with a new landing 35 miles to the southwest. This is between Talasea and the .Marines' Cape Gloucester base. On the north flank of the Bis- marck sea soldiers established firm hold on two little Islands seized oft Manus Island, now flanked on two sides by American forces. Japan's position in Northern Bur- ma was Imperiled by the ogening of another new front along, the mountainous. Western .border -and the deepest penetration'of the Coun- try, 'patrol threw a-road-block-VfjiroferUu! Su- prabiim-MyilkyinR road, of Hie way across narrow Northern Burma, it was the first disclosure, of Allied forces on this highway wilier-runs through Ihe main enemy base at Myltktnya anr> Joins the old Burma road at the Chinese border. The action was about 60 miles cast of Lieut. Gen. Joseph Sttlwell's main forces who are fighting across Northern Burma toward Myitkyina and building a new road to the old Burma route to reestablish a land supply line to China. About 100 miles south of Sill-' veil's m.iln body of troops, a slicablo force of British, crossed Hie Upper river near Tam.intliJ, and pressed deeper Into the Interior. This new front Is sonic 40 miles Inside the In- dian bonier. All of Western Bur- ma ha.s now been pierced by Allied columns. Japanese fighter planes were en- countered mar Ponape In the East-. ern Caroline Islands first time they have been seen in the air east of Truk since January. Three small Japanese carso ships were sunk from a convoy caught near Hollandla. best port on North- east New Guinea. Submarine Corvina Sunk by Japanese WASHINGTON. March Thc submarine Corvina has been losl, presumably under Japanese at- tack, while cruising In enemy-con- trollerl waters far from her home base. Loss o! the submarine, one of the (lect's newest, was announced to- day by (he Navy, bringing to 20 the number of missing since the war started. All but three of them probably were destroyed while raiding Japanese supply lines. being entirely one of security .March For Fifty Million People, The Time Is Here----- INCOME TAX MUSI BE PAID TODAY--OR ELSE THERE'S PENALTY launched here, Moscow said. but beaten back, i By BDMPASS JirtlU. I Berlin radio said Russian trocms i tomes a lime in every mans, opened Ihe package which revealed nisht. under her arm. After a virile, she j mail to D.illas before midnljht last I his income. "Will I go to a hammering toward Rumania have ilifc crossed the Middle Bug river, and And that time Is asked, ji.-actirally In tears. for General Dwight D. Eisenhow-: was cast upon Dublin today by j Turkish dispatches indicated the I midnight tonight, the deadline for cr's troops and plans, implied an: Prime Minister Churchill's warn-'Nalis miSht Preparing a sea- extenMon of reslriclion'; to the jr.. ln border belwecn Northern and! 8 Commms lhal borne evacualion of menaced Odes- travel rc- Southr rn Yreland even slricllons to Eire were but the i semi-blockade of Eire. in a policy designed "to isolate i r n Washington of isontliern Ireland from the ouler' WOVC KUHninQ State Hull said that British meas-' d J to rcslrict Ireland's contacts with the rest of the British ls were practical steps to safeguard'. Officially the sovcrnment .Snow and co.d wa--predicted for tlie lives of American soldiers. Eire, from Prime Minister E, i Behind Schedule filing Income tax returns. Fifty million people In Ihe United States are in the same fis: either they have already, or they had belter. Of the total. 40 or 50 go through thp at ihr local Internal Revenue bureau racii l.our where six dcpul.M and a wilier nccri help. MOM articles of clolhing for the little ex-1 A frequently popped question al l Pay th.at emptlpn she was expecting "any- the olfice of Internal Revenue Is: time." On Tuesday, she returned lor "fin I have to A popular further information In regard lo i variation Is: "I am a soldier's wife her the sarr.e tiny I Do I have to bundle, ff she comes back the deputies ire prepared. They've j People are anxious lo rlo the right memorized [he ambulance tcieplicr.c thing, demitlcs find. They arc often number. j approached bv pirsom who did not njen there is the file ?n Ir.coxe lax rciiirn lasl year calls Ihe office by 'phone, fcrrfst-' and who have made lefs than 5500 >id that al the moment he hsdide Valrra to members of (lie op- nothing to on furllicr steps j position factions solidly support In? a rieputv lo figure their tax In if tlicv are nYalr I The temperature climbed to 78 dc- monlj called the "short" form, and I want lo leave It-.flr tlir I want to no risrht tliliic. 'sSalcmcnl given thc.-n Ijy Ilin.- nil- r worked six works last jr-ar. The law at hand requires filing of income lax. If ihe entire amount cannol be paid today, nobody goes to jail _ ihcy just get penalized. And no. they don't have to sign anything before a notary public. 'Here's hoping." said one fellow. -Ihat by Ihu ilmr next year, the conKrcsMr.cn will all be back on the farm with their big ideas, and let us lime sonic simple Income lax blanks to (ill oat." The taxp.iycr Li >a appreciative soul, beaten though he is. Mrs. Lu- cille Nimr.ally, one "of the deputies. Ins received such anosmo'.is glfii as hose and cologne through the mall. NO deputy is allowed to take gifts from those lie has helped with Income tax problems. but without a return addre.ss attached nobody can complain. With the end of the lax-paying season In sight, .so U tlic end of that thriving lei me help you your Income tax. Signs that sprung over town In Iho unexpected places will go down tomorrow and those folks will have (o return to their normal enterprises. Oh. and if you're one of the 000.000 people tn the United Slates that hope to share the estimated SJOO.CCO.COO refund checks, don't count yocr chickens before they hatch. A waitinz period ol from two lo tour months is ahead of you. and the government will pay interest at a 6 percent annual rate, bcsiuninj tomorrow. Victory Gardeners Granted Extra Gas WASHINGTON. March XI Victory gardeners "again this jear will be granted extra gasoline to travel to their plots hut the allow- ance probably will be less than last year, a fpAesman for the office of Price Administration said to- night. Victory gardeners last year were granted sufficient gasoline (or a maximum of 300 miles of, driving within i sU-rr.onth period.