Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 13, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOX SCORE ON I RED CROSS DRIVE d3unty quota $69,000.00 Contributions Saturday $ 3,065.91 Contributions to date $25,908.18 MDRIVraG WITHOUT OR WITH OFI’ENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES \X'E SKETCH YOUR N^’ORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES'-Bvron - "OL. LXIII,, NO. 270. A TEXAS 2.^^ NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY MORNING. MARCH 13, 1944 EIGHT PAGES Associaled Proa (AP) Xfnited Prm rUJ».; PRICE FIVE CENTS BrÜaîn-Eire Travel Shui Off Rail Line To Hungary Smashec Keds Nearing Major Axis River Base LONDON, Monday, March 1,'i —(AP)— Four big Soviet Ukraine armies slashed the Proskurov - Gusyatin railway jjading into Rumania and Hungary yesterday, fought their way to a point only 22 miles from the important Axis base of Kherson on the Lower Dnieper river, and Meed through 210 localities in almost a mile-an-hour advance, Moscow announced last night. striking on both sides of Pros- WAR RECORD OF HASKELL'S HENSHAWS DISPROVES RUMOR ABOUT UNLUCKY 13 FORT WORTH. March i .sixth in the long line of Hcn.shaw | there. When Second Lt. Marvin J. Hen« ! son.', and enh.'ied ni 1940. before i Manin had played football and Shaw got the DlstiiiRuished Scn icc j ‘^““a'iMed 'viurthe'’cava"y at ' probably got some b^- Cross ior being the first man ashore | j;l Pa.so. then went to Port Ben- I training from games the Hen-In the Los Negras Lsiand landing ning. where he was commissioned ! shaw ••family teams" used to pi he jiLst put one more spike in the old rumor that the Number 13 is unlucky. Uncle Sam was fortunate, indeed, that Mr. and Mrs. J. W, Henshaw of Haskell had 13 children—and that all were sons. Per si.v of the boys are in (he armed forces—four ovcrsea.s—and three are helping build war planes at Consolidated Vultee plant in December. 1942. Last July, he left for Australia. The world has heard how heroic platoon of 30 of the Fifth Cavalry's men wiped out 300 Jap- Of the other five Henshaws in service. Sgt. Otis H.. recently was wounded while on duty in Italy. Cpl. Samuel H. Henshaw is a paratrooper in Ireland: Seaman anese on Los Negros, where Hen- j Second Class A. A. Henshaw is in shaw had been told to defend at | the New Hebrides. alJ costs a bunker near an air i Sgt. Odell Henshaw is at Camp field. I Woltors. and Pfc. Lonnie Henshaw Relative.s thought of the boy who ! Ls at Roswell. N. M. Fort Worth 1 graduated from Haskell high school ■ The other brothers are Dewey. 1928 and after that worked as i R. C.. Carl and Wallace Heixshaw. Marvin 'Preach» Henshaw is the i bookkeeper at Fred A. Sander’s gin ' They live at Haskell. the already severed Odessa-Lwow railway feeding the Germans in the Ukraine, one Ru.s.«>ian force cut the railwav to Gusyatin at a point presumably about 45 miles north of 2%imania's Bessarabian frontier. Moscow’s bulletin declared that the heaviest Russian infiltration beyond Proskurov was southwest of that town in the area where the railway winds down to Gusyatin. 45 miles a^vay. TTie latter point is a j^ction for lines running over the Carpathian mountains into Hungary and Rumania, uneasy Axis satellite states. At the lower end of the 500--^•aile Southern Russian front another Red, army. strucK» 1Ä miles beyond Borislav, eapiured Saturday, to scire Tyagrinka. only 22 miles up the west bank of Ihf* Dnieper river from Kherson. German-held rail and river ^base near the Black sea. said Tnrnopol. at the upper end of the long front, was not mentioned in the regular Soviet communique Ifsierdav. but presumably the Rus-Mans still were fighting in the streets of that strategic city in the southeastern part of old Poland ftfter four days of gruelling struggle. The situation in five kev South-•|^n Russian sectors as outlined of-firially by Mo.srow; Proskurov—More than 10 localities captured. including Mala-shevtsy, fivr miles southwest of Proskurov: Nemirentsky. 34 miles 1‘rthwest of Proskurov; and Bro-27 miles west of Proskurov. Marines Capture Wotho Ate .ondon Acts nformation to Halt eaks West and south of Uman— Sixty localities captured, inelud-inK Gaivoron on the Germans* Buff river defense line; TepUk. district center of the Vinnitsa region 21 miles southwest of V'man. and Kitaigorod, 32 miles northwest of Vman. Nortliwp^t and west of Kirovo-crad—Thirty Incalities captured invading Mokraya-Kaligorka. a Kiev dir.tnct center 60 mile,*! northwest of Kirovograd, and Yanopol, 40 miles west of Kirovograd, Rxi.s.Man forces seizing these points were cleaning out a great expanse of territory approximately 135 miles ft>rth of the Black sea port of Ode.s.sa. Northwest and west of Krivol ^ Hog—Russian troops moving more; LONDON. March 12— T - auk than 50 miles west of Krivol Rog j can . cavy Liberator bombers ma were reachinc out to take fro;.i the <!" military installations mav Ihe Germans being battered >»'' Pas-de-Calais sector of Pra south from Kirovograd. In thisi'°d«> - I'itting the area tor the i scctor Moscow .said t)ie Russians ! sui oe'^Mvr day. and under.si took 5>o populated places, includ-: Ahes nu superiority o in:: Dolinskava rail iunction. 30 of ihr invasion coit.st b\ m miles northwoM of Krivoi Rog. and I without fighter Perepilitsa. 28 miles south of Kiro-#'igrad and 20 miles northeast of Bobrinets. LONDON, Monday, March 13 —(AP)— Travel between Britiiin and Ireland was su.spcnded at midnight "for military reasons of parnn\oiint importance” and it was widely reported in London that this restriction was only the first step dccided upon by Britain and the United States in a nio^ e to isolate neutral Eire. LONDON. Monday, March 13—(AP)—Great Britain has damped tight restrictions on travel between Britain and Northern Ireland and Eire to prevent the seepage of information, in a swift aftermath to Prime Minister Eamon de Valera s refusal to oust Axis diplomatic reprcsntatives from Eire. --------- . - Just two da. the diplomatic exchange Eire and the United States It. «1" be followed by the ta- ."he two islinds wiir be grimed j Sunday except for business or work national importance,'* '’-n «ni'clpated « an after-I math of Eires refusal to oust the I Axis representatives, it is doubtful Tlie statement said: “The government is confident that the people will understand | the farm that military considerations which ; bers—the estimates Full Marshalls Occupation Near One more step toward full oc pation of the Marshall islands disclosed today by Admiral Chester W. Nimitz who said United Slat«»' Marines have taken possession of Wotho atoll. Wotho, whase 1! l.slets include one large enough to use as a fighter plane base, is on the western edge of (he Mar.‘^hnlI'^ b‘'tween Kwajalcin and Eniwctok atolls, both held by U. S. forces. .\merican planes «ere reported at the same time to htive pounded four unidentified enemy bases in the Eastern Marshalls. dropping heavy bomb loads on outflanked and stranded Japanese garrlson.s. .No Japanese planes were seen in the air. and all .•\merican planes returned safelv. IRELAND: AXIS SPY BASE?—Ireland (blacken in), accused by the U. S. of being an Axis spy base, lies adjacent to principal con\o>- lines from America to England (line of ships). As distant circles re\"cal, the Irish haven for German and Jap officials is within relatively short distance of invasion preparations anywhere in Great Britain. Northern Ireland itself is a concentration point for American troops. (AP Wircphoto) BOMBERS IN ITALY RENEW ALLIED HE.ADQURTERS. Naple.«^. March 12—i/P* - .Mhcd airmen thundering nut in 1,700 stone.«, accurately hammered targets in Genoa. Padua. Florence and the French na^ al base of Toulon Safurdav and .sent 36 Naxi planes crashing to earth. .Mied headquarters announced today. Enemy and Allied troops thrust out in exploratory ground patrols require the imposition of these strictions are at present of paramount lmiX)rtiince and will accept them and the hardships necessarily entailed with good will as part of tlieir contribution to the supreme effort of the war that, is to come. “The restrictions will be removed as soon as military considerations permit, and persons who are compelled to postpone their visits home will be given an opportunity of making the Journey as soon as may be possible after the restrictions are lifted.” The order affected not only civilians but service per.sonnel. While the restrictions generally that possibility could not be ‘‘ruled out.*’ The order will affect thousands of Eire men and women employed in Britain’s war lndustr>' and on imtold num-range up to 200.000—in Britain's armed forces. The impact of the order on Eire's economy is certain and Trill affect the pocketbooks of the country's merchants and hostelers. The green countryside as well as busy Dublin long has been a holiday ground for the war-weary, both Britons and Americans, who could get away to enjoy thick steaks, eggs and butter, and whiskey—luxuries only dreamed of now In rationed Britain. Thus the order becomes one price Eiire must pay for Its neutrality. It is obvious, however, that Prime Minister de Valera had weighed this in his decision. ROOSEVELT RECIEVES SILVER STAR — I.t. Col. .Tames Roosevelt (left), USMC, rer.->cs the Silver Star from Lt. Gen. Delos C. Emmons, Commanding General of the Western Defense Command, in San Francisco ccrcmony. The award was made for gallantry in action at -Makin Atoll in the Gilbert Islands. (NEA Photo) UNESCORTED PLANES H FRENCH COAST, RETURN uopvila the nati Marine.«; Of t)ie 32 alni! the Japane.sD arc of at lea.*>t fo\ probablv strong TÌ10SC four are Wotjc and Mill. New.s of the new to the Mar.shalis ( wlien SoiitliweM Pa heightening thrir i file Bl.sniarck sra Nations lake, and eood new.'î came irr ion wek'onird the - of food in Mar.^lialls .‘.till in pos.*^r.«;sion important and fortiiied one.v, Jalult. Malorlap. .loyd Mountain "ops Drive Goa SNYDER. March 12 -Llo\d Mom tain community in Scurry county, . witli a Red Cross drnr quota of, -n $153. raised $215 for the fund in nrn? 15 minutes at a rallv held there Ni^l tonight. E O Wedgruorth. .Scurry , on county chairinHn, announ<Tf’ uhi< In one of ilir br.st coiint\' ralhrs, . \« ith Wedgrworth *;airi. the communit Bu General Douglas Ma^.^rthu^ reported that Japanese planes were «ihnt dn«n in an air attack on Wenak. center of Japanese resistance on ihe northern eoast of New Guinea. Escorted bombers hit the air field there, wrecking additional parked planes. Aith 24 boys in pints of blood Cross blood pia; Tills romniuni Scurrv to go o\ : wortli said He to rracli its qn" (lunches $2.'} rad-Brn Harlc'-s is of Lio.\d MoiintHii bp pledged H5 u.'ieci in Red < ihe irith in top. Wedge-Iv the rountv .Si.tmda-.- as weather improved, and French artillery rolled back two strong German patrolr> on the main Fifth army front near Ca.ssino, Brit ish destroyers again on Tliurs-dflv .«ihcllcd the Aririntlr Island of Korcula. which borders tiie jutllng Prljesar peninsula of the Dalma- Thls was the .second consecutive day that the l.-^land has been attacked bv warships, it lie.s Just off Metwovic and just sonili of the Important Yugoslav pori of Spilt. Just to the west is Die island of Lt^sa wlicrr the Grnuans say British and .^men<■an coinniando,«; have landed Fighter pilotai on the Padua raid in Italv credited with victories inriiKled I.(. .fames H. .tones of piiblin and Lt. Frank J. Butler of San Angelo. le fia' .S tieaw and wide.spread li hlows ro.s( 14 .Allied aircraft. ,1 tíoniber.'^ toiiped off the raids PloreiKT, Padua and Toulon — h ^vrr^ announred Saturda\ -an a.vvniilt on Cienoa and rall-largrts on the ítalian west EXPECTED BY IRISH MINISTER WASHINGTON. March 12—//r— Robert Brennan, Irish mlnl,ster in Washington, doesn’t believe the United Statc.s will put military or economic pressure behind Its request to Ireland to abandon neutrality and expel AxLs diplomats. “The State department has been most friendly.” he told a reporter today, despite Irelands rejection of the American request. Announcement yesterday of this country’s refusal to sell a merchant ship to Ireland was ncccpted generally, however, as a strong indication, that ft stlffcr policy on American economic cooperation with Ireland may be in operation. Brennan denied reports that Premier Eamon de Valera had in-Mrurted him to obtain assurances that the American government does not contemplate any military measure against Ireland. He .said Pro.sldent Roosevelt’s 1942 “no lnvai;ion’* of Ireland promise was reaffirmed when the Irish minister called at the State department shortly after David Gray. American minister to Dublin, delivered tho U. S. note. At that time, Brennan said, he was told neltlier military nor "other measures" would be taken to put pressure on Ireland. The phrase in the .^merlcan message asking removal of Axis diplomats from Ireland as **a minimum’* gave rise to speculation, however, that economic pressure might be put behind the request. Brennan said Ireland's trade balance leans heavily on the side of exports. More Troubles le eiciui b’. R.AF Mosq R cal-and-iiioijse g nirg the woocien an lîonib-wie<keti port the fir.si lime in v Britain, and it ■^as a inmb Liht blow of Japan’s alreadv 'vithering South' 12 s- G' rrfi Biggest Mail Load In From Pacific ¡•WASHINGTON. March 12 W— Nearlv 800.000 letters from sen’ice-mcn in the Pacific to their home folks have just arrived in the United States aboard the Navy’s flying boat Mars, as pan of the freest air mall load in hlstorv. ^.846 pounds. The Navy, announcing this today. said the load was 9.000 pounds heavier than any previous mail __ cargo. The shipment was Dut , nboftrd the .Mars at Pearl Harbor. Tlip Germans offered no figlitr oppo.-sition and for the .second con secutlve day all the big bomber returned home. , The a.ssault mvohed a round-trip ’ of no more than 400 miles with a continental penetration of perliaps lilie.'^ On! turn from prciliecl ta 'Hie communique ar: ground for<-es contunirri v 'o.'^ifion to con.'-olidate a nllv at :.i;y slPii.s tlir tiieir po.'silion.^ iUimnrl il have lakrn toward airdrome on Ihr Nnrtr iiii'.r-inipiTtant sub- Britain coaM. and on I nrl shin huildini; fa- i.sland. in tin- \riiniralt'. one plane failoci to thr BLsmarck .vra. IS attack, other blows New Dellli dl.^paltlirs lìing hlow STOCKHOI.M. hennmbed and The tiemian inlnisler ni edili ntion. ve..t Pacifl.' a Ir Bernhard Ril.'.l. ha.s ilei rerd Ih.,' thè Niizi high command s ( f)uiinuni- que adderl tliat ques must be .sUidied and <hs( us.sefl ituìurri witlir.ui f>p- ui all classrooms hencefi'r'h, Mei- \trnd lui dispatches lo the Suedl'-h pre'^: lasen reported toda>. up in The Weather FI*, ing Forire.ss gunners and P-47 Ihunderbolt escort pilots kiiocked (Invi-i 10 out of 80 German fight- eis in a 3,=»-minute running battle after tlie attack on Padua, with If) falling to the e.s<ort.‘-, , Manv n ttlier enem’.' planes were "(irfinitrlv damaged ' in the baffle , '.vi.irh reti lining airmen tentied the , hig-e.^-, si. ncr the Feb, 25 raid on , Rpgriifhui R Bombing results were j , '•excellent. ’■ a communique said. B' ront ra.->t tliere was no enemv ' opposition over Florence, not even ! anti-alicr; :ifi fire. 1 < Berlin broadca.sis .said 21 Allied ' I^Jane.s \> r re ooun o\er Ilalv Satur- , fi;i' aiirl that Navi liombers In a | aid on Anzio harbor hit .'■uppi' >re.s and damaged a small mr-!CluU1’ ship . At 'Ion! fill JieadquiM'ters sa;d fo- fi.i' , ;iea\ -, L' S I.ibrrators haflh' lied .‘IX \iial militar'.- targei.s. ; n,. i.iding a submarino station In- |.Mrir thr . «'liarf area that wa.^ hit by GEORGE BERNARD SHAW SAYS IRISH JUSTIFIED IN STAND lîoriibs. nd minelaying duties. LONDON. March 12—lAP) — Air air raid warning sounded in London tonight for the first time since last Wednesday. The all-clear was sounded a short time later without antiaircraft batteries ever having gone into action. There were no immediate reports of any bombings. lignific- 4fcwa li. and landed cisco le.ss than a day later. Fran- Request Denied WASHINGTON. March 11 —A revest by the International As-su^fttion of Machinists iAFL) that a wage Increase previously approved for employees at the Lockheed Aircraft corporation. Dallas. Texas, be made retroactive to July 6. 1942. rather than Match 3. 1943. was de-today by the War Labor board. 8.') milc.-s. but its in the fact that it niwi ade without loss even ihoug'n the bombers, were unescortcd. It was the first time in montlis that U. S. Eighth headquarters has announced a heavy bomber operation without a protective umbrella of fighter plane.s—a demonstration Welsh Coal Strike Far From Settled LONDON. Monday. March 13—lA’. --A nndniaht report from the WeLsh coal field.“^ said that miners were sharplv divided in a \otc on calling off tlirii' .vtrlke and It wa.s estimated fhar “not niorr ihan 60 ¡¡crcont” of tiir inoooo involved would return to the pits ioda\. An incomplete count on the ballot nr^ on the quc.'-lion of whether to re.sume work and talk grievances arri.^ liad 50 000 \oiing to rend about 37,000 for remaln- .caid that .Ainencan-Chniese forces, led by tanks, were driving .>;f»’adilv down tho Hukawng valley of North Bur- | ma. They already had cut up ^ Japan's 18th division—veteran con- I queror.s of Singai>ore—and killed at ' lea.st 2.000 Japane.se. Their two- i pronged advance threatened thous- ; ands more of the enemy. i “.Mthough I h.ive often been wrong. I am willing to hazard j the gues.s th.it Ihe entire flij-kawng valley %tIII soon be ojirs,” ^aid Lt. Gen. Joseph W. (Vinegar Joel Stilwell. In a statement. after turn ing out Japan ^a,s ir-ing to make the best of things, even tho^jgh some of the broadcast Japanese sUite-ments strained the credulity of i regular listener?. deeKing reace. ^or example, a Tokyo radio: _____ LONDON. March 12 '/Pi—Prince broadcaster said only four persons: that the time has arrived when ! Barbu Stlrbey. a 74-year-old Ru- were killed and five wounded in some invasion coa.st areius can be ! manian politician, has arrived m the American raid Februarv lG-17; heavily attacked in dailight at iea.si r.-tanbu: .'‘rom Buchare.'^' and 1^: re- on Truk--an attack the Jiipan^^se' occasionally by bombers depending ‘ ported withoru confirmation to have : themselves previously said cost tliem onlv on their own guns for safely, approached the Allies for peace ' 18 ships. The official American The single-handed Liberator mis- ' terms. Reuters .said tonight in a | lUures were 18 Japanese ships sunk sion was the principal aerial ac- dispatch Iro.n Ankara. ' and 201 planes destroyed. I LONDON. Marrh 12 '•’T.—George Bernard Shaw sa\s the Irish are Justified in refusing *o "abandon neutrality by acceding to the United Stales’ request that, she »‘X-pel Axis diplomat,«;, and added that he believes sanctions would "be an Insult to the irl.^hmen fighting with the Allied foree.^ and would have a contrary effect In an exclusive Interview todav v.ith J C Toohil of the Daily Sketrli. Shau av'-erted 'Of co\use thrv are Justified ‘Hie sugge.stion of sanctions is o\it-rageous and an insult t^> the Irlsh-nirn «ho are iighting with the AWird forces, Ii \s quite Inexcusable, • Iy>ng before America entered the var I tried hard to get «Prime Minister Eamon* de Valera to abandon neutralltv and join in. I told him he wovikln t get away with it. He didn't ihlnk he would either, l.ut described my suggestion as contemptible.’ "He said he would fight anybody who invaded Ireland. He said If NEW YORK, March 12—ó-P—Paul ' Germany tried it. England would .Io>eph Goebbels v a CBS bioad<ast f................... fia-, to lia’.e escajjed bv onh. a few it.' he said He saved Irelands minu'e^ from a block-buster cxplo- ; neutralitx- and gave England an ■•jon p luci) wreckeri the Hotel Bris- opportunity—-which is now prescnt-•nl riuniiK an RAF raid on Berlin ed —of making an unusual mag-th«* nislU of Feb. 1,'> nanimous gesture • Quoting a neutral tra\elcr from Asked if the In.sh ’have a real Berhn, CBS Correspondent Glenn grievance against Stadler said tlie NazJ propaganda Shaw replied minister was entertaining a group of high government officials and army generals in the Bristol salon on Unter den Linden when the sirens sounded about 9 p. m. I MARCUS HOOK. Pa.. March 12 GoebbeU said a hurried farewell, f Four men were dead today of vanees againsb Goebbels Barely :::S Missed by Bombs declared in ' be forccd to protect Ireland," I Madrid to- ; "But de Valera did get centurie theni Asked if i^anctions would alter llie Irlsli nentrallt-y viewpoint the pla;, wrlght answered with a hearty chuckle. ’’As an Iri.shman you <Too-hil' should know the answer. Tlie ' effect will be (o the contrary." ¡Australia Asked |To Participate I CANBERRA. Monday. March 13— : I‘V'- Premier John Curtin said to-i day the Eire government had sought j un.successfuliv to get Australia to ■ U.VÎ- pv Uifluf'nce to lla^f' the United 1 States withdraw the recent note -hich asked Ireland to exclude Ger-lan and Japanese diplomats. I Curtin made the statement in reply to questions at a press in- I He said his government had In-1 formed S. M. Bruce, Australian high commissioner in London, that it did : not acquiesce in the request of j Irish Prime Minister Eamon de i Valera, and ’'We said quite defin-! Itelv that Avistralla was In accord ; with the .\merican request x x x and hoped the Erie government would see ii.s way clear to agree.” Unpopular Baby •'You should know. English" We have i Four Killed HEADQUARTEFIS. U. S. 14th .Air Forcc in China. MaiCh 11—(Delayed iThe U. S. 14th Air Force, an ’’undeniourlshed baby,'* ought to be “about the most unpopular thing in Japan when it gets its full growth,” Lt.-Gen. Jos-epr W. Stilwell said In a message of congratulations to MaJ.-Gen. Claire L. Chennault on the first nniversary of the air unit fight* daslied to an automobile and found ! the result of injuries suffered in afety in a bomb-proof .shelter else- ’ an explosion that rocked a research there, it was stated. Stadler said unit of the' Sun Oil company s hat nine da:,s later more tlian $13,000,000 high octane gasoline Mng In China. 000 bodle.s had been recovered and ' plant last night causing damage | The 14th Air Force was 11 the wreckage had not been I estimated by a company spokesman | old March 7. leared. 1 at not more than »16,000. year Stillwell’s message came from the Burm& Jucsles.