Thursday, March 2, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 2, 1944, Abilene, Texas I WAR BOND Over-all quota Total Sales Serici E quota kriet E Silent Reporter r WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT MORNING VOL. LXIII, NO. 259 A TEXAS 3mU, NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING. MARCH 2, 1944 -TWELVE PAGES PffsJ HP) United Prtss (V.P.I PRICE FIVE CENTS fhese Boys Helped at Anzio, As They Wished, and 'Spun In' J By KENNETH L. UIXON (Vcslrrday Ktnmih L. Uixon's story ms of the read-base pilots who champed at the bit while, dirty kept them from supporting t ground troops at Anzio. of how ejr thoujht out loud, prayerfully, of "those poor bastards." Diion didn't quote them by name, and his editors wondered, because Dison Is strong for names. His dispatch to tells why. The pilots jot their Wish; went to help at Anzio. '.Most of the euys I wanted to quote npun in up says Dlxon. Front iine reporters cannot Quote dead after their families have notified. The one most worried though, had curly hair, said.) WITH THE AEF IN ITALY, Feb. 26 you start retracing your swps in any Given theater of war the word "cas- ualties" suddenly loses Us vagueness and becomes an intimate grim and painful thing. It makes you want never to go back to tlie same outfit twice. The same people won't, be there at least not all of them. It makes you understand why some of the veteran soldiers make almost no afraid to; they'd rather go It alone than to the IJierJIa- ble loss, On Mount Lungo half a dozen guys in an Infantry company prac- tically adopted me. They shared their rations and, what's more im- portant, their water, altliough ev- ery drop of water became a preci- ous thing up there. We swapped stories about home, read parts of our latest letters out loud. Everybody looked at the pic- tures of everybody else's wife or sweetheart. They helped me dig a foxhole and we developed a system of checking in down the line one at a time to be sure all of us were till] ojtay after mortar baraecs at night.' The other day I ran Into one of them. He was the only one left. Of the other five, four were dead, one so badly wound- ed he had been shipped home. For a while we talked about how we'd have to look him up after the war. Then 1 went In front of San Pietro I spent nearly a week with another line outfit. In a few days of consiant chelling, air raids and slow ad vances through mud and minefields, I learned to four ot those boys from belief tha'i most men I've known for years. All four survived the siege of San Piclro, which wax something calling (or a .celebration. When I ltd them we agreed we'd have it of these days. But between then and the lime I rejoined the outfit a few weeks later they'd crossed the Flapldo rlv- cj1. There aren't very many men who lived to tell about that (Irst crossing of the Rapldo. The four riflemen from Texas didn't. In Tunisia a gay bunch ef guys in a Flying Fortress rroup made me an honorary member of fbelr outfit. The otlicr day they sent word they Here over here somewhere and for me to come visit them. Before I could get away they flew on the Re- gensburf raid yesterday. Today 1 wrote the story. Tncy wreck- ed the airplane factory there, but three, of the juvs who in- vited me over won't be waiting t the airbase if I go. The engineers let four of us hook a ride on their LST up to the Anzio beachhead. We grimed about 0 rations, swapped cigarettes for fruit with the Italian bumboal peddlers who row from shiit to ship in tile southern harbors. We swat out Ihe near miss when Jour bracketed our ship witn bom'os up Iliei'c In AiiJlo's "bomb all these were thinss we did togeth- er. They made carbon copies of my stories about them nnd passed around "The mast readers you'll ever they said. They were go- ing to save any clippings they got Irom home, but shells kept inter- rupting their work as they buili a beachhead alrbasc- for fighter planes. And then there were funerals. Sev- eral of the guys who were going to save clippings are. buried in the not- so-little beachhead cemetery Half a dozen of Hie pilots were talking about how nrjch they wa'.iS cd to be turned loose in full strength to support the doughboys up on the beachhead, f took notes, names, di- rect quotations, because I wanted to show the constant unity between the alniscn and the Infantrymen when the chips are down. Bui it was two days before I got around to ivrltln; the story ami in the meantime the boys had gotten their wish. They'd "louered Hie boom" on German beachhead positions. I wrote Ihe story, but I wrote it uithout names. Most of the. Itiiis I wanted to rjuott hat spun In up there. Ven nolllled. The one most worried afraid to; Ihey'd rather to It at a time to be sure all ot us were I learned to know lour ot those boys made me an honorary member peddlers who row Irom to ship Half a dozen of the pilot's were spun In up there. f ._ Nip Counterattack Repulsed larauders Increase 'Jjoad by 50 Percent LONDON, Thursday, Mar. Berlin's short and long wave radio stations went off the air last night, signify- ing the possibility that RAF raiders were over Europe again. The. indication of a new night assault on Europe came lifter a day of quiet on, the Allied air front. An increase in the striking i------------------------------------ power of American Marauder 11 i I medium was dis- I Anflnn VKIlPfl Again by Nazi tlosed yesterday in a month- y review by U. S. headquar- ters and the air ministry. During February tons of bombs were dropped in in- dividual plane attacks made as part f( 2o operations, providing an v-average' each pfane. This Is half again_ns large as the aging a few months ago. One explanation for the increase En the average .tonnage Is the number ot attacks made on the Northern French coast, since the snori iiighl aootoi the channel permils heavier loading. It also was announced that the of Nazi ah' bases Feb. 24 Jiy the U. S. Ninth Air Force in- Solved the largest force.of medium bombers ever sent from England. The actual size was not disclosed, but it must have been more than 250 planes, a figure announced for 'Ijv previous raid. Thirteen Marauders were lost in to anti-sircraft gun lire and four to enemy fighters. British Mosquito bombers at- tacked points in Western-Germany night and returned with- loss. The Western European air front wa; quiet today. Air raid, warnings. 'sounded early today in London and almost im- mediately there were sharp bursts of gun-fire from the capital's anti- aircraft defenses. Planes were clearly heard in some sections of the city. Batteries of searchlights swept lie sky and the raiders dived and Aisled attempting to elude their ays. This was [he second successive light alert the city but was he first, between midnight and dawn since Feb. 22. Trie all-clear was sounded at 3 a.m. (British war FDR Meets Allied Asiatic Commander WASHINGTON, Mar. 1 W President Roosevelt conferred today wilh MaJ. Gen. Albert C. Wede- meyer, third member of the Allied high command In Southeast Asia to visit the White House within a "fortnight. Wcdemeyer, who Is deputy chief of staff to Lord I.oyls Mountbattcn, Allied commander in chief in the area, had lunch with the chief executive but did not t'ljelose of his White ifcusc ap- Previously Mr. Roosevelt saw Brtj. Gen. Haydon L. Boatner, chief of staff of the Chinese army in India, who commands the northern combat area under Mountbalten flrhat was on Feb. 19. Pour days Mater the chief executive conferred with Maj. Gen. Raymond A. Wheel- er, who is Mounlbatten's chief sup- ply officer. Tour Again Nazi Lunge On Beachhead Turned Back ALLIED HEADQUAR- TERS, Naples, Mar. Allied forces today blocked a strong German lunge on the Anzio beachhead which may lave been intended to start a offensive. Brief dispatches from the ector reported no great cen- ralized drive toward the sea as having developed yet, al- hough the Nazis applied >ressure 'at several points along the perimeter -of the British and American lines. Field guns and m'prtars_. roaret who o be rna'sfng a.third major effbr to drive-the Allies into (he sea. As the reinforced emmj launched his attack, Allied he'ad- quartcrs disclosed that Field .Marshal Albert Kesselrinf had been equipped with a new "sec- ret weapon" an filled, pilotlMS tank meant (o be steered by remote control into allied positions and detonated in the midst of the defenders. Finns Assail Peace Offer STOCKHOLM, T U u r sda> Mar. 2 (AP) Importan Finnish newspapers aUackci Moscow's proffered pcaci terms today and declared them unacceptable. (Earlier Peace Story Is On Page 12) Wake Given New Attack by Liberators NOTHING SAFE over the Pacific arc scores of islands which have been attacked or may be attacked any forces. The command is selecting those .havering Wake again into the Admiralty Britain! ".....i Hamlin Flier HAMLIN, March First Lt. James rj. Lambdin has been dec- orated with the Distinguished Fly- ing Oak Leal Cluster and the Air according to information received by his wife, the former Avalecn Murphree, a teacher in Hamlin high school. Lieutenant Lambdin was mobil- ized with the National Guard in September, 1940. and was in the first group to come to Abilene and TOPEKA. Knns., Mar. 1 Harry H. Woodring, former secrc lary'of war in an earlier Roosevel cabinet. left today on a second <c astern Irip In the Interests of the term American Dcmo- cralc tarty. The former Kansas governor said he would visit Chicago. New York. Boston. Philadelphia nnd probably Houston, on his current tour and a west roast trip later. This latest Nazi weapon had its initial try-out in the enemy.'s sec- ond big assault against the beach- head just two weeks ago, and was singularly unsuccessful. Fourteen were exploded by Allied artillery as they waddled across No-Man's Land. Punching points probing harder at American and British lines at several points around the approxi- mate 25-mile perimeter of the beachhead, the Germans opened their newest thrust with a strong attack by infantry and tanks about midway between carroccto and Cis- terna yesterday morning after it heavy artillery bombardment ol the entire beachhead. Writing from (he battle (trounrt today, Edward Kennedy of the AMoeialed Trrss saM lhat the "expected German attacks alone Ihe perimeter have hcjttm and is continuing." He said the Nazis were relyinn on steady pressure and occasional jabs behind a heavy mortar bar- rage. Tnc enemy appeared lo have shifted Ihe brunt of his attack sev-1 cral miles eastward from the Car- I roceto-Anzio road, down which he! tried to drive two weeks ago at a Camp mi where he was stalloncd H months before transferring to aviation ca- He trained at Kelly field, San Antonio: Cimnrron field, Oklahoma City; Waco Army Flying school and Blackland Army Flying School. Waco. He did transition flying at Del Vallc Air-Base, Scdalia, Mo., Army Air base and Lnuiinburg, N. C.. Army Air base. JAMES C. LAMBDIN i heavy cosl of. life for limited pains. Observing Ihe massing of German troops in the Cisterna area. Allied ground forces called upon their nir support to help smash the growing enemy assault, and soon squadrons of invader dive-bombers and med- ium bombers poured many tons of explosives into three ravines in which enemv men and armor were concentrated. Tlie Germans stepped tin their Pensions Boosted WASHINGTON, Mar. 1 President Roosevelt signed today ?-aislatton increasing from {60 to S15 a month pensions of veterans of the war with Spain, the Philip- pine insurrection and the China Relief expedition. f n Primary LINCOLN. Mnr. I Roosevelt's name was entered tc- riay in the Nebraska presidential preferential primary April H on Ate Democratic ticket. H hours be- Yore deadline for filing. He been in overseas service' since June, 1913, and Is attached fa the Troop Carrier command, flying C-47s. in treat new quantities of artil- lery and ammunition. The Nat! (tins thundered night and day. (Wednesday's German hlzh com- mand communique said that a "ma- jor er.emy group" had been en- circled Southwest of Cistema and lhat Nazi shock troops had mopped up some Allied strongpolnts. A Ger- man DNB news broadcast dwelt upon the "stralegical hopelessness" of the Allied situation on the beach- head and made the exasperated to hours argument fEXAmAG, 108 YEARS OLD, NOW GIRDLES GLOBE By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor American troops in the Admiralty islands smashed back sharp Japanese counterattack first attempt by enemy land, sea or air forces to regain Momote airdrome. A Southwest Pacific Allied spokesman said less than 100 Japanese were killed, indicating the futile counterattack was made only in small force. "The field will shortly be in full use by our air the Allied command said confidently. The dismounted First Cav- alry advanced slowly behind bombing and strafing planes, incessantly attacking enemy positions around the airfield and elsewhere on Los Negros island. '.'TherifapaneKe had lib' Admiralty Move By ELTON MILLER Associated Press Staff One hundred and eight years ngo today the Texas Declaration of In- dependence was signed nt Washlng- ton-on-lhe-Brazos. Today, the f.otlc Star flag, bathed with the tradition of Goliad, the Alamo and San Jaclnto. is (lying in the Italian mountains and In the jungles of the Soutrnvest Pacific. Texans are paving the highway lo Tokyo and Berlin in the air, oil the sea and by land. At home they are turning out war- planes, ships, bombs, sheik and every other implement of modern warfare. Texas has welcomed to her gates thousands o[ fighting men and delense workers from the old states aild from every state in the union- all here with one task, that ot de- feating Hitler, Hirohito and Iheir children. Hustling Texas is a far different Soldier's Medal to Dyess Widow Monday SAN FRANCISCO. Mar. Posthumous award of the Soldier's Medal for Lt. Col. William E. Dyess. hero of Bataan and author of the "Bataan Death March" will be made Monday at March Field, Calif., to his widow, Mrs. Marajon Dyess at a retreat formation. Presentation of the award will be made by Maj. Gen. William E. Lyi'.d. I commanding general of the Fourth Air force, accompanied by Brig. Gen. Russell E. Randall" com- manding general of the Fourth Fighter Command, and Capt, Sam- uel C. Grashio. also of the Fourth Air Force and only air force survivor of the "March of In this country. The award was made (o Colonel Dyess tor heroism at Burbank. Calif, on Dec. 22. 1943, "by crash landing his plane in a small, vacant lot In order lo avoid hitting civil- ians traveling on a broari road estimate Allicd'trooas I coun-cl- Superior Judge Stanley where a comparatively ralelanding, OTre frammed into the area' I Mosk took under submission (odsv could have been made. This act of j with the weather soir.rwhir mild- a motion by Charlie Chaplin's las self sacrifice resulted In the death r.r stin Iyer to dismiss .Iran Berry's of Lt. Col. Dyess." fighting remained at s virtual stand- lcl'nity suit agaimt the white haired Will Cooperate TEMPLE, Mar. Cockc. San Antonio, advbcd llic 36th division memorial committee here that the. Texas Society of Architects will be happy to .serve as professional advisor In the com- petition for the design of Ihe me- morial. The board of directors of Ihe so- ciety met in Austin yesterday. A cash prize of Sl.OOO has been offered for the best design for the proposed memorial here. Ihe Yteather v. s. nr.pARTMr.NT 01 COMMERCE Chaplin Paternity Case Given Judge LOS ANGELES. Mar. 1 MV-After Texas-Exes Day AUSTIN, Mar. 1 MV-Tomorrow Texas-Exes will turn their hearts to the Forty Acres and either formally or Informally re-pledge their love for their alma mater, the University of Texas said today. It Is estimated that at least of these are In the armed and Texas-Ex day wilt be celebrated around the globe. still on the original front forr.f 60-80 miles below the beach- head. Mrs. Bloodworth Dies at Big Spring, BIG SPHING, March Mrs. Mary Gertrude Bloodworth. former national democratic com- millcewoman from Texas and widow of a pioneer Methodist min- ister, died here yesterday. little actor. Hcr attorney, the veteran Joseph M Scott, shouted that Carol Ann. the'a; four months' old child of Miss Berry asserts Chaplin is J< father. "U entitled to her day in JJ court." Scott demanded that the 31 paternity care be reopened "to per- J] mil E. judge and jury to weigh the issues." He strongly criticized the blood lest which three physicians tcpoit- 3 cd established that the 54-year-o'.d comic ts not the baby's father. I day Ind lonliM am rrtiiT; "rcailnnal ilifM rain OT drltil mil tonlrM: tlliMIr waimtr II day: froh eerailonal CAST rr.VAS: clqndlnn Thursday. Thursday nlfM ir.d Friday and ttlrrmr login Thunlar and TV TilfM and Irr loath Fitdtr; illrhllr Oirmrr tn noith and rxlrtmr aonlh- Mrtnr In northn WEST TKVXS: rarity rleedj Tv.arv dar, TharfUT night Ind Tridar; rircpl rlondr and warmer Hint rain -r In rifl arra rait nl Ihf Prrm rHrr Tharidi; anj Thur'iiT nlrnl: r.Mrr In Panhanrtlr and mulr, TrKax attcrnaAn: frrtH nfra'Lar.allv TtiaKitii. Wed. PM state than it was when George C. Chlldress, a suave orator fresh from Nashville, Teun., delivered Ills do- cument. Ihe declaration of inde- pendence, lo llic conslilutionnl con- vention at Washington on Mar 2, 1836. But Texas today is trying to preserve all those ideals the toll Milam county representative .in- corporated In llic historic paper. The dcclaralion of Independence omplaincd that tnc Mexican gov- ernment had invited Anglo-Ameri- can colonization of this frontier, yet lad refused them the liberty they enjoyed under the Constitntion of he Stales. Colonists had suffered privations, even attacks from Indians lhat were Inspired by he Mexicans, and tlicy had been refused a separate Mexican state. Stephen F. Austin had been im- prisoned, without cause, lit Mexico Dlty for 16 months and the colon- ists were being forced to submit "to the mast intolerable of all tyran- ny, the combined despolism ol Ihe sword and the prlcslhood." The Texans had been attacked. There nas no time to lose. Gen. Sam Houston made the motion to adopt the declaration. It was, un- animously. Quickly following Ihe constitution- al convention 108 years .ago were Ihe events that freed Texas from Mexico's tyranny, climaxed wilh Ihe surrender of Gen. Antonio Lopez rie Santa Anna on the battlefield of San Jaclnto on April. 21. Texans, battling on every front, tods; are doing their share to de- feat yranny. There nil) be no lavish celebra- tions this year, as in the pail, j'.isl work and fight at home and In the war zones. Tattered Emblem Sent to Governor To Philippines WASHINGTON. Mar. ncyor.d the Admiralty Islands lie the Philippines. This was military Washington's reaction today to the news that the combined forces of General Doug- MacArthur had made their long-planned landing to outflank nnd isolate the enemy's withering fortress at Rabaul. Ttie Admiraltys are little Islands almost unknown in this country, but their conquest is considered of great strategic Importance. It may be measured in (licse ways: I. l-'or The Future The SoullMrcsl r.icific ramiuijn notr takes a definite to the nest in the direction ol the 1'hllipnlurs iihcrc AmerkVs laud forces in the Pacific are ilc.Mlncil, some time this jear by nil portents, to conic to prips vvitli armies of Japan in major 2. For The first Amer- ican offensive of Ihe war, the in- vasion of Guadalcanal in August lias been brought to Its logi- cal conclusion the cutting ol: the key b.isc on which the enemj positions in bolli lire Solomon is" lands and New Guinea depended. 3. For The UK New Bril.iin stronghold of Rabati isolated Ihe job there is one ol mopplns mi, and the base has bocn ___ igainsl Ihe Americans, who andcd yesterday. This was clearly indicated 'at Rabaul, 159 miles to the southeast vherc American bombers itruck for the 14th successive day, unopposed. Nearly miles to the north- east on the Central Pacitlc flank closing in on Japanese island out- iosu. low-flying Navy Liberators returned to the attack on Wake sland Monday, the day before the were InvarteW. Tlie raid, announced yesterday at Pearl Harbor by Admiral Chester W. Nimltz, was the fourteenth on the former United States island. Six Japanese planes were destroyed on Ihe ground, anci installations were bombed and strafed. Army and Navy plines joined In striking at by-passed atolls in the Eastern while a tone Navy plane till Nauru Is- land to the south. These actions, ami llial ajalnsl Wake, were carried oul on Feb. 28, With the capture Tuesday of Mo- n'.ote airdrome in the Admiralty Is- lands, every Japanese base In the Central Pacific cast of the Marianas Elands is within range of heavy American bombers. 'The pattern [or the future Bill be to render ineffectual every is- land croun which stands between ns and the Jnpar.ese tendered so u-pjcxs lo the enemy'by MllJ' Willis H' com" the combination of flanking man- m: Handing the 7th U. S. Air Force cuvcr and direct air nnd sea nltack I ln thc Cclltral Pacific, lhat tl'.e cleanup may be spread over weeks or months If that Is cheaper. MacArlhur's communique esti- mated 50.000 enemy troops cut off at Habaul in addition lo 22.000 pre- viously trapped in the Solomons. These forces moreover are addition- al lo perhaps 30.000 cut off In the P.ivitic by capture of Ihe i enemy ba.'c.s at Kwajaicin and Enl- j wetok In Ihr Marshall islands. I .lllncnlicr it .vrrm safe In say that Hie Iho'-milct1; of Japanese soldiers killed and the r.iplurnl in these swerpini; nprr.ilions more than 100.000 line been marooned on a cloicn nr so scattered Islands lo or die undrr Amer- ican commit hara- kiri If thry prtfer. The Ameri- can lives thus savrrl can he creititerl to the tirHlfanl tactics uith which American cora- mandtrs h.ivc fhnkcd rather than assaulted Ibe enemy's heavily fortified II tl II in 35 in lirh ar.d low in 9 p r Ii'l Ur.llhl. AUSTIN. Mar. batllc- tom Texas flag which has flown over the command post of an ord- nance company of the 36th division In Norlh Africa and Italy was pre- sented to Governor Coke R'. Ste- venson today as a keep-sake. Right back to the company went a brand new Lone Star the gift of the governor. Lt. John w. Moore of the ord- nance group wrote the governor. that his company, composed larjc-' lj- of Te.xans. was proud to fly the Ixme Star flag alongside that ol the stars and stripes. The (altered flag was sent to the Mrs. J. W. governor because Moore said it was feared It would be completely des- troyed, adding: hope that yon will cherish it for It has a lot of Interesting his- tory behind It: history that I am unable to disclose to you at present. That would put Wake, and the three Kastern Caroline island strongholds of Truk. Ponape nnd Kusaie next on Ihe IM to be neu- tralized. Truk can be hit from either Enl- wetok. on its northeastern flank In the Western Marshall's, or from mote. on its somhwc.s'.ern flank. But before bombers flv north from Mo- molr. en Las .Vccras island. Ameri- can artillery pobably begin sheiiin; Lorcr.pan and its airdrome across a narrow on the largest of liie Admiralty is- lands. "Kterjtnin; rlkkcrl beautiful- ly" in the invasion of the Ad- Stc PACIFIC WAR. Taje 3, Col. 3 tlie offensives in II.c Central Pa- citic under Admiral Chester W. Ni- Scc Pasc 3. Col. 2 I can tell you that it has flown over Casablanca, Oran and other cities In North Africa before we brought 83, ill at Merkel MERKEU March J. Bland. S3. well known Mcrkd resident who has been critically ill] since Monday night, took a turn for the better today, members of the family rcpoMcd. She is the rr.o'.hcr of R. L anrt Dee It to Italy wilh us September 9." I Bland of Abilene. READY TO PAY Subscribers ro The Re- porfcf-Ncws have been very cooperative in hav- ing the money r e a dy when the carrier boy cr agent calls to collect. Subscribers who pay promptly enable the car- riers and agents to moke their profit and pay their paper bill on time.