Wednesday, March 1, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 1, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE ver-all quota Total Stilts 36, U9. 50 Scries E quota Salt. Serin E VOL. LXIII, NO. 258 SWene Sorter- WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO OK FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 1, 134-1 -TWELVE PAGES Associated Press up) Untied Prtss FIVE CENTS Yanks Invade Admiralties Soviets Reveal Finn Peace lerms llrge Break With Nazis immediately LONDON, Feb. The Soviet government de- ifiianded tonight that Finland tnmediately break relations with Germany and intern all German troops and chips in Finland Soviet aimed help if necessary------as a pre- liminary to "official negotia- tions in Moscow" for peace. Tliis was the foremost of six de- mands broadcast officially over (he Moscow radio and recorded here by the Soviet -Monitor. Official peace fcioves are dependent on the "ler- of military broadcast said. The Finnish parliament lictrt two secret sessions in Helsinki during the (lav lo debate llic. question nf ptatt or continued war Kith Russia, but an official I announcement gave no indica- tion lliat a decision had been reached. The Russians also with "Immediate" acceptance speci- fied that the Russian Finnish <5eace treaty of 1D40 be restored '.J.Hh the withdrawal of Finnish troops to the 1940 borders. Reds Take Pogorelka, Six Miles from Pskov Fortress LONDON, Fcb. tif, announced to- night that the Red army had lorn the Germans from 250 more localities around Pskov, ancient trade cen- ter of the north, capturing Pogorelka, six miles north of the fortress city at the door to the Baltic states. Sixty-five mlies southeast of Pskov other Soviet forces capturdc Novorzhev, 44 miles from the Latvian border, and hurled the Germans from 60 more com- munities in ttie area, said the Moscow communique, Far to the south In the Ukraine Soviet troops were on the mp.rch again and the communique, recorded by the Soviet Monitor from a broadcast, said 70 towns and hamlets were swept up In an advance south of the captured iron mine town of Krivoi Rog. along the Ingulcts river to Nikolaycvka. 26 miles away. In this drive the Russians caplured Ingulets, 15 miles south- west of Krivoi Hog, and its sister town of Shirokoye, four miles southeast. A German broadcast said'the Russians, in this a penetration in "only southern advance admitted one point." Russian location of 'the front around Pskov indi- cated (he Red army now was in the outskirts of the great city upon which hinged the entire German po sition in Ihe north. Four railways and two highways radiate from Pskov and should the Germans lose il their entire position in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania will be menaced. Mobile Russian artillery which has softened the strongest German positions in Russia was presum ably pounding PsV.ov and its outer defenses already, for Russian lines irerc ivUliin easy artillery range. There were indications, however, that llic Germans would make a major stand al Pskov despite the speed of their retreat from Ihe norlh, A Moscow broadcast following the communique said the Nazis put up sliff battle for stiffcr than observers in London had expected. Yank Heavies Drop Bombs On Brunswick Allied Troops lake Shelling at Anzio ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, Feb. German artillery .on heights overlooking the Anzio beach- head below Rome roared into full-throated action today, The Soviets also demanded 'that Allied troops and installations throughout the 100- all Soviel and Allied 'prisoners of square-mile area with one of the heaviest shillings since the r and citizens interned'.in Fin- be released., but said terri- torial questions'would "be left' for ..further negotiations. fronilcast said "a prcminenf Swedish-indusiri--" alist" brought Juho K. Paasi- km, Finnish diplomat, and I Madam Alexandra Kollanlay, Russian ambasador lo Sweden, fojelhcr iri Stockholm on Feb. 16 and Faasikivi asked for Hie Soviet peace conditions. The Russians agretd lo negoliale )with the "presenl Finnish re- gime "on fernn'nation of mili- tary operations." said the broad- cast, recorded by the Soviel .Monitor. According lo the Moscow landing there over five weeks ago. ..'..In a dispatch from, that constricted Allied holding, Ed- ward Kennedy of the Associated Press-said that the Nazis on-any particular target .of the many within their observation, were not Canada's Meat Rationing Off Kollantay transmitted terms: OTTOWA, Teb. 23 Tem- porary suspension of meal raiion- ing in Canada, cffeclive at mld- j night, was announced In commons radio lonighl. 5 I. Rupture of relations with Gcr- ,many and Inlernment of German 'UOOPS and ships in Finland. "If Finland considers herself in- capable of fulfilling this task." Ihe Vlfoscow broadcast said, "the Soviet l-.mton is prepared to render her the! Douglas Abbott, parliamentary as- sistant to Finance Minister James L. Ilsley, told the house that meat- Tuesdays and meat rationing alike would be discontinued. Heavy marketings of Canadian livestock and shipping sl'.orlages which limit exports lo Allied na- assistancc by Iroops and aircraft." 2. Rcsloralion of the Soviet-Fin- nish trealy of 1940 and the with- drawal of Finnish troops to the 0' 1940. 3. The immediate return of So- Jviet and Allied prisoners of xvar as well as Soviet and allied citizens who are kept in concentration camps or who are used by the Finns for labor. 4. The question of the partial dc- of flic Finnish army nill be left to future negotiations In Moscow. 5. The question of reparations for any damage inflicted on the Eo- viet union by Finnish military op- and in Finnish occupa- lo of Russian territory also will be Icfl lo negoliallons in meat consumption in Ihe dominion. No coupons will be needed lor meat or canned salmon bought aft- er midnight. was introduced as a means of building up surpluses of meal for export to Britain and the present surplus position in Cana- da is due to a bottleneck in trans portation nnd shipping." said the prices hoard in a fimuilancons statement "As soon as these conditions are cased and meat supplies can move more freely into export channels, it will be necessary to use rationing again to ensure an equal supply of the reduced domestic allowance for Compromise Service 'Vote Bill Is Backed WASHINGTON. Fcb. 29- A compromise service vote bill pro- viding limited use of the adminis- tration-backcd federal ballot was approved today by Scnalc and conferees. It authorizes use a uniform federal absentee bnl- Colonel Dowman to Midland Command MIDLAND. Fcb. 20 Col Charles H. Dowman, army officer with 2G years continuous exper- ience, today assumed command of the Midland army air field, key hombardier school of Ihe army air forces Iraining command. He succeeds Col. John P. Kcnney. nho has been in command since but were blazing away at <lhe Beachhead in general. Therc- 'ore, he said, the fire was not intensive at any given point. There also were air alerts, Ken- nedy radioed, indicating Ihe Ger- man air force' was out in some strength again afler several days of almost complete inactivity. (Tuesday's German hijli com- mand communique said lhat lion by crack .Nazi troops "led to local improvements of German po- sitions" in the beachhead, tut there Sgt. Virgil Trent, Is Prisoner TRENT, Feb. 29 S.-Sgt. Virgil H. Utley, missing in action since Dec. 28, is now listed as prisoner of ivar of the German government, the War department notified wife, (he former Mildred Nixon. Sergeant Utley was a gunner on Liberator borneer which failed to Wednesday, March German-controll- ed Rome radio, sairl today that it Has unofficially reported (lie Germans had launched a great offensive on llic Anrio beach-, hcail this morning and il was "developing favorably." The broadcast, recorded by the min- istry of information, Quoted "latest reports which have not yel been officially confirmed." SGT. UTLEV LONDON, Fcb. American heavy bombers cli- maxed a destructive' month over Europe today by flying virtually unopposed to blast again al industrial targets in Brunswick. Germany, and military installations about Pas-de-Calais, France. Oul of the great fleets of Flying Fortresses and Uberalors which made Ihe two seperale slrikes, one bomber and eight fighlers were lost. In both cases the bombers y.'erp given tremendous escorts, which shot down three Nazi planes. "Practically no opposilifln enemy fighters was en- counlrred." saiil the communi- que. II pointed oul thai this was the ISlh day in the month fhc EightTi Air Force had on tbc offensive and the Ihlrd lime, in len tlays 11 had ham- mered Brunswick, the sile of big planls manufacluring en- and other parts for Mes- serschmilt rockel shoollng fighters. German air raiders also made a monlh-closing visit to London aft- er a four-night layoff, but the at- tack was light and the all-clear sounded a few minutes alter the alert began. No incidents were reported, al- though one high explosive bomb fell on a sports ground near a capi- tal bank. II oaused no casualties and lillle damage. Record after record was broker during the month' is the Allied ter. effort .against. Germany ex- ganried to 1U greatest Etrengtli of the war. The 19 missions of the Eirhth Air Font by stven Ihe most days it had bwn in action in preceding month. At Icisl 632 enemy aircraft were destroyed while 245 hfarj American bombers 61 fight- ers were downed. In loday's combined operation fix American fighters and two ol the RAF were lost. The 450-mile thrust at Bruns- wick loot the Fortresses and great escort of fighters, over ler- ritory which in the past has been fiercely defended by llic Germans lying as It does on. the direct rout New Landing Seals Fate of Japs in Rabaul Area ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Southwest Pacific, Wednesday, March American troops yesterday struck boldly across the Bismarck Sea to land on the northeastern shores of the Admiralty islands in a surprise maneuver directed by Gen. Douglas MacArthur from the bridge of a warship. The landing not only tightened the Allied envelopment of some Japanese in the Rabaul, New Britain, area but also sev- ered the enemy's east-west chain of supply and offensive bases. The warships carried units of the First Cavalry division across water which a few months ago was considered a "Japanese lake.'" MacArthur watched his soldiers land on Los Ncgros island, off the northeastern tip of Maims island, and received Ihe report from the landing force commander, Brig. Gen. Wil- iam C. Chase, that his veterans had swept aside enemy resistance to seize Momofe airstrip n excellent condition. So completely was (he enemy surprised that not a single Japanese plane or warship appeared to interfere with (he operation which turned the eastern flank of the enemy's once formidable southern defense line. All enemy resistance was rapidly overcome, and (he air- strip when taken was in excellent condition and will be serv- ceablc for Allied planes verv soon. was no indication from either side that the 10 German divisions op- posing the beachhead had opened another general assault on Allied positions.) Skirmishing continued in the broken terrain southwest of the tillage of Carroceto. Despise the bad weather, Amcrl-1 ran invader divebombers acain spread wreckage over three Nazi airfields near Rome LUtorio. I and Guidcmia Mitchell medium return to its base in the North African theater after a mission over occupied lerrilorv. Born in Eskota June ID, 1021, he to Berlin, is the son of Mr. nnd Mrs. I. H. Utley. He was graduated from the i H Eskota high school in 1929 and he Eighth Air Force suffered IL? re and Mrs. Utley were married Fcb I cord loss of heavy bombers. 60 7, 1942. Sergeant Utley entered sevice In September. 1342. and received basic training at Kcarns. Utah. He fin- ished gunnery school at Las Vegas, Ncv. this co-.irse that the during a raid on Brunswick. Jan 111 when 152 Nazi aircraft were de stroycd. Smash Jap Attacks In Burma Jungle NEW DELHI. India. Fcb. 29 Given a "crack they will re- member." straggling Japanese thr of a ro-cc'of 8000 their wounded along (he and jungle trails hi a widespread bombers attack- 1 southward retreat on botli side; The Weather t S, DEPARTMENT Of COMMEKCr WTATHFR RL'HLAU ARII.r..VE AND VICIMT1': Tarli; rlnudj- In rlogdr and warm. acrJiloni or Wfd nrsday nltbl; moitlj cloudy warn rr ThUTidij. EAST TF.XAS: Tartly ctoodv to cloud and warmer. rain or driztl and por lot only If governors certify that it Jan. 28. 1D42. and who has been is acceptable tinder the laws of the ordered to a new undisclosed as- states. 1 signmcnt. ers raked German sun positions north of the bcachcad. In all. the Allied air force made about 630 (lights and lost three planes. Not ,1 Nazi craft was .seen. It was announced (hat an Am- erican cruiser which steamed off the coast near Anzio Sunday nnd it out with German artillery in the hills Korsd "excellent" re- sults. Weather on (lie Fifth and Eighth Army fronts stretching across the shin of Ihc Italian boot still held fighting lo a virtual standstill. pcrately to regain their main lints before Akygb. In a special order of Ihc day. Ad- miral Lord Louis Momubattcn of the Southwest Asia command, told his 14lli army, eastern air command and Arnkan naval forces that they had gained a complete victory and the Japanese attacks have been smashed." The message disclosed that thr former commando chieftain had recently vi.'ilcd the jungle 1 front. Uo rln Fresh ttlnd% tn Ihe WV.ST TF.XAS: Mo tional riln nr rlrltilc (lr Tokyo Attack Feared by Nips By the Associated Tress Jarred by the sweep of American ,ask forces which attached Trill; and the Marianas only 1.400 miles rom Tokyo, the Japanese have awakened to the realization that hey must be prepared to experience air attack at any time now. Berlin and Tokyo broadcasts IMesday reported that stringent steps were being taken as a re- sult. "Japan must be prepared al any time lo sight enemy said a Berlin account, which added that leellng.. the islands were now'a part the front "has been awakened arnotig lite" entire. Japanese nation appearance of the U. S. Fleet off the Marianas." Tokyo broadcasts reported by OWI told of a series of government meas- ures of an emergency nature sug Besting that while the, American naval force was near the. Marianas it was feared it might strike next at Tokyo. "One hss realized that the Ameri- can advance In the Pacific Is no isolated -enterprise In which alter rapid thrusts the attackers recoil to their original said Berlin broadcast. One government order closed al! bars, cafes and dancing places for 12 months beginning March 5 Thirty thousand enlertninment es- tablishments were affected, it was estimated. More than geisha houses 1 Tokyo alone were affected. The geisha girls will be given employ- ment in war enterprises, it was slated. Far-North Soldiers Join Invasion Force LONDON, Fcb. 23 Stales troops who served for many months ns part of the Iceland gar- rison now are In Britain with Gen Dwighl D. Eisenhower's Invasion forces. U was disclosed today. MacARTHUR DIRECTS BLOW MacArlhur was aboard a warship in the landing operation, and di- rected the strike which tightens the Allied grip on Rabaul. 380 miles southeast ol the Admiralty Islands. The surprised Japanese failed to make any air or naval resistance In the landing. Momole airdrome has been rated as one of Hie best developed air- fields in the Southwest Pacific. It is situated near Lorcngau, on the northeast coast of Manns Island, largest Island in the Admiralty group. Los Ncgros bland Is a smaller is- land a short dislance east of Loren- gau. It is in this area, to the east, that' American naval units have in recent days been sinking and damaging Japanese merchant vessels and es- cort cralt. r- PUTS ALLIES CLOSER TO TRUK Wltli flic Amerle the Admiralty, they will not ofily be lu Ihe farlhest north position yet held In Ihe Bismarck archipelago, but In a commanding position to complete the strangulation of Knvi- cng and Rabaul, both of which have been heavily lilt from (he air nnd sea in recent weeks. II also will put the Allies arovmd 700 miles Irom Truk, IhE bis Jap- anese base lo Ihe noi'.heast which wns pounded by American carrier installed In "planes Fcb, 15 and !1.- '.'-C (illl'S rt'Ui iMIU tf. 4 Strategically located in" the .Ad- iniraHlw, the Allies also can hasten the end of the Japanese Madang and Wcwak, about 235 miles toward tliesoiuhn', both lo- calcd on the northeast coast ol New Guinea. The commander of the task forces in the landing was Gen. James P. with Brig. Grn. William C. Chase commanding the ground, force. EorSy Gubernatorial Bailor Count Close NEW ORLEANS, FVb. 29 First scattered returns in Louis- iana's run-off primary tended to support today's prediction by May- or Robert S. Maestri. New Oricans "old regular" leader, that the fight Tor Governor between Jlmmle If. Davi5.-Rong.stcr. and Lewis U Mor- gan, one-time Hucy Long attorney, vould be a horse race. The first 514 precincts gave Davis 55.588, Morgan nil from out- side New Orleans parish whore vot- ing did not end until 9 p. m. dy nd wt In F-l stly rtoudy. ra- and irjirmrr. II til r I rm pen In it rf nic Rrnd roan. IVrdnrsdir nlchl. Illlle Ifrnperilnre rhi In Hit -Von' HOI R Ton P.M Min. 41 11 in IS..... in is..... M 10 n Ilifh and In Snnifl UU Sunrise ........I] ID n __ ttmpf ralnrti lo 9 HEAR OF 'SPIRIT OF HERE'S JUSI HOW II WAS dcscrib' Alain, csn c BV KF.NXFTII WITH THE AET. IN ITALY. Feb. ever "Hear of the "Spirit of If you haven't you will some day. It isn't a thing you can ribe or e.v- All y o u do is tell how it was. and how far it ex- tended. On the beach- head sometimes was "kill any sr.iuts or "how many replacements you going to need, Sometimes il was "how much Sjckcn Ihsy got us outnumbered now. or "counterattack rc- pulstd. sir What's that? Oh, no. sir. this was another coun- terattack." Sometimes it was merely a silent gesture, the cleaning of weapons for another night dash, the grim j slocking of extra ammunition In j thr tp.irc space of a foxhole where a buddy had been before. Sometimes it was viciously, ter- ribly bluer, voiced in one sentence through bearded lips: "What about There are hundreds of stories about the spirit of Anzio. Some of them defiantly gay. some hopelessly stubborn, some u.ish.ikeably con- fident, but the strangest tnlng about the spirit of Anzio was in .how tar it the way I lo advanced air bases.miles away, south of Ihc main Fifth army front. I I The pilot came in to the iirtitccl j'room. closing the door against the wet, windy gusts outside. His jack- et slick with dampness. "Slill someone ask- ed foolishly, he said, "still rain- in R." There was silence a Then someone lighted a cl. The litlilcr's roue! gralrrt noisily agahvsl Ihe flinl. "Those poor said the short, curlyheadcd pilot. "Those poor bastards. Soaking wet all night. Up to their bellies in mud. And they'll catch it again in the j morning if we can't get up there." tell. Ihmicli. Ceilinc might lilt a little. Won't lake much for us to get in." "Damn rie.hl il won't." said Ihc curly "A few frajj bombs would play a lot of hell with dial Jerry concentration up norlb, loo." "Yeah, and I know a couple of Jerry machineguns I'd like lo woric said another. 'Saw 'em pairol (his morning. They were RU- j ine those doughboys hell. Started down to eel Ihcm then had lo so some ME's and didn't have enough gas to go back." They <at still a while, then one or two got up and siartcd pacing back two got up and siarlcd pacing uack and forlh. Every time the cold wind blew a new rattle of rain acalnst the buiidinp jvmiconc Mid "those It was like a prayer. After a while they started lalk- about the German air actlvttv up there, strongest they'd nin Into yet by far; crack pilots, too. They talked about fllk over Ihe beachhead, holtcsl Ihcy'rt hit in a Inrtr lime. Rrlefly .Iiry spoke of hoys who hadn't come back. But they didn't dwell on it. "Wonder If thcyll really lurn us loote if It docs clear someone said Ihey said somelhing about 'walling for targets.'" One of the guys pacing slopped short, whirled around. 'Targets he exploded. "You don't need any targets. There's a bomblme." He pointed to a map of the bcachhcrd. "And lucre's a Jcr- Congressman Dies WASHINGTON. Fcb. Congressman Tliomas H. Cullen iD-NY) died shortly before mid- nlgli! at Walter Reed Hospital of urcmtn. Price Regulations On Mohair Put Off Feb. change In price regulations on tno- hair has been put off at least until the fall elip. FVhcr iD-Te.xi faiti today. FWier fniil a change now was deemed impracticable be- Beef Shortage Is Predicted by McCan HOUSTON. Feb. dent Claude K, McCan, addressing the opening session ot the Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association convention, today fore- cast an npproaching period of ex- treme beef shortage and advocated immediate adoption of the meat management plan. McCan asserted before stockmen from 16 slates lhat cat- tlemen are not holding animals on (lie range for higher prices and denied the existence of a Iced shortage. Allies Not Bluffing, Germans Are Warned LONDON, Feb. 23 Gen. Kurt Dietmar told Ihe German home front tonlghl that Allied in- vasion preparations had been com- pleted, that gigantic iar.d forces and sea and air armadas were standing cause the sprins clip was under way. i by ar.d "they're no oluff." ADMIRALTY ISLANDS STATUU MILES 20 'Think we can fly tomorrow? Someone asked reivcomer. line imiitimf Mid "those "Doesn't look like it new. Can't poor baslaids, those poor baslards." Set SPIRIT, Tf. 2, Col. 1 STRATEGIC troops have lamlcd on Ihc Admiralty islands. Tho big Momolc airdrome on Ncgros island was quickly seized from the surprised Japs who pul op only weak resislaitcc there. The Admiralties lie north of Northeast New Guinea and northwest of New Britain.