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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - February 27, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE quota Total Sale. Seriei E quota SerietESolet Abilene Reporter WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT SUNDAY VOL. LXI1I, NO. 255 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS.SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 27, 1944-52 PACKS IN FOUR SECTIONS Associated Press (API United Press (V.P.i PRICE FIVE CENTS Germans Lose at Anzio Pacific War Grows Hotter on All Fronts By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor 4 American destroyers shelled Kavieng for the third time and bombers blasted the heart of Rabaul, Gen. Douglas Mac- Arthur announced today as Axis radios reported a violent battle was being fought for Guam. The United States Navy department offered neither con- Urmation nor denial of a Berlin broadcast that a fight "foi possession of the Pacific isle ol Guam" has been underwaj for days. Destroyers, unhampered by IN i i ill it Japanese warships or Opens Campaign sank one ship and left two in Sames in Kavieng harbor on the northern tip of New Ire- land, about 650 miles south of Truk. Another cargo vessel was left sinking off nearby 4'ew Hanover island. Japanese were reported pulling out ol both Kavieng and Rabaul, where Adm. William P. Halsey's bombers turned from blasting her airdromes to hilling "the weaken- ing enemy base" in the city itself. '9 munitions dump, a power plant and many buildings were demolish- ed and a score of fires starled. On the opposite flank of the Bismarck sea medium bombers and attack planes desiroyed 10 9 Japanese aircraft at the Wewak air center on New Guinea, dam- aged 13 others, hit ten barges ind silenced four gun positions. More than miles north of Tokyo radio said in a Broadcast yesterday American "nav- al formations are attacking Guam. Only previous recent mention of' Guam, former U. S. outpost cap- 1 lured by the Japanese in the first j week of the Pacific war, was in Adm. Chester W. Nimltz' Friday com- j "unique when he reported the land was attacked by the same car- tier forces that raided strong en-1 emy bases at Saipan and Tinian Tuesday. All three islands are in the Southern Marianas, about Ailes south of Tokyo. i Saipan and Tinian are the only two nearbj islands from which the Japanese could send aim to Guam. The next nearest are Yap, 500 miles to the southwest; Palau, 800 miles jouthwest, and Truk ,640 to the Southeast. The wording of the broadcasts suggrst an amphibious action, tut H Is similar to the vague terminology previously used in _ Tokyo broadcasts to describe 9 thr carrier-borne air altacks and nival bombardments. The reports wouldn't be worlh noting if U weren't for the sur- prising succession of daring strokes by American forces in t seizing Ihe most westerly Mar- shall islands, raiding Truk and bombing the Marianas. Coupled with this U NimiU' re- cent remark, as he looked at the Pacific islands, "I want them %ie failure of American task forces lo find Ihe Japanese fleet, and Ihe Robert M. Wagstaff. former Tex as legislator, World War I vetcra and Abilene civic leader announced as a candidate for cm gress from this 17th district no represented by-Sam Russell of St phenvillc, who has announced fc his third term. The announcement climaxed se' eral days of rumors and specula 5 Aircraft Centers Hit ty Bombers LONDON, Feb. Giant fires burned themselves tit in Augsburg tonight anc he ruins of at least 14 other centers of Gorman aircraf reduction gave smouldering jvidence of the greatest sus .ained aerial onslaught in his ory an onslaught that a ligh American high fore spokesman said had now ren dered Nazi factories unable to keep up with combat losses. The offensive which began one week ago tonight with long tons of bombs hurled on Leipzig by the HAP, was rounded out with a 1.700-tou RAP overnight blow against Augsburg. The week's bomb tonnage was estimated al 17.500 dropped by the Americans and RAF together. Operations went into a temporary lull today, with Typhoon patrols over the French coast as the only acti- vity reported. These cost the Nazis two planes. Given Another Heavy Bombing by Reds STOCKHOLM, Sunday, Feb. Russian aerial force various- ly estimated to include from 100 to 200 planes raided Helsinki last night and at least 30 fires were said to be blazing hi Hie Finnish capital, re- ports reaching here today said. Seven hours after the alarm was sounded Helsinki's commercial com- munication facilities still were clos- ed down. The Finnish city of Turku also was without telephone contact from to p.m. last night, indicating that- an alarm had been sounded there. Finnish informants here estimat- ed lhat Ihe Russians carried out the attack with 200 bomber's. Reports reaching the Swedish press placed the size of the raiding force at ap- proximately 100 planes. Russian planes were said to have penetrated to the center of Helsinki. An indication of the attack was given when telephone service .be- tween Ihc Finnish capital' and Stockholm was broken at 6 p.m. and conenclions had not been restored at midnight. .The attack came as the Finnish government was reported consider- ing Russian armistice terms. seeming collapse ____r- of Rabaul. key- stone of Japan's Southwest Pacific defense. Air Medal To Coleman flier R. M. WAGSTAPF ions during which friends of YYair- taff here and elsewhere in the dis- rict were known to be urging him o enter the race. "Later in the campaign." said Vagstaff in authorizing his name 0 be put forward as a candidate, 1 shall outline the platform upon vhich my candidacy will rest, and make an active campaign of Ihc .2-counly dislrict." Born In Abilene 51 years ago Set WAGSTAFF, Page 7, Col. Second Lt. Raby L. Jeanes o has been awarded the Ai Medal by Lt. Gen. George C. Ken ney. commander of the Allied Ai Forces in the Southwest Pacific area, according to an Associated Press dispatch from.the Southwest s (pacific general headquarters. His citation: For meritorious achievement while participating in sustained op- erational flight missions in the Southwest Pacific r.rca, during jhich hostile contact was probable Rr.d expected. These operations con- sisted of long range bombfug mis- sions against enfmy airdromes and Installations and attacks on enemy naval vessels and shipping. Merged Defense Plan Strengthened WASHINGTON, Feb. 26 W) Authoritative reports that backing has developed in high military quar- ters for consolidation of land, sea and air forces under one department of defense aroused a generally en- thusiastic response at the capllol today. Most of the legislators comment- ing, however, suggested thai such an extensive shake-up might well be postponed until the war is won whereas military men favoring (he idea were said to feel that the time to make the move is now while the war is still on. But in the week of sustained assaults, by the RAF al night and the U. S. Army Air Forces by day, the German aircraft industry has suffered its great- esl losses of the war. The American spokesman dis- closed thai since Jan. I twin- engined fighter producfion in the Reich has been cut SO per- cent and single cngined fight- er producfion 60 percent. These figures may be revised upward as they arc based on latest re- connaissance and -are still only The greatest damage of all was probablv done in the past week, he aid. when the Eighth U. S. Air atone, dropped tons of bombs in Germany a greater imount than that force dropped during its entire first year of opera- Ions in the European theater. With Ihe tonnage of the Italy- based 15th IT. S. Air Force, the American total rose to The spokesman expressed belief [hat Germany had lost her last lope of maintaining a successful air defense. She cannot prevent the strategic bombing of any target :n Germany, he declared, coupling this flat assertion with a promise lhat Allied operations would in- crease as the year progressed. Tn attacks by the Eighth from Britain and the 15th from Italy, (he American forces threw more than heavy bomb- ers and from to 1.100 fighters against the German air force and Us factories. Age of German Dead Increases Enemy Shifts Force For Renewed Attack ALLIED HliADQUAKTHnS, Naples, Feb. The Germans have suffered about casualties on (he beachhead at Anzio since the Allied landing Jan. 22 and the 10 Nazi divisions there have, now been thrown temporarily on the defensive while they arc regrouping, an Allied, spokes- man announced tonight. The spokesman, reviewing the Anzio situation ''now (hat the enemy's first reaction is said that the German casualty figures included prisoners. The German attacks on the Allied positions on the beach- head have been "supported by a larger weight of artillery than had been encountered hitherto in the African and Ital- ian the spokesman said, but he added that the attack had been defeated. As a result, Die German program for relieving a num- ber of top divisions for the west has been upset, 10 en- emy divisions have been forc- ed lo remain on the beach- head sector and German gar- risons in France and Yugo- slavia have been weakened to meet the threat to Rome, the spokesman said. His statement, Issued on a day of relative lull on the Kalian front except for heavy artillery duelling, Missing Flier Reported Safe Missing in air action over Ger- many since Jan. 7. 2nd Lt..Bicklcy Ls "sale and well" the War depart- ment notified his parents. Mr. and Mrs. Joe Bickley, 1041 Willow Sat- urday. Lieutenant Bickley, 22. Is a co- pilot on an Army bomber. He has Carrier Christened NEW YORK. Feb. Carrier Bcnnir.gton was christened today" at the fVavy yard In Brooklyn as Assistant Navy Sec- retary for Air Artcrr.us L. Gales credited lu floating airports a ma- for share in stopping Japanese Pa- citic advances and in lesseping Ihe U-boat menace. Medics Plan Sectional Meets FORT WORTH. Feb. 26 Sectional meetings, including one Jn Fort Worth, will replace the an session of the State Medical association this year because of wartime conditions. These meetings will be discussed si a ffssion o' t'.ie council on scient- ific work of the state as.MXiation Curing a one-day meeling here to- morrow. The Weather Evacuate Castle LONDON, Feb. 26 The Berlin radio said today that all per- %ins. both permanent residents and refugees, have been evacuated from the Pope's summer residence at Ca-tel Gandolfo Just above Ihe Al- lied Anzio beachhead lines. Valuable furniture is being moved to a safer tald the broadcast, odj TEXAS: Paillv rt anilar nithl anrl Mnnd Monday and in r.l R1h Rrnd rnnitT> Sunday nithl. AM rn. lioi'R Sat. TM fallrtrd (Editor's note: Taylor Henry, of Palestine, Tex., who was chief of the Associated Press bureau in Vichy when the Germans look over, wrote tht following dispatch it Baden-Baden, Ger- many, .inhere ht.yM internid. dlspitch -jris 'Inmirmftted from Lisbon, Whe'rif Henfy was American ex-- changed for Axis Internees in this country.) By TAVLOR HENRI- BADEN-BADEN, Germany layed) Statistics compiled here Indicate that the average age of German soldiers killed In action in August, 1943, was 25 1-2 while by the end of January, 1944, it readied 28. In the last few days the Germans ordered men lip to and Including 60 to report for examination to de- termine their fitness for military service. The figures Indicating the sudden rise in Ihe average age of Germans killed were reach- ed through a careful check of many thousands of death no- tices appearing in three selected German newspapers. Average age figures for the last six months showed the following curve: August. 25 1-2: September. 26: October, 26 1-2: November, 27 1-2: and January 28. The most startling drop was among youths of 19 and under, who In August supplied 13 per cent of the total deaths. By January they provided only 9 per cent, indicat- ing lhat most of that group ted nccn killed. The to'.al number of casualties- killed, badly wounded or captured (lie beginning of the war Is conservatively estimated at a mini- mum of 4.500.000 to 5.000.000 of whom about 2.000.000 arc dead. The Nazis are estimated to have a total of 335 divisions in active sen-ice, with 65 in the grand re- serve which they plan U> use against the invasion from the west. Soldiers Believe Real Inequality In War Activity NEW YORK, Feb. 26 American soldiers in Ihe stalemated Italian campaign feel there's a real inequality of sacrifice in this war, Hal Boye, Associated Press war columnist, said today on his re- turn from 16 months with troops in the Mediterranean. "The battle morale of these doughboys is he said. ''But they are" fighting for a land which some feel has forgotten them. "Many have been overseas for two years and have given up hope of ever coming home. To inem the war has become blind alley with death at the end." Boyle, whose column, "Leaves From a War. Correspondent's Hole- has made him.one.of .Amer- greatest links between the boys at, Ihc front and the folks back home, said that infantrymen who had fought through three Africa, Sicily and common sense dic- tated liiat they should have a rest at home. "These overseas veterans in the ground forces want to told there is a limil lo the sac- rifices demanded of he added. The 33-year-old reporter has found little amusing since he ar- rived at Miami afler Hying from Europe on the combat bomber "The Blue Streak." which complet- ed 110 Mediterranean missions. II was his first break away irom front line action since the African inva- sion. boys overseas have an idea that the people at home still think of the war as a ball that they're enjoying the. seventh inning he said. "It does look like If nil the energy being used in fighting the battle of the income tax could be expended on the battle of the An- zio beachhead, Rome would fail In short order." Boyle said life appeared more complex here than on the other side. "Over there things are compara- tively simple cxccnl for mud. fleas, Germans, C'-raliom and bullets. But at least yo-.i didn't have to lace your leggings witli red the beachhead situation since the landing. (There have been no figures is- sued on Allied casualties In Die beachhead fighting alone. On Feb. 11 Secretary of War Sllmson said that total American casualties in Italy since Ihc landings al Salerno last September were killed, wounded and The fierce four-day German attack which has jusl been thrown back managed to pene- tr.tt the Allied Aniii-positions to. "a depth of two MIomclers astride the main road" before being held all along the line, the announcement said. This summary of the month's fighting the beachhead appar- ently referred to the road running due north from Anzio. Questioned concerning a discrepancy between this two-kilometer figure and pre- vious admissions of deeper pene- trations, the spokesman said that it represented the net loss after ihe Allies had flung Ihe German forc- es back. The statement made two things clear: 1. That Nazi Field Marshal Kcs- sclring hoped lo gain "for Germany a spectacular military victory which she needs so and 2. That, having failed, he now Is massing more power lo try again. The landings just five weeks ago this morning represented at terrific threat to the communi- cations of thfc German tenth army plus political potentiali- ties in the danger to Rome, the .spokesman said, and .Marshal Krssclring therefore concen- trated the German fourteenth army against (he beachhead. SEEKING ACTION Looking every a soldier., lanky LI.-Gen. Mark W. Clark, commander ol the U. S. Fifth Army, was caught in this unusual character study as he peered ahead from his seal on ft boat carrying him (o beachhead near Anzio. (U. S. Signal Corps Photo from Says GOP M''' r if1 Uses War Se fi DALLAS, Feb. Robert E. Hannegan, chair- man of the Democratic national committee, asserted tonight that it appeared to be the purpose of the Republicans "to seek to rise to power upon the irritations and dislocations that arc inevitable in our mobilization for total war." He drew that conclusion from the statements of aspirants for the lepiiblican nomination, and the ac- 10115 of the Republican leadership i Hnnncgan said in an ddrcss to Texas Democrats gath- Clyde Garret! lo Run Again Clyde L. Garrctt of Eastland, who served two terms hi congress, told The Reporter-News Saturday that he will be a candidate for the otfice. of the nth congressional district representative. A former president of the Texas county judges and commissioners association. Gnrrett entered congress Jan. 3, 1031. when lie defeated Tom rcd at a Birthday dinner. v. s. nrrAp.tJirXT or COMMTRCE r.rp.rAr ABII.FNrj ASn VICINITY: VailH rTaody SttrSur, Sandjj m'irhl ar.ij Mon dir: ihoprrt Sunday. FAST TEXAS: Parllr cloudy Sandiy .ICfcl and Ifaltrrcd in rilrrftir and r.cir it Sandai: ftrc-jtiona! rain dri I Sunrtav. nirM: traltrrrri d sialli Monday; forcer. Lieutenant Bicklcy Is the nephew ot Mr. and Mrs. Homer Lancy. Abl- [lenc and Howard Lancy of Mcrkel. iti. His grand Mrs. W. H. Lancy. lives in Abilene. Navy Armor Plate Production Halts DETROIT, Feb. tion of armor plate for U. S. Navy landing barges at a standstill today as 6.000 employes of thr Great Lakes Steel Corp. in suburban Es- corse remained idle in a strike that began Friday. Thomas Shane, district 29 direc- tor of the United States Workers of America In a- statement urged appointment of an Impartial umpire to rule on the discharge an employe, which precipitated the walkout. PAW Heeds Plea, Cuts Texas Quota DALLAS, Feb. Pc- Irolcum Administration for War lias heeded Ihe request of the Texas Railroad commission for a reduced production miota in Texas during March and has cut the call for Tex- as crude by 5.300 barrels per day. Commission Chairman Bcaulorri Jester announced hrrc today. Jester, here for the statewide Democratic dinner lonichl. was no- llflcd of the PAW sriior. in a tele- phone conversation wUh -Commis- sioner Ernest O. Thompson, who is in Washington conferring with fed- eral authorities on problems facing Texas oil producers. In the spectacular air war against airplane production plants in Gcr many, carried oil from both Britain and Italy. American pltincs based in Italy shot down 93 rocket-firing and cannon-Iiring enemy fighter planes while attacking Rcgcnsbnrg :Tiday, headquarters disclosed to- day. There were intense air battles, sonic lasting as long as two hours, and 39 American bombers and five lighters were listed as missing, but the large! was reported left in ruins, fifteenth Air Force bombers also atlackcd the upper Adriatic ports of Zara in Yugoslavia and Fiumc and Pola in Italy and also an airfield near Graz in Austria. Thr Germans attacked French- lield hill 015 norlhwcsl of C.is- sino for the second successive day. and were again thrown bark, artillery turning (he trick. On Ihc Eiirhth Army front troop; beat back three separate night at- tacks near Orsojrna. while at oth point in this region Allied artillery Sal. M.. si fifl.. .M _ si.. 31 .M.. 53 M.. St sl HI....... in........ sr, .17 fil........ll........ ci Htjh and law IrmprralBrti lo 3 p. m. "I "ind Sft. ir.d low Mme date >ean M and Snmrl lalt nithl: 31. FonrUf (Ms S.U3. lonltnl: V3S, LT. J. M. BICKLET been statior.td in England since last summer. A graduate of Mcrtdhifeh school.i R_r AccniU he attended Mc.Murry college Dar ve.irs before enlisting in the "iriSumnCrS Proposals DALLAS. Fob. 27 Tile Dal- las Bar as.'-odalion today adopted resolutions charging that legisla- tion Introduced by Rep. Halton W. of Dallas attempts to substitute administrative procedure by bureaus for procedure by duly constituted courts. Copies of the resolutions were sent to Texas senalors and congressmen urging them to vote against the bill'. Copies of letlcrs from Feder- al Judge William H. of Dal las. Federal Judge T. Whillieid Davidson and Federal Judge James C. Wilson o! Amarillo were attach- ed lo the resolutions. Avenger Trainee Killed in Crash Feb. 26 Betty P. Stine. 22, a WASP trainee at Avenger Fielu here, was killed yesterday when her plane crashed at Blytlw, Calif. She was the daugh- ter of Mr. ar.d Mrs. J. W. Stinc of Santa Barbara. Cslif., and native of Fort Worth. Washington Senator Harry S. Truman In a speech at the din- ner, declared: "Lt t us show- the nations of the world Ihit Am- DALLAS, Feb. 26 .Mrj. H. II. Wcinerl of Sejuln, Tex., vice rhairman of the Texas Slate Democratic executive commil- ler, said lorl.iy she -would like, for the commillec al its next meeting lo endorse Cov. Coke Slevenson of Texas for Ihc de- mocratic presidential nomina- tion and Speaker Sam Uayburn for Ihe vice-presidency. CLVDE L. GARRET! Bl.inton for reelection. He was beat ll.c 1940 race by Sam Rus- courfri Army Office Shifted to Texas SAN ANTONIO. Fell. 28 Fourth Army heaiii'jarscrs hr.cn traiutcurd to Fort Sam j ton here Iron: Mcmerrry. Calif. wiih U. Gen. Wiliiam H. Simpson, 35. a j native of Wcathcrford. ai commar.d- broke up an enemy raid. The Gn-i'cll of Eteiihcnvillc, Ihe incumbent mans suffered casualties in a pa-! trol clash belwccn Orsogna and Ihe Adriatic coasl. HearJquarlcrs announced that an attempted attack on the an- clioraijc Wednesday night by enemy E-boau was frustrated by Allied patrol craft. Oil Reports The PHILADKLPHIA, Feb. 3? The United State.s has a sufficient nent was made to- (or >cvfrnl ciay by the public relations office.! trations unless the political which said that Gmtral Simpson of the future chills the in- would have under his command jf.lativc and courage which Amerl- m.ijor of the Army ground i "ns always demonstrated in forces In a group of southern Matcw j the dtsco-.ery and development of congressman. In a statement to The Rcporter- cx.s. Garrctl said: "My two tcrir.s in congress with my oilier of service in public relations in the office of Jes- Joncs. secretary of commerce, and coiK-ixunt Mudy I have given governmental affairs during (hat Sre O.UtRF.TT, Pate 7, Col. I group running generally from MisMsf ippi I oil." to i day I hc Sun Oil company said to- annual report for 1943. Could Be WASHINGTON. Feb. 26 If, The official newsletter tor local draft boards recently noted with ap- Ucuicusszzlensszess-Ks W. Hui ijjzlssllzzl, registn.nl of Board 1S6, New York City, was list- ed. on tie rolls with nn Initial fn stead of a middle namr. _____ The Foiirlh Armv will R5 its i Millions of acres of land "re- 1 Col. V. McDcrmctt, New most important mission the train- igardcd ai favorable from the gco- ini? of organisations for eumful liosical .standpoint for the accurnu combal duty ourscas, Ihc announce- .latiou of are a? yet ment states. (the report said. York city director, today set the na- tionnl office straight. Toe rcgislraiv a middle name, he said. It Is i rric.-x stands solidly united her enemies. In the'cru- cial days ahead, Icl us continue on lo final victory under the proven leadership of our Com- mander-in-chief, Franklin De- lano Earlier, In an Interview, Truman said that whether Ihe president was seeklnp a fourth term or not vraa "entirely boslde the question." The Missouri senator then said also: "1 am not a vice presidential candidate, and 1 mean it. If the presidcn! runs he will have Ihe right lo select his running msle." Both Truman and Speaker of the Hotise Sam Riyburn have been mentioned .xs nossibtlillcs for the ice-presidential nomination. Hanncgan declared that "the con- duct of a national cfeclion in unr Ime If and be a matter call- for all that is finest in our de- mocracy. ''The opposition must answer to the rtmte of miking capi- tal of Ihe inconveniences nec- essitated by such things as Honini: and price control. It has sought to turn Ihe laborer ajratst the farmer, and the farmer against (he city Truman Mid: "Destiny charg- ed a democratic adminUtration and Democratic Congress with lead- ership in this great emergency. Tills leadership must be continued and supported, x x x A Democratic defeat at the polls thU year would hamper, delay, and contuse the con- duct of the war, and perhaps Im- peril the peace. The Missouri senator said the spe- cial Senate invest igal ing commutes of which he Is chairman, was creat- ed "search ot't the were hampering the war program and sec lhat they were rcmovel Stt AVAR, rate 7, Coif. M
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