Abilene Reporter News, February 20, 1944 : Front Page

Publication: Abilene Reporter News February 20, 1944

Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - February 20, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE Crb'-oll quota Totct Scries E quota Series I Satei VOL. LXIII, NO. 248 A TBCAS 3-tt, NEWSPATifi WITHOUT OR- WITH OFFENSE TO FRONDS YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS JT SUNDAY _ ABILENE. TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 20, 1344- MUKNING, FEBRUARY 20, 1344- THJRTV-TWO PACKS IN THR'-T Pr, -IT mini i i wu i Aijftb IHKat, btlHulXS Associated MPJ ymlrd (U.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Americans Press In On Truk Beachhead Littered Wjth German Dead ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, Feb. American and British troops have carpeted the ground be- fore their Anzio beachhead line with German dead and in dc'.ys have wiped out as many as half of some Nazi units one of the greatest and most crucial battles of the war, fron'. dispatches reaching here disclosed tonight. Meeting the German attempt to push them back into (he sea with a hurricane of steel, Fifth Army .troops fell back sector but kept their lines intact and prevented a break-through. The Allied soldiers were fighting Prisoners Must Labor, Says 6en. Somervell DALLAS, Feb. ifl'i prisoner of war in (he United States suhtect to labor under the provis- bujue.... iu P ucn MarK w lufls of the Geneva convention will. sald tnese llad llscn be pill to work, IL was announced 10 nea- height.! of courage and skill following a three-day conference of in the bitter struggle. to wear out the Germans. Against them the Germans have thrown at least four di- visions of infantry and armor in this battle on the beach- heat! front south of Rome. Allied alrir.cn In a day of intense activity over the beachhead today shot doivn at least 17 Nazi planes and probably destroyed five others of (lie more than 100 enemy air- :rafl which attacked the British ind American ground troops. The'grim determination of (lie British and American infantrymen af the beachhead was praised hy Lt. Gen. Mark Clark today who Army Service Forces here. General prehon Somervell, commr.niiing the service forces, said in view of the manpower shortage, prisoners of war will be put to work wherever possible. Following this statement, Col. Joseph f. Battlejv .deputy chief of staff of the forces, that under the plan formulat- ecrat the conference, every prisoner would be given a job to do. Thc jobs, he said, would not dis- place civilian labor and prisoners woiild tlol.be used where sufficient iree labor was available... The work jfven the prisoners. he explained, would bt ujiOr the terms of the con- vention whereby prisoners war may be put to work al iebs not rtirecllj 'concerned with the efforl. Under the Geneva comen- lion, officers are nbl required to'worli. To date prisoners-have been used bi agricultural and forestry work." Colonel Battley said General eomervcll has not been satisfied ivltji idle prisoners of war in face of the pressine need for-manpowcr In this country. "Prisoners will not he put to work jujt to them something to Wsald, "but they will be construc- tive, necessary Jobs." He added that the plan, called for moving thc prisoners to whatever place they are needed. General Somervell. In'outlhiing topics of Ihe reference said the following had been taken up: 1. rcrsoiincl problems, both military and civilian. 2. Questions of security. 3. Ways of stcpplnr up the Hcnrr.il (raining program and 'sleppinE up (he tempo of mov- ing men overseas. Some Irain- I in; periods arc being shorten- f eel. i 4. Reduction of inventory as .much as possible. Quality of would be increased Ihc quantity of stocks and equipment were dcplclcd. 5. Problems In respect to funds tncl possible economy measures IWil will be taken. Problems of demobilization. The latin were discussed at a se- cret session general 'Somervell said, striding that demobilization impro- visations necessary after Ihc last war will not he necessary after this provided that long range plan- ning is done. "We plan for war years ahead In time of he said. "In lime of war, we arc planning months ahead for peace." Cot. Victor W. B. Wales, com- mander of Camp Berkeley, sairl last night as far ?s It known here there will be no change In opera- tion of thc prisoner of war camp at Berkeley because of plans work- at the Dallas conference. He fa'id tnch of the small number of WASHINGTON. Feb. 19 The War Department mart? public today the names of 190 United prisoners at Camp Barkclcy have States soldiers killed in action, in- been assigned work, in line with eluding: (MEDITERRANEAN ARF..M ,t Rivers. Sgt. George W., Jr. George .W. Rivers. Father. Tuxedo, Jones County, Tex. I current orders on the subject, ac I tivilics including a limited ninouu 1 oL work on farms near Abilene. McEachern Taken RO5WELL. K. M.. Ffb 19 JDenton Youth Hurt In Auto Accident _. 'kl Deputy Sheriff Coke Flore.- report- Fc.yrr Gihbs. 18. cf Dcnton. was fd (hai xtc. 1J? Hriuinclis MtmnrlM iTOpnal Eachcrn. escaped Texas ol buildings, stnres. Rabaul Bombarded; Engebi Isle Falls _ Daring and victorious American forces pressed closer to Truk .yesterday with assault troops, naval Rims and bombers. Marines captured Engclii island and its airfield on Kni- wefok atoll, within bomber range of point of Japan s central Pacific defenses. Destroyers shelled Rabaul and Kavicng, once miglifv fortresses on New Britain ami New Ireland. Rabanl was left in flames, shore batteries were silenced, and a dozen small vessels damaged. A (anker exploded at Kavicng. Bombers sank four merchantmen and damaged two He- slroycrs and a tanker at Rabaul. Kight Japanese and four Allied planes were shot down. Rabaul and Kaveing arc abotil 800 miles sottMt of Truk where, Tokyo radio said, "The decisive batllc of thc Pacific has entered its actual phase at last." Capture Sets Up Destroyers Land Bases For Bombing of Iruk By WILLIAM H1PPLE U. S. PACIFIC FLKKT HEADQUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Feb. With a mighty smash American TERS IN THE SOUTHWKST unu ILJ iinyui in j iv tin i nin.r i n_i1 II I fj VUI S base one day after landing on daringly shelled once mightv .-_ -u_ Rabatit and its supplementary base of Kavicug parly Friday (or tho first time in the war. Marines captured Ktigebi land with ils important base one day after Eniwelok atoll in the Mar- shalls. Several other islands in tlic northern portion have also fallen lo the Americans. Adinlral Chester fo'an- nouSced today, saying that prelimi- nary reports Indicated American casualties have been Ihjht. Other Is- lands ot tne atoll captured were not named, but islands from that area. Include Muzinbaarikku. Veirl nnd Rujiyoru, southeast of Engebi nnd Bogariiikk, EHieelnh and Bo- gallua to the northwest. Thc victory in many ways rivaled thc liahtnhig victory Kwajalcln atoll 400 miles to the southeast. Assaults on other pcirtinns of Ihe atoll arr procrrdinjt nrt ichertulc, Admiral Nimili saltl. Hts announcement did not inill- cale how much resistance thr Japanese offered thc American invaders al Enscbi trilh his 000-foot air strip. The capture of Engebi puts our forces 750 statute miles west of (he Japanese1 great fortress of Tntk which was attacked by a great force of American carrier-based planes and tile result of which has not been disclosed because radio silence must be observed by ships of (he attacking forces. There was no indication of Ihe of the Japanese garrison de- fending Engcbi and the surtoiradtng islands, in the westernmost Mar- shalls. but il is probable preliminary ship bombardment and plane booib- iiiH and strafing killed many of the defenders nnd knocked out many rinc regiment charged ashore. For (he first Umr Truk is ultliin ratiRe of American laml- hastrl planes. Ponapc, 425 mllr strategy could result from the cumulative effect of the forces now working against the Japanese, and some officers be- lieve it is Inevitable. They do hot sec any other way for the Japan- ese to accomplish their main pur- pose of drawing out the Pacific war in (he hope Ihc Allies will gst tired of (he whole business and agree to a compromise peace. As pael of an enemy strategy Hmlnprd alonjr Ink lint il It aKn believed that from time lo limr Tokyo ivill launch peso nffrnslves, trying especially to eapit.ilijr nn conditions at end of Ihe war hi Europe. With surh a pence the Japariese tain years lo prepare for another flliiR at conquest. ixi.-ilion In the Central Pacific results from three main causes: Tile effective strength of Amer- ica's Pacific fleet, land and air forces as drmtmslrated by the fact that Heel units were able this week In iJcnetraie to the ivcll-defined bastion of Truk while simultaneous- ly other units covered (he Invasion ot Eniftrtok awl still others. Tokyo claimed, assaulted Malcolap and Taroa. 2. The decline In shipping strength, due in treat p.irl lo American submarine sucei-ws. This direct blow In Ihr rtrfrnse of the nutcr l.iiuj as Ihrue lit the s r rjundinr Truk. The rnemv has In rhoose whether he attempt lo keep all the h.ites inadequately sup- plied and partially reilnrert af- ter e.ich American Air and tea rairl or whether be will concen- trate nn defrnriinjr a few well. .ton extension he 1 Mr. Wilson's it we I hprt any ir.oir In other than that cf Mr. E'lclnly. Mr. thf i 3 The qiishtalive Inferiority ot much Japanese war cquipmcnl. iJap.inese plane laves average sev- llc Carkc. Albany chambrr'of Eniwetok Is slight- worm, Frh A 'ly more tlui, Uo miles and u. s. Ajricuiturc rc- shelters one of Ihc ne.V, lurbors in Ihe Marshalls. major Islets mar.agcr. Th" goal is l.ooo.tKK) pound; scrap metal. Clarke Said In inia U20.000 pounds of tlat enough for nir strips, mctsl. pounds of nibber ami LI 630.CCO pounds of aluminum were .UT InCn Rflin ndrC gathend. Since Ihen a local .-crin Precipitation here yesterday, a buyer has been takinc. Ihc local cold drizzly day. amounted to ,0-i In 1343. again, over 100 inch, the weather bureau rrporterl tons of metal, 10 tons of scrap rub- Light rain was predicted for Sun- ter were gathered from the area. I day. today conscrv.t- Uon farmin? and ranching Incrcas- Texas crop, and tvixluclion an averasc of 33 percent Outbreak Seen badle nnd his frequently good na- lal cunnciy have failed to comptn- alp for other tactical weaknesses. HOUSTON'. Feh. 15 nun PII ui jj IHTLCIH. retumiuc from overseas riu'.y will The report .summarized Infomia- touch off outbreaks of malaria it) ___.._.....__ __ t.'on supplied bv 1.400 Tesas farm-j pans nf Ilic nalion frte nf the riis- Fifth ar.r.iia) of the Na- Convention Coiled CANADIAN. Feb. 19 Tlie Con supplied MOO Texas farm- pans nf tlie nalion frte nt ;ne ms- Filth ar.r.iial of the Na- ers and ranchers whcve con.'crvaliou ease for Dr. C. Ciiaurt- Rotieo association will be held plans 851.773 acres have been ler (he annual com rut Ion nt Fort March-12-13. Assc- 10 to 100 ptr cent ritabllshed for i the Texas Club of IntcrntfU lo-; elation Secretary C, A. Stutier uid penods ol two to six years. (day. 'tcxiay. ;

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Publication: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Issue Date: February 20, 1944