Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - February 19, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE Over-all quota al sales Series E quota Series E Sales EVENING FINAL WITHOUT.- OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH WORLD EXACTLY AS IT LXIII, NO. 247 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 19, 1944 -EIGHT PAGES Associated Press (AP) United'Press (U.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS CENTER OF TRUK air strip in the center of the Truk Islands, Japan's central Pacific bastion blasted by hundreds of American carrier-based planes, is Uman Is- land. It guards the Jap base from air attack. This is one of the first pictures ever taken by American forces of the and was made by two Liberator planes in which 22 fliers made a daring 2.000 mile flight from a South Pacific base. (See photo on page (AP Wirephoto from XT. S. Marine Heavy Raid Hits London 150 RAIDERS KINDLE HUGE f LONDON, Feb. heavy and medium, oombers, strik- ing in double the strength of any Accent raid, hit London in three Ttaves last night and left fires, smashed homes and apartments and casualties in their wake. The best unofficial estimates were that about of the Global Mystery Man Takes Life MIAMI, Fla., Feb. les E. Bedaux, international mystery man. died at a hospital here last jjight and John E. Burling, immi- gration agent, said that he had taken an overdose of sleeping pow- ders and left a suicide note. Burling said Bedaux swallowed the nowdcrs a few hours after he night raiders slashed at the capital area. Although not all of them penetrated the umbrella of terrific anti-aircraft fire thrown over the city, the dam- age was the most widespread of any attack of the past year and casualties were left in half a dozen" districts. still glowed .red today as -searching parties dug through the wreckage for victims. Twelve persons were known to have died and a number of others were injured when high explosives struck a preserve factory and homes in the working class districts. Three persons were still trapped under the ruins of the factory. The Berlin radio said that "hun- dreds of planes" participated in the raid and acknowledged" the loss of seven bombers, but announced la- ter that two of them had limped back to emergency fields. Tons of high explosives and thou- sands of firebombs showered down, hitting at least three churches, two suburban store, and many apart- ments and rows of Guards said the barrage of anti- aircraft fire was the heaviest ever thrown at enemy raiders. Fighter planes rose to chase the invaders. At least two were shot down by patrols over the raiding bases in Belgium and Northern France, but there was no report im- mediately of the number of bagged over England. The last London raid Feb. 13 cost the Germans nine out of a force that was considerably smaller than that used last night. A group of American soldiers who watched the raid, which lasted approximately an hour, said it was "the most terrifying spectacle we ever saw. We don't sec how those German pilots up there could stand that barrage." In one district pajama-clad American soldiers used sandbags to smother incendiaries which show- ered the neighborhood of an Amer- ican Red Cross club. CHARLES E. BEDAUX had been informed that a grand jury would be convened to decide whether he could be indicted for treason and for communication with high German officials and the Jlchy French government. A special board of inquiry had decided that Bedaux was a citizen of the United States and could be admitted to this country. Bedaux had been held by immi- gration officials here since he was Brought to Miami from North Af- rica in an army plane late in De- cember. He was taken to the hospital Tuesday in an unconscious condi- tion, and never regained conscious- ness. C> Bedaux achieved prominence in 1937 when it was disclosed that he was arranging an American tour for the Duke and Duchess of Wind- sor. announcement caused a stir labor lie was once termed "that arch-enemy of labor'1 the trip was subsequently called off. Pyess Scholarship Fund Tops STEPHENVILLE. Feb. The Dyess Memorial scholarships fund, honoring the late Lt. Col Wil- HlCCUDS Stopped liam Edwin Dyess of Albany, r rr fc-. passed the mark and is NEW YORK. Feb. still growing. Dean J. Thomas Davis Mayer. 22. whose 47-day attack of of John Tarleton Agricultural col- j hiccups was ended yesterday by an lesre, said last night. Dyess was, operation performed by an Army nmhor of "Death March on Baiaan" ;.surgeon on emergency leave, wa's Snd a former JTAC student. j reported "doing very well" tociay. 19 Ships Bagged i By British Subs LONDON, Feb. submarines sank 19 enemy ships, probably sank six others and dam- aged eight more in recent patrols in the Atlantic. Mediterranean and the southeast Asia area, the Admir- alty announced today. In the actions, which the Admir- alty described as taking place "in theaters of war extending from the Arctic circle to the eastern limits of the Indian enemy ships sunk included the largest types of supply vessels. One of the largest, the com- munique continued, was picked off along: the coast of Norway. Two more were torpedoed off the southwest coast of Norway. Four large supply vessels were de- stroyed in the Mediterranean and a number of smaller vessels were sunk by gunfire. In the southeavSt Asia area one large and one medium supply ships and several small naval craft were sunk. WAR AT A GLANCE By The Associated Press ITALY Allies hold Anzio beachhead lines intact after smashing back attacks by four German divisions. PACIFIC Americans fight on for Eniwetok's capture; ra- dio silence screens results o f thrust at Truk. press on to- ward Pskov, ready forces for smash at Kherson. LQNDOX Germons throw ..ISO-plane at Abiienian Killed In Angelo Crash W. W. Alexander. 1702 Clinton, was killed and his wife injured critically at 9 p. m. Friday when their automobile and a truck col- lided nine miles north of Ozona. Mrs. Alexander was taken to Shannon hospital in San Angelo by an Ozona physician. Driver of the truck. Ray Deland, suffered -a broken arm, the state highway patrol in San Angelo re- ported, Alexander is operator of a fleet of oil tracks. His .wife is a leader among workers in the University Baptist church here. She has been especially active in benevolent work. This has led her to much work in Hendrick Memorial hospital here and it was to that institution that first word of the accident was con- veyed from San Angelo. Mr. Alexander's body was held at Ozona. Senators to Offer Post-War Program WASHINGTON, Ffih, ID _ Asserting that the Baruch postwar report poses the question whether economic destiny of the coun- try is to be settled by executive di- Chairman George (D-Ga) announced today the senate post- war committee would introduce leg- islation next week to carry out its own plan for the transition from war to peace. George handed reporters a typed statement declaring that the Bar- uch report apparently is designed to "do the whole job by executive or- der under Justice Bynes" (war mob- ilization director James F. Reds Complain MOSCOW. Feb. The magazine War and The Working Class .said today that toe "period of Allied preparation for storming the Hitlerite fortress is ending" but meanwhile Russia was bearing "al- most the whole burden of the struggle" against Germany. AS PACE OF GLOBAL WAR Beach Ya son niwetok NipponsSay Maloelapand Taroa Struck By the Associated Press American .invasion troops fo'ugh't today capture of Eniwetok, westernmost. of the "Marshall islands, in an- other display of the as yet un- broken sweep across the sphere of Japanese bases in the central Pacific. In a broadcast recorded by NBC in New York, but .uncon- firmed by Allied sources, the Tokyo radio said a third United States carrier task force at- tacked the eastern Marshall is- land atolls of Taroa and Maloe- lap Wednesday, while one task force as carrying out opera- tions against Truk and another .was attacking Eniwetok.. U. S.. forces struck at the low, nearly-circular atoll before tS enemy could recover from the dam- and of the probably diversionary carrier strike Wednes- day on Japan's mighty naval and air stronghold of Truk, 750 miles southwest. Warships and low-flying Navy planes turned their deadly bomb- ardment on Eniwetok Thursday. The 22nd Marines and the 106th Army infantry swarmed ashore to beachheads; among.: the '30 islets' of coral base. There'Vwere" no in Admiral Chester W. Nimitz' com- munique. The landings, a swift extension of the mid-Pacific offensive which began with the. capture of the'Gil- ENIWETOK berts last November, came just 18 days after other American forces invaded Kwajalein, largest of the Marshalls, 400 miles to the south- east. It was at Kwajalein that the Japanese learned the pulverizing effect of bombardment by the great- est task force ever sent against the enemy. Early smashing of the en- emy's defenses made it possible for the American Marines and soldiers to occupy the atoll at a cost of only 400 killed against 800 troops lost by the defenders. Radio silence still screened the results of the heavy attack on Truk in the central Caro- lines. Navy Secretary Knox de- flated the Japanese' report yes- terday that landings were un- der way, saying it was an air- strike by carrier-based planes. Nevertheless, Knox called the Sec PACIFIC. PS. 7, Col. 8 AMERICAN TROOPS REINFORCE soldiers march through a street in the Italian summer resort of Anzio in the beachhead sector below Rome. They are members of the invasion force which is battling strong German resistance on the highways to Rome 10 miles north of Anzio. (AP Ih Is in Italy; Outlook 'Good' DALLAS. Feb. secretary of War Robert P. Patter- son .told: a press .conference today in Italy-is in hand and promising." "There is no doubt .at all about our ability to hold the beachhead at he added. Of the Pacific Patterson saidj "Our. plan is to lick Hitler first. At the same time we will keep up and enlarge our offensive in the Paci- fic. "The progress against Japan may go', quickly." He answered a question on whether the Anzio beachhead fight- ing was a holding action, by say- ing: "The operation will take on an offensive character." The 36th division, originally formed from Texas national guard units, is engaged in the current fighting in Italy with the Fifth army, Patterson dis- closed. The undersecretary arrived this morning to attend a conference of generals of Army Service Forces. Heavy Allied Raid On Rome Reported LONDON. Feb. Vichy radio quoted a Rome broad- cast today as saying that Rome was raided "violently" during the night. A Rome broadcast recorded by the United Press said Anglo-Amer- ican planes dropped bombs on the Italian capital's residential areas, causing damage and casualties. RABAUL IS SHORT ON PLANES; LIBS FAIL 10 GET OPPOSITION Operator Injured In Plant Accident Ed C. Powers, 64, operator of the Abilene Brick company plant north of here for many years, is in a seri- ous condition at Hendrick Mem- orial hospital from injuries suffer- ed in an accident at the plant Fri- day. He was reported to have been caught by a moving belt and pulled onto a shaft in the brick plant. Besides severe lacerations of the arms and legs he suffered com- pound fracture of the right leg and brain concussion. GUADALCANAL. Feb. Evidence that much-bombed Rabaul is running out of fighter plsnes was supplied Wednesday when more than 10 Thirteenth Army Airforce. Liberators plastered Vunakanau air- drome without sighting a single enemy plane in the air. The bombers' fighter cover of 40 planes made no contacts. The Liberators dropped 45 tons of bombs from feet, scoring 18 hits on the runway and leaving it unserviceable. They also registered 60 hits in the dispersal destroying three dive bombers. Anti-aircraft, fire at Rabaul was meager and mostly inaccurate but one of our fighters failed to get back. About, midnight, a "Blackest" Cnight flying Catalina) scout plane ranging south of Bouga-inville spot- ted a coastal transport vessel and five arrmd barges, possibly contain- ing troops. Patrol torpedo boats j i were summoned. While they closed j j in, the Blackest made two strafing I runs which left one barse smoking. j The Pitts .scored five shell hits on i one barcre ar.c! two on another, icav- I ing boU.i smoking. Charges Pending on 2 Hijacking Counts Charges were to have been filed today against a negro man in con- nection with the daylight robbery Thursday of t.hc Produce in which more than was taken from an employe at the point of a gun. The- negro had been identified by the employe. S. M. Polk, as the man who had held a gun on him find demanded his wallet and change. George Boslcy, city detec- tive, said. He is also linked with an attempted armed robbery of the Grant Department store at which time the cashier thwarted the hi-jacking when she slammed the door of her cage and ran down the steps. According to police, the suspect was sentenced from Abilene in 1333, following a series of burglaries and was released from the penitentiary only a few months a so. Majority Vote OR Treaties Proposed WASHINGTON, Feb. 19 Legislation proposing a constitu- tional amendment to require that treaties be ratified by both the House and Senate, on a bare ma- jority vote, has been introduced by nep. Fulbright CD-Ark.) Under ex- isting constitutions; provisions, a treaty must be ratified only by the Senate, with a, two-thirds vote nec- essary. 15 Vessels Sunk in ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, Feb. 19. (IP) Twelve Japanese mer- chantmen rushing oil and supplies to bolster such hard hit bases as Rabaul and Kavicng were wiped out along with an escorting destroyer and "two corvettes during a three- day attack by Allied bombers north- west of New Ireland, headquarters announced today. At most, only two merchant- men eluded the explosives of Catalinas, Liberators and Milch- ells which from Monday night until Wednesday morning de- stroyed tons of merchant shipping in the attack and ex- acted a heavy toll of Nipponese aboard the vessels. Bound south from Truk, Japan's mighty naval base which itself has been brought under Allied attack for the first time, the convoy was spotted, off Miissau island Monday Are Lost in Liner's Sinking VANCOUVER, Spilled into a F C b. i sea boiling with sharks and barracuda, 400 persons were lost off Freetown. West Africa, whsn the liner Empress of Canada was torpedoed and sunk by an Italian submarine nearly a year ago, survivors iiave been per- mitted to reveal. British rescuers saved 800 per- sons. Most of those lost were Italian war prisoners, some of whom attempted to gain the deck of the Italian submarine, but were pushed back into the water by crewmen, the surviv- ors said. The Italians announced last March 15 that the 21.500-ton liner had been sent to u-.e bottom, but the -sinking was not confirmed by Allied authorities. The one-time Pacific liner, which had been taken over by the British Admiralty, was filled with troops, navy personnel. Italian prisoners and Greek and Polish refugees. For- ty-four of the British crew of ap- proximately 300 are known to have died. Describing the scene. Wins; Commander E. R. Emond said at Ottawa, "all around us were bodies of men and some women who had been attacked and killed by sharks and barracuda. one Italian prisoner of war aboard just as a shark grabbed him. He was mauled so badly he died the next Emond said wireless operators got off a message before the big hncr went down, but "a very long, grim and hazardous" 17 hours passed be- fore an RAF Catalina flying boat spotted the lifeboats. A British de- stroyer reached the survivors a day and a half later. After the torpedo struck, the sub- marine surfaced and commander said in English that he would give those aboard a chance to abandon ?hip before finishing it off with rirck guns. An Italian doctor was picked up by the submarine. night. By midday Tuesday, half of it had been destroyed. Wednesday morning, Mitchell bombers flew as low as the top of the masts to blast seven more i'.iips within an hour near new Hanover. One corvette blew up. Five 2.000-ton cargo ships went down with all their personnel. A 7.500-ton tanker, upon be- ing hit, was transformed with- in a matter of minutes to noth- ing more than a spot of burninj- oil on the water. An tanker also was sunk. The destroyer was eliminated early in the attack. Other ships wiped out included a 6.000-ton transport (the type of this vessel indicates it was carrying troops.', three cargo ships and a 500-ton frcit'itcr. No loss among the attacking planes was reported. Rabaul and Kavieng. among the imperiled bases which were to have been supplied by the convoy, did not; perhaps could not send up a single interceptor to oppose the lat- est in an almost daily scries of air poundings they arc receiving. One hundred and twenty miles east of Rabaul. American invasion forces on the newly-won Green is- lands were attacked at night Wednesday and early Thursday by Japanese planes. In five passes, the raiders dropped 20 bombs but failed to inflict casualties. Yugoslav Partisans Battle Near Udine LONDON. Feb. Partisans who have smashed across the Julian Alps to strike at the Nazis in northeast Italy, arc battl- ing near Udine. 20 miles northwest of Gorizia. headquarters of Marshal Josip Broz <TitO) announced today. The broadcast communique said fighting also-was raging along the Hungarian border, in the Travnik area of Bosnia and in Croatia. More than 200 Germans were slain in various clashes, the bulletin said. The Weather U.S. DEPARTMENT OK COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE and Vicinity: Rain this aft- ernoon and tonight; not much change in temperature tonight. Sunday cloudy and slightly warmer. EAST this afternoon and tonight, httle change temperature tonight; Sunday cloudy, slightly warm- er, rain east and south portions. WEST cloudy, light rain or drizzle except. El Paso area and Big B-iid countrx- this afternoon: part- ly cloudy tonight and Sunday, except, cloudy and slight rain east, of Pecos river and Del Rio-Eagle Pass area to- HiRhcsi. tempri-ature yesterdav; City Office, 36; airport. 35. Lowest, this City office, 32: airport, 30. TEMPERATURES Sat-Fri Fri-Thur A.M. Hour P.M. VICTORY Heights Won ALLIED HEADQUAR- TERS, Naples, Feb. forces are holding their lines intact on the bat- tle-churned Anzio beachhead after smashing back attacks by four full German divisions to the strongest Nazi counter blows yet delivered, Allied head- quarters announced today. The Fifth army on the main front to the East, reinforced by New Zealand and Indian troops, tightened a ring: on Cassino from the northeast, northwest and south, winning: two heights west of Mt. Cas-uno and reaching the railway station south of the town after throwing- shells into the ruined strong- hold. The powerful Nazi assault below Rome knocked a hole in the Allied line near Carroceto, 10 miles above Anzio, but Fifth army tanks and infantry struck back in several suc- cessful local counterattacks, "caus- ing heavy casualties co the enemy" and making some progress. An Allied officer declared that "unlike previous enemy attacks this is obviously- the fullest-scale effort to throw the. Allied forces back into the sea." Front dispatches said the Ger- mans were attacking with even greater fury today, and that Al- lied troops were defending: their lines in the jrimmcst fighting. The Germans were spraying the whole area with shcllfire. <Thc German communique broad- cast by Berlin said the Nazis had advanced 2 1-2 miles south of Car- roceto. or within 7 1-2 miles of An- zio. The Germans claimed that they were still holding the Cassino rail- road station, but the Algiers radio said Allied troops had occupied it.) The beachhead battle may be one of the most decisive of the apparently in its crucial stage. Field Marshal Albert Kcssclringr was counterattacking with units drawn from all over Europe, throw- ing in the full weight of his force without regard to costs. At least four divisions, including the Third Armored Grenadiers, were trying to smash straight through to Anzio. Allied nerve cen- ter on the beachhead, while other units brought pressure all along the perimeter. Withering Fifth army fire took a heavy toll of the attackers, which also included the H4th and 7-5Qth motorized divisions and 65th Ger- Scc ITALY, Pg. 7, CoL 7 Newsmen Yanks Gaining Ground Back By DANIEL DE LUCE Associated Press Correspondent AJNZIO BEACHHEAD, Feb. (12 o'clock Mar- shal Albert Kesselring's offensive is being held. T have seen American dough- boys and tankmen hit back and recover in two hours some of the ground that the Germans had paid for in a heavy loss of life in 24 hours of continuous fijfhtingr a day earlier. The Allied preparatory barrage was one of the heaviest concentra- tions of shelling of the Mediterra- nean war. By REYNOLDS PACKARD L'nited Tress War Correspondent ON THE ANZIO BEACHHEAD, Italy, i p. m., Feb. full scale German assault on the Anzio beachhead was cracking up today against, a series of American and counter-attacks in sorae of the greatest tank battles of the en- tire Italian campaign. Sunrise this rnornirtR Sunset toniarht Nazi Paper Squelched ANKARA, Feb. Tur- kish government has ordered indef- inite suspension of the German- language newspaper Turkischer Post at Istanbul for publication of a 44 cartoon depicting the British mon- arch in a derogatory fashion, it, za' Darned last night.