Friday, January 28, 1944

Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 28, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORI n effort (o a Russian break- through to Romania. The two tail junctions taken were Tosno, 30 miles southeast of Lenin- grad, and Volosovo, 47 lies south- west, The Russians were ousting the Germans from their last foothold on the Leningrad-Moscow railway, fighting in the outskirts of the two of Lyuban, 28 miles north of Volk- hovo where the. German hold ended, said the Moscow-broadcast commu- nique, recorded by the Soviet moni- tor. Bombers Plaster Marseilles Area LONDON. Jan. 27 Four- engincd. Allied bombers were ported by the Germans tonight to have slashed at the Marseilles area of Southern Prance today British and Canadian aircraft car- ried out sweeps over Northern France. Belgium and Holland and shot dof.n 10 Nazi lighters. Radio silence on the continent in- dicated lhat night raiders might be out on a new attack. Senators Approve Advances in Army WASHINGTON. Jin. 27 Temporary appointment1! to the rank of lieutenant general were ap- proved by the Senate today for 3eorgc Grunert.asslgnedtohead the Eastern Defense Command In the United Stales and Walter Smith, chief of staff under Gen. 3wight D. Eisenhower and deputy In the western zone of Ihe European-African theater. The Senate also confirmed 'ollowin? temporary appointments to the rank of major general: How- ard Calhoun Davidson, Walter Ernst Lauer, John Edwin Hull, Allison Joseph Barnclt Fay Brink Prlckett, Philip Hayes, Virgil Lee Patterson, Clarence Hagbcrt Danielson. Arthur Wilson, and John Francis Williams. Partisans Advance Almost to Belgrade LONDON, Jan, 27 The Yugoslav Partisans reported today that their advance units were light- ing within sight of the capital city of Belgrade while other patriots had wiped Ihe Germans from two sectors of Cencra I Bosnia to bring 70 per cent of the urea under control of the Army of Liberation. Gen. Patron Tells Mother He's Sorry ATLANTA, Ga., Jan. 27 An Atlanta army mother. Mrs. St a letter signed by G. 5. Patton. Jr., commander of the U. S. Seventh army, saying: 'I have made a very bad mistake, and xxxl have deeply rcgracd it." The letter, Mrs. Massengale said, wns In reply to one written to the Seventh Army commander alter it bccan-.e known that General Patlo.i had struck an enlisted man In Sicilian hospital tent. Army, Navy Disclose Official Report uj0n' J7 !AP) -The flnd Navy issued io'ntly tonight and official story of how the Japanese tortured, starved to death and American and Filipino soldiers who had been and two who the Phil- after almost a year as prisoners, the two departments assembled the stoTv inelud in of he Govirnirieni Monument at Dyess Grave Suggested WASHINGTON, Jan. (API The House heard erwtfon ef Ihe jrart of Lt. proposal today monument Col. William Id win Djreu, shortly btfore hLi story Japanese torlurw Inflicted on American and war prison- ers disclowd to the American public. Representative Russell read into the Congressional Record a Idler from John II. McGaughey, publisher at the Albany (Texas) News, who suggested the marker for Ihe air hfro of flataan, recent airplane rrash vlrlim In California. In the letter, McGaughey recalled that Dress dad ltd a froup Into Ihe hills after the surrender of Bataan, and that one of hlj last missions In the air was a "bomblnt" attack on lap ships In SuMc Bay, with the bombs tied to his pursuit plane. "When his story Is Krote McGuarhcj-, "and It should be right now, it will shock the na- tion nothlnjr has fn (his war: The criicltj of the .laps to the prisoners following the surrender nf Watnwrlghl." THE WEATHER S. PErAKTMfcNT 0V Anii.r.KE 'AND' VICINITV: nnir eloidr cftlttr IhU lonltbt WT.ST TEXAS: >nd l.tiri.r: nd EAST TEXAS ASH r.ttlF Ftld.T TtMPHrtATtHlF.S Thntf. .AH HOITR ThBM. IS M S3 _ Jl Hlfh Tow ttmptrilnrtl U 9 p. m. It an4 Tlilh Iflw ditc lill ym: U >nl Snnul 111! nlihl: :M. Starlit thC) metnlnr- Jt'jS. Hiniet lonlrM: 7.09. Spain Cut Off From U.S. Oil WASHINGTON, Jan. The United Slates has suspended ol) shipments from the Caribbean area to Spain for the month of February. I was learned on excellent atilhorl- y tonight, The step Is understood to b( part of a general reconsideration by his government ot Spain's over-all Spain has been allowed an tx remcly limited amount of fuel oil and from the Caribbean area, practically her only source of supply. The agreed miotas supply- most essential reeds but make it virtually Impossible for Spain to gather any reserves. Mailers Involved In reconsidera- tion of Spain's position regarding the war Include that nation's (atl'jrc to release Italian ships interned in her ports, to control adequately German agents operating on her territory, and reduce export o; war materials to Germany. The climatic step on Spain's part as IM ncgolia'.lon recently of nn agreement with Germany providing pesetas credit (about (o the Nazis. The credit was accorded Germany payment of debts Incurred dur- ing the Spanish Civil War. Thk was a severe Mow at Allied ctforU, lo reduce strategic German Marines Capture New Bay Outpost PEARL HARBOR. Jan. Seventh Army Alrforee .Mllchfll mnllum bombers and fighters downed 16 and prob- ably 22 planes Wednesday In Ihe biggest lullle <uer the Marshall Inlands sinee Ihe Navy rarrier-hasrd raid nf nee. 4, Artm. ChMlrr IV. Xfmlli nonncert tonight, ADVANCED ALLIED HEAD- QUARTERS. New Guinea, Friday, Jan. United States Marines advancing into Japanese-held ter- ritory eastward on Borgen Norlhnestern Britain, bay, have que. Nfltamo viljajre. captured Natamo point, hcsdquar lers reported I'M today's communl- former barge base, was by the Lcathcr- who were given support by Allied planes. The Borgen bay sector was Invad- ed last Dee. 26. To the nnrlh In Ihe Bismarck sea. the stepped up air offensive against [he Admiralty islands was sustained V Liberators which attacked with 120 tons of tombs. Tn the Northern Solomons, Amer- ican ground forces which have held in expanding beachhead, since con- verted into an air base, at Empress Augusta bay on Bougainville, ex- tended ineir positions east of the Torokina vlvcr. imports, since during (h'e past Indicative nf growing Allied air Germany has receiver! finmination nf Japan's Northeastern little Irom Spain because of Ihe New Britain lorlrm Nazis' lack of {headquarters reported today that The. most important material Hie fighters fronj iht cruised Germans Import from Spain Is wolf- ram, nrc from which Is derived. The Allies have adequate supplies, but have made vigorous ef- forts to prevent German acquisition of the vital metal, used to make armor-piercing steel. over that enemy base lor halt an hour without bring Intercepted, Yesterday's communique had re- lated now 60 Japanese planes tore Into Allied raiders and losl from 24 to 28 to raise Nipponese losses there this month above L w ?rison eamp' ComP O'Donnell, about American prisoners died in April and May, said the report, "In the camp at Cabanatuan, about Americans had died up to the end of October, 1942. Still heavier mortality occurred among the prisoners of war at Camp O'Donnell." i Tht calculated campaign of brutality beJ gan against the battle-spent, hungry Amtri-1 can and Filipino soldiers on Bataan as soon they surrendered with what the survivors later "The March of said the reportj The report was assembled from statements made H. McCoy, U. SJ M., Indianapolis; S. M. Melin.% artillery, of Dunmore, Pa., and Lt. Cojl. ham F. Dyess, air corps, of Albany, Texas. I Dyess was killed in a crash ol his fighter plane at while he was preparing fo return to combat against the Japanese. Melinik is now with Gen Douglas MacArthurs command in the Southwest Pacific and McCoy is on duty in the United Slates. While the report was based exclusively on (lie records of hcse three officers, the joint statement said other Americans known to have escaped from Japanese prison camps in the Philippines include tlirce officers and one enlisted man of the Marine Michiel Dobervitch. of Ironton Minn., Major Austin C. Shofner, Slielbyville, Tenn Major Jack Hawkins of Roxlon, Texas, and Corporal Reid Carlos Chamberlain, of El Cajonc, Calif. Dyess told the Army that hcafcn, hungry and tired from the terrible lasf days of combat on Bataan, though further resistance was hopeless, our American' soldiers and their Filipino comrades in arms would not have surrendered had they known the fate in store for them." The "March.of Dyess said, began when thousands of prisoners were herded together al Mariveles airfield on Bataan at daylight on April 10, 1342, after their surrender. Some of them had food, he said, but (he guards would not permit any of them lo eat; they were searched, their personal belongings taken, those with Japanese token or money were beheaded, and groups of 500 lo pris- oners were marched along the nalional road off Bataan to- ward San Fernando in Pampanga province. Those who still had personal belongings were stripped of them, and the Japanese slapped and boat them with sticks as they marched without food or water on a hot day, the report said. Dyess, describing "The March of said that Japanese soldier took his canteen, gave the water to a horse, and threw the canteen away; men recently killed were lying along the roadside, many rim over and flat- tened by Japanese trucks; patients bombed oiil of it hos-' pital, dazed, wandering in pajamas and slippers, were herded into Ihe marching column; the prisoners marched the second day without food, hut at noon were permitted to drink dirty water from stream beside the road; no one was allowed In help prisoners who collapsed and fell; on the third day, the prisoners got their first tnslc of "sun forced lo sil in the boiling sun all day with- out cover. "We had very little waler; our thirst was Dyess reported. "Many of us went crazy and several died. The Japanese dragged out Ihe sick and delirious. Three Filipino and three American soldiers were buried while still alive." The slory continued: Filipino civilians who tried to help were beaten; n colonel and a Filipino soldier who picked up three soldiers who had collapsed and put them on a carl were seized by the Japanese and they und the three soldiers. In were horsewhipped: six Filipino soldiers, haif-crarci wllh thirst, made a dash for roadside well, and all six were killed. "1 nurfr that march if about 15 in slv rtijj on one Ml of Mid "Olhrr Amrrirani made "Ihf JMrch of death' In II without any (ond whatever, Much ot Iht time, ft tourMvthej elvrn the urn Irralmrnt alom thr way." Tlie upon said thai prisoners taken at Corresirtor month Isler, amona them McCoy and Mellnlk. had no experience quite, like the dpath march. However. 1.000 Americans anil 5.000 Filipino? concentrated on square ol concrete about 100 yF.rdj; on each side, kept there without food lor a aceX'. There was only one water spigot for the 1S.OOO mc-n. Alter seven they got their tirst rations ore mess Ml of rtce and Set TORTURE, Taje 3, Cob. and S 00 YOU VALUE YOUR CITIZENSHIP RIGHTS WORTH? PAY YOUR POLL TAX BEFORE FEB. 1st!