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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 23, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE #h War Loan quota $3,245,000.00 Sales Saturday 303,764.00 Sales this month 606,016.50 Shortage 2,638,983.50 Wt)t Abilene SUNDAY WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIEh'DS OR FOES WE SKI. ICU YOVR WORLD EXAC i LY AS I'l GOlS '-Bwnn /OL. LXIII, NO. 220 A TEXAS 5-^ NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 23, 1944-THIRTY-FOUR PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Assocla4ea press fAPj United Prmt (Vr.) PRICE FIVE CENT3 No Major Opposition Encountered in Either Landing or Advancing BV KENNETH DIXON ITALY. Jan. 22(/P)—From the air the Allied troops who started the surprise landing far behind the German line on the western coast of Central Italy appeared to be still woving steadily forward late this afternoon and as yet meeting no major enemy opposition. I flew over the beachhead shortly before 4 o'clock, riding the plexiglass nose of a Boston Glidebombor on a mission to crumble the buildings of the town of Frosinone into the streets to block highway six—the road to Rome—so that German supplies and reinforcements from the Cassino front couldn’t reach the area. As a hitchhiker on the s\icce.*;sful mission of these A20‘8 of the 12th Air Support Command i noted these things: Landinf: craft were strcaminf? In to the shore in the American scctor of the beachhcad. No shells were fallins in their area as they approachcd. There were no artillery flashes visible from the inland areas still occupied by the enemy. The only major movement I could sec was friendly forces pushing forward, The skies still were dominated by our planes: the only questionable aircraft we encountered were four unidentified planes which were believed to be ME109S. They did not attack us. Our formations led by Lt. Karl Block of San Francisco was noi even slint up to the time Staff Sgt. John H Baker, one of our gunners from V.'’^n^:.slo\vn. Ohio, yelled: On the uayl On the way! Everythlnp oka>. Everything okay!” Lt. .loiin V. Budeklcwlci, of Dnrrhestcr. I\Iass.. our pilot, and Staff Sgt. Floran Laonr. of | Znolle. our other gunner, both were amared. rrevious missians over the area had resulted In "flak so thick you could walk on It." At the beachhead I saw several landing craft up on the shorp From then on until we went weav ing «nd twi.cting up to the bomb ^ P-.M photi) reconnaissance pilot of run. dodging the flak that wasn’t ^ Tacoma. Wa.sh.. told of seeing two there, the only activity vi.«.ible was \ Focke Wulfs bomb the beach and that of American troops and equip- ■ strafe tlie landing craft. Spitfires menl movinR forward. and Wnrhawks whipped down and dro\e them off and believed they The skie thirk Allied planes. Lt. Maurice Nordlund. 20-y »Ith knocked rlown one German plan?». In addition the Warhawks wern I reported to have .«ihot down at leasfl -old I six enemy planes. OBJECTIVE SIGHTED—Outflanking the German defense lines in Italy, Allied troops are moving toward this city. Rome, the No. 1 objective in the campaign of that sector. H.t last reports there had been little opposition as the troops moved in from the beaches. Magdeburg Blazing from Big iombing LONDON, Jan. 22 (AP)—The Central German industrial ♦ity of Magdeburg, twice destroyed by fire centuries ago, once more was ablaze tonight after a terrific hammering by the RAF which brought to a climax a mighty 26-hour aerial battle involving perhaps 3,000 Allied planes. Large sections of the city, a ROY MIGHT WANT ALPHABET CHANGE l^il junction harboring a wide variety of war industries, were left in flames by a deluge of more than 2,000 long tons of explosives and incendiaries dropped with saturat-Tiig effcct in 34 minutes by planes which flew more than ,'iOO miles to reach their targets. Tlie a.i.saiilt brought to nt least tons the total weight of bomb hi.rleri on Europe by Allied air arniada.'i in two nicht.s and a day. An RAP a.-aaull on Berlin Thursday night and an American hean’ bomber pounding of the ■•rocket i®in coa.»i " of France Piiday were the other principal raids. While the nAF was pulver-Izine Masdeburit. 83 miles southwest of Berlin, smaller . fleets of four-enElncd Lancas-lers and plywood Mosquitos acain visited bomb-scarred Berlin, and the Germans unwrapped a new type niEhl raider to make their heaviest ass.iull In a year aRainst Lon-jjdnn. The widespread night operations cost the Briti.sh 52 bombeTj, one of the heavie.st 1o,=se.s .suffered by the B.\F. although a total of nroiuid 1.000 planes were believed tgi liave been involved so that the ».s.ses were probably kept down to five per cent. Hiller sent !)0 planes aicalnst Britain in two waves, but only 30 reached London and at least 10 were shot down by British night fighters and ground defenses. They dropped 90 tons of bombs on Britain. A German military spokesman quoted by the Berlin radio said v^at the planes used by the Germans were of a type "so far unknown to the enemy.” He added that “nothing further can be said for the time being about the strategic and tactical purpose of UiLs new attack.” ^Reliable Danish sources reported that the Gemians had requisitioned 10.000 lon.s of meat from Dcn-! mark to be sent immediately to Berlin, where a food .shortage was adding to the hardships of bomb- Phone Surcharges Being Eliminated ..K WASHINGTON, Jan. 22 —i>P)— yfll surcharges will be eliminated February 15 on interstate long-dls-tance telephone calls made from hotels, apartment houses, clubs, and Mmilar places, the Federal Com-! municationa Commission announced Tdiiy. CORPUS CHRISTI, Jan. 22^;^P) —There Is only one letter's difference in the names Roy and Ray, but that unit of tlie alphabet bar-raged the records of three draft boards. A year ago. a man whose last name was Roy and who had registered with Draft Board No. 3 here, moved to the Rio Grande valley, and a man whose last name was Ray and who was registered with Draft Board No. 4 moved to the same valley town. Board 3 transferred Roy to the valley board for examinations, and Board 4 transferred Ray. who had already had his examinations, to the valley board for Induction. A twisi of the ‘O.” sent Roy to the army without any examinations. Records of the Corpus Christi boards showed that Ray was in the army, when he was actually never called, and that Roy was delinquent during the year he was taking Ray s training. Now the vowels have been straightened out and the comedy ha.s come to light. Roy. with a year's service record, isn't too amused, but Ray. still a civilian, but with a fine army record, can laugh through every act of it. Wool Growers Ask Price Guarant'ees DENVER. Jan. 22 —(/Ti— Re-ports were current today that the National Wool Growers association may formally demand price guarantees from the federal government as protection against the release of vast w'ool stockpiles. The organization will open *a three-day convention here Monday. Stuart Hoffman, Montroe, president of the Colorado Wool Growers, said wool men are perturbed by the Increasing stockpile of domestic and foreign wool. They fear, he said, that the backlog will be released on the American market, with "devastating" price results. Bolivia Announces It'll Fight Axis WASHINOTON. Jan. 22 —<^P|— The new Bolivian government disclaimed any link with forces unfriendly to the United States by announcing today that It would declare war on the Axis. The position of President Villar-roel’s regime was made known by Fernando Iturralde. sub-secrt, iiiv of the Bolivian lorcisn office. Sidestep Defense Lines Resistance Weak on FAR-RANGING AMERICAN PIANES DROP Reds Wllliln BOMBS ON HOT, COLD JAP STRONGHOLD Six Miles of Trunk Rails By LEON.ARD MILLiAN A.ssociatcd Press War Editor Far-ranging American bombers hit widely scattered slroncpoinis of Japans outlying circle of defense from frigid Paramushiro to the Equatorial Solomons whila Australians resumed their inland drive toward enemy strongholds on Northeast New Guinea. Allied bombers returned unscathed from every raid except on lierccly defended Rabual where, Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported today. 15 Japanese and six Allied planes were shot down. Tlie dog fight accompanied a raid Thursday afternoon by low flying Mitchell medium bombers. Liberator heavies followed up with another attack on the Northeastern Now Britain enemy base Friday morning. Around 200 Japanese planes and 42 Allied rafders have been destroyed over Rabaul this month. Start of the Australian push up the Faria river valley toward the Madang area was annoui;iccd on the lifst anniversary of their drive to clear the- Japanese out of Northeast New Guinea. 'The Aussies were about 25 miles from Bogad-jim, the nearest of a scries of strong points in the Madang area. Down the Northeast New Guinea coast American planes strafed Japanese retrcp.ting before a coastal force of Australians almost into the arms of Americans at Saidor. Northwest of Madang a 7,000 ton tanker was sunk. A Japanese freighter wm bagged near the Admiralty islands in the Bi.smarck sea. Aleutian-based bombers twice attacked the Paramushiro naval base, at the northern tip of the home islands of Nipjx)n. in the early moming darkness Frida’-. All the planes mad? the 1.500-mile round trip safely. A single plane and antiaircraft fire meeting th? first flight was Uie only opposition. Parnmu.'^hlro Is Japan's first line of defense asain.si po.ssible invasion froni .Ma.'^uTi. a ix>ssibilitv greatly feared by the .Japanese. The L'iland has been raided .seven timr.«i. Five fmtified Islands in tht* Marshall.s were attacked Friday, tne 19th aay this month that the mandated Islands have been hit. Bomber* and fighters of the Southeast .Vsla rommanU made «•ide sweeps over enemy land and sea communicatinns In Burma. Clrnund forces captured anotlier viliagr In the southwest and cleared the enemy from another stretch of the pathway of tiip new Ledo road hi Northrrn Burma. Tlie St I a ill of food. frnn.''Porianor tion was I filoctcd breaking non-mil ila: 1.5.415.000000 \en. 000.00 thr 1)1 late, iniJiiricri 10 about S3.545,-\v TNchange iiems. WIDOW RKCKIVES POSTHUMOUS AWARD TO HUSBAND—Standing rigidlv at altcn-tion in front of the flag for which her husband died on the field of haltle. Mrs. Lloyd .1. Bex, Abilene, was presented (he Silver Star medal at Camp Barkeley Saturday morning, awarded posthumously to her husband for gallantry in action during the Sicilian campaign. Pinning the medal on Mrs. Bex is Col. Victor W. B. Wales. Camp Barkeley commander, who lost a son in the servicc of his country during the successful invasion of North Africa. Capt. John D. Wilson, left, camp adjutant, read the ■l.'ith division general order which authorized the posthumous award to Captain Bex, who was killed in action in Italy last Sept. 11. (Keporter-News photo). POSTHUMOUS SILVER STAR AWARDED CAPT. BEX Attractive Mr.-i Lloyd .) Bex. thr former Mary FYance.» TUfle. daugii-ter of Mr. and Mrs. G. B. Tittle. 2041 North Third. Saturday mornnii^ was presented the Silver Star medal which had been awarded po.sthum-ously to her husband, a captain of infantry. Col. Victor W. B. Wales, commanding officer of Camp Barkrley. made the pre.sentation after Capt. John T. Wilson, camp adjutan'. h^id read the general order which authorized the award to Captain Bex Tliis general ordrr Nf). 27. from lieadquaj-ters of th^* 45th Infanfr\’ division follows: "Lloyd J. Bex. O-IOO.,! Cap’Hin. infantrv. for callanrry m action on xxth July 1943 near XXXXX. Sicily Enemy forces compased of infantry and supporting tanks launched a strong attack in the zone defended by Company K. Captain Bex while Undec rifle, machine gun. and 88mm gun fire, personally conducted the successful defeivic of his company's position, and immediately launcb^’d a vigorou.s counter-attack causing the enemy to withdra v in confiision with great las.«; In personnel air! tanks. The drtermination. prr.-n-vrrance. and aggre.s.sivc leadeish.p of Captain Bex set an inspiring rs* amble to his men, contributing nia-terially in the succe.s.s of the action." By command of Major General Middleton: James C. St\ron. Colonel. G. S. C., Chief of Staff Dated 19 Ortober lfl43, Presentafion of the mrdal to Mt Brv wa.<; made on th<» pararir-crotmds In front of camp headquai-ters. Band of thr Milit.Try pohcr Training Center at Barkrlry provided music for the crremony and thp guard of honor was the 1370t,h Mili-tar>' Police companv, commanded f>v Capt. Earl F. Sherman. Lt. Col B. Ray. commander of the MPTC. and Lt. Col. H. R. Noack. acting commander of the MPTC. and other officers from the MP center and camp headquarters, attended thr ceremony. Lt. Col. Leslie V Lyng, camp op rinfion.« and trnininB oflurr srrv-rcl a.s ppr.sonal escort for Mrs B»x during the ceremony. I Captain Bex was killed in action 'in Italy. Sept. U. 1943, only Iwo j days after American iroop.s stormed the beaches at Salerno to launch thf current Fifth Army dnvf towiHfl Rome Captain Brx ran)»' to Canip Barkfiry with tl.p Vnh fh. ision h in 1941 jilid hr and Mir f-iMK! Mi.KiS Tittle were mnrnrd abou' uvo yrars ago. Ca))tain Bex wh.«; a '.on or .M: and Mrs. J. H. Brx of Mnnwum, OkJa Members of Mrs Rr\ s f.unilv and friends attending ihr prr^rn-tation ceremony at camp inchidrd: Her parents, Mr. and Mr.s, Tittle; three sisters, Mrs. O H Cannon, Juanita and Rebecca Tiitle: a brother. Jimmie Don Tittle; a nephew, William Cannon: Mrs John D. Simpson Jr.. Mrs. Le.^-la P’rcnLh. Eloise Elmore. Mr.-^ Ri'h^ud Ha-uood. Bonnie Church and Mr.'- Krn-neth Walter. on Japans nd prodiu-hcv rocoid budget Tok- radio annonncrd the biiduet of LONDON. SuncUv. Jan. 23 (AP)—The Russians, pursuing the beaten German besiegers of LcningrafI, ha\'c closed to within six miles of (he great rail hub of Krasnog-vardeisk controlling the trunk railways to Estonia and Poland while otlier forces to the east liave cleared a second Leningrad-Moscow rail route and are advancing to free the third. The Mo.«;cow midnlßht bulletin, recorded by the So\iet Monitor, .said 70 to\vn.>s and hamlrt.s wrrr capturrd and o\er 2,.'>00 Gormans were killed in the Leningrad area Many German« laid down Iheir arm* and surrendered In the forests wrst of Novgorod, lefift than 100 mites south of Leningrad as the Russians <jlcaned out the last porkets of surrounded Nazis. Thp railway slation of Tatino. 20 miles north of Novgorod, and two other un-namrd stations wore raptured after a fierce haUle, the communique said. Gains were al.«io made In Southern White Ru.'>siu where seven com-munitie.s were taken as the forces of Konstantine Rokas.sovsky reached out. from captured Kalln-kovlchi flirouyh the Prijiet rnar.slie.«;. In the nortli. after capturing Mag Friday, the Russians o;>rned the railway finin Leningrad '•> Mos<ow via M«a Volkiu)\. Vf>lt*^;da and Advance Near Rome By WKS GALLAGHER ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, .Tan. 22 (AP)— American and British troops h.v the thousands landed practically without opposition on the heaches south of Rome and moved inland today in a daring, successful seahorne blow that completely surprised the Germans and deeply outflanked the powerful “Gustav" and "Adolf Hitler” defense lines. The Gormans placed the strnr 16 In 28 miles south of Rome on a ;!f)-mile flat coast bctwepn the Tiber river mouth and the resort town of Nettunii, and they admitted loss of Nettunn harbor. Allied headquarters said the landing caught the Nazis by “complete surprise" and "constitute a grave menace" to enemy communications. Troops who spla.shed a.shorp met "slight" resistance and are making "satisfactory progic.ss" in their drive inland. The great amphibiou.'; stroke that ended the Italian deadlock was timed perfectly with a new general Fifth Army offensive on the land front which fully occupied the stubborn German Tenth Army. • The NBC correspondent in Naples reported the Germans facipg the old front in the Liri valley ”havf» started to break, and enemy vehicles now are reported moving north- .slav rda \ tlie red Mo.scow hue \ ia ! Ovini.shche, whu h However driving fo: line tlirni Kalinin, i tlie doulilc-tracked i KoM’ino-'I'osno lUiv.i eflicient fron go.st <ilie.s, .^wiiiLiinK east, wlirre Mya na.s captured. Red arinv tioop.^ uen- onlv 12 mile,«; nortliea.vt of in.^nc» ^vith the capture of Vo.skre.-^en.skoNe. Uruguay, Cuba Reject Bolivia MONTEVIDEO Uruguay. Jan. 22 <A'< Uruguay and Cuba announced todav thev would not recognize the month-old revolui i(»iiai y regime in Bolivia, toppiiu; cilf a series of wide-ly-sej)arated developments in connection with alleu.it ions of Nazi activitie.s in .Sonrli .\merica, Aryrntina \s the 'Uilv American republu- to re<i)t!ni/e (he Bolivian reyiine and. uith Bolivia, is the onh one which did not participate in rerent e\(han;:e.v of information coiueininK »he Bolivian coup last i:iugua' '■ .Tiuinur.* rmcnt said Bolivia would not tie re< o«niz.ed •'while pre.^ent circum.siaiu e.v persist .” In I.a Paz. Bolivian capital. Foreign Mlni.ster Jose Toinayo said non-ro<oiinltion find.«' u.s serene because we have expected the news." The Argentine «overnment Itself was meanwhile in tlie midst of an inquirv into a pos.vible .spy ring as a re.sult of Helhnuths arrest by th'- Bii'i'h Os. Il)!ir Garcia. Bond Sales Here Pick Up; Leaders Stress E Series' Taylor county's Fourth War Loan dri\’e took on new life Saturday when roport.s fiiim issuing agent.', showed purchase of $382,.'ti!l .7,5 more war bond.s. Purihases reported Fndav and Saturday more ihan doubled the amount purcha.sed from Jan. 1 to Friday and brought the January buyinii to a total of $606.016 50 This left the eounlv $2.638.98.1 .iO .short of the h'ourth War Loan Quota of $3,24.t,(K)0, Allliough approximately SiOO,-njM> of thr hond^ hnught Friday and Saturday were F. bonds, and that wa% rnrnuragine, the rnunly wa\ still more than a million dollars short of its K iierie» quota of Sl.IlO.l.OOO. C M caldtvrll rounty war bond (hairma.., wa.'. hoprful that the county would now reall\ KCt Into the .•^wing of the ranipa:«n and pat See WAR BOSnS. Pr. «. CoJ. 1 Coleman War Bond Sales $153,607.50 COI,KM.*lN .h.li ‘2'J - 'Sl)l I .Siile ni war l>ond.*- in thr Fouiih War I/ian dri\r toiHlrd SIM.607 r)(i in Coleoian .Saturday m noc'ii the countv war bond conunitiee ip-ported Counts Koal i.s $802.000. State Sales Reach $22,918,027 Mark DAL1.A.S .lull 22 - V~ W;ir bond sales to indnidual.s in Texas reported offuiallv for the fir.st four days of the pv.urth War Ixian dnvr totalled $22 918 027 tiir .viatp heatl-quarter.s for the d.ivr rii.sclo.sed today. Kennetli Dixon. A.«;.«iociated Pres.s .spt'nde vh.. f]. the beachci^ south nf Rome said Gernian aiui-airrraft fire at a road junction town wa.s so slight that the Nazis either were di-spersing their weapons or retreating, Don IViiitehead. Asitociated Prcs.^ correspondent who accompanied tlie amphibiou.s force as representative of the combined .American press. wrote landing "was Cht the and simply don and pletrly by surprise that as I write ihls di.spatch six hours af-the landins. .\merican trnop<« are literally standing with their mouths open and shakinx their heads in utter amaiement’* *1 still don't believe it." a Fifth Army infantrvnian. veteran of other amphibious operations told liim. Allied air men said Germ an air activity wa .s pra rticP lily non-exis- The battle -wi.se Bnt; ish and Amer- Kan tinop.s lo.Sl 1 I., li ime in taking ad Vantace of tl je situalK >n bv -smaslunt; .sti •aiKhi inla nd tf>w, ard the .•\[)pian tt a\ and the road.s leading Rome s. I'vei'Ui K of the.se route.'. 12 and 22 milc.s fro: ni the Coast. would trap Ihe bulk n f the C «erman Tenth Arm v. 13 di\ i.sions ■stronc. and leave i he pa th t o Rom p luself 'Hi at 000 for .sale represented 10 9 per e quota for $210.000,-(o individual.^ The THE WFATriFR underse< retar\ of thr Ari-erUinr for-rii-n ofii<r. annoiUKod tliat police had un< ovi-ird « f)inpronii.sinK r\ id-en< e hnt that n<'!hinii could be di.s-( lo.^eri at pre.sent Hellniulh ha.s been fit eri. Montrvifiro poln r announced tliat a letter of purported instructions to Nazi acents in South America to .sabotace pan-American unity had been delivered to a Montevideo newspaper b> a German who was kickcd out of .-\rKentiiia for forging anti-German evidence. In Argentina authorities icept mum on the affair;, but the German emba.ssy in Buenos Aires issued a statement drir hip knov»'-Ictisc of the pcr.*>ons mentioned. l virtually undefended Mrm e.stablisiiment of the beachheads below Rome was apparently far ea.sier than at Salerno last September, and allowed a quick drive inland. The Fifth Army erupted all along it.s front to the .southea.st ui a furious all-out a.s.sauU fimn French po.siiU)ns in the mninram.« abo\e Sant Elia to British lines along the coast It was apparent tli.^f the Allies had sKle-slcpped the ea.^ih-defended Pontine ma^shc,^ and d:-:\r:: onto the solid beaches farther north. Only a few’ scattered hill.s liar the route to Rome, in conira.-^t with mile after mile of lowerinc saber-toothed mountain.s on the cross-Italy fronts of the Fifth and Eighth Armies. It ha.s been esiimated there are 12 to l.l (icrman divi.sion» eneasinc ihe Allies iielnw the scene of the laiulincs. (ien. Sir Ilarrv .\Icxander, rommander of .MlictI forces on the t entral Mediterranean front, thus used the .\llies' best developed technique of warfare —the amphibiour. landing—to break the Italian stalemate and See ITALY. Pg. fi. Col. 1 Missing in Action Pvt. Walter W. Baack of Knox City was lusted by the War department Saturday as missing In action in thr Mediterranean area. Next ot kiM u Mrs. Billie L. Baack, wile.
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