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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

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Years available: 1917 - 1977

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View sample pages : Abilene Reporter News, January 11, 1944

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 11, 1944, Abilene, Texas Yanks Battle Nazis Over Reich Sofia Battered Twice in 12 Hours SEE STORY IN COLUMN 4 WAR BOND SCORE Fourth War Loon quota $3,245,000.00 Solos Monday    6,443.50 Sales this month    56,111.00 Portage    3,188,889.00 SEE STORY IN COLUMN 8®f)e abilene Sporter ~3&eto£ FINALWITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE    YOUR    WORLD    EXACTLY    AS    IT    GOES”-Bvro    n VOL. LXIII, NO. 209 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY ll, 1944-TEN PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Pres* (UP.) PRICE FIVE CENTSFD Calls for Labor Draft Soviets 62 Miles Inside Poland; Sarny Totters, Rovno Encircled Berlin Hints Armies Split By Russians LONDON, Jan. ll—(UP) — German sources reported to-$iv that the Red army had driven 62 miles deep into old Poland, was attacking the key rail junction of Sarny from two directions, and was threatening to encircle Rovno, me Nazi administrative capital for the Ukraine. A Berlin dispatch of the Nazi-controlled Scandinavian Telegraph Bureau to Stockholm ^acknowledged a landslide of German setbacks in the old Polish state, indicating that Adolph Hitler's armies on the Russian front virtually had been split, pother Stockholm Mv re* report ed a Nazi admission that the Germans ‘probably" had lost Sarny, rail junction on the lower rim of the Pripet marshes 36 miles west of the pre-war Soviet-Polish frontier. The dispatch was the first indi-Htion that the Russians were directly threatening Rovno, 52 miles south of Sarny and 22 miles inside old Poland, the first big town on the Warsaw-Ukraine trunk railway. * * • ^Moscow announced the capture rn Lyudvipol, 28 miles northeast of RUSSIANS ADVANCE ON FIVE FRONTS—Solid arrows indicate Russian drives against the Germans in the Ukraine and old Poland. One spearhead was within Sarny, another approached the rail junction of Shepetovka and a third drive from captured Zhornishche threatened the Odessa-Warsaw railroad. Open arrows indicate possible encirclement of Nazis in Smela area by First Ukrainian Red army driving south through Buki and the' Second Ukrainian army pushing west through Alexandrovka. Shaded area is German-held territory in pre-war Russia. Black line marks battlefront. Fifth Pounds at Cassinos Gates ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Algiers, Jan. ll—UP)—A Fifth Army ptn-Rovno, yesterday. The Soviets also cers closed in on the German bastion of Cassino, 70 miles from Rome, Enemy Fliers 'Realistic Tax ,'Cost of Food'N Ai""® weSSS Im Also in 5-Point Program f3„a™ I UU jllV/liyill    WASHINGTON,    Jan.    ll.—(AP)—A five point legislative program, head- ■ UI DUlvJCll IU revealed that their spearheads had driven to within 54 miles of Rumania and 20 miles of the Warsaw-Odessa railway while cutting two £ the remaining supply lines for the Germans threatened with entrapment in the Dnieper bend. Gen. Nikolai F. Vatutin sent the southern battering ram of his 1st Ukrainian army sweep- #ing through Ncmirov, only five miles from the Bug river, 54 miles from Rumania's Bessarabian province and 20 miles northeast of the Odessa-Warsaw trunk railway, the only practical escape route for Ceriman armies in the Dnieper bend. Nearly 15.000 enem? troops were killed by the combined armies, 8,-000 of them by Konev's men in annihilating the encircled remnants of three routed German tank divi-fons and one motorized and one infantry division which had refused to surrender. In addition, many prisoners were taken. SOPs to Meet in f hicago June 16 CHICAGO. Jan. ll—(Al—The Republicans decided today to nominate their presidential and vice presidential candidates at a convention in Chicago beginning June % t * Selection of the convention time and date was made by the party's national committee after it had adopted a resolution urging the enactment of federal and state laws to facilitate absentee voting by ^embers of the armed forces. today, with one arm reaching the outskirts of Cervaro, fortified village four miles to the southeast, headquarters announced. Air, land and sea activity flared all over the Italian and Balkan fronts, as night bombers returned to Sofia to pound the Bulgarian capital in a swift followup to yesterday's daylight raid, and British destroyers sank three German schooners and |-:-- damaged four others trying to run the blockade to Civitanova, Ancona and San Benedetto. American troops advancing up the road to Rome threatened the German mountain defense of Mt. Roc-chio, less than three miles from Cassino, while British troops completed the capture of Mount Pedro, five miles southeast of Cassino, and continued to forge alicad. Only patrol activity marked the Eighth army front. RAF and American bombers and fighters supported Allied troops in j the battle area, while RAF Welling- j tons bombed an airfield at Villorbia, 30 miles from Venice, and RAF Mos-1 quitos and Marauders shot up trains in the Po valley and near Bordeaux and Toulouse in France. Nine German planes were destroyed for a loss of three Allied aircraft, headquarters said. The British destroyers Jervis. Troubridge. and Tumult sweeping the German-held Adriatic coast Friday night sank three German schooners and bombarded the railway at Civitanova and Ancona. The next night they found four more schooners in the arca, damaging them so badly they were abandoned. Tile destroyers topped off the night by shelling San Benedetto. Grandfather Goes As Army Inductee Believed to be the first grand-Chicago won the convention with father to enter service from either a <175,000 bid if ter William Stern, North Dakota committeeman, made hts quadrennial humorous bid to take the convention to Fargo, N. D. I Youths Confess Mission Burglary Charged with burglary, Winfred (Rusty Brown, and Walter Lee ^ a thew, bot lf about 19. were to be arraigned in justice court here this afternoon, after having signed statements before sheriff s officers confessing that they broke into the University Baptist Mission on Ash street in mid-December. (p According to the statements given Deputy Sheriff Red Williams, the boys cut the screen, smashed the window and entered the church to sleep. Williams said they tore down a window curtain and scattered pe-gn shells over the floor of the local Selective Service boards. Herman Stephens Haywood, 2618 Hickory, 34-year-old grandfather, was one of five men leaving Abilene Tuesday for Fort Sill. Okla. and service with the U. S. Army. The soldier grandfather is the step-father of two sons, one of which is the father of a seven-months old child. Haywood, formerly a salesman for the Grand Union Tea Co, was inducted into service Dec. 22. Leaving also were Johnnie Willis Hammond, Marion C Graham. William J. Claxton and John Clovis Sanford. Mexico City Jolted MEXICO CITY, Jan. ll.—i/p,-One factory was wrecked nere yesterday as the result of a strong earthquake which shook the capital shortly after 3 p. rn. (.CWT). No one was injured Coke Frowns on Special Session AUSTIN, Jan. ll.—(A*)—A special session of the Texas legislature could not greatly facilitate soldier voting, Governor Coke R. Stevenson decided today. Present law and the state constitution — providing military authorities dispatch the handling of applications and ballots—give Texans in the armed forces a fairly reasonable opportunity to vote In state elections, the governor said. Based on an opinion given by Attorney General Grover Sellers, it was tile governor’s theory that time restrictions on applying for absentee ballots could be eased by an act of the legislature but the restriction presently are not too severe. The governor pointed out that soldiers, otherwise qualified, could in many instances pay poll taxes by Feb. I and thus become eligible to vote in state primary elections. In a proclamation urging payment of poll taxes he urged particularly that soldiers and sailors meet this qualification which the attorney general said was requisite. The governor said that soldier vote legislation under consideration in congress might change the situation in Texas but he was neither willing; to forecast what congress might do nor forecast the effect of national legislation upon state voting requirements and administration. Pair Indicted in Soldier's Death COFFEEVILLE. Miss., Jan ll— (A5—Two men were indicted and a woman was named as a material witness in connection with the slaving last June of Pvt. Jiminy B. Deskin, 18, of Camp McCain, Miss,, and Tulia, Texas. Indicted by the circuit court grand jury were A I. Shaw, Jr., Coffeeville mule trader, and Aaron L. Hefner, Coffeeville pool ’•oom operator. Mrs. Margaret Nicholson Hunt of Yalobusha county was named a material witness. LONDON, Jan. ll—(UP) — An hour-long parade of giant American planes streamed into Axis Europe today and radio Berlin reported that swarms of American heavy bombers and Nazi fighters were locked in a great air battle over central Germany. The luftwaffe, conspicuously absent during the heavy Allied raids on the French invasion coast in recent weeks, rose in strength to meet the American bombers, according to Transocean. which said “heavy losses” were inflicted on the raiders. Simultaneously’ with the apparent resumption of the 8th U. S. Air Force's assault on the continent after a three-day rest, strong formations of medium bombers and fighters attacked the French invasion coast. The Fortresses and Liberators last raided Europe Friday, when they blasted unidentified targets in southwest Germany. Nazi broadcasts said the twin Rhineland chemical cities of Mannheim and Ludwigshafen were hit. Twin-engined British Mosquitos resumed the British offensive against Berlin with a nuisance raid last night as authoritative air ministry sonrtes estimated that the campaign to knock tho Nazi capital out of the wrar had been 40 percent completed. The full extent of damage to Berlin was revealed for the first time since the start of the RAF's obliteration offensive with the completion of air reconnaissance photographs, Air ministry sources said. Emphasizing that their estimate was a conservative one. these sources pointed out that the ricturM—taken Dec. 21 from an altitude of more than 30,000 feet—showed that at least 17 percent of Berlina buildings were destroyed in the first six major attacks, in which about 10.800 short tons of bombs were dropped. The attacks began Nov. 18. Since then, 5 600 additional tons were dropped in four large-scale raids, bringing the total destruction to at least 25 percent, estimated conservatively, and rendering vast areas of the capital useless for war purposes, they said. WASHINGTON, Jan. ll.—(AP)—A five point legislative program, headed by enactment of a national service law, was recommended to congress today by President Roosevelt. He proposed a national service act for the duration to "prevent strikes" and, with some exceptions, to "make available for war production or for any other essential services every able-bod ied adult in this nation." These were his other four pqints: 1. “A realistic tax law.*’ 2. Continuation of the law permitting renegotiation of war contracts. 3. A “cost of food law.” 4. Re-enactment of the economic stabilization act which expires next June 30. In his annual message to congress, which he was prevented by the grippe from delivering in person, Mr. Roosevelt dwelt largely on domestic problems, but he spoke also of the war and its progress. His legislative program was proposed “in order to concentrate all our energies and resources on winning the war and to maintain a fair and stable economy at home.’’ His five measures, the chief executive said, “form a just and equitable whole.’’ The president said he was convinced that a national service act was necessary. “Although I am convinced,” he said, “that we and our Allies can win without such a measure, I am certain that Abilenes special chief of police nothing less than total mobilization of manpower and capi-election was lagging this morning ; tai resources will guarantee an earlier victory.” Voting lags in Chief Election with less than 500 persons going to the polls by 12 noon. A survey of the five voting stations at noon showed a total of 472 votes cast. The Shelton -Webb Ufotor company box was leading with 126 ballots followed by 95 at the Cedar Street fire station. 94 at the Butternut fire station, 81 at the court house and 76 at Fair Park Election observers expected the voting to be brisk beginning during the noon hour and continuing until the polls close at 7, p. rn. Today's bright sunshine and warmer weather was expected to boost the total vote to near 2,000 by nightfall. Unofficial returns of the election are expected early tonight but the official canvass of votes will not be taken until the city commission meets next Friday afternoon. E. M Overshiner, city attorney, said the victorious candidate would probably take the oath of office immediately following the official tabulation. F&M Stockholders Reelect 5 Directors FHve directors were reelected to the board at the annual stockholders meeting of the Farmers and Merchants National bank this morning. President Henry James announced. The directors are H. O. Wooten, C. W. Bacon. George S Anderson, S. M Jay, and Henry James. They will meet later to elect officers, Mr. James said. Citizens National bank stockholders were to meet at 2 p. rn. today. Pay Your Poll Tax! County's goal  .......15,000 Paid Tuesday ............ 705 Paid to date..............3,705 V •    * 51.75 qualifies you to vote in this year's elections. Pay at: Collector’s office, Court House. Fain Pharmacy, West Texas Utilities, Braneh post offices at .Mc-Murry, Hardin-Simmons, aud ACC. * * * DEADLINE January ll. He's Quiet and Modest— TALKING HERO’S GIRL FRIEND PROUD, PUZZLED Supporting his arguments for a national service aet, he said millions of Americans “arr not in this war at all" and that. the act would j be a means by which every man and woman could make the fullest possible contribution to victor Mr. Rooaevalt described ‘ a realistic tax law,” tile first point in hts | legislative list, as one which would tax all unreasonable profits, both in i dividual and corporate, and reduce the ultimate cost of the war. The revenue bill now in Congress, which would yield only about I j fifth of what the administration had sought, docs not start to meet this test, he said. • • • Backing up his request for continuation of contract renegotiation the chief executive asserted it would prevent “exorbitant profits and assure fair prices to the government.” He recalled that hr had pleaded with Congress for two years to take undue profits out of war. On his third point, a cost of food law, he said it should enable the government to put a reasonable floor under farm prices and a ceiling on the prices that consumers pay. It should app'y only to necessities, he declared, and public funds will be required to effectuate It. He figured the cost would he about one percent of the present annual cost of the war. Unless the stabilization statute is renewed, he said, the country can expect “price chaos by summer.” Stabilization cannot be accomplished by wishful thinking, he said, and positive action must be taken to maintain the integrity of the dollar. ae* Tile President touched with relative brevity, at the outset of his message, on the war conferences which took place overseas in the final weeks of 1943. He hailed them as intended to prevent mistakes made at the conclusion of the last war. "Of course, we made some commitments,” he said. “We mast certainly committed ourselves to very large and very specific military plans which require the ase of all Allied forces to bring about the defeat of our enemies at the earliest possible time. "But there were no secret treaties or political or financial commitments. "The one supreme objective for the future, which we discussed for each nation individually, and for all the United Nations, can be summed up in one word—security. "And that means not only physical security which provides safety from attacks by aggressors. It means also economic security, social security, moral security in a family of nations.” Mr. Roosevelt warned against over-confidence and complacency, asserting the way to fight and win the war is "all out" and not with half an eye on battlefronts and half an eye on personal, selfish, or political interests at home. He said he ltoped congress would recognize that while 1944 Is a political year, “national service is an issue which transcends politics.” He said he believed the American people would welcome a measure based on a just principle of “fair for one. fair for all." Asking congress to look into means for implementing what he termed an economic, second bill HE ADQU ARTERS U. S. 15TH AIR FORCE, Italy, Jan. ll.— (UP) —British Wellington bombers, intensifying what appeared to be an aerial offensive to blast Bulgaria out of the war, started fires visible for more than 55 miles last night in the second Allied raid on Sofia in 12 hours. RAID SUCCESSFUL Guided to their target by fires kindled in the American Flying Fortress attack yesterday, the twin-engined Wellingtons carried out what returning crews described as a “highly successful" raid. Flames from one fire shot IOO feet into the air, they said. The twin raids on Sofia coincided with reports relayed from neutral sources of a political crisis that may result in Bulgaria becoming the first of Germany's Balkan satellites to collapse under the threat of heavy Allied air attacks and the approach of the Red army. *    0    rn • A Stockholm Svenska Bagbladet dispatch from Budapest said Rumania was preparing feverishly to evacuate the government from Bucharest because of the danger of Allied air raids. Oil foreign legations have been urged to move from the capital to Transylvania, tne dispatch said.) Coincidental with the Flying Fortress raid on Sofia yesterday, Italian-based American Liberators attacked railroad targets at Skoplje, Jugoslav bottleneck on the trunk railway running into Greece MACON, Ga , Jan. ll—Peggy Mitchen, 17-year-old war plant mechanic, says she can't understand how quiet, modest Billy Miller talked 19 Germans into surrendering in Italy. “But I guess even a silent person can speak up when its a matter of being a prisoner or taking them,” she said In amazement after reading about Billy hoodwinking a German lieutenant and 18 enlisted men Into believing they were surrounded and then marching them to captivity. Miller, 21, of Peoria. 111., sent a “h^llo" to Peggy before heading back to the front lines. Peggy got the message last night when she reported for work as a mechanics’ helper at Warner Robins air depot near Macon. “Of course. I'm proud,” she ^aid, “but Billy never was much of a talker. Just the opposite of me. He just liked to be quiet.” Blonde Peggy said she met Billy when he was stationed at Camp Wheeler near here. KRBC has this double-feature scheduled tonight: Local election returns, 7:30 to 8; Roosevelt’s report to the nation, beginning at 8. of rights, Mr. Roosevelt vigorously assailed “whining demands of self-tit) pressure groups who seek to j feather their nests while young J Americans are dying.” He spoke of the need for unity at home, pounding away on a theme he has used before—that there is only one front in the war. "Each and every ore of us," he declared, "has a solemn obligation under God to serve this nation in its most critical hour—to keep this nation great—to make this nation See ROOSEVELT Pg. 2. Col. 3 Air Battle Score: Yanks 8, Nazis 2 Bv LYNN HEINZERLING AT AN AMERICAN HEAVY BOMBER BASL IN ITALY. Jan ll. —(/Pi— Apparently attempting to impress the Bulgarians with the strength of their defense of "fortress Europe", the Germans sent up between 40 and 50 fighter planes against the American heavy bombers which soared across the Adriatic from Italy yesterday to pound Sofia, returning pilots said. The Nazi fighters met the Fortresses as they approached the target and fought a running battle for 30 minutes before and during the bombing. The air men declared, however, that they had a field day with these defenders. Pilots of escorting planes said they shot down eight. Two Fortresses were reported lost on the raid. A heavy flak barrage also was thrown up. Although the fighter escort took most of the burden of opposing the enemy fighters, some of the Mes-serschmitts closed rn to within 75 feet of the heavy bombers. One flew through a formation but was knocked down by other Fortresses at a lower level Sgt. Alfred Lebrecque, ball turret gunner, of Alpena, Mich., said the enemy plane was "as close as I have ever seen a plane come in— it looked so close I figured I could almost jump right into the thing.” * f: TAMIL* LOOKS AT TlMiD SON S PHOTO—Tf.e family I had a date with a boy, and my of Pvt. Billy Miller, who had been captured by Germans in girl friend had a date with Billy. Italy, talked his 19 captors into surrendering and brought We walked to the drug store for a them in unaided, look at a picture of their “timid” son after ZU    hU exploit. Pictured a, Peon. IU they are first date ae just kept going to- (right) Mr. and Mrs. Roy Miller; Betty Kathryn (left) and tether.'    I    Marilyn Virginia (right). Allies Push Nearer To Nip Akyab Base NEW DELHI. Jan. II—t/P —Allied ground forces under Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten are continuing their advance along the coast of Burma toward the Japanese base of Akyab and now are in possession of Maungdaw, 55 miles to the northwest, it was announced today. Aided by RAF fighters and dive-bombers, the southeast Asia forces pushed ahead west of the Mayu mountains to capture a number of enemy strongpoints. “On the central part of the front, our troops made similar advances," the communique covering operations since Jan. 5 said. THE WEATHER t’.a. DEPARTMENT OI COMM PRI* a EA I HIK Bl RPAl Abilene and Vicinity: Meetly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday, rain and colder Wednesday EAST TEXAS Mostly Cloudy thla afternoon, tonight and Wednesday; Rain Wednesday and In east afd so atli portion* thla afternoon and tonight:    colder In extreme north portion tonight with lowest temperatures 24 to 2S degrees; colder In north portion Wednesday. WEST TEXAS: Meetly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday Slightly colder In Panhandle and South Plains tonight: lowest temperature 12 to IS In Panhandle, 18 to 24 in South Plains and 24 to 28 elsewhere, except above freezing in Pe! Rio Rag * Pass area. light snow in Panhandle and South Plains tXed'i.^day and In Panhandle late tori,; it Highest temperature yesterday; City office. airport, ST Lowest this morning <to T SO a rn.)t City office. 24; airport, 25 ft HPF KATI RPS Sunrise this morning j->* >»-i tonight .. .. Tue-Mon Mon-Sua A M Hour P M 32    38— I— 31    43 3*_ J— 5ft 4 a 34— 3— 36 48 34— 4— 56    49 33— S— 58 53 33— 8   55 5(4 32— T— 50    4 6 34— a— 47    42 31 _ #_ 43    40 37—lo— 40 38 48—11— 39 39 46—13— 36    38 .......a it ...........6.5* ;

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