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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 6, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BONO SCORE War Loan quot, MM Solet Ihit "OL. LXIK, NO. 203 TEXAS WITHOUT OK WITH OITC.VSE TO LWENDS KKTO A, YOUR WOfiLO EXACTLY AS IT MORNING NEWSPAPER ABILENE, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 6, 1944 -TWELvFpAGES Storm Ahead rrcss MfJ PRICE FIVE CENTS flTOKYO BOMBER IN PRISON David W. Jones, second from left, a member of General Doolittle's ail force that raided Tokyo early in 1912, is shown above in a prisoner of war camp in Germany. Major Jones sent the picture to his mother, Mrs. D. A. Jones, Charleston, Ore., she in turn sent it lo .Major Jones' wife in Winters, the firrnicr Aniia Maddo.v. Major Jones was shot down in North Africa late in 1942 and taken prisoner by the Germans. Sub Pompano Is Lost hi Japanese Waters Jan. 5 of the Submarine Pompano, which had operated in .the immediate vicinity of the Japanese coastline, was announced by the Navy today Following Navy did not -disclose where the Pompano, submarine, her '5ll ojRraicd in the Pacific" ahdi: her skipper. Commander Willis M. Thomas, Vallejo. Calif., was award- ed the Navy Cross and the Silver Slar for daring exploits against. trie Japanese. wss listed as missing. The eilalion accompanying- award of the Xavy Cross told of Ihe Pompano carrying out 'an aggressive and successful submarine war patrol in the jRmmediale vieinity of enemy Japanese coastline." The citation added llrat (he sub- marine on that particular patrc sank one Japanese destroyer, Japanese patrol vessel an E5BO tons of enemy merchant ship In a citation accompanyin nward of the Silver-Star, his suo- 'marine was credited with inflict- 'ins severe damage on an aircrait j tWrter. The Pompano, commissioned in 1937. carried a complement of ap- proximately 75 men. She Is Ihe seventeenth submar- ine reported lost since the war i Jrted and the 138th American war craft, listed as lost. McWhirter Trial ft Anson Monday C. McWhirler. about 50. of Roby will jo lo trial In Ihc 10411) Dis- trict court at Anson Monday on a' murder without malice charge for the Sept, 14 death of two- year-old Kenneth Leon Hariman. District Attorney Ssco Walter said lift night. was indicted by a county grans jury for ihc death of the Walter said evidence shotted that tlie car in the boy on thc street in thc oul- ftirls of Roby. "rhe case was tratwferrcd from Fisher lo Jones county on a charge Ox-en Thomas, 104lh District preside over thc trial. Abilene flier Awarded DFC First LI. B. L, McCoy Jr.. former Abilene Christian college track star, has been awarded the Dls- linguished Flying Cross "for cxlra- ordwary achievement" whire par- lidpaling in 5j> operational flight missions in the Southwest Pa- cific. Announcement of the award was made by Lt. Gen. George C, Ken- ney. commander of the Allied .Air Forces in Ihe Soulhwest Pp.. cific area from somewhere' i n McCOY New Guinea. Lieutenant McCoy came to Abi- lene from San Atigclo in September, IS38, and attended ACC three His mother, Mrs. B. L. McCoy, lives at 817 Merchant street. The operations, in which Lieu- tenant McCoy participated includ- ed escorting bombers attacking enemy insinllalioiiE. escorting trans- port planes Hying troops and sup- plies to forward areas. Interception r.nd attack missions against enemy bombers and Zeros, nnrj patrol and reconnaissance Mights. In thc course of these operations, thc South Pacific- nmiouiiccment said, straf- ing and bombins attacks were made from dangerously low altiludes. cie- slroymg and damaging enemy In- stallations and equipment. He is on duly with a fighter squadron in thc Fifth Air Force. Deficit Lessened AUSTIN, Jan. by large payments of 1943 state prop- erly taxes which will continue through 1 fund deficit to today, the lowest sinci June 1939. The deficit will continue lo de- cline this month and will begin ris- ing again later this year as the ra- tio of revenue to expenditure drops. Poland Bombs Pepper Shipyards at Kiel 95 Nazi Planes Downed, Targets In France Dosed LONDON, Thursday, Jan 6 S. heavy bombers and escorting fighters blasted 95 German planes out of the sky yesterday as they ranged across a record 800-mile front to strike the Kiel shipyards, airfields at Bordeaux and Tours in France, and indus- trial targets in western Ger- many. Duesseldorf was reported by a Berlin radio broadcast to have been among the bomb- ers' objectives. It was thc biggest day for U. S. Army air force gunners since the COL ROBERT GRAY NAMED 10 FOUR-STATE ODT POST Dec. 11 raid on Emden, when 138 Nazi, fighters were bagged. The wide-spread operation cost the at- tacking force' 25 heavy bombers and 12 escorting fighters. To reach their targets Ihe bomberj knifed through a strong defense which included roeket plants and .ME-110s tow- ing what appeared la new lypt anti-aircrafl bombs. Gunners on the Flying Fortresses and Liberators accounted for 62 of the German planes downed while Thunderbolt and Lightning pilots got 33 In the far-ranging opera- tion which in scope became, one of the great daylight assaults of the war. Claiming that German losses during the day's aerial battle's were "remarkably the German news agency DNB in a broadcast dispatch said "more than 50 Brit- ish-American planes, of which at least four-fifths were four-cngin- ed bombers, were destroyed 23 of them over France." The blows at the Kiel shipyards was the third on in three weeks The great Allied pre-lnvaslon aerial offensive apparently kept rolling around the clock as a pro- Sec BOMBINGS, Pg. 5. Col. 2 Ask French Troops Help Invade France WASHINGTON, Jan. 5 m-The ench ho'pe that any Allied land- ng In Prance will include French uniLs, Lt. Gen. Paul Etlenne Bcynet aid today, but the decision when and where to employ tYench forces uary of this year Ihe is ul) to "'e AIIictt hlSh commune .1 fund he new head of the French tnill- ary mission ssld liaison between and other Allied forces has well established, at thc ton nand level by the complete co- bctwcen Gen. might D. G Col, Robert Cray, Abilene, has been appointed civilian transporta- tion chieftain In a five-state area, wilh headquarters Jn Denver, the Off'" of Defense Traniportfition Washington1; Wedr.es- cp.ine same day colonel Cray arrived n Denver to take over his n ln the S SMfs Colorado, iaano, Montana ihd Wyo- Colonel Cray, long-time employe of the Texas and Pacific Company and supervisory pas- senger agent In Abilene at Ihe time called to duly In March, 1841, was relired in Dallas Get 1 when he .passed the statutory age In grade. He was then chief of transportation branch ol the 8tii service Command, Mrs. Cray plans lo continue mak- ing her home In Abilene for the presenl. Nazis Building COL. ROBERT CRAY MORE SUPPLIES GO BY AIR THAN OVER BURMA ROAD B.r PRESTON OR OVER AN AMERICAN AIR BASE IN NORTHEAST INDIA, Jan. 5 -J-P, Into freWrfg; ia'.1 much gasoline bombs and'fighlirig'maier- ials across f he. mountaliii by -four- en gujed .transports as ever passed over Ihe old. Burma road at'lU peak, li 'can be revealed today. For a year correspondents in 'In- dia were not allowed "to mention the operations "over the hump" for fear publicity. would provoke a Japanese- attempt to smash "the route, but there no longer is much fear of tliat. It still Is a hazardous undertak- ing, as I can attest nfler (he round-lrip three times, and the job is not very glamorous. Occasionally iht strike back and knock down a few or a plane glrej wav from the striin of flying heavy loads >i high altitudes and cots plunging into the jun- gle. Bui natives have develop- ed such an efficient rescue ser- vice that crews forced lo bail out over Burma have better than a 3 (o 1 chance of return- ing, (n November 92 percent were rescued. The Army transport command's development of the line from a shoe-siring to a great industrial project in a year and a half is a story of American initiative and familiar efficiency methods in- stalled by former officials of civi- lian airlines in the United States, who have doubled and tripled'the tonnage handled by the route. Credit for the improved prac- WTU Upheld by High Court on Franchise Efforts of the City of Balrd to force the West Texas Utilities com- pany to siirrcndcr its franchise tlierc were brought to an unsuccessful conclusion Wednesday Texas Supreme Court (ices goes lo such men as C R. Smith of Dallas, Tev, for- mer president of Ihe Americin 5 Wai heading the Arm) trans- command, re. cent visitor in Smilh stfd some 300 airlines officials have been into ihe Arc reaching from America to Iheiferj. FDR Asks New Rail Wage Rule WASHINGTON, Jan. 5 Non-operating railroad employes apparently won a new point today in (heir campaign for more pay as President Rcast-vcli their claims to an emergency board In language Ihnt seemed to limit the issue to that of overtime. The unions had contended that only this issue should be open to discussion; they had balked at re- opening a wage increase previously recommended for them. The White House announced that the case of the clerks, shopmen and others who do not ac- tually run trains, had been sent back to the board for consideration of. "payments for or in lieu of over- time." The statement at anolher point mentioned "unsettled claims for wage adjustments of the non-op- erating employes which were not presented" at. (he lime the board made a previous report recom- mending sliding scale increases in regular lime pay ranging from 4 lo 10 cents an hour. r.iling. a rehearing on when the refused to a previous utilities won the battle lo continue operation in liaird al] the way through the Thc dis- trict court in Callahan sustained It ind the court of civil lirmed thc decision. Tne supreme court recently affirmed the lower LUun. recently amnnca the owcr Eisenhower Gen. Charles dc Caulle court and Wednesday denied the Organization of a Citizens com- .fllcc lo promote payment of poll tax by even- qualified person in TA.vior county effected In a meeting yesterday afternoon. Recogniring thai Taylor county I'iually polls only about one-third M one-half Its potential strength. Frank Grimes, Abiienc chamber of commerce president, asked the pub- lic affairs committee to call a group of representatives of civic organlzallons to discuss the mat- Malcolm Meek was named chair- man and he appointed Roland Jones vice-chairman of Die citizens Pay-Your-Poll- Tax committee. Meek abo named Tom K. Wendell Bedichck publicity chair- man. Plans are to have thc campaign ready to get iiiider full steam next Monday with booths al the WAC shack. Third and Pine, at the forpnch post offices at or near each of the three colleges, in the banks and perhaps in some department stores. At each place receipt books will be kept and a person kept on duly who has been sworn In us a special deputy Thus poll lax payments may be made at any of there places Ir, addition to the rounly tax collector's office In tr.e k he would write last i j.. .n ne wo.ua write las and speakers' chairman and i night to persons in other communi ties of Ihe county asking tlie.-n to join in the campaign to have least 15.000 qualified in addition to those over and under age who may vote with exemption certificates. Tne Texs-s poll tax cosU JI.15 of which one dollar goes into the state school fund, 50 cents ir.io the state general fund and 23 cents Into Uie counties, general funds. Tt was brought out at thc meet- ing that In Ihe United States sen- ate election in 1942 Taylor and Nolan counties, with three times as much population as Eostland and Callahan coumtc.s cast only about 100 more votes than the two counties to the Poll taxes paid in Taylor county tn election years have nveragcd 8.200 in number, and In "olf years" 6.200. Taylor potential is 16.000 in addition to those exempt from paying the (ax. it was de- clared. Attending Ihe organization meet- ing of the citizens committee were Meek. Wiley Stephens. P. W. Camp- bell, C. W. 0111. Jor.es. Becilchek. Eplen, Dr. Walter n. Adams. O. p. Thrane, C. M. Caldwell. M. Jay, Jack Simmons, and ike W. Jay. Mrs; Jay, representing the Busi- ness end Professional Women's club, that organization would to provide personnel for oper- ation of the poll tax paying booth at Third and Pine if arrange- ments for ii4 Use can be made. Abilene Flier Only Survivor of Crash Ll. R. M. Phillips of Abilene was Ihe only survivor of an Army plane crasti near FJnnistollrn. according to a me.isage received by Mrs, Phillips. Nine other members of (he crew were killed the report said. Lieutenant Phillip.'; is In a hospital in northern Ireland re- cuperating from the injuries receiv- ed In Ihe crash. Account of Ihe accident, which occurred on Dec. 9, was forwarded to Mrs. Phillips, tlie former Ro- berta Ely of Snyder. by one of Ihc men on another plane making the same flight with the Abilcnian. Lieutenant Phillips li the son ol Mr. and Mrs. M. I. Phillips, 802 Sunset drive. In Italian Drive ALLIED HEADQUAR- TERS, Algiers, Jan. 5 German engineers are rush- ing to completion an Italian "Siegfried line" several miles deep and as powerful as simi Jar Nazi fortifications in west ern Europe, German prisoners reported today as headquar- ters disclosed that Lt. Gen Sir Oliver Leese, a tank ex- pert, had taken over comniant. of the British Eighth Army ir its drive up Italy's Adriatic coast. The Nazis were said lo he Install- ing their formidable new defense system-only a few miles from th present battle line, with Us strong est features located In the neigh- borhood of Cassino -opposite thc Fiflh Army and inland from PCS cara, Adriatic seaport which Cana dian forces are ncarlng. addition (o forging the new line, Ihe Nazis were rcport- de forminjt reserves of mobile defense unlls back of thc fight- >n line and lo be reinforcing Iheir troops at Ihe front with crack mountain regiments. An Allied officer said Ihe enemy appeared lo be preparing for a Irnij war of attrition op the Kalian leg. .troops celebrated nouncement of the appointment o Lt. Gen. Lccse .as the flew com- mander of the. Eighth by-storming and capturing "Point a strong- ly-defended hill about three miles from Ortona and overlooking the coastal highway to Pescara. The advar.ee was made after a hcavj artillery and mortar barrage had churned the height. The new coniiimnde'r of Britain's best known Army is a 43-year-old tiv-fooler who commanded a corps of the Eighth Army through the North African and Sicilian cam- paigns, anil Is second In popularity in that organization to Gen Sir Bernard L. Montgomery, whom he succeeds. Montgomery will di- rect British ground IroojK in Ihe invasion of Western Europe. Indian troops fighting a few miles inland from Adriatic were officially reported to have :.clvanc- cd several hundred yards under enemy machine-gun fire and seized a spur of n mountain rldgc south- west of San Tommaso. Fiflh Army Infniitry of U. Gen. Mark W. Clark advanced over a mile west of Venafro lo cajilurc a liclght In Ihc Samucro iMjc. aboul two miles nortlmcsl of Ihe village fo i'an Vitlorc. An Allied offi- cer said Ihe riflli army now held all heights overlooking San Viltorr, vMtli is six miles from Cassino on Ihe ni.iin Inland highway (o Home. While weather restricted air ac- tivity over the Italian front. Allied bombers ranged Into Bulgaria anil Yugoslavia to pound thc enemy's Balkan communications. Flying Fortresses escorted by Lightning fighters smashed railway yards and a bridge at Dupnltsa, 50 miles south of Sofia, Bulgarian capital, ami Mitchell Mediums hit mil yards and a station ac DoboJ. 55 miles north of Sarajevo in Yugoslavia. Liquor, Beer Vote_________________ At Coohoma Saturdayj Committee Namld Solons Assail War Renegotiation Plan WASHINGTON. Jan 5 _ __ Fo.ir senators contended loday thai changes propped by the Senate finance ctrnmlltec In the war con- tracts renegotiation law would give many war contractors a "free li- cense lo make exorbitant profits" ar.d would "Diced bitterness and re- scnlimcnt among the people." Senators 'AVhh 'U-Mass'. Con- nelly Lucas iD-Ill) and Lafollctle (P.og-Wisj made thc.'c m 3 minority reports on Die pending tax bill which embraced the proposed rene- gotiation srr.r r.dmeni.'-. Further Gain Made In War Over Pacific By UCONAKD MIIX1MAN Associated I'rcss War Editor Tank-led Marines have tak- en tho offensive against ha- rassing Japanese forces on New Britain while opposing air forces stepped up their at- tacks on each other's mid- Pacific bases in the Marshal) and Gilbert islands. Another Japanese cruiser was lilt at Kiivieng, New Ireland, den. Douglas MaeArtlrjr reported today, two days after lie had announced the probable sinking of iwo enemy cruisers and a destroyer nt the same point on the supply route between Ihe Japanese bastions of Truk and Rabsul. Dutch and Australian filers sank two cargo ships in the Dutch East Indies. In Ihc nild-racific battle for airfields, American bombers made three more raids on ene- my airdromes In the Southern Marshall Islands. Adm. Chester W. Nimlli announced al Pearl Harbor. The Japanese eountcr- (ic with four attacks on United Slates bases In (he Gilbert Is- lanrts. Two lilt n cargo transport at Jaiuit where 16 olner Japanese ships have been sunk or damaged iu -.JicUous raids. Its presence was further indication that the Imperial command is strengthening the Mar- shall defenses to meet an amphib- ious invasion. All three American bombings, made Monday and Tuesday, were directed against Jaiuit or Mill the most Irequpnt targets li the .Majshalls. Army rlive. bombers wtrt mfrt- lloncd by Mmlli for the first" Ifme. Indicating the forces arc prtjiarlnf lo Increase their softening up program. Heavy and medium bombers, and fighters, were also used. One fighter was shot doirn by anll- alrcrafl, tlic thirteenth United States plane lost in seven weeks over Iht Marshalls. The Japanese bombed Tarawa, Makln and in tlic Gil- berts Monday night. They returned the nest day for another attack on Tarawa. Mmltz said they caused no damage. Tuesday was Ihc Ihlrn suc- cessive day of the new year In which opposing air forces have raided each other's Centra! Pacific bases. Marines, who have killed Japanese since they landed on New Britain al Cape Gloucester, turned with tanks, guns nml planes on Japanese forces who have been per- sistently counterattacking their on Borgen bay. Japanese air and ground attacks were repulsed. On the northern coast, of nearby N'ctv Guinea American patrols push- ed further inland around their new- y seized airfield at Saldor while Tivc Japanese planes were shot down as Ihey attacked American shipping. In the harbor. On the Asiatic continent Chlna- wsed American Liberators bombed Northern Thailand wlille rmila- )ased fighters nit, a Japanese am- Berdichev And Sluch Line Fall MOSCOW, Thursday, Jan 6 (AP) The Red army was reported today to have taken the German Slucli river line. (The Sluch river presents a north-south line in that por- lion of its 30-mile course be- tween Polonnce and Novograd VoJynski. The river is east of both of these towns r.nd (he Russians already have an- nounced the capture of Novo- firad Volynski, across the nunition China. dump In Southwestern High Court Rules For Royalty Owner AUSTIN. Jnn. a courts nay review ell proration orders of he Ttxas Railroad Commission and them aside If Invalid but Ihe egkht.irc aulhorircs only the com- nlsslon to write such an order, the Mle .siiprenir court held today. The derision came In Hie Kill >f K. C. Marrs ami others altack- ng ttie foniinlttioii's proration or- ders lor the McF.iroy field, Crane nd Eclor counties, for March hro'.igh June. 1311. Royally owners in the flcid clalm- d the orders permitted oil lo be mined away from Ihclr properties A. Trails county district court truck Ihe commission orders, nit this decision was reversed by lie third court of civil appeals Milch said in part that lease rs had not properly developed their roperty. COAHOMA. Jan 5 election to determine whether li- quor and beer shall be sold in this precinct has been called by the commissioners court of Howard county for next Saturday. Bolh beer anrl hard liquor has been sold here foi several stars, nolh sides claim have a The election will not affect the Big Spring precinct which has been 'W.K'' for several years. MIDLAND. Jan. of Mayor J. Wood all Rodgcrs of Dallas, M. C. Ulrr.er of Midland president of the West Texas Cham- ber of Commerce, and Orady SWpp, mr.aager of Hie Longview chamber of commerce, as a committee lo se- lect five iiuiM.ir.ding young men of Texas, no: in war service, was an- nounced by Tajlor Cole, n Texas director of Hie United Stales Junior Chamber ol Commerce. 268 Survivors WASHINGTON. Jan. i The N.-uy announced today there ncre 26S suruvcrs of tlic t'scovt Carrier Ltfcombc Bay sank Nov- ember 24 during Use- Gilbert Island operations. The number of casual, lies nas rot dUctoscd. Regulars Join Tito CAIRO, Jan. 5 A number of regular Yugoslav officers and en listed jr.rn have formed the nuc- leus of a movement to join the rival army of Marshal Josip Broz (Tltot fighting the Germans In their homeland, it WES learr.eu to- day. A dispatcli to the Moscow News said the troops which took this line had penetrated deep into the Polcsian pro- vince (of pre-war Poland) in the direction of' Sarny, 35 miles inside the former fron- tier. The Moscow News reported (lie front had rolled more than 90 miles west of Ra- domysl, starling point of the Red offensive. (A 90-mile advance due west from Radomysl would put the Russians across the pre-war Polish border at Kor- zec.) LONDON, Jan. e Wr- The. Russian first Ukrainian a.rmy yesterday captured the rail My-jiinctioti-of-Berdichev, pivotal bulwark of the German line pro--: tccling Poland and Rumania, after five (toys' fighting. Premier Marshal Joseph Stalin nrmoujiced a spe- cial order of the day. Berdichev, 25 miles south of Zliltomfr. Is Hie former headquar- lers of German Held Marshal Oeh. Fritz Von Mnnnsteln. Its capture Increased the communication links between ihc Russian westward drive into pre-war Poland and Poland and soulhwestwnrd ctriva toward the Rumanian frontier. Stalin's announcement after a delay of more than an Kour In the broadcast of (ho regular Moscow iiitlieallng (lie capture was completed x time before the announcement was mailr. Tlic Germans rariier liar! admit- ted evacuating the eastern portion of the manufacturing town which. Md ft pre-war population of 51- 000. It is on the trunk east-west railway from Kowcl In Poland lo Kfizntln and connccls with tho Kiev-Vinnitsa railway 45 mlles north of Vinnitsa. The capture gave the Russians of the lateral rn.lway Iron Ehlto- mir to Kazalln in the south, where nn importune Russian force was poundiiifr toward Unmania in Iiop- es of cutting olf the Germans re- maining in the entire Dnieper bend irca. than 60 oilier towns and lamlcts were captured by Gen, Nikolai Vatulir.'s Ukrainian forces during (lie day said the delayed, Moscow communique, To (he norlh In White ivhrrc the Husslans were arl- vancinf alonf Ihc railroad to- ward Xovosokolniki. more than 90 more (owns were captured, Moscow dbpatches said Ihe wes'.- ern from of Vatutin's attack which eroded the pre-War Polish border Tuesday hart penetrated deep 1n- lej Polcsic In the direction of Sumy. Sarny Is 35 miles wes( of the for- mer frontier. is the largest country of pre-'.var Poland. Mtanvhile. Berlin announced an Important new Soviel drive In the Stc RUSSIAN'S, PH. 5, Col. f IHE WF AIHFR v. s. ni.rniTMi.M 01- m nr.sr ABIM.M: AMI VlUMTt: GtRrrill; fair pArtiy efcifldy Unit 1 orally Tkort. rt.v patiT thujy I rl.tn. tttm-rr FrtiUy Anrf In nnrlhnril n> nm? Krida, nrfr rl- Rt.s VM IIDI R Hrd. C IT.. 47.. 1C.. lit.. !9 _ in.. :s 16.. W 35 M SI.. M 13 M .11 60 .11 II 4.1 tl CO IS and 21. llifh Inn- lonlfkli
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