Abilene Reporter News, March 4, 1942

Abilene Reporter News

March 04, 1942

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Issue date: Wednesday, March 4, 1942

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Next edition: Thursday, March 5, 1942

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 4, 1942, Abilene, Texas I PEARL HARBOR! FIRS] IN WEST TEXAS Abilene Reporter- I 'nr-i I rf v I n VOL. LXI, NO. 257. A TBCAS 7-HoaT. OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLDEXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 4, 1942 -TWELVE PAGES REMEMHER PEAHL HARBORI MORNING ron. NEWSPAPH Japs Lose Ground in Java Fight By WITT HANCOCK BANDOENG, Java, Wednuday, March Dutch and their allies have driven infiltrating invaders back seven miles In an Important sector. H was dis- closed today, and arc beating for- ward In a supreme counter-offen- sive aimed at casing every one of the enemy into the sea. The pusii, location of wlilcli was undisclosed, followed a three-day stand during which the allies had yielded no ground since the Japan- ese invaslun began. Allied bombers and warships like- wise were In heavy fiction against Ihe enemy's ships and sea lanes. WELL IN HANK An upward turn in the fortunes of allied forces afield already had fci'en Indicated by the declaration toward midnight of an authorized fpokesmaii "It can be stated without reserva- tion thai (he situation renuiins well in hand on all fronts." (This degree of optimism was not shared in London. Here Dr. W. G. Pcekcma of (he Netherlands colon- ial ministry announced that the N. E. f. government had been mov- ed from Batavia to Bandoeng and declared his opinion thai Java could not hold out much longer un- less reinforcements, particularly aircraft, arrived. Allied military informants in Txmdon also expressed the belief that a Dutch withdrawal under overwhelming enemy force might foot] be to the Bandoeng plateau for defense comparable to General MacAr- thur's prolonged resistance In the Philippines.) Great and violent air action was proceeding. American. British and Dutch bombers were hlitinj- at the Japanese invasion forces H Java waters and at nearby air bases, white'the Japanese were centering their force upon Bandoeng military headquarters In a heavy raid of one and a half hours by bombers ;md fighter craft. Sixty enemy planes were observed at one time. Anti-aircraft batteries and out- numbered allied fighter pilots were unable to break up the enemy for- mations. One enemy plane was shot down. There was another alert in the afternoon. During tile morning raid, yume gasoline and oxygen tanks were destroyed In the Bandoeng urea. Casualties were few. Striking at Japanese air presumably on air forces machine-gunned and put out o( action ten Japanese navy "zero" lighters which were about to take off. The pilots were killed Western Australia Attacked by Planes MELBOURNE. Australia, March planes attacked airdromes and grounded planes at Wyndham and Broomc in conti- nental western Australia today, causing some damage and empha- sizing the invasion threat against whirh this commonwealth Is has- tening its defense. Snow in Pittsburgh PITTSBURGH, March Pittsburgh was buried by the worst snowstorm in its history to- day, an 18-Inch fall which was blamed for four deaths, paralyzed traffic and hampered production of many steel mills and other factor- ies busy with national defense work. Officers lo Become Scarce: They'll Be Saluted Everywhere More and more this war Is get- ling to be like the 1911-18 argument Uncle Sam had with Kaiser Bill. Latest similarity is that of army regulations governing the salute. Any enlisted man of World War I days can tell of being figuratively chewed upon for failure to salute some officer, in most Instances a ".second looey." Enlisted men of those days were required to salute any commis- sioned officer regardless of when ar.d where the two met-on an army past, on downtown streets or country lanes. During the present war and the national emergency defense prn- pram that preceded it the salute has bfcn required only on a mili- tary post, reservation' or training center. Now the war department has or- dered the salute regardless of time or place an enlisted man meets an ofiicer or a junior olflccr meets a superior officer. Which probably will result In fewer and fewer officers appearing on downtown Abilene streets. It may be a little trouble for an cn- Hstcd msn lo salute but what of the must return all sa- (Hivi PRICK FIVE CENTS WAR Views Navy Reports Shooting Down 16 Heavy Bombers i in By KIHKE SIMPSON Wide World Analyst Even before the bailie of Java comes to Us crisis, there is evi- dence that Tokyo is Increasingly concerned over possible vulnerabil- _. lly ot Japanese communication lines through the south China sea. Given Anieri- can naval mid air power lo strike now at either ot two bottlenecks there, a crlp- llng blow to the whole Nippon- ese conquest scheme could be driven home. Either the northern entrance to the south China sea above Luzon, or the southern approach from the Paci- fic south of Mindanao exposes the whole Japanese effort against Bur- ma, Java or Australia to a flank attack by sea. Nor can Tokyo be unaware of intensifying pressure'in tills coun- try as well as from putch authori- ties for some bold and aggressive American move In the Pacific theater to relieve pressure in the south. The time for that still may be distant. There Is little in cither the letter from General Marshall, chief of staff, to Senator or Ihe rfmuKanecus statement by Admiral United States fleet commander, (o suggest early Amer- ican major offensive action. There can be little- doubt in Tok- yo that when the ships and planes are available, the China sea gale- ways from Ihc Pacific offer the most alluring chances of quick, breaching of the Japanese conquest front. North of Luzon, and now proba- bly supplemented by NippoiK-je air and submarine bases along the north and northeast coasts of that island, a formidable ring of Japa- nese sea outposts reaching deep into the Pacific eastward and southward guards that China sea approach. Similar protection for the southern approach, south of Mindanao via the Celebes sea and the Sulu archipelago, is not yet as great. General MacArthur reports fresh Japanese incursions on Mindanao. The Japs already are planted at Davao on the southeastern extrem- ity of that island. Zamboanga. at the southwest lip. has now been seized. At least two o'.her Philip- pine ports have been bombarded from the sea, suggesting further landings: but neither was named. Presumably they are in the south- ern area and mean establishment of other new enemy bases to guard the southern flank of Japanese Chins sea-Java sea communication lines. This is probably the main Japa- nese objective in expanding the Philippine invasion, n also tends to acid, however, to Australian in- vasion fears, coupled as it was with far-spreading air attack on northern air fields In Australia. That may be a war-of-ncrves ef- fort, primarily designed to hamper Australian help fcr Java as well as the movement of American rein- forcements to the Dutch Indies ci- tadel via Australian waters. That the new move in the Phi- lippines is of great strategic Impor- tance In Japanese eyes is certain. MacArthnr has been bypassed to achieve It. Air power and naval and merchant shipping which could be ill spared from the effort to capture Java was assigned, to the Mindanao operations. It is a recognition of the poiential danger lo the whole Japanese conquest concept which the Pacific gateways to the China sea must always represent. Attack at Sea; Lone Fighter Pilot Accounts for Six sought for rcappointmcnt. SCHOOL CARRY 1028-36 City Plans to Call Part of Federal Fund Abilene voters signalled cinphat- ically Tuesday to go ahead on the I school expansion program.! DESTROYKR navy announced that the U. S. destroyer Jacob Jones (above) was stink by an enemy submarine off Cape May, N. Feb. 28, and that only 11 of her C.rpw stll-vivprl Soviets Blast Nazi Airport MOSCOW. March patche; from the front told-tonlght how Soviet artillery blasted a Ger- man airport in the Staraya Russa region where the tfith German inny continued its refusal to sur- render despiie a slow tightening of ihe Russian encirclement. The Soviet shells caused lotiil ex- plosions and big fires on the Gcr- iian of many the Germans arc using in attempt to c'eliver supplies by air to the' be- 'eaguered army. RING FIGHTING Some of these German supply With Loss of Possibly 134 DESTROYER SUNK OFF NEW JERSEY WASHINGTON. March first United Stales warship ever torpedoed and sunk by an enemy submarine in home waters went down off Cape May, N. J.. in the pre-dawn darkness lust Saturday after two que which tersely explained the main points of what was known of the attack: "xxx Prior to receiving the first torpedo hit. the enemy sub not sighted nor was the- tor- Army Would Renew Lapsed Commissions SAN' ANTONIO. Mar. .1- Eighth corps area headquarters an- nounced today that all former of- ficers of field artillery of the nat- ional guard and officers of the re- serve corps whose commissions were terminated under honorable con- WASHINGTON. March ditions after Dec. 31. 1931. and who Nine years ago tomorrow Franklin are physically qualified, are being D. Roosevelt was first inaugurated admitted, but as "icmy the rin-' threatening 'tlie German I by 'he irmy was gradually being reduced. ?tlda-v a nmimum- The anny newspaper Red Star tulrt how new Soviet troops were roving into battle and urged them lo follow the proven Russian theory of close cooperation with the ar- tillery. The paper warned that the Ger- mans are bringing up more tanks and fighting stubbomly. Tlie new .roops were said to be under the command of officers and commis- sars already experienced in fight- ing the Germans. From the western front came re- ports of fierce day and night bat- tles with the holding on and trying to launch counter-at- tacks. These attacks, it was said, failed. Iltil anny parachutists in a new and sptclacular foray far behind German lines pounced on an occupied town, killed scores of mils and seiTed vast quantities of hooly, a war- front dispatch reported. After shooting up this town and scattering the German garrison which had been there three months, the parachutists then wrecked tele- phone and telegraph lines and rail- road rolling stock. hull shattering ex-plosions. The vessel was the old World war destroyer Jacob Jones, and of her crew, which may have totaled as many as 145 officers and men, all were killed except nine workers in the engine rooms and two apprentice seamen. Loss of the 1.200-ton ship, ninth naval craft nf the war officially Nine-Year President president of the United Slates. TANKER LOSSES MAY CAUSE NATIONWIDE GAS RATIONING NEW YORK, March oil supplies on the eastern seaboard have bPen reduced s-o sharply by tanker shortage and torprdoings, oil :ncn said today, that gasoline ra- tioning even on a national scale may be necessary within a few days. Members of the industry said, jasoline rationing might be needed (o al.'ow- tankers and tank cars to concentrate on building up supplies of fuel oil in the east coast area from Georgia to Maine. While gasoline stocks on the east- ern seaboard were below those of this period last year their decrease was far lew Own that in stocks of fuel oil whleh for weeks have been growing steadily smaller. Eastern home owners already have been rationed by companies fupplyins theii with fuel oil. with each purchaser allowed no rc-fil.'s until his furnace tankjs four-fifths emply and r.onc (riven more than IS pfrrent of capacity. Explaining (hat one tanker can carry about as much oil as 200 tank cars and that 95 percent of all oil Ihe eastern atea in times was moved by ship. brought ordinary one oil man said: "Many (ankers have- been diverted to war use anrl at least 15 others have been torpedoed. 1 would no: be surprised lo see rationing go In- to effect within 43 hours. "H might be even necessary to make the rationing nationwide so that tank cars could concentrate on fuel oil to the eastern rationing might not be area. 'Such necary after mld-Apri, when the Oerre-y is warmer and homc-hcal- ms becomes necessary and new Wnkers may be put into pedo. "The first torpedo blew up the bow and apparently killed all the personnel on the bridge as well as (he men sleeping in ihe forward compartments. SECOND BLOWS UP STKRM "The second torpedo, which was fired after the submarine circled ahead of the Jacob Jones, blew up the stein and all the depth charges." The initial blast, it was surmis- ed here, cosl the lives of the cap- tain. Went. Comdr. Hugh David Black, of Orariell. Is'. J.. nnrt nf most if not all the olher officers, whom the navy did not Identify. The second undoubtedly blew Ihe entire aflerpart of Ihe .ship lo ptccc-s so that the wreck quickly went under. The exact number of casualties was not announced nor was the tolal of those on board when Ihe attack started given out. But since the normal complement of thf ship was at least 12.i and usually 145 officers and men. there was no question that many more than 100 had lost their lives making this (he most costly sin- Coleman Plane Crash Kills Two COLEMAN. March instructor and a cadet of the Cole- man Flying school were killed when their plane Rent into a spin and crashed on the Walter Fry place, miles so-.ith of Abilene. about 11 today. Instructor Fred Halbcrt. 31. for- I ineriy o Harlingen. and C; idet Standley M. Howe, 25. Havana, ill.. instantly when Uic Fairchlld PT19A which they were making a routine flight went Into a spin at a tow altitude and crashed into the rugged pasture In the Red Bank- community. TJie engine of the slilp was al- most buried and the airplane was almost demolished by the fall Bodies of both men were badlv crushed. Mrs. W. H. Kemp saw the plane fall and sen' Coleman to report to George Robcy. who called sent her son. Louin, to ortichl; Sheriff the j school. In a few minutes the sheriff pie ship reported in ihe war so far except for the toll taken by the Japanese raiders at Pearl Harbor. The suivivors were listed as- Joseph Paul Tidwcll. 22. Tmca- loosa. Ala. Thomas Ryan Moodv. 22, Frank- lin. Ky. Louis Hollcnbeck. 26, Albion. N. Set DKSTUOVKR, TIT. 11, Col. S crash wagon were at Ihe accident scene. Halberl had been flying for 10 years. He had been stationed here and at. Stamford the past four monlh.v Like another instructor who was killed in a spin here last August, he was engaged to be mar- ried. Howe was a member of class Ci-JI. whirh reported to the local primary flying school last week. arrangements are In- West Texos Fair Dates to Be Set Bates of the West Texas fair will be set tonight in a Keeling of the fair diteclor.s. who will consider also a contract tentatively arranger! with a carnival for next falls exposition. The meeting will be held at the chamber o! commerce b'liid- ing. The carnival with which prelim- inary arrangement have been made, said Fair Manager Grovcr Nelson, i. the Deckman-Gerrely shows. It Is one of the Amalgamated shows of America, the four larxeM carnivals on the road. Beckman- v Texas, playing Oklahoma City. Lubbock. Abilene, and Shrtvcport ill order u; complete, and bodies of both men general staff, was are being hcM al the Pioneer Fn- hb- automobile today ir'l'ih neral home awaiting from (heir re-lathes. By the lop-sided vole of to 3S--a ratio of 28.5 to au- thorized issuance of in school bonds in order to receive grant of from Hie Defense Public Works administration for constructing anil equipping two jihiior high on the north side and one on Ihc south a four-room addition to the negro school. DPW already had given approval lo the expansion pio- gram. requiring only that the mu- nicipality supplement its Brant with In funds lo be raiser! through "bond issue. Tues- day's vote enabled Ihe city to meet that requirement. City and school officials Indicat- ed last night, after the vote was (allied, that one of the firs', steps to be taken In getting construc- tion started will be to requisition one-fourth of the grant from DPW. That Is permissible under DPW regulations. HEAVIEST Heaviest and heaviest margin for (he bond Issue was registered at the Shclton Webb Motor compam' bo.v. Three hun- dred fifty th there, n-lth o bond issue. Tlie count at other boxes, as rc- K. Btirlim, 31, in the San I'riinciscii city prison tif t e r liis nrrcsl along ciilistci! personnel in n drive by the navy (n half cureless blabbing in bnrrnuim itnrl olbcr public places. Rear Admiral ,1. Grccnsladc, commandant o I the 121 h Naval district, said final !fiirton, U. S. Air Ruse civil 'Jan. employe, had been Inlk in detail about ship move- ments. British Fliers Strike Paris VICHY. Unoccupied Fiance, Mar British planes bombed air- dromes and factories in suburban nv BOY. Three him- f for and irec votes were cast I cre "rtclini'i among the civ- inly five against the a terse communi- que said. ported lo City Secretary Lila Fern Martin: Fair park. 2M tar. Jl against. Cedar street. 127 for. 3 aealnst. Courthouse. 81 for, 5 against. Butternut, 208 for. 12 against. Total vote cast was 1.004. With only 36 votes in Hie negative col- umn, margin for the bonds was 902. W. E. Jarrctt, chairman of the board of trusiecs. asserted last night that he was "mighty well pleased" with results of the elec- tion. "f had hoped for a little larger vole, but Inasmuch as there was little opposition. I many dirt not vote who would have done so if Ihe Issue hart been closely con- tested." he continued. "Additions to the, city school sys- tem arc much needed, as Abllen- lam have Indicated by their voles they rcalire. to relieve the crowded conditions existing In classrooms al the present time. 1 now we can get the hall rolling on the ex- nansion nropram." BIDS C'ALl.I'.n First step in (he cnmlrucfinn program will be opening of bids by the board of commissioners Friday afternoon on a four-rnnm addition fa ttie negro school. Bids received Jan. I? were rejected recently by commiss.'niicrs when Frcrl Gart.sidc. low bidder, piofcsscd inability In acree (o a second 30-day extension of his offer. Among next steps city ami school indicated they will lake lo requisition DPW for Authorllics n-oiiM not permit the naming of the suburbs bombed or extent ol HID damage. The first bombs were said to have slartcil falling at 10 p. m.. Paris lime This wns the first announced txvnblng of Paris since the prc- armislicc German raids on June 3, 1310, which caused more Ulan 1.000 casualties. inclttdim; 254 dead. ill is known, however, that Brit iifi raiders liavc marie occasional bombing attacks on military air- fields in the Paris area since Ihe Germans look over the city. Be- fore Hie French surrender the cap- ital was declared an open, unrte- city anrt thus escaped vir- tually undamaged after June 3, 19-iO's "token bomblnb." iTiic Gciman commandeered plants lu die area have been the .source of vast supplies (or Adolf Hitler's war machine, and all were turned over lo the nazis vir- tually intact.) Raid Reported on -.nrf u uir nigas. on wnirji options and the schools ambulance and alieady have been taken, and an- parl of Ihr grant, approve si'.cs for Uir junior highs, on which options Renault Works LONDON', Wednesday, UV--TIIC RAF raided the Renault works nt Drillmicotirt, southwest of Paris, last nisht. i; was announced amhorilativcly today. The an- nouncement added that the Ren- ault works "Imc become the out- stanning .symbol of collaboration with Germany." The Renault works is a large es- t.iblHuiient on the bend of the Seine on the ouIskirtM of raris. t plans ami tlie buiUlmiss. Bids after the bier slrp The announcement said: i Renault is a household word in lion., for Prallrc allri Rcnault k be railed bffo.nc ,hp 5Vmbo, or j oerm.nv that work on Ilic j-.mior hlchswil! be started "within three or four w-crks." Officer Suicides MEXICO CITY. March Maj. Misuel Siliccn B'poncla. chief of communications for the army instructions wound in the head and police it was suicide. a bullet said gaged in maklne and rcp'airhie of transport tanks and air engines for Germany.1' Contract Let on Midland Utilities WASHINGTON, March Works agency today award- id n continci to the Glade Construction company. Wichita I'.-OK Tr.ias. for utilities at the Midland. Texas hcv.mnB project. Poets for Development UNITED NATIONS TO GET BRAZIL'S RESOURCES WASHINGTON. Mar. 3- The Unitrri Stales, manufacturing arsenal of democracy, and Brazil, world's Jarge.st storehouse of .strat- egic materials, signed today n mul- ti-million dollar series 01 agree- ments designed to develop the tre- mendous resources of the South American country for the use of the United Nations. Simultaneously the United Stales expanded lend-lwc aid to Bra- 711 so It can strengthen iu de- frnsrs. of iilrrise.s by Amcr- Inr.s Viciovh-MmM railsav llf thjlt Hir-v lean republics that Ihey would mo- bilize their economic resources for the ftRlit against the axis. The agreements provided for: A credit of {100.000.000 so Brazil can develop her natural resources. Including such war-vital materials as iron, rubber, magnrsite and bauxite. Establishment of a S5.C-00.000 rub- ber rescne com; raw rubber produ lug np of iron mines in the lub- ira region, where some of the rich- est iron ore deposits in the world are located, and improvement of ore-loading facilities r.t the port of Victoria. The export-import bank agreed to lend Brazil up to {H 000.000 for this project. Expanded lend-Iease aid to Bia- company to dcvcloplz.il. which signed a J100000000 luction in the agreement last fall.. Aciion Scene Along Route Io Australia WASHINGTON'. March thrilling account of an attack by 18 Japanese heavy bombers on united States aircraft carrier and oilier warships in which Of the ei'.emy planes were shot by a sJnsie, rioiighly fighting piano Piio: from the told by the navy tonight. A lieutenant junior trade; Kdiurri H. O'lfare of Sf. Louis, "as tlie hero who took the heavy toll. The older 10 bomb- ers iv ere accounted for by other fifhllnj planes from the car- rier, tno of which were lost, and by .tnli-afrcraft fire from the warships. The carrier itself and Ihe other and destroyers suffered not a The brilliant action occurred "In (he course of recent naval opera- tions west of the Gilbert a navy communique related, carrier and Ihe undisclosed number of cruisers and destroyers of thu Pacific fleet were operating is task force at the time. CONVOYING? The location lies along the main supply route from the United States to New Zealand and Austra- lia. Whether the task force was convoying transports to the west- ern Pacific fighting theater or whether it was a force which par- ticipated in the foray on the Gilbert and Marshall Islands Jan. 31, when Japsne.se land bases and 16 enemy ships were destroyed, was not dis- closed. The fleet units which raided Marshall and Gilbert Islands pre- sumably operated out of Pearl Har- bor. 2.000 miles away to Ihe north- east. The fact that Ihe action re- ported tonight took place west ot the the Australian in- stead of the Hawaiian side-ap- peared to indicate that the shipi were on n different mission. The. Gilbert Wands, mandated to Great Britain but seized by tin Japanese, are approximately mid- way between Pearl Harbor and Aus- tralia and southeast of the Japan- ese-Mandated Cnro'.lne Islands. Ths attacking bombers may have op- erated from bases in the Carolines. Adroit dodging by the aircraft carrier helped baffle the attacking Japanese bombers, which operated In two waves of nine each. CRASH I.ANniN'G FAILS "Onlv three enemy planes of ths first formation reached (heir bomb release point over the aircraft car- rier wulcn avoided all bomb hita by split-second th9 navy related. "Die leading bomber of this group attempted a crash landing on the carrier and was shot by heavy close-range anti-aircraft tiro when barely 100 yards from its ob- jective." In the second attack, the navy continued, only five enemy bomberj i readied the bomb release point. In Ihe two attacks two American fieht- cr planes were lost. The pilot of ona was recovered. Tlic communique said that de- spite the severity of the Japanese attack there was no damage to tha American surface forces. The attacks, the raw continued, occurred late in the afternoon and were timed about one-half hour apart. O'Hare's Feat a Record for War WASHINGTON. March By shooting down six Japar.csa bombers, IJcut. Edward H. O'Hare became an ace In exciting aft- ernoon. it was recalled tonight that dur- inr the first world war. when s. man shot down five enemy planes See SEA FIGHT, Tf. 12, Col. 4 The Weather iu> mil R the ;