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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - November 24, 1938, Abilene, Texas IWESTJEXAS' MEWSMPER VOL. LVIII, NO. 177. gtoflene Reporter- "WITHOUT, OR WITH OFPENSE TO FRIENDS OR WE YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, MORNING, NOVEMBER 24, PAGES. PRICE FIVE CENTS Shantytown Dwellers Await Thanksgiving With Hopes Day Will Bring Enough Food For Sustenance By RAY DAVIDSON Down east ol the southsldt "negrgtown" a hundred (amHits huddled In windswept shacks nd Ira Her houses last night, waiting for Thanksgiving niorn- In shantyloivu H was colder thin In other parts of Abilene, because the wltid through inch-wide cracks Into hovtts oc- cupied by 1he destitute white folks who live down by Ihe tracks. To the passerby at Third and China streets early last night, Hie Inadequacy of shanfytown housing was obvious, for many of the sharks showed yellow stripes of Hglit as wide as two fingers between every board, Tow-sacks nailed across north waits sometimes helped a little. Many of (he crude shelters were without windows, and many others lacked panes In the holes called windows. PUIows are good to stop the wind from blowing through holes, but pil- lows 'are precious few, and sacking and rags art more com- monly used, The trallor houses that were clumped together In the area were mostly constructed of can- over wooden frameworks, They loomed dim-yellow in the night as rajrs from kerosene lamps pierced the duck-cloth walls. Shadows moving back and' forth across the cracks of light nere human beings, hunch- ed close to makeshift stoves and wished tlie north wind would never blow. By eight o'clock the lights began (o bIJnk out. One can't afford to sit up all hours of the night and burn wood, it he lives In shanty (own, Going to bfd was accom- plished In a fashion not gener- ally followed In other economic strata. There, was little bedding, so the natural warmth of human bodies was at a premium. With their day clothes on, the people bedded-down In family RAGING OUT OF CONTR'OL IN FORESTS, CANYONS- California Fires Wreak Havoc Palatial Hones Of Movie Stars Are Destroyed With Victim's Face Like Thar 'In A STUDY PRE-DEATH PHOTO FORCWE1N 'HELPING-HAND SUICIDE' WHITE PLAINS, N. Y., Nov. 23. hunted tonight for clues in a "face-ln-a-dream" photograph of Eugene Y. Burck- halter. 47. snapped Just before he went to his supposed suicidal death In a home-made lethal chamber his widow says she helped him sst "P. The picture of the chemical firm executive was taken by Mrs. r.arle Burckhaller, 41, ns hi} stood near the garage at their Hastlngs-on- Hudson home where he was found riead from carbon monoxide fumes later. "When we developed Ihe said Assistant District Attorney Elberl T. Gallagher, show- ed Hurckhalter standing hat in hand, leaning on a cane, near the garage.. "Ills face appeared ly blank, without a single emo- tion, like a face In a dream." Gallagher said Mrs. Burckhalter, who Is held In bail on a first degree manslaughter charge, explained she took the farewell photo "because I only had one more picture left on the film, and I wanted to me It up." He said Mrs. Burckhalter admit- ted that as she took Ihe photo- graph, she knew the garage had been transformed Into an tion chamber" and that It was the last time she would see her hus- band alive. Gallagher said Buckhalter's expression in the photograph gave no Indication that he ex- pected death imminently. The slight, bespectacled house- wife, emerging haggard but un- shaken from the questioning, staunchly insisted that her hus- band took his own life, though saying she helped him prepare the paraphernalia of death; assisted him to attach cleaner hose to the automobile exhaust pipe; helped him caulk the open rear window of the car with news- papers; even handed him a brandy eggr.og to bolster his flagging courage, and twitted him as "not having the nerve to go through with It." HOLDING AREA IN GRIP- Freeze Drives Deep Into Texas HERO OF MORRO CASTLE ON TRIAL fnrpracf 11 Minimum Here George w. Rogers ra- dio hero of the Morko Castle disaster. Is shown as he went on Irial at Jersey City, N. J. He was accused of attempting lo kill U. V. J. Doyle his superior In the Bayonne, N. J., police radio bureau with a homemade bomb wrapped In a paper box. Doyle lost three fin- gers and suffered a fractured leg In 'the explosion. (Associated Press Black Awarded Welfare Medal Justice Urges Governments To Give 'First Importance' To 'Human Beings' Ala-.Nov. Hugo L. Black urged that governments give "first Importance to promoting the welfare and hap- piness of human beings" tonight In accepting tne Thomas Jefferson medal of the Southern Conference for Human Welfare. The Alabama member of the su- preme court was given the medal as "the Southerner who has done most to promote human welfare." His 20-mlnute address was his first public utterance In his home state since his appointment to the bench last year. The justice opened by quoting Jefferson's formula of good govern- Arrange Parley In Yards Strike CHICAGO. N'ov. ernment conciliators announced to- night that representatives of the CIO and (ho union stock yards company had agreed to confer Saturday inorning In an effort to end a strike of livestock handlers lhat has msprndcd trade at Chi- cajo's stock Robert Mythcn said he and W. H. Rodgers. conciliators for the de- partment of labor, arranged Ihe meeting. Both the CIO rucking house workers organizing commiltee and the yards management the status quo of paralzed trade to be continued until Saturday. Gen- era! Manager O. T. Henkle of the stockyards said the Friday after Thanksgiving normally was a dull day In the stock yards, with no shipments expected at all this time. The CIO union has demar.-led a basic wage, vacations with pay, overtime pay a written tract. justice to all and special privileges to quoted at length from the writings and sayings of Jefferson through- out his address. Condemnation ol the South's "Jim crow" laws was voted by the conference at it-i concluding business session, which the Black addrm. A resolution providing no future conversions of Ihe group will be held In cities with segre- gation ordinances was adopted 2[ the final business meeting. The segregation resolution ex- pressed disapproval of the action of Birmingham city officials In rigidly enforcing separation yr- dinancfs. Gov. Bibb Graves of Alabama said he was "surprised and shocked by the resolutions passed" here. Extradition Waived On Bigamy Charges ALHAMBRA, Calif.. Nov. Chief A. F. Cherry said to- day that George Duckett, El Paso Tex., salesman, formerly of Abi Ifne, had agreed to waive extradl lion and return lo face bigam; charges at Alpine, Tex. Cherry said Duckett's first wife who arrived yesterday from El Past had declare! she would stand b him and wanted to accompany him back to Alpine. Bolh Sheriff Elrnc Taylor of Brewster county. Tcxa; and Chief of Police Campbell o Alpine have telegraphed that the: will come here for Durkett, Cherr said. Labor Law Parley WASHINGTON, Secretary Perkins Nov. 23.- announced night she would call a conference o business men-employers soon to dis Improvement of state labo: law. Service Stations Do Heavy Trade In Anti-Freeres Sub-freezing; weather held Abilene in its grip last night and moved southeastward across Texas. BRACES The Panhandle prepared for 10- cfegrec temperatures, coldest In two In Abilene the thermometer was dipping toward the 20-mark. and It was expected that early morning temperatures of Thursday would rival last winter's minimum. Lowest recorded In Abilene Wed- lesday was 22 degrees, at which point the mercury stood at six and seven o'clock. Forecast for Wed- nesday night was for 20-22 degree readings, with continued cold and fair weather for Thanksgiving. Range of temperatures during Wednesday ranged from the low of 22 to a high of 38 at 4 p. m., and xxJays readings were expected to be similar. Lowest temperature recorded last winter was 17 degrees, occurring on January 31. Freezing weather was forecast night as far south as Austin Ban Antonio, Houston and the south portion of East Texas. LITTLE DAMAGE HERE Little if any crop and livestock damage was reported In Ihe Abi- lene area, and even the Panhandle escaped Injury. In some sections however, farmers feared damage tc young wheat and oats. In Abilene, RS elsewhere, service stations did a heavy trade in radi ator antt-freeze liquids, but few damaged motors or radiators wer See WEATHER, Tf. 5, Col. 5 Ihe Weather. Weather 'Right' For Walk Alter Turkey Dinner CHICAGO, Nov. The weather will be "just right" for a brisk walk after that heavy Thanksgiving dinner. U. S. Forecaster C. A. Donnel Predicted today that "clear and weather-will prevail to- morrow over almost the entire nation. "It wlll.be just right for a brisk walk after a heavy meal." Donnel said, "if you can get up the ambition to do it." ARU.ENF AND vrCIXITV: and fold Thursday; yrttjaj- and nol qalle cofd. ARKANSAS. and UKST TKXAS: rtnllnufd cnM Tho..- I. Hm'R I'. il MldnlKhl i rMTdjy L Guests Rush To Safety As Lake Resorts Burn LOS ANGELES, Nov. 23 _ fires, the worst in the history of Southern Cal- ifornia, blazed out of control in widely-separated fronts to night through three counties leaving heavy damage and possible death in the Topanga canyon region north of Santa Monica and in the San Bernar- dino mountains. 45-MTLE WIND Palatial homes of promtnen' motion picture personages were burned in the Topanga canyon fires, which fingered out before i 45-mile wind on four fronts threatened heavily populated com- munities that tonight were cut off from communication with outlying cities. More than a thousand fire fight- ers were In this region alone as the tinder-dry brush and timber carried the flames, over hundreds o homes. A blaze originating on Strawberrj peak .between the Lake Arrowhead and Bis Bear resorts swept down the mountainside to burn the Ar- rowhead only recently pur- chased by movie magnate Joseph M. Schenck- The Rttz brothers, motion picture stars, were amonj juesls who rushed lo safety when the (lames swept in, tak- ing nearby homes and a moun- tainside night club in their torrid grasp Among the expensive homes In the Santa Monica mountains which were known lo have burned were those of Actor Richard Dix and Directors Sam Woods and Frank Lloyd. Refugees from a fire that swep into the famous Malibu beach dis trlct were reported by a sheriff captain to have rushed into th surf for safety. Santa Monica tm mediately dispatched life guards li speed boats to the scene- CABINS DESTROYED Officers estimated that betweei 125 and 115 cabins in lower Topang canyon had been burned, and tha a dozen homes and a store wer destroyed at Castle rock Some four or five cabins wer burned in Las Tiinas canyon, nea the mouth of Las Tunas canyon. Tonight the fire was burning most heavily In Las Flores can- yon, some two miles from the film colony at Malibu beach, ft also was spreading In TemcscaL canyon, bark of Castellemare, a section of expensive residences- The wind, still blowing towar the coast, had abated somewhat I: force, and fire fighters expresse hope further destruction might b averted. Charles ll Dice. Santa Monlc police chief, estimated at least 20 homes had been destroyed abo Santa Monica, but declared no re ports of death from the flames ha been received. Three other fires were ragin through the San Bernardino mour. tains tonight and a brush fire o U, 5. Isolation 'Illusion-Hull Cooperation Need, He Says; Prepares For Trip To Peru WASHINGTON, Nov. Secretary Hull called' Isolation and national self-sufficiency tonight and said International in- terdependence and need for coopera- tion were fundamental facts. In an address prepared for a na- tion-wide broadcast, the secretary of state said: "The rapidity and completeness with which events and reactions to events become known is one of the outstanding characteristics of our age. "Even If we should wish to do so. we are not allowed to forget the world or lo Ignore our neighbors, x x x Hull said the United States had at all times sought to break down barriers, to open up new ways for better understanding and to In- crease and diversify the points of friendly contact between nations. "Only on the basis o! sich prin- ciples." he added, "can disaster be avoided and our civilization en- dure." The secretary spoke at the con- clusion of a busy day in which he sought to clear Ms desk of Import- comparatively small imporlar and affairs plor to his depatrure was burning In Ventura county. Friday for Lima. Peru, to attend the _____________________________ eighth Pan-American conference. Duggfln Dies DALLAS. Nov. 23. If, Mr Medle Dugsan. 87. mother ot th late state Senator Arthur P. Dugga of Uttlefleld. died today at th home of her daughter. Mrs. Julia C Hart of Dallas. The body was sent to San An- tonio for burial services tomorrow. Vote Count Delayed AUSTIN. Nov. of- ficial count of the Texas vote in the November 8 general election was de- layer! today because returns were from 39 of the state's counties. clusters, with husband, wile, sons and daughters clinging to- gether in a single mass of hu- manity. Six, eight or ten hearts can pump more warming blood than one; a slronj heart Is essential for survival when there Is no bedding and liltle shelter. Not many of Ihe shanties have dirl floors. But possibly those thai do are warmer, Tor they are nearer the ground, more protected from the itr- condltlortlng of Ihe north wind. Thanksgiving morning will find most of them, It Is hoped, wllh enough food for susten- ance. And clothing In most casts will meet the standards required by folks from "Chlny" street. Most of the men have 1VPA Jobs that bring In as high as J30 per month. This bujs hod, some clothing, and pavj little rent for those fortunate enough (o Jive In regular houses. And rent Is higher than jeemj reasonable for (he decaying houses used In southeast Abi- lene, Some shacks probably bring net annual incomes io their owners of more than their See SHANTVTOWN, Pg. 5, CoU t THANKSGIVING 'GOODFELLOWS' SPREAD CHEER- Mcitk Bay Holiday Will. Be City-Wide Stores, Public Offices Close; Service Slated Two thoughts will be fore- most in the minds of Abilen- ians celebrating Thanksgiving and eating. ACCIDENTS DUE Many persons will be made hap- py today with the gifts of food they receive from "goodfellows." Many persons wll be made contented by meals at a creaking dining table. Still others Till fts made sad by a large number ol accidents that are due to strike today on automo- bile choked highways as families seek holiday entertainment. Thanksgiving Is a general holi- day in Abilene with stores, ol.'lces, banks, the postoffice, city hall, courthouse and other places of business closed. Public school students and stu- dents of the three local colleges celebrating Ihe day of thanksgiving with a four day holiday, classes convening again Monday. Giving of thanks, spiritually and materially, will be city-wide. Last See THANKSGIVING, Pf. 5, Col. 3 Theaters Give Day's Take To Refugees DALLAS. Nov. Hob- IHzelle and R. J. CrDonnell of the Interstate and Texas Consolidated theaters today announced one day's entire gross recipts of 137 theaters would be set aside for refugees of Austria and Germany. Minute-men speakers will appear at the special programs. Cities In which receipts win be set aside Dec. 7 include, Austin. El Paso. Abilene, Amarillo, Corstcana. Harllngen Tyler, Temple, Wlchlia and Waco. As Ickes Brand Chairman Dies A NAZI AGENTS ENROLLING INDIANS IN BUND, HOUSE PROBE IOLD Loser Of Billfold Makes Profit After Halting ''Suspect' And Demanding Money PROVIDENCE, R. I., Nov. standing In a queue at a theater, Frank Pelczarskl was Jostled by two men. Then he discovered that his billfold was missing from hts hip pocket The two men were driving off in an automobile. Peiczarskl pur- sued them. One got out and started to cross a parking 'lot, and Pel- czarskt overtook him. Pelczarskl started shouting for his money and a cr of the house committee on un-Amer- ican activities. Dies had produced an Indian woman, Alice Lee Jemtson. to testify that government officials fostered communistic practices on Indian reservations and that Secretary of the Interior IcXes, Collier's superior, was a mem- ber of the American civil liber- ties union. The committee pre- viously had received testimony the union was a communist "front" organization. Ickes, deciartr.R such charges were old ones which had Ions ago been reluted, described Dies RS the worlds champion In a formal statement later, he said he had received word the testimony before thp Du- comnuttee about the Indian bureau was being cited in an a n I 1-American propaganda campaign carried on by a lor- eign dictatorship "I have said before that Mr. Dies' sideshow has gone far beyond the bounds of propriety and decency." Ickes said, "but when it comes to feeding falsi- fications to inimical foreign forces, I believe that the Amer- ican people should take heed." the entire membership of 2t boys and nine girls. Walscr and Ishmael said the basic concepts of the which means curiosity club, were evolved from reading the works of Edward Eel- lamy. Plato and Aristotle. They explained these concepts: Government: "We want a new social and economic order which will provide equality for all. Religion: "Every member can have his own religion. However, most of us are nthetsts or Panthe- ists. Sex and marriage: talk sex freely in our mixed group. We be- lieve In more sex education and equality ot sexes. Law and order: "We do not vio- late the laws ol our present system. As long as they are the law. we believe in obeying them. But we believe and hope (or a purely blcxxl- revolution to establish a new political and economic system in which All men would be issued cash certificates in like amounts which must be spenl before the end of the year." FDR To Broadcast NEW YORK, Nov. dent Roosevelt is expected to speak live minutes in the broadcast plan ned from the annual Founder's day Thanksgiving dinner of the Warm Whip Jones Gets Iwo Year Term BALLINGER, NOT. 199th district court Jury here today sentenced C. M, (Whip) Jones of Concho county to two years Im- prisonment when It found him guilty of being an accessory in the murder of Bill Johnson on April 6, The verdict was returned alter two hours deliberation. Ths sen- tence was the only one possible tor that conviction. Offense of whkh. Jones was found guilty was aiding U G. Duran. convicted ot the mur- cier, in escaping. Duran Is servinj a lour year sentence. Attorneys for the defense entered, a motion for a nesr trial, and said an amended motion would be en- tered scon. The case was transferred to nels county from Concho county. Woman, t13, Dies CORPUS CHRISTI. Nov. Ramirez. to Springs foundation in Georgia to- been 113 years oM. died her horns morrow night. here this awrninj..
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