Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - November 12, 1938, Abilene, Texas WEST TEXAS' WM NEWSPAPER VOL. LV111, NO. 165. "WITHOUT, OR OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR POES WE SKK'JUf TOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS rttu iur> ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 12, PAGES HATRED UNDISPELLED BY 'ARMISTICE OF MUNICH'- PRICE FIVE CENTS Arming Nations Mark Armistice With Prayer Or Proud Nealect Bf The Associated Press _ On a MlUlde splashed by bright tlon of Germany, a world war loser, of Ihe klngVi pinnimaite (o (he tablhh i mem mww.rdii .7. The Associated Press American and European peoples governments arming anxi- ously and some suspicious of each othar yesterday marked with prayer or proud neglect the 20th anniversary of the armistice In the war they fought to end wars. Shadows of and hatred stilt lay over (he old world, undlspelled hy the newer "Armistice of Mun- and clouded the horizon of the Americas, On a hillside splashed by bright autumn sunlight, In Arlington cemetery near Washington, Presi- dent Roosevelt laid a wreath o( while chrysanthemums at the mar- ble tomb of the unknown soldier. The national commander of the American Legion, Stephen Chad- wick, made an Armistice Day call for enactment ol a universal serv- ice law In the United States. The peace of tlon of Germany, a world war loser, at the territorial expense ol Czech- oslovakia, born of that Germany In a dominant position in Europe. In London, King George VI bow- ed In the rare November sunshine at the foot ol the Cenotaph in Whitehall and placed a wreath of tribute to Britain's own world war dead. Trenches In parks along the of the klng'fl pilgrimage to the Cenotaph still gaped as reminders of the fearful days of September before the pact of Munich brought what some European leaders thought only tenuous assurance of peace. Uneasy Paris echoed the tramp of troops. War veterans who had throngecT to Paris were forbidden to march by a government fearing dis- orders and rumored plans to es- tablish t. more powerful govern- ment to restore French prestige in Europe. Italy, one of the world war vic- tors but now a friend of ascendant Germany, celebrated the birth- day of King Viltorio Emanuele, having observed a week ago the an- niversary of her own armistice with Austria-Hungary. Illness kept Belgium's king. Leo- pold, away from the Brussels cere- mony at the tomb which com- memorates Belgium's tragedy and sacrifice as the world war's first battle ground. Germany marked the day with only scattered newspaper references centering on the treaty of Versailles which Hitler has cast aside. The Berlltt newspaper Morgen- post said, "we can remember the date with composure and proud knowledge that Nov. 11, 1918, defi- nitely belongs to the past." Regent Horthy of Hungary head- ed a ceremony at Kassa where hi claimed the last territory taken from Czechoslovakia in post-Mun- ich arbitration by Germany and Italy. Horlhy rode his white horw Into town at the head of troops o( oc- cupation and told a throng in Ca- thedral Square, "This Is only the initial success." ON ELECTION RESULTS-- Roosevelt Discounts 'Coalition' U.S. Must Spur Cotton Exports, Roper Declares Administration's Strong Defense Stand Reiterated HOUSTON, nor. retary Roper, admitting there were "discouraging actors" In' the cot- ton Industry, said tonight the United Stales must Intensity its efforts to expand exports, must research diligently for new uses for cotton, and must support this "with the spread ot increased pur- chasing power." Roper said the entire world was curtailing Its demands for cotton, and nations which formerly were outlets for large quantities "now are making Industrious efforts to make themselves independent ot us. "Other discouraging (actors are the development of substitute fibers at lower coji; Increased production In new areas; irnprovlshment ol foreign purchasing power, by war stress; trends toward trade controls our high production costs." The secretary or commerce, speak- ing at a banquet for the depart- ment's advisory council, said "the cooperation ot all Is needed for the solution of present problems In production and distribution.1' Roper, recognizing Armistice Day, repeited the administration's stand for strong defense, saying "our people definitely desire internal and external peace, founded on righteousness and Justice. But It should be well understood that stand ready to utilize our resources In defense of our national honor." Need For Changes, In Rail Rates Told HOUSTON, Nov. H President Roosevelt's business ad- visory council was held today that southern Industry needs equaliza- tion of rail rate differentials in the North and East if It Is to survive. F. M. Lav, Houston banker and former president of the American Bankers association, admitted to Ihc group ot industrialists and economists, headed by Secretary of Commerce Daniel C. Roper, that the south is the nation's top rank economic problem. The present economic situation In the South, he said, was the re- sult of unfair freight rates from the South to northern and eastern markets and ol the high tariff Rails on southern products, and he laid the entire nation must co- operale to change It. The Weather PROVED IN SPANISH ARMY GEIS NEW ANTI-AIRCRAFT, TANK GUNS WASHINGTON, Nov. war department announc- ed today the army would be equipped wlih two "new and highly effective" guns to cope with airplane.; and tanks. The weapons, a last firing anti-aircraft gun and a light but powerful anti-tank gun reflect- ing military lessons of the Span- ish conflict have been stand- ardized after extensive tests. Both are o'f 37 millimeter cali- bre, hurling shells about one and one-half inches in diameter. The anti aircraft weapon, weighing about 5.000 pounds, is designed to pour a heavy volume of fire against hostile planes flying up to feet. Officers who saw the gun. In action last month at the Fort Bragg, N. C., maneuvers said It could fire at least twice a second and its shells would spread destruction up to 10.000 Jeet upon light contact with a plane's wing fabric. Thr new anti-tank gun. small- er and lighter than the usual field artillery weapon, may be towed behind high speed trucks or hauled short distances by manpower. Its two-man crew ts prelected by armor, and. In ac- tion, one man loads it and the other aims and fires. Altogeth- er it U about 12 feet long, five feet wide and three feet high. AS GHETTOS LOOM- Nazi Police Arrest Jews Jews Abroad Given Warning ARtr.K.Xr; and VICTMTV: Tartly rioflily arid mln Saturday; Sunday cloudy and KAST TEXAS: Vartly rlondr, rain Sat- urday nlrht and In nnTlhnnl portion Sat- urday arirrnoon; Sunday cloudy tad fold-1 on Ifte sniffing- In norffltfly Sat- urday or UTST TEXAS: tfoudy. rain In north porllon Salarita; and In Mnltirail portion at nlshl: snndar cloudy, toldrr In wrM and north Satur- day, ronildrrahlv colrter Sanday. A. M. TITuM-it M MUnlinl .Noon M HlthMl and Ir In V m. gi and ja; tame dale JonrlK lodaj. todly" Goebbels Pens Article Intended To Justify Policy Germany's sudden nationwide outburst of anti-semitism de- veloped tonight into a series of secret police raids upon Jews of the upper classes amid re- ports that the ghetto of the middle ages was to be used as a signal for an Armtstfce Day parade to halt moment's silent prayer for the war dead dropped from the hand of a Boy Scout today and jurtng a dozen or more people, sU seriously. Five of the six seriously Injured were childrea. Fragments of the bomb tore through their flesh as they stood on a crowded sidewalk waiting for the peace time parade to wend Its way through the crowded streets., The bomb, an aerial flare usecVby war planes, skimmed along ground a rocket and exploded In the midst of the group of children. Among the injured, all of whom are expected to recover, are Helejj Joyce Baker, 12, Lockhart Baker, Jr, 5, Carolyn Brown, 3, Dorothy Mot, 14, Jack Robert Parker 10, and Mrs. Prank C. Stuckmeyer, 32. The bomb, one. of several placed along the route of a three hour parade, was knocked from the hands of Homer Hauschlld. 13. a boy scout, who hart tajtrictcd to set it off at a. m. as a signal- to the long parade to stop and pray. Hauschlld said a bystander threw a handiul of coins on the sldswalk and a group of children rushed to pick them up. dislodging the from his hands. Former Near Clyde Dead Of Poisoning BAIHD. Nor. Warren, 38-yrar-old farmer living two miles south ot Clyde, died In a local hos- pital at 9 o'clock last night from effects of arsenic he told officers he had eaten. Funeral services were held at the Cross Plains Methodist church this afternoon. He was reared in Ihs Cross Plains vicinity. Warren told CalJah.in county of- ficers he had eaten stout two handfuls ol arsenic shortly after noon. In a few minutes, according to the account given officers, ha began eating !ard to counteract effects of the poisoning. He began walking toward Clyde, when a man gave him a tide 'into town. From there officers were called from Balnd and NVarrtn was taken to the Baird hospital. Of- tlcere said he hid eaten about two pounds of lard. Warrtn had been in filling heillh for some Unw.