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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 31, 1938, Abilene, Texas -3> Dies Charges New Deal Intimidation of Radio Station over Which He's to Speak Tonight-See Page 10 WESTEXAI' WITHOUT, OR OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE'iCH WUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL LVIH, NO. 153. ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 31, PAGES. Associated PRICE FIVE CENTS CAUSING INVESTIGATION Too-Real Radio Drama of Mars Attack Stirs Panic JURORS STAMPEDE TO SEE SALLY BUBBLE DANCE HOLLYWOOD. Oct. was a rush of patriots who wanted to be jurors when word go: around that Silly Rand, in her trial today on charges of biting two custom- ers, might perform her bubble dance in court. Never has anyone seen Miss Rand in her gown of taicum powder except under the tlue glow of a muted spotlight And never before in history of South- ern California jurisprudence have so many good men and true showed serve as jurymen at "per day, plus food, plus whatever entertainment. Judge Harold B. Landreth wouldn't discuss the bubble evidence. Miss Rand is charged with raining the suspenders, clawing the neck and mauling the per- son of C. R. Stanford, a fanner, who sat in the front row at the Paramount theater and snapped her picture while she danced. Sh L accused also of sinking her teeth into the left arm of Hazel Drain, Stanford's girl friend. MEMBERS SECRET- Firing Squad Kills Slayer Heart Action Record Kept BABY THRUST INTO STOVE COLUMBUS, Oct TMIS arranged today for three-months-old Priscilla Ann Turner, who Police Capt. J. T. Spence said was burned to death when placed in a coal heater. Spencer said Mrs, Lucile M. Adams, middle-aged widow, placed the baby in the heater at her home where the infant's mother, Mrs. T. E. Turner, rented liring quarters, Mrs. Turner told officers she left the baby with Mrs. Adams Satur- day at the request ttnfl left the room. Hearing screams, she rushed back and dragged the child from the fire, but it died later. Police Chief J. W. Satterfield said Mrs. Adams probably would be grren a lunacy hearing. He said she was being held on a charge of murder. Crash Near Here Fatal to Oil Man Floyd G. Williams of Breckenridge Crushed Between Tools, Motor as Auto Leaps Ditch Holdup Murderer Calm to Last as Scientific Subject SALT LAKE CITY, Oct. 31. firing squad exe- cuted John W. Deering at dawn today in state prison while an electro-cardiograph recorded probably for the first time the action of the human heart pierced by bullets. Deering, who had sought in every to speed his death and participated -willingly in the scien- j tific experiment to det-ermine how j long his heart vouid beat after be- ing struck, was calm to the end. FINDINGS NOT REVEALED The five-man, firing squad was given the order to fire_at a. m. G wimams, about 42, transportation loreman lor the Sin- (Abilene time) and at 1-2 company-Kith headquarters in Brecfcenridge, vas ailed almost .Deenng was pronounced dead in .exrf 5 0-clod, moTTimS in an automobile accident two miles south of Lake Kirby. Williams was driving north, toward Abilene. His automobile struck the lelt rear cap of an automobile owned by H. A. Jamar, Coleman, which Was parked off the highway, 'Wil- car skidded 100 yards; jump- ed a ditch and plowed into an em- bankment. "When found. Williams was pin- ned between the motor and several hundred pounds of tools in the back of the car. Jamar was sleeping with his near the rear of his car. The im- pact moved the car about a foot. If it had moved slightly more, Jamar might have been seriously injured or killed. Capt. Harry Hutchison of the state highway patrol, said this morning. Justice of the Peace Theo Ash re- turned a verdict of accidental death. Williams' body was taken to piation for the May 9 holdup Jtnur- der of Oliver B. Lake City businessman. _ There were ominous-" clouds Against the pale sky over the moun- tains as Peering was led- quickly from his ceil block and strapped" in his chair against a prison wall. Electric wires were attached to his wrists and carried to ft delicate machine his last heart beats. Scientists began an im- mediate sicdy of the. record but said it would be a number of hours before they could an- nounce any findings, Utah is the only state in the union now using a firing squad. Convicted, men are given the alter- native of this or hanging. One of the rive rifles used is loaded with a blank. The five marksmen who acted as j executioners were recruited by Sheriff S. Grant Young of Salt j Lake county, their names kept a se- cret. They were taken to the prison in- a closed car. given rifles and as- signed positions behind a. curtain. As soon as they fired, they left as unobtrusively as they had come. THANKS WARDEN Deering's final words as he was seated blindfolded in his chair fac- ing his executioners less than 30 feet away were: "I want -to thank the warden" for being so damn good to me, I appreciate it. Goodbye and good luck to all of you." Then the guards and ministers stepped back, there was an unseen Haste Makes Traffic Waste Laughter Funeral home here. Rel- atives from Breckenridge were arrive this morning. to See EXECUTION, Pg. 9, CoL 6 French General Dies LYON, France, Oct. Gen. Joseph Degoutte, former com- mander of the allied armies in the Rhineland, died today at the age 1 of 72. Death came to the aged gen- eral at his home in the little village Kof Charnay near here. Despite his j long retirement from active sen-ice he was a member of the general staff until his death. Abilenians who were in a hurry going to and from the Eagle-Mustang football game in Sweetwater Friday night found out that haste makes traffic kind. State highway patrolmen passed out eight of them for speeding, and the returns were being turned in to Justice of the Peace J. D. Perry Jr., today. Two were fined each and the other six were to report Justice of the Peace Theo Ash meted out two SI fines for Saturday speeders in court this morning also. Slayer Electrocuted BE3XEFONTE, Pa., Oct. a prayer on his lips, An- tonio peronace. 35-year-old coal miner, paid with his life in the electric chair at Rockview peni- tentiary early today in expiation for the "wedding gift" slayings of his wife and father-in-law. Vivid Bulletins Tell Fictitious Invasion Yarn Horrifying Radio Description Gives Picture at 'Front' NEW YORK, Oct. dramatization proper of "War of the Worlds" opened dante music supposedly coming from the "Park-Asto- ria hotel." A languid Spanish number broken by a "news flash" reporting the observa- tion by a university professor in the Southwest of a series of News' Broadcast Terrifies Nation on the planet "explosions' Mars. The music resumed, but shortly afterward another "bulletin" re- ported that a strange object was approaching the earth from Mars. A subsequent "flash" said a me- teorite had struck at Grovers" Mills, near Princeton, N. J. SPACE SHIP OPENS The broadcast scene shifted to New Jersey, and .the commentator reported that the "meteorite" had turned out to be a giant tube of a metal unknown on earth. Partial quotes from the commentator fol- low: "Just a. minute. Something's Ladies and gentle- men, this is terrific. The end of this thiny is beginning to come off. The top is beginning to ro- tate like a. screw. The thing must be hollow." Voices of spectators, charged with rising excitement, were brought to the microphone while the "space ship" opened and mon- sters began crawling out. The monsters were described as possessing strange firearms which turned out to be death rays. They turned the weapons on the crowd and 200 persons "died" instantly. The announcer said that martial law 'was declared in New Jersey, the state militia issued bulletins from the scenes of the spreading and army pilots in air- planes kept up a running report to their headquarters. MACHINES ATTACK Adaptation of H. G. Wells' Imaginative 'War of Worlds1 Cause of Hysteria Wave WASHINGTON, Oct Federal Communcations commission began an investigation today of a dramatic radio broadcast which led some people to believe last night that men from Mars had attacked the United States. Chairman Frank P. McNinch asked the Columbia Broadcasting system to furnish the commission with an electrical transcription of the broadcast, a dramatized version of H. G. Wells' imaginative story "War of the Worlds." McNinch said: "Any broadcast that creates such general panic and fear as this one is reported to have done is, to say the least, regrettable." McNinch told reporters he had received many telephone calls last night about vroadcast, but that the commission had re- ceived only 10 telegrams, all protesting it, this forenoon. NEW YORK, Oct. of terror-strick- en radio listeners throughout the country fled from their homes last night when they tuned in on a series of synthetic news broadcasts which depicted the beginning of an interplanetary war. The simulated news bulletins, which accompanied a CBS dramatization of H. G. Wells' fantasy "The War of the became so realistic that they sent a wave of mass hysteria across the continent. The broadcast was intended only as fiction. Explanatory announcements during the program, between 8 and 9 o'clock, were overlooked by thousands who were led to believe that a poison gas expedition had arrived from Mars and was spreading death and destruction over the New York metropolitan area. Demands for an investigation multiplied in the wake of the broadcast. Jacques Chambnm, literary representative for H. G. Wells, said the famous British, author was "deeply concerned" that the radio dramatization of his book should hare spread alarm in this coun- try. Chambrun said Wells cabled him from London this morning, declaring that "the Columbia Broadcasting system and Mr. Orson Welles have far overstepped their rights in the matter i x x and should make a full retraction." He said Wells cabled that the radio dramatization was made "with a liberty that amounts to a complete rewriting" and made NEW YOKK; Oct. Broadcast- ing system officials here said today that, or no requests, the "War of the Worlds" program not be repeated. Wells' novel into "an entirely different story." Chambrun said the author considered it a "totally unwarranted liberty." Sen. Clyde L, Herring (D-Ia) said he planned to introduce in con- gress a bill just such abuses as was heard over the radio last night, xxx Radio has no more right to present- programs like that than someone has in knocking on your door and he added. City Manager Paul Morton of Trenton, N. J., near the locale of the fictional invasion, said he would demand an investigation by the Fed- eral Communications commission "with the view of preventing recur- rence of what happened." Some apartment houses in New York were empted hurriedy by frantic One machine partially crippled." listeners to the by second and third hand accounts that a pilot reported over the air: "Be- lived hit by shell from army gun in watching mountains. Guns now ap- pear silent. A heavy black fog hang- ing over the earth of extreme density, nature unknown "Senemy now turns east, cross- ing Passaic river into Jersey marshes. One of the gigantic crea- tures is straddling the Pulaski sky- way. Evident objective is New York City. They're pushing down a high tension power station "The machines are close to- gether now and we're ready to attack There they go. A giant arm is raised There's a green flash They're spraying us with flame. Two thousand feet. Engines are giv- ing out No chance to release bomb. Only one thing left to do drop on them, plane and all. We're diving on the first one now the en- See BULLETINS, Pg. 9, Col. 3 Twelve Good Men and PORTLIEST PANEL IN HISTORY WEIGHS IN FOR GRAND JURY SERVICE multiplied the impending peril. A woman in Pittsburgh tried suicide, saying "I'd rather die this way than like that." At a high point in the program the electric power failed at Concrete, Wash., a town of and the lights went out in most of the homes. Many thought the invasion had reached the west coast. Women fainted and men prepared to take their families to the me-ontains. Switchboards in newspaper offices and police stations everywhere were swamped with calls'from terrified people, many of them weeping. Some reported they could smell the gas and see the Hames started by the attackers. People gathered in groups to pray for salvation, .All over the metropolitan area, panicky persons jumped into their automobiles and headed for the open spaces to scape the hypothetical bombing of New York. Church services here and elsewhere were broken up by intruders who screamed the world was coming to an end. "Is it true? Were 40 killed in New Jersey? Or in Xew York? Are men from Mars attacking New York with deadly other-worldly weapons and gas? Was the world coming to an There wasn't a Martian in sight and the hysteria subsided almost FDR Seeking Peace in Rail Wage Dispute U. S. Railroad Association Head Called to Parley WASHINGTON, Oct. John J. Pel- ley of the Association of Amer- ican Railroads today conferred with President Roosevelt on the carriers' wage controversy and said the president seeks settlement of the dispute "without trouble on a peaceful basis." Pelley was called to the White House as Mr. Roosevelt intervened to prevent development of the con- troversy which threatened a strike of rail workers. TO MEET IX CHICAGO A few minutes before the confer- ence Chairman H. A. Enochs of the carriers' joint conference an- nounced that representatives of the carriers would meet in Chicago within two weeks to decide whether to withdraw their demands for a 15 per cent wage cut. Pelley said Mr, Roosevelt assured him the administration would sup- port a constructive rail rehabilita- tion program in the next congress. He said the president was hopeful that the recently ap- pointed "informal" committee of three rail management lead- ers and three labor leaders would produce a ra3 program which the administration could sup- port. President Roosevelt, in separate conferences, reviewed both sides the wage controversy. "Fe'Bey was j followed to the White House by! Chairman George M. Harrison" of j the Railway Labor Executives as- j sociation. Leaving the White House, Harri- son said, "The president wants railroad labor and management im- mediately to take up the problem j of developing a program of legisla- tion for general rehabilitation of the railroad industry." TO COOPERATE "Labor assured the he said, "that it would be happv to! cooperate with the railroads and j the government in fulfilling his request in that direction.'1 Harrison indicated that the'spe- cial committee of railroad labor and management named some time ago by the president would be ready to meet in a week or 10 days. Pelley said that Mr. Roosevelt asked him to determine the rail-! j roads' attitude regarding compliance See RAIL PEACE, Pg. 9, CoL I curs GUEST The 104th district grand jurors who tipped the scales at pounds are shown in this Reporter-News photo as they weighed in this morning on cotton scales. They are left to right: J. A. Mealors, Ovalo; G. O. Graham, Guion: Her- man Brewster. Abilene; F. W. Foster, Wingate, foreman; G. L. Quattlebaym. Trent; Bates Thatch- er (just top of his head showing) Abilene: Sheriff Sid McAdams. receiving the weight receipt: J. A. Paterson, Merkel: Bill Ward (in white Abilene; C. D. Echols, Abilene: Elmo Higgin- botham, Abilene; Tom W. Williamson, Trent; and Jack Shackelford, Abilene. Carrying more weight than any grand jury in Taylor coun- ty's history are the 12 inert empaneled for duly this morn- ing in 104th district They weighed ;n at a ton and a half, pounds. Judge "W. R. Chapman read1 a. routine charge this morning to grand jurors for the opening of the 104th district court term here. Abilenians either are not in t'ne habit of listening to Colum- bia broadcasts or live in such an isolated spot that they were not extremely stirred up over the Martian "invasion" of the earth last night. Since the Reporter-News publishes no Monday morning paper, there was no one to answer what calls might have been received in the office Sunday night. But its radio station. XRBC, reported four local and one long distance telephone inquiries. Doug Dean, KRBC program director, said his first call came from a woman who wanted to know whether it was true that a "space had landed in New Jersey and had brought an army to war on the earth. He assured her that it was pjst a radio knowing definitely that it he had received no notice of such an incident. Doan said that he received a call from an elderly woman in Wichita Falls, who telephoned to talk with a member of the KRBC staff whom she knew, asking confirmation of the re- ports. The police staUon reported no calls. Desk Sgt. L. D. Irvine said. >-c, ar.2 vfci-ity: Partly cloudy to- aad Tuesdav. West Texas: Partly cloudy tonight and Tuesday; cooler in extreme "north portion Tuesday. Texas; Partly cloud v tonight and Tuesday. Highest temperature yesterdav ___84 teinperatura this .59 CLOUDY j p.as. a.rc. p.r.-.. j Dry therssoaaeter 72 60 S2 i '.Vet thermometer 5S 52 50 Relative huaiidl-v 35 56 2t> Nines Discusses Highway Needs Commissioner Is Abiline's Guest At Breakfast Plans of the Texas mission for new construction proj- ects, closing of gaps in major trunk: lines, elimination of dangerous curves and narrow bridges, for building of railroad overpasses and underpasses, and farm to market roads in the Abilene area were dis- closed to a group of county, city and chamber of commerce officials by Harry Eines, highway commis- this morning at an informal breakfast at Hotel Wooten. Of major importance, according to Htnes, to Abilene and Taylor county is the renewal by the Broad- way of America association of its campaign in behalf of old Highway No. 1, now T7. S. 80. "This highway carries as much traffic as any highway in the state and in reality should be an east-west boulevard. Abilene should renew its fight for improvements on this great trunk: line and the Broadway of America association should advertise throughout the nation advantages of crossing the nation fay the south- ern route. "At the present time the commission has under way nine projects on old No. 1 between. El Paso and the state line. Marshall to Shreveport." We are spending- on these projects which include widen- ing of bridges, culverts, and straightening out of curves. Within 14 to 18 months we hope to have the entire route in first class Mr. Hines states. Improvements east of Abilene, in the Baird, Putnam and Cisco areas, are antici- pated at an early date, he said. The commissioner also told of work being cone on Highway 35 from. Abilene to the" Gulf coast, stating that' the commission is ful- ly aware of the importance of this route. "It is a direct highway that will sen-e traffic from the "north and northeast to the state capital and the Gulf coast, also provides a coast route east to Hines added. The Abilenians were told that today the commission Is spend- ing on ssven projects on No. 36 arid that the commis- sion hopes to have it complet- ed from Abilene, via Cross Plains, Comanche, Gatesville and Temple, to the Gulf within the next two and a half years. Commissioner Hines also outlined See BREAKFAST, Pg. 9, Col. 2 Average weight ssr man is 252 pounds, and at that there is one "runt" in the group. He's G. L. Quattlebaum of Trent, at 185 pounds. Largest grand juror is Bill Ward of Abilene, who tipped the scales this morning at 371 pounds, and admits he is 50 pounds off now. Herman Brewster, route 5, gives his weight at 280 pounds, He's the second largest man on the grand jury. J. A. Patterson of Merkel is practically a light weight in the 225 pounds. Then were are Elmo Higgin- botham of Abilene, 220 pounds: G. O. Graham of Guion. 230 pounds: T. W. Williams of Trent. 222 pounds: Bates That- Ste HEAVY DUTY, Pr. 9, as quickly as it started. But listeners viewed the broadcast with mixed feelings principally that they had been uritowardly frightened and duped. The broadcast was an adaptation of H. G. Wells' imaginative "War of the Worlds." further dramatized and enacted by Orson Welles, the 23-year-old Broadway theatrical prodigy. Welles Americanized the locale and situations. Four times during the program. CBS pointed out, the announcer stressed that the story was nothing but ficion. This comforting reiteration either escaped many of those who tuned in for the full or was lost entirely to part-time listeners or late tuners-in. for it failed to prevent a hysteria Many of those who were blissfully listening to Charlie McCarthy's unkown to the United States since the World _war. foolishness on the NBC network doubtless were caught up in the furor of neighbors dashing out of their homes, some with personal belongings, and heading for havens against invasion from an unknown foe armed with strange death-dealing implements from another and presumably hostile planet. Welles who startled the theater ocularly last season by portraying a Caesar in modern dress with fascist leanings, was overcome by the unbelisvable reaction to his presentation of the Wells thriller- turned- horrifier. In a statement expressing "deep regret" over apprehension the broadcast caused among ralio listeners. Welles said: Tar from expecting the radio audience to take the Brctram as fact rather than a fictional presentation, feared thai tlie classic H. G. Wells story, which has serred inspiration for ro many moving pictures, radio serials and even comic strips, might, 'NEWS' BBOADCAST, Pf. 9, CoL 4 DEAF AND BLIND FOUNDLING USES 'MECHANICAL THROAT' CHICAGO, Oct. Six-year-old Joan Higgins. deaf and blind since birth, who was left on the doorstep of the county hospital when only five days old. is nearly ready to take her place in the world triumph of moderr science. Until a year ago she had lived in a world of darkness and fear. Her clothing used to frighten her and she would tear it off. even destroy ob- jects that came under hand. Then Robert H. Gault, Northwestern university psy- chology professor, became inter- ested "in her case. He studied for many months, then de- veloped the phonotactor, a me- chanical "throat." It is made of a conglomera- tion of wires and amplifying tubes and a which Joan transmits sounds from a microphone to a vibrat- ing sound-box. Joan by placing either her face or her fingers against the machine and then attempts to imitate the vibrations with her own voice. Months ago Gault succeeded in teaching Joan to pronounce the vowels, then words. Today her meagre vocabulary consists of nearly SO words. Last week she spoke a sen- tence, repeating syllables sent via the transmitter and sound box to her finger-tips. Joan said. Gault said he hoped to be able to teach her soon to pick up the same vibrations plac- ing her rangers on the speak- er's throat.
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