Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 28, 1938, Abilene, Texas WEST TEXAS' NEWSMKR 0 Reporter 11 r i i' f i n _ VOL. LVIII. NO. 150. OR WITH OPPKNSE TO FRtKNDS OR FOES WE-SKlfluH VOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS [MM rm> ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 28, PAGES PRICE FIVE CENTS World Put On Notice U. S. Is Equipping Itself To Heed T. R.'s Advice About Carrying A Ttir, WASHINGTON, Oct. Navy Day the nation has I the WASHINGTON, Oct. this 80ih anniversary of Theodore Roosevelt, the world was put 011 notice that America Is equipping Itself to heed T. R.'s advice about carrying a "Big Stick." That message rang through every speech by government spokesmen from President Franklin Roosevelt down to the most significant celebration of Navy Day the nation has known In the seventeen years since It was established. Theodore Roosevelt's "big stick" declaration was not specifically cited either by the president or by navy spoilts- men. Both selected Instead his assertion that "upbuilding the navy must be steadily con- but the thought be- hind the two expressions Wai the same There are striking parallels between the Theodore Roose- velt armament policies of 30 years ago and those of Frank- lin Roosevelt today. It is Just three decades since the "White Fleet" was paraded around (he globe by T. R.'s order. The reason for that display of massed American sea power was the same that lay behind President Rosevelt's Navy Day and armament policy discus- sions. It was calculated to Im- press on Japan, on Imperial Germany of that day, and on all other powers '.he fact that the United States was prepared to meet any encroachments on the Monroe doctrine. What Franklin Roosevelt Is clearly seeking, as observers translate every move he makes, is so overwhelming an expres- sion of American public ap- proval of the policy of armed readiness as to catch world at- tention. Navy Parades I ts Might for FDR WASHINGTON, Oct. CONTRACT FOR 'SEVERAL MILLION DOLLARS'- Mexico Sells Oil To Italian Firm Agents to Push Sales in Brazil U. S, Appointed The navy, host to the nation, paraded Its power today for President Roosevelt several million other Americans. A few hours after his ad- monition toat the fleet must ready to Insure "positive protection against any ag- the eominander-ln- chlef witnessed maneuvers of a half dozen crack warylanes and glimpsed one of the newest destroyers at the Wash- Incton navy yard. Officials estimated that five million others visited shore stations or ships (or the annual Navy Day observance in ports on the Atlantic, Gulf and Pacific coasts, and In offshore possessions. They saw sham battles, gun drills, and aircraft demonstrations. Mr. Roosevelt's Navy Day comment that "the fleet must be ready" and his notlca to the last jiijh; that America must continue to arm to meet threat of force until other natlons were wiling to accept general disarmament impaired a serious note to the festivities. FINANCIAL 'UPPER 11 CITIZENS AND FIRMS ASSESSED SIXTH OF ABILENE'S TAXES Eleven Abilene citizens and busi- ness organizations are assessed ap- proximately one-sixth of city taxes. Known as a city of substantial dltam. and thriving Industry, the city of Abilene has a comparative- ly small "upper bracket" of finan- cial Interests. These 11 persons and firms oul of a city of 33.000 population are assessed of the total. The latter' figure Includes taxes on close to 6000 homes, ot which about 70 percent ire owntu by residents. Valuation of all She taxable prop- erty In Abilene, persuiil and real, was fixed thti year at The tax rate Is >250 on the valuation. Taken from the pablte records of the city tax collectors office, Abl- lene's leading tax payers are: J. M. Radford Grocery com- pany. O. E. Radford and Mrs. J. M. West Texas Utilities com- pany.................... Southwestern Bell Telephone company GulUr Trust Es'ate Wooten Investment com- pany Community Natural Gas company Abilene Hotel Corporation (Hilton hotel) W. Q. Swenson 4.624.00 W. J. Fulwilei West Texas Cottonoll com- pany Texas and Pacific Railroad company Many of the above named pay additional axes, but figures were iaten from the individual ac- counts on the public records. According to past records and averages of colk-ctlon in (he city tax collector's office, about 88 per- cent of the 1406.232.25 taxes assess- ed wili be paid. The other 12 per- cent will go on the delinquent tax records. Each year enough of the 000 on the delinquent tax books 13 collected to bring the total taxes collected during the year above the 100 percent mark of the current assessement. TO RETALIATE ON 'INTERFERENCE U. S. May Limit Japans Trade Stern Protest Handed Tokyo 'Open Door' Must Be Maintained in China, U. S. Says WASHINGTON, Oct. 27 TJniUd States gov-' eminent.may econom- ically, informed laid tonight, if Japan to heed a stern state department pro- test agaitiat "unwarranted in- terference" with American rights in China. NOTE MADE PUBLIC The stale department's note, de- manding that the traditional "open door" of economics opportunity be maintained In conquered Chinese territory, was made public here to- day. It charged Japan with attemptine tc squeeze United States business out of China as she has been dolnj In Manchuria, and demanded early assurances "in the Interest of rela- tions between the United Slates and Japan.' The Implication was that rela- tions between the United States tnd Japan would be Impaired It Tokyo did not make an early and satisfactory reply. Although the American statement was delivered to the Japanese gov- ernment on Oct. 6, the Japanese foreign office today that no definite date for answering U had been set. The note will not .be published In Japan, It was dis- closed. The stalement hinted at a possi- ble course of action by tnls govern- ment. If Japan Jailed to comply, by pointing out the "great and grow- ing disparity" between the treat- ment Japan gives Americans In China and the treatment Uv Unit- ed States gives Japanese here. POSSIBLE STEPS Unofficial foreign affairs experts suggested three steps this govern- ment might take: I. Restrictions on the trade of Japanese merchants with the American market, 2- Denunciation of the commer- cial treaty of 1911. which provides for equality of business opportun- ity for Americans In Japan and Japanese In this country. 3. Placing Japan on the United States' economic blacklist, a post- lien now occupied by Germany be- cause of her alleged discrimination against American goods. This would prevent Japan from obtatnng the benefit of tariff concessions being made In trade agreements with See PROTEST. Pj. Col. 'PRODUCTION THE THING'-KNUDSEN William 3. Knudsen, presi- dent of General Motors, back from Europe, commenting on the new wage and hour law, said, "unless you can make In shorter hours the same amount that the other fellow can make in longer hours, you will be left by the wayside." He declar- ed France has suffered from the decline of the franc, which he attributed to the 40-hour week. (Associated Press O'Daniel Raps Death Penalty Plans Indefinite On Any Possible Change Proposal SAN ANTONIO. Oct. Lee O'Daniel. Texas democratic nominee for governor, today af- punishment Hague Losei in Court Upholds Its Right to Go Into Jersey City NEWARK. N. J.. ;'edtral court upheld today from the "deportations" Sinos Demand War Continue Cooperation With Soviet Also Asked In Wire to Chiang HONGKONG, Oct. group of prominent, leftist-inclined Chinese, disturbed at possibility of a peace with Japan, today demand- ed continued Chinese resilience and cooperation with So- viet Russia. The demand was telegraphed to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, nilitary and civi. chieftain of the nationalist government, Line Sen. president of the government, and Dr. Sun Po, president of the legis- lative council. The message was regarded as ba- in g expressive of fears the peace faction, now that Hankow had been abandoned and occupied by the .'apanese, might become more dom- inant. (Japanese reports reaching Shang- hai from the Hankow sector told of further slashing attacks on re- treating Chinese forces which the Japanese said were turning the re- treat into a virtual rout. (These advices said an estimated 130 Chinese divisions were with- drawing ivestn'arrt from their o'.d positions north and south of the Wuhan (Hankow, area and that the Japanese hoped to capture a number of prisoners surpassing any such previous success.) The message ol the Hongkong group asked the central government to adopt the policy of the late Dr. Sun Yat-Sp.n of cooperation with the Soviet Union and the appoint- ment of military com- manders for the defense of Kwang- lung to keep the Japanese from ex- panding their Canton foothold. It said the advocacy of peace by Wang Chine-Wei a member of Chiangs supreme war council and president of the polilicat council, was entirely inconsistent wilh the will of the people Dispatches from Chungking, now China's provisional capital, said high political quarters expected Chiang to Issue manifesto on Sat- urday, urging unceasing resistance to Japan and giving reasons for continuing the war. Government Also Makes Contract With Costa Rica MEXICO CITY, Oct. 27 (AP) The Mexican govern- ment tonight announced it had contracted to sell "several mil- lion dollars'1 worth of oil to an Italian firm. SEIZURE QUESTIONED In addition the government as- serted representatives had been nsrned to push oil sales in the United states and Brazil. Mexico's oil supplies were greatly augmented last Much by expropriation of the foreijn- cwned oil Industry valued by Its owners at Legality of thbt expropriation b still being contested in Mexican courts by united states and Brit- ish concerns involved. Contracts for ol sales have been signed with Azienda Generate Ital- Petrol! of Rome, the govern- ment said. Other agreements were negotiated with the government of which already has received the "first 500 tons uf with Brazilian firm ana with Roy Fisher vho announced In Detroit last niBM that he had arranged to sell Mexican petroleum and oil products In tht United States. SALES DIFFICULT Since expropriation of 17 American and British oil compan- ies' properties, Mexico has encoun- tered extreme difficulties in devel- oping trade In oil with foreign countries because virtually all oil tankers are controlled by oil com- panies which refused to transport the output of the expropriated wells. Asked If tankers were available for shipping to Italy, a government official declared the Italian firm "is an oil firm. Is to assume they have tankers or can get them." Details of the Italian deal were not disclosed. In recent r.ionths Mexico has sold small quantity of oil to Japan In trade for Japanese beans and a deal was reported whereby a New York oil man. W. R, Davis. 10.000.000 barrels for sale In took the United States ano Europe partly lor cash and partly for German credits. Wage Chief Warns On 'Hot' Goods WASHINGTON. Oct. M> Elmer P. Andrews, wage-hour law State Is Ready On Land Suits Oct. he becomes governor In January. ,o frustrate organizational" act'iv- 'I have no definite plans at this Itles. HIM .hnii.kn..i I _ Judge William The Weather the death penally In his first sage to the legislature. VrM.r ).v; wckin T'" 1101 R j organizations 'las'." day i ioi. oay knows I'm opposed to j after Mayor Frank Hajuc declared c-'pital punWiment." he said. the CIO "shall neier come Into this gubernatorial nomtneo con- city as long as I am mayor ducted an intensive radio campaign I Judge Clark alsr forbade anv In- agamsl We .-ath penalty before terlercnce with the "right" to" dls- the outlaw.'. Raymond Hamilton! tribute leaflets on the street carrv "nd were "ccuted in placards ana to speak in 'public j P'fk.'. The decision made no mc-n- mv campaign platform tlon of Ihe plaintiffs' to ho'd made no direct statement about! meetings and make speeches on th- capital punishment." he said. "I'street, think one ot the ten command- ready for trial Nov. 7 of 63 suits in which It seeks SH6.000 In bonus and rentals. Defendants are sur- face owners of land, chiefly in West Texas, in which the "slate had reserved mineral rights. Japanese Execute Scores of Chinese HANKOW. Oct. _ The conquering Japanese, rlinching control of Hankow, today shot frorrx of Chines? soldiers or civil- ians luckless enough to be taken for soldiers and proposed dissolu- tion of a civilian refugee zone. Twenty uniformed and civiltan- garbcd Chinese were executed with- in of th? United States Yangta river patrol flagship Lu- zon. PALESTINE WAR INVADES REALM OF PRINCE OF PEACE Barricades British army trucks Jam the street In front of the celebrated Church of the Nativity, which is built over the spol Jtsm traditionally U thought to havt been born. This picture wu made by James A. Mills, As- Press correspondent, British troops began their campaign to supress disorders in the Holy Land. (Associated Press Photo.) AAA Official Condemns Cheap Cotton Programs 150 Gather For ASPIRIN OVERDOSE KILLS BOY" 'Economic Poison For Says Assistant Director Cheap cotton plans, Including the domestic allotment system, would prove to be candy-coated economic poison for the South, Walter Ran- dolph of Washington, assistant director of the southern division of the AAA, told ISO persconj here yesterday for a district WpIe-A educational meeting. Mr. Randolph continued that the plan would make the already ser- touj disease ol low Income and pov- erty worse; that it might be good for persons engaged In the business of merchandising cotton, but it would bad for' those who plow the cotton fields. He singled low Income out as the blfgest problem lacing Southern farmers, with others cloeely Inter- related as contributed factors. The listed contributing problems are: (I.) a and shifting farm population with comparatively small amount of cropland available for each family; Texas farmers' Income In September In- crcafed over the preceding month but was under the usual gain, the University of Texas bu- "f research reported The CIO and (he American C.vil Liberties union's -.ult acainst Mayor Hague and fellow officials was brought six weeks alter the labor union's first attempt at public or- of industrial workers thwarteo. by police who v rested 13 organizers and sym- pathizers and ejected others from itif city. The sull charged Jersey i City Uticlals wltii entering Into "an I up.HWful plan and conspiracy" (c; llorbid discussion of CIO I KANSAS CITY. Oct 27- A HOT and hishly brain disea-'e traa-mi'.tcd fro.Ti ho.ves to human beings, probably by mosquitoes, has been discov- ered. It is an entirely new form of encephalitis, or Inflammation of the brain, caused by a fiUer- vims which disintegrates the Dr. Roy F. Feoms- ter of the Massachusetts de- par'.mtnt of public health in Boston tnlrl the American Pub- lic Hea.'Ih assoclaCon's con- here tndav. The since poir.; six-inch cuing had been set previously to 'p.st i section i of c.iJcio !m-.e Mf.iration. j c.' wWca: en northwest ;rcra ;.-.c Vjin i Farmer E'.'.enbarser In Eastlir.d county, and is 330 (eel out of the northeast 'coni- ler ot soctioi; 3i-LAL surv'ey. Gortlon Pechybridge a Slock of about 3.500 acres, from I which Humb> OU Refining com- I PA.T.V hold SOi? aerw ard the con- r tractors, Lor.g jfe Wolf of Graham, hive several small ofr.se; it 113.1 drilled aitji jUnd.ird derrick and cable tools.