Abilene Reporter News, October 27, 1938 : Front Page

Publication: Abilene Reporter News October 27, 1938

Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - October 27, 1938, Abilene, Texas ‘Artificial Siamese Twin Operation Fails Because Body of One Subject Turns Vampire’ on Other WASHINGTON, Oct. 27.— (UP)—A surgical experiment in skin grafting that made “artificial Siamese twins” of a boy and a girl has failed, it was revealed today, because one of the subjects’ bodies acted as a “vampire” upon the other. Dr. Robert Emmet Moran and Dr. Michael P. Devito revealed that the attempt to WEST TRA? NEWSPAPER VOL. LYU I, NO. 149. "fuse” the bodies    to supply healthy skin for the girl's hum id and scarred body    had been abandoned to save    the boy’s life. The children were cut apart after the girl persisted In draining blood from her temporary "twin.” Subjects of the    experiment were Clara Howard, 15, and her cousin, John Melvin Bonner, 15, both negroes. The original operation, a radical experiment in “iso-graft”—the transfer of body tissue from one living body to another—attracted national aition. But Doctors Moran and Devito now- have concluded that the practice of “iso-graft” is practical at present only with cartilage and corneal (eye) tissue. The girl came to Emergency hospital a year ago with 60 per cent of her skin surface horribly scarred from bums. She was unable to turn her head or use her arms normally because they were partially fused to her side. Enlisting the help of Bonner, whose blood type corresponded, the doctors slit the skin from his armpit to waist and formed a tubular-shaped roll of skin and blood vessels 16 inches long. As the strips of skin fused, they formed a tube of tissue which was attached to Clara's body. Docotrs had hoped that the tube of flesh, after developing its own system of blood circula tion, would join the tissues of the girl’s body and supply it with a growth of skin Several days after the first attachment, the doctors noted a phenomenon. The girl became stronger, while the boy grew correspondingly weaker. Blood tests revealed that the red cell content of the girls blood was rising rapidly, that of the boy decreasing. The girl’s blood pressure jumped. Her cousin, however, had dizcy spells. On one occasion he lapsed into coma. The physicians severed the tube, then grown tc 20 inches, and abandoned the experiment. Bonner gradually recovered from the effects of his Siamese twinship and has since returned to regular attendance at school.H\)t Abilene & (port cr-interns•WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE! OH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS GOES,"-Byron doctors said, was the formation of a capillary "net” of tiny blood vessels on the end of the tube of flesh. Small fissures in the “capillary bed” permitted excessive escape of the boy’s blood into the girl’s body. But no capillary ‘ bed” was formed by the girl's tissues to return blood to the boy. The result ras acute anemia for the boy. (■IM rrua <l'P> ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 27, 1938—TWELVE PAGES AiMdiW PRM (AP) PRICE FIVE CENTS U. S. BUILDING GREATEST NA VY I in blunt u. s. note TO KEEP RIGHT BEHIND BRITISH By ALEXANDER R. GEORGE (AP Feature Service Writer) WASHINGTON. Oct. 27.—OP)— Navy Day finds Uncle Sam welding new links into the nation's “first line of defense”—on the sea, under it and in the air. Speeding expansion of the navy to keep pace with that of Great Britain—long the No. I sea force— the government is building: Six new super-dreadnoughta mightier than any battleships that have ever put out to sea. Two large airplane carrier* and an undisclosed number of the biggest bombing planes ever built. Thirty seven destroyers, 16 submarines and seven cruisers of the most modern type. Besides these 68 warships, congress has authorized but not yet provided funds ft i three additional battleships. 55 destroyers. 18 submarines and eight cruisers The 153 new ships, combined with 349 already in service, would bring the total to 502—a new high in United States naval strength. A navy air force of 1.800 planes, already rated the world’s finest, is to be increased to 3.000 planes Each of the nine new battleships will be armed with nine 16-inrh guns, which can hurl tremendously destructive shells 20 miles, as well as smaller guns and anti-aircraft artillery. These "bulldogs" of the fleet will cost about 570.000.000 apiece. Our main naval objective is to keep the battle fleets a close second in size to those of Great Britain which must protect far flung lines of empire communication. Japan does not now exchange naval statistics but she is rated a strong third in sea power. LINE-UP OF POWERS The battleship lineup of the three powers is: Britai. .15: United States. J 15 and Japan IO. The British are building 7 compared with 6 building , here and three others approved. The J absume sue believed to be construing a feu battleships. The British top the list in underage cruisers with 40 to our 30 and Japan's 26. In modern destroyers. the count is OI for Japan; 89 for Britain and 50 for the I’nited States. The Japanese lead in under-age submarines with 41 to 40 for Britain and 28 for this country. Under naval treaty limitations, a ship which is over-age is theoretically obsolete. It may, however, be quite serviceable. This year congress appropriated $600,000,000 for naval construction, and it is now expected the annual naval budget may run around three-quarters of a billion dollars for some years to come. HOW OUR NAVY KEEPS GROWING Battleship Texas BATTLESHIPS Under-age .............15 Building ...............6 Authorized .............3 Total...................24 ta Aircraft Carrier Saratoga AIRCRAFT CARRIERS Under-age .............5 Building................2 Authorized ...........   I Total ..................8 jpfik ■    \ rn w Heaw Crui«er Houlton HEAVY CRUISERS Under-aje .............17 Building ............... I Authorised .............0 Total ...................18 rn adgnt c.u..’ r Marolehead LIGHT CRUISERS Under-age Building . Authorized Destroyer Cummings DESTROYERS Under-age ............ 47 Over-age ..............158 Authorized ............55 Total .................297 Submarine Cachalot 8UBM/ RINES Under-age ............. 28 Over-age .............62 Building............... 16 Authorized ...........18 Total .................124 LEADERS IN ACCORD— China to Continue Fight Reds Support Chiang Move SHANGHAI, Oct. 27— (UP) —Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, China’s national leader, has obtained the full support of all fellow leaders for an unrelenting fight against Japan, it was reported today in re-1 liable Chinese quarters. A decision to continue the war j in hope that Japan would exhaust i her resources in her effort to sub- I jugate the vast expanses of China was reached at a meeting of cabinet and military leaders, it was asserted. MINISTER MAY QUIT According to information which the United press correspondent at See CHIANG, Pg. ll, Col. 4 The Weather ABILENE and vicinity: Fair tonight and Friday. West Texas Fair in north partly cloudy In south portion tonight and Friday warmer in north portion tonight Fast Texas Fair tonight and Friday Highest temperature yesterday ... go CURTAIN TO RISE ON MILK FUND BENEFIT PRODUCTION TONIGHT Boosters Expect Sell-Out as Last Tickets Peddled The show’ goes on at 8 o'clock tonight—so that scores of undernourished children in the Abilene pub- Lowest tem ne rat"- > this morning . st TEM PEB A TI’RES Wed. Thura. 6:30 p m. 6:30 a.rn 12:39 p m. r»rv thermometer    7.5    .VS    62 Wet thermometer    SS    50    S3 Selatlv* humidity    23    70    ~    as DR. CLINTON E. ADAMS lie schools may have milk to drink this winter. Tickets for the Boosters club revue, milk fund benefit, were heading tow'ard a sell-out. STUDENTS PUSH SALE Committees were making their final rounds today with the special $2.50 ducats, of which there are only IOO. These are for a Reserved seq^ion of the Fair Park audit* Japs Warned to Quit ‘Butting in’ Just 21 Years Ago Today— RED-HEADED YANK GUNNER FIRED FIRST U. S. WORLD WAR SHOT By BRUCE FRANCIS Twenty-one years ago today, somewhere in France, a red-headed American gunner fired his nation's first blast at a German entrenchment. That gunner today, perhaps, is as unknown as is the soldier (the unfortunate ‘buddy’ selected to represent the United States’ World war dead) who lies buried in Arlington national cemetery. That first shot may or may not have hit its mark. History doesn’t record that fact. The enemy (Germany) answered and Uncle Sams actual participation in World war hostilities was begun. It was followed by untold millions of shots by American troops who joined the great expedition to save the world for democracy. America’s participation in the great conflict left more than 50.000 dead (killed in action), more than three times as many wounded, as well as other casualties. The cost in dollars has been placed at more than 35 billions, that being for actual operation in the war period. Today, 21 years after, the nation is preparing to spend billions more for armaments in an effort to produce an American fighting force that will insure continued peace. Behind the excessive spending program is the belief that a well-armed nation will demand the respect of the world's war-like dictators. If not, the United States will be ready to unlimber her war machines and do it more quickly than she did back in 1917. Continuing Murphy Attack- Kb * rium, but most important of all the purchasers are providing five times as much for the milk fund as those who buy the 50 cent tickets. At the high school. Jimmie Bar-low and Dorothy Jean Shaw, heading a group of more than IOO student workers, were also pushing ticket sales to a climax. Six hundred tickets were distributed early in the campaign among the workers, and yesterday came the call for IOO more. The tickets, 50 cents for adults and 25 cents for students, also are available at the Boosters club headquarters and will be on sale at the box office tonight. There will be music, dancing, drama and souvenirs for the audience tonight at the Fair Park auditorium. Shortly after 7:30 o'clock, Jack Free and his orchestra will begin their concert At 8 o’clock, Dr. Clinton E. Adams will take the microphone as master of ceremonies for the evening. Leading off the entertainment will be Buddy Martin and his ensemble of dancers. Included in the chorus will be Mary Fry, LaJunta Johnson, Bitsy Gruver, Louise Whiting, Tima Frank Parker. Harriet Parker, Beth Kimbrough and Beverly Ann Balfanz. Tommy Berry Is the accompanist. THIRTEEN FOR MYSTERY Then comes the song-making trio, composed of Geraldine Shaw, Dorothy Jean Shaw and Rosalie Grimes. Bennie Ruth Garrett, talented radio songstress, will then present poplar songs, accompanied bt the See MILK FUND. Pf. ll, Col S Martin Declines To Testify After Roosevelt Rebuke WASHINGTON, Oct 27.— (UP)—Solicitor General Robert H. Jackson today invited Chairman Dies of th? house committee investigating un-American activities to present his views on communism and citizenship to the supreme court WASHINGTON, Oct. 27 — (UP)—The house committee investigating un-American activities has rejected an appeal by two democratic members that it postpone further hearings until after the November 8 election, it was learned today. Chairman Dies (D-Tex) announced he had received a message from Reps. Healey (D-Mass) and Dempsey (D-N. M ) Both congressmen are loyal administration supporters. He said he would reply to them later today. Healey and Dempsey asked a suspension ’ of committee hearings which have drawn the censure of President Roosevelt. The president spoke out in defense of Gov. Frank Murphy of Michigan, accused by committee witnesses of “treasonable action” in connection with the 1937 Michigan automobile strike. A “mystery witness” promised bv Dies for today proved to be J. E. Creighton, Lansing, Mich., reporter, who offered additional testimony on Murphy s conduct in connection with Michigan labor disputes. It was testimony concerning Murphy which aroused President Roosevelt See DIES PROBE, Pg. ll, Col J 'Sad and Lonely' Article Inspires Suicide Attempt. “So Sad and Lonely” was the heading of a story appearing on the front page of the Reporter-News yesterday afternoon. Last night an unidentified man was found seated at North Second and Cypress with the article, a note to his wife and a bottle of poison en his person. The note read: “Dear God please forgive me. I can’t go on. No friends. No job. No money. Dear wife and children if you know, please forgive me. Would give the world to see you first.” This' morning in corporation court, Judge E. A . Overshiner had a long private talk with the man. The man visibly shaking and with tears in his eyes, remained despondent. The judge was to send him to the hospital for observation. “I am afraid to Ie. him go.” the judge sa’d, “I believe he still is in too desperate a mood to be released.” HERE'S A SAMPLE OF EMPLOYERS' WAGE-HOUR FORM DIES REFUSES PROBE Reporter Tells Of Labor Row Occurrences DELAY sum Nrsou pow SvrIt— I ending_ SU «f h/vt (J) - V a f a • Houri af Bare Earnings a. Juet aim* 5 * J V f 7 I BW Bl Min I hr kta af .........1 nsi if Ny far ref\l Hour* Mw trad titre far Over ti as etal Sea. Sea. Tames Otrer I tea-Had) ISH dl (a1 r-iLLrJ ...(iii -ill— l.Ceer;a Maury Marrer . e • 0 s 0 I Ut My per hr# * ,?S.»0 11.20 150.00 ».y> • 029.70 tell Cr ti el tan • • • 0 I 0 0 LI ....... TV * ( W. " {2JOO par *•)/. Say) It .60 .50 12.50 .»3 rn 12.J7 3»Jehn Sh I ta . • 0 0 I I 0 I I* Wisp™. UXJ .ae ak# af IR hrs*) th .OO 1.00 25.00 .25 rn he. 75 k.Martha MI Iaa* rn I • | I I 5 L5 A, af Ut hrs#) 27.50 .*5 22.75 .23 • »•* J.Kesfy Ms**In* rn s • 0 I I I EA .*• an a wk et LU hrs#) 23.72 .52 2LJJi -Zia » 3U.20 (..Mary Millar rn s 0 • I 0 I ta* IV per »W. (*/*.) 12.00 .50 12.50 • 15 • 12.57 7. Ha lea tortes 9 • 0 I 0 be (r.w.) 15.00 • 15.« .15 • U1.05 •*.(anat girt cr • 0 t 0 I S B ti Lit PZT SP# (Eli# plies berate) 19.00 .ta 20.50 .21 • 20.29 9,311 ll sr J .lunier tom - « 0 0 I 0 I EA -mrw:—............ (Uy per hr. * 2.B.) 20.10 .ak 21.00 .21 • 20.79 Tokyo Advised America Feels Rights Violated Nipponese Given Threat of Barrier To Trade in U. S. WASHINGTON, Oct. 27.— (AP)—The United States government has told Japan in a strongly-worded ‘note to stop 1 'unwarranted i n t e rference” with American rights in China. The 3.000-word statement, presented by Ambassador Joseph C. Grew in Tokyo October 6 but made public only today, demanded continuance of the “open door” policy in the orient. TRADE POLICY PROTESTED An early reply was requested. The unofficial interpretation here was COMPLETE records available at any time to inspectors for the wage-hour law began to pile up in the offices of thousands of employers the minute the law went into effect. The above sample payroll form was broadcast by I the office of Administrator Elmer P. Andrews to show what data must be kept. Records need not be In the exact form showm above, but the data indicated above • must be readily available in some form. Such records must be kept for every employe covered by the act, whether paid on a timework, piecework. commission, salary, or other basis. The notation PW on the above chart, for instance, indicates the record of a piecework employe. Though every effort was being made by Andrews' office to co-ordinate wage-hour law records with those which already must be kept in accord with social se curity, state unemployment, and other laws, additional bookkeeping seemed inevitable for most employers. In addition to the above daily hour and pay data, additional records of home addresses and birth dates of employes under 19 are advisable, Andrews’ office warned. Filing of additional exact time records like time-clock and time-card records, and sheets recording the exact time of starting and stopping work, was also advised. While a record of the exact hours worked each day is not required under the law. such a record would expedite inspections, Andrews said. The complete explanation of these records is Issued by Andrews’ office under this title: “U. S Department of Labor. Wage and Hour Division. Explanation of the Records Regulations (Title 20, Chapter V, Part 516, Sections 516 I through 516 5). MEETING IN SAN ANTONIO— Oil Men Protest at Taxes Wichitan Leads Fight for Slash Alma Gluck Dies NEW YORK. Oct. 27.—(JF)—Alma Gluck Zimballst, famous opera ■ singer of past years, and wife of Efram Zimbalist. the violinist, died today. She was 54.    I SAN ANTONIO, Oct. 27 — (AP)—The cry of unjust and confiscatory taxes against the oil industry was raised today at the annual convention of the Texas Mid-Continent Oil and Gas association. Charles P. McGaha of Wichita Falls, president of the association, and Raymond M Myers of Dallas, chairman of the social security committee of the organization, led the fight for a reduction in taxes imposed on tile r:cn industry in Texas. O’DANIEL TO SPEAK W. Lee O’Daniel. gubernatorial nominee, arrived early in the morning and was to address the convention during the afternoon. Delegates looked forward to ODamel’s speech in the hope he would explain how and where he hopes to get money for the $30 a month pensions he promised the aged in July. The industry fears it will be called on to foot most of the bill. President McGaha asked state and national lawmakers not to burden the industry with unwise legislation and heavier taxes The Wichita Falls oil man, ni his report to the association's nineteenth annual convention, claimed the petroleum industry pays a Texas oil tax of 8.4 cents a barrel nHUe Illinois collects two cents a barrel. Additional taxes by state political sub-divisions will drive the oil companies to the wall and Blood Transfusions, Food Injections Seek To Save 23-Ounce Incubator Baby's Life CHICAGO. Oct. 27—(UP)—A baby girl weighing only 23 ounces. one of the tiniest ever born in Chicago, clung to life today in an Incubator at St. Bernard's hopital. She is Caroline Jean, first child of Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Freckle-ton. The mother, Jean, is 24. The baby was bom Tuesday night. She has received two blood transfusions from her father. She is not strong enough to swallow and physicians nourish her by injecting a solution of glucose and salt under the skin every three hours. The blood also was injected under the skin. The smallest baby ever born in Chicago, perhaps in this country, was Jacqualine Jean Benson, who weighed 12 ounces at birth. She will be three years old January 14. CYCLE CRASH INJURIES FATAL Clayborn Odell Short. 20. injured in a motorcycle-oil truck collision at Ambler and Merchant streets October 2, died in Hendrick Memorial hospital this morning. In the crash, Short suffered back and head injuries which with complications led to his death. Norman Piukerton. riding with Short, was injured only alight?/. Short was born August I. 1918, at Bland, Tex His family moved to Abilene 14 years ago. Odell attended public school here and was employed by an uncle. Lonnie Cox, operator of a mattress factory. Funeral has been set for 4 o'clock Friday afternoon at Elliott’s funeral chapel, with the Rev. W. C. Ashford, pastor of the South Side Baptist church, officiating. Burial will be in an Abilene cemetery. Young short is survived by his mother, Eula May Short of Corpus Christi: his father, J. C. Short of Fort Worth:    and three sisters, Mrs. K L. Pennick, Lois Imogene and Dorothy Virginia Short, all of Corpus Chr'sti. See OIL MEN, Pf. ll CoL I Trial of Poker Hijacking Suspect Delayed Trial of Dillard Berry Butler, ii dieted In connection with a recent poker game holdup at an Abilene hotel, was continued today rn 42d district cour* on motion of the defense. The case was set for the next term of court, January 16, 1939. by Judge Milburn S. Long. The motion for continuance de- dared that certain material witnesses, three from Fort Worth, one from Dallas, and seven from Houston, were unable to be present at the current term of court. Judge Long dismissed the venire of 60 men which had been called, instructing them to appear again inuary 16. By The Associated Fr**a Both the United State* and France made vital pronouncements of foreign policy today. In France, Premier Edouard Deedier declared hi* convictton: 1. That France and Germany would come to an understanding 2. That France should seek a greater outlet for her energies In her colonial empire rather than competa on th# continent with the Nazi state. In Britain, prime Minister Chamberlain made two shift* in his cabinet: Earl Stanhope, prealdent of the board of education. became first lord of th* ^miratty, succeeding Alfred Duff Cooper, who resigned October I in protest against the Munich agreement Earl de La Warr. lord privy aeat. became president of the board of education. The American note to Japan and President Roosevelt'* speech last night against "peace by fear stirred worldwide repercussions. that if a favorable answer did not arrive soon, relations between tha two countries would become strained. The United States accused Japan of seeking to make another Manchukuo out of the portions of China she has occupied, and listed a long series of violations of American business and property rights. The note charged Japan with trying to monopolize all trade in China through setting up Pseudo-Chinese monopolies; with manipulating the currency In North China; with altering the tariffs; with keeping American bhsiness men from their properties; with censoring and interfering with American mail and telegrams at Shanghai. It called Japan's changes in the See NOTE TO JAPAN, Pf. ll, CoL 2 AAA Leaders Convene Here Approximately 150 persons from 20 counties of this area gathered rn Abilene this morning for a two-day district agricultural adjustment administration educational meeting. The meeting convened at the Wooten hotel. County agents, adjustment assistants, triple-A county committeemen, home demonstration agents and representatives of home demonstration councils are here for the session. E. N. Holmgreen, state administrator of the AAA. said this morning that all cotton allotments for the 1939 crop will be in hands of producers by December IO, at which time they vote on the referendum. . Previously growers have not re-| ceived their allotments until well after the planting season. He added that by January I, the allowable acreage for all crops will be available. George Slaughter of Wharton, chairman of the state committee, told of placing administrative responsibility of the program directly in hands of county committeemen under the new set-up. Heretofore, the county agents have discharged those duties. W. I. Glass, agent for extension service district No. 7, was chairman of the morning program. Among the speakers here are Walter Randolph of Washington, assistant director of the southern region of AAA; E. R. Alexander, professor of agricultural education at Texas A. & M. on leave for a year to work with AAA; Howard Kingsbury, Coleman, state committeeman from this district; A. L. Smith, range and livestock specialist for the state triple-A; Maurine Hearn, district home demonstration agent; George Adams, assistant state agent; and R. H. Nelson, field agent of AAA in district 7, & ;

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Publication: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Issue Date: October 27, 1938