Abilene Reporter News, October 25, 1938

Abilene Reporter News

October 25, 1938

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Issue date: Tuesday, October 25, 1938

Pages available: 44

Previous edition: Monday, October 24, 1938

Next edition: Wednesday, October 26, 1938

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 25, 1938, Abilene, Texas WOT TEXAS' WM MEWSMKR VOL. LVIII, NO. 147. Wage-Hour Act Author Sees Court Test Thomas Hopes Opponents Will Give Law Trial SALT LAKE Oct. Klbert D. Thomas, Utah's professor-politician who taught constitutional law before assisting In drawing up the administration'! new wage-hour bill, said today he txpeclc-d opponents of the measure lo waste no time In testing It In the courts. The former University of Utah professor, who guided the bill through the senate and was chair- man of the point house-senate committee of 14, said "It then Is a desido to knock this bill out, court action probably will come tomor- "If, however, there Is a sincere trial, such a test will come only after nil possibilities have been ex- hausted." Thomas predicted, however, that because the committee "worked slowly nnd In accordance with what Hpe consdered the best constitution- al principles.- the bill can stand a court test. In the event it should be found faulty in some particular. "we can correct It when congress meets In January.1' Thomas, In an Interview, described Ihe bill, which places ceiling of 4t hours on Ihe employe's week and a floor of of 25 cents per hour on hlj Mage as the "most Important piece of legislation of the ad- minlstralbn, with the possible exception of social security, and far more Important than NRA which failed l-i meet Its lest In court." This bill was Designed to help those workers who cannot help themselves. It is more lenient than was NRA and Is closer to American constitutional habits. People gen- erally support Its objectives. There arc no harsh labor features and collective bargaining which caused difficulty under NRA. has already teen brought nbotit. "If we break this bill down I think there will be no test of its child labor features. Neither should thrr be n lest ot the wase situa- tion. It there is a test ot the hour provisions, k should not come until Ml possibilities of the law have been exhausted." "WITHOUT. OR mm OFFENSE TO PRtENOS OR ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBERJA, 1938. PAGES? WITH MOST INDUSTRIES COMPLYING 'WHOLE-HEARTEDLY'- PRICE FIVE CENTS Scattered Closings Mark Wage-Hour Start Pecan HOD6S GARNER r U. S. HEALTHIEST m HiSTnpv DBDDXM Pecan GARNER EXEMPT Processor WASHINGTON, Oct. U Pecan Grower John Nance Garner of Uvalde, TEX. who also is vice president of the United States, doesn't have lo comply with the wage-hour act. That wa.i the opinion express- ed today by Elmer F, Andrews, wage-hour administrator, after a meeting with pecan processors who protested their Inclusion under the measure. Asked at a press confer- eni-e if Canter was repre- itnttd amonj the proces- sors, Andrews said the vice pr-slrt.nl Garner nls trower and not In the pecan shelling Industry, He add- ed he had received no com- munication from the vice president. Murder Counts Against L-Men Pair Released Under Bond In Liverman Death BAUJNGER, Oct. Oam- bell of Abilene and Bill Strickland ot San Annelo, Texas liquor con- trol board inspectors, faced charg- es ol murder today In connection with (lie shooting last Friday of 30-year-old Bal- Flier Art Goebel Abilene Visitor Art Goebel, winner ol the Dole trophy flight to Honolulu In 1927, landed at the Abilene municipal airport yesterday tjying a convert- ed P-12. pursuit army rhip adapted to commercial use. He stayed In Abilene overnight on a skywriting assignment for the Phillips Petrol- eum company. Dan Liverman. linger man. Tilt otricm were released under S2.500 bonds, set when they waived examining trial before Justice n! the Peace B. W. Pilcher. They had previously been charged with as- sault with intent to-murder. The charge was changed Monday follow- ing Liverman's death Sunday. In Ballinger to Investigate the matter Monday were c. A. Paxton. chief board supervisor of the control J. W. Coii-s and Gerald VJCtrtlu Franklin. Abilene and San Angelo supervisors, respectively, sheriff Sid McAdams and Constable W T McQuary of Abilene. Sheriff W. A. Hold, District At- torney W. A. Stroman, and County Attorney Roy Hill will take state- ments Wednesday from the Liver- man (amlly and members of the liquor control board In further In- vestigation of the case before it Is bound over to the 110th district grand jury convening November H. Liverman was held Monday afternoon Funeral for at 3 o'clock from Jennings Funeral home, with the Rev. Max Wilkins. pastor of the Grace Baptist church, officiat- ing. Burial was In Evergreen ceme- tery. Surviving Liverman are his wife- parents. Mr. and Mrs. c. M. Liv- erman of near Ballingcr; two broth- ers Fred and Ben Liverman of Ballmger; and four sisters, Mrs Sterling Chlldress, Ona Liverman Cify-WPA Jobs Set Wednesday 200 To Be Hi red On Dom Spillway And Street Paving The dtj, of Abilene and works progress administration will open tv.-o construction Jobs Wednesday that will put 2W men to work'. The city street paving project will be re-opened, alter a tew weeks' shutdown, and a second pro- ject for Improvement of the spill- way at Lake Abilene will part- ed. These two jobs will greatly re- lieve the shortage of work for u certified men eligible for WPA in Works Progress Taylor county, according to B. c. I In all but i few instances WPA engineer. il.OOO had been R, C. HODDE last I U. S. niarshal Andrews Hopes Employe Layoffs Are Temporary Allred Among Governors To Pledge Help WASHINGTON, Oct. 24 (AP) Scattered shutdowns estimated to have thrown more than persona out ol work raised a problem for ad ministrations of the new wage and hour law today within a few hours after it had gone in to effect. CLOSINGS IX SOUTH Administrator Elmer F. Andrews expressed hope that the plant clos- ings were temporary, however, and said most interstate Industries complying "whole-heartedly" with the 25 cenls-an-hour minimum wage and 44-hour work WKk decreed for them by the new statute. "I can't see anything to get ex- cited the former New york state Industrial commissioner told reporters. Most of the scattered shutdowns and layoffs or employes were report- ed In the South, where wage rates lower than In the north have help- ed (a bring in Industries in the 33St. Many southern members of congress were among the stoutest foes of the legislation, while it was under consideration. Representatives of the pecan- shelling Industry, seeking exemption from the statute, informed Andrews that the law compelled them to suspend operations because they could not afford to pay employes 25 cents an hour. One of them said the average wage In the industry was lo to 15 cents an hour. J. Sellgman, of San Antonio Tex- as, president Of the National Pecan Shelters of America, reported that every pecan-shelling plant In the South had closed because of the wage-hour law. Another Industry spokesman said plants in and r.rour.d Chicago were closed. Sellgman es- timated workers were involv- ed. MEET WITH ANDREWS These represemauves discussed with the administrator and his le- gal aides the possibility that the in- dustry might be exempt from the statute on the grounds thzt many plants were In the "area of produc- tion.'' a region in which congress provided for exemption of the "first processing" Of agricultural and hor- tlcultura! products, Andrews referred the problem lo Calvert Magruder. his chief legal counsel. The administrator Intimat- ed that a decision might be ex- pected within a week; but he de- clined to discuss the merits of the :asc. Previously. Paul Sifton, deputy idminlstralor, had announced that See WAGE-HOUR, ff. 15, Col. 6 CITY, Ma, Oct. people of the States have Ijcen healthier clui-m- the past six months than at any lime in history. Dr. Ihuinas 1'avran, surgcoii-Kcncral ot tlic i.', 8. public health service. and director of the country's largest medical service and research zarioii, declared (hat unless something unforeseen, such as an epidemic oe- i-ui'.'; the nation in 1U3S (lie lowest death rale e.ver known His observations were Jna.Je jusf the opening tomorrow of the sixly-sfvcnlh annual mroting of the American 1'ublic Health association which is expected lo hring approximately physicians, surgeons nurses, liyfrionists, ami social set-vice workers together. The association is MjfidB up n-nrkfrs cnnctnicd with the prevention and control of epidem- ics, supervision of water supplies, and other health problems of the entire population. Tile death rate frinn all diseases during tile first half of decreas- ed eight .Hid one-half per cent from the rate, Dr. I'arran declared he- nijf only 11 deaths for even- persons. DISCLOSES "Although this decrease in the mortality rale ;.s reflected in nc'ii-lv all lei' Per Ceut lle f'" droppe'i per cent pneumonia 23 rontimiKl' luimher from tuberculosis ha, "The widespread efforts to prevent traffic accidents are ilar period of The onh- important cause of death which showed a higher rate thU thai, last amtr, tllpee per Mnt ?reater ThViloes mean that on the publfc ieVlth offfl but that the disease is better diVno4d AS ARMY AND NAVY RACE TO ENTER CAPITAL- s Outer Defenses Fall Predicted AsSinosFlee FIRST TASTE OF WJNTER IN NORTH Trees were bowed and broken, and communication wires snap- ped as a snowstorm gave north- ern Wisconsin and the upper Michigan peninsula their first taste of winter. This Iron Mountain, Mich., residential area suilered heavily. (Asso- ciated Press Venire Summoned For Holdup Trial Taylor county deputy sheriffs nr" Monday began personally sum- of Ballln- monln? members ol a 60-mTn for trial of r, o. on UA Damn- memoers of a rs. J. T. Abernaihy of special venire for trial of ACCUSE LABOR SECRETARY OF 'SUBTERFUGE' TO AID BRIDGES Dies Points To Contention Sufficient Evidence Is On Hand For Deportation WASHINGTON. Oct. 2-! Ray E. Nimmo, American Mass Arraignment On WPA Complaints ALBUQUERQUE. K. M.. Oct. %cnLiE ior irjaj or G. D. "d> c" American jjfgion Butler and s. R, Simpson Thurs- from Los Angeles, accused day In connection with the holdup I Secretary Perkins today of resort- of a poker game here two weeks lrS to it "subterfuge 'to protect" Simpson, Butler, and a third man il1 a r man not in custody, were Indicted last week by a 42d district court for lit cal rii ittical capital of the New Mt jury. was lle- lo robberv a an Harry Bridges, west coast director for the CCO. from deportation as an alleged member ot the com muntst party. Either must be Ihe c.ise. he told the hcuse committee on man Mexico, Attorneys for Simpson and But- those of Bridies ion ler refused to waive serving of Jury Throughout day summonses by deputies, so mem-1 Klmmo by H night jaid that lirst work taken up by the paving crew would be on South Fifth and North Sixth streets. He and Rogers plan lo confer soon, probably today, in outlining additional work. The Lake Abilene work will sup- plement an emergency project completed on the dam followtns Iiravy rains last July. Workers there will build a re- lainins wall of none to stop erooion on the natural earth spillway. Judge Coiln Neblett. who" directed the grand jury to Investigate- "com- men rumor" of W A graft last Sep- ifi tion proceedings against Bridges. Chairman Dies (D-Texi repeat- edly referred to the fact that R. P. Bonham, In charge of the Bridges case In the field, had objected to the postponement, and had told his superiors he had ample evidence to fore? deportation on Kveral I counts in addition to that of com- I munist party membership. The department has said the case :will b3 held in abeyance until the (supreme court settles the Strecker case, which Involve the question j re membership in the I Nippon Motorized Columns Advance Without Opposition SHANGHAI, Dot 25 Japan- ese armored car unit from Hwangpei, 20 -miles north of Hankow, reached the Peiping- Hankow railway today and, advancing down the railway, reached a position only four miles from the Chinese mili- tary capital's outer defense works. DEFENSE CRUMBLES Word of the advance was relayed from the front by Domel, Japan- ese news agency. Spokesmen for the Japanese forces sa'.d they expected the fall of the former provisional capital at any moment. Japanese dispatches said Hankow was crumbling anc that the city was being evacuated on huge scale as the Chinese virtually ceased opposition. Japanese fliers 'reported Chinese troops in flight west of Hankow. Three Chinese warships, an esti- mated 2.000 junks and 200 motor- boats, all packed with Chinese sol- diers, were proceeding at lull speed presumably towaio Ichang. nearly 400 miles upstream from Hankow, the airmen said. Japanese army and naval units were racing to be the first to en- ter the city. The army reported an outstand- ing advance both from east and north of Hankow by motorized units which reached Hwangpei, 20 miles north of Ihe capital. RIVER FORCES The naval forces continued up the Yangtze river, determined to keep pace with the army. They last were reported only 20 miles below Hankow. The army said the advances ot its motorized had proceeded swiftly without opposition. The col- umns were provided with supplies dropped from airplanes. [Hankow dispatches said there were no Indications of panic. The city was under martial law and the See SINO-JAP, Pj. 10, Col. 6 Defects In Vision Chief Among Children's Physical Shortcomings Here, Nurse Finds found among R mojt mirse 8 she had completed tnspec- 8rade' those Am rtcan- Af tospect students In the sixth grade and those others recommenced by teachers. .chlldren who 5how are tjlnj referred U> their o.herwhe given further The (nsMC- Hungary Limits Czech Demands 'Final' Offtr Gives Prague 48 Hours To Answer; Four Proposals Advanced -BUDAPEST. Oct. utopped about 30 per cent of her previous demand, for territory In today to t. compro- mise proposal submitted to the Prague government. The compromise ottered Hungiry {or weeks apparentfy haa stood fast in territorial negotiations with Czechoslovakia In a communtqw tonight the Hungarian government made It clear it was determined to settle the dispute with Czechoslovakia by peaceful means and not to resort to arms. PWCCIIU n. I7118 Preparation cf an army of almost men alonz the Czechoslovak frontier for any emergency and reports in well-ijifonjied circles that It would march on Wednesday if Czechoslovakia had not by then acceded to preview Hun-1-----------------.-------------- garian demands. Hungary's new stand was under- stood in diplomatic circles to have been taken only after Germany. Italy and Poland strongly advised l.er not to continue pushing de- mands which would be unaccept- able to any Czechoslovak govern- ment and which would endanger peace. Hungary'.-, latest offer, described as and with an answer de- manded within M hours, contains the following proposals: 1. That undisputed of Czechoslovakia claimed by Hungary be occupied by Hungarian troops without further delay, 2. That plebiscites be held In dis- puted districts not later than NOT. 31 t. That In the event Czecho- slovakia should reject these de- mands, a German. Polish and Italian Joint Jury should arbitrate the dispute. 4. That the right of "self-de- termination" be given to Ruthe- nians, Slovaks, and other national- ities. Only tf Czechoslovakia should not testimony by wheth llcal research porting an Meeting Today To Name Fair Leaders Officers and directors of the West] M mUlng Of'the' Salvation Army Seeking Funds Goal Of Set For Drive; Canvass Begun Tnree score workers launched tne annual Salvation Army drive for operating funds with a canvass of downtown Abilene Monday. First report on response met is expected, late today by Tom Brownlee. chair- man of the advisory board of the Salvation Army. Thi solicitors are working in teams- A brief meeting at the chamber of commerce Afonday morning pre- ceded the drive. It was addressed by Brtg. William Gtlke of Dallas, division commander o( the Salva- tlon i .1 EYE ELECTRIC BATTERY, PSYCHOLOGIST FINOS since the drnartmrnt had tithtr jroundi for deportation action asainst Ih.in Hrjl of communist mtmbfrchip, the Streclicr rase had no bearing. The law. hr said, required lhat the department proceed against Bridge L Between them. Kaos-'.cj and Ninv Jefferte.s, president, will be In :0f the j It was announced Mcnda Ihe nominaun? committee troops would ..ave to evacuate some large lO.uCO square klorneters square miles' of "undisputed area" that or Nov. 1. The Czechoslovak army had would hav will be by tlie sti-.c- rai'.rcLl commiision bu- tre time not been ;