Abilene Reporter News, October 1, 1938 : Front Page

Publication: Abilene Reporter News October 1, 1938

Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - October 1, 1938, Abilene, Texas Texas’ Biggest Lawsuit, Seeking $17,850,000 in Oil Company Penalties, to Trial Monday - - See Page 3 m Abilene Reporter “WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE J CH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES,"-Byron VOL. LVIII, NO. 123. «,«« rrcM .tr, ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, OCTOBER I, 1938—EIGHT PAGES AlHrltM PKN (AP) PRICE FIVE CENTS ANSWERING WALLACE PLEA M’Donald Leads Southern Cotton Farmers’ Revolt Commissioner Claims Control Opening Monday Afternoon— WEST TEXAS FREE FAIR'S FIRST PROGRAM TO BE DEDICATED TO EARLY SETTLERS IN AREA'Utter Failure'Domestic Allotment Plan Backers Join Against Wallace Br RICHARD M. MOREHEAD FORT WORTH, Oct. I.— (UP)—A revolt of Southern cotton farmers, led by J. EL McDonald. Texas commissioner of agriculture, was under way today less than 24 hours after the personal plea here by Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace for continued support of the AAA farm program. McDonald, commissioner of the largest cotton-growing state, gathered his “domestic allotment plan” j supporters here last night even he-fore Wallace had departed from the , scene of his nationwide speech to rally cotton farmers Into the 1939 AAA program. TO LAUNCH CAMPAIGN “Wallace's compulsory cotton rontrol set-up already has proven itself an utter failure” said Mc-; Donald "The officials of his or-; ganization are merely holding their I Agricultural Adjustment administration Jobs to keep from leaning; on WPA shovels.    j •T will answer Wallace’s speech and start my own opposition drive rolling before the farmers of 13 counties at Tyler next Tuesday." The Texas commissioner for a long time had advocated a cotton control plan which he say* would nave the Souths diminishing for-, cign market. While McDonald has disagreed with the AAA plan of restricted acreage, the differences for the first time have reached the open stage. He eat on the platform here Friday while Wallace, without mentioning names, attacked the domestic allotment idea as a road to disaster.” The revolt was plotted last night in a hotel room at a conference attended by McDonald, Ralph W. Moore, master of the Texas grange, and others. The campaign is intended to be carried into every cotton-growing state. “I ACCEPT CHALLENGE” McDonald said that he refrained from any opposition while Secretary, Wallace was present because he wanted to ’ join in extending true hospitality to our distinguished * ‘ Although the iq*ue °f production control of cotton Is a vital matter affecting the income and employment of Texas, we put down the hatchet and bade the AAA bor., welcome,” he explained. “But after hearing yesterday a defensive speech of the government program, I accept the challenge laid down by Henry Wallace and his storm troopers. Texans will decide for themselves, in the December referendum on the question, whether the AAA plans will be continued. As a result. I predict that high pressure and unlimited propoganda from Washington no longer will dictate in Texas. Wallace was en route back to Washington today, after direct appeals to both v heat and cotton farmers. The eight-cent cotton market about which farmers are now complaining might have been - four or five cents” without the AAA, he GRANGE BACKS M’DONALD The present program allows farmers a premium of 2.4 cents a pound for cotton grown within their given quota and a penalty for that on excess acreage. The McDonald plan places no restriction on acreage, but would permit “bonus” payments only on the quota cotton alloted for the domestic market. McDonald criticized Wallace for failure to contact farmers personally and “get at the heart of the problem.” He said that the cotton farmers’ purchasing power now is at the lowest ebb in history. Moore said that 75 per cent of the Texas grange members favored the domestic allotment plan. He criticized the AAA for giving farmers only one proposition upon which to vote. “Secretary Wallace    darn near stacks it," Moore said. The West Texas Free fair, golden Jubilee of the first Abilene community fair, is to open Monday afternoon at I o'clock with a program dedicated to old settlers of West Texas. It will be Pioneers’ and Old Settlers’ day at the fair with the program directed by the Taylor Counts- Old Settler's reunion. T. A. Bled soe, president of the Taylor county group, said yesterday that plans for a “now and then” parade at noon Monday had been abandoned, but that the program would go on as scheduled. ’’We found that it would be practically impossible to secure proper material and equipment that would be in keeping with the spirit of the parade representing the opening of the Abilene Community fair SO years ago,” Bledsoe said. “It would require two or three weeks and several hundred dollars to arrange the parade the way we would like to have it, so the project was reluctantly abandoned.” The opening ceremonies are to be held at the front entrance to the fair grounds. Following the opening the group is to go to the auditorium for a program of old-time square dancing, old-time fiddling and jig dancing by men over 80. Special recognition will be made of all persons who took active part in or visited the fair in 1888. Invi tations have gone to old settlers and pioneers in surrounding counties and indications are that a    large number of them will be present. Bledsoe said. In other departments, all exhibits will be in place, the Promising OII company's well is to be spudded at 3 o'clock, the Mighty Sheeney midway will be open, midget automobile races will begin at 2 o'clock, and the first performance by the Beut-ler Brothers’ rodeo will start at 8 o'clock. Chief problem confronting    the midway opei Hors was where to put all the attractions of the show, but they expressed    confidence    that proper rrangement* for that phase of the fair would be made.Legion Auto Caravan Here CZECHS YIELD TO POLE CLAIMS PRAGUE FLAYS MUNICH PACT PRAGUE. Oct. I. —(if)— A statement broadcast over the government-controlled radio today declared “all that Prague and the Czechoslovak nation received leas a crown of thorns” from the four-power Munich agreement to grant Germany parts of Sudetenland. The declaration pointed out "the great injustice” done to the nation by the accord and added: “The prime ministers (of Italy, France, Germany and Great Britain) who after the Munich consence went to their homes welcomed as saviors of peace. “Not a glance was given to treaties of alliance and no recognition accorded to alliances of Czechoslovakia and all obligations arising from her international contracts."Rail Hearing AcceleratedMediators Try To Get Complete Picture Quickly WASHINGTON, Oct. I.— (A*' — President Roaseve t's emergency board, seeking to avert a nationwide railroad strike, sought today to speed up testimony from both employers and labor leaders in an effort to win more time for private study of the problem. Almost 1,000.000 railroad workers had voted to strike in protest against a 15 per cent wage cut originally scheduled for today but arrival of the deadline found both sides presenting their cases to the president’s fact-finders. The board has until October 27 to report back to the president, and in an effort to comply Chairman Walter P. Stacy asked the witnesses to complete their testimony ten days earlier. Under the law\ neither the strike nor the wage-cut can become effective for 30 days after the board makes its recommendations for settlement. Neither side is bound, however, to accept the settlement.Town* Vote For City Light Plant* By the Associated Presa Twelve central Texas towns today favored municipal utility plant ownership as the result of a series of elections on the question of issuing bonds to install distributing equipment. Lockhart, Gonzales. Baird and Kyle yesterday voted for municipal ownership. Cuero voted against such ownership. 493 to 396. The vote at Lockhart was 416 to 211, Baird 200 to 127, Kyle 91 to 9 and Gonzales voted in favor of the issue by a margin of 28. Voters at Schulenberg were going to the polls today to vote on the question.German-French Pact Expected Parley ResultLimitation of Armaments Due In New Treaty BERLIN, Oct. I.—(UP)— A German-French friendship j agreement and negotiations for I a general limitation of ama- i ments are expected to complement the Munich agreement on Sudetenland and the historic British-German renunciation of war, it was reported today. This disclosure was made coinci- ! dentally with Adolf Hitler's return to Berlin for a nazi triumph. It was asserted In most reliable quarters that a German-French declaration of friendship was actually In process of preparation and might be issued at any time. Government quarters said that this declaration would be of the same character as that announced at Munich yesterday by Hitler and Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain —equivalent to a non-aggression pact, which they regarded as defining both agreements. Further, it was learned that as the direct result of the British -French-German-Italian agreement on Sudetenland signed at Munich, and the supplementing German-British and German-French agreements, government circles expected that the question of limitation of armaments would be the subject of international negotiations soon. It was asserted that limitation of armaments negotiations would be conducted most probably along the same “man to man” lines which led to the success at Munich, and that direct negotiations would be supplemented through normal diplomatic channels. Well informed quarters suggested here that heavy bombing airplanes. I heavy artillery and poison gas—the ! three most terrible weapons of modern warfare—most probably would be the principle subject for limitation talk.Quits Cabinet LONDON. Oct. I.—(AP)—Alfred Duff Cooper, first lord of the admiralty, resigned from Prime Minister Chamberlain's cabinet today because he disagreed with Chamberlain’s foreign policy. FATHER CLEARED IN 'NIGHTMARE' SLAYING J FRANKFORT, Ky„ Oct. I— (4s)—George Taylor, a 29-year-old beer salesman, was relieved of blame but not of grief last ( night by the verdict of a coroner’s jury holding accidental the ‘‘nightmare killing of his nine-year-old step-son, Ballard Rucker, Jr., early Friday. “Ifs not so easy to get a thing like that out of your mind,” he told neighbors who begged him to “try to forget” Taylor related how he awoke to find he had shot the child as the result of a dream in I which he visualized a prowler in the house. ■■ The bullet crashed through L the door separating their rooms and pierced the sleeping boy s thigh, severing an artery. He bled to death despite an operation. STARTING TO OCCUPY- Nazis Enter Sudetenland Reich Triumphs Without a Shot The Weather Abilene end Vicinity—Fair tonight and Sunday; little temperature change. Weal Texaa—West of 100th Meridian— Fair tonight and Sunday; HUI* temperature change. Fait Texsa—Fast of 100th Meridian— Fair tonight and Sunday; little temperature change. Highest temperature yesterday, 93; lowest this morning, 60.Baird Votes for Municipal Power BAIRD, Oct. I.—Baird yesterday voted to have a municipally owned electric power plant. The vote was 200 to 127 for issuance of 8160.000 in bonds. The bond issue Is sufficient to cover total estimated cost of constructing the plant, but application has been made to the PWA for a $74,4000 grant and $91,000 loan to help finance the project. The election followed several months of investigation and a series of mass meetings this week.Million Reserves Are Demobilized I PARIS, Oct. I—(4*)—General Maurice Gustave Gamelin, chief of the general staff of the national defense forces;, today ordered the demobilization of more than 1,000.000 reserves called to the colors at various stages during the Czechoslovak crisis. The first reservists to be demobilized following the four-power Munich accord are xpected to return to their homes over the weekend.Miner Crushed EUREKA, Utah, Oct. I.—(AV-George Viertel. 39. was killed in a cavein at the North Lily mine here yesterday.Troops Illustrate Army Precision Of World War EGER, Ort. I.—(AP)—Czechoslovak troops and police today withdrew from Egerland — the northwest corner of the Sudeten rim—though under the Munich agreement they were not require to do so until Wednesday. By WEBB MILLER (Copyright, 1938, by United Press) WITH THE GERMAN ARMY IN THE FIELD, Oct. I. — (UP) —The German army entered Czechoslovak Sudetenland at the zero hour of 2 p. rn. today (7 a. rn. Abilene time.) The army of occupation crossed the frontier exactly at the zero hour between Helfenberg and Finsterau. NO HURRY NOW Col.-Gen. Wilhelm Joseph Franz Ritter von Leeb was in command. The German war machine had triumphed without the firing of a shot but it had been prepared for action. Efficiency such as astounded the world when the imperial army went Into action in 1914 marked preparations for this march. Since dawn the troops had been poised ready for the order to advance. They moved up during the night, under cover of darkness. Four hours before the zero hour came the order to grand headquar-, ters that the advance into zone No. 1 of the occupation was to start at I 2 p.m. The general staff planned to occupy only a part of area No. I today — perhaps as little as one-third. There was no hurry now. The Czechs, bitter as must have been their resentment, were graceful in defeat. FIX NO-MAN'S LAND An informal agreement was reached between the German and Czech commands that a no-man's land of 1,500 meters (about one mile; should be established between the advance line of the German troops and the retiring Czechs. The German general staff had organized the ma* en to the frontier, in readiness for the zero hour signal, with most careful attention to detail. Throughout the night, from headquarters at Linz, Regensburg, Pas-sau and other cities in the zone of operations, general staff officers had directed the advance. Along the roads that wound upward through the Bavarian forest to the mountain frontier, a steady column of transport, mostly requisitioned private cars, pressed forward, drivers cursing. Don't Read This Unless You Happen to Be One of Those Fellows Gib's Worried Over Gib Sandefer, athletic manager for Hardin-Simmons university, had a flustered telephone voice this morning. ‘ There are people. ’ he said, “who believe all tickets for the Hardin-Sunmons and Centenary game tonight cost 12.20 .” Then he denied it, “General admission tickets for the east side of the stadium.” said Sandefer, “cost $1.10 in the end zones, $1.65 in the center, and student tickets cost 55 cents. "They will be on sale at 7 o’clock tonight at the ticket office.”  Then he hung up._ Hardin-Simmons Exes Gather at Homecoming A stirring "beat Centenary’* rally and chapel convocation program sent the days activities off to a flying start at Hardin-Simmons university's homecoming celebration today. •This morning, a student program in the H-SU auditorium was given for a gathering of students, alumni and ex-students. They began to pour into the city as campus events of the day moved toward a climax j in tonight's intersectional grid clash with the invading Centenary Gentlemen from Shreveport. BARBECUE ON PROGRAM At noon Mrs. H. A. Pender, president of the Hardin-Simmons Ex-Students’ association, presided over a meeting of the executive board of that body for a luncheon at the campus cafeteria. At the Hotel Wooten, the annual homecoming meeting of the Ex-Cowgirls association was a luncheon Registration and open house at Mary Frances hall, at 4 o’clock, and a barbecue at the campus pits east of the hall, at 5:30, were other pregame events. Program scheduled was to include a welcome for ex-students and visitors by Mrs. Pender, in behalf of the ex-students association, and by Avery Lee, president of the student body. Musical numbers were slated by the Cowboy band, under direction of Marion McClure, and the Hardin-Simmons choral club, directed by Mrs. Lola Gibson Deaton. Soloist for the band program was Joe Dene Propst, with two members of the Cowgirl band. Edwma Walker and Marijohn Nelson.Dinner To Honor New School Mon A “get-acquainted” dinner honoring R. N. Sandlin, new deputy state superintendent for the Abilene district, will be held in Hic high school cafeteria at 6 oclock Tuesday evening. County Superintendent Tom McGehee, announcing the dinner, said no formal program was planned. Both Abilene and county schools will be representee by principals, superintendents and head teachers.No Skeet Shoot The Taylor County Rod and Gun club's regular Sunday afternoon skeet shoot will not be held tomorrow, Herman McDaniel announced. Milk Fund Bottles Bring In SI46.93 Milk fund bottles, put out by the Abilene Boosters club, brought in $146 93 for the ll cays they have been out, Newell Thompson, general chairman of the Boosters committee. announced today. That is the report of 12 of the 19 committees. Bill Reidy's committee collected the most money. $22.32, N. W. McCormick s committee $15.29 and C. W. Moss* committee $15.18 The bottle in Frank Myers drugstore in the Hilton hotel brought in $7.90. There are 348 bottles In Abilene business houses, and more will be distributed next week, Thompson said.Cession Overjoys Poland Because No Parley Needed WARSAW, Oct. I.— (AP)— Czechoslovakia accepted Poland’s territorial demands in full today, thereby averting: a threatened invasion. Under terms of the demands, the part of the city of Teschen on the Czechoslovak side of the border will be transferred to Poland before 2 p rn. Sunday <7 a. rn., Abilene time*. TO FREE PRISONERS Within IO days Czechoslovakia will transfer to Poland the remainder of the Teschen district and the entire district of Frelstadt. Matters of other territories and plebiscites will be settled in direct negotiations between Poland and Czechoslovakia. Czechoslovakia also agreed lo release Immediately all persons of Polish nationality from the Czechoslovak army and to free all Poles Imprisoned for political reasons. A government communique announcing the settlement stated that “the Polish government meets with great Joy the news of the conclusion of a painful quarrel between the two nations and a settlement corresponding to the peaceful intentions of Poland " POLES OVERJOYED Czechoslovakia, after asking and receiving a one-hour extension on the time limit set by Poland, sent her acceptance in reply to Warsaw's “final” note. Poles fxpressed particular satisfaction because, they said. Poland not o jly had gained her demands but had done so without the aid of an international conference. Previously they had stressed that Poland was acting independently of the Munich conference, which agreed on the dismemberment of Czechoslovakia at Germany’s behest, People on the streets hugged one another for joy. A huge mass meeting was arranged to be held in the Pilsudski square in the heart of the city, where an enormous map of the area to be acquired already was on exhibition.Suicide Verdict In Youth's Death BALLINGER, Oct. I.-Verdict of suicide in the death of L. G. Simmons. 16-year-old Buffalo Gap youth whose body was found beneath a culvert on a highway south of here late Thursday, had been returned today by Justice of the Peace B. W. Pilcher of Ballinger. Mystery of the youth s death was cleared by testimony of Runnels and Taylor county officers who conducted an investigation. Billfold and class ring of the boy were found yesterday near the culvert. The billfold contained $1950. and on its back the words, “I’m sorry, dad,” were scratched.For BreakfastMississippi's Float Parade Continues East Led by state highway patrolmen and city officers, the five float caravan of the Mississippi American Legion arrived in Abilene at 8 o'clock this morning for a breakfast appointment with representatives of the Parramore post and auxiliary. Abilene American Legion. The 14-member party spent last night at Sweetwater and was to be in Breckenridge for lunch today. The caravan left Jackson, Miss., August 21, and is to be back Oct. 3 It will have traveled 5.750 miles through 18 states on the round trip to the rational legion convention at Los Angeles. For the breakfast this morning, Thomas E. Hayden Jr., was master of ceremonies, and Walter Lee of Jackson, Miss., grand chief de gars passe of the 40 At 8 and command- WALTER LEE er of the caravan, was principal speaker. M. Shaw gave the welcome, greeting the visitors and commenting cm the excellent showing of Mississippi in the national convention. Hayden introduced Lee, Mrs. Lee, and Elaine Russell of Vicksburg, “Miss American Legion." Dona Mae Smith, president of the Abilene legion auxiliary welcomed the visitors on behalf of the auxiliary. GOVERNOR PRAISED Lee, after discussing the caravan trip, praised Governor White of Mississippi for his support of the legion program. The governor and the legislature made a $25,000 appropriation for the caravan trip. Lee also praised the Texas highway patrol for its courtesy to the caravan since it entered the state. Mrs. Lee, commenting on the reception this morning, said “As we travel through Texas we realize more and more that Texas is not only the largest state in the union, but gives the warmest welcomes.” Miss Russell expressed hope that the Texans would come to Mississippi so that the hospitality might be returned. RADIO BROADCAST Aa closing feature of the program, Lee introduced the members of th© group and Carrol Dickinson, who sent a special automobile to lead the delegation into town. The 30 minute program was broadcast over KRBC. Meanwhile, the five floats remained parked on the west side of Pine street in front of the postoffice. The lead float was captioned “Peace with the wond through preparedness." Second was a float of the Mississippi D. A. R, then came floats representing industry, agriculture and recreation.Oil Hearing Set AUSTIN. Oct, I.—i/P—'The railroad commission today called the next monthly statewide oil and gas propration hearing for October 15. It's Eugene O'Neill FCC UP IN AIR AGAIN OVER CENSORSHIP OF RADIO PROGRAMS WASHINGTON, Oct. I.—UP*— The federal communicatitons commission is up in Ute air again over a question of radio censorship. This time a complaint that a broadcast of a Eugene O'Neill play contained improper language re vived the thorny subject, which a Mae West skit brought to the forefront. Mr. and Mrs. George Peterson of Minneapolis objected, Commissioner T. A. M. Craven said, because in O’Neill's Pulltzer-prize play “Beyond th" Horizon,” broadcast July 28, “the word of God was taken in vain.” The commission split over what should be done about the matter. Craven related, finally voting four to one to hold a hearing on the question of renewing the license of station WTCN, Minneapolis. Asserting renewals usually are granted without proper hearings, Craven said the commission's action was “fraught with danger” and was taken over his objections. "The commission can ill afford to be a party to any movement relating to censorship." he added. There ll Be More to See. More to Do Than Ever Belore-At West Texas Free Fair, Abilene, Oct 3-8 ;

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Publication: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Issue Date: October 1, 1938