Abilene Reporter News, September 30, 1938 : Front Page

Publication: Abilene Reporter News September 30, 1938

Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 30, 1938, Abilene, Texas Charleston, City* of .Historic Disaster, Surveys $2,000,000 Loss from Storms Killing 27-See Page 6©ie ^toilette Reporter"WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE ICH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES,"-Byron ★ ★★ EVENING VOL. LYU I. NO. 122. CHM Pre** I UT) ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 30, 1938—FOURTEEN PAGES AMorlated I'rrM <AI*> PRICE FIVE CENTS EASING EUROPEAN FOREBODING- ’HITLER GAINS    m    ^ •most of aims Dictator s Territory Demands Stilled PARIS, Sept. 30.—(UP)—French experts said today that Adolf Hitler won most of his claims at the four-power conference on partitioning of Czechoslovakia. Studying the four-power map on which is marked the territory to be 0 turned over gradually to Germany, they concluded Britain and France had ceded almost all of Hitler's territorial demands. One important point, they emphasized, was that the S250.000.000 Czech fortification system which had required four years to build would be turned over to the Reich. Hitler, they said, abandoned only two points: 1. His claim to German “population islands" in the interior of BOS' hamia and centering around Brno, Iglau. Pilsen and Olmutz in such a way as to cut the main Czech railroad lines. 2. His demand that Prague give in immediately to Polish and Hungarian minority demands. Time will be allowed for negotiations with both nations.    I By EDWARD WL BEATTIE (Copyright, 1938, by United Press) MUNICH, Germany, Sept. 30 — (UP)—High German sources said today that Adolf Hitler's demands for European territory ended with cession of the Sudeten area of Czechoslovakia. The first question in every European capital today was: “Where might Hitler be expected to strike next?” German officials answered it, emphatically: “Nowhere in Europe.” They said that Hitler was sincere when he said in a worldwide radio speech Monday night, in setting the October I ultimatum for Czechoslovakia : “The Sudetenland is the last territorial demand I have to make rn Europe, but it is a demand from which I never will recede.” There are six regions in Europe that were taken from Germany or Austria in the World war period, and which Hitler might have claimed, but the spokesmen gave reasons why he had renounced all rights to them, and insisted that Ger many's expansion on the tinent was now complete. They believed there would be no serious obstacles to occupation of Si 'etenland by German troops, but said Hitler probably would not demobilize over 1,000,000 army reserves until the transfer had been completed because oi the danger of a flare-up by the Czecns. German spokesmen admitted, however, that the strain on the nation's industry, agriculture and labro market had been so great because of the mobiliza tion and the drafts of workmen to build Rhineland forts that Hitler was anxious to restore normal civil life as quickly as possible. Among the Germans here, Hitler had become the greatest hero of modern times. They described his acceptance of a peaceful solution of the Sude-trn crisis as “magnanimous.” Ohe official said rapturously: “How could anyone fail to negotiate with such a man?” Germany's expansion under Hit ler had been as follows: (I) The Saar basin, by plebiscite —a rich industrial region on the wetem border that had been held under League of Nations mandate after the World war until the people decided thier allegiance. <2> Austria, by bloodless conquest • 3) Sudetenland, by threat and fiegotiation The six remaining regions one* a part of Germane, and Hillers reasons for disclaiming them now. were outlined by German spokesmen as follows: (I) The Polish corridor, a stretch! of land extending through East Prussia to the sea, ceded to Polandl by the treaty of Versailles—Germany has made no claims on the| region since the Polish-Germanl non-aggression pact was signed ear-1 ly In 1934 It has also been reported! that Poland, in the course of con-f venations that led to Hitler's es-l poi. of 'he Poll I n • >rifv < .aims! on Czechoslovakia, had discussed af plan for wholesale exchange of See HITLER. Tg. 14, Col. 8BRITAIN. REICH SEAL PACT NEVER TO FIRHT Fuehrer Joins Chamberlain to Reaffirm Amity Czechs Agree to Terms of Munish Parley's Accord r AYRE UTH, Germany. Sept. SO.— (AP) — Konrad Henleln. leader of the Sudeten German party, today sent a telegram to Reichsfuehre r Hitler hailing him as ’'deliverer’’ of 3,500.000 Sudeten Germans. MUNICH, Sept. 30.—(AP) — Prime Minister Chamberlain and Reichsfuehrer Hitler today signed an agreement in which they accepted the new four-power Munich pact and the Anglo-German naval treaty of 1936 as “symbolic of the desires of our two peoples never to ga to war with one another again.’’ Announcement cf this agreement ramp after the British leader and the German fuehrer had talked two h-xirs this morning in Hitler* GENEVA, Sept. 30.—I UP)— Maxim Litvtnoff, foreign commissar of Soviet Russia, expressed his country's dissatisfaction today over the four-power Munich agreement with the remark that it will “encourage agreation and assure its success.” private residence with only Paul Schmidt, Hitler's interpreter, present. FOLLOWS FOUR-POWER PACT Tile new A nflo-German peace pact came within a few hours of the signature of ’he four-power pact assuring Europe of peace at tho« price of cession of Czechoslovakia's Fudentenland to Germany. Lien as the two statesmen framed their new compart against war, an international commission «as working to carry out terms of their ar* rangement reached by Hitler, Chamberlain, Premier Mussolini of Italy and Premier Dal-adier of I ranee in yesterday'* historic sessions in the fuehrer-haus here. The Angio-German agreement, announced by Chamberlain, follows: 'We, the German fuehrer and Chancellor and the British prime PARIS, Sept. 30.—(AP)—The French government, after hearing Premier Daladler’s report on the four-power Munich accord, summoned parliament to meet next Tuesday. minister, have had a further meeting today and are agreed in recognising that the question of Anglo-German relations is of first importance for Hie two count and for Europe “We regard the agreement signed last night and the Anglo-German naval agreement as symbolic of the desires of our two peoples never to go to war See PAC T SEALED, Pg. 14, Col 4 SEEK RAIL FACTS Walter Stacy Landis    Millis Here is ti. > .special la.: fine.* ing commLvMoh named bv President Roosevelt, as provided in the railway labo- a^r of 1922, to investigate the wage dispute that threatens a nation-wide railway workers' strike The men are Chief Justice Walter Stacy of the North Carolina Supreme Court, the chairman; Prof. Harry Millis of :he University of Chicago, and Dean James Landis of the Hanard law school Under the railway labor act, worker cannot walk out and carriers cannot cut wages before Dec I Rail Mediation Board af Work Washington, sept 30 p.-Railroad management and labor I collided head-on today before the emergency board appointed bv President Roosevelt to avert a na tionwiue strike J. Carter Fort, counsel for the carriers which have proposed a 15 per cent wage cut, attacked present railroad wages as "unreasonably high " He promised in an opening statement to prove these were a factor in tile desperate financial conditions *f the railroad industry." This was flatly denied by diaries M. Hay. counsel for 18 brotherhoods representing some 800.000 workers Hay argued the present plight of See MEDIATION, Tg. 14. C ol I Nazi Troopers To Goose-Step In Sudetenland Germans To Begin Entering Czech Areas Tomorrow PRAGUE. Sept. 30 — AP I— Czechoslovakia's soldier-premier. Gen. Jan Syrrvy. in an appeal broadcast to the nation, tonight, declared that “superior force compelled us to accept” the four-power. Munich agrement for the dismemberment of the country. “This the most difficult moment In rn' life.” declared the 50-vear-old general, who led “0.000 t 7ech troops in an epic march across Siberia toward the end of the World war. "But I have taken the decision to save life and to save the nation.” BERLIN, Sept. 30— (AP) — German military units were ready down to the last iness kit and polished bootstrap today to goosestep into neighboring Czechoslovakia. Source close to the war minis-try disclosed that the German caissons would roll tomorrow along the southwestern Czech frontier north of Passau’ and Linz. Thus the beginning would be from territory that was Austrian before nazi Germany annexed it March 13. The second district fe* be occu- , pied under the carefully prepared j program, reliable informants said. on Sunday and Monday lies along the northern fron ter of Czechoslovaks, including the cities of Bo* ASCH, Czechoslovakia at the German Frontier), Sept. 30.— (AP i—All fighting stopped today in this Sudeten fretter region as Sudeten free corps men prepared to move back to their homes behind the German army. denbach. Ter sc hen, Friedland. Schoenliden Gross-Schoenau, Schluckenau, Rumbcrg and Warns-forf. On Oct. 3, 4 and 5 German troops are scheduled to take over the largest of the district! of Sudeten German majority population. The program further calls for the occupation on Ort. 6 and 7 of tire fourth and last predominantly Sudeten German district along the northeastern Czechoslovak frontier. “Sudeten Germany will be free,” newspapers said about the peace pact accounts from Munich, which eccasioned national rejoicing and relief that * there will be no was Headlines read, “an honorable solution for everybody." Air Minister Goo ring'* newspaper the Wiener National Zeitung, referred to the absence of Czetcho-slovak representatives from the Munich conference table and said: "ll was a tactful stage setting lo spare the Czechs because it was never intended to force them into the role of defendant who Is summoned before a forum of four European powers.” Spectators Warned Away— BUSY RUSH OF FAIR PREPARATIONS SHI FTS TODAY TO EXPOSITION GROUNDS Center of activity In final preparations for the West Texas Free fair, to begin Monday, shifted to the fair grounds todav and the "no admittance ;xcent on business" sign went up at the gate. "We're right in the middle of the last minute rush now,” D. H. Jefferies, president of the fair association, said this morning, “ana sri? urging everyone to stay away from the fair grounds unless they have Important business here.” Things were confusing enough at the fair grounds without visitors. A number vf th* exhih.tors we preparing the booths for their displays. several concession stands were Boing up, and an advance bi nip from the Great Sheeslev midway was *n the grounds. Sawing, hammering, and shouting of instructions wa: five order of business in the exhibit buildings. and in the headquarters office a staff was completely absorbed in seeing tha* everything went off according to schedule The casual observer or innocent bystander was quite likely to find himself taken in the bark with a two-bv-four or have his hands Jar-! red out of ms per kets bv a work-I man rushing about the business! getting things ready. The advance group from thtl carnival was staking out positional Rec FAIR. Pf. 14. Col. 7 MUNICH PACT IGNORED— PolishWor Fear of Hijackers Prevents Motorist's Stopping to Aid Brother by Road's Side Dogs Tug at Leash) ‘ Army Ready to : . Battle Czechs FINISH OF A GUN BATTLE TROUP, Texas, Sept. 30— tUP>—Fear that It was a trick to hijack motorist* kept Grady Jackson of Troup from investigating when he saw the body of a man lying by th* highway near here as he drove home last night. A short tim* later. Jack tun learned th*’ the man was his Drother, Vernia Jackson, 34, of Arp, who had been struck by a hit-and-run driver. Vernia Jackson was in critical condition todav at a Jacksonville hospital. Simmons Boy’s Services Said ■ Classmates Pay Tribute to Youth At Buffalo Gap L. G. Simmons returned home this morning. Beneath a grove of immense live oak trees rn the front yard of his Buffalo Gap home, last rites were said early this morning before more than 300 relatives and friends Because the body was badly decomposed when it was found late yesterday under a culvert near Miles, funeral directors first had arranged for the funeral to be in the Buffalo Gap cemetery. His mother objected. “He tried to hard to get home, V Mrs, Ernest Simmons said. “that I want him brought home.” In the shade before the weatherbeaten four-room house, relatives and friends, including the spring I graduating class of Wylie school! t of which L. G was valedictorian heard words of condolence from three local ministers MINISTER PRAISES The Rev. F. R Coir pastor of tile Baptist church at Lawn, said he knew young Simmons to be one of the most outstanding young people of the community Tile Rev. Cole added that all his life the youth had been outstanding in school and religious work. L. G, was graduated with highest honors from the Wylie See SIMMONS. Pg. 14. Col. 5 By JACK NIXON JR. Special Correspondent BALLINGER, Sept. 30. —The murder theory in the death of L. G. Simmons, 16-year-old Buffalo Gap, faded out this afternoon. At 2 35 Jerrell Edmison, of Buffalo Gap, and I found L. G, s class ring and his billfold, containing $19.50. They were buried in the sand under the culvert near Miles, where his body was found yesterday. Bringing Sheriff, Too— The Weather , PROMISING OIL MOTORCADE DUE HERE MONDAY Acc?mpa^d°by a^Sotorcade^at I    I    !ako ft!on* the Colo. ado Cowpunch- ABJLENE and vicinity; Fair ton *ht and Saturday. Wait Trial: Fair tonight and Saturday. Fast Triaa Fair tonight and Saturday Htghrrt temperature \eiterdav *3 Lowest temperature this morning x7 TEMPERA I i RES ti COLORADO. Sept 30 — <Spl> — Accompanied by a motorcade of at least 20 Colorado '’ars. members of the Promising Oil company of Colorado, Tex . are laying plans to storm the West Texas free fair at I Abilene Monday afternoon for the spudding and drilling to “60 feet, production, or quit” of the Promising Oil No. I City of Abilene Fair Park, on the fair midway at 3 o’clock. ( Earl Cypert, who is chairman of ' ^arrangements for the motorcade and*the spudding, and Ranee Dock- company, have announced the mo-rey. president of the Promising Oil Several officials of the Promising Oil company were due in Abilene this afternoon to discuss the problem of where to find an oil rig for drilling the No. I City of Abilene Fair Park. At noon today, no spudder had been secured for the midway exhibition test. „ torcade will leave Colorado at I o'clock. The Premising Oil groqp wilg take along the Colorado Cowpunch prs band, directed by Dr. Harry A Logsdon, to furnish music at the spudding ceremonies a musical accompaniment being just one of the many unusual features planned for the spudding Cypert said Harry Ratliff, legal counsel for the Promising Oil company, will act as master of ceremonies and make the principal speech, “an enlighting discourse on all phases of oil activity, both See MOTORCADE. Pg. 14, Col 6 tr Thur* « ... IO ... ti 12 Duarte* a    Munsrt t 'lpm * 30 * Pry thermometer 8* Wet thermometer *80 Relath e humidity® I* FAIR Frl. a rn M st At NI M aa ai «i u 77 sr ss 'Si rn 12 JO u rn SI    SO so    aa *    I* 92 9ft 91 92 S9 SN NJ 7* 7S 7t 70 N7 Leader of Band For Fair Hurt LUFKIN Sept. 30 /Pi- Joe Reichman. noted dance band maestro, was Injured seriously near here last night when his automobile skidded in u driving rain and overturned. Reichman, 40, lei’ivcd internal injuries and lacerated arms. Physicians said he would recover • • • Reichman and his band have been booked to play here next Tuesday and Wednesday, appearing at both concerts and dance* for the Texas Cotton festival of the West Texas free fair. • Bob Cannon, director of publicity for the ta •. said today that the Dallas office of the Music Corporation of America through which Reichman was secured, had advised him in a telephone conversation that there had been no accident, that Reichman is not injured and that the band would play here on schedule (An Associated Press reche-’ however, gave confirmation of the original report and sa.d that Reichman is in the Lufkin hospital) Time Limit For Prague Reply Is Set For Midnight (Copyright, 1918    United Pre**,! TE S C H E N. Polish Czech Frontier, Sept. 30 — (UP) — Polish army commanders had difficulty today restraining their troops from marching into Czechoslovakia and force-! fully occupying the 600 square miles of lower Silesia. Tile Polish government ignored the settlement a* Munich of the German-Czech crisis. The army was ready to strike. Soldier* were concentrated along th* < zeeh border, hoping for order* from Warsaw to advance into Ute* ho»lovakia when the time limit for Prague a replv to Poland's demands expire* at midnight. In Wa:saw. President Iznacv Mew-cicki railed a conference of Marshal Edward Rydz-flmigiy. commander-in-chiet of the army Gen Fehc-;an Bkladkofxi. tilt premie:. Eugen Kwiatowakl. the virepremier anti' finance minister, and Col. Jose! Berk, the minister of foregut affairs. It was said here that upon j the conference may depend Po-j land s threat to send her army into I Czechoslovakia. We are readv to occupv the territorv befoie daylight tomorrow a Polish government representative said. “The four-man ‘fire squad of Europe’ 'Adolf Hitler, Benito Mus-j solini. Neville Chamberlain and Edouard Dandier* can take three month* or whatever time they please to discuss a situation we have already settled ” Demonstrators paraded in Warsaw, carrying placards whirh proclaimed that a historic hour was approaching. Newspaper* reported additional fighting on the border with a number of Poles killed and wounded. Polands attitude was that the Munich agreement may save we,v.-ern Europe from a devastating war, but her ultimatum to Czechoslovakia stood. Responsible spokesmen here said the Poles feel they were not a party to the conference and not obliged to abide by its decision. Government leader? emphasized that the problem of the lower Silesian district was not settled bv the Munich conference, that on the conli ary the situation was becoming more serious hourly. Area Towns File PWA Applications Three applications for PWA projects in West Texas were included In almost I 6fO filed in the Fort Worth regional office today-before the deadline, midnight. Applications filed were from Ranger $100,000 water supply; Colorado. $100,000 waterworks and sewers: ani Eastland, $304,633 light and power plant.    a Shei iff H S Nelson is shown ii" peeped an* <nd the corner and fired tne final shot which Siler C V Day in an Erie. Kan?, hotel gun battle Dav was wounded critically The gun fight started after the 83-year-old caretaker of the hotel wa* wounded fatally when he went to investigate .shooting In the hall. Officers said Day did the shooting, then barricaded himself in the room SECRETARY WALLACE DEFENDS U. S. COTTON CONTROL PLAN Agriculture Department Chief Speaks to Texas Farmers In Meeting at Fort Worth Bv ll VK REI L E. LEE FORT WORTH Sept 30. I Henry A Wallace secretary of agri-culture vigorously defended the federal cotton con'rol program agauist widespread Southern criticism in an address to a farmers meeting here today. He assailed both the domestic allotment plan and proposals for a substantially higher loan on the s'aple J E McDonald. Texas commissioner of agriculture renominated this summer bv a big margin, us an ;> live advocate cf the domestic allotment plan Wallace advocated re-enactment of a cotton pioce«.*ing tax to assure maintenance of a parity price for the South’* money crop. He had urged the same thing for wheat at Hutchinson, Kans., yesterdav. The cabinet member suggested proponents of the domestic allotment plan and supporters of higher loans “argue it out w ith each other.” After that, both groups might be willing to go along “with the rest of us down the middle of the road,” he said After citing asserted flaws In the domestic allotment plan, Wallace| said: REAL ISSUE “The real issue is whe'her farm ers are going to give up their present program for one which woulc | mean bigger and bigger cottoi crops and cheaper and cheaper cot ton. The real issue is whether farm ers are going to scrap the presen' program for one w hich for a turn I might give more business and profits to the interests which buy anc I handle cotton, but would certainly! reduce the income of farmer* them selves. The real issue is whetheil the man who produces the crop with he abo! of his >w n h iuds is goin* to become a forgotten man one*I more, xxx “It is high time the cotton ex porters, spinners ana handlers whcj are always putting more and mor*| pressure on the farmer-, to produce vast new surpluses begin som*| real thinking about effects of terribly low cotton prices on the pros perity of agriculture, business anti industry. If we can’t get rid of oui cotton at present prices, how low d<| See WALLACE, Fg. 14, Col. 3 There ll Be-More to* See, More to Do Than Ever Before**At West Texas Free Fair, Abilene, Oct. 3-8 ;

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Publication: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Issue Date: September 30, 1938

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