Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 27, 1938, Abilene, Texas BERLIN, WISTJRAJ' NEWSMKR VOL. 119. WITHOUT. OR WtTli OFFENSE TO OR FOES WE SKE'lcil YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 27, PRICE FIVE CENTS BRITAIN PLEDGES SUDETENLAND CESSION Hitler Warns He'll March To Get Sudetenland Broadcast Keeps World Guessing On Just What Steps Germany Will Take BERLIN, Sept. hrer Adolf Hitler told the world tonight that if Czechoslovakia does not give Germany the territory he has marked as Sudetenland by October 1 he will act. "The time has come to talk he said, and "the Sudetenland is the last territorial demand I have to make in Europe, but it is a demand from which I never will recede." Yet there was nothing in the address one hour and 13 minutes long broadcast by radio to an anxious world which hung on every indicate definitely just what the fuehrer intended to do. Apparently he still hoped to get the in maps which he attached to his "final" negotiation and plebiscite. He did not say outright that he was going to war to get the Sudeten Czechoslovakia already has agreed to cede him though she apparently disagrees with him on the de- f mitioa of the Sudetenland. He did say, at well-spaced points in the address: "Mr Benes (President Eduard Benes of Czechoslovakia) must cede this region (the Sudetenland) to us by Oct. 1." "We are determined, may Mr. Benes know "Regarding the Sudeten problem, my patience is exhaust ed. He proudly told, amid cheers of an immediate audience of in Berlin's huge Sport- palast, about Germany's great military strength, her mighty air short, what a great power Germany has be- come. UK DOESN'T SAY WAR This all indicated, by Interact, Germany Is going to fight But Hitler did not say so. With every German ordered to hear the fuehrer by his own radio or a public address system. Hitler began speaking at p. m. P. m. (C. S. a little more than three hours after receiving Sir Horace Wilson, personal representa- tive of British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, Bith an urgent note. There was no indication tn the fuehrer's address to any reaction he might have had to Sir Horace's message, reported authoritatively in London to have been a warning that Britain and Russia would Join Prance in support of Czecho- slovakia In event of a German in- vasion of Czechoslovakia. The relclisftiehrer's statement that "the Sudctenland Is the last territorial demand I have to make (n Europe" was regarded as reas- suring and of fundamental Im- portance. But, the gist of the entire im- passioned oration was (hat he would act. he would do something, i! he did not have the Sudetenland' by Oct. 1-thls Saturday. H1IXER ATTACKS BENES Hitler f request ly and bitterly President Benes, describ- ing him is a liar and a promise- breaker. "I Hitler declared, "until the last moment that Benes would recede from the unreasonablents of his position. "Benes, however, thought he could do anythisg he pleased to Ger- many, for he was protected by Britain and Prance. "And it everything else went wrong, there was still Russia "I told Chamberlain plainly what I consider Is the only solution- that I was not (he man to look on In- differently when Germans were maltreated; that there when the word comes moment 'enough.' "France and England finally agreed to the cession of German See HITLER, u, Col. I Sudetens Hail Hitler Speech Henlein Dashes Across Border For Brief Visit, Tells Men Not To Fight ASCII. Chechoslovakia. Sept 26 Wi Adolf Hitler's declaration that Germany was determined to assume sovercijnty over Czccho- slorail's Sudetenland brought su- preme expressions of Joy tonight from residents of this Sudeten Ger- man border town. Tiie fuehrer's Berlin speech was ojjT.vi.il wit piunaiujj i Eovcrnr the second major event of the day Germany has hesitated. JOr the Sudeten fTprmane _ for the Sudeten Germans whose jubilance knew no bounds this morning when Konrfiri Henlein leader of the outlawed Sudeten German party, dashed across the border from Germany for a visit. Upon the departure of Henlein who brought five bus loads of Surtctrn "free corps" lighters, the town turner! out cnma-ssc (o listen to lhe broadcast of Hitler's speech. The speech capped the most (cnsc day this sart of the central European powdeV barrel has lived throuc.li since the present crUis be- came acute. CORRESrOXIlENTS OUSTED Upon reports from London of Britain's stiffened attitude. British correspondents were ordered out of A.srii. Tney left on an hours no- tice. When Ilrnlrin arrived nith Ihp tiusses loaded with 150 shock Irnnprrs Ihr -Surfcirn firrmans thoiiRht lhe German army had comr at last. "Nnw H's joins to Ihry shciulrrt. But Hcn'cin. who for an hour ir.spcc'ed his Sudcsen free corps' front line an! returned to his hcad- at Bayreuth. Germany, or- Sc'.'fd men to avoid -ombat with Czechoslovak troops. Sudeten Germans here have pro-1 :lairr.cd Arch and vicinity a free not attempts d to retake the town. The man In the street, who be- lieves what he hears and reads is having r. hard time understanding why the German frontier has not been thrown open fully to Sudeten Germans from the "free territory" "We want to Join Germany-cur homeland." said a spokesman :w uie provision-.! government, "but "We are asking to be taken In but the door is still shut. I under stand International negotiation are the reason Berlins reti- cence. But thousands who want to cross the border daily don't under- stand why they must show pass- ports and why we arc subject to currency restrictions which exls' t when Asch was a part of Czecho- slovakia." COME WHAT MAY, THE CZECHOSLOVAKS ARE READY CKAIN Of 1000 (.rrrie- FORTS CONMECreP BY KXDltRS. HUffC BLOCKS GtawANY AND POLAND MOtftUOW OS TANKS CCULD PASS, 6tfcSL OAlfS SPftNO CrSOUNP -TO g APPROACH... TAHK. TQiPS. fLAnteo WVTH AT 1OO-YARP THREE DEPENSive UNES AGAINST ATTACKS. Irt CARPATHIAN MOUNTAINS 3QOOO MSN COMPtETlOM OF ftAIU .T QUANTITIES OF fCOD WAQ MSAVY ARTILLERY AND RANJ6 FINDING 3 OPtfJAT-SD supwce. f Here's the situation In Czechoslovakia as Europe pre- pares for a showdown on the Sudeten German problem. The map shows how the hardy Czechs would meet any invasion, by Germany to "protect the rights" of the Germanic minor- ity. The republic's frontier Is heavily and cleverly fortaied. Military experts be- lieve that despite the compar- atively small size of the. Czech army, any Invasion across the three defensive lines would be at heavy cost. It the border were crossed, the first stand would be made about 40 miles Inside the border mountains in a love- ly region of mountain meadows. The next stand would be about 100 miles farther inland, and the third line of defense runs still farther east, alony the Vaag river in territory where the population is purely Czech. KIDNAPED BY NOLAN FUGITIVE- Youth Believed Amnesia Victim No Trace Found Of Buffalo Gap Boy In Angelo BUFFALO GAP. Sept. a third fruitless search of San Angelo for his missing 16 year old son. Ernest Simmons of Buf- falo Gap returned home tonight with no clues. The son, L. G. Sim- mons, has not been reported seen since late Saturday afternoon In San Angelo. His parents could give only one cause of his mysterious disappear- The youlh left Alpine Thursday morning about o'clock on his way home from college. He told friend.? there that he felt 111 and believed he should go home. He arrived in San Angelo Thurs- day afternoon and took a. city bus from the railroad station to the bus station. When he offered a bill to the bus driver in pay for his fare the driver told him he did not have the chance. The boy left the bus fend went into a drug store to get change. After waiting a few minutes, the bus driver drove off. The boy ap- peared the police station in San Angelo Friday morning and asked about his suitcase which had been ia left on the bus. Officers told him ,._ 1 to wait and the luggage would be turned in at the bus station during See YOUTH. PS. 10, Col. 4 The Weather Ballinger And Spur Vote School Bonds Latter Seeking Grant Bonci IWLSS were voted Monday In two West towns to match hop- Felon Is Hunted Near Bradshaw Parking Meters Prove Big Money To City; Take For First Year To Be Over It's small change to you but. big money to the city Since parking meters were Installed a year ego on September J8 motorists on Abilene have deposited 431.339 nickels in the meters. According to Bryan Ball, city treasurer, the meters have garnered date, and a three days' collection will be added to that on Wednesday. Gross expense on the meters during the 12 months has been which includes J100 a month salary- of a patrolman to keen the meters in shape and give parking tickets. Ball estimated, on the strength of past collections, that Ihe meters will be paid for In full by next June. After payments are taken from this month's total the city will owe only J10.968.69 on the meters WEST TEXAS EARLY SETTLERS. GET SPECIAL FAIR INVITATION Taylor County Association To Meet Wednesday To Arrange Participation All old settlers of West Texas have been extended special invitations from the Taylor County Old Settlrs association to attend the West Texas Free Fair on its opening day. October 3, designated pioneers day. Tom H. Bledsoe. president of the Taylor county association, said he sent invitations by Ittlers to kindred organizations of the area. Leaders of the Taylor county association will meet Wednesday after- noon at 2 o'clock in office In the Citizens National ban's build- Ing to complete arrangements for XKW ME.VIfO. 162 to 12, to S16000 In bonds. The fchool is fcekine a PWA sranl of Superintendent O C [Thomas .said, to arid !o the bond money for financing of a new high ;school bui'dir.g. At BaKingcr. vct'e was 155 to 55 for issuance of 517500 in bonds to match funds lor re- modeling of (TO primary butMings, ar.rt the aririui? of a one story addi- tion to connf-ct into one unit. The present strictures art .stonr, but the new building will be stuccoed entirely said Suner- lenricnt H. c I.vo.-J.' old settlers' participation In the fair opening next Monday. Already scheduled are a parade at 12 o'clock Monday and a special ceremony at 1 o'cloci to be broad- cast over radio station KRBC. In Ihe parade will be an ox wagon and buckjoard, wagons, and probably) an old stage coach. The proces- sion will wind Its way through the downtown section and then coi tinuc to the fair grounds. Merle Gruver. new secretary oi lhe Abilene chamber of commerce, was named secretary of the fair' association In a meeting of directors Monday morning. Two huge welco.i.e signs were erected yesterday. One w as put up on the Hicks rubber company ut> j building at Fifth and Pine streets, sponsoring the trip. Indications with the aid of the fire depart-! last night were that a large mim- x trance lo the Pine street uncfer- i Both signs rr.rasure 60 feet In width. A ncn duchcM selection wa.s Fair Boosters Go South, West me. Promising to be one of the best :on-1 of the <ive promotion trips made by the Boosters dub In interest of the West Texas Free fair, caravan I of private cars and a motor bu.s will leave here this morning for i points west and south. Members of the Abilene Uons joining the Boosters in John Buford, 35 Pries Way Out Of Jail Cell After drlriny for nearly she hours threatened with a large knife wellded b- an escaped convict. fa.u.art. McGinley. 22 year old Sweetwater ta.il driver, managed to elude his captor last night at Bradshaw. McGlnley'i cib was comman- deered yesterday afternoon by John Buford, 35, a few minutes after the convict the Sweetwater jail. Whcr Buford stopped tn Bradshaw last night shortly after 9 o'-'oct to get some cigarettes and forgot to take the car keys out Me Glnley drove off and left him afoot. Buford escaped from the Jail late yesterday afternoon while court was In session. Brought to Sweet- water fron Huntsville. where he was serving an 18-year sentence from Golems r. county, he was sen- Unced to 9 years for the armed, robbery of the Santa Pe railroad depot In Sweetwater last July 29. The robbery was committed while he was an escapee from the state prison. Yesterday afternoon he pried a bolt out of the door of the run- around in the jail and slipped through the Jar... He climbed to the roof of the four story building Three-Power Front Forged To Aid Czechs London Statement Marks Reversal Of Chamberlain's Policy For Dictators LONDON, Sept Minister Neville Chamberlain pub- hey declared today in a reply to what he called Adolf Hitler's lack of faith, that the British government was prepared to insure execution of the Anglo-French plan for cea- sion of the Sudeten areas in Czechoslovakia. rv. i fflmi.3ter said Britain was prepared to see that the plan executed with all reasonable promptitude the of issuing a person. I statement Hirer's menacing speech readyhad PU" t0 wlU Baluf the Gfinnan had read Adolf Hitler's speech and "I appreciate reference to the effort, I have mad. to sav. France would be bound to aid the republic "and Great Bri- tain and Eussia will rtand by France." It remained to determined whether France would consid- er a German march into tenland alone canse fOMirf to M o Czechoslovakia or whether an attack on Czechoslovak areas proper would be the only tig. H3J. NEGOTIATIONS CONTUVUZ Hitler's impassioned speech no; the tri-power stand slammed the door on negotiations on the German-Czechoslovak Issue and trembling Europe still had some hope (or peace. When Hitler mounted the ros- trum in Berlin to the cheers ot his followers, he knew Britain had de. elded for t first time to show an Iron hand to the welder of greater Germany. Sir Horace Wilson of the foreign office rushed to Berlin by airplane rpane the afternoon to tell Hitler of fn "j mi inner 01 the decision of the western democ- rack and Soviet Rasta to march if the nad war machine 'rolled eastward. But Europe found hope in that he did not make tS in! nouncement nuny feared waj com- nail troops were marcn- CMchoulovaXia even af Tonight's statement issued In Lon- don marked t reversal of Minister Neville chamberlain's Bel- icy of "dealing with dictators" and .rrf a. and Scrtet Russia stood definitely committed to fight for Cacho- sovakia although Prance ajid Rus- haw pledges under defensivs with ihe FRANCE TO DECIDE OHiclal quarters declined to elab- orate on the statement but it WM understood reliably Britain and Russia would let Prance declds what constituted a German attack of Czechoslovakia. This presumably meant Britain and Russia would accept France'j decision but did not rule out tha possibility of Britain attempting to influence the French. It was recalled French Premier See POWEKS, ft. It, Cat t French Civilians Evacuate Paris U. S. Embassy Advises Americans To Return Home; Troops Go To Border conditions were clamped down on _ Fra try wa the "rentiers thal lald much 0( rlni" ot soldiers m th< lhe oft and escaped -'own a fire escape to stam'-v by the ground. COMMANDEER.-; CAB Two blocks away he comman- dered the cab of Stuart MtOinlcv, ah' T.hc embassy advised all Americans to return home if Europe." W' situation prevailing in Government ministers Hayed con posts, ready Premier Edo theii Abilene business men will make the Jaunt. Leaving here M about 7 o'clock the first stop of the caravan will be Lorainc at 9 to o'clock. Rt.'t of the days .schedule iv Colo- ratio. Wes'.brook. Ccahoma, Sprln; ilunch) Sterling __. C'.y. 1.20-35: Robert Lcc. LOMXW. Sept. Bronte. Harriet 3-10-Js' Reuters. British news agen- San Angelo. Miles V30- cy from Prague today said 35: Rowena V5fl-sr Bailmcer Winters.' Bradihaw, certified to lair officials. She is Bonnie June Roberts of Gorce. Diplomats Evacuate I 22-yca.r-oM driver, I No word was heard from the two 1 until last nijht about 9 o'clock when McGinley phoned Sweet- Sre FUGITIVE, ff. 10. Col 3 Big Spring Votes On Bonds Today BIO SPRING. Sept. 26 Big Spnrig citizens tomorrow will vote on the proponed issuance of KI.S.OOO in bonds, proceeds to be in water works improvement. The bonds are to srri.-.I'.v over a period of 30 years and will bear interest at a rate not to ex- ceed fne percent. al. emergencies. Premier Edouard Daladier. bac' from conferring London with heads c! the British r concrete erfejeacts of the immi tie cabinet nence Cl orders. A drtaUnS further an already dampened Benes To Broadcast government, called the cabinet to tomorrow at the Elysce palace. Dalladier and Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet ret by air- i street plar.2 after conferring with" Brit-11( ain'j Prime Minister Neville Cf.am-! o i bcrlain ano decretory for Foreign 1 Affairs Viscount to await final development thai wc-uld turn Europe definitely to peace or war. President Ruoseveirs appeal for peace to Kelchsfuehrer Hitler of Germany and President Eduard Penes of vakia aroused Js.-ntimer.ts of g'a'ltude. not of relief, in France. The message also went to Daiidifr ChamberUn Daladier sent his tnanis for the United States executives effcr's cHrectiy frcm London. M1LITARV LEADERS TALK Confcicncc. of Gen. Maurice ol r.aticr.al defense. Brit- bulbs dimmed office lights rellectors w.-rc taken irom on boulevards: t.-ain- troops were leaving Paris eastern cities: cowr.s near SEW YORK, Sept. namn o( French mtn now prommfnt In the news are pronounced: av. G a m e 1 i n -may-link the "k- barely Uhm. li shahmb. frontier blacked out :ast i iu'. pyxs.nb'.e air raUis. si1 rht-s were in p :-s r.tro. YORK e ia make a broad- Ish two anv s .'eu to belief the open! The ev'vcation .tidy orde of schools set for Oct. 1, ol works wjntftj ;o leave le! m. vcSTi on the National, CoJuni- __ West Texans, Attend The Bigger Andi o colors and partial sold uir. for two Nulirjs. October 3 To 8!