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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 24, 1938, Abilene, Texas ■* 9 V I Says ll Duce to Italian Cheeks: ‘Prague Government Has Six Days to Find Path to Wisdom’-See Page 8 WEST TEXAS’ OWM NEWSPAPER tKfje Abilene Reporter-Bettie “WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE I UH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES/’-Byron ★ ★★ EVENING VOL LVI11, NO. 116. Clite* I* red* ICP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 24, 1938 Ai'oclated rmi IAP) PRICE FIVE CENTS IF WAR BREAKS OUT MASARYK DEAD A YEAR—HIS DREAM DIES. TOO Totalitarians Are Outnumbered By LOUIS JAY HEATH WASHINGTON, Sept. 24.—(UP)—Totalitarian powers of Europe would face a four-to-one handicap in trained military man power in event of a general war, according to military data available here today. If Czechoslovakia fights Germany alone, she will have 1.500,000 trained army men against Germany’s 2,950,000. Entrance of Hungary into such a conflict would add 70,000 more. However, the network of alliances—the Rome-Berlin axis, the London-Paris-Moscow-Prague league—may result in a war that would involve tens of millions of men. Tension throughout Europe indicates that any war is not likely to be localized. The latest figures on the comparative man power of leading European powers, considered by the War department as most reliable, are those compiled by Major R. E. Dupuy at West Point, and Major G. F. Eliot, military intelligence reserve, in 1937 for their volume ‘ If War Comes.” The book is virtually required reading for officers in the U. S. army. Dupuy and Eliot attempted no computation of total available man power. Thpy considered the best gauge of military strength to be the total men for whom arms and equipmen and supplies are available. The Soviet Russian army is the greatest unknown military factor in Europe, according to army officials. Figures by Dupuy and Eliot, admittedly estimates, are regarded as good as any. Later figures, however, placed the regular Russian army total at 1,185 noo and organized reserves at 14,059.000. Italian figures also have been revised recently placing active forces at 1,111.593, trained reserves at 5,214,386, and a separate air force of 201,326, making a grand total of 6.527,287. According to data compiled from various sources, Dupuy and Eliot in 1937 estimated the strength of European armies as follows: Country Reg. Army Reserves Total (X) Germany ..................... 2,OC-.000 2,700,000 1,250,000 Czechoslovakia ................. 1.600,000 1,800,000 500,000 Great Britain (XX) ........... 350,000 450,000 450,000 France (XXX) ................. 5,420.000 6,000,000 1,000,000 Hungarv ...................... 20.000 70,000 70.000 Poland ........................ 1.300.000 1.580.000 500.000 Roumania .................... 1.600.000 1.790.000 250.000 Italv .......................... 1.000,000 1.450.000 950,000 Yugoslavia . .................. .............. 148,000 1.200.000 1.348,000 250.000 Belgium ...................... .............. 90.000 700.000 790.000 200.000 Holland (XXXX) ............. .............. 30.000 350,000 380.000 50,000 Switzerland ................... .............. 9.000 260,000 269,000 269,000 Russia ....................... .............. 1.000.0/• 14.000.000 15.000.000 1.500,000 iXi Estimated total available at mobilization centers within four to eight days. (XX) Not including the dominions and India. (XXX) Includes North African troops and colonials garrisoned in France. tXXXX) Not including colonial forces. This picture symbolizes the death of Czechoslovakia. Czech soldiers are placing wreaths on the tomb of Thomas Masaryk In Prague on the fird, anniversary of the death of the Czech state's father. And at almost that same moment the little democracy's fair weather friends. France and Britain, were casting her adrift by capitulating to the demands of Adolf Hitler. Thus Masaryk's lifelong dream of a progressive independent democracy for the ancient Czech nation dies just a year after the death of the dreamer. ALL EUROPE MOBILIZING TROOP CZECH BABIES CAN CRY. TOO Federal Lawn Open to All— MAYOR RULES FOR TOLERANCE ON POLITICAL SPEECHES There is to be no discrimination against political speeches in Abilene regardless of their nature, Mayor W. W. Hair said this morning. Fascists. communists, or even repub- unless it has been previously en-1 gaged. •'After all.” the mayor chuckled when asked about the communist party scheduled at the federal lawn Means are to speak free in Abilene tonight, ‘‘we are still operating un-at any time and may have use of der the constitution of the United the federal lawn for their rallies States and Texas. That means that we still have the right of free speech, free assembly, and a free press. “It Is not for me to deny anyone the right to speak in Abilene. I may not believe the way to do it. but if I should start refusing them the right to speak here, it would be the end of free speech and democracy.” The communist party rally Is slated to begin at 8 o’clock tonight, when Nathan Kleban, 21, of San Antonio will present his candidacy for attorney general of Texas. Britain Prepares For I nstant Action! IGNORING POLAND. HUNGARY— Hitler’s Memo Called Conciliatory Fuehrer Gives His Last Offer Demands of Nazi Dictator Reported Less Than Before STATES FINISH PARTY SLATES THIS WEEK FOR FALL VOTING Selections In New York For Pair of Senate Seats Highlight Primaries He s safe for the time being, but this little Chinese war refugee is too unhappy to finish his bowl of rice. He and many other children and grown-ups, driven from their homes, by bombs or bullets, are quartered in a big camp near Hankow, China's temporary capital, toward which the Japanese are driving. Storm’s Death Toll Near 600 Hurricane Loss Fixed at $350,000,000; Search for Bodies Far From Completed (Copyright, 1938, by United Press) New England's disaster from hurricane, tidal waves and floods came into full realization today for the first time. The dead numbered almost 600; the damage $350,000,000: the homeless refugees 20.500. These tolls were growing rapidly as the first semblance of order was reestablished. Already, the known dead numbered 585. and the search of a 500-mile stretch of ruined shore- (Copyright, 1938, by the Associated Press) BERLIN, Sept. 24.—(AP)— A man who saw a copy of Adolf Hitler’s memorandum to Prime Minister Chamberlain WASHINGTON, Sept. 24—.Pi—, increasing speculation as to how Party slates for the forthcoming vigorously he would continue his general elections will be completed P aitlrl P ation in politics during the next week—marking the end, at Who's Sitting Upon Whom? The series «f L-man sit down strikes being staged In Abilene assumed a two-edged phase this morning shortly after the officers parked their car at 14th and Pine. J. M. Waltrip, near whose home the officers parked, returned from a trip to town with a miniature automobile, parked it In his yard and Installed two dummies in the drivers seat. Placard on the automobile read ‘‘Sit Down of The Dummies.” ‘ I certainly don’t mean anything personal by it,” Waltrip said this morning. “It’s just what It says it Is and has no persona! reference to any officer or officers.” The officers were not so sure about the matter. line still was far from complete. GUARDSMEN RULE A thousand coast guardsmen patrolled the coast where historic vil lages from Newport, R by Chamberlain and Hitler at the meeting. Eight days, the informant said, are envisaged for peaceful handing over of the Sudeten territory to Germany. The informant said he was pledged on oath not to give this correspondent direct quotations from the text of the memorandum. Hitler’s demands, he said, were even less than those made at the meeting of Hitler and Chamberlain at Berchtesgaden Sept. 15. Meanwhile, a semi-official press release observed that Hitler, in the memoradum, once more put Germany's demands in the most precise terms possible and in such a manner that It was apparent Germany did everything possible to bring about a peaceful solution. Hitler’s memorandum, the press release continued, contained suggestions for carrying out what a1- Abilene Water Rates Boosted Increase Goes Into Effect On First of Month The following new water rates go Into effect in the city of Abilene October I. Minimum. 5,000 for $1 15. All gallonage above the minimum, 20 cents per thousand. That is an increase of 15 cents in the minimum rate; 5 cents per thousand on excess gallonage. The new rate was aet by ordinance by the city rommisaion Friday afternoon, an increase having been in prospect for several months. It replaces the I • present rate of a SI minimum of 5,000 gallons, and 15 cents per * thousand above that air ount. The ordinance was passed unan- The end of the primaries, which democratic nomination ta James H. I ^ Tno !! s .'^ on ^first an< * secon< T were marked by President Roose- Fay who had the presidents sup- velt's intervention in some, brought ! port. general election campaigns. I Mr. Roosevelt has reiterated fre-least theoretically, of the summer s queitly the view that the Issues be- unprecedented primary battles tween those he calls •’liberals” and said today it wa* most rnnril ! Highlighting the wind-up of the “conservatives” must be clearly • . . j 1 concn- nominating process will be the selec- drawn. Some politicians ray they la tory in tone and gave a basis tion of candidates for New York s expect him to devote his expres-for peaceful solution. two senate seats. Republicans in sions, between now and election day. This informant said Hitler in no the empire state will name their more and more to policies, less and way included Polish and Hungarian choice in convention Tuesday and less to personalities, demands on Czecsoslovakia in the Wednesday, the democrats theirs on In terms of* personalities, the memorandum, given to Chamberlain Wednesday and Thursday. primary ‘‘purge” ended with the at Godesberg at Germany's final Nominees for ll house seats also score three to one against Mr. stand on the Czechoslovak question. I will be chosen next week—five in Roosevelt. Three senators were rein fact, the informant stated. I Connecticut district conventions, two nominated despite his opposition— these demands were not discussed I p »ch in New York and Rhode Smith of South Carolina, Tydinbs Island and one in New Mexico. An- of Maryland and George of Georgia other house contest is to be settled —but Chairman John O'Connor of in a Louisiana run-off election. 1 the house rules committee lost the Phantom Hill Dam Complete The Fort Phantom Hill dam is substantially complete, and the city of Abilene has started winding up its business witn the contractors, Cage Bros and J. C. Ruby. Engineers made their completion inspection September 19, and except for ten items related chiefly to dressing up and cleaning up the dam site the work was approved. Before acceptance of the project leady had been conceded to Ger- i s made by the city, the contractor * Uo D rit A in «-v A YTV.. n __- ,1 many by Britain and France and I., to Cape I what was accepted by the Czecho-, slovak government of Milan Hodza Cod were wrecked, and famous re- before its resignation. UP TO CZECHS. HE SAYS Hitlers memorandum, however, was said to be positively Germany s last offer, to Czecnoslavakia. It the Czechoslovaks now decline, the press release said, they would carry the responsibility for all that might follow, If the Czechs agree, peace would sorts and landmarks obit tented. In the interior. 500.000 rescue and relief workers had begun the :e-habilitation of Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Vermont. Their first task was the caring for refugees who crowded armories, schools i preserved, it stated, and public buildings. National Guardsmen ruled in most cities. There were acute shortages of food, clothing, and serums: dangers of disease and of fires breaking out as soon as the great heaps of debris had dried. There had been looting near Cape Cod. National Guardsmen fired on one gang of looters last night. Symphony Leader Likes Swing Music FORT WORTH. Sept. 24. —Jose Iturbi, concer pianist and symphony conductor, admitted today that he likes to play swing music. "I play it myself sometimes —in private,”' he said. He predicted that swing music would continue to flourish. also will be required to present an affidavit tint all labor bills and all material bills have been paid. The cleaning up listed by engineers as necessary includes additional dressing up of the dam itself, leveling up of gravel pits, leveling off the quarries, removal of debris from the intaae tower, cleaning up the camp site, R. C. Hoppe Is resident engineer, while Marvin Nichols of the Fort Worth firm of Hawley, Freese and Nichols has been acting as consult-ing engineer. , | Paid to the contractor to date is $209,330 while $23,258.89 has been retained as the IO per cent to be paid off on final completion and (UP) acceptance of the project. The city has not received the Septem-i ber estimate. The contract was for 1230,000. but was on a unit basis, j been estimated the total project I will run between $6,000 and $10,-000 more than the contract figure. reading at yesterday^ meeting, on motion of Commissioner George Morris and second by Commissioner Lucian Webb. Commissioner L. A Sadler asked that the city secretary qualify his vote in the record by writing after it, "as an emergency measure only." REASONS Mayor Will 'Hair cited three reasons why water rate increases were necessary: “I. Citizens of Abilene voted $600,000 in revenue bonds in March. 1937, and these bonds have been sold and must be paid off. That requires $36,000 per year formerly used for other purposes. "Citizens expect us to keep up the departments of the city efficiently, and we can’t do it unless we get back that revenue. If we do not get It back, we could rut off two, three or four men in the police department, and so cm A soaring wheat market, paced by around. But the city cannot do that and give the service which its citizens expect. • 2 Wave of Sales Strikes Stocks NEW YORK Sept. 24—Upi—A wave of selling at the opening depressed stocks sharply today as Europe girded for war but the market quickly steadied. Initial losses of one to more than three points in leading shares were pared a bit when liquidation thinned out before the end of the first hour. a swift rise in Liverpool grain prices, was a renter of speculation on chances of war. Bonds declined with stocks. A shift into cash for emergencies was apparent in a further decline in foreign currencies against the dollar and brisk demand for gold in London. Czechs to Stage Rally In Texas Abilene public schools to operate as efficiently this year as in the past must have $102,000 from taxes this year, plus approximately $18,000 which it has A , been estimated will come in in de- ''fTlGriCOn L6QOtlOn linquent taxes for schools. On the CT. basis of valuations of $18,000,000 K Cady TO CVaCUOte and 90 per cent tax collections this year, th) school levy of 50.68 Is Chamberlain Presents Reichsfuehrer's "Final' Demands to London Cabinet; lf Unaccepted, Nazi Troops' March Near BERLIN, Sept. 24—(UP)—Germany has no intention of guaranteeing the borders of the Czechoslovak!.) against self-determination claims of other nationalities, authoritative sources said today. The subject was not mentioned in a summary of Adolf Hitler’s memorandum to Czechoslovakia which the foreign press received today. The summary outlined the procedure for German occupation of certain Sudeten areas and aet October I as the deadline for withdrawal of Czech troops and police from those areas. The question of guarantees was discussed in another outline made available to the press. By United Press Europe’s fighting: forces prepared for war today whili diplomats struggled for agreement on a peaceful solution of tin crisis over Czechoslovakia. Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain returned to Londoi with Chancellor Adolf Hitler's “final” demands for the dis-l memberment of the Czech republic. If they can be made accept-! able to Great Britain and France, with the Czechs concurring) war may be averted. If not, there appears to be imminent danj ger that Germany’s troops will march on Czechoslovakia. Boti countries are prepared. As the British cabinet met to hear Chamberlain’s report or his second visit to Hitler in Germany, mobilization orders wen! into effect in various forms in France and Belgium, and don prepared to mobilize Great Britain’s armed forces on a moment's notice. Major developments: Paris : Government orders partial mobilization of army, navy and air forces, drawing from her 5,500,000 trained reserves. London: British high command prepares plans for instant mobilization of all armed forces by land, sea and a ir. Prime Minister Neville Cnamber-latn returns by air from Godesberg to confer with cabinet and present ‘‘final offer” to Czechoslovakia. CZECH ARMY READY Geneva: Great Britain sounds out possible allies among foreign delegates to the League of Nations. BUCHAREST: Roumanian government completes arrangements for immediate mobilization of armed forces. Prague: Czechoslovakia be comes armed nation with approximately 2,000,000 fighting men mobilized. Padua: Premier Benito Mussolini of Italy one week to answer Hitlers proposals. BERLIN: Reliable quarters say Hitler's "final proposal” stipulates that Czechoslovakia must indicate by October I its intention to withdraw Czecho troops from Sudeten areas to be ceded to Germany. BRUSSELS: Belgium mobolizes military ana technical units of the army, and the 1937 militia class of the armary regiment. WASHINGTON: Official Wash ington watches tense European situation with anxiety; maintains silence over war moves. to do so. The Hungarian-Czechoslovak bori der was closed Czechoslovakia and Hungary rushed military prepara] tions in the frontier area. All highways, railroad and tele] phone service between Czechosioj vakia and Hungary was discontinl lied as the Czechoslovak army movl ed strong reenforcemcnts into po? sition along the border. At sunrise, according to report reaching Budapest, the entire tier appeared to be a solid wall o| barbed wire, steel and concrete. Fair Committee Works on Plans wholly Insufficient to secure the HOUSTON. Sept. 24— (UP) —C. $102,000. The 50 68 cents is legally H Chemosky, chairman of the rh the levy which could be made American Associaiton of Czecho- for school maintenance, because slovaks, completed arrangements go cents is the charter limit for schools, and 29 32 of this had to be “If a levy for school maintenance of 63 cents could have been made legally, it would have been pos-levted for school bond sinking funds. This to provide the propor- today for a state-wide meeting of Czechs at East Bernard tomorrow Means of giving “moral and mali-‘al ald” to Czechoslovakia in the It has J European crisis will be devised, Chernosky said. V. A. Maudr. Houston cotton man, will be chairman of the meeting. See WATER RATES. Pg. 8. Col. Committeemen of the Abilen] chamber of commerce and the Abil lene Travelinb Mens association met at the chamber of commerce warns that Czechs have: office a; IO o’clock this morning Object of Hie meeting was to out detailed plans for the luncheon Saturday. October 8. when the C C will be host to the traveling mer The luncheon is to be held at park in connection with Travel! ing Mens day at the West Texa] Free fair. Russell Stephens. Vie Behrer Jesse Winters and E. T. Parker are members of the host commit! tee. Parker is also chairman o| the traveling men’s committee. In other phases of the fair plat Monday, October 3. was designate Pioneer day and Taylor County Old Settler's Reunion day T. A. Bled] soe. president of the reunion, is td work out plans for a special pro] gram for the old settlers. The 12th duchess for the Texal Cotton Festival was announced thil morning. She is Ruby Hendrick oj Loraine. Monday, the general fair board is to meet at 9 o clock at the cham] ber of commerce for a complete review of the fair situation, mediately following the genet meeting, all division superintend] ents of the fair are to meet wit! the board members to outline retal plans and prepare for the fini rush of activity before the fair gins. BUDAPEST. Sept. 24.—.TW-Th* American legation in Budapest had a train ready today to evacuate United States citizens in any emergency. I The British legation made sim«\ liar preparations, j The American train was ready I to leave Immediately for the coast, j (Trieste. Italy, on the Adriatic sea is the nearest port.) The legation advised all Amerl-I can citizens in Hungary to leave 7 Immediately if they could manage There’ll Be More to See, More to Do Than Ever Before-At West Texas Free Fair, Abilene, Oct. 3-1
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