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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 20, 1938, Abilene, Texas WMjTTlUr HEWSMKR Abilene Reporter "WITHOUT. OR OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR J'OE.S SKE'JUJ VOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS VOL. 112. ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 20, PAGES PRICE FIVE CENTS Who's Who In Europe As Statesmen Seek To Avert Another War ADOLF HIT- LER, one- tlme Austrian house painter with power of life and dealh over Germans, de- mands right and justice for Germans in Czechoslovakia, talks of war If Czechs d o n M give in to thr- Sudetens. VONRAD HENLEIN, gymnastic in- structor >nd war veteran. He began the Sudden G tr- man movement, in the Turnve- rein societies of Bohemia. To- day, the puppet leader is Hen- 1 e I n but the power behind him it Hitler. P D U A R T) E E N E S, once a village schoolmaster, is the second pres- ident of the 20- year-old repub- lic of Czecho- slovakia. His beleagu ered country is tightly wedged between bellig- erent dictator stales, but it ready to fight. WALTER RU.NC I- MAN, baronet, is a sea dog. His father ij E n g 1 a n d i greatest ship- ping master. A Liberal, he was in Parliament al 20. Today he represents Brit- ain In Prague, trying to con- ciliate and Sudetens. E V I L L E LAIN, Prime Minister of England, has adopted a firmer hand with the dicta- tors. No orator, he speaks a great deal. Coolest head in Europe, he goes fishing when war seems in- evitable. TV E V I L HENDER- SON left Eton to become an attache of the British embassy at the court of the Czars in SI. Petersburg. To- day the Rt. Hon. Sir N e v i I e ii British ambas- sador to Berlin, key post in the puzzle of, Europe. DOUARD DALAD1ER is the Coolidge of Prance, mak- ing only three speeches In one year as pre- mier. His polit- ical career be- gan with his election to the Chamber o[ Deputies, Armi- stice Day. 1919. He b a c ki up the Czechs. TJ E N I T O' MUSSOU- NI. blacksmith's son who rules Italy. Affirmed buddy of Hit- ler, he now lis- ten s glumly, may wonder when Hitler will ask justice for Germans in the Ty- rol. He wasn't pleased about Austria. CZECHS REFUSE DISMEMBERMENT TRADE Storm Veering From Florida Ship Captain Reports Disturbance Covers An Area 240 Miles In Width JACKSONVILLE. Sept. weather bureau reported tonight, m tropical hurricane in the Atlantic ocean had changed Us course and the "storm threat to the Florida east coast has greatly di- minished." In a 8 pjn. ICST) advisory, the bureau said the storm, described BS severe, had turned northwestward and "will probably recurve north northwestward or northward" during the next 24 hours. The change apparently took place this afternoon after the hurricane had moved directly toward Viorlda east coast at a raptd pace. The brjreau said the disturbance was centered at 7 p.m. about 420 miles due east of Miami, "attended by gales and squMls over large area and by hurricane winds near cen- ter." A report from one ship that rode out the storm In the West Indies last night said the disturbance cov- ered an area 240 miles In width. Earlier today, when advices Indi- cated the storm was threatening to strike the Florida mainland tomor- row, workers on land and sea mov- ed swiftly to minimize dangers of the menace. A state-wide emergency relief or- ganization and trie Red Cross aug- mented the efforts of private resi- dents to prepare for any eventual- ity. Shipping took to cover. Water- front property was battered down. Public buildings were made ready to serve as shelters. Business and residential property was boarded up to protect It against high winds, flytng debris and heavy rains. The coast guard sent two radio trucks to Lake Worth, Fll., to relief organizations with emergen- cy communications should wire fa- cilities be disrupted. Arthur B. Hale, chairman of the state road department and director of the combined relief agencies, said rescue squads, first aid supplier, rail, motor or boat evacuation fa- cilities and emergency supplies tor re I u gees could be sent Into any directed area on short notice. Padlock Injunction Being Corrected Due to an error in prepara- tion oi a petition for Injunc- tion to padlock a housa at North First and Graham streets. W. G. Lankford was Incorrect- ly named as one of the men against whom the padlocking injunction Is sought. The peti- tion named Herman O'Rear and Lanktord but officers later learned that Lankford U In no manner conntcled with the North First and Graham street premises, neither as owner nor occupant. The petition Is being correct- ed and according to court at- taches, a corrected document will be filed In Ki district court today. Lank-ford resides at 2113 North First and with his fath- er, c. S. Lankford. operate the Fairy Form Manufactures company. 2M1 North Second. Eyston Plans New Auto Speed Trial BONNEVILLE SALT FLATS Utah. Sept. by a secret ambition to hold every world land record al one time. Cap- tain George E. T. Eyston. quiet re- tired British arm) officer, rushed plans today for another lightning- like ride across this lake bf', Wed- nesday. The Weather Bottles Planned For Milk Fund Shows, Dances Also Slated To Raise Money "Grve to ihe milk fund." Within the next few days, that sign will confront Abllenlnns each Ume they reach for their pocket- books In local business houses. At a director's meeting of the Boosters club last night at the Woolen hotel, plans were completed to place a "milk fund bottle" In even' business house In Abilene. The pennies, nickels and dimes collected will ro lo auj- ment the Parent-Teacher's as- sociation drive fo provide un- dernourished school children wih milk during the winter. j-nr was riven by Individuals and organizations to Ihe fund. This year the Abilene Reporter-News, the P.T.A and United Welfare association will be aided bj efforts of the Boosters club. In addition to the money that come from individual donations and the "rnllk fund the Boosters and other service and civic organizations will sponsor shows dances, and entertainments to raise money. The Boosters will start the enter- tainment program off with a bene- fit show- sometime In October Dur- ing the winter the Rotary club plans to another pancake supper Last year a pancake supper raised more than S500 for the fund CHECKS INVITED Persons wishing to make per- sonal donations may do so by send- ing checks to Jfrs. Edith C. smith, high school student counsellor and secretary of the fund. Each month the United Welfare will notify Mrs. Smlth of amount of milk needed and she will order It from local creameries The milk h delivered by dairies and creameries directly lo ihe homes of the children. TbLs morning the Boosters bottle committees win start distribution of the milk bottles with the signs reading "Give, to the milk fund." Newel Thomson, chairman of the committees, said last r.ishl that at least 100 bottles would be distributed hrough the day. Before the week M h0pei to have m bot- tles distributed over town Boltles for ths fund are bem? lurnlshed by the Longhorn Pane- burn and Banner creameries Members of the bottle committees will have chaige of placing bottles See M.ILK FUND, Tf. 10. Col. S Noted Star Of Stage, Silent Pictures Dies Pauline Frederick Under Treatment Since Last Friday BEVERLY HILLS, Calif., Sept. famous star of the stage and silent pic- tures, died at her home today, ap- parently from an asthma and heart ailment. She was S3 years old. Miss Frederick was first strick- en last Friday and had been un- der the care of a nurse and Dr. J. J. Kirchoff. The physician and Mrs. George the actress' aunt, were at her bedside. Miss Frederick was known on the Britain Plagued By Czech Delay PAULINE FREDERICK stage as "the girl with the lopaz eyes." Her private life was not so happy nor successful. 3he had five mar- riage ventures, all of them ending in divorce or the death of spouse. Miss Frederick sis bon. Pauline Libbey in Boston. Mass., Aug 12 1B85. Among her jutstanding stage dramas were: "Joseph and his brothers." "In- nocent." "Samson" and "When Knights Were Bold." I When -talking pictures came in. she was signed by Warner Broth- ers for "On "Evidence" and "The Sacred Flame." She played in Social Register" for Columbia in 153-1 and Marriage" for Twentieth-Century Fox in 1935. Hitler Demands London's Reply By Wednesday LONDON, Sept. urgent. 1y prodded by Germany to pro- duce a solution of the Czech- Sudeten problem immediately, was growing embarrassed to. day by Czechoslovakia's failure to agree promptly to French- British proposals for surrender of the Sudeten areas. STAY POSTPONE TRIP It was freely reported In London that Adolf Hitler has asked Prime Minister Chamberlain to meet the German demands by tomorrow Unless Czechoslovakia agrees soon to accept the plan calling for out- right cession of Sudetenland and a seven-power guarantee of her new frontiers, however, Chamberlain may have to postpone his trip to Godesbeig. ,rlp st was seml_ officially TOnounced in Berlin was planned for Wednesday. Great Britain and France by ap- proval by their cabinets yesterday of the formula reached early yes- terday, formally called on Czecho- s ovakia to make the necessary sac- I rlflces to appease Hitler. But it was generally believed Chamberlain would not dare go to aodesberg and openly deal away Czechoslovak territory without the Prague governments permission, even though Britain and Prance have reached an accord on the problem. Should Chamberlain have to wait until President Eduard Benes con- venes the Czechoslovak parliament it was feared Hitler might Increase See BRITAIN, Pg. 10. Col. 3 Czechoslovakia To Ask Chance To Plead Case PARIS, Sept. Czechoslovakia will ask for a chance to plead her side of the case before giving Britain and France a. definite answer on their plan to cede her Sudeten area to Germany, it was learn- ed on good authority tonight. A source in closest touch with Prague said the Czechoslovak, re- ply, neither flatly rejecting nor ac- cepting the proposals advanced to- day by the two powers would be delivered in London tomorrow. Since Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain flew to Berehtesgaden to hear Adolf Hitler's side of the Czechoslovak-Sudeten German dis- pute, this source said, the Czecho- slovak government's reply would contend that in all fairness ths western democracies should give equal attention to its. objections. This move 'was jjy Czechoslovak circles In Parts'as throwing the Sudeten problem back Into the hands of the French and British governments who today through their cabinets approved proposals formulated at a confer- ence of their premiers In Txmdon yesterday to surrender the Sudeten areas to Hitler. Prague hoped, it was said, to gain time by this maneuver. It was [earned the Czechoslovak minister. Stephen Osusfcy, asked Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet flatly: "Is France ready to honor her signature on the Franco- Czechoslovak treaty in case of nari aggression Bonnet was reported to have re- See FRANCE, Pt. 10, Col. 5 Borah Assails LEGION FAVORS ARMED PEACE TO KEEP NAIION OUT OF WAR Keynoter Walsh Calls For Legion To Push 'Peace And Democracy At Home' Disputes Enliven LCRA Hearing AUSTIN. Sept. special senate committee inquired into electric power policies of the Lower Colorado River authority in a ses- sion today eri'.ivenccl by spirited controversies between committee- men and attorneys. At one stage ol the hearing i Everett L. Loonry. who said he rep- resented a group o! Austin citizens i stated Albert Stone i of Brenham to be more intcrcs'fd in protectinz power companies from competition than in protecting farmers from floods. ARH.FNF. Unr) i: 1ST Fulr Tuif fiTitfr tn mntrntt Mivi iir.Mr.i. I UH. I I ml WITH MOTORCADE AS Boosters Swing Out Wednesday In First Of Five Trips Advertising Westex Fair world democracy, but lor peace and democracy at home here in Amer- j lea." National Commander Daniel J. Doherty reported that today there are 972.933 members of the legion. pointed to the legion's Ameri- anism commission activities as "of greater import now than at any time in the history of the lesion." The Tour-day convention na.s geared for action on policies and plans without the usual problems of election and selecting a next year convention city. Prcconvention ac- tion found Stephen F. Chadaii or Sc.itlle uoppostcl for national com- mander, and Chicago the choice for the 1935 convention. Following the openin; session In the morninf Ihe convention com- mittees wen; to work. Most or the delegates however were thinking of tomorrow-......The bi? parade. HOI R Members of the Abilene Boosters' dull will swing out on the lirst of live molor bus trips lo advertise Ihe West Texas Free Fair Wed- nesday morning. In addition to !hc five motor bus trips by the club, the Traveling Men's association, cooperation with the Boosters, will sponsor a motor cavalcade made up of pri- vate automobiles on Wednesday- Sept. 28. in the Immediate Abllcrie j trade territory. I Several Abilene organizations i hnvc askpd to ne'.p the Boasters on I certain days in Ihe drive in advrr- I :lse the fair. The Lions club will J co-.sponsor nrr trip Arrangement wcr, at boairi of ri ins of ih- Boosters have a n njofor on :iip band will b? take: First excursion Boosters to towr.s Abilene. The rit-'.c. here a! 7.10 o'c'inc Src TKITPERS. Ihr t ol leave visltin; Fll; r-- PJJ. 10, tnl, 6 i Dentist Acquitted In 'Drunk Driving Cose A VM distort Jurv Monrtv. j cmrriT) In.sfnictod vi-rd-ct of not suilty in of Dr. E w Crow. rharsed with nriv.r.i while intoxicated. After prrsrnlatlf :i rr fr.-t- IX.s'.r.rt Atlnrney BUrk withdrew his announcement of rcaciy for trial and dismissed prose- cution. for Dr. Crow, noiv- ever, asked that Judse M. S Lous tho i'.iry to enter a of not Knilty. T'nu was du'.e Henry Cleveland, nrcro. vsns trncrd 'TO scirs fhp tiary (or burlbrv rn'rnns a lot fuilry jude Lcri I Floats Entered I In Fair Parade Parade committeemen of the West Texas Free Fair met at the cham- ber of commerce last night to check efforts to date and found lhat the rcspon-c had been far better than I at the fame time last year. entries are already assured in the decorated floats division u! the Royal Cotton parade, which will be s'.ased Tuesday. Oclob-r 4. They ire: Continental oil com- pany. National Thespian club oj Abilene high school. Rotary ministerial alliance. New Fincher hotel. Lions club. McMurry college and (he Kniehts of Pythias. Er.uifi in other divisions are- Semi-decoral'd ['.oats-Coca. Cola Bo'.tlir.? company. We.st Collins Music Co. New Commercial finals ery. Phllpmt S K clarV: hardware. Mo- tor company. Furiier Goodvesr T.rr rompany. oix Type- writer rsc'iiansc. Banner creamery. C'nrmic.V, compar.v, and Ecnr.riniv cc-mp.inv. Men.; 35 L'm'ecl ters o! Confederacy. Your.; nr'iVs asjociav.cn. Decor.iu-d cars-Kiwanis Present at ;a.M iv.fhfs commit- ao.-f ill run Rmfcil. .Jim and. I H. co-chairman. Aid In Europe Warns U. S. To Expect Deluge Of Propaganda WASHINGTON. Sept A roar of Indignation came from Senator Borah, aging "Lion of Ida- ho." when he heard today that Leon Blum, ex-premier of France, had suggested that Presldnt Roose- velt use his prestige to help solve the European tangle. "Wnat such suggestions really mean." he told reporters, "is that the United States Involve itself in European contro- versies and fur- nish the money and men which may be neces- sary in case of war. "It would have been more in harmony with that national honor, so often exemplified In French history, had Mr. Blum given his atten- tion to the fact that Prance has 3 solemn treaty with Czechoslovakia to come to the rescue and Instead of advising the United States as u> her duty, had advised his own peo- ple to courageously stand by their treaty, "France was most instrumental of all nations In creating the little democracy of Czechoslovakia. She later gave her a solemn promise to come to her rescue In case of trou- ble. That would seem to be the matter to which the ex-premier should give his attention In this critical hour of Czechoslovakia's life. "The people of cht; country may now look forward to a deluge of propaganda seeking to Involve the United States In these controversies, all in the name of peace. They call it peace to get us in. But after we get In. it Is war." Borah prefaced his leraarks by saying that the apparent consent of Britain and Prance to dismem- ber Czechoslovakia "extraordi- nary as this may not this country's affair. S. HOLDS ALOOF It was said at the state depart- ment, meantime, that the United States government was not prefer- ring advice to any government re- garding the European crisis. This tended to encourage the Irn- prcssion that the administration WM keeping aloof from the con- impression conveyed previously by President Roosevelt's recent statement at a press confer- ence that Interpretations that this country was linked morally with! other powers in a "Stop Hitler" movement were 100 per cent wrong.' Robert Lee Asks Of PWA FORT WORTH. Sept. plications (ile.1 today In the fifth PWA rcjion included one Robert Coke county, askln? SlOO.Mv) ;or a courthouse and Jail project. I French Cabinet Stays Pressure Czechoslovak Ministers Stand Firm Against British-French Proposal To Cede Sudeten Districts To Germany PRAGUE, Sept. often re. garded as a spokesman for ths Czechoslovak foreign office de. clared today the Franco-British proposals for splitting the na- ton 3 territory to appease Adolf Hitler was unacceptable to tha Prague government. Thei authoritative newspaper, Lidova Noviny, whose diplo- matic tditor, Hubert Rripka, often reflects the foreign office viewpoint declared: "If the gearanfcej of borders made ni 20 years ago are invalid today what assurance have we that promises made now will be kept in the The newspaper's comment came as other sources usually having access to government information, indicated the ment would consider the Lon------------------------ don proposals but only u iasis of further negotiation. 12-HOUR SESSION After a nearly 12-hour session of the cabinet ministers, it WM Indi- cated In sources close to the gov- ernment, that the aisljtance of the Czech's French iwd not en- tirely disappeared In the excite- ment of British Prime Minister Chamberlain's tfforto to produce settlement. These sources said as the cabinet meeting broke up at p. m. that two new developments threw a lit- tie sunlight Into the otherwise, gloom situation: 1. A majority al the cabinet stood firmly aialrut Hitler's purported suijcslion that an cities which live the Sudeten German party, outlawed, a 70 per cent or more plurality in the lait municipal election] be handed over automatieallT to the Reich. 2. The French cabinet wii understood here lo be exercis- ing no pressure on Czecho- slovakia lo accept the Franeo- Brilish program. Semi-official Information reach- Ing here, from Paris said the French were caught between these alter- natives: either to agree at least to formulation ol the fuehrer's sug- gestions, ur accept the fact that the British could not be consid- ered as potential fighters on the side of Prance and Czechoslovakia If war comes. FRENCH COURSE UNCERTAIN In this situation, it was said, the French Premier Kdouard Daladier had replied by taking the surren- der plan back to Paris for discus- sion, but what he did not do was to promise Britain he would at- tempt to force Its acceptance upon Czechoslovakia. With this understanding, the Czechoslovak cabinet maintained a strong stand against the proposal with all elemenls of the govern- ment united. The agrarian representatives were reported to be leading opposi- tion lo acceptance and were even urging passag of additional orders to strengthen th already stringent measures to maintain petce in the country. The sole official word, however. on the trend of Ihe cabi- net deliberations wa.? the declara- tion by Premier Milan Hoclza to the interim parliamentary com- mittee: "The Czechoslovak government the problem with the earnestness lhat the present I Czechs Ask Aid Of Soviet Russia Leaguers Invite Japan To Sit In On Sino Hearing GENEVA, Sept. 0- slovafcla was reported to have fall- en back on Soviet Russia tonight In the hope that Moscow might back her up against French and. British pressure to give t.cr Sude- tenland to Germany. Foreign Commissar Maxim Lit- vlnoff of Russia was said Jo sent to Moscow a Czechoslovak re- quest for support delivered to hia delegation earlier In the day by Edouard Heldrich. Czechoslovak MOSCOW, Sept. The attitude of Soviet Russia, bil question mark In the CiMhojtovak crisis, remained an official secret lonljht. Under terms of Soviet- Crechostovak treaty of alliance. Russia Is pledged to aid Czechoslovakia if she were In- vaded and If France gave aid first. An Important question tonight wis what Russia would do if Citchoslovakia were In- vaded and France failed to help. foreign office e.tperL Both Russian and Czechoslovak officials flatly refused to (jive any details of a talk Heldrich earlier had with Jacob Surttz. Soviet am- bassador to 'France, and they de- Heidrich talked with Lltvinolf. Geneva's Interest In the Czecho- slovak crisis, meanwhile, eclipsed the action of the League of Na- tions council today In unanimously agreeing to Invite Japan to sit wim It while discussing China's demand that the league act against Tokyo. This set the rusty puni- tive machinery in motion for the first time since the 1 jlo-EL-.iopian war and it was the first time A had moved againsc Japan. Boruch Returns NEW YORK. nard Baruch. arriving from all tonight, declined to confirm reports 1 he had been requested to return by President Roosevelt to orsar.tre a See CZECHS Tf. 10, CoL I national defence system. Trt DO 1C j Kt WHINl! IO PRAGUE---- NEW DEFENSES BACK 'CZECH MAGINOI LINE' Ti-.r G c: rn A n Frontier pr. 13-- Ofyho.-lov.ik rnsti'f ci's Iiave ;hp aimv fuhtin? drop the nihfr Than pin hopfs on the fron- tier fort i float TO.; A year Ihrre prr- Inn llnri of htary fim positions. Today thrre exists a Cfimpttx of rmptacftnrnl rnUnKlfmrnH which strelrh from the bnrctrr all thp way to thr iPrzxuf it 60 mil air-linr from this ntction.i '-r.-rirn nf Link linr-, anrl Mrtl'lrr'. 1 jitrs ir> a separate unit. Yet UK rn.iri- sworn ii co-ordinated to, toward Ihe natural ap- the Ironr and boih sides n-iih I pnMchrj dnnn Itie villct'i a proleciive fire if an Invicim? i armv ever in pujhmg In the valley sod-coicrfd :he Czech M.lsmot lir.c." hidden or
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