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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 17, 1938, Abilene, Texas WEST TEXAS' OWM NEWSPAPER VOL. LVIII, NO. 109. "WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 17, PAGES PRICE FIVE CENTS CZECHOSLOVAKIA TO REFUSE PLEBISCITE EUROPE BARGAINS FOR MORE THAN PEACE IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA Editor's note: In the following dispatch, the long range objective.1 of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's efforts to pacify ll.e critical Czechoslovak by the hour-to-hom- excitement and drama of the last few set forth. (Copyrlthf, 133S, By Press.) Europe's rulers are bargaining today for a great deal more than the price of peace. They are being presscd-under tlic leadership of Britain's Prime Minister Neville a decision on whether th- peace and security of the continent and probably of the ivorld can be stabilized over a long period. The alternative would be a series or crises and compromises and eventual catastrophe. Almost wlthoul choice, the conservative Chamberlain has been forced lo shoulder lhe burden of seeking firm ground upon which Europe may be hauled from Ihe war which many fear would end only In Ibe collapse o( civilization. Hislorv has chosen an age when moil men are dropping lhe burdens of become either tht "Savior of Europe" or Just another man who tried and failed. Vital as is lhe Immediate question of war or peace In Czccho- WITH ANNEXATION OF SUDETENLAND- Slovakia it Is secondary In Chamberlain's long-range program The task of this hour Is to see (hat Europe's armies do not march But the British prime minister Is too shrewd to pass up an opportunity at the same time, of trying to turn the Immediate threat of war Ino a step toward security for tomorron-. Thus, the meeting of Chamberlain with Fuehrer Adolf Hitler at and their meeting to must not be taken only as the spectacle of a British prime minister rushing to the Bavarian mountains lo ask a dictator not to juggle dynamite. The meeting at Berchlestaden fits into the program which Chamberlain has- pursued from the beginning of his "realistic" campaign lo stabilize peace. And la appreciate Us without regard lo the wisdom of you must look at the Milire picture, with particular reference to the modern trend toward Ideological conflict. Time was when conflict sprang only from the rivalries o[ defi- nite nationalities. But in modern times. Soviet Russia. Italy, Germany lirst liquidated their Ideological foes at home; then went to war In Spain for definite fascist or socialist objectives. Opposing ideologies were at war Informally, without regard tor the rules or for national boundaries. The democracies-Britain because of economic trouble and France unm became apparent that a major explosion only a matter of time. Sentiment In both countries was harply divided as to the Spanish war. Neither France nor Brtlain worried because Italy conquered Ethiopia. Neither would Ind cause for war in whatever fate befell the Sudeten Germans or tor that matter, all of Czechoslovakia were It not for French com- mitments. Bui Ihe Inexorable march of events have caught up with the democratic powers. Particularly, U has caujbt up with Great Brllaln which has the most lo lose in any a victorious war. It was In cl cumitancei Ibat, last winter, Chamberlain decided that Ihe only hope of avoiding disaster wai lo eul lo the root of the evil; lo make It possible for opposing Ideologies to eiist together in peace; for democracies lo deal with dictators France Joined him. Italy agreed in part, only to have that achievement nullified by continuation of the Spanish war. The real test of the entire program Is whether Germany will cooperate The price of that cooperation towards stabilization or peace gen- lust in the Sudeten what Chamberlain is teek- ing now. It will decide his ultimate success or failure. Hitler Demanding Czech Protectorate Cabinet To Meet' Today To Decide On Nazi Terms LONDON, Sept. Prime Minister Neville Cham- berlaia reported to King George VI tonight on M> toric visit to ReichsfueUrer Adolf Hitler and summoned the cabinet to meet tomorrow to decide whether nari Urmj for peace could be met. MINISTER CHEERFUL --Tired but cheerful-aflw-hls-dash to BerchUscadcn. Chamberlain de- clared on his return from the con- ference with the German chancel- lor: "I feel satisfied now that each nf us fully understand! what Is In the mind of the oiher." "Later on, perhaps in a few he added, "I am going lo have another talk with Ilerr Miller." 'In Berlin a source In contact with high officials ot the German chancellery said that Hitler now demands not only annexation of the Sudeten German region of Czechoslovakia but a virtual pro- tectorate over all of the war-created republic.) The prime minister left here yes- lerday and on his return landed at p.m. a.m. CTI. RIINCIJM.V RETURN Viscount Runciman. unofficial British mediator In the Czechoslo- vak minority dispute, reached Lon- don from Prague [o report person- ally on his mission. The prime minister and Foreign Secretary Viscount Halifax speeded to No, 10 Downing street where the "inner cabinet1' quickly heard a re- port on the Bcrchtcsgaden confer- ence. They were joined by Viscounl Runciman who hart been urgently summoned back from Prague where for weeks he had been trying to work out a peaceful settlement. lord Runciman at Croydon declared "il is a very delicale situation." "II ii en the knew of Ihe he added. The cabinet was summoned lo meet at 11 a.m. late day near r.ortii of .Jrr'i- salcm. afirr the pilot o[ a scout.n? '.P-ans .-eiora! hu.-.dred arm- ed Arab.s and summoned 12 other II ,craf; Eyston Regains Speed Laurels BONNEVILLE SALT FLATS. Utah, Sept. George E. T. Eyston erased John Cobb's 24- hour-old world land speed record today with a new mark of 357.5 miles per hour, whereupon Cobb an- nounced their diziy duel was ended. But Eyston is not satisfied at driving an automobile nearly sli miles a minute. He said he may try again next week, presumably In an effort to boost the clip above 360. Two flashing runs by Eyston's j "Thunderbolt" on the glaring salt .course regained for him the speed crown Cobb wrested away yesterday with an aerage of 3o0.2. Eyston made the north run at 1346.14 miles per hour and return- ed at 3o8 57. requiring but IQ.fM seconds for the measured mile In J the center of Ihe U-mlle coursff and j reaching a velocity of 525 !eet per comparable to the Too feel second muzzle velocity of an ordinary .45 caliber revolver bullet. Issue Is Report Expect Fuehrer To Curb Moves Pending Parley (Coypright, 1938, by The Aj. sociated Press) BEELIN, Sept. in contact with high officials of the chancellery 2 aid today Beichsfuehrer Hitler now demands not only annexation of fiudetenland but a virtual protectorate over all of Czech- oslovakia. Outright mjton. between the Czechoslovak In whleh'Tnost of the 3JOO.OO Sudeten German minority live, alone would nal satisfy the fuehrer, this in- formant said. This source had talked high chancellery- it Berchtes- gaden where the German chancel- lor and. British Prune Minister Neville Chamberlain held their man- to-man Ulk yesterday. He outlined Hitler's present de- mands as follows: 1. Cession to Germany of oMovikia'j Sndenten German area. 2. Binding assanncea thai fortijn policy will not out of harm on T wllh Germany's. (France and the Soviet Union are bound to in defensive Goering Improves BERLIN. Sept. '.p-The of- fice of Field Marsha] Hermann Wll- hetm Goering salrt today that his condition keeps improving. He Is Jufftnn; a leg Infection. Gold Star Day WASHINGTON. Sept 16- _ By proclamation of Prolcient i September 25 will be Go'.d Star Mother's rUv. i Coordirullon, after annexa- tion of Sodetenland, of whit Ij left of CwhwloTikia with the German economic at least that there would be no ecenomlc policy which woald run counter to Germany's, It WAS jay that under the last point, for example, Germany must have the decisive word to say about the output of skoda munitions works and the consignment of this output. The informant was of the opinion that anjchluss (union) between Germany and Sudetenland is not even regarded by Hitler as lhe Is- sue. Annexation of the Germanic min- ority by the German relch was Hit- ler's starting point from which ill other outstjonj as procedure under which annexation might be effected without war. Apparently Chamberlain camel prepared to concede some form of; anchhiss when he flew from London) yesterday and had a "frank ex-' change o! views" with Hitler at his I Bavarian mounlain chalet It was stated. i The British prime minLUer back lo London this afternoon to consult his cabinet before "a new: conversation takes place within a! few a brief communique from Berchttsgaden had unnounc-' ed. Until Chamberlain make another! contact with Hitler, according to all appearances the fuehrer will refrain! [from making any extreme move in the dispute with Czechoslovakia. The next HIMer-Chamberiain con- (versatioru passibiy will take place I next TuexUy at ne.ir Cologne. Czechs Order Dissolution Of Sudeten Party Minister Declares Plebiscite Would Be 'Shortcut To Sudeten Data Seized PBAGUE, Sept. Czechoslovak cabinet mem- her tonight warned that Czechoslovakia would not arree to anr plebiscite to determine what done with the Sudeten Qerman minority, The statement was made by Minister of Railway! Eudolf Bechyne, who declared "a plebiscite would be a shortcut to war. Bechyne on past occasions has acted as premier the absence of Premier Milan Hodxa. His declaration officially notice that would not permit dismemberment of her territory, despite anr agreement for settlement of the Czechoslovak-Sudeten dispnti which might be reached by other European powers, 'such as England and Germany. (Talk of a plebiscite to settle the Sndeten minority issue wai spurred after Hitler at Nuernberg demanded "seW-determim- tion for neighboring Ger- mans, talk that increased after Prime Minister Chamberlain's sudden visit to Hitler.) HENLEIN WARRANT ISSUED Bechyne's jlven !n a. newspaper Interview. Mowed swift- ly upon the In dissolving the Sudeten German party, the Sudeten troopers organization the of warrant for Sudeten Chief tain Konrad, Henleln on charges of treason. "A pleblvile would a cut to war, inwiocb u U there wen a. plebiscite, joy- erament wouM eilst In uld. CiMhinloTak JUT- emment which would permit plebiscite to take place wnld (all Immediately became It would awaken .nwsitlon at a determined pople which wmld rattier tftc than permit Hi li. x "In (his rounlrr Uiere will no plebiscite and BO inter- national police. We ettib- Ushed order and we aba main- tain It "It Is well to see that we are in a position to carry out our program for the treatment of all nationali- ties of our republic with complete justice. "I plead to the public that it have complete faith In the government and the army." TROOPERS DISBAND Dissolution of the Sudeten party and the Sudeten storm troopers organization was ordered after a full session of the cabinet. The government previously had ordered Henleln's arrest after he broadcast a proclamation his followers want- ed tmfon with Germany. No time was lost in carrying out Uie dlsollutlon orders. Police seiz- ed all documents in the Sudeten party regional headquarters at Eger. within three miles of the Qerman border. Police were instructed to sieze radio apparatus used In broad- casting announcements and mes- sages of the Sudetens. A decree was Issued prohibiting the wearing of uniforms, such as those ot the Sudeten storm troopers, for political purposes. Reports from Sudeten territory said quiet prevailed generally. One shooting Incident was reported at Tupabl where an unidentified man was killed by members of a mili- tary patrol who said he fired at them. Colorado Votes On School Bonds Today COLORADO. Sept. IS (Spl) Colorado today win approve or re- ject a. school bond Issue, proceeds from which are to be ap- phed on construction of a new junior nigh building and modern- ization of two ward school build- Yesterday federal approval of a grant was received here. to Cils effect were sent by Sen. Tom Ccnr.ally and Con- gressman George Mahon, FD And Cabinet Discuss Crisis Officials Believe Europe Remains On War's Brink WASHINGTON. Sept. A cabinet officer walked ton President Roosevelt's table today and said of the situa- tion in Europe: at the strain, hss been re. letved but It is still teetering." This was taken to mean that m far as the United States iroTera- merjt knows, Europe oa the brink of -war despite recent President Roosevelt sunreyeS' with hto cabinet three major points at which Europe's troubles might touch American policies. They caiteret! attention on pos- sible effects on trade treaties. In- ternational finance and the opera- tion of the American neutrality law. Secretary Hull spent nearly an hour with the president, with Sec- retary Morgenthau partielpatiaj the greater portion of the time. The cabinet members, grave-fac- ed, assembled at the White in the afternoon. Officials
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