Abilene Reporter News, September 16, 1938 : Front Page

Publication: Abilene Reporter News September 16, 1938

Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 16, 1938, Abilene, Texas AchillesLONDON, Sept. 16 (AP)—England's poet laureate, John Masefield, has written this quatrain to Premier Chamberlain in tribute to his peace mission to Germany: "As Priam t< ides for his son, So you, into the night, divinely led, To ask that young men's bodies, not yet dead, Be given from the battle not begun."Wt)t Abilene Sporter ★★★ EVENINGWITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES,"-Byron VOL LYM I, NO. 108 CalW* Frees (IP) ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 16, 1938 —FOURTEEN PAGES Associated Press (AP) PRICE FIVE CENT!CZECHS DISBAND SDDETEN PARTY EYSTON •SPEEDS 357 MPH Henlein Flees Czechs' Order • • • * * * • • A A A AAA AAA WILL THERE BE ANOTHER INCIDENT? BONNEVILLE SALT # FLATS, Utah, Sept. 16.—(AP) —The world’s automobile speed record tumbled here again today as Capt. George E. T. Eys-^ ton regained the title John R. Cobb usurped yesterday. The new mark is 357.50 miles per hour. For His Arrest Disorders Mount, Forcing Extension Of Martial Law Easton, retired British Army of-0 firer, drove his powerful “Thunderbolt" through the mile at 356.44 miles per hour on the north run and returned at 358.57 miles per hour to displace Cobb's record of 350.20, established only 24 hours ^ ago on this white course. Cobb. wealthy london fur broker, was king for a day. Eyston, who hoisted his own average from 311.42 to 345.49 August 29, only to see the astonishing ^ achievement excelled by his compa-9 trlot. obviously held back until the chips were down. Eyston, black from brake dust and exhaust smoke, smiled boyishly when Informed he once more had Ascended the coveted world speed £ throne. Horse Races in Sight for Fair Board Votes to Add Three Days Of Kingly Sport A new attraction was promised for the West Texas Free fat- to be held in Abilene October 3 to 8, when the fair board voted this morning to add three days of horse racing to the entertainment program. Ruck Sibley, chairman of the racing committee said that prob- By LARRY ALLEN PRAGUE, Sept. 16.—(AP) — The premier s office announced tonight that the Sudeten German party had been dissolved by the Czechoslovak gjvern-ment. Previously Informed sources said the government had decided on suppression of the storm troops of the Sudeten leader. Konrad Henlein. who had fled into Germany from a warrant for his arrest on charges of treason. SUDETENS SPLIT These decisions were taken es continued disorders in the Sudeten areas coincided with reports of a split between radical and conservative Sudeten factions over Hen-lein's proclamation of yesterday demanding annexation of the Sudeten country to the German reich. It was this proclamation that led to the charge of treason against him. This created the possibility that one section might accept renewed negotiations with the Prague government. Otto Ritter, a Sudeten German district leader at Asch, told authorities none of Konrad Henlein's followers had any knowledge that Henlein Intended issuing the defiant manifesto for union of Sude-tenland with Germany. A “large" part of the Sudeten German ranks, Ritter declared, were “disagreeably surprised." He Rave no indication, however, of how many members wer'* involved HIDDEN ARMS SOUGHT Strikes, sabotage and bloodshed stalked today among the Sudeten Germans. Martial law was extended to 16 Sudeten German communities.' Thousands were fleeing the trou-1 ble zone, some to Prague arri some ' to Germany. Troops with gleaming bayonets patrolled streets of the SOUTH BOMBARDS FORT SUMTER The South's bombardment of Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston. S. C., led directly to civil conflict. One day after the fort surrendered, April 14, 1861. President Lincoln called for 75.000 men. and the war was on. But the bombardment of Sumter was only the climax of a long political struggle, between the North and the South over states' rights, slavery, and economic factors. A clash had been brewing for several decades. aaa BISMARCK RELEASES A TELEGRAM One day. in 1870, Chancellor Bismarck of Germany received a telegram from his k-ing. It announced that France's'Napoleon III had demanded an apology from King William and a promise to keep a German prince from the throne of Spain. Bismarck made the telegram public. His prestige hurt, Napoleon declared war on Prussia. But the rise cf Germany as a united power, and Napoleon's position in France, had long made such a war probable. • a    aaa STUDENT SHOOTS AN ARCHDUKE Archduke Francis Ferdinand, nephew and heir of Austria's emperor, was assassinated with his wife at Sarajevo, Austria. June 28. 1914, by a Serb. One month later, Austria declared war on Serbia, and the World war was under way. That war had been brewing for half a century, however. European powers, heavily armed and divided into two major alliances, probably would have found some other excuse to fight had not the archduke be**n assassinated OUTPOSTS CLASH AT MIDNIGHT First shots in the Chinese-Japanese war wer« fired at the Marco Polo bridge, near Peiping, at midnight, July 8. 1937. £ach side blamed the other. Anyway, those shots led to war. But the conflicts real cause was far greater. China was growing stronger, was threatening Japans dream of controlling the mainland. If Japan was to realize that dream, she had to strike quickly before China became too strong and too united to handle. (By the AP Feature Service*. *    aaa FIRST ASKING SUDETEN CESSION Hitler Demands Czech Control Sought Of Munitions Fuehrer Regards Question of Union As Not Even Issue Crossing Border— SUDETENS CLAIM Protectorat€ Chamberlain ORDER OUT TO SHOOT (Copyright, ably 40 or 50 race horses would be main Sudeten cities' Their lnstrue- brought to Abilene from the South * Plains fair at Lubbock for the three day meet. Complete details of the program are to be worked out in £ special session tonight. COMMITTEE NAMED Temporary committee for the races Ls Sibley and C. C. Bracken. D H, Jeff erie*, president of the board, is to meet with them to-0 night to draft the race plans. tlons were to crush any attempts at further disorders. At the same time, the regional government of the province of Bohemia ordered a 24-hour time limit in which all residents of 63 provincial political districts must surrender all arms and munitions they may have stored in secret places. Henlein could not be found at his home in Asch. His wife and two It Another phase of the fair ex    ______ hibits was beginning to receive at- fighters also had disappeared tention today. That is the community exhibits for diversified farm products exclusive of livestock and poultry. All communities of the territory are eligible to exhibit space in the 1938, by Associated Press* By LOUIS P. LOCHNER BERLIN, Sept. 16—(AP) — Adolf Hitler was said today to have demanded both cession to Germany of Czechoslovakia's Sudeten area and binding assurances that Czechoslovakia’s foreign policy should be in harmony with Germany's. This information was volunteered by a man who talked to high chancellery officials at Berchtesgaden, where Hitler received Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain of Great Britain yesterday. UNION NOT HELD ISSUE Another German demand, this BAD-ELSTER, German-Czeeho-slovak, Frontier, Sept. 16.—(UP)— Sudeten German refugees, arriving at this German frontier town today, charged that Czech authorities had issued orders to shoot at sight all members of the Sudeten party storm troop organization and certain party officials. Refugees asserted that the shoot-at-sight order was issued last night and that the Sudeten officials affected took refuge in flight. Several hundred refugees were gathered In knots in the streets of Bad-Elster today after fleeing through the woods from the Asch district of the Sudeten area. They said that similar streams of refugees were going over the mountains in ail sections of the Sudeten Germany. The principal question asked by the refugees was what Germany would do. According to the refugees, many others were unable to reach Germany because their homes were too distant, and were hiding In the woods after abandoning their houses. Returns Home Prime Minister To Discuss Talk With Colleagues IN THREATENING QUIET— Sudeten Revolt Leaders Flee Spirit Smoulders Into Germany was reported here (and also in Germany) that the Sudeten “fuehrer' had fled to Munich and was near his mentor. Adolf Hitler. FACES LIFE IN PRISON rf    ,    source said, was that after German ii caught and convicted, Henlein    absorption of the Czechoslovak Sn. agricultural building, Jefferies said    would face a possible    sentence of    deten area what Is left of that re today, and may compete for the $75    Ute imprisonment. The    martial law    '    SSL should Ti iUelf into Per* in cash prizes being offered in this    decree provided death    within two    S, eronom/e attern at tea? £ • section The prizes are $25, $20. $15,    hours *fter conviction    for disturb-    1    the extent that Czechoslovak) h h    Czechoslovakia,    Sept,    16.-(UP»- d IS.    cr. of the peace.    ™    Somers    in    the streets,    blood    on    the Police Patrol in Streets, Search Through Houses Vin Blanc Means No Sang Rouge PWA GrUlltS GO To Area Cities LONDON, Sept. 16.—(AP)-The British cabinet tonight wa summoned to meet at ll a. rn (4 a.m., Abilene Time) tomor row to hear the report Prim< Minister Chamberlain brough back by air from his moment ous peace talk with Reichsfueh rer Hitler. The king arranged for an mu dience with Chamberlain a Buckingham palace after dinne tonight. By EDWARD W BEATTIE, JR. (Copyright, 1938, by United Press) HABEFtSPIRK, (Sudeten Area*, PARIS, Sept. 16—(UP'—It is a white wine year in France -that is white wines will be richer than red. and In the tradition of vineyard workers, that means next year will be a year of peace. The year 1914 aas a red wine year. So was 1870, when the Franco-Prussian war started. But this year in the wine provinces, watered by the Garonne river, a rich harvest of white wine grapes has Just begun. The peasants, intent on picking the record harvest, reflect none of the nervousness of Paris. And rural France furnished eight million soldiers and lost three-quarters of a million dead and a half a million permanently disabled in the last war. Allotments Given To Clyde, Snyder To Build Schools 6 $10 and SCORING POINTS Scoring points will be awarded for corn and grain sorghums 200; cotton and wheat;, 200; grain sorg-hums, threshed, two varieties, I gal-w Ion each. 75; peanuts and cow peas. 50; annual forage crops, 50; fruits and vegetables. 75; fresh vegetables, 75; other crops, IOO; attractiveness, arrangement and neatness of exhibits, IOO. 0 For other activities of the fair planning groups the sostess com- ; mi Wee was meeting today with Jack Simmons, entertainment committee 1 chairman, to complete plans for en-tertainirig visiting duchesses. The aa names of two new duchesses, selected by the mayors of their respective towns, were received today. Tile new duchesses are Myrlinc McCool of Putnam and Mary Lee Combs of Miles. Tile Czechoslovak cabinet studied Henlein's proclamation “to the civilized world'' for several hours before deciding to submit the evidence to the public prosecutor with directions to institute action under provisions of the treason law. The manifesto was issued at Eger, “Sudeten capital" three miles from the German frontier, and made public through the German offirial news agency and radio stations, so that its contents would he sure to reach the Sudeten Germans. Henlein charged "to the whole world that the use of machine-guns, armored cars and tanks against defenseless Sudeten Germans has reached the highest point of Czech oppression. “Thereby the Czech people have of German See HENLEIN, Tg. 13, Col. 7 not hinder realization economic aims. Germany, for instance, must have the decisive word to say on the output of the great Skoda munitions work at Pilsen and the destination of this output, the source said. The question of union of the Sudeten area with Germany, this informant said, is not even regarded as an issue by Hitler. It was said to have been Hitler's starting point in discussions, with all other questions, such as procedure under which the change could be eflected without war, growing out of It. Chamberlain, it was said, apparently came prepared to concede some form of “anschluss." BELIEVE HITCH IN TALKS Whether Britain and France were See HITLER, Pg. 13, Col. 6 In Oil Pool Near Rotan* FOREST SEES POSSIBILITY OF HELIUM RESERVE B Forest rvvr>lnnmpn t MnMHtlan    ____ sidewalks and bullet holes in buildings attested today to the spm- of revolution flaring among the Sudeten German minority and threatening at any moment to break into civil war. It was quiet todav in this town on the Czechoslovak-German border where Wednesday occurred the worst of the riots since Chancellor Adolf Hitler promised aid to the 3,500.060 Sudeten Germans in their struggle for ''self-determination." Sudeten leaders had fled or had gone into hiding, but from Eger, their unofficial capital, they broadcast today through their news bureau an appeal for Sudeten parliamentary deputies, district organizers and storm troopers, “to resist arrest by all means." REFUGEES STREAM OUT Konrad Henlein, the German minority leader, whose arrest had been ordered by the government, left his home in the border town of Asch and crossed the frontier THERE ISN T ANY WAR SCARE,' SAYS EARLY OF FD CONFERENCE Hull, Morgenthau, Davis and President In Canvass of Europe's Effect on U. S. WASHINGTON, Sept. 16.—(A*)- President Roosevelt called in Secre'ary Hull, Secretary Morgenthau and Norman Davis today to canvass possible effects of European developments of Americas neutrality policy, trade agreements and international finance. Stephen Early, a presidential aecretary, said these phases “are being more or less seriously discussed and considered.” He added that he was relaying that information to newspapermen so they would know the trend of the  ----- Sixteen towns in this section of Texas Friday received allotments of public works administration funds for schools, schools, street Improvements and waterworks, according to dispatches from Washington. Among projects approved were: Clyde, school additions, $20,-713; Snyder, school, $65,455. Clyde's school building was destroyed in June by a tornado. Snyder's large school building, housing high school, elementary grades and auditorium-gymna-sium. was gutted by fire several months ago. Other projects given allotments included; Albany, school, $9,943: Barstow, school. $47,029; Dawson county, school, $9,452; Kermit, school, $15,281; Lawn. school, S7,- Bv J. C. STARK LONDON, Sept. 16.—(A: —Prime Minister Chamberli returned today from one of t greatest peace missions in h tory—a man-to-man talk wi Adolf Hitler—asserting he * satisfied “that each of us fu understands what is in t mind of the other.” But whether he achieved a success in efforts to talk Hitler < of going to war over Czechoslova he refused to say. MEETS CABINET To cheers of “bravo" and "gr oil Neville," th** premier, tire I in his quick air journey to Hitic mountain retreat, said he now Y to discuss results of the conferei with his colleagues. He warned the big crow* which met him at Heston air drome against accepting an; unauthorized accounts of wha took place in his ronversatioi with the German fuehrer. With Viscount Halifax, fore] secretary, he then sped off to I Downing street to meet first discussions and at the same time to get away from what he called “scare heads" of the sensational type. “There isn't any war scare.** Early said with emphasis The president, because of the international situation, definitely cancelled a speech he was to have ma ie tomorrow at Poughkeepsie. N. Y„ in For half an hour, Morgenthau also was present. Davis, now head of the American Red Cross, but long ambassador at-large in Europe, had an appointment for the lunch hour 416; Pyron, school, $20,316; Robert inner cabinet—Lord Halifax. Chs Lee. school, $1,350; Rowena, school, $8,018; Seagraves, school, $27,000, Seagraves, street improvement. $45.-000; Seminole, school, $37,800; Stamford, schools. $40,500; Sweetwater, gymnasium, $19,800; Wink, waterworks, $31,000. Forest Development corporation. posed of 82 per cent nitrogen 15 officials here today studied possi-    ' bilities of the development of a helium reserve In the new western Fisher county oil pool three miles southwest of Rotan which was a opened last summer by Forest and Daube Brothers, Ardmore. Okla, operators. Samples of an odorless, noncombustible gas which broke through drilling mud behind pipe in the Forest’s No. I Pres-H ton Morrow, outpost to the new pool, received a laboratory report this morning which Indicated probable presence of the rare element. The report said the gas was com- ty with many of his followers who per cent methane, and amal. quan-1 recall? inl‘o"ed‘Tn    *“1 ££? Helium : ST occurs in gasses of an extraordinary launched ’Vo^s'agSTs aTs'ter”' nitrogen content, the report said, ship to the I into Germany, the German lan-,    ..    , .. guage radio announced. The radio cornmernoralT°n °t (be 150th anni-i indicated that Henlein sought safe- veisaD °t toe ratification of the New York state constitution. Hull came over from the* state The Weather ill-fated Hindenberg and It Is highly probable that the Onlv United stater JVr r-V* quantity.’8 ”    I    » Helium is the second lightest gas known, and is non-inflammable. That quality makes it an important war-time factor for use In dirigibles and other lighter-than-air craft. The United States government has a world monopoly on the gas, its reserve in the Panhandle gas fields near Amarillo. tible and lightest gas known, provides lift of vessels of other nations. Another quantity of the Fisher county gas will be sent to the Fort Worth laboratory for helium analysis. The method of determining Its content will either be by a freezing-compres- See HELIUM. Pg. 13, Col. 7 Reports from both Asch and Eger were that they too were in a state of enforced calm, although Sudetens were more or less in control of police at Asch. as usual, and a statement was broadcast from there, attributed to Sudeten leaders, which said that “terror is raging throughout Sudetenland and every Sudeten must defend to the utmost his life and those of his comrades.” There was a steady flow of refugees in both directions from the Sudeten area, one-half of which was department and stayed with the president three-quarters of an hour. ABII.F.NK md vicinity: Fair tonight and Saturday. Wast Texas: Fair tonight and Saturday. East Texas. Fair tonight and Saturday’ Highest temperature yesterday ... S3 Lowest temperature this morning . 54 WTCC Manager ta Big Spring Meet Execution Commuted AUSTIN, Sept. 16—(UP>—Gov. James V. Allred today commuted the death sentence of Carlos Fernandez for killing Policeman John Stowe of San Antonio. A life sentence was ordered. Editor Dies See REVOLT SPIRIT, Pg. 13, Col. < DALLAS, Sept. 16.—JPy—Joseph F. Willetts. 51. assistant managing editor of the Dallas Morning News, died today at Baylor university hospital. D. A. Bandeen. manager of the West Texas Chamber of Commerce, left this morning for Big Spring temperatures    where he will attend the autumn Thur*.    Fri.    meeting of the West Texas County Judges and Commissioners association which opens there today. While there he will confer with a. rn. M S3 SI cellor of the Exchequer Sir Jo Simon, and Home Secretary ; Samuel Hoare—and later the e tire cabinet, perhaps tonight or morrow. Chamberlain declared that lat perhaps in a few days, “I am g lug to have another talk with Hi Hitler'' Amid the crowd s cheers added: “Only this time he has tole! me it was his intention to come half way to meet me.” He said Hitler “wishes t< spare an old man another sucli long journey.” Before he spoke, Chamber^ took a black-bordered, crested e velope from a royal messenger a read a four-page letter from Kl George VI. who today was Pry thermometer Wet thermometer Relative humidity 5»    the Big Bend    Park committee, of    mourning for his cousin, the Prin 57    which he is    secretary, and with    of Connaught. 55 Wendell Mayes, chairman of the-- ll Tcx&sp&rkx board, on the campaign Persians Perish for establishment of the West Texas I!) Park    .    THERAN,    Persia.    Sept.    16.—(U 75 Tonight Banaeen will attend a —More than loo bodies were recc 8:23    mass meeting    of agriculturists at    ered today in the wake    of floe 12 3# p m    Snyder and speak on the domestic    which dertroyed most of    the tot **    ™    allottmcnt plan for Southwest of Newhaven between Hamadan a 7«    29    farmers.    •    I    Kcrmanshah, ;

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Publication: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Issue Date: September 16, 1938