Abilene Reporter News, September 15, 1938 : Front Page

Publication: Abilene Reporter News September 15, 1938

Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - September 15, 1938, Abilene, Texas All Further Responsibility Is Czechs’, Says Sudeten Leader Henlein EDITOR’S NOTE: The leader of the Sudeten German party, who recognizes Adolf Hitler of nazi Germany as his chief, cabled the following statement to the United Press: By KONRAD HENLEIN (Copyright, 1938, by United Press) fn Sudeten German territory there is reigning untamed ter ror of Czech military gendarmes and police. Czech civilians and communists have been armed by the government. Wednesday there were 20 dead and more than IOO seriously hurt, and several hundred injured. All telephonic communication is interrupted. All streets are occupied and barricaded by the military. Camouflaged mobilization is being carried out through | numerous conscriptions for immediate service. The Czech government has refused the last possibility of 1 negotiations by not answering inquiries. The Sudeten Germans insist with unbending resolution upon immediate cancellation of all Czech extraordinary measures. All responsibility for further developments, in th® country and beyond, whether it will lead to a new catastrophe, remains with the Czech government. Sudeten Germans have kept, superhuman discipline and patience to the very last moment. •I WIST TOUW ■newspaperWyt ^toilette Reporter ~Sfl0D£“WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES,"-Byron ★ ★★ EVENING VOL. LVIII, NO. 107. IWM rr«M (UP) ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 15, 1938—TWELVE PAGES Associated Press (AP) PRICE FIVE CENTSHENLEIN DEMANDS REICH ANNEX I After Bloody Brief Rebellion— SUDETEN AREA REMAINS AS QUI ET TODAY AS FUSE SPUTTERING TOWARD POWDER KEG ^ By ELEANOR PACKARD ® United Press Staff Correspondent. (Copyright, 1938, By United Press.) EGER, Sudeten Area, Czechoslo-vakia, Sept. 15—(UP)—A calmness underlaid with tension and chaotic £ possibilities settled today over this the riots of yesterday and last unofficial capital of the rebellious J night, remained unburied. From Sudeten German area bordering on other homes, men were missing nazi Germany. Except f0 rpolicemen, and troops enforcing martial law, the streets were almost deserted. Here, and in other Sudeten towns on the German border, a score of dead from ' Many Sudetens had fled across the border into Germany and from the town of Schwaderbach alone they had taken 20 Czech policemen with them as prisoners. Business proceeded here. Gendarmes patroled in squads. Riot squads and shock troops were ready for action on an instant s notice. The Sudeten German, withdrawing from Czech Prague, set up headquarters here and were Issuing war communiques in open defiance of the national government. One communique said that 25 were killed in a pitched battle between 2.000 Sudetens and gendarmes fight ing from army armored cars at Haverspairk yesterday. The latest fights occurred here last night when police detachments attacked and routed Sudetens from force approached the hotel Welzel. Sudetens fired from the windows of both. Policemen returned the fire. At 8 p. rn., police blasted their way into the Victoria with hand grenades, found large stores of guns two hotels. In armored cars, police- and ammunition and a radio send-men moved against the hotel Vie- ing station. The battle at the Welzel toria acting on reports that arms hotel continued until 9:30 p. rn. had been stored there. Another The casualties were unestlmated. AS WORLD HOLDS BREATH Chamberlain Bargains with Fuehrer British Envoy Will Seek Aid On Spanish Issue Two Chieftains Use Interpreter For Conference TO HEAR CHAMBERLAIN— Parliament to HOW TO SAY EM Pronunciation key for places and peoples in the Czechoslovakian crisis: CZECHS—Checks. SUDETEN—Soo-debt-en, accent on second syllable. (Other authorities have pronounced it Soo-day-tin). ASCH—A like ask. KHER—Ager, a like ache. PRAGUE—Prahg. PRESIDENT EDUARD BENES—Avd-vart Benesh. PREMIER MILAN HODZA—Meed an Hodzha. KONRAD HENLEIN—Konrat Henline. CRISIS CAUSES LARGEST FLOW OF MONEY TO U. S. IN HISTORY WASHINGTON. Sept. 15.—(As>—Secretary Morgenthau disclosed today that the European crisis has caused the ‘largest flight to the dollar in history.” The treasury head declined to estimate the amount of foreign funds sent here for safe keeping but fig- Reconvene Envoys Debate Step's Wisdom ures on recent treasury gold acquisitions indicate several hundred million dollars of foreign cash have arrived here in the last few weeks. “This movement proves,” Morgenthau declared, "that the United States is the financial center of the world and can resist the kind of nervousness that people with money fear, xxx “This is no reason for alarm over this movement. If people want to send money here for refuge, we are glad to accommodate them." The secretary said he was in constant touch by transatlantic telephone and cable with the financial authorities of England, France, Bel gium, Switzerland and the Netherlands for the purpose f ooperating with them as signatories of the 1936 trl-partite monetary agreement in stabilizing international exchange. Morgenthau asserted, however, that the United States was not defending any currency but the dollar and that when it helped any other currency it did so at the request of a foreign government and with that government's money. He added that whenever the treasury's stabilization fund bought any foreign currency for the government of that country, it required re- See MONEY, Pg. II, Col. 5 Diplomats Agree Conference Calls Fuehrer's Hand LONDON. Sept, 15.—(A*)-The British government arranged today to recall parliament to hear Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's personal report on his talk with Chancellor Adolf Hitler of Germany. Parliament recessed July '19 until November I but has remained subject to Immediate recall. The exact date for early reassembly will be fixed when parliamentary leaders learn when Chamberlain is returning from Berchtesgaden. Sir John Simon, chancellor of the exchequer. Capt. Edward Algernon Fitzroy, speaker of the house of commons, and Capt. Henry Marges-son, chief government whip met at No. IO Downing street to make the final arrangements. Captain Fitzroy technically is the only man permitted to recall parliament but he, like tile king, acts on the advice of the ministers. King George VI after lunch sought further information on the international situation from Viscount Halifax, foreign secretary. By WEBB MILLER (Copyright, 1938, by United Press) BERCHTESGADEN, Sept. 15.—(UP)—Neville Chamber-lain and Adolf Hitler bargained face to face in the Bavarian Alps today while a worried world waited to hear whether the result would mean peace or war in Europe. The head of the British government and the leader of Greater 1 Germany met in the great hall of Hitler's retreat within an hour of the end of Chamberlain's unprecedented 700-mile dash by air and train from London. QUESTION POISED Chamberlain came for a show- 1 down on what must be offered Hitler to satisfy his demand for self-determination for the Sudeten Ger- , man minority in Czechoslovakia. It was impossible to know what went on at the mf .nenrous meeting J within the guarded precincts of Haus Wachenfeld. Before flying here from London, however, I was told by reliable diplomatic sources • that Chamberlain would, in effect, asjt Hitler pointblank. “Are you anxious for a military adventure, or seriously anxious to collaborate in working j out a peare plan beginning with the Sudetens, and capable of being extended elsewhere in Europe, including the colonies j ; question?” The suggested question was ' prompted by information in diplomatic quarters indicating that the nazis wish to achieve a military triumph. SPAIN ALSO INVOLVED If. on the contrary, Hitler is prepared to accept a diplomatic victory, the British and French are prepared to facilitate it on a basis of granting the Sudetens a degree of autonomy ‘exceeding their wildest hopes.” Informed British sources believe that in exchange for concessions in the Sudetenland, Chamberlain wants Hitler’s collaboration in solving the Spanish war problem. It is known that Chamberlain does not intend to commit himself finally here, but to propose that since Viscount Runciman, British mediator, is acceptable to the nazis, Sudetens and Czechs. Runciman be allowed to work out a generous “fifth plan” to replace the four previously rejected. Chamberlain's foremast object is to obtain the reopening of the Czech-Sudeten negotiations and get the European situation off the razor balance between war and peace. USE NITERPRETERS The talks probably will continue Ringed by Barbed Wire— STRONG MEN MEET —To Re-Fight World War By JOE ALEX MORRIS (Copyright, 1938, by United Press) Two men meeting on the pine-clad heights above Berchtesgaden today may decide who won or lost the World war. From the moment of its inception this meeting of Prime Minister Chamberlain and Chancellor Hitler was touched by history's finger. The relentless march of great events were closing in at last with the “victors” of the World war facing a desperate struggle to avoid the disaster of another conflict. Today in the rambling white house at Berchtesgaden came the showdown. Did the armistice of 1918 end the world conflict or merely bring a pause until it could be resumed again? Barbed wire and machine guns ring the peaceful Bavarian house over which Adolf Hitler's red and black flag flaps in the mountain breeze. Barbed wire and machine guns line the frontiers of Europe, and the meeting of these two men high in the green hills may decide whether those frontiers shall be lines of war or peace. History offers no adequate parallel to today's meeting. Time was when a single monarch could gamble with the fate of a nation; when one general could chance the future of millions on a single throw of the dice. A word from Napoleon and all Europe trembled; but today the entire world tremulously awaits the words uttered high on the Obersalzberg. In this modern world few men could hope to escape the disaster of another World war. The fear that another such conflict already is upon Europe sent Neville Chamberlain to Berchtesgaden. The horrible reality of that fear was emphasized by the fact that Chamberlain, the most powerful figure in the British empire, requested the meeting. • • • No two men could be more unlike than Hitler and Chamberlain. Hitler emerged from the World war a corporal with a valise full of clothes and an intense but unformulated nationalistic philosophy. He became a painter of houses and pictures, a desperate student of national psychology. He became convinced that the “mass of the people” is not receptive to “half-measures" and “weakness." Since that day he has acted with a brashness that surprised, shocked and eventually terrified Europe's elder statesmen. To a shattered people he offered a concrete and dramatic program for establishing the Reich as a great    power. Step by step he destroyed    the    Versailles treaty, militarized    the Rhineland and seized    Austria.    But    Germany necessarily fared toward the east and the war-made state of Czechoslovakia stood as a carefully planned barrier to German dominance In Central Europe. Thus, in the Sudeten mountain frontier of the Czech state, -the rulers of Europe were brought to a decision—whether the Reich might I became supreme; whether Britain and France would be reduced to secondary powers. The difficulties of this decision are romplicated by Hitler’s unpredictable personal characteristics. He has said that God told him what to do. He has become furious in the    presence    of statesmen; found his greatest    comfort in the compt*ny of    his chef. Chamberlain is almost the exact opposite. Tall and slim with a streak i of grey in his hair, he can hardly be imagined except in morning coat and striped trousers. He is British “big business.” son of a great imperialist, a Tory to the ips of his polished boots. When the World war ended he was 49 years old and his political career was hardly begun. He is not the political type, yet no British statesman since the war has faced decisions so vital to the existence of the empire. He has handled the empire s business as he did his own interests in Birmingham—cautiously, in the manner of i people which has always "muddled through.” • • • Today, above Berchtesgaden. and far above the graves of countless thousands who fell in battle 20 years ago, the world watches the meeting of a man who speaks for an empire on which the sun never sets and a man who demands a place in the sun. On their words, history will write the fate of another generation—bread or blood ; war or peace. Martial Law Area Widen PRAGUE, Sept, 15.— (AP) —Sudetei Leader Konrad Henlein today demander German annexation of Czechoslovkia’s Sudeten area and the government further extended martial law to meet possible new disorders arising from the demand. Five new districts, bringing the total to 16, were placed nnj der military control. Districts where martial law is in effect! contain 2,000,000 of Czechoslovakia’s 3,500,000 Sudeten Gen mans. A DNB (German official news agency) dispatch said th* entire population of the Sudeten border village of Phillipsdori Lloyds Cancels War Insurance LONDON, Sept. 15.— (AP)—Lloyds, the underwriters, decided today to give 48 hours' notice of the termination of all war risk insurance contracts. All post contracts contained provision for such notice. The notice is to be effective at midnight tonight. Midnight Saturday is the deadline after which there will be no war risk insurance coverage except through negotiation In individual Instances, which is expected to result in high rates. A joint war risk rating committee of other companies and Lloyds yesterday discontinued an official schedule of war risk rates. Insurance circles have been confused in recent weeks over war risks. Some brokers found their rates were so far out of line with other brokers that the whole structure of rates had become meaningless. Today’s action concerned mainly marine insurance, since land property war risks were discontinued some time ago. crossed the frontier into Germany, staged a demonstration, ai returned home loaded with swastika flags to decorate their houses. Henlein s demand for annexation by Germany of of Sui deten German regions was contained in a proclamation adj dressed to Sudeten Germans and Germans in the Reich, de daring “it is definitely impossible for Sudeten Germans ant Czechs to live in the same state." ‘ The Sudeten Germans want,    " to return to our home in the Reich,” it said, complaining that self-determination had been denied them in 1919. “The Sudeten Germans have never renounced the right of \ self-determination. God bless us in our just fight. ’ STRIKE CALLED Shortly after the proclamation was transmitted a general strike was called at Reirhenberg, fourth largest industrial center in the country and six miles from the German border. Reports received in Prague said all stores were closed and all busi-* * * ness activities halted. There wer no editions of evening newspaper^ Thousands of Sudetens in Reid enberg gathered in the streets. Mar tial law had not been imposed Reichenberg. The proclamation was broadc through Germany and was trar mitted to Czechoslovakia gover ment by Henlein. It was issued at Eger, near tt German frontier, just a few hot after Great Britain's prime mini ter. Neville chamberlain, was sche uled to talk with Chancellor Ad Hitler of Germany on the Sudete crisis. It assailed methods used by ti See HENLEIN, Pf. ll. Col. * * * HOW WOULD THEY BALANCE? GENEVA, Sept. 15.——Diplomats of 50 nations split sharply to- j through tomorrow    and    perhaps day over the wisdom of the British j urday.    Chamberlain    is Premier ^Chamberlain's visit to Berchtesgaden to see Chancellor Hitler. They all agreed that the result would mean a long stride toward night with Hitler, and will to his quarters in the Grand hotel in Berchtesgaden to pass the night. Neither Hitler nor Chamberlain speaks the other's language and See PARLIAMENT. Pg. ll, Col. 7 See PEACE TALK, Pg. ll, Col 5 ‘Second’ Page I The globe—-not merely Europe—waits with bated breath today, fearful lest the next bulletin bring word that world powers have stopped sparring and plunged headlong into bloody warfare. For the first time in many months, the day’s news consists not of several stories, diningsto! I but just one big one. Consequently, this at win return jternoon’s Reporter-Xews devotes its entire front page to the European crisis. Please turn to Page 8 for the other news of general interest. THE balance gives an idea of how Germany’s armaments would outweigh Czechoslovakia’s if worse came to worse. But theirs probably would not be the only ones in the balance. Lined up are symbols for the armaments of major powers that might be drawn into a conflict. Not indicated are armaments of such nations as Poland, Hungary, Rumania and Yugoslavia, all of which might be affected, nor economic factors, which often prove decisive in war. Figures are estimates, v. GREAT BRITAIN 7,000 19.600.000 MEN RUSSIAMarked on Administration ‘Purge’ Blacklist, Senator George Wins Georgia Nomination • - See Page itt ;

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Publication: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Issue Date: September 15, 1938