Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 10, 1938, Abilene, Texas WEST TEXAS' OWM NEWSMKft VOL. LVIIi, NO. 102. "WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO TOENDS OR FOES WE SKETCIJ yOlJR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT TIM ivr> ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, SEPT. 10, PAGES PRICE FIVE CENTS BRITAIN TO WARN GERMANY SHE'LL FIGHT BOYS THREE TIMES LESS HOSTILE UNDER DEMOCRACY THAN DICTATORSHIP COLUMBUS. O. Sept 9 who firmed mmoc- racles. dictatorships anri an- archistic "governments" at the University o( Iowa chll. wel- fare station developed best un- der democracy. The experiments were leport- ed to the American Psychologi- cal association here The work was done under direction of Dr. Kurt Lewln ly Dr. Ralph K. White and D-. R. Llppltt. The stores were in democ- racy, three limes ai much friendliness and cooperalfon as In autocracy, more develop- ment of Initiative and greater enjoyment of work In dictatorship, three hints as much hostility and fifhlfnj zi In democracy, or rise apathy thrice as treat as In democ- racy. In Ihe anarchistic, or "lals- Mi-falre" government thne was dlsorianitAllon, shown bv flrbt- Inj, loafing, horseplay and bore- dom. These wore the reactions of the same boys, as the" succes- sively lived under each form of government. Thflr ages were 11 to 12. In each government they did the things which were to build club-houses and play nl detective work. In amount of work they got done, dictatorship and democ- racy were about equal But when the autocra'.lc leader leav- es the room the Intensive worlc goins on In his presence ttulck- ly fades out. Dr. Lewln wrote. The "rliclator" In ex- periments was always friendly. Hs merely lold the children what to do. with whom to work and to do It. Jn Ihf de- mocracy all problems were put up to the child, fn to decide. In anarchy the leader jn. formation only wher. asKed. The experiments two years ago, and 14 "swern- ..ments" have written tlitli lab- oratory "histories" Ttif Iowa object. Dr. White explained, was not to test dictatorships, but to find the best way to educate children CHARGING DISFRANCHISEMENT Roosevelt Voices Opposition To Poll Tax 75 Attend Farm Tenancy School State Committee Member Talks At Luncheon Approximately 75 persons con- nected with the federal tenant pur- chase program. P. S. A. officials, county commllteemen, home dem- onstration agents, home supervis- ors, county agents and others, gathered at the Hilton hotel yester- day for the first of a two-day tchoo! of Instruction on tenant purchase problems. Highlight of the Friday program was a luncheon at which J. T. St. Clalr of Seymour, member of the state advisory committee, gave the principal address. "Ths farm ten- ancy situation In the nation has come to the breaking St. Clalr told the group. "If we expect the nation to exist and prosper under 1U present democratic form of government, we will have to have come solution to the tenant prob- lem, it waa a great step forward when the federal government start- ed Its present program." RESPONSIBILITY STRESSED St. clnlr emphasized that there Is a great responsibility on the su- pervisors, officials and cotiflty cora- mlttecmen to make the program a success. If It is a success, St. Clalr laid, the movement will prow and create hope and satisfaction throughout the nation. He urged the commltteemen to handle their affairs in such a business llafl way that the program would succeed and show the heads of business and finance Institutions throughout the nation that the program could succeed. It that point Is once established, he said, the businessmen nnd financiers become convinced that money so spent will ue repaid, there will lx no lack of finances, "If we do not conduct the pro- gram properly and allow It to fall.1 he added, "the whole movement will fall flat and we will have to start In a direction, which we do not now know." W. J. Green, assistant regional director from Dallas, gave a brief report of his recent trip to the west coast and compared the tenant purchase program in Texas to the programs of California. Washing- ton, Montana. Wyoming. Coloradc and other states. He said that Texas had one or the best and most elaborate programs in the nation. After a brief talk bv Mrs. Lena Taylor of Eastland. dist-Ict home supervisor, c. T. Watson, assistant slate director who acted as master of ceremonies, closed the luncheon Ste TENANCY, Tg. 12, Col. Travelers To Greet New C-C Secretary Merle Gruver, new chamber ot commerce manager, will be guest of honor at today's luncheon of the Abilene Traveling Men's association. Graver will be introduced by Mm Bentley. Others who will talk arc D. A. Bandcen, West Texas cham- ber oi commerce manager, T. E. Kuykcndall and Tom Carpenter. Joe Greenfield, chairman of the entertainment committee, will tell the club good-by. as he is being transferred to Tennessee by his firm. Ihe Weather OKLAHOMA ttF.ST TEXAS- Fair ind Snnrtaj. IT.VST TEWS: rfondt NMV MKMro, ARIZOM: r Santas; imk r. M. H M HERE'S WAY TO GET RID OF THAT OLD STRAW TODAY Here's how to get rid of the old straw hat feed tt to a goat. If you have any doubt about a goat having an appetite for hats, just witness how Billy went alter T. Bone Winters' cast-off summer head- wear. At the same tlmt, don't fail to notice the new fall hat T-Bone Is sporting. That, because today is Hat day in the Abilene Salesmen's Cm- sade, an occasion when not only the men, but women, boys and girls are supposed to select their new autumn hats. Today also is Bread and Cake day, an observance started yes- terday. Then comes the Go to Church day, with all ministers of the city holding complimentary memberships In the Crusade and many of them making extra efforts to swell Sunday's attendance at Sunday services. WITH INCIDENT SETTLED- Czechs, Sudetens To Talk Police Officer Is Suspended Amendment To Ban Levy Ok'd Spikes Talk U.S. Morally Linked-In 'Stop Hi tier'Move HYDE PABK, N. Y., Sept. 9 (AP) President Roosevelt late today expresed emphatic opposition to stats poll taxes, sajiflg they disenfranchised large portions of the popula- tion. TO SON'S BEDSIDE The president told his press con- ference, In response to questions, that state poll Uxej apparently were the outgrowth of require- ments during the post-revolution- ary war period that citizens own property before they could vote. Mr. Roosevelt disclosed he pre- Tiously had written to Brooks Hays, Arkansas national democratic com- mltteeman, endorsing a proposed Arkansas constitutional amend- ment to abolish the stats poll The president talked with re- porters a few houn before his Details Of New Concessions To Minority Revealed PRAGUE. Czechoslovakia. Sept. Ger- man minority negotiations derailed by disorders at Machrlsch-Ostrau were revived tonight. A government announcement ne- gotiations would be resumed to- morrow was accompanied by dis- closure of details of concessions de- signed to satisfy the Nazi-backed, autonomy-demanding German mi- nority. The way lor resumption of the negotiations, disrupted two days ago by Sudetens angered at the alleged horsewhipping of a Sudeten deputy at Maehrisch-Ostrau, was cleared by the suspension of a po- lice officer. The government's conces- sions, offered as a counterpro- posal to the Sudelerti' eitht- potnt demands for complete autonomy, provide for reorgan- ization of the republic Into self-governing cantons group- together variaui nationali- ties. ____r_. The plan, said lo have the ap-1 'rom proval of the unofficial British me- J s rJiatlon mission headed by Viscount BOOST CITY'S GENERAL FUND, STREET TAX LEVIES FOR '38 Council Apportions Assessment; Anticipate Total Revenue Of 'he 1938 bV Mayer W. W. Hair purposes as follows: nd (actual operating expenses of cily depa-tments) 4282 (operation, salaries, maintenance) 50.68 ants: street and lent, 10 cents; library, 3 cents; parks. 3 1-2 cents; sinking '937' EmCral tUn" fund levy was raised .'Ive ctnts over last year, and the street arc! bridge apportionment two cents. The levy for schoo! maii.tenance and operation was loweitd from 1S37 and the school bond levy in- creased, although the allot- ment !or schools -emalns station- ary st W cents on the va'ua- tlon maximum FlloweJ by the charter. Tne school maintenance and operation fund last year rccelv- ed 60 8 cents, with SO 192 yolng to the bond fund. For 1938. the bond apportionment was raiser to 29 cents, lowering the school mainten- ance and operation levy lo 50.68 cents. Total anticipated rash revenue the 153P fiscal 42d Grand Jury Returns 7 Bills Grand jury in 42c! district court returned five felony and two misde- meanor Indictments Runciman, would leave [oreipn pol- icy, finances and national defense under control o[ the central gov- ernment at Prague. Sudtlen Deputy Ernst Kondl, for the moment the ranking Sudeten because Konrad Hen- and Deputy Karl Her- mann Frank are at Hie Is'um- berj coHfress, said he was sat- isfied with ihe measures taken by Ihe sovemment at Maeriri- wh-Ostrau. City Tax Huglws has approbated the to- tal cltv lax valu.illon at up li 1-2 percent over 1937. The mayor and comrcusioners promised cooperation of the city to the West Texas Fair association in repairing buildings and grounds for opening of the exposi- tion October 3 for a weeks run. Pour were billed for driving while intoxicated, one for felony swind- ling, one for aggravated assault and one for a triple offense of drunkenness, disturbing the peace and using abusive language. The latter Indictment was relumed i against a woman whose husband was indicted at Ihe same time for Earl: driving while intoxicated. The grand jury will reconvene Wednesday morning to continue investigations. D. K Jcffcrlcs president of the fair, -ras toW me city wcu'.d fur- nish trucks and men to au- in nec- That incident out ot the way. cssary work at Ih? fair grounds. official Prague felt better tonight 1 Among other '.hings Jeffries pro- bcrause It at least was on speaking j remodcllns of poultry ii.cfi i Ind terms again with the embattled building (or use A( an ?yhibiuon Sudeten party, There still was a question wheth- er the Sudeten.1; would commit themselves on any plan so soon before Adolf Hitlers Numbers speech Monday. Crash Hurts Two SHREVEPQRT, Sept 9 tuilding for Kerffl-r. cattli Ginning Continues To Hold Slow Pace Abilene's five gir-s continued to operate at slow speed during the past week, with only 217 bales pin- ned. Total for the season now stands at 315. Pasture In Northern Texas On Decline WASHINGTON', Sept. 9 farm pasture conditions on Sept. I were per cent of normal, the best on that date In ten years, the federal crop reporting board said today. j 'Rather extensive" pasture de- clinn took place in August In most i of Mlnnp.ioU, the eastern j Colorado. Nebraska, western Iowa, MLvoiiri. paru of Arkansas, south- frn Oklahoma. New Me.vico and eastern and northern Texas. ACSTIN, Sept J-MP) State collectors dug considerably deeper Into Trims' pockets the fiscal year ended Adjust 31. A report released today by Comptroller George H. Shep- pard ahowed that revermea from the incline the oil levy, the poll Ui and several other Marcel were hither la fiscal IMS than fiscal 1337. Poll tat receipts for the elec- tion year were com- pared with for the preceding off year. All JTOM receipts levies. In- cluding oil and sulphur, amounted to u for Ihe pre- ceding year. Hitler Sounds Ominous Note At Nazi Meet Reich Unwilling To Compromise Fuehrer Says Germany. Sept. W) Chancellor Adolf Hl.lei intro- duced an ominous note of possible trouble ahead tonight for the first time In the eight-day n.iz'. party congress which closes next Monday. Clouds on the horizon, the of Germany to accept any compromise, the fuehrer's invincible faith in the nail organization these were of a K-mlnult ad- dress lo 155.000 political organ- izers, spectators anil un- told millions of radio His speech came at the end of a day in which the issue of Czecho- slovakia's Germanic: minority over- shadowed every thin i at the con- gress. He cancelled a speech to the nad women's auxiliary to confer with Foreign Minister Joachim von Rib- bentrop to hear what Sir Nevlle Henderson. British to Berlin, had to say in a morning conference with the foreign minis- ter. Some German spokesmen, mean- while, were even saying that the Sudeten question had gom- beyond the autonomy stij-e and that Hit- ler would consider no solution short of union of the SuOf leu resion with Germany. There was official confirmation for that belief, how- ever. HITLER HAILED In his speech tonight, Chancellor Hitler was interrupted by demon- strations and shouts of "We thank our fuehrer" and "Hell." "At a time when there are clouds on toe Hitler said "1 about ate miniom tl mlBneJt- Irir, naj fanatical national so- whose leadership y.a constitute and (or whale lead- ership jeu are responsible: "Just as I couid rel> blindly upoi you in the days of our struggle, so today again Germany and I can depend upon you. 2 x x "Those these fifteen years counted upon the col- lapse or dissolution of our move- ment were mistaken. Those who beiiered In or count upon weakness of Germany today win find themselves rxactly mis- taken." High nazis predicted earlier that See HITLEB, Pf. 11, Col scheduled departure for Rochester. Minn., where he will remain until after his son, James, undergoes a stomach operation Monday. Discussing the poll tax situation, the president said his views did not pertain particularly to any one state. In some states, he added, a good many citizens still are denied the right to vote because they can lot pay poll taxes. TAX BEIXG BANNED Many states have been getting away from the pol! tax, the chlet executive continued He said that Virginia, in- stance, has a high poll tax which disqualifies one third ot the quali- fied white voters of the stale. The president was told at the press conference that the Impres- sion had been growing that the United states wis morally linked with European democracies In a "stop Hitler'' movement. The chief executive replied that speaking of Impresses meant ipeaklnr of interpreta- br columnists and These he said, had been about 100 percent wronir retarding the interni- tionil situation. Mr. Roosevelt suggested that reporters read statements Secretary Hall and himself ff they wanted to ascertain what the nation's foreirn policy b. The president said the question of poll taxes his nothing to do with the question of negroes vot- The latter problem, he assert- I ed. should be considered separate- ly. Cabinet Adopts Firm Stand In Czech Crisis British Ambassador To Deliver Formal Note To Fuehrer At Nurnberg Today; Admiraltry Orders War Precautions LONDON, Sept. Daily Mail said to- day the British government decided at midnight last Bight to Ull Germany "in precise and formal terms" Great BritaJn would not stand aside if Czechoslovakia were attacked. The newspaper said a diplomatic note to thij effect would delivered by Sir Henderson, British ambassador to Berlin, "probably to Adolf Hitler hinuelf within the next few hours at Nurnberg. Sir Nevile postponed ichednled departure from Kara- last night, which the Mail said was done on inrtrac- from 10 Downing the prime minister's residence. (In it was the British government un- derstood to be desirous of keeping Sir Hevile- there to wge gravity of the international situation on the German zovern ment.) s The- Daily report followed within a few houn adoption by British admir-------------- ally of some virtual wartime precautions because of the situ- ation created by the Czechoslo- vak-Oerman conflict. REPORTS HASTEN ACTION The government's decision to take a ilrmer stand with Germany, the newspaper said, was reached "after many hours consultation" between Prime Minister Neville Chamber- Foreign Minister Viscount Halifax, Sir John Simon, chancellor of the exchequer; Sir Robert Van- slttart, chief diplomatic adviser to Soviet Seeks Troop Passage To Czechs Rumanian, Red Talk Continued GENEVA. Sept. consul- tation between representatives of Soviet Russia and thoritatively reported to have dealt with the possibility of moving troops and supplies through Ru- mania to overshadowed the opening session of the League of Nations council. The council held a. private ses- sion in late afternoon, but Geneva's attention centered on the talk be- tween Foreign Commissar Maulm Litvlnotr ot Russia and Foreign Minister Petrescc Comnen of Ru- mania. Both Russian and Rumanian sources said the conversation "prob- ably would be continued" which meant, apparently, that no decision had been reached. France Turns To Civilian Defense PARIS. Sept. French government turned anxious atten- tion today to civilian defense meas- ures, now that Frt-nch fighting air force and navy- are prepared for any emergency that might arise from the Czecho- slovak-German crisis. Distribution of gis rnaskj to cl- I vilians. a measure promised but j postponed for many months, was planned by the interior ministry. I Tons of sand were trucked into I Parts to buU-aric shelters and pub- I lie buiMlnjs In the capital against bomra which Parisians pray will never fall government: and Sir Alexander Csdogan. permanent undersecre- tary of foreign affairs. Their action was hastened, Ihe Dally Mail aiMed, beeaw at "Information reaching White- hall itreet dtartof yesterday." The admiralty had ordered full crew comrilMnents the first mine-sweeping flotilla opmpcwd of and declared that four mine-laying destroyers be brought to full commission from a reserve status. FLEET OFF SCOTLAND Although the British home fleet ts engaged in maneuvers In the North sea off Scotland, tonight's move was the admiralty's first admission of precautions because of the cen- tral European crisis, PreTlonjTy the admfnllr itouUy Insisted the maneuvers were routine. The admiralty's orders came close on the heels of reports Prance had asked Britain to take defense mea- sures publicly which might have a restraining Influence on Germany to head off any military move against Czechoslovakia. The naval vessels affected by the order are all at their home ports. In positlona where they could steam quickly lo defense of the British Isles in an emergency. Many Britons, recalling the days of when British Indecision is supposed to have Influenced Ger- many's course, openly advocated dis- patch of sn unmistakable warning that Britain would fight. Mann Not On List Of Dem Delegates DALLAS. Sept Dal- las News will say tomor- row the namn of Gerald C. Mann, democratic nominee for attorney Is not on the list of del- egates !o the stale convention at Beaumont. Mann's name that of Mrs furnished newspaper men at" the Dallas county democratic conven- tion. These names, along with others, were left off the certified list of delegates to the state con- vention, the News will say. Mann was one of the two state run-otf candidates elected who had not been endorsed bv W. Lee O'Daniel. nominee for governor. Colorado Rodeo Winners Named Memorial Service Puts Spotlight On Mitchell Pioneers COLORADO. Sept. overflow crowd witched rodeo exm- testants tonight; u Colorado coo- Unued III annual Frontier Round- up celebration. Winners of day money, u deter- mined by averaging afternoon ana night rcony. were, in order of rank: u; 1. K-lfeJBnar, Hi JCfcael county calf ton Brock, JU; Judge CampbelL 341; f. Taylor, M. Wild cow J. PetUjrew. IS; J. C. McHroy, 15.2; Joe Tort. 15.4; Keette Duncan, U. Bulldogging Norman Person. 11.3; Dub Phillips, 15; Joel Kemfni, 15.1. Girls.' calf roping Isora DeBacy, Dorothy Roberson, 531; Jewell Duncan, Mrs. Shorty Nortlwntt, 90. Steer Etaval and O. K. Lewallen tied lor first and second money; Tack Bolton, third money. Brono Kid Jr, Slim Metteer, Van Brown, HAHON SPEAKS Limelight of the roundup turned this morning on Mitchell county'old- timers, both living and dead, as a remlnScence and memorial serrlca held at the Palace theater at 10 o'clock. Congressman Geo. Baa- hon was the principal speaker. Cher 400 gathered In the theater following a 30-mlnute concert by See ROUNDCF, FT. II, Col Two Are Injured In Son Antonio Strike SAN ANTONIO, Sept....... Two transfer company employes were injured here today as strike violence flared. R. H. Earth and H. C. Littlefield, two of four men aboard a mer- chants transfer and storage com- pany truck suffered cuts, Witnesses said six men in an Mann were on a list of delegates automobile forced the truck to the fumith.ri .u- curij ,nij started beating the four truckers. The truck drivers' and assistants.' union. affiliate of the American Federation of Labor, has been wag- Ing a strike against the Merchants Transfer and Storage Co. Wrong-Way Flier Lands At Phoenix PHOENIX. Ariz.. Sept. Douglu Corrigin. wrong-way transatlantic flier, landed his crate at the Phoenix airport at p_m. today and was given a Bride Declares Fall From Hotel Accident MATTOCW. Ill, Sepl Maxine Lake, In a brief moment of consciousness today, whispered that her plunge from A fourth floor hotel window yesterday was acci- dental. The 20 year Texis jlrl. a of tare months, suffered a broken aini nAA given 01 lare monLns, western welcome by a pistol-toting back In the fall. A momenta reception committee. after her body struck the street her The tiler win stay here overnight! husband. M. E. Lake, pitched from and RO to Los Angeles tomorrow. the same window ir.d wis killed. DRIVE OPENS SUNDAY Robert Emery, 27. a Shrcveport flying instructor, and Edward F Rhoades, 17. student pilot, were in-........... lured. Err.ery critically, today when Miswel; anri Farmers' their speedy sport pUne crashed ators expected fn "q'llckcn edge or the municipal air- during the later part ot the month This total was reported by the Farmers Co-op. Abilene, [port. but only slightly. Revenue Collector In His Office Today Will H. Talbot, deputy internal revenue collector, Friday said he would be In his office today from to 1 o'clock to assist patrons in preparing quarterly social secur- ity returns. T.ilbot hoMs forth on the third tloor or trie federal building on I Pine street. IAYLOR NEEDY MAY BEN EFI1 IN USED CLOIHES WEEK Five thousand rcc-iy p-jrvini of Abilene and Taylor crmr.ty may benfflt from Usw1 rtoth'11) week. schedu'.eJ to open Sunday alter-' noon under o( the Boosters club. lhe dem-ntl for oW Was reveilCd WMday in a statement from Mrv Benno Schmidt, executive sccretai'f ct the Unltfi Welfare asvKtalion. Therr are US famlliri. arini four persons each uld Schmidt, who are on di- rect relief. These pcopl: are of families art on Hu- dis- abled list, nnemplooble! In addition there ne about persons employed on various work projramv o: these individuals, loo> represents a family of four Emplxves on the work prosrami earn little more 'han enc'.igh for their jiroccriM. lenfn? pisct.'cally nothing [or the purchnse ol neces- sarv clothes. G'.f's isked include m-ns and boj-s1 suits, shoes, .eit hju ap.d es- pccUlly s.'-.oej for school children. jWomei.s apparel, ar.d tvcn ngs [wilt be accepted. posslKe. It is asked that be inunder- j sd, and R Is rr.a.uda'.ory that rags be clean. j The Boosters hare mjpped a ellrwlde canvas tx-rinnltf it J 1 p.m. (omorrok-. Sk titickl 1 It other molor vehicle! been secured and roaled. Ban- dies of clcihfnx are to be left on Front steps. If they air called for b? J p.m. an aikrd to oil UrU or Uii. General chalrnuj o! tl-.i clo'.het collectl.ij campslgn is Ed I ter. i The drive l.i W cwiMnue Ihroujrh next week, dunnj wv.icii win 'given publicity bo-h by ind radio.