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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - July 7, 1938, Abilene, Texas WI5T TEXAS' OWM MEW5MKR VOL. LV111, NO. 39. ON ANNIVERSARY OF JAP INVASION- OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRILNDS OR TOES WE YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT r, ABILENE, TEXAS. THURSDAY MORNING, JULY 7, 1938 PAGES rmt tun PRICE 5 CENTS Terrorism Imperils Shanghai Foreign Settlement CHALLENGES Arthur Morgan Defends Post By Filing Suit Deposed Chairman Seeks Judgment Against President ..KNOXV1LLE, Term., July 6 Arthur E. Mor- gan filed suit in Knox county chancery court late today chal- lenging the right of President Roosevelt to remove him as chairman of the TVA and ask- ing that he be recognized as a and chairman of the board of directors of the fed eral agency. The tall, gaunt Ohioan asserted In the bill he had never recognlzec' the president's right and power to remove him. He askej payment ot back sal- ary since his removal by (he president March 28, I33S, and declaratory judgment voiding the president'! removal order forcing directors H. A. Morgan and David E. Llllenlhal to recognize him "as member and chairman of the board of directors of the defendant, Ten- nessee Vallej- Authority XXX." Piling of the suit came "on the eve of a congressional investigation of the TVA. precipitated by Dr Morgan's charges of "dishonest management" against his former associates. Dr. Morgan refused to support his nccusations with testimony at a hearing called by President Roose- velt and the chief executive ordered his removal as chairman. Federdl-'CcJnfest Of Suit Certain WASHINGTON, July Justice department withheld com- -ment tonight on Dr. Arthur E. Mor- gan's suit challenging the right of President Roosevelt to remove him from the chairmanship of TVA. It was a foregone conclusion, however, that the tovemnnnf would contest (he salt. Before the president removed Dr. Morgan, he asked the Justice de- partment whether this was within his power. Robert H. Jackson, now solicitor general, but then acting attorney ceneral, ndvised "there would appear to be no question that the power of removal is in fact vested In the president." Mexico Closes MEXICO CITY, July The Mexican government has con- tracted to sell worth of oil lo Davis nnrt Company ot New Vork In a ttcal described tonight as broad slep toward solution of the nation's problem of disposing of her vast petroleum stores. About 50 per cent of the oil will go to Germany and the remainder to General European markets, principally those of Scandinavian countries, reliable official and un- official sources disclosed tonight. The deal was reported by these sources to have been consummated yesterday. it was approved by President I-azaro Cardenas some vceks ago. The oil will be obtained from welts expropriated on March 18 from 17 British and American companies and from wells owned by Ihe government prior to taking over the foreign-owned companies. A powible In the deal was seen In a statement by misted of- ficials of tho expropriated com- panics that ihcy would start at- tachment proceedings against any tanker carrying oil from the expro- priated wells. It was pointed out they could file such claims against the carriers, claiming the cargoes as their prop- erty when Ihey show up In foreign porls. On the other h.ind. some sources said the oil might be kept in the Mexican government's name until It Is discharged, thus averting lita- Satlon since government can not be sued without their consent. Unless legal complications devel- op, a tremendous increase In tm- twrls from Germany a possible ttrop in ilkc shipments from the United Slates was seen RS n possi- ble result. The United States for years has counted Mexico one of its best customers. G-Men Get Fugitive: He's fn The Bathtub ST. LOUIS, July two- rear hunt ended today when O- lhclr Ihe bath BOTH WERE OUT ON A LIMB This, in case you should won- der, is a tree fight. It was staged at the damsite town of Disney. Okla. Bewhis'sered "Ripper" Davis, man at right In the picture, claims he's the champion in this dizzy busi- ness. He defended his title successfully this time, knock- Ing "Wild Red" Angelo out of the tree shortly after this shot was taken. AFTER LAYING JAP CITY WASTE Cloudburst Breaks Dams To Cause Landslides; Death Toll May Be than 400 dead and endangering scores of Americans yesterday swelled tons of water which, previously Tears were expressed the final lowed inundations last week In which more than 861 persons were killed, Injured or missing. Some houses were listed damaged in the Kobe disaster. There was a shortage of drinking water. Al least five foreigners were known to have lost their lives, but it was believed there were no American casualties. Most Americans live' on the lower slopes of the hills, some of which rise sharply to more than than half-mile in hdghl. fiain continued throughout the night and frightened residents sought safety on higher ground. "The best information shows be- tween 400 and 480 dend, but so many buildings have been smashed that nobody can be certain." Fred- erick Taylor, native of Sacramento. Calif., (old the Associated Press by telephone. A business, man. Taylor has lived In Kobe for 15 years. It's still raining and I am head- ing for higher ground before morn- Ing." he said. "I will try to get by launch tomorrow." Three days of rain brought con- tinuous landslides, he explained. Hills behind Kobe were described as slipping. Taylor told of how a solid wall of water, five or six feet high, rame down from the hills so fast that few In its palh escape. It smashed houses like matchboxes. death loll might read 1000 It fol- Temperature Soars To 102 Abilenians who weakly mopped 'perspiration from their brows and complained desperately that it was the hottest day of the year yester- day were right. The temperature soared to a new season's high of 102 degrees at 5 o'clock Wednesday afternoon. It was well after dark before it retreated below 90 degrees. The mercury registered 90 de- grees or above for more than 10 hours Wednesday, according lo weather bureau records. Those sweltering hours were from before 11 a. m. to almost 9 p. m. From 3 p. m. to 6 p. m, the temperature stood it 100 degrees or above. Yesterday's record was climaxing performance of the mercury In a heat wave which began Monday The previous high mark of 101 dc- gfees was set then and equalled Tuesday. It is unlikely the temperature will continue its climb today. Weatherman W. H. Green obligin Cross Plains Group Boosts Reunion BA1RD. July persons, including 17-piece muni- cipal band, visited other Callahan county towns Wednesday to Invite :hclr residents to Cross Plains' 57th jtrthday party, pfcnlc and old set- lers' reunion next Monday and Tuesday. Chairman of the Cross Plains trippers was u c. Norman, who di- rected the band. Also in the parly, which traveled in 11 automobiles was Mayor c. S. Martin. Towns visited included Cotton- wood Atwell, Scranton, Putnam, Baird and Clyde. Twenty-One Slain In Jew-Arab Clash JERUSALEM; July bomb xploslon in the business center of lalfa followed by a running gun iattle between Jews and Arabs to- day Wiled at Ica.u 21 persons and wounded 60 others. g- n ogng ly promised probable thunders showers. Committee Studies School Problems Abilene chamber of commerce's bond refunding committee Wednes- day switched Iht attention from gen- eral financial problems of the city to a stiidy of school needs. Meeting with the city commission and the school board, the committee discussed needs for new biuldings to accommodate the Increasing scho- lastic population and Investigated proposed bond issues to finance such I buildings. A sub-committee was appointed to further Investigate needs of the school system. It Is composed of W. J. Fulwllcr, chairman. C. M. Cald- well, O. 0. Dillingham, c. W. Bacon and C. L. Johnson. Curtain Rings Down On Ninth Cowboy Fiesta Attendance Pushes Total Near Record Set In'37 By IHKRV HOLT Reporter-News Staff Writer STAMFORD, July grand and glorious Texas Cowboy ninth annual celebra- tonight, writing finis on three days filled with drama of the old West. Happiness and sadness played leap frog across the trampled reunion grounds. It has been a big event and many old-timers who lived around the bunkhouse for the af- fair went away with heavy hearts realizing many of their ever-thin- ning rank will not return for the spectacle in 1939. Father Time overtook 25 members during the past year. But there were smiles of fay and gladness from the hundreds who came and saw the premier fiesta of Texas. Officials, were pleased both at manner in which everything ran off and at the attendance. The July Fourth celebration drew 000 visitors, and half that many came back yesterday. Today's at- tendance of brought the fig- ure near the record of 80 000 set In 1937. One of today's features was the noonday broadcast over the Report- er-News radio station, KRBC, con- ducted by Manager Max Bentley. Gov. James' V. Allred, who took turns at the mike during the cele- bration, extended an official wel- come to the Rt. Rev. Edward Rodiie, bishop of Lund, Sweden, who Is here guest of A. J. Swenson of the SMS ranches. Bishop' Rodhe Is in Texas to take part In exercises marking the !00th anniversary of Swedish settlements in Texas. Oth- er speakers were Swenson and the Rev. Hugo Haterius. Governor Allred presented sad- dles, given by the reunion, to three winners at the afternoon matinee before' taking leave for the state capital. He arrived at noon Mon- day and since has been a familiar figure around the rodeo arena. The first priie, a beautiful hand carted saddle, went to Elizabeth Miller of the Miller Brothers ranch, Snjder, for first place in the sponsors' con- trsl. Other winners were Fern Sawyer, Brownfleld, second; Lu- cille Daniels, Jajton, third; and Mrs. Sybil Prickett, Mejarjel, fourth. Jets Slaughter of Big Spring, Howard county sheriff, won his sec- ond cutting horse contest with the brown horse. Spade. ,Hc also re- ceived a saddle. Slaughter was win- ner in 1935. He and J. L. McCar- sons of Palo Pinto, 1937 winner, were tied at end of final judging and ran off the tie In the after- noon. The winner stacked up 211 points to 267 for the loser. Judges were Foy Proctor of Midland, Frank Rhodes of Throckrhorton and George Humphreys of Guthrie. Dick Bishop. 11-year-old Winters cowboy, as winner of the Junior cowboy contest, likewise received a saddle. He is a son of Jack Bishop, rodeo performer. Fred Allbiisht of the Thrce-D See REUNION, Pg. 3. Col. J The Weather OKLAHOMA: probablj- wal- IrrfJ thnntfrnhoufra lodny and tn rait HARD-BOILED COP TOUCHED: TALE PHONEY DALLAS, July Capt. Douglas Walsh was sym- pathetic with the woman stand- ing before his desk the police station. Her husband, she said, never would have been a horse race bookmaker If he had not been out of a Job. And now. she and their three children faced star- vation If he had to serve out a fine assessed against him when he was arrested the day he opened his bookie place. Wouldn't the captain please give him 30 days to work and raise ihe money? The captain was touched. He turned the man loose. That was three months ago. When the 30 days were' up. the woman returned and the cap- tain extended the time again. At the end of 60 days he grant- ed another extension. And to- day the woman came back again. But this time Captain Welsh was tired. If her hus- band couldn't find work In M days, he said, he had just as well be in Jail. The woman looked at the floor a moment, then admitted: "I was lying the first time I saw she said. "Friends gave me the money to pay my husband's fine. I had It In my purse all the time." "Then where is Captain Walsh demanded. "I lost the woman mur- mured, "playing the horses." Foiled Hijacker Clubs Feed Man Hits Victim With Gun After Seeing Flat Pocketbook rturslng a bump on his head Walter Capehart, 826 pecan told police last night that he foiled a would-be hijacker with an empty pocket book. Capehart was out in the cowpen aboutl9 p. m. milking his cow when a stranger approached him and said he wanted to buy some cow feed, Capehart being owner of the New Deal Feed store, B8I Oak. They walked over to the store Without warning, the stranger pulled a gun and demanded money Capehart said he had none and pulled out an empty pocketbook to prove it. The hijacker hit him over the head with the gun and ran off. Capehart said he heard a car drive off. All the time Capeharfs money was in a shirt pocket almost in sight of the gunman. Police late last night had found no trace of the hijacker described by the victim as tall, about 35 years old, weighing about 180 pounds and wearing a dark suit and siraw hat. Escaped Convicts Believed In Denver DENVER. July 6. Detective- Capt. Charles J. Burns said a car used by three of Ihe five fugitives from the Kansas state re- formatory was found in Denver to- night. He asserted at least three of the escaped convicts were In Denver and he said he "had reason to believe" they were met here by the two oth- ers. ENID, Okla., July officers of three states searched un- successfully today for five Kansas stale reformatory convicts after the car which they escaped at Hutch- [nson was found here. Belief the (ive separated was strengthened by reports two of the men drove the car here and three of them drove a couple to Colorado. Sailplane Soars On 202-Mile Hop ELMIRA, N. Y.. July 202-mile flight by Stanley Corcoran Hollywood, Calif., topped perfor- mances at the national soaring meet today as the race for nalonel sail- plane honors tightened up. Robert Auburn, Buffalo, narrowly escaped Injury In a 23-mile flight to Athens. when he was forced to land his glider on an Island in the middle of Susquehanna river. Area Guarded After Bombing Assassinations Four Are Slain; British Soldier Among Wounded SHANGHAI, July 7. Exploding bombs and assas- sins' bullets today'ushered in first anniversary of Chint'i armed resistance to Japanese invaders and threw the inter- national settlement into tur- moil. Two Japanese and two Chinese were killed. A British colonial soldier and four Chinese were wounded in" the sudden surge of violence. BLAST SENTRV PAST 'Three bombs were thrown simul- taneously at a Japanese sentry post on Garden bridge, a floating res- taurant off the used as Japanese gendarme and the Yokohama specie bank branch also on the Bund. One Chinese was killed and in- other wounded. Police reserves and foreipt defense units were Immediately called out 'to siurrf against more serious outbreak! ter- roriim In Chlni'i commercial capital. A cordon quickly was thrown around the forelpi area bloek- Inj all traffic between the In- ternational settlement and Jap- anese-occupied territory. An unidentified Japanese riding a bicycle in the international sector guarded by' United States marines was shot and killed. Hts assassin es raped. GRENADE KILLS SENTRY In Japanese-occupied west Kong- kew, a part of Shanghai, g Japan- ese sentry was, hot and killed -by three who threw a hind grenade at a'Japanese'sentry posl on the Yuyaching road bridge, link- ing the settlement with Horigkew. Three bombs were tossed against a Japanese cotton mill on the settle- ment outskirts and a few moments later three more bombs exploded in the mill's living quarters. One Brit- ish Sikh, colonial soldier, was wounded. The outbursts came as the armies of Japan and China observed the anniversary locked in principal com- bat far up the Yangtze river. Japanese reported new gains over Chinese armies defending the Yangtze river approach to Han- kow, China's provisional capital and goal of Japan's campaign. Bombers ranging ahead of ground forces -were said to have sunk a dozen Chinese troop-laden Junks near Kiukiang, 135 miles down- stream from Hankow and immedi- ate objective of the invaders MARINES PATROL Japanese also said their naval craft were clearing the river of mines laid by Chinese between KIu- kiang and Matowchen, 40 miles downstream. Reports of Japanese successes in the land, air and naval drive on Hankow were countered by Chinese assertions that their guerrilla and regular forces were Inflicting heavy Set CHINESE WAR. Tf. 3, Cot. 6 Sentences Fixed In Albany Robberies Ward Draws Two 17-Year Terms ALBANY. July Ward, alias Buster Roberts, was assessed two 17-year sentences In prison Wednesday by 42d district court Jury here. Ward pleaded guilty lo robbery by firearms of two Albany filling sla- tlons. belonging respectively to Mor- gan Harris and Sam Moberley. He Is under 10-year sentences In both Easlland and Stephens coun- ties on similar complaints. Trial of O. L. Jones. Dee Griffith and L. D. Williams on indictments charging robbery and theft from person was postponed until next Wednesday at request of their at- torney. Settlement was reached in the case of Owen Cook as neit friend for Geneva Lively. minor, and Geneva Lively, Individually, against the Carson P. Scott company, suit for damages growing out ot personal Injuries. HERE'S HOW WAR LOOKS ON MAP OCCUPIED 8Y rortu-j i JAPANESE REPORT HUKOW CAPTURE Japanese announced the capture of Hukow and the dealing of Chinese air lorce In a raid on Nanchan" 5 2 brought the Japanese, forces to within 116 miles of Hankow China's provisional capital, and only loo miles north of Nanchang, where the Japanese said they destroyed 51 Chinese planes and ruined hangars and other buildings. Military authorities it Hankow expressed belief th.t the invaders were striving to force the Chinese into a major engagement within the triangle formed by Hankow, Changsha. and, Nanchang, ail indicated on this map Meanwhile, occupation of Ihe strategic Paracel Islands in the South. China sea by French customs officials and police was disclosed ;n Paris. At the foreign office it was said they would serve u "un- earned seaplane bases'1 In event of war. 'FORCED INTO SINO-JAP WAR-PRO AND CON BE CONQUERED' EDITOR'S NOTE: The fol- lowing statement was written for the Associated Press by Japan's premier on the occasion of the1, first anniversary of the outbreak" of the Chinese- Japanese. wart July 7.) By FRINGE FUMIMAKO KONOYX TOKYO, July year ago today Japan was forced against her will Into a con- flict with China. Every possible effort was mide to localize the Incident. Peaceful settlement was agreed to but never effected owing ot the fail- ure of Chinese authorities to carry it out. To avoid further possible complications the, Japanese govern- ment went to great pains fo evacu- ate her nationals frorr. various treaty ports, x x x They had to quit placts where they had, lived for many years, abandoning vested interests as well as accumulated fortunes. Naturally there was strong resentment and criticism of the government xxx but the government firmly resolved that no stone should be left un- turned to avoid spreading the un- happy clash, xxx Indeed it was not until after more than a month that the Japanese government finally realized that younger officers in the Chinese armies, who had long been educat- ed and (rained in anti-Japanism, were'firmly determined to fight Ja- pan and were deliberately working toward that purpose. Only then did Japan reluctantly, but at the same time resolutely, decide to accept the inevitable, xxx We take strong exception to the malicious methods of the Kuomln- lang (Chinese government party) government, which, under the lead- ership of Chiang Kai-Shek, singled out one particular nation for the target of its anll-foreignlsm. We believe no nation in the world could have tolerated such a situation. xxx Japan's objectives are to remove obstacles blocking everlasting peace In this hemisphere by destroying these lenders and their followers, to win the minds of the Chinese people away from antf- Japanlsm, and to frc China from the menace of communism which the Kuomlntang government has utilized, xxx Japan docs not want an inch of Chinese territory. When hostilities have ended, the Chinese people will have the helping hand of Japan, but not her governing hand. Vested rights and interests of third powers In China will be fully respected, xxx Japan U bound with an iron de- termlnallor to settle the matter once and lor nil, xxx Foil To Pick Prexy DALIES. July trus- tees committee of Southern Metho- idlst university met today without scolding A new of Ihe In- stitution to succeed Dr. diaries Sclecman. who was recently named Methodist bishop. PRESIDENT INFORMED OF BIG SPURT IN HOME-BUILDING WASHINGTON, July President Roosevelt received some cheering business news today on the eve of his departure for an ambitious transcontinental speak- In? tour. The FWeral Housing ndmlnls- tralor Stewart XfcDonatd. reported to the chief executive thnt new government-insured home con- struction would total about this year, or more double last year's figure. The president, holding a round of last-minute conferences, had a fi- nal word of advice for officials ad- ministering the spendlng-lendlng program, discussed the monopoly Investigation wllh Chairman Wll- O. Douglas of the Securities commission and mude ready to ap- point an administrator for the new wage-hour program tomorrow. Today's schedule was designed to leave the president free tomorrow to worX on speeches for his trip. The first address will be at Mari- etta. Ohio. Friday morning. McDonald said small home mort- gages selected for appraisal totalled 'J96.000.000 in June. 7i per cent higher than In June, 1937. McDonald interpreted the biilWInic sttflstlM as a favor- able cconomk He the censtroetlen In- trMM wouli Jure beneficial ef- fects In nunr lines >nd would help reduce anemployment. Feeding PWA money Into a, new channel. Roosevelt allocated 000.000 for construction of vete.'uns hospitals. The chief executive urged Brlg.-Gen. Frank T. Hines. the vet- erans administrator, lo have pro- jects under way by August 15. note: The following statement was written for the Associated Press by China's on the occasion of the first; anniversary of the Ottt- on the Chinese-Japanese war, July By. GEN'. CHIANG KAI-SHEK HANKOW, July WV-China will not be conquered! As the world reads of our great cities levelled, our countryslda blighted, the homes of our ances- tors destroyed x x x x the world, must know that our cause U Just X X X X A year ago the eruel greed of our neighbor forced our government beyond the limit of endurance and plunged our unprepared and peace- loving people into war. With best of motives friendly powers have sought.to end this war to offer meditation which might lead to compromise. But we cannot hope for the tem- porary safety that a compromise might offer. We are fighting for our existence. We cannot stop midway to seek peace. If we should 40 so prior to the attainment of the object-for which we are putting up resist- ance, it will mean the subjugation of our nation and annihilation, of our race. Never in history has nation worthy of the name survived with- out sacrifice, or enjoyed peace without a struggle, xxx We have lost cities, but foundation, the hope of our pro- longed resistance Is not to be found In metropolitan centers, but in Uie country, x x x x We have lost territory, but have lost it fighting, and by so do- ing have made to burn the spirit- ual flame which Is the spirit of China, the spirit which will emergs from the ruins Japan has created to erect tht structure of a new China. Burketf Ready For Old Settlers' Picnic 45th Reunion To Last Three Days BURKETTT. July ket's 45h annual old settler's re- union will begin Thursday morning, with rodeo events In the spotlight. The reunion will continue through Friday and Saturday. Amaleur rodeo performers will ve competition to themselves. Dnly they are eligible to perform in Ihe steer riding, bronc riding, calf roping and wild cow milking. A carnival, baseball games, and xilitical speeches are other attrac- :ions slated. Invitations have been extended candidates of the area to tend. Large crowds are expected lo hrong Ihe reunion grounds. Santa, Anna, Coleman and Bangs wll! honored on the opening day. Cole- man will have a special delegation present, (n addition to its high school band. Quiz Spy Suspects YORK. July spe- lal federal grand Jury Investigating espionage today questioned two of- iclals of the Hamburg-American teamshlp line, whose ships have tjeen used In surreptitious depart- ures by several of 18 persons indlcl- :d on spy charges last May.
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