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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - July 3, 1938, Abilene, Texas WESTTEXAtf OWM MEWSMKR VOL-LVIII, NO. 35. From Third To First In Two Weeki OR WITH OFFENSE TO FR1LNDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, TEXAS. SUNDAY MORNING, JULYJJ938 THIRTY-TWO PAGES IN THREE PRICE 5 CENTS O'DANIEL PASSES M'CRAW, THOMPSON IN STATEWIDE POLL (Copyright, 1938) (Editor's note: This Is the second of three pre-primary summaries published by The Reporter-News and 11 other newspapers cooperating In a statewide poll of voter opinion In the governor's race. It lays no claim to infallibility; and Is printed solely as valid cross- section of voter'thought; a pic- ture of voter trends three weeks before the primary. The final poll will appear July 11.) AUSTIN. July a dubious third place two weeks ago, W. Lee O'Daniel had careened to defi- nlte rirst place in the governor's race with three weeks to go before the primary balloting. Tills lead was reflected in the outspoken 87 per cent of the checked which constitute the mid- dle-sized cities of Texas. Since the last survey was con- ducted by 13 Texas newspapers, the state has seen the phenomenon of a candidate without a poll tax cap- ture not only the Imagination but the active voting support of approxi- mately 30 per cent over field of 12 opponents. It has all happened within the past two weeks. Veteran, polilical observers believe the next two weeks will show whether or not this un- orthodox rise is of the substantial tree variety or the beating of wings which will decline with the same rapidity thai, it rose. 13 PEB CENT UNDECIDED The decision o[ the 13 per cent "undecided" may markedly affect the outcome of the primary race, if Its shift Is strongly to any Indi- vidual, and If it breaks the statis- tical of lengthening the dis- tances between the various stand- Ings. This poll represents a direct check of the preference of 5 per cent of the voters In areas representing prospective votes In the first with s combined voting jtrcngth of approximately BUYING HEAVY- It gives William McCraw a vls- ble edge over Ernest Thompson, )ut leave a free scramble between McCraw and Thompson for place In the run-off. CAPTURED VOTERS It presents to Texas voters t. sta- tistical analysis of Ihe most remark- able development In politics wlth- .n the memory of the oldest poli- entry of a business man, unknown to government and poll- tics, highly unorthodox In his cam- paigning, backed by a hill-billy band, taking collections In every audlenee, undiscovered as a factor until a month ago, commanding crowds two See STATE POLL, Pg. 5, Col. 1 Stocks Take Gaudy Rally Usual Holiday Unrest Absent Some Industrials Carry To Highest Levels Since Oct. By CLAUDE A. JAGGER Associated Press General Financial Editor NEW YORK, July street shattered tradition with a burst of pre-holidav buying today that sent stocks of industrial corporations to the highest levels since October. All markets will be closed Monday, Independence Day. So strong was conviction that the spectacular advance of the past fortnight marked a turn In the eco- nomic cycle, that the usual ten- dency to be uneasy about holding stocks over an extended weekend was absent. RALLY'S SECOND WEEK Leading Industrial shares were bid up to lifting the average or 30 representative stocks S1.30 to highest since October 30. Turnover of shares was the highest for a Saturday since October 23. ThaV" the record-breaking up- swlhg pt last week aJitmld-.earry on through a second week'without serious Interruption left- 'the fin- ancial community surprised. Out of months of stagnation with smallest trading in a couple ot without warning a two-weeks' appreciation ot some In quoted stock and bond values. HOW DID IT HAPPEN? One theory was that canny trad- ers, looking for the bottom of the slump In July suddenly noted such measures of business activity as shipments of merchandise over the 'railroads and consumption of elec- tricity, had been creeping upward for weeks. Then they noted com- modity prices rising. The govern- ment's new pump-priming was about to begin. About the time they began to buy stocks, manufacturers decided it was not a bad time to buy raw materials. The movement quickly attracted attention of other poten- tial buyers, and the movement be- came a stampede. So analysts claim the indications of the turn Is at hand. How far or how fast economic improvement will progress Is 'another matter. Word County Votes Courthouse Bonds MONAHAN'S, July Ward county citizens voted 738 to 201 today to issue In bonds to build R new courthouse and pall In Mortahans, the new county seat. In Monahans. the vote was 597 to four In favor of the Issue, while in Barstow, until recently the Issue was opposed, six to 144, Other boxes reported: Pyote, three for, 26 against; Grandfalls, 62 tor, 13 against; Royalty, 70 fur, 14, against. Hot Dogs Are Piece De Resistance As Roosevelts Fete Royalty With Picnic HYDE PARK, N. Y., July ate American hot dogs with Mr. and Mrs. Roosevelt today on rough picnic grounds high above the Hudson river. Crown Princess Louise of Sweden was the guest of honor. It was at the president's Insistence that the open-air luncheon was served In a woodsy, wild spot near his new cottage site on Dutchess Hill rather than at the more manicured picnic grounds at Val-Klll cottage nearby. But It was Mrs. Roosevelt who demanded that the fare include honest-to-goodness hot dog such as any tourist might get ot an American roadside stand, as well as a Swedish smorgasbord. In addition to the hot dog. Crown Princess and her party, which included the Swedish Minister and Madame Bostrum were treated to a Swedish' salad, made principally of herring and hardbolled eggs. FD TO DEDICATE GETTYSBURG SHAFT TO 'ETERNAL PEACE' Two Civil War Veterans Will Unveil Battlefield Monument In Rites Today ____ By FRANKLIN BANKER GETTYSBURG, Pa., July American symbol of eternal" will be dedicated by President Roosevelt tomorrow on this field where Ihe blood of a divided nation was spilled 15 years ago. In the presence of vcterr-ns of the blue and the gray, lenting together on the..scene of the battle the-chief executive will consecrate to a. "united nation" a 40-foot shaft of Alabama lime- stone, topped by a light that will glow "forever." the Per Capita Debt Up July 1. The treasury reported today public debt rose in the past year to an average of S285.10 for every c-.an, woman and child in the na- tion. This was J1.07 more than the amount owed per person a year ago. Final figures on the government's fiscal year, which ended Thursday showed the debt totaled This Was 583 more than the total a year ago. Interest payments on the obligation during the year required a seventh ot all the government's expenses. The treasury listed as the public debt only its own direct obligations. In addition it said the government had contingent liabilities of or more than a year ago. The Increase in the public, debt the year resulted from gov- ernment borrowing to meet a deficit eighth in a row, but the smallest since the depression bcgnn. In millions of dollars omit- here are the figures on (he government's finances for the last two years and unofficial estimates for the year just started: June 30 Rcpt.s. Spdg. Defc. Debt 1937 36.425 1938 1939 33000 The aged heroes of the War Be- tween, the States, for whose reunion" Sunday's pecclacle Is to provide the high point, reviewed a military parade today. Then many retired early, worn out. DOHEHTY SPEAKS Meantime, in a speech for a "vet- erans night" reunion, Daniel 3 Doherty, national commander of ths American Legion, said this battle- field "affords the world Its greatesl object lesson in peace" and the mer who fought there afforded Amer- ica's doughboys an object lesson Ir courage. "There is no other record In all he added, "where 75 years afterwards, tht survivors of opposing armies me[ on the field of battle in friendship, af- fection and brotherly love." Two of the aging men who foughl here three quarters of a century ago, one in the blue of the north am mth the other In the gray of the soul will unveil the monument to "peai eternal." Then, as a hood of bronze is lift- ed from the top of the tower a twilight, an electrical device will tun on a three-foot gas fame to burn a symbol of the friendship that ceeded the war between the state: 6 Killed In Crash QUAKERTOWN, Pa., July members of a Freeland, Pa., family and two companions were killed today when their automobile was demolished by a Lehigh Valley transit company high speed eiectrli trolley near here. 42 PER CENT PICK O'DANIEL IN POLL HERE In (he city of Abilene a carefully conducted poll on the governor's race showed a swiftly rising sentiment or W. Lee O'Danlel with William McCraw and Ernest O. Thompson "neck-and-neck" In second place. Several hundred persons were con Ucted by postal card and by per- sonal interview. Cards were sent vot ers residing In the city who were picked at random with no regard for occupation, income status or any other factor. Care was" taken to obtain a true cross-section of the people. A return card was sent, with blank spaces for answers to the questions: Who will you vote for Who do you think will win? In al- most every instance the voter said he believed "his man" would win. In addition to the mail check member of the staff was sent to In- terview scores of people. He stop- ped them on the streets, checked oil men and traveling men in hotel lob- bies, housewives In their homes, tak- ing care at all times to steer clear of any candidate's headquarters, or of persons publicly connected with the campaign of any candidate. When all the individual answers were put together the candidates lined up in the city (no rural voters polled) as follows, according to the indicated percentage of the city vote that each would receive today percen McCraw Hunter Undecided per cen. 9 percent 15 per cen Coast Guard Finds Stolen Sailboat GALVESTON, July United states coast .guard patrol boat Woodbury tonight was pro- ceeding- toward Galveston harbor, towing the auxiliary sailboat Artemis, stolen from the Galveston yacht club basin early Tuesday. It was captured 4 p. m. today by the. patrol boat Nike at a point 100 miles south of Calcasleu Pass on the southwestern Louisiana coast after an extensive five-day seavcl- by army and 'coast guard officials Berger Benson, commander of th< eighth coast guard district messages between the Nike and Irn Mobile coast guard station in'er- cepted by Ihe coast guard station here indicated officers' Of the Nik' had taken into custody a man identified as a Galveston seaman. Debt Accord Makes Peace Hopes Bright By J. G. STARK LONDON. July 2. Britain's debt settlement with Gei 15 many gave a fresh Impetus today Prime Minister Neville Chambe. Iain's plans for a general Europea appeasement. Talk of possible early approach loward the broad political issu now keeping on Anglo-German nanclal questions. Other factors also an improved feeling about thj lure. Including cessation on Spanish insurgent attacks on British shin- pin" fl For GOP Baits Line 1940 Catch In Demo Waters Republicans Hope To Capitalize On Realignment Then Br KIRKE L. SIMPSON WASHINGTON, July 1. Republican fishing In troubled democratic waters in Ihe south Is aimed toward capitalizing in 1MO rather than In this year's elections m th< liberal-conservative rift imong the democrats. The appeal made recently In Alabama by John Hamilton, chair- man ot the republican national committee, for alliances with "Jef- fersonian democrats" In the south, will be repeated on (he fourth til July In Virginia, hotbed of south- ern party opposition to many Roosevelt policies. VIRGINIA REBELS The consistent anti-New Deal at- titude of both or Virginia's demo- cratic senators, Glass and Byrd, In- vited this step. Their stand paved the way for Hamilton's most dram- atized invasion of the solid south. The republican pilgrimage which Hamilton will lead to the grave of Thomas Jefferson may appear to have been conceived merely as an off-set to what President Roosevelt may say tomorrow at Gettysburg of the liberalism of Abraham Lin coin. That either Hamilton or any other republican leader of na- tional prominence actually hopes to pick up many senate or house seats for the party In the south this year is open to question. It can- not be doubted, however, that they forsee a democratic party break by which may make the electoral vote or the south an uncertain fac- tor In a presidential contest for the only time since the War Between the States, excepting the Hoover- Smith campaign In 1928. What dims any prospects of significant republican victories in Ihe south this year, as sin- dents of politics view the situ- ation, fa Ihe obvious tict that southern democratic opponents of the president are sUking everythlng on reclaiming con- trol of the party's national ma- chinery In ISM, wilK the aid conservative democrats .In the. See KEPTJBUCANS, fl.t, Festive 4th Fetes Invite West Texans COWBOY REUNION HEADLINES DOZEN HOLIDAY ATTRACTIONS Mayor Places Okeh On Refunding Plan Mayor Will w. Hair Saturday aft- ernoon completed his checking of f-e contract under which Abilene'. tax bond debt of will be refunded and gave his approval to the program. The city commission Friday had approved the contract, subject to a check of technical details by the mayor and city attorney. WUh cer- States warships umjui ana ciiy attorney, wllh cer- onues warsnips were ttflcation by the city secretary the ported rushlnS to south Cl contract is completed, ready for the Ol today to take bond syndicate composed of Brown- Crummer, R. A. Underwood and Co., iui a Ken- SM Luingui, ancr eral refunding, the Issuance of re- planes staged the second funding bonds maturing serially two days at Swatow. over a period of 40 years, the city retaining a three-year option on the bonds. The interest rates of the original bonds will be maintained. If You Want To Dodge Death On July Fourth... AUSTIN, July' ghastly death toll of Fourth-of- July celebrations, today prompt- ed stale police to devise these safety rules; motor trips early enough to maintain safe driv- ing speed, avoid weariness by changing drivers and don't drink anything rwtth alcohol In (2) Stay off congested roads if possible, give proper signals at all times, be eternally vigilant and don't park on'highways. (3) Avoid night driving and the fatal "twilight hour" or. If you must, keep your tail and headlights and dimmers In ex- cellent working order. Exert all possible caution In swimming and diving. Don't use fireworks. Japs Break Sino River Defense Bloody Fighting Follows Advance; Jap Plans Quiet SHANGHAI, July Japanese land and .naval .onslaught up the Yangtze river today toward the Chinese provision capital of Hankow spurted into sudden bloody action today about which the In- vaders pinned an ominous veil ot secrecy. The Chinese admitted the Japan- ese steamed a' small transport In over the iunken boom Matowchen, after many'days' pounding at this defense, and land- ed several hundred Japanese shock troops at a village four miles up- stream. This was done by running a gauntlet of steady machine-gun fire from the banks and as soon as the Invaders landed they attacked Chinese positions In sanguinary fighting which continued hours later. HONGKONG, July were re ___ China port of Swatow today to take part in probable evacuation of all for- jiuuimer, K. A. unaerwood and Co e'sners as result of Japanese md Callihiin and Jackson, Dallas' attacks, bond houses, to start their work. The contract provides for a gen- ed likely tonight alter Japanese ingl 'he rodeo, is slated attack In a batnlns revue and swimming and diving contest. Pecos, proudly claiming to be the scene of the world's first rodeo donned bright colors and be- Estimates of the two days' casual- ties placed the number at 500 kill- ed and wounded, including 200 school children. Hoskell, Eastland, Cisco, Pecos, Post, B'Spring, La mesa, Brady Boast Events INQUIRIES ON 4th NET TON OF HAYWIRE ting the de, will be quiet, Stamford, teskeil, i uanHjsa, Brady, Pecos Rhlnelantl anri i few others will team with human activity. nnmeiana and Destined to rank again among holiday celebrations is the Texn Cowboy reunion at Stamford. Last night the crowds werTa ready laTh- erlng there. Today the dust, should gain- be logging, and Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday will find the event In full swing. NOTABLES TO ATTEND There will be rodeo performances twice dally, square dances and sponsor's balls each night, chuck wagon dinner, fiddling contests, whooping time lor all. Notables to appear will in- clude Governor James V. All-.. red, Senator Tom C'onnally, Cowboy Aclor Gene Aulry, and Ihe .Bishop of Lund, from Sweden. And not unnoticed will br. several dozen of West Teias' most attractive girls. Allred yesterday advised Max Benlley, radio station KRBC mana- ger, that he will reach Stamford about noon Monday. He Is to drive through from Kerrvllle, leaving early In th emornlng, A sport still much loved by many will hold forlh IS miles northward, at Hukelt. There drivers from several states will thrill thousands with auto races. are set at p. m. Sunday and Monday on the improved Haskell track, only one currently used in West Texas CISCO CELEBRATES Already underway Is the- ful pageant at Cisco. Cisco girls participated in a bathing revue last night, and visitors will com- pete in the Oil Belt revue Monday night. Following Monday' night's revue, an elaborate is to be staged over Lake Cisco's sur- face.: A carnival is already in full swing, and swimmers, boaters and campers were thronging the towri Saturday. Easlland claiming to be "The Homed Toad Capital of the Is preparing for a horned frog derby. Abo carded re softball games, parades, street dances, a. Sunday singing convention, street water fight, old fiddler's contest, fireworks display and bathing revue. RODEOS Big Spring likewise began the holiday celebration Saturday, as her annual rodeo opened. It will con- tinue through Monday, with two performances daily. Sunday a soft- ball game, San Angelo versus Big Spring, Is booked. Monday even See JULY 4, I'g. 2, Col S EVANGELIST 78, BRIDE Girl Weds Gipsy Smith, Her 'Hero' Since Childhood T.rvs AMn.7Tt7c f> LOS ANGELES, July S.-WJ-Mary Alice Shaw IS to was married today to "my hero since I was a child r- Gipsy Smith, 78, an evangelist of the old time religion m on five continents. The ceremony was performed in the Hollywood home of the bride's mother, Mis. Allie G. Brady a setting reminiscent of the Romany Gypsy's boyhood I- days In rural England. Tears glistened In the eyes of titian haired Miss to Shaw. musician snd theological student, as she said 'I do." She had met her bridegroom In England when she was 12, "I look upon him as I would a she had said before the marriage. The Baptist marriage vows were pronounced by the bridegroom's son, Hev. Rodney Smith. 50, of Mystic Conn. The bride was attended by her granddaugh- ter-to-be, Betty Smith. Only a handful of guests were present, but a color- ful group of Los Angeles gypsies In gay dress watched from the outside. "I feel like boy Ihe bridegroom said, after the ceremony. Previously he had explained that his admiration for Mary Alice had "blossomed into and "it is a good Jove." His first wife died a year ago. He said the honeymoon trip might include evan- gelistic engagements. By BROOKS PEDEN Who signed the declaration of independence? Sounds simple doesn't It? But If you want to hear some peculiar answers that should make the actual signers of that historic document dizzy irom rolling over in their graves, just start asking peo- ple that question. Or for the matter of that, try answering It yourself without re- ferring to an encyclopedia or his- tory. Now then, consdiering that you have sjient a. full five minute in concentration on the question, how did you come out? No! Absolutely not! Washington ha4 nothing to do with itfniof the declaration. was off somewhere throwing sll- Ter dollars the Rappahut- nock, or something. Or have you even remembered yet when the declaration was signed? For that. matter, have you the slightest idea as to what body authorized the signing.' pipse last two questions ly.elemeritary, but don't leei discour- sged If you don't know fitter at them. In a recent serin pi interviews with approximately 150 Abilenulfis, half of them didn't know when, where, or by'whom the declaration was signed. ABE WASNT PRESENT You might is well quit thinklni about .Abraham too. That was four score and seven years later and wasn't a declaration anyhow. It was a proclamation of emancipation And as for WoodrowWilson, tskftsk) certainly you should know better than that. fewer .than dozen Abilenians have been labor- ing under the impression that'Wil- son was the man that signed the de- claration. _ Let's start over again. Think hard now. What happened in ms? Nope wrong again. The fife and rum corps represents the "Spirit of not the declaration Independence. No, no! Paul Revere was In 1775. Think again, what about July 4? Sw DECLARATION, Pg. t, Col I The Weather ABILENE etnlr WEST TEXAS UHLAKUHA! fair Sunday and Monday T. AST T EX AS: 1'arl Iv cloudy N u Md Mnlhtrly on toasl. .NEW MEXICO: Tartly cloudy Sa id -Monday; tutle chinre [n trmixra il AM M HOl'R 95 19 M >l Neon MldnllM ____V. Hltttttt tow-fit frmrfratont P. m. and TI; tame }txr ajo, M and 74. mart l Inday, As Reporter-News Camera Recorded News Events In MayAndJune T HSNIXG ST.lRTvS AGAIN This reminder that May 1 was opening of the fishing season and that Lake Abilene and Lake Kitty have been so popular that more than permits already have been Issued to anglers this year, A new lime record. These feminine fishers on the open- Ing day of the season dragged In a string ot 15 beau- tiful crapple 'em) at I4bt AbUeai. COUNTV VOTES DRY May 14 brought sweeping victory for dry forcis in Iv Taylor county beer for to sgalnst. Above, Mrs. Morgan Jones, R dry leader, casts her ballot ft> the Fair Park vollng box. Scaled is one of the. offi- cials, Carroll Rogers, while at Ihe right Is Mrs. Dallas Scar- borough, Abilene'4 only woman election Judge, NATIONAL BAND CONTEST Abilene was site of national music contests May 19. 20 and 31, the event high school bjndstcrs by the thousands from Tests, Oklahoma, and New Mex- ico. Por hour and a qunrter. bunds Joined In the fealure parade through the downlovn section, the pic- lure above Just a lUmpse, ol Ihe m.rchlng BISHOP IS HONORED First visit of Dr. Ivan Lee Holt> (center) new bishop of the iVorthwest Texas Methodist conference, to Abilene was the occasion for a banQuet in the McMurry college gymnasium, where more than 300 ministers and other guests aiscmbled. Also pictured arc Presiding Elder C. A Blcfcley and President Thonus W. Brabham or McMurry. CLYDE IN ITS SORROW The night of June 10 tore through the town of Clyde, leaving 14 dead or fatally Injured and many others less seriously hurt. Such scenes this, at Clyde's little Church of Christ, was enacted six times as friends and relatives paid their final tribute to those they had lost. In all. twelve new mounds nere left In the cemetery there.
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