Abilene Reporter News, April 15, 1938 : Front Page

Publication: Abilene Reporter News April 15, 1938

Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 15, 1938, Abilene, Texas nm? TTSMS9 ©WM IMMvIRfk Abilene_“WITHOUT,    OR    W    ITH    OFFENSE    TO    FRIENDS    OR    FOES,    WE    SKETCH    YOUR    WORLD    EXACTLY    AS    IT    COES,"-Byron VOL. LYU, NO. 327. iuodiM Pitas (API ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 15, 1938—SIXTEEN PAGES Halts* PMM (UP) PRICE 5 CENTS FDR Links Conductory Cooperation Plod To Recovery Procram W A PIM T NT OTO M A nrl I 1 ** (ZP\_ Pl'Ot IHenf I? rvvavol f    j    ai________(J i .m WASHINGTON, April 15. {IP)—President Roosevelt linked to his multi-billion dollar recovery program today a conciliatory plea for bcooperation apparently designed to allay any business fears of future administration moves. In word, in tone, Mr. Roosevelt’s message to congress and his address to the nation appeared to encourage slpport for his spend- for-recovery proposals from the staunchest critic of enlarged federal spending—business. Noticeably absent in both was any attack on “economic royalists,’’ on abuses of the ‘'small minority,’’ on the “selfishness on the part of the few’’ which he said March 23 in Gainesville, Ga., was holding back “national progress and national prosperity.” Instead, the president spoke of “self-restraint,” and said that while time would bring the necessity of new adjustments, “our immediate task is to consolidate and maintain the gains achieved.” He declared that business not only “must help” but that “I am sure business will help” in restoring recovery. Senator Byrnes (D-SC), one of those who conferred with Mr. Roosevelt on preparation of the recovery message, stressed its conciliatory approach by joining it with the president’s “no recriminations” note to house leaders after a democratc-republican coalition had smashed his government reorganization bill. This assurance, Byrnes said, was designed as much to quiet business uneasiness over possible retaliatory measures as to re- ' assure the representatives voting against the bill. There were presidential advisers who had urged carrying the un successful reorganization fight “to the people” lest Mr. Roosevelt's influence at the capitol during the remainder of his term be perceptibly weakened. The president chose instead to say that “because I do not expect too much, I am not disappointed!” Some White House friends, keeping in mind the past support of so-called liberals in congressional and labor ranks, questioned the political wisdom cf the more conciliatory approach to business. Others said there was time for Mr. Roosevelt to give more vigorous battle for governmental and business “reforms” between the adjournment of congress and November’s congressional elections. Nowhere did the president indicate he had relinquished any of his long-time objectives such as curbing monopolistic practices and price-fixing, But his message and address left listeners with an Impression that he intended pressing no immediate action to gain those objectives. Mr. Roosevelt omitted any mention of the reorganization bill, whose rejection a week ago left party feelings raw. He chase instead to express ' again” a “hope” for wage-and-hour legislation at this session, a measure of entirely different political complexion by reason of powerful, if divided, labor support. Before the session Is out, Mr. Roosevelt's call for a “united national will” may have had an opportunity to reflect its popular reaction in congress. IN TWO MESSAGES TO CONGRESS-Will Insurgent Troops March New Wage-Hour To Mediterranean Coast Measure Fought Loyalist Spain DEMO NOMINEE MILITARY HISTORY OF SPANISH WAR Split In Half By Advance Rebel Banners Are Planted In Vinaroz Suburbs KENDAYE, France (At The Spanish Border), April 15.— (AP)—General Miguel Aranda’s insurgent forces today planted their red and gold banner on the shore of the Mediterranean sea near Vinaroz. dividing Catalonia from the rest of government Spain. GOAL IN OFFENSIVE Insurgent officers at Irun asserted the goal of Generalissimo Francisco Franco's 37-day offensive was reached when Arandas troops forced their way across the coastal highway and leached the sea in the southern sift)urns of Vinaroz. A little later they entered that town, 108 miles southwest of Barcelona. By AP Feature Service 4    mill*    Ty history *•{ Spain's 21-month-old civil war, as told by the key numbers on the map above: I. July 17, 1936, Spanish for-The advance severed all remain- eign legion revolts in Morocco. 2. Sept. 13. Northern insurgent army drives to the sea, takes San Sebastian. 3. Nov. 2. Insurgents advance to Madrid, halted by loyalists on edge of citv. 4. March 16.    1937. Madrid loyalists gain first notable victory, rout Italian “volunteers” at Guadalajara. 5. June IC. Insurgents continue north coast cleanup, taking Bilbao. Oviedo falls in September. 6. Feb. 22, 1938. Insurgents take Teruel. 7. March IO. Insurgents start “greatest offensive” to split Madrid and Barcelona by marching south to sea. ing land communications between Barcelona, the government capital, and Valencia and Madrid. Earlier Arandas forces occupied San Jorge six miles from Vinaroz and the Mediterranean—the last ; village barring the way to direct assault on the Barcelona government's main coastal highway. From San Jorge the insurgents drove eastward along an improved highway, extending the salient by which they hope to split Catalonia off from the rest of government Spain. By road the distance from San Jorge to Vinaroz is eight miles. Insurgent reports said the Val-encia-Barcelona road was under heavy fire and that traffic had    f     y.....-****/»    mua.v been suspended. Telephone lines "SS    ?L    ?rIi™,„tlle-_f.oncl.^‘on,    of    m06t    Heu,ral    military JAP ARMY SPOKESMAN SILENT ON REPORTED SINO DISASTER Military Experts Declare Losses In Shantung Battle Sector Heavy at this a better dis- SHANGHAI. April 15. 'TV—Hie Japanese army’s spokesman today *r*bution of our prosperity.” By Southerners Elimination Of All Wage Differentials Opposition Cause WASHINGTON, April 15.—(ZP) —Southern opposition developed in the house today against the new wage-hour bill, chiefly because of the elimination of all wage differentials. Representative McReynolds (D-Tenn>, who led the southern opposition to the legislation rejected by the houe last December, expressed belief the new measure would never reach the house floor. McReynolds said he was personally "very much opposed” to the new bill because he believed it would “work a great nardsnip cm the south.” The new bill would provide for a graduated minimum wage starting at 25 cents an hour and increasing to 40 cents at the end of three years. It also would provide for reduction of the work week from 44 hours to 40 hours in two years. William Grean, A. F. of L. presL dei*, tentatively approved the bill today. While Green withheld final approval until he has had a chance to study all angles, he said: “It seems that they have arrived at the A. F. of L. point of view.” Green said the 25 cent figure was too low, but that the A. F of L highly approved of a single 1 s andard for the entire country without geographical differentials. He also approved of the enforcement provisions. ^ The labor committee approved the measure at an overtime session last night, and Chairman Norton <D-NJ) said its chances for reaching the presidents desk were “good ” The committee acted only a few hours before Mr. Roosevelt told the nation in his “fireside chat' he hoped congress would enact a wage-hour bill session to “insure Rep. Scott W. Lucas ( above) of Havana, 111 , was nominated on the democratic ticket for Senator from Illinois. He had the backing of the Governor Horner organization. Rescue Elderly Man From Mob Crushed Body Of Tot Discovered In Weed Patch Hoarded Golds Buying Power Enters Trade Simple Memo Deposited With Reserve System WASHINGTON, April 15— (AR) — The purchasing power of the treasury’s $1,392,000,000 of desterilized gold poured into trade channels today, although the bullion itself did not leave its vaults. The treasury got a spendable credit for the metal by depositing in the federal reserve system a simple memorandum, promising to pay on demend an equivalent amount of gold certificate currency backed by the metal. This was possible because gold is the only international standard of value which has survived centuries of experimentation with such articles as beads, corn, copper and silver. By law, each ounce of approximately pure gold is worth $35 in the United States, but even if there were no law, the value might be nearly as high. The European free market price usually has been slightly under $35, but occasionally it has exceeded that figure within the last aeveral months HEAVY GOLD INFLUX Both because the American price usually was a few cents higher and because the United States appeared to be a safe place to hoard the money of war-scared foreigners, about $5,000,000,000 in gold came to this country during the last five years. The desterilizd gold largely was part of this inflow. As a result, the treasury now owns $12,800,000,-000 of gold—about half the gold in Huge Recovery Drive Pressed Toward Goals Existence Of Democratic Institutions Depends On Beating The Depression, Executive Says In Chat To Nation WASHINGTON, April 15.—(AP)—President Roosevelt, pressing his drive for business recovery, said today he would ask congress shortly to strengthen anti monopoly laws and to permit taxing the income from all future government bond issues and government salaries. He plans two messages to congress on those subjects, he told his press conference. The president, in his message yesterday asked congress to be “definitely aware’’ of the need for eliminating exemptions on future bond issues of all | * -- Fair Weather Is Hope For Easter Twister, Sand, Hail And Rain Area Prelude Todry't fjr* weather that foU lowed a blustery thunderstorm of that existence of “our democratic I yesterday afternoon gave Abileni-institutions” depends on defeat- ans bHght hop€s for a falf kinds of government agencies md for subjecting salaries and wages of all kinds to federal and state income taxes. INCOMES EXEMPT State employes now paying a | state income tax are exempt from the federal levy and federal employes paying federal tax are exempt from state levies. The president talked to the large gathering of reporters while his recovery campaign went forward on many fronts. He told the nation last night from Barcelona, provisional govern- in" modern'time*! mVcXTt ba me m^^^hSr^Slmnll^^^ce^ merit cap.tal, to \alencia and Mad- The experts said conservative estimates indicated Japanese forc«s rid were said to have been cut. had suffered more than 50 per cent casualties in fighting of the past San Jorge first was surrounded. j*n days, in which they were thrown back from Taierchwang on the While the besiegers closed in for Grand canal to Yihslen, 20 miles to the northwest, the final capture advance patrols aPancse reports indicated the Japanese command was speeding already wpre driving further past mil'orcemen's 'rom the north.,--_ --------! northeast, south anc! southeast to- Roil Ass n Warns Forced Wage Cuts WASHINGTON, April -The Association of 15—(UP) See SPAIN, Pf 16. Col. 7 What Is Your News 1.0.? ward the Shantung battlefield. The foreign experts believed that of 50,000 Japanese engaged in the fight for Taierchwang 7,000 to 10.-000 were killed and 20.000 wounded. Jubilant Chinese claims of 20,-000 Japanese killed were believed too high. Chinese losses, the foreigners estimated. were two or three times as large as the Japanese, since the SHANGHAI. April 15. (UP) —The bitterest battle of the ( hinese-Japanese war raged today along a 60-mile front from Hanchwang to Linyi in southern shantung province, scene of the recent Japanese defeat. Search For Frame Suspects Fruitless Border Section Viewed From Air (marthan I .......    0Ut    t0    Pla.V    W*th Railroads warned rail labor „4“! '‘‘H?Lf?a «, y spoA.“ A SfSJSS the carriers will yet machmeT, “rn nWr lh'    *nd    d'»utl,s sou*m LOS ANGELES. April 15.—— Sheriffs deputies rescued an elderly man from a mob of enraged the world neighbors early today arter the Ab°ut $5,000,000,000 of the metal crushed body of Jenny Moreno, 7, ls *n ft n*w subterranean vault at was found in a patch of weeds near ^0I’T Knox. Ky., and the remainder her Downey home.    is scattered among the federal re el res of ‘ lynch him” were heard serve banks and federal mints. as officers shouldered through the Before December 24. 1936, when-crowd to Charles A. McLachlen, 55, ever the treasury bought gold, it who was being mauled and beaten Pad t°r it by printing currency Excited neighbors told Sergeant backed by the metal. It is illegal Frank O. Smith that blood stained lor the meta] itself to circulate as clothing was found in the smoul- mor)ey. The gold-selling foreign dering embers of a fire in McLach-i!hus Rot dollars which he delens backyard shortly after the Posited in a bank, and the bank girl’s body was discovered,    oouM lend the dollars out the same John Moreno, who had sought hi* as anY °ther deposits, daughter for hours, finally discov- But near the end of 1936, prices ered the scene of the slaying only , comrnodities began rising swift-100 yards from his house. Jenny, an(* fiscal officials decided that her head bludgeoned, was lying face continued expansion of the banks’ downward in tall grass.    _    _ She was last seen 8bout noon    GOLD,    pg.    7,    Col.    3 when she went ing the forces of depression The president expressed belief at the press conference that taxing the income from future issue. of bonds of government bodies could be accomplished without a constitutional amendment. He said the constitution permitted taxation of income from whatever source derived without exception. Asked about his suggestion for simplifying supervision of banks, the president pointed out there wer* three federal agencies now examining national banks—the week end. But the weatherman doesn’t hold to that hosf. The official weather forecast says tonight and Saturday will be cloudy. It was a little early to be forecasting for Sunday. The weather late yesterday put on a variety act in this section, featuring sand, hail, showers and a small twister at Colorado. Abilenes rainfall amounted to 40 inch. That brought the total for April to .69 inch; the year, to 7.77 Abilene FO Orders New Air Mail Issue motion to force wage cuts. * ~l to-trw* th<nr ownPrshiP-AU indications were tha ccutives of the labor organizations Order was sent LAREDO, April 15— representing nearly 1.000.000    rtvlshed'    lnvestiga- road workers would stand firm in i__ their refusal to accept less pay. President J. J. Peiiey 0f the Asso-    Bicycle'    Shinned To nation of American railroads, after    DICTCieS    JnippeO IO A::    aerial    conferring with association execu-    Alaska Bv Mrs Posfr search over    southwest    Texas    brush    Mve$ on the economic plight of their    * country-    for    slayers    of    the Fromes!*16,000 000 000    ,B) industry an-    LUBBOCK    April 15 — (A*) — Bi- nounced that the executives would cycles for a couple of Eskimos in Rue the labor chiefs one last chance the Arctic circle were enroute to to consider their proposals for sal- Point Barrow. Alaska, today . ary reductions.    They    were    shipped    by    Mrs.    Mac ~ Post, widow of the late Wiley Post, two] failed to reveal any trace of suspects reported in this area State highway patrolmen made a five-hour search from the air yesterday over the territory between Laredo, Mission and Zapata. They failed to sight an automobile, reportedly used by a man and a blond woman. Tile automobile and its two occu- Each question counts 20; each part of a two-part question, IO. A score of 60 is fair; 80 good. Answers on page 9. I. Who is this “strong man”? 2 Is England's “Cliveden set” 'a) a new type of tennis. (bi a group of higher-ups often entertained at Lady Astor's home, Cliveden, or ic) a fraction advocating the return to CUvc's policies in India? 3. What island now is joined to the U. S. mainland by a road built partly on the trestles of a railway destroyed by hurricane? 4. Most of the people of Liechtenstein, the principality that recently changed leadership. are Germans. True or false? • 5. Why is the Atlantic ocean bottom near IrddfiJ to be plowed?    D A sandwich shop at Roma Tho man became talkative about the slaying of Mrs. Weston G Frome and her daughter. Nancy, near Van Horn, and officers started in pursuit. Border Patrolman Jesse Perez said he was convinced the couple was not involved. 25,000 /.crc Ranch Goes Into Farms Chinese had much larger forces engaged and won in the final phase by smothering their foe by weight of numbers, cutting off and destroying Japanese detachment'! in hand-to-hand fighting. The Japanese army spokesman, facing foreign correspondents in a tense conference, tried to ignore the recent past by insisting the tide had turned. Concerning the foreign experts’ estimate of the Taierchwang battle he said he had “no statement to make.” although he admitted bitter fighting was in progress “north of the ruins of Taierchwang”—his first admission the Japanese had been back. Told that in the absence of a Japanese denial foreign correspondents must “assume that Japan has suffered a major military disaster.” the spokesman said: “I have no information to give. Even if the figures mentioned were accurate, this would not be the ____ time to announce them since they Slaughter ranches, w-hich once ex might indicate the strength of the tended into Martin. Howard, Daw-#    _____ .,    ^    Ai    and    Borden auntie!, (• go un der the 0low. % <*» Cancels Trip AUSTIN, April 13- new issue of air mail startup commemorating the anniversary of the inauguration of air mail service, First day stamps will be issued May 14, at Dayton. Ohio, and St. Petersburg, Fla The stamps will be placed on sale here May 15, Paul Scott, assistant postmaster, said this morning. The new stamps will be of distinctive design and will be the same size as the present special delivery startup, Scott pointed out that the present stamps were comparatively inconspicuous, but would be very notice- federal reserve board, the federal 1 inches, deposit insurance corporation and Striking at 2 p. rn., a miniature the comotroller of teh currency. ] cyclone at Colorado tore the roofs The chief executive said he    had    from several buildings in the city’s not looked for    the telegraphic    re-1 outskirts, and a small building was sponses to his    message >nd    last    leveled on a farm east of the town night’s radio speech appealing for a A Ught rain followpd “united will" to support the pro-1 At Coleman ^    al ram. but that a    secretary had    In-    ^h, accompanied bv small hail formed him there were several I    ,    *    “I , u hundred messages. These ran about1    .    *    damaRe-    The    rain- I ran was beneficial to grain. Rain also was reported at Bal-—    j linger, Brady and Brownwood. Snyder had a light sprinkle: and Sweetwater and Roscoe had light hail and showers. The Roscoe moisture amounted to .41 inch. Other points reporting shower a yesterday included Rotan, Roby, Stamford. Albany. Haskell. Baird and Clyde A heavy shower fell at Cross Plains, accompanied by light See FDR Pg. 7. Col. t Colorado Chamber Executive Resigns Carl Blasig To Go To Olney COLORADO, April 15.-'SpD-Carl A. Blasig, manager of the Colorado® chamber of commerce since June 16. 1937 tendered his resignation at a called meeting of the chamber of commerce directors Thursday night. He is reslgmng to become manager Retail Sales Best Since Christmas -Re- Iller/uTi0, btcyc!e^    destined    th.'Vtamiu   ¥riv llOMCr. for the Eskimos WIK) found the bod- able in the mails. “The larger size les of Past and Will Rogers, humor- should be perfectly .satisfactorily” James V. Al,red today w.stSTS    ^    ^    “V    Brownwood    he    had    been    the cancel a visit to Beaumont where he At Seattle the crated “wheels” | stamp, but if more^    I    Bracjy    chamt*r    of    commerce    man- NEW YORK, April 13— of    ta" 0Uy,n8 ,hls stlmulatodby chamwr of commerce.    *    J*    SSS ^    .. °i?S«t since last Christmas, Dun &s His resignation is to be effective Bradstreet reported April 31. Blasig assuming his du- Retail sales averaged 5 to 15 per ties at Olney May I.    cent above last week at leading cen- He came to Colorado trom ters of distribution throughout the Brownwood, where he was form- nation, and 2 to 5 per cent above erlv assistant WPA director, while the corresponding week last year, for several years previous to going  -------—. htd7wen'Creported    ££5    Tg? ■_»**» V>T*    V'T"    Vl.r7r” sandwich shop at Roma    eague    opening    day    ceremonies. sailing for Point Barrow May I. I stamps in a smaller .size IN ABILENE GARDENS— First The Cutworms And Th en The Freeze, But Good friday Is fine Day To Start Replanting ager. Here, he succeeded J. Green, now manager of the Spring chamber. H Big The Weather LUBBOCK, April 15 f* - The    ®v    BROOKS    PEDEN I last week. Some gardeners thrown -5,000-acre Lazy S ranch in Martin Oood Friday—Now is the time j English peas in bloom. I county—part of the C. C. Slaughter , to plant your gardens. At least, i£?Jlg!Th“ sold to br sub- such is the advice which used to ST    "PP™™"1?    125    be    given    in the old emily .teen- aes. but apparently Abilene had C. C. Slaughter, son of the founder of the ranch, has signed a contract with F. Z. Bishop of McAllen providing for conversion of the range into farms. This in the ninth of the IO See JAPAf%Pg 16, Col. P ,     gar deners, particularly those who work on a commercial or semi-oinmerical basis, have been disregarding the adage, As a matter of fact, many of the vegetables were planted in late February and early March. Peas and beans and sweet potatoe slips and maiy others had already obtained a good start by I, re-plan:ing now. and all men who yen for the agricultural life on a small and spare time scale might as well join the parade. A brief tour through the North Park district, one of the more in- Crowley Leaves To Launch Campaign WASHINGTON. April 15. (zfV-Solicitor Karl A. Crowley of the postoffice department left today by automobile for Texas to launch his campaign for the democratic nomination for governor of the state. He said he expected to arrive in Dallas April 19. Crowley was the guest of honor at a testimonial banquet last night attended by high administration of- vieinlty: Cloudy tonight ABILENE «rd »n<l Ssturday. W>»t Tex*? Partly cloudy cooler la •outhraxt portion ton.jht; Saturday, partly cloudy    r East Texas- Cl judy. local thundershowers in centra! and east portions tonixht and probably in extreme east portion Saturday; Cooler in southwest portion tonight PRK 1PITAT10N: 24 hrs endfn* 6:30 a.    rn    Kri.    .40    Inch Since first of year ........... T ?7    Inches Same period lait year    .....2.2T    inches Normal since first of    year    ..    4 26    inches Highest temperature yesterday .. .79 Lowest temperature this morning . 56 TEMPERATURES Thurs. FU information that almost anything in the vegetable lire will grow and lUhrive here, if given proper con- ] ditions. PriA-u __^ . ..    V°7 I Oscar Koehler, operating a three canon* That > ?fth° P    acr* tract at the north end of gardens. That is what the commercial and semi-commercial tensively gardened sectors of Abl-'ficia,s- Postmaster General Farley lene and Its environs, brought the .was toastmaster. Speakers included gardeners are i||piqg. only they cal# Secretaries Hull and Roper. Senate Majority Leader Barkley tD-Ky) and Senators McKellar (D-Tenn) and O’Mahoney (D-Wyo). Crowley's resignation as solicitor I Hickarv street, pointed out that tecomes effective April 19, the fifth t    .    I    anniversary of his appointment to I See GARDENS, Pf. 13, Col. $ that office. Dry thermometer (Vet thtrmometee Relative humidity ;

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Publication: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Issue Date: April 15, 1938