Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 30, 1938, Abilene, Texas VOL, LVI I, NO. 312, "WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FlUENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 30, 1938. PAGES" Initial SENATE BANKING GROUP OK'S PROPOSED BUSINESS LOANS WASHINGTON, March The administration's bill to make of Reconstruc- tion Finance corporation funds available for business and public works loans received approval of the senate banting committee to- day. The committee acted after a brief hearing at which Chairman Jesse H. Jones of the RFC said the Icglclatlon would Invite any business with legitimate need for credit to "come and get" long- term government loans. Besides permitllng the corpor- ation to make business loans, the measure would revive the agency's former powers to finance projects states and municipalities which demonstrate ability to re- pay. committee disregarded a suggestion by Secretary Ickes that the Public Works Administration, which he heads, pass on the loans to public agencies. He said he thought a saving could be effect- ed If PWA was given this duty. Jones told the committee there was an "Impression" commer- cial banks could not meet the de- mand for business loans. "We want to answer that Im- pression by providing machinery for loans to to pay existing debts; but to provide money to hire men and buy materials, he caid. Nazi Stooges Counsel Czechs Change In Political Set-Up Necessary To Assure Freedom Soy Propagandists BERLIN, March Highly.placed Nazis remark- ed privately tonight that only a fundamental change in Czecho- slovakia's inner political structure could rescue that country's independence. Discussing Czech Premier Milan Hodia's assertion last night that Czechoslovakia was "ready to do her share'r in reaching a friendly accord with Germany, the high nasi said the time for weak promises had gone The foreign office mouth- piece, Diploma tische Politische Korrespondenz, described Hodza's radio appeal as "hard- ly satisfactory." The Czech premier had assured his nation In a radio broadcast that "there Is no international danger." He hart said also he believed it was time to enact laws guaranteeing rights of minorities in Czechoslo- vakia, possibly indicating soms com- promise with Germans of nazi leanings. Tumultous scenes 'over demands of national minorities In the Czech house of deputies tottay Indicated political passions there were moving 1 towards a'cliifisx.- ;v" Rumors of new conciliatory dis- cussions between Germany and the Vatican gained ground today when the papal nuncio, Monsignor Cesare Orsenigo, visited Foreign Minister Joachim von Rlbbentrop. Amid this whirlwind of activity the leaders of nail Germany appar- ently were Indifferent as to.what would become of Kurt Schuschnlgg deposed former Austrian chancellor. Many rmzls who heard Hitler de- nounce Schuschnlgg as a traitor last night looked towards a day of reck- oning. Schuchnigg faces possible (rial for violation of his own consli- tutlon. It was said, however, that under no circumstances would the death penalty be involved. BRIDE-TO-BE Spring Storms Leave 7 Dead In Southwest Louisiana And Arkansas Areas Damage Centers By The Asoclaled Press Storm clouds cleared in north u aaj juu tue QtimUlllg Wll and east Texas Tuesday as the the corner w North First and death toll from tornadoes which struck the south southwest rose offer hi L .T to seven and the number of i.ured to at least 32. The principal twisters Monday points hit by night and early Miss Muriel Richards, financee of Warren Pershing, son of Gen. John J. Pershing, Is shown above one of her latest posed pic- tures. E. G. Bowden, 67, Dies At Hospital E. G. Bowden, route 5. Abilene, nted last niEht In Hendrlck Mem- orial hospital. Burial will be totfay at Balllnger beside the body ot his wife, who died two years ago In the same hospital room. The 67-year-old man had been ill sometime at ihe horns of a daughter, Mrs. Phillip Stroitd. on route 5, but hnd entered the sanitarium only Monday. Also surviving are two other daughters, Mrs. Gordon Young of Dallas and Mrs. Sam strset of Petrolla. Karl Crowley In Governor's Race Will Quit US Post For His Campaign DALLAS. March Crowtcy of Fort Worth, postoffice department solicitor, made up his mind to run for governor today and predicted n campaign with issues harking back to the .days of Gov James Stephen Hogg. Without mentioning the name ot any other candidate in his formal statement, Crowley declared "ihe people want the candidates to let Ihem Into Ihe secret of whether they will even pretend to curb the activi- ties of predatory foreign corpora- tions, especially public utilities chain stores and oil companies Crowley became the fifth nctlvc candidate In the race. The others are E. O. Thompson, member of Ihe railroad commission; William NfcCraw, attorney general: RCp. Clnrcnce Farmer of Fort Worth and Mayor P. D. Renfro of Beaumont S. Stcphcnvillc and ilsoln Joseph King of Hraston arc race. AUSTIN, March An- nouncement of Karl Crowley of Fort Worth for governor today intensified Interest In the plans of James E Fcrgvison, who usually lakes n hand In Tcsns gubernatorial contests Some considered it another indi- cation no member of the Ferguson family would run but "Fanner Jim" himself acted as though it had marie no change In his undisclosed inten- tions. Hike In Cotton Quota Favored WASHINGTON, JiTarcli An increase of more than in cotton acreage under the new farm act won approval today of R joint congressional committee. The senate-house group, after two days discussion, approved more than a score of amendment; lo the 1938 ngriculiural adjustment act which now goes back to the two chambers for final approval. The committee voted to increase acreage allotments ot cotton farm- ers acres, the change in- creasing each cotton stall's quota 4 per cent, Senalor Bankhead one of the conferees, said the cotton In- crease would bs used within each state to "adjust any hardships" un- der the formula of the original act. The commltlce approved a provi- sion by Chairman Jones (D-Tex) of the house agriculture committee which fixed a "floor and celling for cotton providing that every cotton farm shall receive a quola equal to at least 50 per cent of the land devoted to cotton last season or diverted to cotton, except that no farm's quota shall be larg- er lhan 40 per cent of the tilled or cultivated acreage. Tuesday were- Turtle Lake, La., a section near Texarkana, Ark., and a residential Action of Gurdon, Ark. The Texarkana storm, which struck as twisters In Oklahoma In- jured eight, apparently dlscrlbcd an arc, striking points north, south, and east of the city, killing three and Injuring 17 persons. A survey by Red Cross officials showed houses destroyed .and 16 damaged, with property damage In excess of SybJe Davis died In a hospital Tuesday Irom a frac- turec! skull and brain concussion. She was a sister of Billy Ray Davis, two, who was crushed to uealh In wreckage of his father's home. Charles Barnett, four, was killed by a flying pjece of timber as he'rushed toward a storm cellar vrfth his fam- ily. FATHER, SONS KILLED Hanson Curso, 38, was killed with his three sons In an early morning tornado which cut a mile path down the Jonesboro highway near the Turtle Lake settlement In Louisi- ana; thirty homes were damaged and at six persons Injured In a twister which struck Gurdon, Ark., where property damage was' estimated Jn exces of -VVhlie fluod threats apparently 'T.-'rte diminishing In most sections of Texas affected by heavy rains since Saturday, the Trinity river at Dallas continued to rise. Dr. J. U Cline of the Dallas weather-bureau issued flood' warn- ings lor residents of lowlands near Trinity's nisi and. Elm forks, and.- from Dallas to -near 'Trinidad. Local rises threatened 'to send the lower Elm fork higher than in the February flood. .The.rlve.rl reached a stage of 368 late .yesterday The weather bureau predicted a crest of 38 to 39 here by early Wed- nesday. Angio-ltolo Accord Would Offset Hitler .LONDON., March house of.lords today heard Bri- tain's Foreign Secretary Viscount Halifax disclose Brilaln's hopes of countering Adolf Hitler's expan- sion by reaching an aweement with Italy. The foreign secretary declared a agreemel with Italy would "render a real sen-Ice" for peace but added he refused (o ac- cept as proved a contention Ger- msn's iiient.'tns were "sinister." Meanwhile Britain nnd other democracies sped their defense plan. An authoritative source said the United States. Britain and France wouW announce before the end of the their Inlsnlfon lo build battleships of more than 35 000 tons. TVA Investigation Virtually Assured WASHINGTON. March first congressional Investi- gation of a new deal the Tennessee Valley Au'thorUf-mov- nearer reality today by such an inquiry was approved the house rules commutes. Leader said they would bring It before th house tomorrow and that adoption sion. lls WM a foregone conclu- Will Ask Aid For Rails WARM SPRINGS, March 29 Roosevelt said here today he would send a message nao ocen an- to to caused him to ask aid debl-ridclen railroads. PRICE 5 CENTS Mexican Congress Summoned As U. S Protests Oil Seizures Cute, But What Are They STOP SIGNS FAIL TO DAUNT MR. CITIZEN, SURVEY FINDS By GARTH JONES Lei's say you are standing Cedar Ule In the afternoon. Now turn to the man by drive down North 'First and pass through the intersection without stopping at Ihe stop signs. Keep your money In your pocket because In the next ten minutes you will wlu a dollar. An unofficial survey was made at this site yesterday for thirty minutes, between the hours of 6 and 6'30 p, m. Automobiles were streaming through the crossroads from all four directions. Wives were.coming after their husbands, delivery cars were making last minute caliz, customers were rush- ing to do n last bit of shopping before all the stores closed. Every- one was In a rush to get some- where. i How many disregarded the stop signs? In 30 minutes time, M automo- biles violated the city's stop sign ordinance. Out cf a specific count of 50 cars, 22 of them passed Ihe signs yilh little more than a pause. Rape, Murder Bills Returned 104th Body Brings New Indictment In Tucker Slaying Four statutory bills and one for murder were among 12 indictments returned Tuesday by ihe dis- trict court grand Jury as it com- pleted its work for the present term. Two Bradshaw men were indict- ed for attempted rape; in a case brought by a 19-year-old girl llvj ing in south Taylor ccrjnty. Named In. the-bills were Harvey Golcher, three times married, and John Mc- Donald Jr. Both are under boni Lee Stevens, Abilene nian, named in'two indictments each''of which .'charged hinLon' counts': of burglary nnd burglaty with inteat NOW undsrUxmd, he.was arrested by few weeks ago after a wild.chase by officers and fn south Abilene. Residents'of that section secured Stevens of. "window peep- ing" and entering their R. L. Montgom'ry, against whom an indictment was returned for murder at the last session of the grand Jury, was given a new bill in the care. The new indictment charges him with murder without alleging that there was malice aforethough, and with being an habitual criminal. LISTS 8 PREVIOUS FELONIES Tilt- truebill lists eight previous felonies for which Montgomery has been convicted. District Attorney Otis Miller said he would seek to convict Montgomery under the ha- bitual criminal stalue nnd secure See GRAND .IURY, Ft. 10, Col. 4 Seven of these were forced slam on the brakes and set car back on the rear axle to pre- vent What the matter? Was this an unusual lime or just a certain group of people? No, this same group pass-is this same intersec- tion eiach at about the same time and evidently in the same manner. It was not to the fact that many country people were In town or that a lot of. the cars were 'out- of-state CITS. Very few rf country people passed withiiut stopping. Out-of- state cars, 100 percent, stopped and practically looked and listen- ed before proceeding. Maybe the cars were run-down and the brakes wouldn't work well? If that is tree, then the 1937 and 1930 six and eight cylindered machines sut? do get out of order soon. Here Is a liare statement ot the facts, in approximately 75 percent of those 64 cars that violated the slopping law were wives and chil- dren of Abilvne businessmen tak- ing them home from work. Sft STOP SIGNS, fi. 10, Col. 6 FRANCO'S DRIVE HEARS COAST Rangers Ordered To East Texas Oil Town AUSTIN, March H. H. Carmichoel, public safety de- partment director, said today two rangers had been ordered to Gladev.-ater unlit after a 'city elec- tion, April 5, upon request of O. B. Jones, district attorney, and1 Sam Boss, foreman of a Greg" county grand jury. He said two rangers from the Tyler headquarters had been de- tailed to Gladewatcr. LQXGVIEW. March Sam Ross of Kilgore, foreman of the Grcgrcounty grand jury, now quested "a week ngo" that rangers be sent to Gladewalcr until after the mayoralty election April 5. Ross said lie had made the re- quest "merely as a precautionary measure." He said there were ru- mors circulating in Gladcwater that an unusual number of absen- tee voles had been cast for the election. The complaints of some voters that pressuic had been ap- for the rangers, ROM raid. AS SEEN IN Close Revision Vote Evidence Of FD's Weakening KlfZKf: MRKi; L. SIMPSON WASHINGTON, March The narrow margin by which Roosevelt forces averted a senate defeat on Ihe government reorgan- ization issue Indicates an increasing resliveness In congress. A shift of three voles would have sent the reorganization bill to Join the court bill o.' lost summer In the limbo of a committee pigeonhole. Several Influences were at work In the fight, but to most pomical ob- servers, the outslanding was tend- ency of a Urge number ot legislators to brush reform.measures urg- ed by Ihe White House, and deal only with bills lo stimulate economic recovery, or afford relief until re- covery comes. Increasingly, the leg- islators are hmmted by thoughts of the business recession and ot the 19M elections. In effect, yesterday's bolt of a third of the huge dwnocrstic major- ity In the senate pjrlUl answer to President Roosevelt's reiterated assertion reform and recovery must go In hand. The demccratlc vote for recom- mitment and against the bill defies analysis on any other ground than that si substantial portion of the democratic senators who are up for re-election this year ray pollllcal peril tor themselves In the me-isure. Hfhl of the 28 democrats Hp this year voted both for recommitment and against the bill. However, bit better tlisn two- thirds of the democratic senators who exposed this to pri- maries and elections stood by the president. This may have largely prompted reports that the adminis- tration was "elated" over the out- come. Opponents of the measure, who flooded senators with telegraphic protests just before yesterday's vote, are Mpeclod to redouble their ef- forts In the house. The closeness of the senate vote Invites that. WARM SPRINGS. Ga March 29. Presklmt Roosevelt Bald today the senate's approval of the senates approval of his program "proves that the senate cannot be purchased by organized telegrams based on direct misrep- resentation." i Speaker Flays Co-Op Gin Foes Growers Misled In Selection-Of Seed For Lond Here for a regional meeting of the Texas Cooperative Gin associa- tion, officers, directors and man- agers from 38 gins yesterday heard principal speakers lash sharply "be- hind the scene" causes to lowering of the cotton industry's itandlng. One hundred twenty-six attended the session, held at the Hilton hotel. With his attack definitely centered on "big J. R. McCrary of Calyert, president of the Texas Co- operative council, loosened a sensi- tive volley at opponents of the co- operative gins and owners' Insur- ance for same. In a forceful speech, he charged well-organized v busi- nesses with interfering wlllr organ- ization- of by apreadlni also said the inarm- Gen. Francisco Franco's forces have occupied Fraga, called to Cata- and now are massed out- side near Barcelonia. The arrow Indicates'the' approx- imate location of the vanguard of insurgent troops, with-'the heavy solid line denoting the battle line in eastern Spain: REBELS POISED FOR THRUST AT IERIDA IN DRIVE 10 SEA Civils Flee City As Disorganized Gov't Forces Prepare For Impending Battle HENDAYE, France, at the Spanish Frontier, March insurgent troops captured the heights dominating Lerida today and pre- pared to storm that "gateway" to Barcelona, government capital While Lcrtda's civil populace fled toward the Mediterranean coast the government desperately rallied Its shattered forces to defend the'city against General Juan Yague's ap- approaching army. Opposing troops were In contact west of the city. Roads leading from Lerida to the coast were clogged with disorganized government troops hastily reforming for the Impending battle, and thou- sands of civilians scurrying to safety Insurgent warplanes strafed the troops. General Yague's Insurgents, the Early Resident Dies Of Stroke P. Brooks Rowland, one of Abt- lene's earlier residents, died unex- pectedly last night. He succumbed about 11 o'clock to a heart attack at the home of E. A. Dunn, 1310 North Eighth street. Rowland had slopped there for a visit after eating dinner at the home of another fricnrl. His physician first was summon- ed to attend Rowland about o'clock. The doctor left his patient resting easily after arrangements had been made for Rowland lo re- main for the night at Ihe Dunn home. He did not wish to relurn home because of the illness of his sister, Floy Rowland. When the physician again called, Rowland was dead. Funeral services arranged for 5 o'clock this afternoon at Laughter's Funeral home. The rites will be conducted by Dr. S. B. Sur- face, pastor of Central Presbyterian church. RowlatXI, an income lax account- ant, was son of the talc Mr. and Mrs. 3. P. Rowland. He was bom In Lockharl, Texas, and came to Abi- lent as a boy. He was employed for a lengthy period In the office of the city tax collector. Miss Rowland, with whom her brother lived at 1218 South Seventh street, Is the only Immediate sur- vivor. Another sister was killed sev- eral years ago in a las Angeles auto- mobile accident, A wide circle of friends knew Rowland particularly as a fisher- man. They said he found keen de- light In the sport. central element of three armies driving eastward Into Catalonia, were within seven miles of Lerida. Insurgent officials pointed out the advance was necessarily slowed down to organize communications, bring up munitions and supplies and for- tify captured heights prelecting the right and left flanks. From Barbaslro. 38 miles north- west of Ixrlda, the 125-mile Insur- gent front roughly follows the Cinca river southeastward to Fraga and thence southward to Morelia on a line paralleling the Mediterranean coast. Fraga Is 15 miles southeast of Lerida. Insurgent fliers yesterday said they saw white flags on some lerlda houses and fighting in the streets presumably between government ml-' lilia and Insurgent sympathizers (Barcelona advices denied of insurrecllon In Lerida.) Ihe Weather Pork Tax Killed WASHINGTON. March 29.-W se.iati; finance, commiltcc struck out of the house-approved Us revision bill tonight a sls- ts-A-pJiinil excise tax on Im- ported pork products. r cli S5 M lo nronu southtrlj rtndi 01 rtrtlr cloudy and U. Showtti In >nd yl Itmpfraturt M. Hour .'p. M. is n 73: MldnlfU 43. and towrst (o S p.m. nifnhr. IS. the 1921 conflict with the government o! President Plutargo Ellas Calles, also over the oil question. A settlement was reached by the late Ambassador Dwlght Morrow. Although President Lazaro Car- denas now was backed by a swell- See MEXICO, Pj. Col 5 Texas Freight Rales UppedTen Percent Applies To Under Full Car Loads AUSTIN, March 10 per cent increase in freight rates railroads and truck lines for less thsn carload shipments ip Intra- state trafffc was authorized today by the Texas railroad commission. The increase, effective April 9, and continuing lo December 31, 1939, was not applicable' to ship- ments to, from or between differ- ential territory. The commission said deferential territory was "generally that part of Texas west of San Antonio to El Paso, west of Midland to El Paso, south of San Antonio to Laredo, south of Odem and Alice to points in Ihe Rio Grande valley and north and west of Amarillo." The increase followed a similar one granted by the Interstate com- merce commission on both carload and less than carload shipments interstate. Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Johnson, 1333 North Seventh, announce the birth of a daughter yesterday aft- ernoon M o'clock at the Hen- OLD RUSSIAN Soviets Demand Purge Of Polar Explorers; Expeditions' Chief, Called Hero, In Hot Seat MOSCOW. March So- viet goverrcaen-, disclosed today that half the Soviet fleet of Ice- breakers nnd Arctic merchant ships was in danger In Polar seas and demanded a purge among those try- Ins to conquor the frozen north. At the same time, a communique in a provincial newspaper announc- ed cxceullon of U. Kulumbetolf, former president of Kazakhstan, middle Asiatic republic, and 18 others. They were tried secretly at Alma Ata on charges of treason similar to those for which Nikolai Buch- arin, famed Soviet editor, and 17 others were shot afler a public mass trial in Moscow. Blunders of the norlhern sea route admlnls I ration headed by the bearded Polar hero, Dr. Otto J. blamej for the plight of the Icebound varrcls, caught In the Arctic scaj last Au- gust. (Dispatches from Vadso, Ger- mans', Much 26 quoted wireless messages faying merchant vesr sets' and Icebreakers carrying 800 Soviet Russians sere In a critical position off Siberia.) criticism was serious in that It involved charges of malicious bungllnj In "criminal anti-Soviet ncttvily ot wreckers."