Abilene Reporter News, March 16, 1938

Abilene Reporter News

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Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 16, 1938, Abilene, Texas 0 Che "WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, W E SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LVII, NO. 298. ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 16. 1938. -TWELVE PAGES M PR ICE 5 CENTS SPANISH LOYALISTS APPEAL FOR AID Hitler's Press Tells Little Nation To 'Be Reasonable' About His Demands BERLIN, March commentators today posed Germany's absorption of Austria before Czechoslovakia as a, warning of the need of "an early and satisfactory solution" of her minority issue. The German press, apparently on instruction, told the neighboring, war-created republic with Germans to be reasonable about meeting German demands. Cautious utterances by nazi spokesmen, however, indicated considered this problem 1 for the moment overshadowed by prospects of enlargement especially economically, opened up by Germany's expansion to include Austria. HITLER HOLIDAY Berlin will have a public holiday tomorrow to receive Relchsfuehrei- Adolf Hitler as a conquering hero on his return from scal- ing annexation of Austria. Hitler flew from Vienna to Mun- ich to spend the night and Berlin, new capital of the greater Germany, prepared a gigantic and jubilant welcome for him. It was announced that later he would address a number of public Expected For Band Meel C Of C Convention Group Plans For Tri-State Tourney Wallace Urges Immediate 38 Cotton Monies SECY WALLACE Czechs Get Nazi Warning Germans Advise 'Early Solution' O! Czecho Issue Plans for entertainment of a tri- state school band contest in Abi- lene Mr.y are being formed by the chamber of commerce con- vention committee. In sesson Monday afternoon, H. M. White, band instrument de. was made chairman of a gej arrangements committee. To entertain persons ex- pected to be in Abilene for the event, 1.000 rooms in privale homes arc n3cded, the committee found. Of the crowd will .be bandsmen parents and directors. ci; will be attracted from Texas. Oklahoma and New Mexico. The event be regional' elimina- tion tor the National School Band association. The1 committee also decided Tues- day to an invitation to the West Texas chamber of commerce to hold its 1939 convention in Abi- line. The invitation will be made in form of letters to all directors. Members of the committee arc D. G. Barrow, F. K Brmnit, Edgar Boggs. W. D. Milstsad, George Fos- ter, Bob Westbrook and H. M White. meetings in preparation ealerj plebiscite to be held April neral Austria to pass upon union. for the 10 in Suggests Paying fo Covered Farmers WASHINGTON. March Secretary Wallace suggested today that congress enact legislation au- thorizing immediate disbursement of In cotton price-ad- justment payments to growers who agree to comply with the 1038 crop program. The suggestion, made in a letter to Smith' [D-S. C.) of the senate agriculture committee, represents a compromise between a proposal by Smith and a ruling of the comptroller general. Smith proposed inunediate pay- ment of those with cotton under oan. upon surrender of their loan :otton, with subsequent payment >f other cotton growers. The comp- .roller general ruled there should IB no discrimination between the wo classes of growers. There were ndicatlons no payments would be made until fall. Wallace said if his proposal were accepted, the agriculture depart- ment could make payments to all growers complying with the pro- gram in the late spring or sum- mer. Merkel Horse 24 Conies Io Abilene To Get Hew Shoes On the Czech question, the Frank- furter Zeitung said all Germany wanted was for the Sudeten (south) Germans in Czechoslovakia to be put on a footing of equality with the Czechs and Slocaks. FEAR SUI1BORNNESS ardent nails here appeared convinced privately the Czechs would not yield to German de- mands. The expreslon often is heard: "Praha. after ail, is a German city at the bottom. Its architecture anil culture are all German." Tills would seem to Indicate that See NAZIS, I's. 1Z, Col. 6 Modern transportation does not nTjan much to Dewey Chapman of Merkel. He was reared In the horse and bujgy dr.ys. True to prac- tices of that day and time, he rode liis saddle horse right Into Abilene yesterday to get the animal Guy Weeks, veteran horse shoe-or. looked the pony over and saM, "you don't see any- more of kind these days. That's p. horse of the old-style." said Dewey in a drawl that could be sliced with a butter knife, "I guess not. be- cause this old pony Is 24 years old. We started riding him 22 years ago and he's still a good After the horse was fitted with new shots, chapman started back to Mct'iicl. Thirty-five miles in half a day is plenty of traveling for n horse of any age. Bill 4 Charged Here In Bad Money Case Four men charged here Christmas week with passing counterfeit monev were indicted yesterday tr Fort Worth by a United States grand jury. They are Robert O. Lowry, Nor- man M. Baker and James W French, all .of Sweetwater, and Merton G. Bush of Colorado. Named in two complaints filec here by a secret service ngcnt, the quartet was indicted on a charge o conspiracy to purchase and pass counterfeit Federal Reserve notes Rt Sweetwaler. They are expected (o be tried here when the Abilene division of federal court convenes April 11 for its spring term. Son Born Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Hohhertz, route three, Abilene, announce the birth of a son last at the Hendrick Memorial hospital. Elderly Woman Dies At Trent TRENT. March eral was held at Liberty. Erath county. Tuesday afternoon for Mrs. Ann Foster Brandon, mother of Mrs. M. L. Mauldln of Trent. The elder woman died early Mon- day. Ihe day following her 87th birthday. She had lived with Mrs. Mauldin here several years. Born in Jacksonville, Mississippi, she had lived In Texas 41 years. For 12 years she had been blind. Be- sides Mrs. Msuuduv she is survived by Mrs. Lcvl Gordon, Mrs. Clarence Gordon and Mrs. E. L. Danlcy, all grandchildren living at Trent. (See story to left) Expert Recalls First Terracing Begun In Fisher County, Rotan Club Group Told By HARRY I10J.T ROTAN, March soil con- serration program that has revolu- tionized the entire American agri- culture program started. in Fisher county. That was (he statement of Ft. E Dickson, superintendent of Ihe Spul experiment station, today in his talk, "The Inleilijejryt Use of Rahv at the "restiiaY.meeting of Ka- tan's luncheon club. The move that today Is accepted i the salvation for agriculture bj a conservation-minded people was made on the Fred Parker farm, even miles south of here. It hap: pencd when Ed Tanner, then Fish- er county agent, built flat terraces hat still stand, recounted Dickson. That was July 15, 1925. FISHER LEADER SINCE After the terracing demoustra- ;ion, attended by 18 county agents, :here was r.gitation on the part of :he district agent to start study of soil conservation in the expsriment stations. That marked the entrance e Maiaweii sioon over George Thorvald's bedside eight, weeks, living, speaking, playing the role of the woman Thor- vald thought he had killed. Then Thorvald regained con- sciousness. And Connie found she had played the part too well. Butli there the story scarcely begins. Read LOVE LAUGHS AT THE DOCTOR Beg i n n i S Rebels Scatter Enemy Army In Drive To Coast Insurgents Seek Speedy End To Long Civil War HENDAVE, France, at the Spanish .Frontier, March government troops were in full retreat to- night before insurgents bent on tearing government Spain apart and forcing a quick end to the Spanish civil war. Encountering only feeble rearguard resistance, the insur- gents pushed forward 10 miles from Alcaniz to capture the strategic village of Raimundo, controlling the main island highway from Valencia to Bar- From that point only the lugged coastal Slants Blood between Gen- eral Francisco Franco's army and the Mediterranean, little more than 30 miles from Raimundo SWIFT PROGKES Since General Franco started his overwhelming sprins offensive a week ago (rom Villaneuva, on the Arason front between Zaragoza and Teruei, his troops have advanced about 65 miles, conquering nearly square miles of territory. Rapidly consolidating his strength along a new 20-mile line from Caspe o Alcaniz today, General Franco struck out again toward new ob- 15 miles due- east of Caspe; Candes, 25 miles east if Alcaniz; and Valderrobres, on tbe Matarrana river 25 miles south- east of Alcaniz. Italian black arrow brigades, for- eign legionnaires, Moorish cavalry and foot troopsjand: native Nayar.- rese swept fofwara'along' the wide front. 1VOUI.D ISOLATE CATALONIA Their objective was to separate Catalina, Spain's northeastern cor- ner, from the! rest of government territory. Since the civil war started Julj 18. 1936. Franco has captured two- thirds of Spain, including the Bis- cayan coast on tne north and vlrtu- allyv'all of western Spain. If Frarico's'troops reach the Medi- terranean, they will cut Barcelona from government Valencia and Madrid. In their precipitous retreat, thi government troop.? were abandon ing supplies of munitions, automa of Dickson, recognized dean of the work after 23 years at Spur. Thus, Fisher county has been far out in the lead in a program that later was adopted by the depart- ment of agriculture and alt of its allied agencies. During the past 13 years, one experiment otter nn- othcr has been conducted at Spur and results related to farmers oi West Texas. However, it was nc; until appearance of the government program in 17.3 that conscrvallo-; stepped prominently into thn lime- light. SOU, THE RESERVOIR "When moisture Is saved in West Texas, the farming risk is lowered, and farming is placed on a more stable basts." taid Dtckson. "Ami the most economical way to store water is in the soil, inster.d of bis lakes as is Ihe practice in inanj places. "But there Isn't any lire of my standing here nnci telling you p.-o- plc what you already know." the ex- periment station superintendent continued. Me paid tribute to John 1 Helms of Retail and George Link of Spur for starting experiments on the right nearly yn: They theorized that crops were i made in dry years onus of much rainfall. BRITAIN, FRANCE STUDY STEPS TO SAFEGUARD MEDITERRANEAN INTERESTS AGAINST HITLER, DUCE By The Associated Press LONDON, March Britain and France both studied counter- measures tonight to a possible Halo-German secret military alliance In- volving a nazi-fasclst bargain over Austria and the Mediterranean. As Spanish insurgent army powered by men and arms from Germany and Italy swept swiftly toward the Mediterranean fears grew that the world soon might see the totalitarian mailed fist planted in Spain as it already is in Austria. ALARMED OVER NEW SPANISH CRISIS Both France and Great Britain, faced with the fact of Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler's imperious annexation of Austria and the menace to peace in central Europe, were alarmed over (lie new crisis in Spain, The Mediterranean is a sea roadway vital to French and British em- pire defenses. Aides of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain drafted plans for expan- sion of Britain's already towering rearmament to be presented at a vita! cabinet meeting tomorrow. French and Czech diplomats discussed possibility of a secret military alliance between Hitler and Premier Benlto Mussolini of Italy. They felt it would explain II Duce's startling silence over Hitler's coup In bringing the German frontier to the Brenner Pass. Czechoslovakia with a minority of Germans, is believed to be next in line of Hitler's march. Informed sources cited recurrent rumors Hitler and Mussolini had concluded a deal in which the price of Italy's silence over Austria wa increased German support in Spain to give Mussolini the firm grip hi has failed, thus far, to win there. The Spanish government embassy uid Barcelona had re- ceived definite information (German) storm troopers, trained in infantry and artillery technique by Retchswfhr experts, left Germany for Spiin on Monday in German ships." Chamberlain, while he still deferred committing Britain to fight fo zcchoslovakia, held little hope for British-Italian collaboration in vlev f evidence of recent Italian and German war shipments to the Spanis] isurgents. DVOCATE "BROADENED GOVERNMENT" A movement developed among members of parliament to broaden fh present national" government to give the nation more unity in the sud en European crisis. It was not aimed, however, at Chamberlain. Its supporters advocated admitting members of the opposition liberals ossibly even laborites, to the cabinet In order to put such experienced me s Winston Churchill and Anthony Eden in the inner councils. British sympathizers with the Spanish government warned their ow alien's leaders of the danger if Franco, backed by Rome and Berlin wo i Spain. They urged that munitions be allowed to flow from France t iarcelona. Chamberlain concentrated on one and staggering rearma lent, and the nation assured him of backing. .biles and trucks. Insurgent bombing planes attack Ed Tarragona, important port south west of Barcelona, in three raids. Two British seamen were klllec and three others wounded when thi British steamer Stanwell, discharg Ing n ccal cargo at Tarragona, wa: bombed and set afire. A Danish non-intervention observer also wa wounded. The Weather A nu.TNI: AMI VICIMTV; an rha ilr ISP In 1r fiO a TORNADOES ROAR THROUGH Pre-Spring Storms Wreak Damage Over Wide Area Of Midwesr, South (By The Associated Press) Sixteen persons were reported killed yesterday (Tuesday) and con slderable property damage resulted In pre-spring tornadoes that struc n seven different states. The twisters hit In Illinois, Missouri, Alabama, Arkansas, Tenncsse Mississippi and Iowa. The heaviest loss of life apparently was In Belleville, 111., where _. east seven persons were reportei McM To Press Finance Drive Acceptance o[ the gift to McMurry college endowment fund by five Abilene donors was given official recognition yesterday after- noon at a special meeting of the board of trustees. The board also officially adopted a plan to raise the remaining S200.000 of the 000 goal. Hearty endorsement was given ministers of the Abilene Methodist district for their plan to raise to endow the Bible chair at the college. This sum will go into the finance drive as a part of the remaining {200.000. The endowed chair will be called the Hunt-Dodson Memorial fund and be dedicated to Dr. J. W. Hunt, founder and first president of the college, and the late Dr. B. W. Dodson, head of the Eible depart- ment until hts death a month ago. BEGIN CAMPAIGN JUNE 1Z Official date for Ihe opening of the endowment campaign will be June 12, Sunday. A representative of the college will be present at every church In the Northwest Texns and New Mexico conference to make an appeal for cooperation Sec MvMURUY, Pf. 12, Col. 6 Must Come Or Cause Lost, :rench Are Told Gov't Premier Flies To Paris To Ask Planes PARIS, March remier Juan Negrin of Spain was learned tonight to have old France in a flying visit the Spanish government was un- able to hold out against the in- urgent drivo unless immediate aid were forthcoming. The Spanish premier's hur- ried visit to Paris was kept secret until he had returned by ilane to Barcelona, Spanish ;overnment capital now threat- ened by advancing insurgents. It was announced the supreme national defense council had been .ummoned to meet a few days to. draft plans for French military aid to Czcchoslavakia in case of German attack. The foreign minister notified all French ambassadors In Europe, one official said, to return to confer- ences on the grave international situation. LABOR VOLUNTEERS HELP Delegates of the general confed- eration of labor, representing five million French workers told the premier they were ready to sacri- fice tha 40-hour week In factories working on defense materials. Before Germany's annexation ot Austria they had refused to accept such a sacrifice. There was Increasing concern over the presence of German troops in Austria. Officials between and German! -was.? foo Imposing io be Intended for little Austria alone. There were increasing signs ot tension. Plans for a thousand sons and daughters of war veterans to make a trip into Ger- many were cancelled abruptly "be- cause of the course of international events." Negrin wa: said to have pleaded with French government officials to send him 200 planes and large stave dead. Three others died in the vi- cinities of Barkerville and Warden, quantities of munitions '.o Mo., where a stonn cut a twenty- off !he insurgent attack. mile path, demolishing hundreds of! BLUM CALLS ADVISERS homes and at least one school and I Barcelona dispatches said tho 3ne church. i Spanish premier summoned his mintcFnrc A negro woman was killed at De- mopolls, Al- by a tornado which was the third to strike that commu- nity In recent years. At Guntcrs- ville, Ala., a man was electrocuted when he touched a wire broken by a high wind. fatality occur- red In the vicinity of BIythevllie, Ark., in a tornado that swept on Into Tennessee, where another death was reported. ILLINOIS H05IES WRECKED At least twenty homes were re- ported wrecked in the Belleville, 111., storm, which rushed In the southwest and ripped Its way across the western end of the city, situat- ed fourteen miles southeast of St. Louis. Belleville's fire chief, Wal- ter Finkleln. estimated that at least 40 or 50 buildings had been demol- ished. Gas. pouring from damaged mains, added to the havoc of the Belleville scene, and 100 soldiers from Scott Field, the army's nearby aviation station, were hurriedly dispatched to assist In first aid work. From Belleville the storm swept on in a northeasterly direction to- ward O'FaUon, III., where uncon- firmed reports said that two per- sons perished. IM MISSOURI Other twisters destroyed farm buildings in Jefferson county. Mis- souri, near St. Louis, damaged rural See TORNADOES, Ff. 12, Col. S ministers Into meeting as soon as tie reached his temporary capital. Shortly after Negrin left Paris, Premier Leon Blum called a quick: meeting (if France's military chiefs and national defense ministers to consider what they saw as threat- ening changes in both Spain and Austria. At almost the srme time For- eign Minister Joseph PauI-Boncour told the British ambassador. Sir Eric Phipps, France was ready to LOYALISTS, Vg. 12, Col. 5 Order To Destroy Slot Machine Asked Ruth Duncan, operator of the po- Po sandwich shop on Pine street, has been ordered to appear. In 104th district court Monday to "show- reason why" a slot machine con- sented from her place should not be destroyed. County Attorney Esco Welter filed a petition, signed by Deputy Con- stable George Boslcy, asking an or- der granting permission to destroy an machine taken at the Po- Po Saturday night. Walter also Indicated that a suit charging gaming would bo brought against the woman In justice court. Order for appearance of the sandwich shop operator was signed by Judge W. B. Chapman. FOR FOURTH TIME IN FIVE Hitler'sJResponsive Dictatorial Machine Again Goes Unchallenged of llic Test lie Defiantly on own course BY KIRK L. SIMPSON' WASHINGTON. March the fourth lime in five years Adolf Hitler has thrust a lighted malch into the European powder keg no explosion, except of words, lias followed. Austria is gone from the family of nations, swallowed whole by nazl Germany. The thing that many persons had dreaded ,is the cer- tain detonator of n new world war is an accomplished fact- Still no major army In Europe is on the march. And again the swift, relentless processes of dictatorship have oul- mancnvcrcrt the slow-moving machinery of democracy. Again Hitler- ircrt Germany has struck so swiltly Paris anrt London were reduced to protests after the fact. The Washington government looks from Its aloof place upon the troubled European scene and silently ponders Its own policy. Just what Secretary Hull will ray In Ills nnlional press club ad- dress here Thursday that might touch upon the new situation In Europe is not dlsclased. Yet It Is doubttul that any new exposition cf American iwllcy will Iw forthcoming. Distasteful as the method of Austrian nnnexntion may be to President Roosevelt and his secretary of state, there seems no practical way ot denying Germany's right to '.-peak for an Austria that no longer exists. Nor Is HID moment propitious In domestic .'or any new' ad- consiTlpl for the New Army ministration gesture of taking sides in Europe. The German march on Vienna occurred while congress was considering the Roosevelt naval expansion program, center of a vehement dispute over foreign policy. That the Hitler coup served to bolster the stand of Isolationists and materially increase the probabilities that the navy bill would pass is the accepted view tn Washington. In any event, a congress soon to face constituents in re-election contests shrinks from bringing the European snarl any closer to the domestic political scene. The German vote is important In many a congressional district. What seems Indicated Is tacit Rcquiesccncc In the shift of Austrian foreign relations to German hands, und Hull's reiteration of his recip- rocal trade policy as the American way to Insure peace. Behind that lirs at least a hope In official circles that Germany's swift rush to realize her Pan-Germanic dresm has reached a stopping place; that her success in Austria will ease for a lime, at least, the war tension In Europe. Within five years Germany has bolted the League of Nations, rearmed in scornful disregard of treaty of Versailles, remilitarized the Hhinc area and now absorbed Austria, Any of these moves might have Brought on a wo-.Id war but did not. And official Washington believes Germany Is no more ready for such n war thin is other power. The N'ew Watch on the Rhine ;