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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 13, 1938, Abilene, Texas CZECHOSLOVAKIA'S FATE IN BALANCE- Ponder Possible Steps To Curb Hitlers European Sweep AUM. today S2EM 'nd lhC tehlnd fhe the cabinet mad, it evident any Korn LONDON, March l2.-Adol( bold nazi seizure of Austria today thrust Die of Czechoslovakia squarely before Great Britain and The British cabinet in emergency session weighed possibility of armed to France in event the independence of in; war-created repub- lic was threatened by Germany. France, with definite commitments to protect 'this third democracy against invasion wanted Britain to Join her In a warning to Relchsfuehrer Hitler to keep "hands off." The cabinet apparently hesitated at talcing the momentous decision on what to do. Opposition Leaders Clement Attlee, and Sir Archibald Sin- clair, liberal were summoned to Whitehall In what was believed to be a tteps in the grave crisis. to meet again Monday after which Prime Min- ister Neville Chamberlain was expected to state his position In the house Oi commons. In some quarters there was a suggestion Chamberlain might be plan- ning a snap general election to seek endorsement for a stronger British for- eign policy, possibly including promise of armed aid for CaschoilovXta, fut Informed sources indicated the prime minister might sign hi. own political "death warrant" if he faced the country before public opinion might swing around sharply Irom the present isolationist stand The hands of German and Italian troops stretched across the 'rentier In clasps of friendship dem- iflp to stop the nazi sweep in central Europe. A communique issued after the cabinet meeting made it evident any Anelo-Oerman agreement now was out of (he question. at the Brenner pass and their meeting with the Italian frontier garrison also symbolized to many Britons pro- spective failure of Chamberlain's month-old attempt to bring the fascist nation Into a friendly agreement. Trance, where Leon Blum wrestled to form a cabi- net, was represented convinced that only a strong and open Anglo- French stand would save Czechoslovakia from being Germany's next ob- The French are obligated by treaty to aid Czechoslovakia In event ol i In Berlin it was expected Hitler soon would turn toward that demo- cratic neighbor of his where there are Germans In whom he al- ready has proclaimed his Interest. Nazi scorn at Anglo-French representations over Austria here as evidence mere protests were vain In dealing with Germany Hungary, Switzerland, Czechoslovakia and Yueoslavla closed their wHhi'usirTa S! HUngary strenethencd along heTTronUer Czechoslovakia barred the entrance of refugees but admitted in WWeh VOL. 295. PrtM (Aft "WITHOUT. OR WITH OFFENSE TO FKiENDS OR FOES, W E SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, TEXAS, THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONsT PRICE 5 CENTS HITLER IN AUSTRIA, DARESlETAUATiOS Meeting At Oil Belt Teachers Merge With Northern Body, By FIXIS MATHERSHEAD March Five hundred independent and rural school district teachers met here tofiay for the last annual convention of the Oil Belt Edu- cation association. At the close of their session the school men and women voted to merge theii organization with the Belt Teachers associa- tion of Northwest Texas. Combination of the two districts in the Texas State Teachers asso- ciation was approved at the teachers' final session this after- noon. They elevated W. T. Walton, su- perintendent ot Ranger schools, to presidency of their organization. S. E. Pass, principal of College Heights school In Abilene, was re- elected secretary of the association by acclamation. Offices ot vice-president and treasurer were left open. They will be filled by vote of the Wichita Falls district teachers' group In Us annual meeting in late October ,cr early November. SID PASS Association Secretary L. E. Dudley, superintendent of Abilene schools, was chosen as a member of the executive commit- tee of the state teachers associa- tion. Other officers named were 10 representatives to the house of delegates in the stale body: Ross S. Covey, Sfteetwater superintend- ent; Gorton R. Bennett, Hamlin school principal; Nat Williams (retiring Balrd super- intendent; C. S. Eldrldge, Eastland county superintendent; Tommle Clack, Abilene teacher; Everrett Beaver, Caodc superintendent; C. B. Breedlove, Haskell superintend- ent; N. S. Holland, Breclcenridge superintendent; Hybernla Grace, Anson teacher; and Connor Rob- inson, Merkel superintendent. Earlier in the day the Oil Belt teachers had adopted resolutions urging the state board of educa- tion to :flx the present per capita tpportlonment as a mini- mum; commending the Texas leg- islature for passage of the teacher retirement act; endorsing the Har- TEACHERS, Tf. 16, CoL 4 COTTON QUOTA FAVORED BY: OVERWHELMING MAJORITY With Ballots Half Tabulated, Count Stands For, Against WASHINGTON, March AAA's proposals to apply mar- keting quotas to restrict sales of 1938 cotton appeared to have won an overwhelming victory in a farmer referendum today talbulatlons 'rom 658 nation's cotton counties gave voters for the quotas and against. More than 000 farmers were eligible to vote. Under the new AAA act, a two-thirds majority of those v The Incomplete returns' gave the quotas 93 per cent of the votes. STRONGEST IN SOUTH Sentiment for the cotton quota system ran highest generally in the old south, while in Texas and Okla- homa, the nations newest cotton area, the system encountered COLLEGE STATION, March Bandera county In soulhwcsl Texas Is the cotton surplus plan. Of the three eligible voters, one voted against today's pro- posal and the. other two didn't rasl their ballots. stronger opposition. However, in no state did the nflirmative vote go below the two-thirds level. Agriculture department officials had expected heavy opposition votes in the southwest. They had receiv- ed reports many growers in this re- gion, which exports the bulk of its colton. were opposing the control system because they fenrcd It might result in IQJS of foreign markets. Texans Vote For, Against COLLEGE STATION, March 12. Texas cotton fnmi- ers tonight piled up a vast vote fa- voring a marketing quota for the 1938 crop. Eighty reporting counties had nmasscd an afilrmatlvo vote of 82 515, while only dissented. Only one Texas county voted against the control Two communities of Falls county Bank and solid- ly for the plan, 115 and 60 votes ing dropped In the box In the two polling places. Dallas county's 1.433 affirmative vote was the heaviest received Only 184 voted against the plan. A half million farmers In 235 counties were eligible voters. Eastland Favors Return Of Beer EASTLAND, March Returns from 18 boxes late lonlght showed Butland county voters had balloted for return of the le- galized sale of four percent beer, and 2.101 were against the return. Nine rural boxes vrlth a voting strength o! 31S were still out, but election officials were of opinion the nurjln piled up by "wcls" would not Jx. offset. The county has been dry following a court hearing fcycral wcckrj ago. Previously the beer vu fc, Favor Control 6TollnTayloi Taylor county cotton farmers stood almost undivided yesterday In telling the national 'government how they felt about compulsory crop control. By a 6 to 1 vole they favored set- ting of cotton marketing quotas, In an election called by the agri- cultural adjustment administration under authority vested In It by the 1938 farm bill. The vote from 10 of 11 balloting places in the county showed voting for marketing quotas, 163 against: Only returns from But- man were unavailable last night FOR JONES Elsewhere in central West Texas Ihe vote showed similar proportions. Jones county, which in 1932 led the state in amount of cotlon produced, voted 1.108 (or to 281 against the proposed q-jotas. Knox county cotlon farmers fav- ored quotas 123 to 112. Callahan county showed a closer vote of 311 for, 151 against. Two-thirds majority must be ob- tained throughout the whole south If quotas are to be sst. If set, they will apply to all cotton farms, regardless of the vote In the par- Stc TAYLOR COUNT V Tf 16 Col 3 Civic Music's Artists Chosen Violinist, Tenor, Duo Piano Number For First Season The Abilene Civic Music associa- tion yesterday announced the artists its members will hear in Abilene nevt season. They are: Nathan Russian violin- ist, who in 13 years has risen to a place among the elect and a career of sensational success and interna- tional resocnltion. Luboshutz and Nemenoff, in a re- el I al for ts-0 foremost duo-piano pair of the country. Attllo Bagglore, tenor, whose popularity In grand opera, light opera, and concert appearance has spread from his native America, through sensational suc- cesses to Rome, London and Paris and back to the. United States. Mrs. R. A. Maddox, civic music's president, announced the concerts will be held In the hlsh school auditorium. Dates will be announc- ed later. She also announced mem- bership cards would be mailed late in the summer. Genuinely pleased at the interest of the people of the city In this, the first attempt to bring civic music to Abilene, officials ol the association likewise expressed satls- Sfe ARTISTS, Tf. 16, Col. 2 Recommend Coleman C.C.R.A. Project WASHINGTON, ifarch The national resources committee recommended to congress develop- ments on Texas waters-ays during the next six years with an approx- imate total cost of Program for Irrigation included: Coleman, central Colorado river authority project, three small re- servoirs for domestic, stock and ir- rigation purposes, for first years work, no estimate given for balance. Prowler At Abilene Home Shot In Foot, Then Fed, Given 2 Bucks, And Sent On Way Friday aflernoon a 20-year-old hitch-hiker, tired and hungry, slopped at a house about one and a half miles west of Abilene. No one was home, so he went In and helped himself to some crackers and three bananas. Just as he was emerging from the house, Ihe owner drove up. Seeing a man coming from his home in a somewhat suspicious manner, the owner reached back into his car and got his sholgun, and shot at the fleeing figure. The youth fell. As Ihc homeowner approached the boy begged lor mercy. The man bandaged the "boy's foot where he was shot and listened as Ihe boy told a pitiful ttory of dering over the counlry trying to get work. Then he took the boy In he house, fed him und gave him two dollars to help him he went limping on his way. Friday night, Sweetwaler police picked the boy up and booked inn for Investigation, because of the gunshot wound. They wired Abi- lene police and said they were hold- ing him if he was wanted After conferring with the home- officers -phoned back o v. filed here and the boy could he released. Today the youth Is frte lo limp about hunting a Job and Is happy with two dollars In his pocket-i' ii left a it, STRAIN POLICE LINES IN VIENNA Mounted police are shown here in Vienna, struggling to hold bacic detachments of over enthusiastic nazis-when "news that Schuschnlgg capitulated to Germany's demand was an- Soviet Decrees Death For-18 3 Sent To Prison; Others Have Only Five Days To Live MOSCOW, March of the 21 defendants were sentenced lo death today in Moscow's greatest treason trial. Those whose lives were spared, were: Christian Rakqvsky, former ambassador to France who was sentenced to 20 years imprison- ment; S. A. Bessonoff, former mem- ber of the soviet trade delegation to Berlin; 15 years, and D. D. Plet- nyeff, heart specialist. 25 years. Those who must die former high-ranking bolshcvlsts accused of treason and murder at the behest of foreign have at most five days lo live. However, if precedent is followed, Ihe condemned men will be execut- ed within 24 hours. Appeals for clemency, usually made immediately, heretofore have been rejected Immediately in cases of fiii-h. prominence as this, with a former premier and five former commissars or cabinet members among the condemned, If they arc permitted Ihe maxi- mum five riays to live, three days will be given them for the Judges to weigh their appeals and two more days must elapse before they arc placed before the firing squad. Among those sentenced to death was Nikolai Bucharin, chronicler of the red revolution who electrified the last session of the long trial with a spell-binding defense. Among the other one-time high ranking soviet leaders to be shot are Genrlkli o. Yakoda, former chief of the dreaded secret police; Alexis I. Rykolf, premier of Ihe Soviet union for 10 years who suc- ceeded Lenin; and N. N. Kreslinsky, former first assisstant foreign com- missar. the three judges returned to Ihc courtroom six and n half hours after taking the case under consideration. nounced. Radio Telephoto Lauds FSA Program DALLAS, March The federal government's farm purchase program for tenants was declared loday by Senator Tom Connally as one of the most sanely progressive Jtepj this country has taken. Frantically GERMANS CHEER 'ONE REICH, ONE LANGUAGE, ONE FUEHRER' BERLIN, Mar. nazis were frantic with Joy tonight as they grasped -the lull Import ol Raichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler's procla- mation on the Austrian coup. "I have now decided to extend the aid of the Reich to the mil- lions of Germans In Der Fuehrer proclaimed. Even as the proclamation waj read over all German radio sta- tions by Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Oobbels. Hitler himself han crossed the Austrian frontier. The immediate destiny or the Germans and seemed to Reich, one language, one Fuehrer, but, for trie present two chancellors Seysz-lnquart In Austria, and Fieki EVENTS TO COME IN WEST TEXAS Dickens county FFA livestock show wll be held in Spur March 19. Institute of the Haskell Baptist association will mrr.eet In Rule Wednesday. doy-long Insti- tute of the Mitchell county federa- tion of women's clubs will be held March 29. BIG convention of Ihe West Texas Chamber of Commerce Managers association will be held In Big Spring March 16-19. BRA DY.-DIs trie t 16 Baptls.t con- vention will be held in Brady Mon- day and Tuesday. COLEMAN. Coleman county Bapltslst workers' conference will meet at the Coleman Junction church Thursday. BURKETTAlunior boys and girls will stage playground ball tounia- ment at Burkctt Saturday. Junior boys will hold their track meet the same day. 8 Baptist con- tlon will be held in Snyder Thurs- day and Friday. Eclor County Livestock show win be hfld March X and X. Marshal Hermann Wilhelm Goer- Ing, named acting chancellor In Germany during Hitler's absence Der Fuehrer's steamroller tactics soon may be expected to turn to- ward Czechoslovakia, where there are Germans In wnom IIH- ler has proclaimed his interest. He is known to have profound contempt for the protests of west- ern democracies against his "poli- tics by force." The union of all German} !s something which every German si heart desires, no matter how crllt- cal he may be of national social- ism. That Hitler hss managed to bring another 6.500.000 persons In- to the German fold appeared to comiflnnd the respect even of his enemies. HOT OIL ISSUE IN GOVERNOR'S RACE AUSTIN, March ministration of the hot oil confis- cation jaw by Attorney General William McCraw became en Issue today in the governor's race. Railroad Commissioner Ernest O. Thompson, opponent of Mc- Craw In the gubernatorial derby, criticised the attorney general's de- partment for selling 963 barrels of confiscated oil a week ago at Longvicw for 20 1-2 cents a barrel. He voiced the opinion "Ihls con- fiscation racket should be stopped'' and said hr did not Intend to sign a tender permitting movement ot the oil "unless compelled to do so by court proceedings." The other HE political devel- opment of tlic rtiy was wilh- rirair.ll Tormfr Stats lor Walter C. Woodward of Coleman from Ihe tovernnr'j Heads Teachers DENTON, March E Norton of Woodrow Wilson high school of Dallas was elected presi- dent of the North Texas district of the stale teachers' association at the closing session of the meeting here today. French Tighten Border Defense Officials View European Crisis As Deeply Grave PARIS, March manning the powerful Maginot line defenses facing the German border tonight were held to their posts as France look an Increasingly grave view of the European crisis. The Maginot line of steel and concrete fortifications faces the German frontier along almost the whole distance from Switzerland (o Belgium. French officials meanwhile sought to convince Great Britain It was necessary for mutual safety to take a Joint stand to discourage any German encroachment on Czech- oslovakia. CZECHS GRAVE PROBLEM They considered the war-created democracy on the Reich's border the real powder barrel because of alliances with France and Soviet Russia. Premier-Designate Leon Blum at the same time gavs up attempts to form a national union government of all parties and sought desperate- ly to recreate a people's front cab- inet lo give the country a ministry. France definitely Is committed by treaty to aid Czechoslovakia in ev- ent of aggression; Britain's hands are free. The foreign office pointed out however there were no Juridical grounds on which lo base a charge on violation ot a neutral state's territory in the case of Germany's nazlfication of Austria. Two More Days For Filing Tax Reports With only two more days to file Income lax returns before the dead- line, deputy internal revenue collec- tors W. H. Talbot and E. D. Priest were preparing for capacity crowds at roo'Li 301 Feberal building Mon- day and Tuesday. The deputy collectors made a final appeal to persons wanting help with their income lax blanks lo come to the office as soon as possible. The office will open at In the morning and remain open until t p. m. Describes Union Of Nations His 'Divine' Mission Soldiers Occupy Land As Fuehrer 7, 'Returns Home' By The Associated Press VIENNA, March 12 i Hitler joined Austria and Gtr- many tonight and defied world to part them. He proclaimed this new Pan-' German union from a Linz bal- cony to cheering- thousands. As Hitler spoke nazi forces, tanks and planes swept through tiny Austria to re-make the map of Europe and rouse new fears of European war. "Any other attempt to part this people will he in the mphant Puehrertold throngs massed to welcome hii return to hu native land and fulfillment of the long-dream- ed union of Germany and her-' southern neighbor. Declaring it inlj. sion to return Austria to the Ger- man fatherland, bare-headed Hit- ler in an army overcoat told the crowd "your presence Is testimony it is not the wishforJy of a few to found this Pan-Oirmany but is the will of tht German people it- self. TREAT! ANNULLED. "It wojld be if soms of our well seek-ers after truth could not only see the truth here but also recog- nize It." i The new nazi chancellor of Aus. trla, Anhur Seysz-Inquart, greet- ed Hitler by proclaiming annul- ment of (he treaty of St. Germain, which forbade union of Germany and Austria. Diplomatlr circles expressed be- lief the presence of so many Ger- man troops wot not intended pri- marily to intimidate Austria w much as Czechoslovakia. They pointed out that German, troops, encircling half of Czecho- slovakia, form a powerfud threat to a ,pincer-HXe action to that country, In whose Ger- mans Hitler has expressed an in- terest. TROOPS TO BRENNER PASS Hitler backed his dramatic union of the two German-sneaklne peoples with the Reich's military might th-.-us'.ing Its gray ranks Into every part of Austria and bringing German troops face to face with Italy at the Brenner pass. The fuehrer saved for tomor- row a triumphal entry into Vienna, All Austria went nazl. Federal, provincial ana municipal govern- ments were taken over by nazis. Austrian army troops "not onlf stood by. but also fraternized with the invading legions. A wave of arrests struck fear to thousands of Jews, socialists, and former Aus- trian government chieftains alike. Austria's frontiers were closed quickly to prevent a mass HITLER, rtr. IS, CoL 2 The Weather ANI> YIC1MTYI cwikr Sunday. HEST TF.XAS: Fair Sandar and cooTtr Tn north and rtftral pnrtlEoiM und HAST TKXAS: PariV rlonrtv an4 cAdnv, rooVr and In north por- tion Sonay aftfrnoon. In ilroftff nln.li on Ihr cimt. nhtrilnc nnrthfrlv Son Jar nlitht. OKLAHOMA! Tartly Sunday an4
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