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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 9, 1938, Abilene, Texas VOL. LVI I, NO. 291. "WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FKJENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT j em, HALT JAP PATROL IN SHANGHAI T ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 9, 1938. PAGES United States Marines are shown as they halted a Japan- ese patrol on Nanking road In Shanghai recently as the latter sought to enter the American defense zone. Later Japanese of- ficers issued a statement of rc- Bret and promised to send no more patrols to the American sector. ONE TO BE CHARGED- 3 Held Irio Passes 7 Checks In Cily Officers Find 6 More On Persons Of 2 Men, Woman No proclamation was issued, but yesterday was Cold Check Day In Abilene. Three people, fro men and a woman, were arrested yesterday afternoon by Police Captain w. W. West, accused of laying down a barrage of seven bogus checks among businessmen, six more checks, ready for cashing were found in the possession of one of the men. Captain West said last night that the man In whose possession the checks were found would be trans- ff' red to county officers this morn-, ing 'and charges of swindling filed against him. The other man and the woman are booked for Investi- gation at present, with possibility they will face charges of being ac- complices later, West said. ARRESTED AT SAFEWAY The trio was arrested while at- tempting to casli a check at R Safeway food store. While they were being questioned at head- quarters, credit managers of three other stores made their appearance and filed complaints. Three more were received by telephone. The po- lice captain opined that today would see more of th checks ap- pear. All of the checks passed were made out to "Cash'' for S5. One of the checks confiscated was for The checks were made out by typewriter on blanks from the Citi- zens National bank In Abilene. They were drawn on the Farmers and Stockman's bank, Clayton, N. M. The endorsement was "H. M. Davis." The New Mexico bank Informed Abilene police by wire last night COLD CHECKERS Pg 1Z Col 5 One-lime Red Police Chief Admits Killings Action Follows Partial Denial MOSCOW, March rikh G. Yagodn, secret police chief who "wanted to become a Russian Hitler." faced (he Moscow treason trial court tonight and pleaded "full guilt" in four medical murders. He admitted ordering the death of his predecessor in office and try- Ing unsuccessfully to poison Nlkonai Yczhoff. present secret police chief. He also testified he had sent to Leon Trotsky, exiled former So- viet leader. The gray-faced, broken man liad retracted partially his pre-trial con- fession, bul niter a recess In which he was taken back to prison he repudiated the retraction. His retraction of his previous de- nial, like that of N. N. Krcstlnsky on the second day of the trial, puz- zler) foreign observers. NO EXPLANATION Yagoda. who was the most-dread- ed head of the Soviet secret police has known, and who knows all of Ks methods, kept silent on his rea- sons. In his testimony at the morning session he admlltcd he had ordered the over-dose deaths of Maxim Gorky, famed Russian writer, and Valerian V. Kniblshcff, chief of the first five-year plan. Next he denied he had ordered the medical murders of Maxim Pechfcoff. Gorky's son. and Yvaches- laff Menzhlnsfcy. his own predeces- sor us secret police chief. Later, however, he reversed a purl of his previous testimony, and ad- mitted giillt In the death of Mcn- zhlnsky. Then. Inking the stand again, Yagoda pleaded "full guilt" to the charges against him. accepting rc- for Hie illness of Pcch- JOHN M. HENDRIX RESIGNS AS WICC PUBLICITY DIRECTOR Former Abilene, S'water Man Takes Temporary Job With Fat Stock Show formerlj' of SwectwBter and Abilene, has resigned as publicity director for the West Texas chamber of commerce to accept a job as director of public relations for the Southwestern Exposition and Fat Stock show, other ich will announced after the show closes. IX A. Bandeen, manager to assume JOHN M. IlENDUIX Show Boosters GuesfsToday Delegates of the Port Worth Junior chamber of commerce, boosting the Southwestern Exposi- tion and Fort Worth Fat Stock show which opens Friday, will ar- rive in Abilene at o'clock this morning. They will be guests of the Booster club for a luncheon at the Woolen hotel dining room. Heading the delegation is the TCU Horned Frog band and offi- cials of the junior chamber of commerce. They are D. G. Llg'.jctt, James H. Stewart of Dallas. national vice-president, Bill national vice- president, and J. C. Allen of Fort Worth, state secretary-treasurer. EXl'ECT AT MJNCll Approximately 225 persons are e.vpected lo attend the luncheon. said Bob Cannon, secretary of the Bodsters club, last night. Invita- tion's have bocn to all civic dubs of Abilene to attend the peering pnn invitations also have gone out to junior chambers ot commerce at Colorado. Cisco. Min- eral Wells, Wichita Falls and San Angeto. Ed Grissom, president of the Booster club, will introduce the loastmaster. F-sco Walter. The in- vocation will be by Dr. E. B. Sur- face, pastor of the Central Pres- byterian church. Mayor W. W. Hair will give Hie welcome address. Entertainment will be by 30 members of (he Abilene htghchool choral club, the high chool girl's the ACc Harmony Hackers, the Anson Twins, tap dancer, and Gene Esle.? who will play sn ac- cordion solo. The Fort Worth delegation. 1W strong In three buses, will be met south of town and near Tuscola by local representatives. First Lady Visits Ropesvilfe Project U1BBOCK. March ost In New Dtal rehabilitation this afternoon took: the first Inrty of Ihe land, Mrs. Franklin D. Hoosevfll, early this nrtcmon in the rain to the Ropesvillc resettlement projec homos and granted a press conference at noon place In In her hotel suite here. of the West Texas chamber of commerce said last night there Is no hurry to name a new publicity man Wil- burn Page of Wichita Palls will be in charge of arrangements for the annual convention which will be held this year at Wichita Falls. ONCE BCD SECRETARY j.Hendrix iwas secretary of the Board of City Develporo'ent at Sweetwater for several years and later lived In Abilene where he was located as assistant administrator of district 13 of the works progress ad-fllnistrijtJon.. a member of the publicity de- partment, Hendrix will direct spe- cial day events in which more than a dozen cities and counties will par- ticipate. He will continue his work as chairman of the general arran- gements committee for the square dance contest, which will be a feature of old-time cowboy day 'at the stock show. Hamlin Resident For 27 Years Dies HAMLIN, March M Acuff, 77, a Hamlin resident since 1911, died at his home at this morning of a lingering illness Mr Aculf had sufered from par- tial paralaysis, having been first stricken 23 years ago. Rites will be conducted at the home Wednesday afternoon at Maples Funeral home is in charg, of arrangements. Mr. Acuff is survived by his wife four sons. ,W. V., J. F. and N. A Oklahoma City; three daughters. Mrs. w. P. Lassiter of Hamlin, and Mrs. J. E. Carpenter and Mrs. Maj Boswell of Fort Worth; two broth- crs and a sister; 13 grandchildren and four great chandchlldren He was born October 2, I860 in sclKwl al thc same hour; and 'an Euren rmmiv .-j Walter Hammond, chairman of Van Buren county. Tenn.. am. moved successively to Aranksas, to Tarrant county, and to Ham- lin. Delay Looms For Anti-Trust Trails AUSTIN, March of the state's large anti-trust penalty suit against cement companies and cases to forfeit oil leases on certain and perhaps longer. Once Powerful Broker Ousted From Exchange Whitney Concern Fails; Wall Street Shocked But Calm NEW YORK, March The brokerage house of Richard Whitney sen- ior pai-lner ruled over the New York stock exchange in the cru- cial days following the 1929 mar- ket today. Federal and state agencies im- mediately plunged Into widespread Investigations ot the firm's activi- ties. STOCK MARKET QUIET Although (he failure re-' garded in Wall street as one of the most spectacular In exchange- history, because of Whitney's pro- minence, It left the stock market calm. Prices of leading issues generally opened lower, slipped moderately after the news of the' Whitney failure was announced a few after the opening, and strengthen- ed In late trading. While Investigators: of the secur- ities and exchange commission worked behind locked doors ot the brokerage house. Assistant Attor- ney General Ambrose V. McCall of New York state opened private hearings, questioning Henry D.Mc- Gatt, a partner in the firm, and Robert J. Rosenwald. cashier, fol- lowing which McCall said the hear- ings would be resumed tomorrow. MISSING FROM HEARING Whitney, brother of George Whitney, partner In the banking house of J. P. Morgan A: Company was not present at the hearing to- day. Process servers from McCall's office were unable to locate him. McCall, said he believed Whitney would be present for questioning tomorrow. At the offices of exchange, it was said the routine March 1 auditing ot the Whitney film's ac- counts disclosed questionable ac- tivities which were reported at once to the business conduct com- mittee of the exchange. The exchange, it was said, at oiice notified the SEC and the New York slate attorney general's office. Over the weekend, the busi- ness conduct committee determin- ed Itsucourse and Jiled charges, ajalnst' the firm with the govern- ing committee yesterday. This morning, President Charles R. succeeded Whitney as president of the exchange in 1935, after the so-called "old guard" forces behind Whitney in the exchange were bested in a rostrum commanding (he mam- moth trading floor, Gay announc- ed the firm's suspension. Former U. S. District Attorney Charles H. Tuttle, on behalf of the firm, filed a voluntary petition In bankruptcy for the co-partner- ship and for the partners as in- dividuals. IT'S NOTHING By MORGAN M. BEATTV Al' Feature Service Writer WASHINGTON, March 8-Before you lose all patience with the Eu- ropean Intrigue boiling up through the headlines, here arc a couple of simple facts that go a long way to explain what is happening: 1, Europe, before the World war, was a set of nations that had. jelled through the centuries. Rivers, mountains and coastlines had play- ed a part in forming boundaries. Various native characters had play- ed another part. They tried to keep peace by the system called the bal- ance of power, H was a system in which friend made treaty with friend against common enemies. 2. Came the war, the Versailles treaty, and the League of Nations. The treaty broke up old. alignments, the league was set up to enforce new ones. If the league was going to keep peace, there was no need for a balance of power. FORGET THE LABELS Now let's glance at the pre-war set up, forgetting for the moment the labels and slogans of present- day Europe communism, ansch- luss, fascism, and wliat-have-you. In 1914, two great armed camps were keeping the balance of power. One was the entente, headed by France, and supported primarily by See EUROPE, re. 12, Col 1 Farm Discussions Continue Tonight Meetings Slated In 3 Communities ..uu., Rl .i.ju, A series of community meetings for oy the Rev. J. H. Littleton. The discussion of the cotton marketing quota to be voted on Saturday will continue In Taylor county today. County Agent Knox Parr will speak in the county courthouse at >v. v., o. r. and N. A in me county courtnouse a all of Fort Worth, and George of P- m- Buffalo Gap Prcs Olv-ifthnmo byterlan church nt p. m. O. W. King, assistant agent in soil lu _. ou.. mat some arpiomauc means might ,v conservation will speak at Elmdalc- be found to preserve European peace nr with her vast armament member of the county committee! bill at ._ -lammond, chairman of the county committee, will conduct a meeting at Trent tonight. Thursday night meetings will be held at Bradshaw. Wvlle. Butman and Mt. Pleasant. Friday night meetings will be at Tuscola, Ov.ilo and Tye. PRICE 5 CENTS 'COMPROMISE Rail Rate Hikes Granted EUROPE RESTORING OLD BALANCE OF POWER 'he map shows what. Hitler was thinking about when, In his speech to the Reichstag, he pro- mised to protect German minor- ities beyond the borders of the Fatherland. Biggest blocs of potential Nazis outside Germany arc the Germans in Austria and the In Czechoslovakia. Even before he" spoke. Der Fuehrer had taken steps to Improve the lot of Aus- tria's Germans. And now the biggest stick, of dynamite in Central power maga- zine Is the fear what he may do about his countrymen In Czech- oslovakia. Europeans Vie For Advantages Britain, Italy Talk Peace As Others Rearm LONDON, March rival powers fenced for advantage tonight in delicate .negotiations which may determine whether arbi- tration' or armaments .-will-celtle their problems. While major nations engaged in the most furious race since the World war, British and Italian diplomats started bargaining In Rome. Thursday the British will begin even more ticklish discussions In London with nazi Germany. It was believed success of the London talks hinged on whether Great Britain is willing to do something about Chan- cellor Adolf Hitler's demand for col- nies. Prime Minister Neville Chamber- lain, whose decision to deal directly with Hitler and Premier Benito Mus- solini caused Foreign Secretary An- Ihony Eden to resign, has given no intimation as to what concessions he is prepared to make to the dictators. PRESS QUIET It was considered significant that :he British press tacitly supported government policy by refraining from speculation about the confer- ences. Hitler in his recent Reich- stag speech sharply criticized British newspapers for their handling of re- ports on German affairs. The British government subse- quently denied it would try to Curb press discussion of the diplomatic situation but dropped strong hints that restraint would be appreciated. France, while hoping desperately hat some diplomatic means might natlCK even though national fi- strained. Jobless In Texas Paid Half Million AUSTIN, T ._ nuoi B__irt Fair, C-C More To Absorb Rodeo Loss A campaign to clear the deficit on he spring rodeo and livestock show by popular .subscription was started Tuesday by the West Texas Fair as- sociation and the chamber of com- merce. Almost of Ihe deflcll was subscribed by members of the boards of directors of the two or- ganizations in a meeting Tuesday President B. H. Jcffcries of the fair in January. mlttces taking subscriptions would be received Wednesday. FAIR TO ORGANIZED Founder Of Celebration Glad Wives' Mothers Get Just Dues; Lauds Spirit Of Movement Editor's Note: The following was written for the Associated Press by Gene A. Howe. Ama- rlllo newspaper publisher who founded Mother-in- Uw day In Amarlllo five years ago after a joke In his column had offend- ed his mother-in-law. Mrs Nel- lie DonaM. Molher-ln-Law day will be observed Wednesday.) BV GENE AMARILLO, March I'm Slad I live in that is civilized. A mother-in-law still Is a mother out here In Ama stales. mother-in-law movement Is due to the renewed interest In life It has brought to so many thousands of women and to the publicity which comes from (he seeming incongruity of Ihc whole affair. People in Ih'c casl raise their eyebrows and con- sider it goofy. Maybe so. but if so there Is merit in goodness. The movcnif nt has expanded from n simple lea for a group of women until I! has become a demonstration thai will be attended by Mrs. Roose- velt and five governors who will ildc horseback in the "march of the the longest and happy tiost colorful parade ever held In west. Ann" this Is In a clly of 60.000 people preparing to wel Of (nc country rt-y people Prrrarinc In wrl- The Phenomenal growth of the IJpe visitorT from every stale In the Union. There is no silly sentiment in this This Is nor.r of the ririjipy gush of commercialism of Mothers' day. Probably there is more mother-in- law humor dispensed in Amarlllo than any other place. But there Is nothing cruel or Inhuman about It. The and remarks that Indi- cate a mnthcr-in-law meddle- some, vicious shrew who makes trou- ble where ever she KOCS are out. The mothcrs-tn-law arcbeins: treat- ed as human bcinps who have place In the lives of all of us. Good-nature is contagions. Peo- ple enjoyed seeing the mothers-in- law enjoylns tlicni.vlvfs nlirn (lie movement began, and they, too, See Molhtrs-ln-tjw, Tf. U, Col. S FD 'DEMANDS QUARRELING TVA DIRECTORS BACK UP CHARGES President, Irritated At Internal Row, Wants 'Facts, Not Opinions' WASHINGTON, March S.-WKPresldent Roosevelt, obviously dis- quieted demanded tod.y that-the embattled directors of the Tennessee Valley Authority Justify their bitter charges counter charges' If thlj Stepping directly In W, the row between Chairman Arthur E' announced he had. called ah" three Into A conference Biday. Grimly and emphatically, he told reporters he would demand proof of the charges of bad faith that have been flying back and forth and added he wanted facts, not opinion. NOT so .'FUNNY Correspondents at his semi- weekly press conference laughed when one asked if all three would be gathered In the same room at the same time, but Roosevelt's stern expression quickly quieted the hilarity. Three additional developments in the TVA row occurred during the day. Senator Norris (Ind-NeW, au- thor of the TVA act, told the sen- ate "Intense had led Chairman Morgan to make angry charges against Ullenthal and Harcourt Morgan. A resolution was Introduced in the house demanding that all three TVA directors resign. Asked today what he Intended to say to the three directors Roosevelt said he would request that the statements made by all be Justified, If they could justify them. Something .has to be done he continued, because public opinion Is obviously based upon the opin- ions expressed by the factions and. not the facts Striking Students Ignore Dismissal DOYLESTOWN, Pa., March 8.- Graduation plans for 50 Na- tional Farm school seniors hung in Hie balance today as they announc- ed determination to "stick" by the rest of the student body in defying an order to call off a "strike" or be expelled. Dean Cletus L. Goodllns notified the students, who come from 22 states, to return to the classes they quit yesterday or leave the Insti- tution's grounds at p. m. (C.S.T.) The students' answer was to burn :hc dean in effigy In front of his home and vote unanimously to is- nor the ultimatum. The Weather Moisture Here Gauges.19 Inch Intermittent showers that brought .19 inch of moisture for the 24-hour period ending late yesterday, continued last night. Light drizzles were reported in practically every West Texas town, but no heavy precipitation was re- corded. The additional rainfall con- tinued to brighten prospects for the country's greatest small grain crop which is already six weeks ahead of the crop of 19J7. Range conditions likewise are the best for March In years as grasses are plentiful and water Is everywhere QUICKENS TRADING These favorable conditions coupled with higher prices for all types of livestock, have caused Increased activity in trading. Nu- merous orders for feeder cattle from the corn belt stales have not been filled. Yeslerday's rainfall brought the total for this year to 2.91 inches as compared with normal of 227 Inches for the period, and 1.1B inches last year. The high low temperature yesterday was 58 and 50 degrees. The weather fore- cast Is continued cloudiness and probably rain. Ayn VICIMTVi Cloodj. IMsr TF..VASJ t.ln, 1 IV! rurally rlradi'. Frf md -nnlhfA.I Nlndi w> thf OKLAHOMA; Rtlii rlond- Y.n >nd Thon- rkxrnr: wam> 9 In II 31 M i! lllstit.t n. m. o. Mil imiN-ralnrct In 9 Miil'fl jrilrrriav. :.M: Kalnrall Icr !i huu tndlnt n. .If. Hunt Still Stymied Dark clouds over the sierra toda, again balked the week-long search 'or a mlsslnc airliner and Its nine occupants, but reports came In un Increase Not Enough lo Suit Railroad Men 15 Percent Boost Not Met; FD Coifs Parley Next Week WASHINGTON, March 8- (AP) The interstate com- merce commission granted .a annual increase in freight rates tonight to save the railroads from threatened insolvencies, and .possibly to stimulate industries which sell railroad equipment. DISAPPOINTMENT Railroad men, who had pleaded for a flat 15 per cent Increase amounting to about were frankly disappointed, how- ever. President Roosevelt, who had been waiting Sor the rate decision before searching for a permanent solution to chronic ills of the rail- roads, immediately summoned a group of congressional, I. C C railroad and labor leader to meet next week to discuss the next step. The I. C. C. gave the railroads a 5 per cent increase on farm and forest products and 10 per cent on virtually everything else that moves by rail. These increases, however, are Inclusive of raises granted on steel, coke and many other "heavy" commodities last fall. Therefore, on some of the rates raised in the autumn there will be little or no additional In- crease. Several of the commissioners warned, the .railroads that much corporate; and financial house- cleanlngslies between them and sound -'operations. Commissioner Miller icaUed for 'consolidation of Into a single system. ry.liy force a partial in- crease In rates, trie commission was not wholly optimistic about effect of the rates. Commissioner Atchlton predicted the Increase would .hamper business recovery, and the majority opinion emph- asized that higher rates might offset somew.hat by decreasing traffic volume. Commissioner Eastman, the ad- ministration's former coordinator of railroads, estimated, however, that the increase would amount to per year and would be adequate to compensate the car- riers for increased wages and oth- er costs and also for the failure of past Increases to meet expecta- tions The commission said the rail- roads couM apply the new rates on ten days' notice, but must have them In effect by July I, ICC's Decision Given In Detail WASHINGTON, March In brief, here is what the Interstate commerce commission did today Sw FREIGHT RATES, Tg U Col 7 Jones FSA Loans To Be Announced Clarence Symes, Taylor and Jones counlles supervisor for Farm Secur- ity administration, said Tuesday that names of half a dozen Jonea county farmers to receive loans to buy farms under the Jones-Bank- head act would probably be releas- ed within a week. Symes said that names of seven len had already been selected, but that their approval pends passing of physical examinations. The federal government has ap- propriated for buying of ji II i. J .....c propnaien lor Buyine of dlmlnbhcd volume from people who farms for tenants in Jones county said they saw the storm-buffeted a immj. ship last Tuesday night. Six farms will be bought, Symes In- dicated. TRIBUTE TO DR. Gov. Allred Eulogizes McMurry Founder In Texas Tech Address A tribute to the late Dr. J. W. Hunt, founder of McMurry college, rcclta] of the part he played in building western civilization formed a portion of a speech by Governor James V. Allred al Lubbock yester- day afternoon. Occasion of the address was the ylns of the cornerstone ot the library al Texas Tech. A rowd variously estimated at 3.000 4.000 persons sat or stood in the sin lo hear the program 'Governor .Mired said in part: "Today r want to take you back with me to a month in the 70s to witness an unforgettable and In- ptrtng scene. In front of an old schooner marched a lone man. With rifle in hand, alertly he watched on all sides as Ihe noble wen tugged laboriously to draw the chooner over hills and across plains o an unknown home on a Wesl Texas range. "By the side of the schooner, with loaded rifle pressing upon his youth- ful shoulder was a H-year-old son who stepped along 45 gallantly and as proudly as ever a hero marched to battle for his native land. In- side the schooner rode the queenly pioneer mother and her daughters. 'Thus came from another state, the Hunts to the Panhandle ot Texas. The lad grew Into manhood, fought the battles of life against adversity in a new country, strug- gled for an education, read the best books, contribnled largely to the development of the west; was or- Jalned a minister in his church and WAS for many years president of McMurry college al Abilene. My re- ference Is to the late and lamented Dr. J. w. Hunt, who was that 14- year-old son I have here mention, ed."
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