Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - February 22, 1938, Abilene, Texas fit VOL LVI I, NO. 276. "WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR fi SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT AS EUROPE DIGESTS HITLER'S REICHSTAG ADDRESS .ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORN ING, FEBRUARY 22, 1938.-8 PAGES viut PRICE 5 CENTS r--------- ww M1W M HV Chamberlain 'Scraps' Eden And 'All He Stood For' On 206TH BIRTHDAY- WASHINGTON'S CLAIM TO TITLE OF ALL-AMERICAN PATRIOT STILL AS UNCHALLENGED -AS WHEN HE DIED Bj ALEXANDER R. GEORGE AP Feature Service Writer Feb. 21 The 206th anniversary of the birth of George Washington finds "the father of his country" established .more solidly than ever in the No. 1 'niche of America's hall of fame. In the giddy twenties the "de- bunkers" were havtog their fling. They made some startling at- tempts to prove that some of the Washington linen was not quile to immoaculate. Out of It all emerged a Washington less fabulous but more human'and understandable. The public became increasingly Washington minded. The number of visitors to Mount yerno'n- and 1 -afo- VM, Wasliliiglori-fitjonuiuont: Is Increasing by thousands yearly. More" than 600.000 make the pfl- 1 primage annually-to the nation's stately premier shrine on the Po- tomac, the most unsentimental among them confessing'to a tight- ening, of the throat and a strange stirring of pride on entering the building where the first President lived and died. Last year, for the first time in history, visitors to the Washington monument numbered more thafl -an Increase of over the 1936 total. Even in boom- time 1929 only were listed as visitors at the mighty obelisk. At the Library of Congress where books on Washington num- ber some there Is a steadily increasing interest In- writings by and about Washington. With the exception of the con- stitution, Washington's farewell address, which sums up his politi- cal philosophy, .is quoted more than any other' o! the V county's gaged In the business of American statecraft. Advocates of a powerful navy point to- the strong defense pre- cepts of "the founder of the Amer- ican navy." Those who fear "en- tangling alliances" constantly cite Washington's warnings against them. Neighbors On Two Routes Hear Of Abilene Stock Show-Rodeo Today .Two Abilene service chtbs, Rotary and Kiwanis, will leave this morning for goodwill tours boosting the West Texas Bovs livestock Enow and world championship rodeo here March 1-3 Towns in six neighboring counties will be visited by the dele- gations who carry tidings of the championship rodeo that is to attract the worlds leading contenders. These tours will be followed by one Wednesday by the Parramore post of the American Legion and Ttmrsday by the Lions club. Accompanied by the Indian band of McMurry college in one bus, Rotary club members in two other buses will depart northeastward at this morning from the Hilton hotel. The Kiwanis club representa- tives will go southward from the chamber of commerce at 9. Ed Stewart, generalissimo for Ibe tour, said last night that at least 30 Rotary club members had signi- fied their intention ot being along. The following Illnerary will be fol- lowed: a. m., Moran; Albany; Breckcnrldge; 3 p. m., Enstlnnd; Cisco; Putnam; 5, Ealrd; Clyde. The' party will swing just about noon, there duplicating in Breckenrldge stage a parade similar appear- anccs earlier In Hie day, and then join the Breckenridge -Rotailans for luncheon. SPEAKERS Jmcs p. Sllnson Is to be the speaker for Ihe noon program In See TRIPS, V Col. 4 Scouts' Area Council Elects Despite inclement weather regu- lar business session and election of officers of the executive council ol the Chlsholm Trail area. Boy Scouts of America, was held yesterday af- ternoon at the Hilton hotel. The annual banquet was postpon- ed until March due to the long busi- ness session and inability of some of Ihe council to attend. President E. S. Ciimmlngs was re- elected to head the council for the fourth conseculive term. Vice-Pres- Idents elected were Dr. R. R. Love- lady of Santa Anna, the Rev. J. A. Owens of Albany, R. Floyd Price of Coleman, c. B. Brecdlove of See SCOUTS, Fj. 3, Col. 7 THE PLOT Inquisitors Seek To Pry Into McCraw's Private Banking As Senate Probe Widens DALLAS, Feb. 21. Attor- ney General William McCraw candidate for governor, was drawn' Into the proceedings of the ssn- ate's general investigating com- mittee today more prominently than ever before. The inquisitors, who moved to. Dallas for R resumption of their Inquiry Into state land leasing" practices and other matters souglvt unavaillngly to obtain private bank rewrds of McCraw and his former law partner, Tom C. Chrk M Dallas, now nn assislnnt United attorney general. Clark Interrogated at length about M activities before he entered service This course of Ihe com- nittee heaped more on thp lonlrovcrsy whether one of hltrt McCrawls can-, lictacy. On-ernor Allred, a possi- aspirant to a third term, had named a special attorney to assist the committee in questioning wit- nesses hc took no part in the bank account bickering or Ihe examination of Clark. Sen. T. J. of Galves- ton, the committee's chairman, dented charge by Carl L. Esles. Longview publisher, contained In an open letter to Joe L. Hill, that the committee hoped to help Allred "sir.ear" McCraw. "We Intend to go Into he said, "Involving not only Mc- Craw's department but the ad- ministration of Governor Allred while attorney central and Enwsl O. Thomosoii ns railroad commis- sioner. Thompson Is another po- .enthl candidate. We want it known." hc con- Ifmied. we will go nnvwhcrc Ihe public Interest takes vis." New High Grain Yield Seen As Snow Soaks In Two To Eight-Inch Fall Covers Central Westex Counties Forgelfu'i of its first ton, Central .West Texas last night scanned with hopeful eye the proipect of wheat yield even greater than 1937's bumper crop. Its fields and pastures were a broad expanse of white, with dark splotches bared only by sweep of a north wind or rays' of a wintry sun. Snow from two to eight Inches deep blanketed a 15-county area with a 15 to 100-mile radius of Abilene. It fell Sunday night on a territory which less than a week before bad been soaked with from two to sU Inches of rain. Last night, only partly melted by Monday's sunshine, snow still remained to into the frost- backed esrlh. With wheat acreage between 15 and 25 per cent larger than last year, grain men saw possibility ot a crop bringing even more than the it poured Into-their pocgkets last summer. An esti- mated acres were devoted to wheat in this area In 1937. COLD FAVORABLE They ssld only normal moisture would be necessary to bring small grains to maleurity. Cold weath- er was considered favorable, too, because it prevented too rapid growth and jointing which would leave wheat vulnerable to late freezes. Although the snow storm caused livestock suffering, it was not be- lieved that cattle and sheep losses would be heavy. A. J. Swenson of the Swenson Land and Cattle company at Stamford adjudged February, conditions the this-" season in'many estimated livestock losses from the blizsard: would be less than one- tenth of one per cent. Similarly, J; L. Hill Jr., secretary- treasurer of this Stamford Produc- tion Credit association, said only a rew; llvestock-'Iosses had been re- ported, condition of the wheat crop was and the "gen-ral prospect line." Their opinions were typical of those expressed last night bj agri- culture through- out Central West Texas. A correspondent of the Reporter- News at Albany, "home of the Here- reported: "Stock conditions are improving, winter grains and weeds are growing rapidly. Cattle now are on the mend." Danger was greatest, of course, to young Iambs, and sheepmen spent back-breaking hours yesterday in rescuing weaker animals and moving See SXOW, Pf. 3, Col. 5 Legion Stressing Preparedness Bill Parramore post delegates to the annual mid-winter convention of the 17th district returned Sunday from the two day session at Mineral Wells. Stressed in the procedure of the convention was the Importance of the Sheppard-Hill preparedness bill now before congress. All Legion- naires were urged to back the bill in a united effort. In the business section of the conclave the Parramore post aui- lliary was announced as winner of the membership quola contest for the district. Ranger was selected Ihe next convention city with a tentative date of the latter pirt of June for Ihe next meet. Abilene's delegates were M'r. and Mrs. E. G. Wells, Mr. and Mrs L S. Danle] and Don Marshall. Daniel 5th division commander and Mrs' Daniel, 5th division chairman of the auxiliary, were speakers on the pro- gram. The Weather K, roU I" I mivrstnrf 3f. norm 1 3 M. 11 T. N. CARSWELL Carswell'38 j C-C Executive Secretary-Manager Since 1924 Choice Of ]B Directors Board of directors of the Abilene chamber of commerce Monday re- elected T, N. Carswell as secretary- manager of the organization. J. C. Hunter, president of the chamber, announced the election at the close thj meeting. It opened late Monday morning, adjourned for lunch, resumed In the early after- noon. Soon after the meeting was reconvened, the 'motion for Cars- well's recelction was placed before the group and carried unanimously Carswell's application was not before the board; nor was any other application. "We studied the matter thorough- ly.' said Hunter, "and elected'Mr unanimously." .Carswell has-held of ifcretary- manager since 1924 Thirteen of the 15'board members were present. Members absent were O. p. DUluighom, who Is out of town, and Claude M. Gill, con fin- ed to his home by illness Present were Hunter, Arch Bat- jer, Price Campbell, George L Min- ter, D G. Barrow, Tom K. Eplen, Max Bentlcy, O. B. Radford; Vic Behrens, Homer Scott, Jesse Win- ters, W. J. Fulwiler and Fleming James, Idianans' Party For McNuti Will Be 'Jusf Social' WASHINGTON, Feb. 21 Indiana democrats Intend to pre- sent their favorite son. Paul V. Mc- Nuft, to national political society at a gala coming out Wednesday Of course, if you asfc them they will tsll you'solemnly that Is not a candidate for the presidency, and r.ssurs- you that the reception intended pure- ly and simply as a social affair. in the next breath, they will say that personally they hold high hopes jfor him in 19W, 'and add that these hopes and y's ,wty are dls- associnled utter- ly. "Wo Just want McNUTT him to meet the folks here in Washington." said Senator Hinbon who Is giving the reception. "Il's purely a social affair. Of course we may covet some high position for him lat.'r. But that's quite aside from this reception." British Fuehrer MayAskCzecho Envoy To Parley Informed Circles Believe Time For Next Coup Is Near BERLIN, Feb. Foreign diplomats and private nazi sources are agreed that ai as Reichschancellor Adolf Hitler feels, his new influence in Austria is de- veloped he will torn to osovakia. FEAR COMPLICATIONS This new development came to- night as foreign diplomats were expressing fears Hitlers proclama- tion of himself to the Reichstag as protector of German minorities in central Europe easily might lead to international, complica- tions. Hitler was expected won to In- vite either Premier Milan Hodza or Foreign Minister Kamil KrofU to Berlin to talk about the 000 Germans In Czechoriavakia. Hitler usually presses his id- vantages and an advantage is seen here In the resignation of British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden In defiance of settlement with Germany Italy. Hitler has engineered in his principal coups when his oppo- nents were at difficulty at home or elsewhere than with Germany. BOLD INTENTIONS' Hitler's boastful assertion that "whatever we have accomplished has been accomplished without the slightest aid from abroad1! _ -_ i T" Break Bitter; Thought Eying Czechs for herself whatever :ahe thinks necessary without asking 'any- body's permission.' In his Sunday speich the Reichstag Hitler promised the support of Germany's rearmed might to protect Germans outside the borders of the pally .in Austria and -Czechoslo- vakia was taken as challenge'to the sovereignty of that republic. In this connection, Der T'uerer's demand for return of Germany's war-lost partlcu- larlv at Great added significance. EDEN'S FATE PLEASING Resignation of. British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden, coming on the heels of Hitler's sarcastic at- tack on him. led to German hopes Prime Minister Neville Chamber- lain would come to a "sensible" arrangement with nari Germany and fascist Italy. The German foreign office was understood to believe startling British developments did not mean Britain would abandon France but rather would bring 'France with her Into an understanding with the Rome-Berlin axis. Any such four-sided arrangement was ex- oected to be based. In part at least, on colonies tor Germany. Labor Candidates Lose In Seattle SEATTLE. Feb. 31 cilman Arthur B. Langle, who ad- vocated sounder municipal financ- ing, took a substantial lead tonight over Mayor John F. .Dore and Ueutenat Governor Vitcory A. Meyers, both backed by rival labor factions, In early returns from a mayorallty primary election. Meyers, former swing band lead- er who turned to politics in 1902, WES supported by CIO ficUoni, while Dore, veteran of Seattle poli- tics, was backed by various AFL unions, particularly the powerful teamster's union. WHEN ALL ELSE Civilian Fingerprint Record In FBI Files Proves Link In Dead Man's Identification His fingerprints, on file In the civilian division of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, saved George Cruse from burial In pot- ter's field. Cruse, a 37 year old oil ficM worker, was found dead January 28 in an Abilene rooming house. Per- sonal effects supplied his nnmc but gave no clue to his address or re- latives. Several leads. Including an ap- plication In his pocket for treat- ment. In the Fort Worth city-county hospital, proved false. The dead man was fingerprinted and the card fmwardec! to the Washington headquarters of the FBI. Invcrstlgaors here notilied that Cruse had lived at Crockelt, Tex., and Ihe Housion cunly sheriff (here was asked to seek re- latives. Saturday hc telephoned to report that members of the family tentatively had Identified the oil fteW worker. Convinced that Cruse was her brother, Mrs. Bessie Iff Roper, his sister, came here Sunday. She viewed the body Monday morning to confirm her belief. Funeral services were said yes- terday afternoon by the Rev. John W. Price, assistant pastor of the First Methodist church. Burial m the city cemetery was directed by Laughter Funeral home. Cruse was born May 18, 1WO. it Tupelo Miss. He moved to Crockett wit hhis parents as a small boy. Survivors besides Mrs. Roper "Is parents, Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Cruse of Crockett; four other sis- ters and two brothers. JOHN BULL'S ABRUPT ABOUT FACE IN FASCISTIC VIEWS ROCKS WORLD DEMOCRACIES BrJ.C, STARK TT tt j and retu-ernem! stunned of Eden's sudden hin? ,GernT5' Ila'y. especially the latter, jubl- unt y hailed Chamber aIn's advance toward a more realistic oollcv In coming to terms with them. In the most Intimately affected countries of central Europe, however Britain a cabinet crisis and the shift of Britain toward Italy and Ger- many implied by It roused grave fears. France, whose Interests to the west of Germany parallel those of Austria Cwchoelovakia to the south and east, hoped the British shUt was not as complete as it seemed. Some Paris observers forecast reorganization of the French govern- ment as the next move In the InternationaV situation with pulled to the right by .the shift In British policy. Prance has come to accept collaboration with almost any her sole safeguard In Europe. Particularly fearful was little Czechoslovakia with her Ger- man minority at whom Hitler cast covetous references in his Reichstag speech yesterday. Austria, already virtually In the grasp of the nazi dictator as a re- cent political coup, saw her Independence vanishing unless her one-time protector, Italy, suddenly puts the brake on the Rome-Berlin Axis. REACTION, Pf. 3, 7 UNITED STATES MOVES FOR PAN-AMERICAN SOLIDARITY Appeal Regarded As Evidencing US Concern Over Hitler's Intentions WASHnfGTON, Feb. United States government bid today lor elote cooperation among American republics "to the exclusion of political principles and problems which are alien to this hemisphere." French Cabinet Shakeup Talked anncAmced Uiis torn President Roosevelt fb'lh'e president of Argetottna.-iHrbree" tag eagerneif to assist in the furtherance of inter-Amerlcari solidarity. HULL ALOOF Hull held aloof publicly from the European ferment stirred by Adolf Hitler's bristling foreign -policy speech and British moves to negoti- ate a new friendship with Italy. His expressions concerning the desirability of solidarity on this continent were linked with that sit- uation, however, In the minds of many students of foreign affairs. They were read with special Interest in view of. a prediction by Senator King (D-Utah) that Germany had become the most powerful nation In Europe. "This is disturbing to said King, "because it means she will push her economic policies in Latin America, and two nations there have many German citizens al- ready. I refer to Brazil and Ar- gentina. AIMING AT DOCTRINE "It mean's that she (Germany) will adopt a policy that will seek to undermine the Influence of the United States in Latin America, well as to undermine the Monroe doctrine." Many members of congress com- mented that Chancellor Hitler's speech would Increase sentiment for the Roosevelt administration's naval expansion policy. HYDE PARK, N. Y., Feb. swirling European political situation continued today to receive the' Intense Interest of President Roosevelt as he read official reports on events following upon Chancel- lor Hitler's perudiation oi the status quo and re-statement of Germany's colonial demands. No comments were made, however. X PARIS, Feb. of a possible cabinet Shakeup circulated freely tonight as France consulted her European friends on changes In diplomacy forced by resignation of Britain's foreign secretary, Anthony Eden. Foreign Minister Yvon Delboj, whose policy was tied closely to that of Eden, was considered In danger of being forced out unless French diplomacy is readjusted quickly. Members of the chamber of dep- uties said-Premier Camille Chau- temps already had talked with a number of ministers about enlarging the cabinet to Include more con- servatives. FRANCE CONCERNED Meanwhile, Belbos kept In contact with both Czechoslovakia and Rus- sia. He had a long talk with Jacob Surits, Soviet ambassador, and was said to to be In close touch with Praha. Sources close to the foreign office said that government's chief con- cern was ovtr Britain's "abandon- menf'of central Europe. Officials left little doubt that nothing would be by France on European problems until It was settled what London's new foreign policy would be. The main hope at the qual d'orsay that the British government would find Anglo-Italian concilia- tion Impossible without virtual cap- itulation to the Rome-Berlin corn- and would learn how much Britain needs French support Ship Down At Odessa ODESSA, Feb. Five passengers and ft crew of three of the eastbound American air- liner escaped uninjured here this afternoon when a broken propel- lor lurvtd Pilot Charles Goldtrait to land on the soft sod of Odessa airport. Baby Dits Here Bernlcce Laverne year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Alvin Crawford, 1033 Oak, died last night about 11 o'clock at Ihe Hendrlck Memorial hosplial. Ma- ternal grandfather Is W. J. Kcd- dell. Funeral arrangements were In charge of Laughter's Funeral home. Brady Pioneer Dies BRADY. Feb. services were held here today for W. F. Roberts, 72. who died yester- day. A native of Mississippi. Roberts came to McCulIoch county in 1684 and operated a store and farmer >t Lohn for 30 years before moving o Brady. Change Hearing Date Feb. Judge W. L.'Thornton today grant- ed a Texas railroad commission re- quest that a hearing on a perman- ent Injunction preventing the com- mission from fixing gas rates in home rule and incorporated cities be set March 7 Instead of March Commons Votes Today On Crisis Prime Minister Apparently The Victor In Dispute LONDON, Feb. Prime Minister Neville Cham, berlain told parliament in pol. ite but biting words today he had scrapped Anthony Eden Eden and all he stood, for ai foreign secretary for an im- mediate settlement with fascist Italy and nari Germany. 'WAR BOUND" He explained Eden's course would led to war. In diplomatic phrases that did not hide the bitterness of their break Eden and Chamberlain took their quarrel to the house of commons. Chamberlain apparently won, although the formal vote will not come until tomorrow. But Eden, out as foreign secre- tary, was fighting bitterly to sway parliament against any deals with dictators under force at threats. Chamberlain, In power and act- Ing as his own foreign minister, was striving equally dramatically, to hold Britain to peace at any price course of conciliating Italy and Germany. Eden's resignation, pulling long-bottled up quarrel before a shocked British public, apparently has failed In its purpose of chang- ing the course of empire; GiyxK. SUPPORT the'-ilominant: consemi'ive" m'ki Jority in parliament rushed to Chamberlain's support on the pol- icy of bringing Europe's great and Prance terms .with Europe's great and Germany. Britain, Chamberlain told the jeering and cheering house, would start negotiations with Italy "im- mediately" and in Rome. "For cried the labor benches. Had Italy's desire to start nego- tiations "at once" been rebuffed, the lanky prime minister declaim- ed in his precise fashion, anti- British feeling In Italy waild have risen until "ultimately Tyr between us might become inevit- able." FLAYS DICTATORS Eden, Britain's youngest foreien secretary in 81 years ana In al- most certain position for the prime ministry, staked his politi- cal future on a dramatic plea to commons not to pire in to "con- stant pressure" and "now or never threats" from Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler and Italian Premier Bsnilo Mussolini. Eden spoke first to the crowd- ed, boisterous commons and gal- leries, and his voice broke when he declared a settlement of the Span- ish civil war was more important than R settlement with Italv whose legions are fighting on the side of the insurgents. Eden was given a two-mlnuts ovation as he sank, exhausted, into his seat. Abilene Pioneer Is Buried At Tulsa George S. Berry, 11, son of Col. J. T. Berry, an Abilene founder, brother of Alice Berry, Abilene and an uncle of Mrs. Elmer Long, Abi- lene, died Sunday in his home in Tulsa: Mr. Berry was a banker at Mer- kfl for several years. Born In Ken- tucky, he came with his father to Abilene and as a boy watched the beginning of the town. Funeral was held Monday after- 200 JUDGES GIVE Magistrate Asks Audience To Vote On Sentence For Pair Admitting Theft ROBY, Feb. hundred Judges acted on a case on iwth district couri here today, Charles and Ve'mon slack had entered pleas of guilty to compan- ion charges of theft. Judge W. R. Chapman stepped down from his bench, walked out oefore the crowd of 200 persons in the courtroom, and suggested thai they vote on whether or not their sentences should be suspended. Men. women, d asked to rise to their feet if they favored suspen- sion of the sentences, or remain seated it they opposed. The crotrd voted unanimously to suspend the sentences. Judge chap- man returned to his bench, made It official by assessing two years suspended sentences. District Attorney Oils Miller rep- resented the slate in these cases and four others In which pleas of guilty were entered. John Henry Moore, negro, received a two-year sentence and Milton Moore, negro, was given a five-year suspended sentence on of guilty to bur- glary. Raymond Allen, pleading guilty lo jsault to murder, was giv- en a five-year suspended prison term. Leonard Adams, entering pleas In three cases of forgery, was given two years' Imprisonment in each cue, to he served concurrent- ly.