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Abilene Morning Reporter News Newspaper Archive: March 7, 1945 - Page 1

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   Abilene Morning Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 7, 1945, Abilene, Texas                                 SUPPORT YOUR JRED CROSS  • • • •  Taylor County Quota... $69,000.00 Contribution to Date____ 10,362.81  Mm Reporter  “WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES.” - Byron  MORNING  VOL. LXIV, NO. 256 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER  ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 7, 1945-TWELVE PAGES  Associated. Press (AP)  United Press (UP) PRICE FIVE CENTS  Cologne Falls; 3d Races Toward Rhine  Finest Livestock  ‘Boys Receive •Good Returns  f From Animals  Their pockets jingling with prize money and returns from sales of prize animals, more than 200 4-H club and FFA ®bc»ys headed for home and other livestock shows last night after giving Abilene one of the finest shows in history.  Leo Green, 16-year-old exhibitor of the grand champion steer, left fhnth the most change, approximately $545. His steer sold to the Wooten hotel for 50 cents per pound. In addition he won $70 In prize money.  Tiie Windsor hotel paid 40 cents ^per pound for the reserve champion calf, exhibited by Duwayne Edington, Coleman 4-H club boy.  A new record price for lamb«  In Abilene was established when ^ Jim Ilooks, Gordon McCann and Lewis Ackers bought the jrrand champion at $1.25 per pound for the Gordon McCann Wool A Mohair company. The lamb, a Southdown, was shown by * Andy Merle Beasley Trent FFA.  .The Farm Equipment company paid $1 per pound for the reserve champion Taylor county lamb, shown by Jackie Richards, Caps 4-H. E. L. Thornton bought in the reserve champion lamb of the district show, exhibited by Bobby Joe Phillips, Divide FFA. at *75 cents per pound. Texas Mill A; Elevator company paid 65 cents per pound for the first prir,e Hampshire lamb of J. R. Dye. Merkel FFA. C. M. Caldwell of Abilene gave 50 cents per "pound for the firs*, prize crosbred lamb of Glennon Jamison, Dowell 4-H  Abilene Livestock Commission j  company paid 55 cents per pound  :  for the grand champion barrow.  ¿shown bv Wavne Plowman. Wvlie FFA.    |  The reserve champion swine, j shown by Billie Jess Tarrant. Cal- ' lahan county 4-H. went to the Tay- 1 lor Countv Livestock Auction com- I pany for 50 cents per pound, f Mrs. G O Creswell of Abilene bought for the Dorothea C. Griffin ranch at Lawn the champion Tav-lor countv calf, shown bv Bobby Ray Wilkinson, Ovalo 4-H. at 28 cents ver pound and then donated the calf to the American Red Crass wnnd the calf then sold five times for a total of $955. the donors be-ins: John Windham, Abilene and Callahan countv ranchman: Caldwell. Abilene Livestock Commission comoany. Weaver Pittman of Swift Co.. and Dan Lackey.  LEO GREEN, 16-vear-old Coleman FFA boy. is pictured at the halter of the grand champion steer of the West Texas Boys Livestock show that sold at auction yesterday to the Wooten hotel for 50 cents per pound. E. W. Scott. Coieman vocational agricultural teacher who supervised feeding of the calf, also is shown. (Staff photo by Harry Holt).  Forty-three calves sold at the sale, held at the Abilene Livestock Commission company, for an average of 22 1-2 cents per pound.  Wilson Packing company, repre  sented by Hugh Williams, was the .    Bumpass  day's heaviest buyer of calves, getting in head at an average of 23 j cents per pound. The company's ; top price was 26 1-2 cents per pound ;  »for r calf offered bv Duwain Jones, j ^Merkel FFA. who had the reserve ; champion of the Taylor county ' show.    !  The West Texas Utilities com- j pany bought five calves and E. L. i Thornton bought four. The rest were j ^wcll distributed among local butch- j ers and markets and a number of ranchmen, all out-of-town except '  C. M. Caldwell.  Morris Edwards, Eula ranchman,  "made" the sheep sale, buying more than 100 head at 15 1-4 to 15 3-4 ^•cnt.s per pound. Edwards was n bidder on practically every lamb that entered the ring. A few went to the City Packing company. Nearly 150 lambs were sold.  The swine sold from $14.60 to ^«lfi 10 per cwt. and about 30 head  v sold. going mostly to local butihers.  While the sale and show w:.s considered one of the most successful held here, the turnout of Abilene business men to support the sale was disappointing.  A RECORD LAMB PRICE of $1.25 per pound for the West Texas Bovs Livestock show was established yesterday when™ Ta? a“^ Jim Hooks, Gordon McCann and Lewis Ackers bid in the grand champion for the Gordon McCann Wool & Mohair company. The lamb, a Southdown, is shown above with exhibitor, Andy Merle Beasley, Trent FFA boy. (Photo bv  JOINT ALLIED PACIFIC SEA ACTION MUST WAIT  Nazi Chance For Thrust On Reds Gone  LONDON, March 6.—(AP) The White Russian army in a 25-mile alvance that captured more than 500 German towns in a single day reached the northeastern mouth of the Oder river''today and destroyed the reeling Nazis’ last chance for an effective flanking thrust against the central Soviet salient aimed at Berlin.  Premier Stalin announced the tremendous northward drive through Pomerania in an order of the day, disclosing the capture of Cammin on the Oder delta outlet stream of Drievenow, 37 miles north of Stettin; Treptow. 21 miles northeast of Kammin; and in the same region the big German strongpoints of Greifenberg, Guelzow and Plathe  The Soviet communique announced that the same army shoved westward within 15 miles of Stettin, Berlin’s Oder river gateway to the Baltic, and the Germans themselves said Stettin’s suburbs were under R,ed army artillery fire.  The second White Russian army, operating northeast of the first White Russian group, toppled the holdout fortress of Grudziadz, 25 miles behind the lines and 55 miles south of Danzig, capturing more than 5.000 of the garrison along with the commanding general. This feat also was honored by a Stalin order of the day.  It cleared the way for a drive on Danzig itself, and the communique disclosed that this already was in progress, the second White Russian army reaching within 30 miles of that once-free city with the capture of Alt-Kischau.  Midwest Braces Against Flood  CINCINNATI, March «-<.*• — Swollen by two to nearly four inches of rain along much of its length, the war-vitai Ohio river neared a 70-foot stage tonight, while its valley. already recording six deaths in three states, braced against ’he midwest's most disastrous wartime torrent.  War plants closed by the score; transportation facilities foundered; eastern headquarters of the American Red Cross reported probably  5.000    to 6,000 families evacuated and  10.000    homeless in Cincinnati alone.  Relief shelters were set up: the  Army released blankets and other supplies through the fifth service command at Columbus, O. while the list of isolated communities grew by the hour.  The coast guard sent planes, hell-and communication trucks more  than 20 companies of the Ohio state guard were mobilized.  The river rose three-tenths of a foot hourly here, past a 9 p. m. • CWT* stage of 67 8 or 15 8 feet above flood, while at Louisville, Ky.. tiie stream registered more than 14 feet above its 28-foot flood level.  Portsmouth, protected to n 64 foot stage by a sandbagged flood wall, watched the river edge above 61 feet Cincinnati's sunken airport stood 15 feet or more under water  The Ohio had closed one bridge leading from Cincinnati to Newport. Ky.. and threatened three  KEYNOTING RED CROSS DRIVE—Brig. Gen. Roy C. Heflebower, Camp Barkeley’s  commanding general, told of the Army’s need for Red Cross at yesterday's meeting of campaign workers at Hotel Wooten, in the picture, left to right, are W. S. Wagley, General Heflebower, Campaign Chairman Roscoe Blankenship, County Chapter Chairman Wilmer Sims and Ralph Fisher. (Reporter-News staff photo).  Marines Open Final Phase of Iwo Battle  By The Associated Press The furious battle of Iwo Jima flamed anew Tuesday when American Marines slashed into the Japanese lines in the wake of the heaviest artillery bombardment yet used on the tiny island.  The Japanese resisted fiercely and the Leathernecks, after day-long heavy fighting, were held to small local gains on the left flank and in the center of the line.  The guns of American war-  Vancouver Ship Blast Kills Five  ships off Iwo and the bombs of carrier-based planes added to the thunder of the savage ground fighting. The desper-  Weather, Not Nazis, Slows Yank Advance  PARIS, Wednesday, March 7—(AP)—Cologne fell swiftly to the U. S. First Army in the climax of its great eastward drive yesterday as General Eisenhower lifted the news blackout on operations of the American Third Army and revealed that its armor was racing toward the Rhine in a breakthrough that covered 32 miles in two days.  These dramatic developments, coming when the Ninth Army and its British and Canadian Allies had virtually completed occupation of all German territory west of the Ruhr, shifted the big punches to the middle Rhine farther south and opened the way for the Allies to push the enemy out of the area west of the Rhine and north of the Moselle.  The supreme Allied headquarters announcement of the capture of the A total of $10.362.81 poured intoj bomb-blackened Rhineland capital the Red Cross war fund yesterday,  Red Cross Given {10,362 on First Day of Campaign  : rri    1    . fir* —    1 11 ,    nuu n    lull  believed killed and six j luesday morning alter a lull  :  been announced last night  of several days.    j --——  There was every indication that the determined Leathernecks were launched on ttie final phase of the  VANCOUVER, B. C„ March  iJPh- Canadian Press>—Five sons were  missing tonight after four explosions in the 10,000-fon Freighter Greenhill Park at the ship-crowded docks in downtown Vancouver blasted out thousands of windows in the adjacent area and rocked buildings a mile and a half from the waterfront.  The casualty reports were based on newspaper checks without official confirmation. Because of the confusion no conclusive figures were available hours after the blasts which occurred just about noon,  'Pacific war time.)    ! ——-----------------  An official of the Canada Ship- ! bloody struggle ping company Limited, operators of the vessel, said: “No one was killed that we know of Only four persons are missing and they may not have been on the ship.”  He added he did not know’ when a statement would be issued by the company.  At least 18 injured men were taken to hospitals and scores of others suffered minor injuries from flying glass.  About 100 men were on the Greenhill Park or the dock when the blasts occurred, sending flames several hundred feet into the air and scattering debris for blocks.  Officials of the Canada Shipping company. Limited, said the vessel was being loaded with tinplate, box shooks and general cargo Frank Hibbs. a crewman on the freighter Bowness Park which was docked nearby, said in an interview the Greenhill Park was "carrying gun-  official opening day of the collection. toward the county goal of $69.000, Roscoe Blankenship, general chairman, announced.  This figure includes a portion of the advance gifts, individual contributions and $1,501.71 from Camp Barkeley,  The collection at camp/ announced from headquarters, started March 1. A little over half the money obtained was from enlisted mens pay tables and the remainder from the ASFTC officers’ community fund. ! Included on the 100 per cent list !   ate Japanese used concentrat- 1  ^     H ? 8 !i 5 l  , S,    , ,    ¡and Alta Vista schools and the 1   ed small arms and mortar fire ¡ Texas Unemployment Compensa-ns elements of the Third, tion commission.  Fourth and Fifth Marine divi- i Advance gifts, tinder supervision   per - sions hit their srong positions  1 of MorRan  Jones Jr.. still are com  ing in and a complete total had not  WASHINGTON, March 6— <;?)—The Red Cross said today that the first shipment of clothing and emergency supplies since the liberation of the Philippines has arrived on Luzon.  The supplies were distributed to civilian and military casualties in and near Manila.  to liquidate the Japanese cornered in less than one-third of Iwo's rugged northern ter- changes made before the House put  House Against Nurses' Draft  WASHINGTON. March 6—.-F—A provision having the effect of allowing individual nurses to decide for themselves whether they shall be drafted for military service won approval of the House today.  It was one of several major  The Weather  V  partly  s i»ir\rimKsr or commfrci  HIAIHIK niKKM AHII I NI AND VICINITY: Wr.lnr, wU\, fair and uarmrr. Thursday rlnud' ami \nrmfr.  IMST ti \\s: lair, uarmrr in north-Wf't portion tVrdnrsda>; Thursday parllv rlotidv and uirnur.  WIST TI XAS: f air and warmer W>d-Mfsdav and Thurndav.  TKMPERATI'RFS     Tur*. -    Mon.        Tun, -    51 mi      A A.M.        HOIR    r.M.      M't -    li'!    1 , ,    ..... 57 -    7.1      S') -    IV    ..... '! . .    ..... 57 -    7‘>      ,1H -    lil    _____ ;t .    ..... AH -    HR      3»; -    i>3 . .    ...... t ,.    ..... 57 -    «5      3 li -    lilt . .    ...... ,v ..    ..... Mi -    51»      4'.‘ -    «t    ..... li . .    ..... 52 .    55      4H -    til . .    ...... 7 . . .    ..... All -    5.1      44 •    <;i ..    ...... 8. . .    ..... 45 -    4H      £ 4t -  » ft» -    (!•; .,    .....it ..    ..... 43 -    44      ii7    .....Ml . ,    ........    4'*      .Vi -  Ali -    ■J J    ......II...  1 *»    ..... — -    :m      Hir.li m.- an    and and tl    ciw temprraturr» to  i.    ÍI p      High  and    » nd  :ts.    iiw s.mir    <latr la>t    year     .Siintri Invi night: 7:111.  . Sttnrltr thU m«ruin|; 1,59. iQ Suniet lonifbt; 1.U  By The Associated Pres  Immediate joint offensive operations by the American and British Pacific fleets are not practicable, no matter how anxious their commanders may be to strike Japan together.  And their commandcrs, Adms. Chester W. Nimitz and Sir Bruce Fraser, reached an amicable agreement on joint operations at a Pearl Harbor conference a few weeks ago.  It isn’t as simple as that, however, to send the two fleets steaming at high speed to strike the Japanese homeland. So the British, and particularly the Australians, impatient that their warships have not shared the glory of raids on Tokyo. Yokohama, the Ryukyu islands and Formosa, will have to wait weeks, perhaps months, before Nimitz is able to report, that Allied rather than American forces blasted Japan’s inner defenses from the sea.  There is this basic difference between the two fleets; American warships are constructed for highspeed offensive action; the British for defensive action at considerably slower speeds  The mushrooming U. S. Pacific fleet was designed for fast, smashing attacks against any obcctive over the vast Pacific ocean, whose waters envelop 40 percent of the world's surface. Most U. S. warships in the Pacific are capable of making 30 knot.s; many travel even faster.  The British fleet was constructed primarily for closc-range defense of the British isles — engagements like the battle of Jutland in the last World War in which heavily armed and heavily armored — but slow — ships fought it out with their own gum. Many British warships reach  their maximum efficiency at 12 to 15 knots.  Nimitz's 3rd or 5th Pacific fleet alone are capable now — or very soon will be — of striking any objective with 2,000 carrier planes. The entire British fleet, dispersed around the world, probably could not put a fraction that many warplanes into the air.  Training and thinking of admirals in command of the Pacific fleets is basically in sharp contrast. Commanders such as Adm. William F Halsey of the U. S. 3rd fleet and Vice Adm. Marc A. Mitscher of famous Carrier Task Force 58 have spent, years studying theoretical operations which would take their forces at high speed far from their home bases.  British commanders, in contrast, have devoted their strategic studies to short range warfare at 10 to 15 knot speed.  Allies Seize Vital Heights in Italy  ROME, March fi - - P> Driving up to a half mile northward through the Apennines on both sides oi the Pistoia-Bologna highway, U. s. Fifth Army troops have seized' two important hills and occupied the hamlet of Bisopra. 13 miles southwest of Bologna, Allied headquarters .said today.  The two heights, designated Hill 375 and Hill 37-1. rise 1.250 feet and with tlfe hamlet make up a line dominating the area between the vital Pistoia-Bologna highway and the alternative Florence-Bologna road.  YOUR ATTENTION  other spans.  The record level for the Ohio was powder, rockets and shells x x \ 79.99 feet, reached in 1937. when an estimated S400,000 800 in property was last to the flood. The previous ’peak was in 1913. when waters readied 72 feet at Cincinnati  Tributary streams feeding both the Ohio and Mississippi rivers were swollen out of banks and a number of "inland” river« and creeks brought flooded streets and basements to cities far from the major flooding streams.  Allied Prisoners Freed From Stockade  WITH THE U. S. SEVENTH ARMY. March 6—..-More than 1 200 Allied prisoners of war were liberated from a sUx'kade in the village of Stinng-Wendel in France on the German border when uoi'’..« o! the American 70th division completed clearing Forbach ve.»terda\ Russian, French. Poles and Czechs were among those freed tv, the 247th regiment during the process of occupying the Forbach area two to three miles .southwest of Saar-brucckcn. Another 200 or more Russian forced laborers were freed bv the 276th regiment while mopping up Forbach.  Important and interest! n g stories in this edition inrlude:  Page 2—Churchill visits front; General Simpson keeps him out of Duesseldorf.  Page 2—1 .abor cutback program annonuced.  Page 2 — Rotary Institute speaker Wednesday.  Page 3 — Communist rioter slain in Rome.  Page 3—Senate confirms Fred Vinson.  Page 3—City to build offices for Essair.  Page 3—State Supreme court change bill progress in legislature.  Page 5—Argentina to be urg-»d to join I’nited Nations in war.  Page 5—General Heflebower Red Cross drive kick-off speaker.  Page 9—Boys livestock show winners.  New Type Tank  DETROIT, March fi-uP--Chrysler corpornuon officials today confirmed report* that the concern is manufacturing a new type tank — oilicially known as T-26—and described by undersecretary of war Robert P. Patterson as "the answer to the German Tiger tank. ’  rain.  Radio Tokyo termed the Marine attack "violent’ 'and said "the fighting has reached a decisive stage."  U. S. Army fighter plar.es were using Iwo's southern, airfield.  Fleet Adm Chester W. Nimitz. in his communique late Tuesday, disclosed that Japanese dead counted .on Iwo up to 6:00 p. m, March 5,  • Japanese time> totaled 14.456. Striking to the north of Iwo, in . the Bonin islands. Arir.v bombers smashed the airfield on Chichi .lima Tokyo had more B-29 troubles. The Japanese radio said seven American Superfortresses staged night raids against scattered targets on the main island of Honshu, One of the griant bombers was over Tokyo just after nightfall.  : Military and civilian engineers, j I after looking over the rums of Ma- i | nila — ruins created mostly bv wan- |  | ton Japanese sabotage — estimated j | that from 10 to 15 years wi'.! be re-i quired to rebuild the "Pear 1 , of the I Orient." Their lass estimates ran  :  | from $750.000.000 to more than a j j billion dollars.    !  j One building engineer said 2.000 j I square blocks of the metropolis were ; | totally destroyed, :n add men to j | bridges worth about $20.000.000, the waterfront area anti the power and ! street railway systems j An Associated Press dlspa’ch from ¡Chungking said it was believed th;u three major American mrbases in ¡China's Kianksi Province, aban-| doned as Japanese forces neared, j might soon be recaptured j Chinese field dispatches re-I ported that Suiehwan. former ! airbase city, has been praitical-! Iv surrounded by Chinese troops.  | Independent reports suggested | the Japanese, having knocked  1  out the bases, were retiring from j the lone.  j American fliers based in China j wrecked a half dozen railroad bridges and damaged another in ' French Indo-China. Thev also hit the Japanese airdrome southeast of Hanoi, destroying 10 planes.   1  Bombers of Gen. IVugl.is Mac-i Arthur's command sank a 6-000-ton ' freighter-transport off Formosa and leit a destroyer escort m flames during extensive sweeps of China sea shipping.  Naval patrol torpedo boats sank a coastal ship loaded with "escaping" troops off the west coast of Luzon  Mac Arthur reported only limited  off until tomorrow a final decision on nurses-draft legislation to meet what the armed services have said is an urgent need for 18.000 more nurses.  Approved by a teller vote of 135 to 98 and subject to a roll-call vote tomorrow, the provision requires that drafted nurses must be inducted as commissioned officers.  But the constitution prohibits compelling anyone to accept a federal office and the courts have held a service commission is a federal office. Therefore military commr-tee members, in fichting the amendment. told the House its effect would be to permit anv nurse to reject a preferred commission and thereby not be drafted. War department lawyers agreed with this interpretation.  Chairman May <D-Kyi contended the amendment, offered bv Representative Harness <R-ND>, would nullify the compulsory features of the legislation and render it ineffective  The House struck from the bill a section requiring the induction of cadet nurse corps graduates before non-cadets are drafted and wrote in a piohibition against discrimination because of race, color or creed.  $60,000 Additional Funds for Schools Under New Bills  at  n:  Jews Hold Service In Goebbels' Home  WITH THE U S. 29TH DIVISION IN GERMANY, March ti —V - Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels’ castle near Rheydt was used for Jewish church services today by Chaplain Manuel M. Poliskoff oi Baltimore, Md.  The banquet hall where the >er- ' activity on Luzon, saving his forces vice was held still had a picture of ¡were "regrouping for the final phases Hitler in the background,    ‘ of the Luzon campaign,"  iitional $60,000 in school i’avlor county will be av a:!-wo bills, co-authored bv Humphrey of Abilene and .sideration by the Senate  1  passed, Tom McGeb.ee, uperintendent of schools .esterdav, bill-, approved by 'lie Representatives March 5. t'f> property tax for school i' the constitutional maxi-;.i cents per $100 valuation >ermu lull distribution each year eii a ¡vr capita basis of all revenue collected under the tax.  Humphrey has estimated that the legislation would increase the per capita scholastic apportionment to about $31 a vear.  McGeht e said apportionment last year was sc' at $25 per capita a year, and the new apportionment would mean an increase of $6 for each of the 10,000 pupils m the county last year.  An  fu ratable :  Rep ! under now, county > estnna'ee The tvv House of fix the s\t purposes a mum o! ; and wouu  WITH THE U. S. 90TH DIVISION IN GERMANY, March 6 —— Prisoners captured by the 90th infantry today said they believed an Allied crossing of the Rhine would not signal the end of the European war and that the German army would be defeated only when it was strangled to death.  The prisoners, both Nazis and non-party members, admitted their cause was doomed, however.  said that only sporadic fighting continued last night in Cologne’* southern outskirts.  (A broadcast from London recorded by the National Broadcasting company quoted BBC Correspondent, Frank Gillard as reporting th« Hohenzollern bridge at Cologne was still standing yesterday and open to foot traffic.)  Thus, Germany’s fourth largest city and the greatest enemy industrial center that has so far capitulated was in Allied hands on the twelfth day of the powerful offensive from the Roer river.  Last night its beaten Nazi garrison was being driven southward toward Bonn through a narrowing corridor along the Rhine's west bank.  Since the start of the slashing attack from east of captured Bitburg at dawn yesterday, Patton's armored forces had captured more than 1,500 Germans, including a corps commander, and had reached a point only 20 miles from the Rhine.  A field dispatch declared that "for the rampant Americans it was a surge which outdid anything witnessed m France.” Weather, not the Germans, was said to be impeding the advance. A news blackout still prevented disclosure of the exact whereabouts of American spearheads.  The German garrison of Cologne put up surprisingly weak resistance as the U. S. Third armored division and 104th infantry smashed through to the Rhine near the cathedral, at the western end of the Kohen-zollern bridge.  "The fighting," said Associated Press Front Reporter Don Whitehead, "was not the last-stand, do-or-die defense that had been expected. Cologne is no Aachen manned by a garrison prepared to fighl house tl house and street to street."  There was no escape for the surviving Nazis across any of the five bridges across the Rhine at Cologne. All had been destroyed by Allied bombings. Bonn, toward which the remnants were retreating, is some 13 miles up the winding river from  ;  Cologne.  ' North of the stricken city Amer- 1  lean forces cleared the Rhine all the wav to Neuss, opposite Duessel-d 'i'f, except for a small pocket near Zons, virtually ending the fighting , m that sector.  Hospital Decision Within Three Weeks  WASHINGTON, March 6 — 'Ti —.  Col. George E ljam.s, assistant veteran administrator in charge of the hospital expansion plan has announced the selection of a site for the proposed West Texas veterans hospital will be made in two or three weeks.  Transportation facilities will be one of the mam factors, Colonel Ijanis said, adding that data obtained recently by a veterans administration official in a field trip to Texas would be carefully studied before any recommendation of a site is made.  The choice for the $1,000,000, 250-bed project is understood to rest among eight West Texas localities; Sweetwater. San Angelo, Big Spring, Lubbock, Midland, Plalnview, Colorado City and La mesa.  a   

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