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Kingsport Times: Thursday, March 21, 1946 - Page 1

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   Kingsport Times (Newspaper) - March 21, 1946, Kingsport, Tennessee                             times-News Circulation Last Sunday PttkJT Sunday Year Vol. XXXt, No. 58 Term., Thursday, March 21, 1-9-46 16 Pages Rve Cents JVEATHER FORECAST Fair and slfffhtty warmer mJ Friiday. Temperatures: High tow night 58; noon 63. SS; Behind Soviet Iranian Curtain talltmlnz the first ot onueuftt (RspntclWA rtenlltwr with, tie men to bttolzMt "Iron curtMn." The articles, wrltun lor tun MBA ths XU'SSport Tlmts by JonchiQi Joesten-, forelita eiyn-Mpondcnt, will jt-ppetir in. paptr over the next Through, this strlesi. pit urtlrjos, at ihc Timwi will be unrodueed' to the men H'-ho ivro IwlplBR .JMCiA StuHn mivko In the world today. Many you hnvc nwor ot rxuwimy. diwpitr ttvct thnt thMr ncWoni InJuieocB tlw entlro woflil Is Iti dcsptruW to find a. pesco.) fty Jktrxtrn New todtky Is an empire- in the making. Not In the of tho old. Cza-rat Empire, which recognized not mationali-ttes otbar than the Russian, but rattier in- a miitttrtatioftal association of mere, or Its.i Independent states, reminiscent Of the- British Commc-nweaUh, There is a palpable tendency in Moscow to imitate the British setup. The most striking step yet taken by tbe Kremlin in this direction was the constitutional amendment of Feb. 1, which authorized tne 15 constituent republics of the So- viet Union to "enter into direct relations with foreign- states, to conclude agreements with- them and exchange diplomatic and con- representatives with Ehcm." This previously was re- served to the central Roverament. Thus, the first Soviet "domin- ions" were horn.: White Russia and the Ukraine. Both are members in their own right of the Na- tions Orcaoizauon. where the Ittt- tcr, in particular, already has prlaycd- a conspicuous role. Neither of thexc two enjoys a-n s Independence comparable to that of Canada or any other British Dominion. Empires like the Brit- ish Commonwealth grow orsask cally. They are not created by a stroke of the- pen. Hence tho difference between, the new Soviet setup and that of Great Britain is as- wi-de as Rusr sin's concept of democracy ia- apart from ours. The political trend. In thtt So- viet Union, however. Is toward a loosely orcanizod than In the. past. This is a. cSevel- more- Operators Delve Into 9 Demands Washington. zeal orators dalved Into John Louis' -contract lioday and a, fcwr the first HUM in. cttrsent wags rwsgotia- A repveae-fttathnj of operators br-o light of tidwia new said session had Bwierstaiidittg" damsrttl lot a bcatth- and for miners, a, point he stressed in speeches and con-feieuiCes with the operators since Msrcft. 12. The United, Kline Workers' lead- er has- threatened a strike April of bittunirrsns sntnoi's if a Red Envoy Protests Quick Action On Iranian Fuss err. an agreement on extension of present pact is not by' March 31. Discuss. Alt One operator saiii that i-n con- trast to- sessions on Tuesday and Wednesday, there was- alT of Lcwia- deaiands. -ior to that, the conversations h-ad Ibeen- devoted to. creation tha Ihcaltb and wel'fara Jund: and1 1m- miJae- safety. In. pressing: for a similar fund last tewis praposcd its estatrfish- throusfh a lOcent royalty, on each ton of JJe not made publicly; daring; ettrrent just how h-e tu- raise necessary- alty demand operators say tftey aoamJorwcl! roy- but tha soasfder Eisenhower Asks Draft Be Extended Eiserthctwer astesj to extend tha draft law indefinitely and to. limit service llabiti.ty of in- of outstanding importance from an international point of view. It has greatly enhanced at- traction of tbe Soviet for its nrtgh- bo-rs. In Soviet Orhit Countries that for many years were obsessed- with fear of beins "gobbled up" by Russia now gravi- tate, with apparent unconcern, to the Sowiet orbit. Czechoslovakia, for exa-rapte feels Stalin at eiutc- dealing with the Ukraine iia Immediate iteiRhbor than with Moscow di- rectly. Poland would1 rather settle a point at issue with tha- gorern- of White than with, the The setup may be illusory, but it proven effective. Sines thfi defeat oC Germany which' watte further westward expansion Moscow worked per- sistently, with conaideraWe sue- fSee 11) U. S. Farms To Produce Less, Rationing n-ation's farms, appeared likely today to- turn, out less rneBts, milfc poultry products for the 15- months or so. But the reduction, apparently will n-ot sejlaiua- tnotifib; tio fosce return to. nitionlnR, An: ARTicultmre Dcpartuwnt survey on furmers' 134? planting ta-tentlwa that llvoatock feed: strain already far short of ra- i may continue other teed sup-plies Jarmcrg. to cur.taiT forcing production of Mass Meeting On Reserve Battalion Friday Preliminary plans for a Navy Reserve Eottalion for Kinpsport will be made at a mass meeting to be helc? Friday at 8 p.m. at tbo Lepiqn Home. All reserve officers and men, ex-Xavy men and young men of the area, as u'eil as forfner WAVES, have been urged to attend the meeting. Captain Arthur A. Ageton, di- rector of Naval1 Reserve and former cominander of tbe famous LST Flotilla Throe in ths Pacific, will be present at the rnectiJJg to- at mnnds lor a year after this aro harvested. Meat The present shortage of eorti- and meat animals, poultry and dairy products. Washington JP President Truman today expressed- this hope tftst H; return to wartimfl food rationing- would not be- Sat he said wou'lS not object te- s return shou-ld it become ab- solutely essential. On. tha other hand, tfee su-pply of braacf grains, also fat below mands of dorrtestie consumers and oE areas-, abroad; likely to be restored by sm- other bumper wErest crop. Should this crop turn out as Sa- year's proposal- as- it d'omand- for the- same thing. Levtfis has not used.! the requisite Ptttterson said, tlie term "rejtalty" in canrrection I "the nitUtftry position al this coun- with- his prasent demand but his Sicrtotary- TrKtsuser TSiomas Kennedy, let tha- word slip out In a speech? scfo-ru the It open- sessions. some fcojazifflj, even- tho tiorr. A3 an aJtamativo to- a royalty, ductees to 18 months. H that is done, the chief of staff! told the House UMitaify Commit- 1 tec, the AitDf can release- all tach- by the end or August or early tons; they have been in service. If it is not done, h4 wn-rwad, the Arnay may Calf short by ot tts egtimuted needed strength of on July 1, 1947 Both and! Secretary of War P.obort P.. Patterson argued p-roptTsrtls for a Act, which expires on May IS of yoar. "Shoiil'd" the- Selective: Service Act not Be continued and shou-UJ our sustain a vul'ujitcerarmyof thc.rcfo-r-9 O-UT ability to recruiting try, and preserve tho- pence- wa have woo, would beeo-tiie. "This country earmot afford! to take chances- on manpower for tha fie added-. Patterson told tfre co-ramittse thai extension of the draft shoaltr be coupled with a 20 cent in pay awd, Dubin-f Internatio-nal' patterned after sky's Junet for the Garment Woriters Unio-m. vmgit gtopoaal made- by tewiis was merely for iacressett pay for walking taursi Up to now fc that lesis- he Idas- scarcely mentinnsd. this d'e- mand, but it and tbe vniciniza-tion of supervisory are expeetsd: to tough as- eorttract discussions- always been ivfeen figured to past negotiations. GM Prepares To Detroit General Motors- Carp, today prepared, to. call extertdittg tha stesJt these restrictions; A pioM-hltkm. against service fair more than. rnontha; a req-ttireirienr. that no j more: men bft inducted are- nac- to meet -ustiro-atas- ef-stmrngth requirad by Jujy 1, and; a stipulation that discharge- air fathers In service and; d'e- cltne to fndttet any ra the "future. He totd tits- commtktea that StrengtH is raeeessa-ry to support Urn of AI1U.T JH tbe United Nations Organization and said the smaller nations, are laoK- ng to tha- larger ones Eo> supply that While Eisenhower saW tfifl- short- in nrainpowor requ-irenjenta of Truman Says Meet Will Not Be Delayed Waskingtm Screiet A. Gro- myko- said today stny Jiasty action by the United Nations Security Cowaril oa the Iranian? dispute woiild merely complieatc it. Bis" comment was made shortly after a flat statemeat by Presidejit Truman TOxt Moodajr's UNO Haeefetg wilt not fee postponed. Mr. Truuism to-Jii ttt9 news coafer- enco today that the United States delegation wiU ptrens for axtion in the espl-astva cootroveray Moscow's for 16-dsy Today's tbs day, vernal narmaH Jfie country thoogfi; snow sDtings-arrJved at ISrSsW fewt nlgM, tot Mantww, Wyowlog, Idaho awl Nevada. _.. of wcathermaa waa not pariucutoriy Boston 42; New Tcwk 38, Cfri- As far back as be Temveaibts, saidv has been 1 _ Jortittg when stm's cawter the spcaktesr, adAd, througlttaot UM Bow 12 moursi Witfe thu anjH-tftMJ-cement at spring: ocrt of 'the- way, tbe weatherman- said 6i. St. 39, Wasttingtoo Atlanta 46, Jten-pfris 47, New Orleans' 51, Miami 3-1, Kansas City 4% Minneapolis Denver 49, Salt Lake CStfy Franeiscot 48 and Kir-xsport 63; weatltenaon said absolutely wotting about tfre birds and ftees, younf fjujcioa. Eat ft w-outa a jftroti- clay few A. R. Brashear To Hea I Merchants Association Chinese Agreement -A. R. BmstieaF, Jfr., of luc.i Wednesday a conference with city ;edict for darher ftour armory. JKraitt shiptMnts to hungry Plans are at present to have the] abroad. I f a I.IYVTV in. I battalion- activited and ia operation] by th-e first of June. It will be com., posed a Ready Reserve division, up of 200 men and 13 officers. ftnd ft Standby Reserve, unlimited In number, accordrnsr to ivn nouncement. The Ready Division will be' trained to a pain-: where It cart bff mobilized for active duty witnin 10 clays. Personnel of the Ready Division Kill devote ono evening a waslt to training In specialised: Navy courses, for which they will receive Dnc diiy's: pay from tlvc- Na-vy. Tontativo plans call for a Navy (U'mory fully equipped with facilities. A Diesel engine of the same type used hi a destroyer or ttcsiroyer escort, the latest Naval fire fightinR equipment, radio eciuipmeji-t arid a machine shop arc sch-eduied to be- included in the Rrmory facilities, accordlns to announcement, Thero will Xavy. Paee 16) Soviet Request Closed Stations Washington The Navy has ret it be known "Baofficiajly" that a Russian request closed two United States weather stations set up in Siberia under an agreement reached. at Potsdam. Capt. Arthur Cirrnberledse. who commanded one of the stations, and Capt. Samuel Frankcl, former na- vat attache at Slumiansk, told the story in a statement and news con- ference in the Navy Department press roomx However, the Navy public rela- tion? section said later the two Tho-y wero af such a< "fo-rm-idafelc character" that he went to the White House. Mr. Roosevelt was stilt abed but received his Secretary of War and they discussed' the matter. The Stimson story "He suggested that were .three alternatives, as. my notes spoke for themselves and the First, to- de- nothing; sec- The planting survey released yes- terday hied one particular dark spot. It indicated' that the country may continue to be short of food fats and oils, for possibly another year, prospective acreages of soy beans a-nd flax seed, principal sources of vesretabla oils, are considerably short of' {tovernmeRt goals; Given favorable weather during (See- tfte Army waujd J-S5.000J by 1. 1947, Fntteraart estirnatatf tho at men- If tlje- draft law not extended-. The seere-taj-y sfiicf present Army tenijvea and. construction' strength with a bask fata its. plan-ts-, fop 1-2-1 daysi as union leaders- now gathering m- Atlantic City, N. J., predicted a speedy ot local- delzying a grener.aJ1 return- to- work. Walter P. KeuUier, viea gresidefflt of the CIO- United: Auto, Workers who ar-rijred.' thera late yesterday fur-an executive board meeting that will the million's eoavren- tron opcnitts Saturday, said' be- local iasues cojaW 6e settled; wiShirt a company was infomaed by union that a nsstioMit agreement had1 been ratified of- ficially, but ammonced lit would; not of milHoA- ex- pected batwean now next June-. He saidi the War Department in- tends to- continue a vigorous re- cruitment program-, and alreadj' there have been enlistments, CSee Draftr Figt IS) Truniasi Muni On man- saicT today that tse make reopen its plants, until' recei-ving electsjn m 1948, mo announcement on Saturday; night that he will'te a candidate for re- executive is scheduled; word' feoas, tTAW that! afl locals, representing 'pro- ta' sPeak tbm' t0' a Jsekson, Day 't ___ A? __ ____ ____ ______ _____ ___ nv turn. workers, were ready to- General Mo-tors agreed yesterday to employes "wfeere it is agreeaBto to uraiora shop in c-rdsr gret the long-idle ptento ready for prnduction. Sueh action already hns bean tahea in1 SagiiMnv, Pten- tiac, nnd Flint. Mich. Accardi'Bg to wnion- figures, 51 have ratified the nation-af agpettment last week call- ing; for an. 18M.' wage tnereaae. Of these.. 30 are prepared to- return. j to wo-rfc imatediatcly, srof the otter 21 voted to stay out imtil local is- are cleared op; dinner sponsored by the Democratic National He told a r.ews eonferenxje it would be a political spaeeb. But he replied5 m tht negs- tiive and with a chuefete an whether tee- would- at the time Eiis cantfidacy for reelection. figured in. tlta news co-n- president of tha Khwsport W. B. Greene, has bcTd ttie office during Sfeff past The group- elected1 K. F. Looocy, Mr. Biasboar. V. B. Fteals secre- tary, an-d P. L. BosiHger was ns-eliectcd tntasureir. Mr. Braahcffir toak OTCT th-e duties1" of his ofCice at the ttteeti-rtg, an-ii ealled for a Board of Diracto-r-S on Apfit that time, committee mewb'-erafclp- v for the coraurg year wiE b, as- w R Haffiaeh( R. M. Bwrklwoed, nlnr-n.M J m1' nn rMI.Kt.IIR sipned and mada public. Mokes In accep-ting presfdency, -Mr. WftE  today that fiave agreed for the firsi tinw to NatiOiraJ troops to e, o ts caipei m espanding tlwfc central- of that French purchase at and reDorted these ad- wbeait amd: oaitey from Russia would relieve grain, shortages elsewhere in .the world. and ditional' da vrlopments forces are Be d-erfared that had- noti- l-taslwarff and north-ward Muk- fled the fawS 'of ttoc. tra-Hsaetiori, with a retj.nrest Cc-r a TOtraspandSn-s m fee- bwardi'9- at- locatioji to tbe for- first half ofltiis. year. si't represen-ta-twea of Cftn- axtn, the United States and. ailtoeate's atrpp-Kes la thEs eetintry Cteiada. 'War Cabinet' Discussed, Rejected Surprise Attack Upon Jap Forces Nine Days Before PH, Stimson Reveals T.'Peaeock tary of War Henry L.. Stimsori has. discl-oseii that President war cabinet" discussed, and iectcd days beforsr Pearl Har- an Arosrican attack on- Japanese forces "without Stimson rccaunted. thia in a state- ment sent to- the Senate-House com- mittee investigating Japaa's sur- prise blow on. T, 1941.. The eom- mittaa raaito it puhlac today. Stimaon related that OD tfce morn- 3g Nov. 1941, he re- ceived, information of Japatvese movements akmj? the Asiatic coast. Justf-fisd' sn attaefc1 without fu-rtbet particstakrly as their aew south-ward mdiieated' tfifcy were about to -violaite that count was noc official. CurnberJcdge and Frankel said yesterday the stations were estab- lished at Khabarovsk and petro- pavlovsk v.-ith H- total staff of ond, to make something in the na- ture of art ultimatum, stating- a point beyond which: we wxMild fight; or, third, to fight at enee. "I said that I fait that to do no-th- HncI men. They vcro clis- was out1 of the question- and the thrco motitlis later. December. Krankel related. I President asrcetl with inc. As to. I tile other two alternatives, Uie thing to do from the .point ot view of own tactics safety was bo take tbe taitistive and: .attack without further waining. It is- axiomatic that tha beat defense ,1s oflense-. It iaajlways dangerous wait and enemy mate first raoVE. "I inclined to feel that the warning given te August by the- .President against moves by 12 tbc toward Thailand "'Oti other fc-andv I realteed that the sitoatlora couM' be rnaide EnarB elearr cut from the pornt of view pttotie optoiou if a were- given. (During', its bearings, closed- a month ago, the eommittee lesiaed froM State Department recosrda that Mr. warned tfie Jap- anese ambassador in August, 1841, that the United' States would tate steps to defand its if Japan to fttPtbcr aggression to- AsiA.) on thfit snnie ward Al noon son rts members; wens Swietary e-f State- Hull, Secretary tke Navy Stimson said this meeting dis- cussed the possilsfa meaning; ot Japanese possiWy an- attack OB tbe Philippines, on TlSsLtlani East Indiies-, of vrt -woiaM to do if tiie danger kaipperteif." it devetepod, this program- was not JfoUowed. Sttaaon- explained that the President went to Warm- Rangoon. "The- possibility an Ga., for TkaaksKtvinK and between his x x he stud. IStiuison went on to say that all r ths" Japanese expedition ling in Incto-CiJua rather t fete to sifve us a tittle roust not be aHowed to land' in the re3pite-, it isdicated that per- I Gull of "that if tits haps tirey were net going es- tevadie igot into tbo Isthmus ef Kra, at be i Briton, would fiffkt; and, if sWnaoii's 33-page was iEri-tish fo-ught, we wouJA (rave: by adttitiorwli '30' 1 ftght." of manaarssmJa- in Siary form 1 "Wa therefore, tEutt of events during ttifl days- couilei' not just sit still and- do noth- Stately tha wasr's out- lie co-ntin-uiKi "On tha otheEJ break. He tho material, to the :haad, we also decided7 ttia-t we i'w rep-Iy to scries of not attack witha-at a f warn- [.written qjiestioiis submitted to feha.. Japaift, and we discassedi what' of til he was mot {.form the warning should, take. TIws (President soggeatod a special I'gram- from himselt to- Emperor 'oi Japan. After some Stark. it was dcefded tfrat he1 wouM, sead- a letter to the- Emperor; wotrl-d not be public, and that Friday, the chicE of naval operations, iiradiat tlie same time ha deliver Stiirtrson the fo-callecl "war Gon-erai, Goorge C. special message Compress rc- cabiaet" la aeattthai to' Stim- i Army ehief of staff. [jportiujp on the dan-eer and reporting, J called a witness- during tha1 The from fJia diary re- eorded OB T: "When tha- news first came that Japan had attacked us, my first was. of relief Stoat the tn- deciston, was over and- 8h-at a crisis. bad1 in way which, would (See Pfcge. 1S> dcn, toward, tho rn-in fegf erf Fustarn and UTC ratt junction of held by Chinese Cam- 2. Several 25- to 33-rair trains .paclced; with su-pplizs, mostly fomi, aro- leaving; Harbin- daily- for Rus- sian territory. Ma-ji Gen. Andref Kc-vtoU'n SCankevitck, eowi- at tho Soviet garrison, at Mufed'en-, has shifted; his. command 3: Chinese Co-mwl-urttsts have sab- otaged' rail facilitfes beftweora Muk- den- and: Fushun nnd rail traffic also- rcmates sua-pendcc? Jrettveem Muk- den and. Spaak As Belgian Pant-Henri resigned tetfay premier B{ Bel- gium after fai'fiing to- wta a vote of cor.fld-sn-ca yesterday to bsr of Iteputies, Begent Prfrtce Cfcarles itttmo- conferred with the heacfcs uppfrr and tower houses par- liament- paralfminary to- d'esignating a new pre-aaier. Sfreet Scenes Yaunc woToain tutottodfni; wait- and fcy eof Set KbtfM ot. to mix QWIX ieed Heartl-eiv-t he-bus twe discnwiine a third's him for another soHi-er) oomirnj to th6 con- that the incident iKovc.s just aren't enough tftte to with: chatter ot chicks tty t Crornyko talfcetf witit reporter! at the State a liorntedily-aBTanMdl 20-rnin.oSe conr Je-roneo- with iSecreSary Krcpn Tolfc Qttirt The Soviet turned1 test mght from New Torkr desliaed to tell meB. wbait said But he reiterated that P.uasia believes tho Irani cwsw shcHtld be defayed aegotia- tions are lean and1 Prussia. A-aked in what way tions are lakteg place be rerplied wets- oa fihrottgh- dtpIomaWe and that for the Security Cbancll to tiahe any hasty action, now woojdi eoorpBcatet situation. An- to e-fflcials fit- jmlisF -o-itft rueturv of taJ-k witfe com- meut that It had freen a. cowrtesy call. They said Gromyko actually bad- net any of the wfdie critical- pro-bleias in; Saviat-Amertcaa reratigns; .Irr- cludtn-g tlW Iramton- ease. ckuriu, and the possibility -of art Anaerican- loan to Jtesslit Sooia Donbt Tho Soviet aftibaiSsB-iiOr teft TOrow doubt 
                            

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