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Kingsport Times (Newspaper) - March 22, 1943, Kingsport, Tennessee WEATHER FORECAST Continued cold with froerins tempera- ture tonight; risini; temperature Tuesday morning. Sunday's lush, 88; last night's low, 28; Monday noon, 35. .53 Inch precipitation. Vol. XXVIII, No. 69 Kingsport, Tenn., Monday, March 22, 1943 8 Pages Five Cents HOME EDITION s Army n Squeeze Churchill Gives Post-War Views "BABY" JOINS THE eight-months-old Persian cat selected from ft group of volunteers as mascot for a warship at Charleston, S. C., here gets a physical check-up from Lieutenant (jg) H. A. Cassady (right) ns his former owner, Miss Odell Tanton, holds him. Recording the results of the examination is Boatswain's Mate Acey Murphy of Cleveland, Tenn. "Baby" was accorded full honors when ho went on duty, and was piped aboard like an officer. Flood Situation On Ohio Brightens Plans Completed For Tin Can Drive In Kingsport Area Plans for the collection of pre- Talk Called Charter For Future London JP Prime Minister Churchill sketched for the world in a radio broadcast Sunday night his vision of a" post-war order where peace might eventually be kept by a European and an Asiatic Council of Free Nations, but warn- ed the British people of the neces- sity of "keeping their eye on thej ball" to win a struggle which might i go on two years or more before Adolf Hitler is crushed into dust and ashes." The speech, which was devoted chiefly to the problems of creating a peaceful world of tomorrow and, a, comprehensive "four-year for improved social conditions in Britain, drew quick but mixed re- i actions today from the British j.press, some sections of which felt the Prime Minister had not gone far enough in his post-war think- ing, while others stressed the neces- isity of winning the war as the pri- mary consideration at present. Favors Post-War System Churchill placed his government squarely on record as favoring a post-war system of comprehensive social insurance "for all purposes from the cradle to the in- cluding health and unemployment benefits. He promised a social system free of snobbery, with equal opportuni- ties for all classes of citizens. The post-war organization for peace which Churchill envisaged was based on an agreement be- tween the British. .Commonwealth 'of Nations, the' United States and Soviet Russia, supplemented prob- ably by Regional federations of smaller nations in Europe, because "in Europe lie most of the causes which have led to these two world wars." Although military affairs were; Uiy The-AKsuclntecl Tress) given a secondary place in the' The Ohio .river flood situation brightened with the crestmg of the P prepared text- river above Portsmouth and PeaM h that the British stages expected from Portsmouth hth Army under Sir Bernard L. i nof lofo American Troops Drive Wedge Into Defense; Italians Captured Allied Headquarters in North armored troops drove a wedge into Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's last defense barring the way to the Gulf of Gabes with the capture of about Italian prisoners and Gen. Sir Bernard Montgomery pressed a full-scale attack on the Mareth Line Monday. Field reports said an American. column was within sight of Mak- I nassy, a strong German position on I the Gafsa-Mabares railway some ;50 miles west of the port of Ma- hares. The battle of Tunisia, which Prime Minister Churchill an- nounced Sunday night was under way and going well, found Rom- mel's southern forces squeezed into HITLER AT RUSSIAN FRONT, NAZIS newspapers on March 17 published this picture purporting to show Adolph Hitler near the front lines in Russia. DNB, German news agency, said Hitler flew to the front and held discussions with his officers. The German caption identified the men as, left to right, Field Marshal Fritz Erich von Mannstein, Colonel Genera'. Ruoff, Hitler, General Kurt von Zeitzler and Field Marshall Evvald vor. Kleist. it Hitler Breaks Long Silence To Admit Certain German Areas Are'War Zones' New Gains Reported By Soviets Red army has captured the railway town of Du- rovo, 57 miles East of Smolensk on the main line from Moscow, and the Russian column driving south- ward toward the rail line from Bely has made new progress, the Russians announced Monday as the battle for the Donets river line southeast of Kharkov grew in fero- city. Durovo was occupied by the same Russian force which broke through the German defenses at Vyazma to crack the Nazi salient so long pointed threateningly at Moscow. The advance was made in the face of repeated German counterattacks that cos: the Germans heavily in men and material, communique said. the mid-day (The Berlin radio, in a broadcast a coastal strip of barely 70 miles separating the correlated drives of Montgomery and U. S. Liuet. Gen. George S. Patlon, Jr., from the south and the west respectively. New British Lino In the north, Col. Gen. Jurgen Von Arnim's troops drove a British First Army.detachment from Nofsa Station, which lies 47 miles south- west of Bizerte and about two' miles northwest of the Djebcl Abiad, but the dominating heights of Djetael Abiad were covered by a new British line. This was a mere sideshow to tho Allied ground and air offensive which threatens to encircle Rom- mel in tfie south. CA British radio broadcast, re- corded by CBS. said tho powerful aerial action with which the Brit- ish Eighth Army opened, its attack on the Mareth positions was very much like the beginning of tho battle of El Alamcin.1.' .dust stores I and rain clouds which had ham- recorded by the Associated Press, I admitted Monday for the first time! pered operations for days vanished that its steel ring around Leningrad Saturday, it said, and the all-out through Cincinnati late Monday Portsmouth's 58-59-foot crest, Go Easy on Butter! It's Frozen One Week, OPA Order easy on the butter, boys and girls, it's all you Adolf Hitler' I emerged Sunday from a 133-day silence which had given rise to rumors of his illness or death to tell the German people in a radio broadcast the crisis or. the Rus- sian front had been surmounted, assure them their losses in war dead were relatively small, and yet adrr.it that many parts of Ger- many had become "war zones" as a result of incessant Allied bomb- get this week. Montgomery was "on the Retail sales were halted by the Veteran .broadcast listeners, who have heard many of Hitler's Allied Bombers Pound Enemy Ships In Pacific Headquarters in Australia four or five feet below the critical A corp t Jlccliu __ ______ Field Marshal Rommel's government Sunday midnight and before listened paricularly Meth Line in Tunisia, where military cisive clash for days, stage, was anticipated Monday ha b awaiting a de- ternoon and Cincinnati's revised crest prediction of 61 feet was due Tuesday, U. S. Meteorologist J. Cecil Alter said. A pared tin cans in Sullivan county totai Of 29 Red Cross disaster ft'Cre completed Sunday afternoon workcrs were sent to points be- at n meeting of the Salvage Portsmouth and Evansville. niittee at the office of the OCD. j Inci., to supervise evacuation and School children will be kept distribution work, this week collecting cans from their j Newport, Ky., cross-river neigh- homes and Inking them to the hor 0[ Cincinnati, appeared to be! schools, where they will be pinked ;tnc hardest, hit of any river German Soldiers, In Paris Theater Fight Each Other will not be resumed until rationing starts next Monday. Sales of margarine, lard and other edible fats and oils which will go under with meats and cheese next also were frozen for the same pe- riod. Restaurants are not affected by intently to be sure fuehrer speaking convinced i it was the they and said was his lats ana OHS wniun point rationing along neau1' mil cheese next week) In on.e ot up at the uml of the week and ]Bn involving 000 per- ed on a freight car for shipment to being moved out ot bottom plunts. Members of the; committee who visited the schools to explain the campaign to the children reported a great deal of enthusiasm on the part of students. "I really do not think it was necessary to offer any special in- ducement to the children to a committee member said. "They seem to an awareness of tho war and an eagerness to help that puts some of us adults to shame. It wn.s explained to the chil- dren that it takes cans to furnish enough tin for one four- motored bomber, and they arc go- ing after those can.s in n big way." Free Movie At the same time, revolver fight be- tween two groups of German sol- homes. The anticipated crest will'diers in a Paris movie house in force evacuation on a total of 27 Nazis were killed and 70 Red Cross officials pre-1 wounded was reported Monday by families, dieted. Families Moved Fifty-two families were moved in Cincinnati Sunday, 70 in Dayton, Ky., 40 in California, O., 20 in Cov- ington, Ky., five in Aberdeen, Ky., and three in Ripley, O. The Red Cross predicted 40 families will have to move from homes in Iron- expected 55-foot crest Bernard S. Townroe, secretary of the United Associations of Great Britain and France. Addressing a meeting at Epsom College, he said the fight occured about two months ago between German troops stationed at Paris and troops reportedly on leave from the Russian front. He did not give his source but said they were attending a movie at the "Kino formerly the order and may continue to tain butter and tho other foods' from their wholesalers. Mayonnaise and other salad dressings are not rationed and hence are not included in the -sales freeze. The Office of Pi-ice Admlnistra- Lion said its sudden action was of the shortest and most subdued speeches he has ever de- divcrcd the fushrer told a German war-dead memorial day gathering t the Zaughaus (military museum) Berlin, the fourth such assem- blage since the war began, that 542.000 German soldiers had been killed since the start of the con- flict. (Premier Josef Stalin has set the total of German dead on the eastern front at .J.OOC.OOO, and Gcr- :had been broken. (The Russians triumphantly re- j ported last Jan. 18 that the 17- month siege had been lifted. (The Berlin broadcast asserted I that Leningrad was connected with the remainder of Russia only by a route across Lake Ladoga, but went on to explain that a strip of ground several kilometers wide south of the Lake had been evacuated by German troops "only because it would be completely swamped in the spring." The Germans claimed this withdrawal still permitted the Russians no overland communica- tion with- Leningrad and said Sov- jet attempts to bridge the swampy] clay searching the southwest t in b Lc-gdam had been frus-1 cific for enemy shipping and ir.g the day and night attacked three-ship convoy and other vessels xwo Positions Seized _ off Dutch New Guinea and crippled a large Japanese destroyer in the The Russians on the March it Solomon sea, an Allied communi- South of Bely seized two strongly fortified German positions, th.e quo said Monday. The Convoy, sighted off Cape Vandenbnsch, consisted of two me- dium-sized cargo vessels and a de- stroyer. Results of the first attack were not observed, but later in the day a heavy bomber straddled one of the cargo vessels with bombs, the communique said. The destroyer sen was hit the Solomon communique said, and in one place moved in over the bodies of 275 Germans. After conceding the loss of Bel- gorod, 50 miles North of Kharkov, Sunday night, the Russians report- ed today they were holding stub- bornly East and Southeast of the _............city in the area of Chuguev. The ce at night when have tried repeatedly to onslaught was launched In clear weather.) Italians Captured A column of General Patton's forces thrust due cast from El Guetar mopped up Eou Hamran eight miles nearer the coast, and captured more than Italian prisoners.' 'Heavy shell fire by American batteries forced some of them to surrender. American troops are now at grips with the last Axis defenses guard- ing communication routes on tho coastal plain. (Both Italian and German Com- muniques, broadcast Berlin' and Rome and recorded by tha As- sociated Press, said violent air and ground battles were in progress. The German bulletin was phrased to imply that Nazi troops were not under fire, saying "strong Brltsih- American forces attacked Italian, positions in south and central Tu- nisia." (London observers expressed be- lief that difficult communication and supply problems would hold down the pace of the American ad- vance eastward in central Tunisia from Gafsa. Cautioning, against over optimism, one said there was still the job of clearing the enemy decided on because stocks now on many's own admissions hand are not large enough "to sup- in their entrapment sighted proceeding" cast at the Donets river and continue :'f numerous hills in tha vicnity _ _ n.l on i vnn t n OV _ _ ._ port heavy public buying ...........____ and defeat "during1 at Stalingrad would appear to make of losses "speed. Two direct hits were their advance, but each time Maknassy. Speculation on tho scored and when last seen, the been thrown bacK by -he Lm0 operations were dis- remaining before ra- Hitler's total figure for two years 'the Rex Theater, Men of the Paris is reached Monday. Flood waters already have taken "prison. "Townroe said, applauded a toll of seven lives in Kentucky. cws pictures, but the troops who A forecast crest of from 40 to 41'hricl experienced setbacks on the had feet at Louisville Wednesday was jRussian front scaled downward to 39 feet by U. Were not the one tioning." "The retail sales said OPA, "does not apply to any of the cheeses or meats involved in the new rationing plan and sales of these foods will continue as usual between now and March 2fl. Sales of canned fish and canned meat, which were frozen February 18, will continue to be suspended until rationing starts." BKRLIN KEPOUT3 POPE ILL A Vatican City dispatch by the 'cried true.' out the pic- Berlin radio said today that Pope j Pius XII is suffering- from a severe A. B. Covey, Meteorologist J. L. Kendall. -L "Mutual insults led to many of j cold and is confined to his bed with manager of the Kir.gsul in; floods last Friday prob-jthe Qermans pulling their revolvers a high fever. Kingsport, has arranged a special dic] the greatest damage, in-out of their holsters and firing at The Berlin broadcast was record- (See FLOOD on Page 8) Washington IP broailening battle of inflation jncrcase in iiiK its critical stages, tho that ad free showing of the Laurel und] Hardy comedy, "Great at the State Theatre, Saturday morning. Every student Inking 12 cans to school will receive a ticket to this show. Tho Salvage Committee decided to make no attempt at any house-1 to-housc pickup until children! had had a ch.-uioe to make their- canvass, since it in expected that] every family will be cMled on by; some child. Vcn- clciin-iip purposes.! a truck will collections from households which tlu> children It was pointed out Unit, in pre- paring the cans they should not be crushed so tight that the acid used'War Investigating committee In tho dolinning process could not.week will delve into a wage flow through them. The cans not bo hammered flat but merely stepped on. Three Collection Units Tho work of collection of the cans from the schools will be di- vWod between the city, the county ami tho Royal Crown Bottling Com- pany. The city trucks will pick up ''I the can.s at the city schools; boltllnf; company trucks will collect the comity schools of 'Civil districts, 11. 1'J and and Judge T. R. Bamly has authorized Use of the country trucks to collect from the rest o! the county schools. (Sec TIN CANS on PURO 8) each Townroe declared. ed by the Associated Press. Senate War Investigating Committee Will Delve Into Coal Wage Dispute stroyer was limping: away, trailing army defenders, it a large oil slick, it was announced. Three Ships Bombed Off Cape Namaripl, Dutch New Guinea, three small enemy nier chant ships were bombed and of war unduly low. Army Strengthened told his people the army, despite its losses, was being rapidly strengthened by additional classes of service men and the return ______ of wounded men who had recovered. (gcc BOMBEKS on Page 8) At the same lime, he said, war] production at home, spurred by the new "total mobilization" of German people, was rising result of the utilization of oloer youths and hundreds of thou- barges r.ear the shore were strafed itay a heavy reconnaissance plane. was said. (The German high command communique, broadcast from Berlin and recorded by the Associated Press, said that Russian attempts to break through the Nazi lines Southwest of Vyazma couraged in British military quar- ters, which said the offensive would take some time to unfold. 1 Destructive missions were exe- cured by Allied aerial squadrons and "outhTf throughout Saturday night and Lake Ladoga w day. (See RUSSIAN on Page 8) With miners' m- administration leaders thls I contend would break through their bor costs in parity price ceilings were advancing swiftly toward Sen- ate action after a quick victory in which threatens a bituminous coal strike. Chairman Truman (D-Mo) said Monday that when President John L Lewis of the United Mine Work- ers appears for testimony scheduled Friday on the general subject of anti'-inflation dam. Lewis' demand-the Jlcuse last week, has been paralelled by leaders of the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Or- ganizations, who urge that the "Little Steel" wage formula (limit- ing increases to 15 per cent over Jan. 1941 levels) be scrapped to wa- production, the lid will he rising living costs, for inquiries into the failure of Presidents Philip Murray of .he nrners and ope fur on a new contract to keep testify co erators to agree thus C1O and William Greer. of the AFL before the Truman ill production going after April Tuesday and Wednesday, re- demands apparently ad- to congressional break- another front where The leld of questioning is going ispectively. be wide Truman told With these "The members can a showdown stage, the ministration fought vigorously to porters. "The members can asK about anything they want to and I imagine the mine wage dispute Chairman Smith (D.-SC) called the Senate Agriculture committee together for what he said was cer- tain to be overwhelming approval of a bill by Rep. Pace (D-Ga) which would force an upward parity. Parity is a price at a farmer's crop returns would be men, sands of women and girls. He assured his listeners: "Our front has been stabilized and wo have taken measures which will secure in the months ahead of us success until final victory is achieved." His closely guarded personal ap- .pearance was not even revealed over the air until 50 minutes be- fore he was scheduled to spea.k. Delivery of his speech was .then de- layed a further 20 minutes. Confusion The German radio threw confu- sion into speculation as to whether Hitler might have been deposed or relinquished his control over the armed forces. A transocean commentator took occasion to say the fuehrer spoke "not as leader of the German peo- ple, but as supreme commander f the German armed forces." Hitler, however, was surrounded nf I on the platform by such army big- 1 i Field Marshal Wilhelm chief of staff, to whom Drive to Put Deferred U. S. Employes In Uniform Pressed 3? Major asneon Lew" aer'shey, selective service "I do too Hershey rephed director, told House members Mon- day he does not think some govern- ment agencies are setting the prop- er example in the matter of occu- pational draft deferments for then- employes. Testifying on the general sub- 'ect of deferments which a frustrated Sun-1 Sunday bombers leading off with a blasting of the docks of Ferry- Iville, a port of Bizerte's deep har- bor 10 miles south of that naval base. "A considerable force of heavy and medium bombers of the west- ern desert nir force attacked ob- jectives in the Mareth and Ket- tane areas, while bombers of tho Tunisian air force attacked somo enemy air the communitjuo said. Little Opposition Fighters escorting the bombers over Marelh positions by daylight Sunday shot down one Mossor- schmiit 109, but there was little air 'Sition, the bulletin reported. llfjht bombers Asked by Chairman Costello (D- Calif) if many government workers could be replaced by women or men The selective service hcnc I said dcw revision which! wigs i 'Kcitcl, equalized with the price cf the manufactured articles he buys. Opponents have charged that since farm price ceilings are an- chored primarily to parity, an up- ward revision of this standard to include all farm labor expendi- tures would boost living costs about 16 per cent. Smith contends some such boost is necessary production. to obtain rale rearman York. the Berlin announcer referred as cbmmander-in-ehief of the army, a title Hitler took during the 19-11- 42 winter campaign in Russia, and by Field Marshal Erhard Milch, ploycs of whom the announcer called coin- mander-in-chief of the air force. Field Marshal Hermann Wilhelm Goering, second-ranking Nazi, has been regarded as the chief of the air force. On the ground that desire to enter into a cussion of individual cases he handled, Hershey was given permission to KO into details at an executive session inquiry about factors involved in over draft age, Hershey said there i f jhp f0rco was no doubt about it. -'contributed to the pounding of tho air fields upon which Hommel 1 ponds for both aerial of his supplies. rlrcl and n, -aft on tho the oom- emy fighter our bombers e raid in- he did not obtain shortly from all a formation of Junkers public dis- agencies records on employes de- because of their government. of 'transport units were declared dc- 1 "Our investigation already has. on Harness' produced .some the four Allied -aircraft failed to return. fornian declared, adding that he. received reports that many deferment of members of the mo- had ment movement in Newinblcbodied draft-age workers had applied governmcntl or reclnssifi- Hi'rness said 7fiO draft-age em- tlie Office of War In- formation had been deferred by local boards and 127 OWI workers had not ever, been classified for the draft. "I wonder how that could hap- for reclnssifi- s. POPULATION I'P cation from deferred status to a class available for immediate mill- census tou-< tarv service estimated Monday that tho he said, "many of nntional population had reached them who have r.o grounds for oc-, 13D.C04.000 on Jan. I an increase .of cupational deferment have decided .1.051.000 during 1942 or nearly to correct that situation themselves'double the average yoany gain for.
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